Newspaper Page Text
ft 2700 Delegates Seated At IBEW Annual Convention Miami, Fla. (LPA)—The AFL4^--------------------------------- Int’l Brotherhood of Electrical Workers—the union that started out 51 years ago with 286 members in eight locals, and now has nearly a million members in locals from coast to eoast—opened its 24th con vention here. Oct. 16. From every state and from provinces through out Canada, approximately 2700 delegates were coming to map out future business for the union, whose membership has increased 20 percent since the last conven tion two years ago. The business agenda included consideration of some changes in the union’s laws an intensified or ganizing campaign in the telephone industry* demand for full protec tion of the benefits and rights Of members going into military ser-i vices and proposed revisions in the IBEW pension system (under which retiring workers get $50 monthly from the union in addition to their other pensions.) Among those slated to address the delegates were AFL President William Green* Labor Secretary Maurice J. Tobin National Secur ity Resources Board chief W. Stuart Symington president of the Union Electric Co. of Missouri, /. W. McAfee. Reviewing the IBEW’s progress, tlnion President Dan Tracy said conspicuous gains have been made •in government service, radio and television, electrical manufacturing, railroads, utilities, and construc tion. He said that since the Rural Electrification Administration has now covered workers on power line construction with the prevailing minimum wage, the union’s bitter Jispute with REA has been straigh tened out to a large degree. Tracy noted that REA also advised rural electric cooperatives operating on government loans to “pursue sound labor relations” and assure em ployes “the right to organize and Jzargain collectively.” Discussing the IBEW’s position on the nation’s railroads, Tracy said the winning of the 40-hour week last year with 48-hour pay phis a 7-cent hourly increase was “beyond contradiction one of the outstanding achievements in the history of the railroad industry.” He also noted advances on the rails with regard to pensions and sick benefits. He said railroad pension and unemployment insurance sys tems held first place in American Industry. Tracy hlMtatj, “shameful profit eering” by many business elements. “Selflessness is prated but not practiced,” he said. “Economic ad vantage is sought through political maneuvers. Reactionary politicians are speaking with the voice of Jacob but their hands are the hands of Esau.” Because of this, he de-1 dared, “organized labor has been compelled to intensify its efforts and activities in the political field while defending the conditions for Jibe wage earners economically.” IBEW Secretary J. Scott Milne reported “Our early statements showed no assets—only debts. To day we own a fine headquarters |uilding we have ample funds to carry out our aims and purposes, and we have a growing pension and death benefit fund for the aid of all. We have come far through the years we shall go farther in the years ahead.” Buy Union-Made foods from others as you would have them pay Union wages unto you! There IS a DIFFERENCE When ordering flowers be When ordering flowers be as sured of fresh beauty—plus—an cr-Hed touch of floral design. Phc 439 where every order receives the individual attention of a floral expert. GOLDEN'S Flowers IN OLDEST FLORAL SERVICE 1 EAST LIVERPOOL Established by CHAL PETERSON-1885 137 WEST SIXTH STREET Phone Main 439 LU— Last-Minute Offer Averts Strike Of JMtone Workers Newark, N. J. (LPA) Four hours before a walkout of 11,000 Jersey phone workers, the Bell System agreed to a wage increase of $2 to $3. The settlement was reached at 2 A. M., Oct. 6, after a 12-hour session between negotia tors for Division 35, Communica tions Workers, company officials and state mediators. The Bell System had won a vic tory in the State Supreme Court only four days earlier, when the court knocked out a $2.50 award made by an arbitration board. The board, acting under the state’s util ity anti-strike law, had made the award last April, but the company had appealed, attacking both the award and the constitutionality of the law. A lower for the union. court had ruled the Bell System $2.50 award in But even while was fighting the New Jersey, 61,300 telephone work ers belonging to independent unions in New York had received increases of $2 to $5 from New York Bell. The union took a strike vote last spring, in a dispute going back to May 1949, but remained on the job, under the state law, and the Bell facilities were technically seized by the state. The arbitration board had also granted a modified union shop, but the Supreme Court had ruled that the board had no such authority, and the matter must be negotiated. In August CWA President Joseph Beirne appeared before a Senate labor sub-committee with detailed evidence of the Bell Sys tem’s arrti-labor attitude. He point ed out that Bell refused to bargain system-wide, asserting that each Bell company makes its own labor policies, but that Bell officials had to admit that all such decisions were deferred back to American Telephone and Telegraph, the par ent cohnpany, so that negotiations became a farce. The union points out that A.T.&T. attitude toward regional independent unions is much more conciliatory. As evidence they cite an offer of 12 cents to the inde pendents in New York state while offering the installation men only 8 cents. Of the court ruling declaring that the arbitration board had no power to grant a union shop, the international’s publication, CWA Newsletter, said: “It is obvious that such status cannot be achiev ed short of a voluntary gesture by a utility employer, almost incon ceivable in the case of a Bell com pany." The publication said the rul ing “shows the utter fallacy of all compulsory arbitration laws, which, in the ultimate, deprive the worker of his only real economic strength. Favorable rulings from arbitration boards can be contested by wealthy employers and infinitum in the courts. Such a law, in the face of an obdurate employer, can Serve only to create a lawyer’s paradise.” The New Jersey law was hailed by Gov. Alfred M. Driscoll as pro-i rnoting industrial peace while as suring a fair deal to the worker. The New Jersey court ruling, said the CWA, “has completely blasted! this claim.” i Michigan Bell Makes Wage Offer Detroit (LPA)—Michigan Bell has offered wage boosts of $3 to $5 to Division 15, CWA. The price is an 18-month contract with no wage reopening. Ask for Union Labeled merchan dise. SHOES COMFORT DOCTOR FOR FOOT RIGID ARCH FLEXIBLE AND STYLES IN OXFORDS AND HIGH SHOES (X-Ray Fitting) CARRIES THE UNION LABEL BENDHEIM'S East Sixth Street MONEY LOANED FOR PURCHASE AND IMPROVEMENT HOMES OF 5 Per Cent Monthly Reduction The Potters Savings & Loan Co. WASHINGTON and BROADWAY EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO OFFICERS: JOHN J. PURINTON, President ALWYN C. PURINTON, Secretary CHAS. W. HENDERSHOT, Vice President iOS. M. BLAZER, Treasurer W. E. DUNLAP, Jr., Attorney MARSHALL PLAN BALLOON CONTEST-XJuldren at the Berlin Industrial Exhibition get set to release gas-filled balloons, which will carry greetings from them to people all over Europe. Finders are asked to send hack the postcard attached to the balloon. The ones that travel the farthest will win valuable prizes for both finder and sender. News and Views .... Coffee, for the past year or so, has been a subject of inexhaustible talk in many an American house hold. Most of the bewilderment can be traced back to the erratic be havior of prices and the confusion situation. Yet the consuming public and particularly the housewife, will do well to guard against scare stories and misleading newspaper reports. The coffee situation of 195Q is essentially that of rectifying a long drawn-out cycle of economic in justice and distress. It must be viewed in the context of a 20-year struggle for bare survival and the fact that now, for the first time in nearly a generation, coffee con sumption has outstripped produc tion. And so, before reaching con clusions, these facts are worth re membering: Our neighbors to the south furnish 95 percent of the world’s coffee supply, with Brazil alone contributing roughly 50 percent and Costa Rica 20 percent. 65 percent of the Lation America coffee crop goes into the North American market, thift confirming “once again the partiality of the Am erican people for coffee by a significant margin. Three opt of 4 Americans drink coffee as part of their daily diet. The average citizen, it has been estimated, con sumes 2 cups of coffee daily in the summer and 3 cups in the winter. Daily consumption in the U. S. in the summer of 1950 amounted to 248,000,000 cups a day, an increase of 20,000,000 aver the consump tion of 1949. What, in the face of this over whelming demand, is done to as sure an adequate supply of coffee under economically advantageous conditions? To Americans the answer seems simple. All that is needed is a mar ket price allowing the grower a fair return on capital investment, land, etc., and paying labor an ade quate wage for the work perform ed. Only by being assured of equit able returns can mankind, whether in Latin America or elsewhere, be persuaded to make capital avail able, improve and extend soil cul tivation, and step up productoin in tune with increasing consumption. This is precisely what happened after the first World War. Coffee consumption grew by leaps and bounds. Prices were high coffee growers were encouraged to ex pand. But before this expansion could be translated into financial gains, the depression of the late ’20s struck. The bottom dropped out of the market. It was hard to sell coffee at any price. Hundreds of millions of pounds were literally thrown away and destroyed. For many years the consumer has benefited from a coffee glut which forced prices down to an economically unsound and socially unjustifiable level. Now, with the vast surplus exhausted, the age-old law of supply and demand has again found their natural level. Beyond these economics are fac tors with which the public is but little acquainted. How many of us know that the growing and processing of coffee is done almost exclusively by man ual labor? That a coffee tree, after 8 years of back-breaking labor, yields only 10 pounds of the greenbeans, or about 1 Vie pounds of the roasted product? That millions of Latin Ameri cans and their families depend on coffee for their livelihood and econ omic security? By ALEXANDER S. LIPSETT (An ILNS Feature) b-------------------- That coffee, aside from being an economic foundation stone of the Americas, sets the pace of progress and living standards throughout Latin America And that coffee, as the main staple of Latin American exports, enables their peoples to buy man ufactured goods they so much want and need? Much of the confusion underly ing the coffee picture, it seems tff me, stems from the lack of know ledge of these basic economic and human factors. They also illustrate the immense role of that product in the political, economic and social realities of the Americas and its significance as an economic link and symbol of political solidarity among the republics of the West ern Hemisphere. In recognizing a healthy and prosperous coffee trade as an in dispensable means of intercontin ental friendship, economic progress and higher living standards of the countries of Latin America, Ameri can labor helps its fellow workers down south to achieve their aims. They Got Him, But NLRB Orders Man Rehired, Back Pay Tampa, Fla. (LPA)—Iewis G. Burnside, truck driver, left his motor running for a short time while he stopped at a roadside^ stand for a soft drink, and he hadn’t checked his gas supply that morning. So the Tampa Sand & Material Co. fired him without notice for “negligence.” That was Sept. 9, 1948. His union, the United Stone & Allied Products Workers, went to the National Labor Rela tions Board. The hearing before a trial ex aminer disclosed that no driver had ever been fired for a similar of fense that Burnside had run out of gas twice before without being criticized that he was regarded by his superiors as a competent driver who took care of the equip ment that back in June 1948 the superintendent had threatened fire Burnside if he could “get any thing on him” that after Burnside was fired, the superintendent ad mitted he had “been after Burnside a long time and finally got him.” Actually, Burnside’s sin was that he was active in the union. Since Jan. 26, 1948, the bosses had been questioning employes about the union, had warned them against joining, had threatened them, ami finally fired Burnside. It was not until July 1950 that the trial examiner made his report, finding for the union. The com pany appealed. And it was not un til Oct. 13, 1950, that the board up held the examiner, and ordered the company to rehire Burnside, and make good his lost pay. THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO took that In other words, the' case two years to settle, under Taft-Hartley act. JAVITS WINS AWARD FOR CIVIL KIGHTS STAND New York (LPA)—Rep. Jacob K. Javits, Republican-Liberal of this city, was awarded a citation Oct. 6 for his “outstanding record" in the struggle for civil rights for all. The citation was signed by D. Ward Nichols, Presiding Bishop of the African Methodist-Episcopal Church. Dr. Walter P. Offutt, Jr., church secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, made the pre sentation in the Great Hall of the College of the City of New York. Big RdgiStratidn Brightens Labor's Political Chances Top national interest was in the Ohio campaign where labor-backed Democrat Joe Ferguson was pitted against labor’s arch enemy-, Sen. Robert (Mr. Republican) Taft, sponsor of the hated law which bears his name. Labor was solidly opposed to Taft. The AFL, CIO, Machinists,- Mine Workers, and Rail Brotherhoods were linked in a hardworking organization seeking his defeat. Meanwhile, registration was up nearly 7 percent in a seven county sample, and it was hoped that it might be at an all-time high. Taft was campaigning fran tically, implying that the drive against him was being run by Com munists. Many saw desperation in Taft’s tactics, but labor was inten sifying its efforts to get out the vote on election day. In Indiana registration was so heavy that incumbent Republican Sep. Homer Capehart was making ar} extra strong appeal for labor support—knowing full well that if he won he never would have to de Byer. In Indianapolis, registration was a good 15,000 ahead of 1948 and it was believed the increase was fairly typical. Capehart’s Democratic opponent is Alex BARBARA BELL PATTERN No. 1719 What little girl could resist this adorable doll with her cute button nose and soft curly hair? She’s dressed completely with socks, shoes, undies and ric-rac trimmed dress. Barbara Bell Pattern No. 1719 comes in one size, 20 inches. Doll requires Yt yard of 35 or 39-inch fabric dress' yard socks, yard pantie, shoes yard. New York (LPA)—As the 19501V------------------------------------- If Campbell. V In Illinois, Democratic Sen. Congressional campaign reachedl [its closing vyecks, nobody Could pre dict thp results with confidence. However, in areas where registra tion was high, Democratic hopes were even higher for Democratic victories frequently flow from big turnouts. i j- Organized labor was by no means hitched exclusively to the Demo cratic party, but it wax true that labor’s hopes also were running high. For where registration was up—as in Ohio and Indiana—was where labor was exerting its ut most to Unhorse Republican Sena tors and eteeb Democrats. But reg istered voters would still have to go to the polls Nov. 7 to make their preferences felt. In general, Democrats in key areas were running on the party’s New Deal-Fair Deal record, call ing for Taft-Hartley repeal and Hacking other unrealized aspira tions of the 1948 platform. In gen eral the Republicans were crying “throw the rascals outa” and bas ing their arguments on foggy charges of Communism in govern ment. The Republicans seem un moved by the fact that Sen. Joe McCarthy had yet to prove a single one of his accusations. If they echoed McCarthy often enough and loud enough they could frighten the voters, they apparently believ ed. The GOP also identified the Fair Deal with “creeping social ism” but didn’t dare demand re peal of such things as social secur ity. And there was more than a trace of isolationism in much Re publican campaigning. As of mid October, here’s how key contests shaped up. slip and yard For this pattern, send 5c for first-class mailing, in coins, your name, address, pattern num ber and size wanted to Barbara Bell, Labor Press Association, PO Box 99, Station G, New York 19, N. Y. 25c plus Send an additional 25 cents today for yow copy of the Fall and Win ter issue of STYLIST, our com plete pattern magazine. Interest ing, informative and colorful. Free gift pattern for you printed in the book. Scott Lucas, majority leader on the Senate floor, faced a strong battle against former Rep. Everett Dirk sen, who bore the blessing of the super-reactionary Chicago Tribune. Lucas Was pointing out that Dirk sen was essentially an isolationist who “has fought all the liberal leg islation designed to help Illinois farmers and working men.” Lucas, who is backed by labor, was also saying that Dirksen “wants to stand pat, where McKinley stood in 1900.” In Colorado, I5emocratic Hep. John Carroll had labor’s backing in his drive to oust Republican incum bent Semi. Eugene Milliken. The Colorado Labor Advocate, crack Denver labor paper, lowered the boom on ‘^Glittering Gene” regular ly. In the House, Carrojl was a sponsor of mu*h Jabor-supported legislation. Just before Congress shut up shop to campaign, Carroll was one of the leaders of the last minute fight for the excess profits tax this year which the CIO and AFL were demanding. In California, Rep. Helen Gah agan Douglas, a staunch liberal and a Democrat, was waging a -strong fight against Rep. Richard Nixon for the Senate seat vacated by Sheridan Downey. At the same Jimmy Roosevelt was running as a Democrat for governor against the incumbent Republican Earl War ren. Mrs. Douglas was backed by labor and was given a fair chance to whip Nixon, whose chief claim to fame was that he unearthed the dirt of Alger Hiss.*Jimmy seemed to have less chance against War ren, partly because of the state’s cross-filing system. Registration is above the five million mark, how ever, with the Democrats holding a three-to-two preponderance, and many recalled that Warren was un able to put California in the Repu blican camp in 1948 when he was Dewey’s running mate. In Oregon, Republican Sen. Wayne Morse, one of labor’s best friends in Congress, looked like a shoo-in. His Democratic opponent, Howard Latourette, was getting virtually no support from the Democratic party’s national organ ization and none at all from labor. Both the AFL and CIO endorsed Morse. In New York, political develop ments were confused and spectacu lar. Sen. Herbert Lehman, working for re-election as a Democrat-Lib eral, had the support of all labor. A veteran vote-getter (although a freshman in the Senate), Lehman was expected to win despite the fact that Tom Dewey decided to ruh for re-election as Governor, de spite the fact that Acting Mayor Impelliteri of New York City had chosen to make the Mayoralty race a three-cornered contest, and de spite the big town’s police scandal. You'll like an electric range for the same reasons you picked electric lighting for your home: you just know it's cleanest, safest, most MODERN! Electric ranges cook without flame or soot. Kitchen air stays cool and fresh because an electric range—and only an electric range makes heat without gobbling up oxygen from the room. Millions have switched to electric cooking just as millions turned from old-fashioned lighting years ago. Unexcelled safety and cleanliness are two big reasons—any woman who cooks electrically can tell you many more. So can your appliance dealer. See the new •lectric ranges at his show room now. n* OHIO POWER Whether Gov. Dewey’s withdrawal from the presidential campaign of 1952 and designation of Dwight Eisenhower as his choice for the White House could affect this year’s voting was beyond knowing. In Pennsylvania, labor’s pros pects were dimmer. However, there still remained a chance that labor backed Democratic Sen. Francis Myers could squeeze through against his Republican opponent, Gov. James H. Duff. The big city vote might tell the story. In Phil adelphia, registration was about what it was in 1948, but in Pitts burgh an extra 40,000 had regist ered. However, the total Republi can registration was far in front of th'e Democratic figure. Mean while, Myers was fighting hard, might be helped by the vote on local issues. All in all, organized labor was backing candidates for 25 Senate seats outside the south. Only Re publicans were Morse and Sen. George D. Aiken of Vermont. Other Democrats than those mentioned were: Emmett Kelly in New Hampshire (although Republican Sen. Charles W. Tobey was reported to have some labor support) Sen. Carl Hayden in Arizona Sen. Brien Mc Mahon and Sen. William Benton in Connecticut Claude J. Burtenshow in Idaho Albert J. Iowa Paul Aiken Thomas C. Hennings Sen. Pat McCarran Harry O’Brien in North Dakota John W. Pastore in Rhode Island John A. Engel in South Dakota Sen. Elbert D. Thomas in Utah Sen. Warren G. Magnuson in Wash ington Tom Fairchild in Wiscon sin. Loveland in in Kansas in Missouri in Nevada Maybe Hosiery Wifi Cost Less New York (LPA)—The Textile Machine Works and the Berkshire Knitting Mills, both of Wyomiss ing, Pa., have promised to behave hereafter *and give other manufac turers a chance. And maybe full fashioned hosiery may cost less now. Textile produces over 85 percent of all full-fashioned hosiery mach ines in the US. Berkshire is the largest manufacturer. The same people control both. To avert com petition, the two would buy up and destroy second-h and machinery' which could have been used to make low-priced hose, according to the government complaint in an anti-trust suit filed Oct. 20, 1947. Now an anti-trust consent judg ment has been entered in US Dis trict Court here against both firms and two of their corporate officials, John E. Livengood anti Ferdinand K. Thum. The judgment ends the practices whereby Textile favored Berkshire, to the detriment of other manufacturers. Under the judgment, destruction of second hand machinery is pro hibited more than 2C0 patents and patent applications must be lieens- another reason why millions of women are changing to Electric cooking... Ho oilier cooking method is as C/ean S Safe Thursday, October 19, 1950 Steel Operations Up As Union Presents Demands Cleveland (LPA)—As the Steel workers presented wage demand for 65,000 to Republic Steel Corp., third largest producer, the Ameri can Iron & Steel Institute took the opportunity to announce near-re cord wage payments, and’ record production. Steel operations for the week were scheduled to set a new all time tinnage record for the third consecutive week, with an output of 1,959,600 tons. Operations were at 101.6 percent of rated capacity. The Institute reported August wage payments boosted the indus try’s payroll to a new peak of more than $1J4 billions for the first eight months of the year. It estimated the August payroll at $206,623,000, nearly $18,000,000 above July, $31,000,000 above August 1949, and only $500,000 below the March 1949 record. The Institute said average weekly wages in July were $67.83, and $8.62 above the weekly average for workers in all manu facturing. William F. Donovan, USW direc tor and chairman of the negotiat ing committee for Republic work ers, said he could not disclose the wage demands. The company said it was taking the demands “under advisement”, that no further meet ings were set pending the “study”, but that “something” may be ann ounced within a week. The Repub lic plants are at Cleveland, Youngs town, Warren, Canton and Massil on, Ohio Buffalo, N. Y. Chicago, and Gaddson, Ala. LATE JOE PADWAY LAUDED WAS AFL’s ATTORNEY Madison, Wis. (LPA)—The late Joseph Padway, for many years attorney for the American Federa tion of Labor, was the subject of a moving eulogy by David Previant, attorney for the United Auto Workers-AFL. Reviant, speaking before the Wisconsin Supreme Court, termed Padway “an impass ioned advocate of, and crusader for, the rights of man.” cd to any applicant Textile must make its experimental facilities available to all manufacturers on a non-discriminatory basis Textile must make its machinery available to all others on the same basis as to Berkshire officers of one com pany cannot serve with the other. WE ARE EQUIPPED TO RENDER COMPLETE FUNERAL AND AMBULANCE SERVICE-* PROMPTLY i MARTIN Funeral Home 145 OHIO and WEST VIRGINIA West Fifth St. Phone 365 LICENSE at our low electric rate, about $2 worth of electricity cookt meals for the average family for a whole month.