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^Unions Launch Counter
Attack On AMA Drive New York (LPA)—Two unions-F— have launched a nation-wide count er-attack against the American Medical Association. The two are the United Steelworkers and the Amalgamated Clothing Workers. The two unions have bought ad vertising space in newspapers across the country to answer the AMA attack on the national health insurance program advocated by the Truman Administration. The AMA has spent $1,100,000 this month in newspaper advertising and radio, attacking the national health insurance program as “so cialized medicine”, and pushing the slogan “The Voluntary Way is the American Way.” Drug manufactur ers and others have spent a sum estimated at $19,000,000 in tie-in advertising. The union’s advertisements point out that at one time or another, the AMA fought federal aid to States which would have reduced infant find maternity deaths fought against the reporting of tuberculosis, the first step in TB coptrol opposed venereal disease jclinics still opposes free diagnostic centers for TB and cancer opposed w o k e n’s compensation laws, group medicine practise, and, in the last session of Congress, block ed federal aid to medical schools. In the same session, the unions declared the AMA lobby killed off insurance benefits for persons per manently disabled before the usual retirement age, fought the entire social security bill, blocked federal aid to school health service, and blocked legislation to provide medi cal care for soldiers’ dependents. Declaring that voluntary health insurance, now belatedly advocated by the American Medical Associa tion, costs to much and does not go far enough because it will meet only 86 percent of the average family’s medical bill, the two unions urged passage of the Na tional Health Insurance and Public Health Act because it offers the most comprehensive medical cov erage. The measure, the unions point out, would train more doctors and other essential medical personnel advance medical research in dia betes, arthritis and other ailments expand hospital building programs help rural and other shortage areas and assist farmers’ experi mental health cooperatives expand State and local public health ser vices increase State maternal, child health and crippled children’s services, and establish a national health insurance fund to cover patients’ medical bills. “A National Health Insurance Fund,” the unions declared, “built UP through payroll contributions by employe and employer, will spread and space the costs, pay for medi cal care out of earnings. That is not charity. It ia not socialism. It is insurance.” Jerry Voorhis, secretary of the Cooperative Health Federation of America, a federation of voluntary consumer-sponsored group health plans, said AMA “appears to fav or voluntary action only when AMA controls the action.” Such doctor-controlled plans, he YOU CAN SEE THE CREAM ALWAYS USE CREAM TOP MILK BOTTLES THEY ARE SANITARY Used Exclusively By GOLDEN STAR DAIRY PHONE 3200 Funeral said, do riot adequately provide for preventitive care, or meet more than about a fifth of the average family’s medicfel expenses. In state after state, AMA affil iates have succeeded in getting legislation passed which forbids the people from taking voluntary action in the health field, Voorhis said. Doctors of “unimpeachable pro fessional qualifications” who have associated themselves with con sumer-sponsored voluntary plans, have been discriminated against, and denied admission to medical societies, “except in rare in stances”, Voorhis said. AMA has “constantly attacked” efforts of consumers of medical care to organize their own volun tary health plans, such as Health Insurance Plan of Greater New York with its quarter of a million enrollees, he said. AMA has opposed aid to medical education, including aid to non-tax supporteu medical schools, which would enable those schools to train “an adequate number” of physic iahs, nurses and technicians, he de clared. New Jersey’s doctors evidently disagree with the AMA according to Carl Holderman in commenting on the New Jersey doctors’ own 12-point program for financing medical care. The New Jersey Medical Society, Holderman pointed out, “has found through its own experience that voluntary programs of prepaid medical and surgical care don’t provide the answer. “After ten years experience with its own, wholly-controlled Blue Shield plan (Medical-Surgical. Plan of N. J.), the society chiefly pro poses that public tax funds shall pay the medical bills of a large part of the population—the indi gent, the ‘medically-indigent’, the chronically ill and many farmers and other self-employed. The NJMS program also pro vides for extension of local public health departments, and approves federal subsidies for medical edu cation, “another point on which it is at variance with the AMA.” The NJMS proposes that the U.S. Public Health Service provide competent physicians to such areas. “This is a proposal for direct fed eral medicine going beyond any thing in President Truman’s pro gram or in the NHI bill,” Holder man declared. 45,500,000 WORKERS IS ALL-TIME HIGH FOR US EMPLOYMENT Washington (LPA) Workers (except farmers) reached an all time high of 45,500,000 in mid September, a gain of 2,000,000 in the past year. Seasonal factors accounted for an increase of almost a half-million from August to September, but a gain of 4,000,000 since the low point in February is attributed to the continued expansion in durable goods which was touched off by the Korean war. Factoay employment, at 15,600, 000, equaled the postwar record set in 1948 and a growing backlog of orders indicates a still crease in employment. O' Gusts A .•a Dawson “SO MUCH 215 Waat Fifth Straat ACTUAL charges for 500 consecu tive funerals conducted by the DAWSON Funeral Home are as folio wsl 10% Were 9% Were 50% Were 31% Were further in- as a whole, seasonally In the trade division employment increased by almost 150,0C0 and employment in combined Federal, state and local government divisions 6,000,000, a postwar peak for the usual Christmas rush. A significant upturn ered by Federal agencies probably foreshadows further extensive hirl ing for defense activities. I topped except postal regist- Under $150 Under $300 Under $500 Over $500 Funeral Home for so little" Phone Main 10 Merchants Wail As Credit Rules Are Stiffened To Fight Inflation Washington (LPA) The gov ernment has applied the brakes on installment buying again, and cer tain merchants are screaming bloody murder. Under the new rules you’ll have to make even bigger down payments than were required when regulations were in augurated last month. And you’ll have less time to pay. Less than a month after the very mild rules were applied, the Fed eral Reserve Board decided they weren’t having enough effect on the inflation. People were still buy ing more things than were being produced. Some store-owners, on the other hand, were complaining that sales had been cut by the buying rules, and prices had been forced down slightly. That’s just what the board was hoping would happen. Federal Reserve Board Govern or R. M. Evans said that the board is feeling its way along, “starting out with what seems to be moder ate restrictions. If these restrict ions are found to be inadequate, they will be strengthened accord ingly. If, later on, they are found to be more restrictive than is nec essary, they will be relaxed. “Our object is to maintain the flow of available goods at stable prices, if possible, without price fixing or government rationing.” Loudest wails about the new rules came from ai^to dealers. The down payment for autos was left at one-third of the purchase price, but payoff time was cut from 21 months to 15. This means that if you buy a $1501) car you must pay $500 down, and $80 a month. The dealers say this high monthly pay ment will drive buyers away. Down payments on television sets, radios, refrigerators, stoves, washing machines, irone rs, ami other heavy household appliances were boosted from 15 to 25 percent. Payoff time has been cut from 18 to 15 months. Furniture and rugs now require a 15 percent down payment, instead of 10 percent, and must be paid for in 15 months. The earlier rules applied only to things costing $100 and up. Now, anything over $50 is regulated. Also, loans granted to purchase regulated articles are under the same restrictions, and loans grant ed to purchase unregulated articles must be paid back in 15 months. Terms on home repairs have been left unchanged. You still must pay ten percent down, and you have 30 months to pay off. At the same time, the Veterans Administration loosened housing credit restrictions for World War 11 vets. VA said it would approve loans up to 10 years if necessary, to provide payments the veteran can meet. Reserve Beard restric tions had cut the payment time to 25 years for veterans on houses under $7C00. The vets have also been allowed down payments of five to ten percent less than those required from non-veterans. Board Chairman Thomas McCabe said that other inflationary forces, beside installment buying, have been out of hand. Growing bank credit has been exerting a continu ed upward pressure on prices, he said. His criticism led to specula tion that the board might soon raise reserve requirements for member banks, a much-discussed stop that would freeze $2‘i billion in bank funds so they could not be loaned. Marriner Eccles, a member of the board, speaking to a convention of the Cooperative League in Chic ago, called for a “tough program of fiscal and credit measures.” He also called for direct controls on scarce materials. I’MW Strikes Ford Museums Detroit (LPA) Members of United Auto Workers have struck Greenfield Village and Edison In stitute Museum, showplaces found ed by Henry Ford. UAW, which recently organized the museums, says management has refused to negotiate. Washington (LPA)—There will be a lot of surprised Republicans this fall, just like there were in 1948, President Truman told his news conference Oct. 19. Truman predicted a Democratic landslide that will upset forecasts about Re publican gains in the House and Senate. Charges by Sen. Pat McCarran that the Administration is trying to discredit McCarran’s anti-Commun ist law were denied by Truman. Calling it the pro-Communist bill, hex said it was discredited in Con gress, and he’s merely enforcing it to the letter. Sen. Edward Martin (R, Pa.)' was very much mistaken when' he accused the Administration of de laying price and wage controls for political reasons, Truman said. Every effort is being made to do these things as fast as possible, he1 indicated, but since a man has to face character assassination to fill a government job these days, it’s hard to get the right people. Administration policy on For mosa was settled a month or five weeks before his Wake Island con ference with Gen. MacArthur, the President said. He berated the newsmen for not understanding the ideas of two intellectually honest men when they meet. MacArthur is loyal to his government and government’s foreign policy, said. TTir POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL. OHIO k -..X UN DAY, OCTOBER 24—These children at the United Nations Nursery School, Lake Success, N. Y. don’t notice differences in dress, speech and manners after the first few doys. Their parents are working for a better and peaceful world through the United Nations a worldlwhere all children can play as hap pily as these. You are asked to join them in Celebrating UN Day. I ejr— -1 1 1 President Truman Predicts Democrat Landslide Nov. 7 his he is The Defense Department working on a policy for men in reserves, Truman said, and pressed hope that an equitable and fair arrangement will be announced for them soon. Sarcastically com menting on the patriotism of em ployers who have fired reservists because they are on military call, the President Expressed the opin ion that such men should have priorities on their jobs. the ex- Proposals by Southern Congress men that the Administration relax its new export quotas on cotton, were opposed by Truman on the ground that we need the cotton here at home. The President said he was sorry that the letter from GOP Senator ial Candidate Joe R. Hanley, re vealing the deal with Governor Dewey, had to come out in public. He said he was sorry to read such a letter, but added that he didn’t think it would hurt the Democrats. Political strategists have been pre dicting that exposure of the Dewey-Hanley deal will help swing the elections to the Democrats. He expressed hope that Sen. Francis J. Meyers will be reelect ed in Pennsylvania^ and revealed that he himself will go home to Missouri to vote in the elections there. Plenty Of Coffee If You Want To Pay $1.05 A Pound Washington (LPA)—There was good and bad news for coffee drinkers Oct. 20. The experts said there won’t be a shortage, but prices will stay high. Commerce department figures showed that at the end of Sept ember, coffee in the hands of im porters, dealers and roasters total ed 398,437,273 pounds—more than there was at the end of June, but less than at the same time last year. A world-wide survey by the Food & Agriculture Organization showed that Brazil and other coun tries will keep the prices up. It will take “considerable time,” FAO reported before the coffee producing nations expand produc tion and cut prices. Some brands are selling for much, as $1.05 a pound now. Demand the Union Label OBITUARIES SAMUEL A. COVERT Samuel A. Covert, 513 Harri son St., Newell, a jiggerman at Plant 4 of the Homer Laughlin China Co., died Oct. 24 at City Hospital following an eight-month illness. He had been hospitalized for two days. He was 49. Bom in Plymouth, W. Va., on Aug. 29, 1901, he came to Newell as a child and spent most of his lifetime there. Mr. Covert was employed in the clay shop of Plant 4 until his illness last February. He was a member of Local Union No. 12, National Brotherhood of Operative Potters, East Liverpool Eagles Aerie 457 and First Presby terian Church. Surviving are his widow, Mrs. Kathryn E. Covert, and a son, James R. Covert, both at home his parents, Mr. and Mrs. M. G. Covert of Newell two sisters, Mrs. M. W. Copestick of Newell, and Mrs. Damon Smith of East Liverpool and three brothers, Hpward R. Covert of Chester, and Harley L. Covert and John Covert of East Liverpool w WILLIAM A. LISTER William A. Uster, honorary member pf the National Brother hood of Operative Potters and a re tired member of the Police Depart ment died Oct. 24 in City Hospital, following a week’s illness of uremic poisoning. He was 72. Mr, Lister was a kilnman by trade and worked at the old Dres den and Knowles, Taylor & Know lea potteries in East Liverpool and at the Taylor, Smith & Taylor plant in Chester before joining the police force. A son of James and Anna Lister, he was bora in East Liverpool. He was a member of the police force for 30 years, retiring June 16, 1947.! He was appointed by the late W. F. Onr on June 16, 1917, and served under eight mayors. He was acting chief and captain at times during his long service. He was a member of St. Aloy-j sius Catholic Church, the Eagles Lodge and the Fraternal Order ofi Police. He leaves his widow, Mrs. Dorothy E. Lister a son, William' A. Lister Jr., and a daughter, Mrs. Alice Sim of East Liverpool, and two grandchildren. Factory Worker Gets Highest Pay And Bigger Bills Washington (LPA)—The aver age factory worker received the biggest pay check of his life during September but he still wasn’t having any trouble carring home the things he could buy with it at the corner store. A food price index of 207.3 per-1 cent dimmed the gleam in the eyes of the nation’s 12,900,000 produc tion workers as they picked up average checks of $60.53 a week, $5 over last fall’s average. That gleam was due to grow even duller this month when Uncle. Sam start ed putting another bite on their take-home pay and lagging retail prices caught up to hypoed whole sale prices. Wage increases won by unions helped boost the average, accord ing to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, but more overtime and the hiring of 900,000 in the higher paying metal industries since the outbreak of the Korean war have also helped. Durable goods workers made $60.90 or 57c over August, due to raises in stone, clay and glass products, metals, machinery and transportation equipment,- Seasonal cutbacks in tobacco, ap parel, paper, and other soft goods industries dropped the average worker’s wage from $55.65 in Aug ust to $55.42 in September. Slight wage gains offset the lowered workweek. as Unions Publish Their Own Paper Throughout Strike Pittsburgh (LPA)—Conferences with city and federal officials have failed to unsnarl the strike and lockout situation on three daily papers here. Meanwhile, in an unprecedented move, ten CIO and A FL unions are publishing their own paper, the Pittsburgh Daily Reporter, which is now the only daily newspaper in town. Union members say they will halt publication when the lockout ends. On October 1, the Post Gazette, Sun-T elegrap h, and Pittsburgh Press closed down after the mail ers’ union walked out in support of wage demands. More than 3000 members of other unions were laid off, without ^yarning and without pay. Pittsburghers were without papers for two weeks. Out of town papers are harder to get than cig arettes were during the war, be cause the out of town publishers are not sending in any extra copies. The Daily Reporter hit the stands Oct. 15 and has been sold out with in 15 minutes each day (100,000 copies a day). After the papers shut down, the mailers’ charter was revoked by Int’l Typographical Union-AFL. They are now out, they say, as in dividuals, but are willing to meet with anyone at any time in an ef fort to settle the dispute. When the lockout was 17 days old, Pittsburgh’s Mayor David L. Lawrence and County Commission Chairman John J. Kane met with the publishers and with represent atives of al! the unions in an effort to bring about a settlement. No re sults were noticeable. US conciliat ors also failed to make headway. American Newspaper Guild is the guiding light in the Daily Re porter venture, although some of the newsmen participating work on the Press (Scripps-Howard) where there isn’t a Guild unit. The other unions cooperating are the Stereo typers, Printing Pressmen, Int’l Typographical Union, Pittsburgh Paper Handlers, photo-Engravers, Mailers Union, Teamsters Union, Pittsburgh Newspaper Alliance, and Building Service Union. The Reporter is not a labor paper. It is a community news paper, concentrating on local news, but also carrying national and in ternational news. Because of the newsprint shortage it is limited to eight pages, and carries only two pages of advertising. It is a non profit venture, and is being sold only on newsttfnds, not by sub-| scription. A NG Vice President Sam Eubank described the newspaper project as the greatest demonstration of labor unity the Guild has ever seen. “Unions in all industries,” he said, “will be enriched by the lessons of this cooperative undertaking.” Guild members are receiving lockout benefits, and workers on the Pittsburgh Courier, not in volved in the dispute, have pledged five percent of their paychecks. Coast Guard Given )n Waterfront Washington (LPA)—Under,the new waterfront regulations issued by President Truman an American merchant seaman can be kept off an American ship if the Coast Guard thinks his “character and habits of life” make him a bad se curity risk. The Presidential orders were issued under a law passed by Congress last summer. Maritime unions were not expect ed to like the regulations. The unions always have bitterly oppos ed any enlargement of the Coast Guard's authority over merchant shipping because they’ve felt that Coast Guard officers were basical ly anti-labor. The recent revelations before the Senate Subcommittee on Labor Management Relations by1 the Seafarers International Union AFL that ex-Coast Guard officers ran a labor-spy ring on the tankers of the Cities Service Oil Co. re-in forced the union belief. However, the unions were expected to com ply since they were assured rep resentation on appeals boards. The Presidential orders are de signed to secure American ports against sneak atomic assaults or subversive activities. Under the regulations, the Coast Guard is empowered to search persons, ships, and waterfront facilities in sist that waterfront personnel carry port security cards control the handling of explosives. Violat ors of the regulations will be liable to $10,009 fines and imprisonment up to 10 years. In addition, the Coast Guard is empowered to prevent anybody or anything from being put on a ship or entering any waterfront instal lation put guards on ships search ships or facilities and eject any one considered undesirable take possession of any ship in US ter ritorial waters. Demand the Union Label FEATURES: 1:25, 3:35 7:25, 0:25 SNARE IN DEFENSE LAW MAKES FOOD PRICE CONTROL USELESS Cincinnati (LPA)—Food zation ing is unnecessary and food price control impossible, at present, Agriculture Secretary Charles Brannan indicated Oct. 17. Addressing the annual convention of the Nat’l Association of Food Chains, Brannan said that “the na tion’s superb food production rules out any need at this time far a system of food controls.” With good crop weather, supplies will be plentiful, he assured his listeners. “The prospect of abundant food stands out as one of our major sources of strength,” he said. Under the Defense Production Act, price ceilings on food cannot be lower than parity. Following this rule, Brannan pointed out, “if going food prices were replaced by the lowest ceiling possible under the law, the cost of living would rise rather than fall.”, He predicted that food prices will continue to go up, but “the rise will be held to moderate size by the ample supplies of food on hand, and by the equal real fact that meat prices are going down.” The Agriculture Secretary warn ed the industry men against rais ing prices “to get set for controls with a ceiling with comfortable headroom.” That, he said, would be “the height of folly.” There wasn’t much movement on the food price front last week. Coffee companies cut their whole sale prices an average of two cents a pound, and whipped up a lot of publicity on the move. In St. Louis, Coca-Cola and Royal Crown Cola cancelled plans to raise bottled soda pop from $.80 to $1.40 a case. The plan was to jump the retail price from five cents to ten cents a bottle. No rea son was given for the change in plans. In New Jersey, milk was raised a cent a quart, bringing the price for home delivery to 25'2 cents. Meat prices were down four to five cents a pound in the New York area. The citrus fruit industry predict ed lower prices on canned and frozen orange and grapefruit jucies this winter than last. The wholesale food price index compiled by Dun & Bradstreet, for the week ended Oct. 17 was! uwamauwiiiiiiuiiiniiniiiimumnu M-G-M ■fc. A- 1 ADOLPHE MENJOU 3 WILL GEER!-/»£s^‘ Thursday, October 26, I960 j,-------------------- $6.48, the same as a week ago. For four weeks before it had begun dropping, and went down a total of 20 cents, from $6.68. After the Korean war started the index mov ed steadily up for a total of 75 cents to $6.69, highest level in two years. Present index is 36 cents above the 1948 high, and 88 cents under the all-time high cf $7.36, sent in July 1948. Your economic security during your working years depends upon your buying only from firms which display the Union Label, Shop Card a id Union Button. Ask for Union Labeled merchan se. If you don’t know the security and joy of saving, why not start here and now? ib You’ll like it! INSURED rst Federal Savings Loan Association 1032 Pennsylvania Ave. 1 WEEK-FRIDAY THE GREATEST PICTURE'EVER MADE OF THE WORLD’S MQST DEATH -D EFYIN GSPORT!W Mr. Speed and Miss Spitfire meet head-on! pi' ■i CONTINUOUS SHOWS SATURDAY & SUNDAY ‘TOM AND JERRY IN HOLLYWOOD"—Cartoon—M-G-M NEWS Safety Is No Accident—See “WRONG WAY BUTCH" And Find Out—Pete Smith Specialty CERAMIC!