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Operatives. th OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF TMB NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTERS v/’-v and BAST LIVERPOOL TRADES ft LABOR COUNCIL CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTER President Truman has asked Congress to enact an ex cess profits tax, not only to help the government cope with the inflation problem but also to right the wrong of some Americans getting rich on the blood of other Americans. As Sen. Joseph O’Mahoney (D-Wyo.) said, “We cannot afford to be tender with profits while we are drastic with men.” Last summer congressional leaders promised the Am erican people that they would enact an excess profits tax be fore the end of the present session. They upiied individual income taxes and we expect them to take care of the big boys. 'Underpinning Own Stability' In its fight for the neW Massachusetts law aimed at preventing discrimination in employment against workers between 45 and 65, the State Federation of Labor empha sized some truths that urgently need attention throughout the nation. Labor's representatives told the Massachusetts legislature: “A popular seller a few years ago was titled ‘Life Be gins at Forty,’ but today the jobs that enable one to enjoy life stop at 45. Due to medical science and improved stand ards of living, man’s life expectancy has increased 25 years in the last century. ‘Birthdays shouldn’t count,’ but they do and a man over 45 losing a job today has a difficult time se curing another position. In the case of women over 40, they find most employment opportunities closed. It is a crime and a disgrace to throw older workers on the economic scrap heap just because they are pushing 50.” Labor further pointed out: “A society that neglects the needs of its older workers is undermining its own stability. The recent development of pension plans has greatly accentuated the problem of find ing and holding jobs for older workers. Many companies are reluctant to hire a worker over 45 if they have to set aside sufficient funds to pay him a respectable pension at the age of 65. Other companies try to get rid of their older workers in order to avoid paying them a pension. “The seourity, maturity and stability of older workers are too valuable an asset to be wasted. Jobs are by far pre ferable to welfare and charity.” Nurses Wiser Than 'Organized Doctors' The night after the election, there was a big “party” in the offices of the "publicity agents” who handled the cam paign of the “Organized Doctors” against the national health insurance bill. Highballs and cocktails flowed freely, and “hang the cost.” The “publicity agents” anticipated a large increase in their $100,()00-a-year jay, because the election returns look ed bad for the bill. Were the “Organized Doctors” so wise, however, in their violent campaign against the measure? Wouldn’t they stand higher in public opinion, in the long run, if they followed the example of the American Nurses’ Association? This week, its official spokesman said: “We nurses should provide what the American people want. If they want a national health plan, our res|onsibility is to give them the best nursing we can.” AFL Publications In Demand A plug for our labor press-from a rather unexpected corner of tne world. Out of Bangkok, Thailand, Richard Deveral, an AFL representative who accompanied the Asian mission of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions on its re cent two-month survey of unionism and economics in Asia, was quoted in a dispatch to the New York Times as saying that the only printed matter received in many Asian coun tries, in addition to what pours in from Moscow, are the AFL publications. “Both in Pakistan and Burma, the de mand for AFL magazines and propaganda material is con siderable.” D^veral adds. ----f.---- JPattcr^ Herald PubiUlMd every Thuradey at East Liverpool, Ohio, by the N. B. of O. P.. owning and the Beet Trades Newspaper and Job Printing Plant in the State Cnterod at Poet Office, East Liverpool. Ohio, April 20, 1902. as second- .i matter. .“’Aoceited for mailing at Special Rates of Postage provided tor in Section 1109. Act of October 18. 1917, authorised August 20, 1918. OFFICEw N. B. ef O. P. BUILDING. W. SIXTH ST., BELL PHONE 575 HARRY L. GILL.--------------------- —-----—Editor and Business Managw On, Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada.------------------------------------52.00 4tRAPESiyr^7lCOUNOk Fuilfr-* Jm— M. Duffy, P. O. Box 762, East Liverpool,' Ohio Pint VH PrwMent L. Wheatley, Room 215. Broad Street. National Bank Build ina. Trenton 8. New Jersey Second Vice President Frank Hull. 5111 Pacific Blvd.. Huntington Park. CaHl Third Vice President..— James Slaven. Cannons Mills, East Liverpool, Ohio Fourth Vice President Charles Zimmer, 1045 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8, New Jersss Fifth Vice PmeIA*r* Arthur Devlin. 206 Ashmore Ave., Trenton, N. J. Bxth Vice President Frank Dales, 916 Alton St., East Liverpool, Ohio Seventh Vice President T. J. Desmond. 625 E. Lincoln Way, Minerva, Ohio l^hth Vice President———— Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street Newell. W. Va. Sectary-Treasurer Chas. F. Jordan, P. O. Box 762. East Live ol, Ohio GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE _________________________ M. J. LYNCH, W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL rnnnAkr vnrnERTrK r.T.VMN EHNEOT TORRENCE Manufacturer. -..... E. K. KOOS, H. M. WALKER, W. A. BETZ RKRT CLARK. DAVID BEVAN. CHAR JORDAN DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE ROBERT DIETZ. Sr.. W. A. BETZ. RAY BROOKES JAMES SLAVEN. OSCAR SWAN, ROSE STEWART Prices And Chiselers “What causes exorbitant prices?’’ “That’s easy,” quipped a Broadway comedian, “Exor bitant profits.” Of course, today’s soaring prices are not entirely ex plained away by that, but we have reason to believe there s a lot more than a grain of truth to it. Our belief is strengthened by the fact that altho no shortages yet exist in the vital commodities of life, prices are shooting ever skyward. And with those rising prices, the standard of living of salaried workers and wage earners has slipped or rather tumbled. The NAM crowd continues to tell us that supply and demand determines what price we shall pay. But since supply has remained almost intact, expanded in some in stances, and demand for essential living items is about the same, why have prices steadily climbed The answer obviously is speculation. And proof is that prices started their ride the minute news of the Korean out break flashed and before war purchasing could possibly hav^ had any effect on the market. The Communists no doubt are pleased with such war profiteering and chiseling. They know that it not only fans discontent among our people but also pours water on infla tion’s wheel, thus helping along one of their avowed aims— to wreck America economically and pave the way for a grow th of the Red virus. V. ‘SV No Cause For Despair The election results in the east and in other localities,/ where friends of the working people were beaten by Labor’s enemiep, give no real cause for despair. The results were not unexpected in informed Labor circles. }‘J Of this much we may be absolutely certain: Labor did* not vote its full strength. In fact, it is doubtful if half of»jgjt the men and women of Labor who could vote if they would* take the trouble, are registered. This is true because Labor K& has not organized for political action. If and when Labor does so organize, as it has done on the economic field, results will be far different. It may take another depression, how ever. Of course the enemies of Labor had the money and they1 spent it in huge chunks. In Ohio, where Taft passed the hat all over the country, untold millions were spent to reelect, him, and now, from what he says, he is going out to get even with the Unions. What happened in the last election is not so important after all. What is much more important is the lesson wej should have learned. If we did not learn it, we will do so J. later make no mistake about that. The enemies of the work ing people are determined to teach 'us the lesson, which is that to be successful, either as Unions or as political con tenders we must organize, organize! That is the key to the. situation. Organized Labor, after all, represents the hopes and ideals of the common people of America. Its sole purpose is to raise the living standards of the toilers. As such an( agency, it cannot be defeated, though it may be turned back again and again. Eventually, inevitably, Labor will win back its rights and the Tafts will not even be remembered. Thanks From The Railroads Government subsidies are pretty awful. So say the railroads of America. They conveniently overlook the fact that the Government subsidized the rail roads themselves in the 19th century by giving them out right one tenth of the land area of the United States. In return for that subsidy, the railroads agreed to hauls government freight free of charge. Then they got a bill through Congress which allowed them to charge the Gov ernment one half of their regular rates. z And in the 79th Congress, their buddies on Capitol Hill okayed a measure to let the rail lines charge Uncle Sam full freight fare. Worst of all, however, the railroad during World War II —and before the law had been changed allowing them to charge the U. S. full freight rates instead of half the fare— made the taxpayers pay twice as much for hauling guns and othei war equipment as was charged for hauling grain, say, or furniture. War material, said the railroads, was “special equip ment.” Thus, it should be shipped at a special price. That’s the way the railroads of the country have thank? ed their Government for giving them millions and millions of acres of land. Putting The Finger On Steel President Charles K. Wilson of General Motors said October 26 that the steel industry does not “have enough confidence in the country to expand adequately.” When a defender of Big Business such as the GM pres ident puts the finger on the steel industry like that, you know it has hit a new low. Time after time after time, government officials, armed forces leaders and industrial officials have pleaded with the steel barons to increase the capacity of their mills. Now we have it on the word of one of Big Business' high priests, Charles E. Wilson, that the steel industry has little confidence in the United States pf America. What a sorry commentary on the profits and patriotism of a powerful group of slick operators 1 Support, Broaden, Enforce Minimum wage laws which insure wages sufficient to Communist maintain workers at a minimum level of health and safety in keeping with the American way of life should be supported, broadened, and uniformly enforced. Public officials, labor, and management should serious ly consider all possible ways for establishing minimum wage standards for interstate workers which will be comparable to the 75 cents per hour minimum wage now effective for workers covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act. Not only is it important that workers be assured a minimum hourly wage sufficient to maintain them and their dependents, but it is also imixirtant to business and industry, and the general community that purchasing power be maintained. Labor's Friend, Gov. Williams, Is Reelected Gov. Mennen Williams of Michigan has been reelected. The official vote showed on November 14 a margin of 1,152 for Williams over former Gov. Harry Kelly. For a week after the election, as the vote was checked county by county, the lead see-sawed between Williams and Kelly. Williams, who was elected to his first term in 1948, was supported by organized labor and other liberal groups. Dur ing his first two years in office he made an outstanding pro gressive record. Kelly has asked a recount. But it is doubtful whether the recount will result in the defeat of Williams. Big Bank Talks Nonsense The Guarantee Trust Company of New York is one of the country’s biggest banks. Surely it can be relied on for sound economic advice. On the contrary, it talks nonsense. The latest “Survey” by this bank takes three pages of fancy language to say this: “Free enterprise” and “liberalism” produced our pre sent prosperity. Now the “Welfare State” threatens to des troy both liberalism and prosperity, and bring on depression. The Guarantee Trust finds it convenient to forget what it calls “free enterprise” and “liberalism” brought on the Hoover hunger and depression, and what it calls the “Wel fare State” produced the present prosperity. Something's Wrong About 'Hazard Pay' Congress should look into the question of “hazardous duty” pay in the armed forces. The army boys in Korea are “kicking” about it. They have done most of, the real fighting, and 24,565 of them have been killed and wounded, but they get no extra pay for hazardous duty.” In contrast, the Air Forde has had practically no opposi tion in the skies over Korea, and only 199 airmen have lost their lives or been injured in any way. Yet the “fly boys” get extra "hazardous duty” pay ranging from $30 to $120 a month, according to their rank. Incidentally, the enlisted man who gets the $30 takes the same risks as the officer who gets $120. THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO Sure, I ib Im* xepf thankful but I'm still after JHAJ,Wfcnl* LABOR WASHINGTON |byBRAOFORD V.CARTER E So Now We've Been O Saved From 'Trend To Socialism' Washington (LPA)—The country has been “saved from social ism.” The reactionaries have won the reactionaries have not won, tne isolationists are now in the saddle the election was a protest ag “labor dictation” McCarthyism won the “American way won. You pay you/ money and take your choice. There are as many explanations as there are “experts.” Dave Lawrence, whose syndicated column appears in the NY Her ald Tribune and Washington Star among other*, said the trend to ward the socialistic state” has been halted and the election was a definite turning of the tide.” But even better, the most encouraging aspect” was “the check applied to labor union politicians. Lawrence says that “what aroused genuine alarm was the effort on the part oi the unions to form political organizations to elect members ot con gress who would do their bidding?’ It is evidently okay to Lawrence for the American Medical Asso ciation to go into politics as it did on a major scale for the real estate interests to go into politics for the anti-labor lobbies to pour money to help the friejids of big business—but not for labor to enter the political arena. I j^wronce says “the survival of the free democratic was at stake. But a return to isolationism Not at all. Joseph and Stewart Alsop declare the election “has given immense new power and authority to the conservative, isolationist Republican group headed by Senator Taft.” They cite Taft’s record and add that “other members of the Taft group, like Capehart of Indiana anil Col. McCormick’s new friend, Dirksen of Illinois, may be counted on to go much further than Taft.” The NY Times denies that “reaction has won the day”, declares the election “does not mean even the temporary end of social reform and social progress,” but merely the “substitution of other methods. The Times sees “no evidence of ft swing toward isolationism.” The NY Herald Tribune says “extreme reaction” did not do so well either, and that the electorate said it wants a “middle-of-the-road policy, free from dictation by any of the great pressure groups or spending machines but that it has no intention of going back to 1920 to get it.” i Chairman Leonard W. Hall, of the National GOP Congressional Committee, says the election turned on two factors: “The desire of the public to elect officials of known integrity and honesty who believe in 1 the American system the resentment against the Administration’s coddling of Communists at home and the appeasement of Russia and China abroad.’ C—imunist China abroad. So here we are back with howling Joe McCarthy. Says the Wash ington Post: “Undeniably the particular form of demagoguery now commonly known as McCarthyism played an influential part in Tues day’s election results. McCarthyism may be defined as a reckless ex ploitation of popular anxiety about Communism.” Marquis Childs says that in every contest where the Truman Acheson foreign policy was a major factor, McCarthyism won. The Truman forces, he points out, took a worse beating than in 1946, for the technical control the Democrats will have in the 82nd Congress “will mean less than nothing,” gnd the Dixiecrat-GOP coalition will exercise the real authority. Arthur Krock, senior thinker of the NY Times, says that Truman was among the major real losers of the election, although he calls the McCarthy accusations Mwild.” As to labor’s role in the campaign, Kiock says “No more irre sponsible or dangerous attempt of one economic group to dominate all others has ever been made in this country, and the public interest was highly served by its failure.” The conservative Washington Star says the election was not a repudiation of our foreign policy, but an expression of dissatisfaction that “there can be no basic change in foreign policy, and certainly no good end would be served if the Republicans should succeed in hound ing Acheson out of office.” James Reston, the sartest writer working for the NY Times, says that “Many men who used the tactics of McCarthyism and won are un doubtedly ashamed of the blunt instruments used and will try to be more moderate in meeting their new responsibilities.” Reston says the people voted “a feeling of dissatisfaction, an uneasiness about the state of our affairs, a suspicion that maybe those in power weren’t managing the nation’s affairs as well as they might.” The suspicions, he continues, “have not been removed but have been increased by as ignoble a series of political tricks as this country has seen since the Al Smith campaign in 1928.” In all the Monday morning quarterbacking, in all the shouting, few have pointed out that: There is always a swing away from the party in power during mid-term elections that the swing back to the Republicans this time was not a violent as in past years that the Mc Carthy charges did poison people’s minds that the Republicans pour ed out millions to elect such as^Taft that prices are high and arising that the future is uncertain, and that the people are fearful of what tomorrow will bring. They voted their uncertainties and fears. —In Belfast, Northern Ireland, 50 girl employees of a bakery went on strike because the boss refused to let them sing at their work. Twenty-four hours later the employer surrendered and the girls went back uuder a compromise-agreement: they could hum if they wanted, and the ringing issue would be reopened in three months. —In Rochester, N. Y., AFL unions which had protested new fed eral restrictions on “amusement” building discovered that the govern ment’s order had been drawn so loosely that it threatened to stop construction of the city’s new Community War Memorial. —In Indianapolis, the AFL Teamsters signed a new contract with E. Bierhaus & Sons providing for an automatic wage increase if the U. S. or the United Nations should declare war against Russia. The first agreement of its kind, the contract specifies that if the war de claration comes during the first year of the contract with the Team sters the pay raise will be 4’£c an hour. Otherwise, employes will get a 2c increase on the anniversary date. Then, if war occurs during the second year of the contract, employes will receive an additional 2Mic an hour. In either case the raise is to be effective the day before any declaration of war. —In Manchester, England, union store clerks verified the result of a survey made jointly by union hat workers and a maniffacturcrs’ association. The study disclosed that, “It takes a man five to 10 min utes to buy a hat if he goes shopping alone 10 to 15 minutes if he goes with a girl friend and 30 to 40 minutes if he goes with his wife. —In Washington, D. C., the Bell Telephone monopoly issued a statement claiming that “The telephone business is an outstanding example of a business democracy.” The claim was made just as a group of U.S. Congressmen were preparing to blast Bell for its un democratic refusal to bargain in good faith with its organized em ployes. BEHIND THE HEADLINES— s! Thursday, November 23, 1950 —In Sioux City, Iowa, striking bakery workers founds after tv months that they were losing ground because they hadn’t succeeded getting the issue to the public. They bought full-page newspaper ads out that didn’t help. They bought radio time but that didn help either. They were ready to give up when one day one of the union men was followed to the picket line by his beaglepup. As they walked back and forth another picket scrawled a miniature picket sign on a piece oi cardboard and tied it on the pooch’s back. Tne pooch didn like it and promptly laid down and wouldn’t budged. A few moments later the city’s most notorious racketeer jumped out of his car, raced across the sidewalk toward the bakery entrance and stepped heavily on the beagle’s tail. The beagle yowled and streaked down the street past the booth of an elderly lady who was soliciting contributions for the Hu mane Society. She called a policeman, charged the racketeer with cruelty to animals, and the next day the story made page 1 headlines. Jumping at the chance, a union official visited the bakery owner and suggested that maybe the management wouldn’t like to be accused of having a gangster clientele. The strike was settled in a hurry, with, a new contract and L5c pay raise, but only the cooler heads among the bakery workers blocked a motion to make the beagle an honorary member of the union. —In Sydney, Australia, a newspaper publisher proved court how desperate the country is for skilled and unskilled workers. Alex ander Grivas, the publisher, was threatened with a $11,000 suit by an actor. Grivas told the court he had apologized personally to the actor but didn’t dare print a retraction because his linotype operator had written the story. Almost with tears in his eyes he explained that if he printed the retraction the linotype man might get mad and quit, and the chances were nearly impossible to find another linotyper. The un derstanding judge found in favor of the actor but ordered the publish er only to pay 85c damages. —In Concord, New Hampshire the Nov. 7 elections produced the screwiest political problem that AFL and CIO leaders have come across in the history of the state’s labor movement. New Hampshire law provides that every town, no matter how small, is entitled to a representative in the state legislature at least once every 10 years. This year it was the tum of the little town of Livermore. But the labor leaders discovered that Livermore no longer has any permanent year round residents eligible to vote. —In Buenos Aires Dictator Peron decreed that no newspapers could be published on a day he personally designated as “Newsboy Day.” The newsboys had a holiday but an illegally published nevw sheet produced by their own members reminded them that gnothl| decree—this one by the Dictator’s wife—took another day’s pay away from them each year for Madame Peron’s own “private charities.” —In New York City, CIO and AFL brewery unions decided they’d made a mistake in forgetting the amazing success of the Book-of-the Month Cub when they learned about the organization of the Beer-of the-Month Club. The BOTM club promises to send subcribers from coast to coast a different foreign beer each month, starting with seven Bavarian beers and one brew from Denmark as the first shipments. —In Boston, Mass., AFL and CIO leaders who have for years ad vocated increased old-age benefits puzzled over the mixup left by voters on Nov. 7. Massachusetts citizens balloted heavily in favor of a plan to boost old-age benefits by $54,060,000 a year but in the same balloting defeated a lottery proposal designed to raise the funds. The new governor has only six months to figure out some way of obeying the mandate. —In New York City, Dr. Murray L. Miller told a meeting of the American Management Ass’n that business executive proved them selves practically dopes in reading tests, showing ability to read only about 300 to 350 words a minute when they should be able to read 600. An official of the International Association of Machinists quickly pointed out that this half-blindness by executives was a cultivated talent, especially when it came to reading the clauses in a union con tract dealing with grievance machinery. —In Washington, D. C., two national newspaper columnists who had claimed that PAC had “thrown $2,000,000” into the Ohio election refused to comment on a sworn report filed with the US House of Representatives showing that PAC had spent a total of $460,242 across the entire nation. —In Moscow, the Soviet radio denounced Henry Wallace as a “political businessman” and an “enemy of humanity” after the Nov. 7 election in which candidates running on the third party ticket—which Wallace founded and deserted—got less than one-third the number of votes Wallace got two years ago. Real Spelling For 'States Rights' Is O.I-L S, By IRVING FAGAN & CUSHMAN REYNOLDS For Labor Press Association Washington (LPA)—Things are seldom what they seem. Take the States’ Rights-Dixiecrat group which is expected to be the ruling force in the new Congress. Two years ago, the Dixiecrats took on some of the trappings of a political party. They even had a presidential candidate who carried four states. Technically, however, they were and are members of the Democratic party, spokesmen for the “Solid South.” And what was all the shouting and politicking about Supposed ly it was about Truman’s civil rights proposals whereby Negroes in the South and elsewhere would be freed from some of the shackles which still bind them. But in point of fact there’s a good deal more to the Dixiecrat movement than ingrained white southern opposition to FEPC, however important the FEPC issue may be to millions of Negro Americans. Fact is, behind the Dixiecrat movement youll find the oil busi ness, the big oil companies which are not owned in the Old South but in New York, Philadelphia, Cleveland and other big cities of the North What the oil companies want is control of the oil that lies under water off the shores of the Gulf States and California. They think they can win control through a strong States’ Rights movement. This, of course, is the “tidelands oil” issue. The oil companies want the states to control that offshore petroleum on the theory tn.? they can run the state governments, fatten their pockets with new oil profits. But the Supreme Court has ruled against the states, then retaining for the US Department of the Interior full responsibility for the development, not to mention the conservation, of tue wealth. The Interior Department has been virtually incorruptible or matters since the lid was blown off Teapot Dome in the early 20’s. State governments are another matter. Let Congress enact legi. lat transferring tidelands control to the states, and guess who will be running Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and California?—ud that the oil companies don’t have a good deal to say in those to. anyway. So when you hear that the Dixiecrats will rule the roost this winter, remember that the oil monopolists of the North are the ones who really are waving the Confederate flag. The appeal to white Southern prejudices, which already are weakening here and there, strictly a blind so far as the oil men in plush New York and Pittsburg offices are concerned. In “The Pursuit of Plenty,” a new study of basic resources, auth or A. G. Mezerik sums up the situation this way: “From the point of view of the oil companies the perpetuation of the present malleable governments in the southern states and the changing of the federal legislation on the tidelands are a m- essity. Therefore, the Dixiecrat party has been the instrument by which the Congressmen of the Dixie states were welded into a bloc— not at all for the well-publicized purpose of electing the presidential candidate of the Dixiecrat party, out to deal with the main is^u'* in Congress in the future. The oilmen, through southern Senators and Representatives, plan to pass a law in the federal Congress, the gist of which will be to make the nation cough up its resources and deliver them back to the separate states. “The oil men—operating through the States’ Rights party—did not elect a President of the United Stages but they have already won their first objective.’ Congressmen who supported the Dixiecrats, plus allies from California, now constitute a monolithic states’ rights nloc which will be as useful to special interests as it is harmful to the gen eral welfare. In the oil men’s battle to capture the tidelands, the no bloc—forged in the 1948 election and already pledged to remain ganized—can hope to carry Congress, if not by themselves then in re turn for benefits to other equally selfish coalitions representing rail roads, stockmen, or the ever-present power company opposition to regional development. “All of which has nothing whatever to do with civil rights or social equality for Negroes, opposition to both of which were the only advertised reasons for the creation of the States’s Right party—and the only ‘fight’ it cares to admit.” Mezerik wrote the above passage before the 1950 elections chang ed the Dixiecrats’ tenuous hold on Congress into what probably amounts to a Full Nelson. What happens next you’ll begin to see in January when the 82nd Congress convenes. The protests of liberal Representatives and Senators may tum out to be faint cries in the wilderness.