OCR Interpretation

The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, November 30, 1950, Image 4

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1950-11-30/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

SP^' ■'flT w
®lje JPotfers Herold
Published «very Draraday at East Liverpool, Ohio, by the N. B. of O. P.. owning and
operating the Beet Trades Newspaper and Job enting Plant tn the State
»t Poet nffiea. East Liverpool. Ohio. Avril 20, 1002, as second-class matter.
s Accepted for mailing at Special Rates of Po.uge provided for in Section HOT,
Act of October 18, 1917, authorised August 20, 1918.
iyraery U my-t. —Editor and Business Manager
qm Tear to Any Part of the United States or Canada..-----------------------------------2.00
President James M. Duffy, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio
First Vico President—E. L. Wheatley, Room 215, Broad Street, National Bank Build
ing, Trenton 8, New Jersey ...
Becond Vice President Frank Hull, 6111 Pacific Blvd., Huntington Park. Calif.
Third Vico President James Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Liverpool, Ohio
Fourth Vice President—Charles Zimmer, 1045 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8, New Jeraav
Fifth Vice ... Arthur Devlin, 205 Ashv-'ire Ave.. Trenton, N. J.
Sixth Vice President. Frank Dales, 915 Alton East Liverpool, Ohio
Seventh Vice President———T. J. Desmo I 625 E. Lincoln Way, Minerva. Ohio
EpSh Vico Preaident— Joshua wick, Grant Street, Newell, W. Va.
Bamtary-Tieasurw Chas. F. Jo rd an, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio
Manufacturm _________________M. J. LYNCH, W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL
_____________. E. K. KOOS, H. M. WALKER. W. A. BETZ
■MmnawurwrF ________JAM SLAVEN, Of~lR SWAN, ROSE STEWART
Public Relations For Labor
Sound suggestions for building good will toward organ
ized labor were made at a recent conference on “Public Re
lations for Labor,” at Waukegan, Ill. The conference was
sponsored by the Lake County Trades and Labor Council
and conducted by the University of Illinois Institute 01
Labor and Industrial Relations and Division of University
Committees of the conference made several recommen
dations and suggestions, with particular reference to the
Waukegan area but applicable to other communities, rhe
recommendations were:
(1) Public relations begins at home. The first job is an
educational one with union members, not only in getting
them to understand and participate in their own unions, but
in knowing about other unions in the labor movement.
(2) A speakers bureau. A union might exchange speak
fits with other unions and with other groups in the commun
(3) Labor representatives in civic agencies. Labor men
should be on the governing boards of community welfare
agencies, the school board, and other local bodies.
Other suggestions included inviting the clergy to union
meetings, setting up a booth at the county fair to show union
men and women at work, and to pass out union literature
sending the local labor paper, The Lake County Labor News,
to other than union members in the community. It was also
suggested that unions select a member to regularly attend
meetings of the city council and report back to the member
The recommendations and suggestions add up to a prac
tical program of good will promotion, designed to gain gen
eral public support of labor’s economic and legislative ob
jectives and generally to increase labor’s prestige.
WaH Street's Neat Trick
Remember how congress promised to pass a thumping
excess profits tax right after election? Yes, that was the
promise the boys made to the people. Now get ready for the
big double-cross. The cost of this war and the cost of pre
paredness is not going to come out of excessive profits. In
stead, Wall Street has a trick to make the public pay it all.
An excess profit is one alxive and beyond reason. It is
a profit based on selfishness and opportunity. It is a profit
eered profit. When it is a war profit, as at present, there is
blood on it—the blood of the young men who have given
their lives or are yet to die in Korea.
When excessive profits, war profits, blood profits are
taxed so th^ a large percentage goes to the government to
pay the costof this war, there is nothing that the big fellows
in Wall street can do about it. That is why they have come
Up with their little scheme.
What the Wall street patriots are now proposing is to
increase the general tax on corporations and business, big
and little, whether they have done any profiteering or not.
Such taxes can and will be passed along to the public. Big
business will pay nothing at all the public will pay it all.
But, Wall Street goes even farther. It proposes also to
boost the income taxes of the little people, the working men
and women, another five percent.
Nothing ever proposed by Wall street in the past has
ever been so completely swinish and selfish as this new
scheme. But, don’t bet any money that this new congress
will not pass it.
Nurses' Group Won't Support
AMA Lobby
The American Nurses’ Association has pledged its ser
vices to all the people instead of to the American Medical
Association’s (AMA) lobby against national health insur
The AMA drew up a resolution condemning health in
surance as “socialized medicine.” If the AMA thought the
nurses would support them in a campaign to defeat an ade
quate health plan, they were wrong. The nurses rejected
the resolution.
Secretary Ella Best of the nurses’ organization said,
“We should provide what the American people want and
need and if they want a compulsory health plan, our respon
sibility is to give them the best nursing we can.”
Voluntary Measures Will Work
Our experience in World War II showed that a massive
mobilization and reallocation of manpower is possible
through voluntary measures. As needs develop in local areas
we may expect to reestablish machinery for the stabiliza
tion of employment, the control of new hiring, and the full
est utilization of workers already on the job.
We must recruit labor in one locality for service in an
other, develop suitable training programs, and stimulate the
transfer of workers from less essential industries to defense
The President has given the Department of Labor Ixiard
responsibilities in the manpower field. It is my intention in
carrying out these resppnsibilities to consult widely with
responsible labor and management officials, to draw ujxm
the valuable manpower experience gained in W orld War II,
and to utilize as fully as possible every resource of the De
partment of Labor and other agencies, both federal and state,
whose actions or advice may help us.
Dollars Are Weapons
Now that our nation has embarked upon a program aim
ed at strengthening its defenses, we must develop every ef
fective weapon of defense we can. Our dollars—although not
all of us realize it—are one of the most important weapons
in our arsenal. Used carelessly, they will fight against us.
Used wisely, they will fight for us.
Our dollars must accomplish two important objectives.
They must finance our national defense effort, and they must
keep our nation, our families, and ourselves, strong and se
cure. The dollars we invest regularly in U. S. Savings Bonds
accomplish both objectives.
The dollars we invest regularly in U. S. Savings Bonds
finance our national defense effort and help to keep our na
tion economically strong and secure. These dollars also help
provide for our families’ future security.
After all, America is a nation of families, and our na
tional strength and security is the sum total of the strength
and security of our families. Anything we do to increase
their security and the security of each individual American
increases the security of our nation.
The converse of that is also true. The security of our
families and ourselves depends upon the strength of the na
tion. Anything we do to make our nation stronger also
makes us stronger and more secure.
Across our nation a special effort is being made to ask
every American to invest regularly in U. S. Savings Bonds.
We join that effort, and, as our contribution, urge every
one of you who can possibly do so to buy Savings Bonds
Progress In Workmen's Compensation Laws
Encouraging reports on the improvement of workmen’s
compensation legislation is contained in the U. S. Labor De
partment’s Bureau of Labor Standards Bulletin No. 125,
“State Workmen’s Compensation Laws as of September,
The bulletin says that outstanding in 1949 state legis
lation was the trend toward liberalization of benefits and
full coverage of occupational'diseases instead of coverage
of only a few of the diseases.
Almost all of the legislatures which met during 1949
enacted measures to improve workmen’s compensation laws.
The U. S. Civil Employees’ Act was liberalized also in 1949.
The changes in the benefit provisions of this act have made
it one of the most advanced workmen’s compensation laws
in the world. In 1950, the trend toward improving these
laws was continued.
Limited copies of this bulletin may be obtained from
the Bureau of Labor Standards, U. S. Department of Labor,
Washington 25, D. C., so long as the free supply lasts.
How Times Change
The street car or elevated man of 40 years ago would
have dropped his jaw in disbelief if anyone had tried to tell
him that some day members of Divisions 241 and 308, Amal
gamated Association of Street, Electric Railway and Motor
Coach Employees, would collect more than $3,000,000 in
benefits in a single year!
That is exactly what happened in 1949. Members of
our 2 divisions received a total of $3,076,131.90 through pen
sion payments, death claims, accident and health claims, 7
day sick pay and hospital and surgery insurance payments.
Forty years ago there were no such things. Forty years
ago your board member considered himself quite a success
if he could get a washroom installed in a station, and could
keep himself from getting fired for union activity!
In those days there was no security of any kind. A man
worked from 4 a. m. until as late as midnight. He slept on a
bench in the barn and was available for duty at any time of
the day or night. He worked in the open, biting wind of
winter and sweltered in 90-degree temperatures in the sum
mer. He was paid 17 cents an hour for a 16 or 20 hour day
and was glad to get it.
Times, happily, have changed.
Best Way To Fight Communism
Sound counsel was recently given by Hugh II. Clegg,
assistant director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation,
representing J. Edgar Hoover, in speaking at the New York
Herald Tribune forum. “The private citizen,” he said, “can
best assist in the fight against communism by working to
make democracy stronger.” He pointed out that, the suc
cesses of communism, in the final analysis, “can be measur
ed by the weaknesses of democracy. Prejudice, bigotry,
and intolerance have no place in America.”
Clegg urged the individual citizen to “give attention to
the Presidential directive designating the FBI as the clear
ing house of subversive information and report promptly.
without conducting personal investigations, any information
coming into his possession concerning espionage, sabotage
and subversive activities.”
Of the FBI’s role in investigating communism, Clegg
made the following statement, which is reassuring to every
believer in democratic liberties and civil rights:
“We are interested in deeds and acts, not thoughts and
opinions. ... In a democratic society an individual can think
what he will he has the right to think freely and with
out coercion.”
Most trade unionists don’t own any stock they never
receive any dividends to help them stretch out the money in
their pay envelopes.
But they can perhaps lie excused if they pause, now
and then, to look over the official figures showing how much
money people who do own stocks receive in corporate divid
The Department of Commerce reports that in Septem
ber, the latest month for which figures are available, U. S.
corporations paid out some $1,920,000,006 in dividends. That
is an increase of 60 per cent over the dividends paid out in
September a year ago.
How many people own the stocks upon which these
enormous dividends are paid? Here are some more figures,
taken from official Government sources:
One per cent of the population receives 65 per cent of
all dividends paid to individuals. The next four per cent gets
12 j)er cent of all dividends. All others—95 per cent of the
population—gets only 23 per cent of the dividends.
Prolonging Work Life
rITic most stimulating factor in the life of all workers is
self-deiendence, and the opportunity to work maintains this
stimulus as long as ability to work exists. Retirement pro
visions should take care of the remaining years of life.
There is developing concern for older workers on the
part of communities and other agencies. It is important that
this concern follow' the practical line of increasing oppor
tunities for employment and improvements in placing work
ers and shifting their employment so as to prolong the per
iod of work expectancy, so that a happy old age may be a
reality and not a rarely attained ideal.
"Angle Bells!"
Industry's Failure To EtfpCind Means
Shortage Of Defense Materials
For Labor Press Association
Washington (LPA)—Steel is short. Sojs aluminum. So are cop
per and perhaps oil and a dozen other things. There even is talk of
a shortage of electric power—and if they fry to expand aluminum pro
duction electric power is the first thing they have to have.
But, you ask, how can these things be? Isn’t America the great
est nation in the world? Didn’t we build all those ships and planes
and tanks and rifles and bullets and jeeps for World War II? The
answer, of course, is ‘‘Yes” both times. But the shortages afe there,
Fact is, America’s potential has barely been scratched. If the
energy and materials potentially available to Americans could really
be put to use there woud be few shortages to worry about. And the
vaunted American standard of living would soar to new levels. But
the shortsightedness and greed of the owners and managers of indus
trial America have made the shortages inevitable. The result is on
the financial page if not the front page of your morning newspaper.
President Ben Fairless, the blustering president of the United
States Steel Corporation, made no bones about the situation the other
day in a speech delivered in Los Angeles. There’s enough steel, he
said boldly, enough to meet minimum needs. You know what “min
imum needs” means, don’t you? It means there’s not enough steel for
the defense effort without cutting civilian production to the bone, if
Fairless bragged about Big Steel’s expansion plans—which will
bring more steel two long years from now. But he failed to remind
his listeners that back in January 1949 President Truman threatened
to put the government in the steel-making business if the private
makers didn’t enlarge their capacity.
In a probing little book chlled The Pursuit of Plenty, A. G. Mez
erik sums up the situation rather neatly by writing:
“The leaders of the rear guard who hold the world back by stunt
,ing industrial capacity apply their individualistic code to the unfetter
ed exploitation of the raw resources from which they make their fin
ished products, refusing to accept responsibility for the conservation
of those resources no matter how essential they are to the country or
the world. This is the oldest form of industrial backwardness, familiar
to all in every colony and indeed in our own South and West. The new
er form, so evident in the privately owned electrical industry, in oil,
and as the President pointed out so sharply, in steel, is the refusal to
expand mills and factories, keeping those purposely to a capacity less
than public interest demands so that markets, prices, and profits can
be easily controlled. The policies for these industries are uniform, de
cided by a small group of bankers whose essential interest is to make
all the products and services which they control yield assured high
profits. The men who operate the industries carry out these policies
whether it goes against their grain or not.”
Mezerik repeatedly brands oil, steel and the public utilities as the
“trinity” which holds the reins and cracks the whip over the present
day economy. (Actually, they sometimes seem to crack the whip over
each other despite the way their directorates interlock. The oil busi
ness is having a tough time these days obtaining the steel it needs
for pipe. The railroads, pretty well ti^d to steel, are having an equally
tough time laying their hands on enough steel to build the new cars
they need to haul the raw materials and finished products of the de
fense program. Ironically, it was to the American Petroleum Institute
to whom Ben Fairless spoke in Los Angeles. He had to talk pretty
fast to get around that steel pipe situation. In the end, he tried to
blame the shortage on the unions—for striking.)
Mezerik wrote his book before Korea made military production
our first concern. Consequently, he thought in terms of bridges, high
ways, irrigation projects, dams, factories, fertilizers and hundreds of
items other than tanks, planes and bombs. If you were to develop the
sprawling Missouri Valley, for instance, he says there must be plenty
of steel available at prices free from “monopolistic restrictions.” And
there must be plenty of aluminum, copper and other things. Yet, he
insists, “In this entire country, there is not a single locality with suf
ficient excess electric power to install one additional aluminum fac
Dewey Anderson, executive director of the Public Affairs Insti
tute, reaches very similar conclusions by following a somewhat differ
ent route. Commenting on the post-Korean aluminum situation the
other day, Anderson said the 35 percent cutback which has been order
ed in civilian consumption of aluminum is no solution at all. The real
solution, he said, would be expansion of production—by about 70 per
cent—and elimination of monopoly pricing by the industry’s “big
three”. And to expand it would be necessary to develop low-cost pow
er projects wherever possible. Why couldn’t they have been developed
Now they’re talking about expansion of aluminum and of steel—
and of other things. But somehow, there’s never much talk until a
defense program makes it necessary. And the trouble with a defense
program is that neither a submarine nor a six-motored bombing plane,
necessary as both may be, can have much positive effect on national
wealth or living standards. And even in the present situation, you
read where the barons of big business are saying there’s plenty of
power, plenty of this, plenty of that. Sometimes you wonder whether
the rear guard ever will learn.
—In Cayenne, French Guiana, union merchant seamen who had
been fined for shooting ducks from shipboard forced the ship owners to
give them a new contract promising that the company would pay the
fines to the government any time a seaman was apprehended shooting
down a duck. In return the union agreed that ducks would be cooked
for the entire crew, including officers.
—In Saigon, Indo-Chirta, union butchers walked into a meeting of
their employers’ association and demanded a new contract with huge
wage increases and vacation pay. After three days’ negotiations the
union men whittled down their demands to a small pay hike and the
entrials of the animals they butchered. The last demand didn’t make
sense to the bosses but they were so eager to avoid a large wage in
crease they signed up quickly. What they didn’t know was that tho
entrails were worth more than the original wage demand, because the
butchers for months had been finding little gold nuggets in the giz
zards of chickens.
—In San Francisco, Calif., a bum arrested for begging handouts
in union halls was found to have forged membership cards in 16 dif
ferent unions in his hip pocket. He had worked the racket for five
years until he asked for a $2 loan from a man he met at a bar near a
union hall. He pulled the wrong card out of his pocket and didn’t know
until he reached the police station that his bar acquaintance was the
secretary-treasurer whose name he had forged to the card.
—In Moscow, Russia, the Soviet radio suggested that Americans
give the U S. back to the Indians. Only response came from a group
of American Reds on a reservation near Leavenworth, Kan., who asked
the government not to send the 11 convicted New York Reds to
Leavenworth Penitentiary because they “might stink up the prairies.”
—In London, England, British trade unions, which elected the
present Labor Government, proved that they weren’t inclined to let
down their guard. The Journal of the National Union of Railwaymen
warned that “The Labor Party is now becoming so ’respectable’ that
it attracts people into it who would not have been seen dead there a
decade or so ago.”
»,• Jv
Thursday, November 30, 1950
—In New York City, deeper plunging necklines and shorter skirts
were predicted as one of the more conspicuous results of a U. S. econ
omy devoted increasingly to national defense. A. W. Zelomek, presi
dent of the International Statistical Bureau, forecast that in the near
future: “Males themselves soon will be listed among the scarcities.
When that shortage develops, women will pay more attention to at
tracting the men left—and you’ll see the evidence in the depth of the
neckline and in the length of the skirt. Scantier garments necessitated
by cost factors fit in directly with the greater importance of sex at
traction in this period.”
—In Wilkes-Barre, Pa., 160 soft coal miners were so happy to see
a union-hating mine manager drafted into the Army that they almost
threw a party in celebration. They didn’t, but six weeks later they
threw a terrific binge after getting a letter from one of their union
brothers who found himself in the same boot-camp with the churlish
ex-manager. The letter gleefully reported that the anti-labor straw
boss had been assigned to shovelling coal into the camp’s huge power
—In Washington, D. C., while thousands of telephone operators
around the country were out on strike, operators at headquarters of
the Communications Workers—which called the strike—were working
twice as hard as usual. And in St. Paul, Minn., CWA-CIO strikers
chalked up an historic “first” in picketing a telephone pole success
fully. When the pickets appeared a cable-splicing crew refused to
finish a job already started at the top of the pole.
—In Portland, Ore., union clerks in the city’s chain grocery stores
started wondering just how crazy the capitalist system can get. A
price war between grocers forced nationally advertised brands of
coffee down to 14c below listed wholesale prices, as low as 63c a pound.
Then, as though to prove how berserk economics can go, 23 Red &
White stores announced they would buy back the same brands at 75c
a pound. Explained Red & White executives, “It will give our cus
tomers extra Christmas money and at the same time bring us coffee at
less than current wholesale costs.”
—In Paris, France, anti-Communist labor editors happily reprint
ed a famous quotation from Stalin to the effect that “There is no con
nection between the Soviet Government and the Communist Parties of
other countries” after Stalin had sent a special Russian plane and a
medical specialist to France to pick up Maurice Thorez, French Com-i
munist leader, who was scheduled for treatment in Moscow after a
—In Newark, N. J., officials of the Electrical Workers kept book
on the number of electrical manufacturing executives who went around
the country before the Nov. 7 election pleading for a Republican Con
gress which would “cut government spending and purchases to the
bone.” The day after election they discovered that one government
agency had purchased a supply of light bulbs sufficient to last 93
years. If the government had cancelled the contract one big firm would
have gone bankrupt. It had just started to manufacture a light bulb
guaranteed to last seven years.
—In Hong Kong, one of two British ports remaining on the Chin
ese mainland, union printers and journalists rejoiced at news from
Red-occupied Canton that copies of their newspaper containing Pres
ident Truman’s San Francisco speech had been smuggled into the city
and sold for as high as $1.65 a copy.
—In Great Neck, N. Y., a “girl-power” shortage hit the com
munity much harder than the lack of man-power as a housewife ad
vertised for a maid and offered $5000 a year for the girl with the
proper qualification. All that was required was that the girl be a high
school graduate, under 30, in good health, single, at least 5 feet 4
inches tall, have a good telephone voice and be able to drive a car.
—In Washington, D. C., the NLRB slapped down anti-union em
ployers who deny earned vacation pay to discharged employees be
cause the union contract doesn’t specifically protect them.
E Cold, Hard Figures
O Don't Disturb Dream
Of Real Estate Boys
Washington (LPA)—The real estate boys either like to drftam, or
their greed is so great that even cold figures mean nothing. It’s OK
to try to kid the public, but these boys even kid themselves. The moral
for the public is to believe nothing they say, for evidently the truth is
not in them.
The core of the landlords’ lobby is known officially as the Nation
al Association of Real Estate Boards (NAREB for short). The asso
ciation puts out a weekly publication called “Headlines”, and subtitled
“Real Estate’s News Letter For Today and Tomorrow.”
Robert P. Gerholz, of Flint, Mich., president of NAREB, sounded
off in the Nov. 6 issue of “Headlines” about “an unpublicized meeting
to reorganize his lobby”, of Federal Housing Expediter Tighe E.
Woods. Mr. Gerholz went on: “Strategy of the propaganda drive, Mr.
Woods was reported to have disclosed, would be to work up and pub
licize ‘horror stories’ about the shortage of housing around newly
activated military camps, even though they may be only temporary
training establishments.”
That’s piece of hooey No. 1. Long before this Woods meeting,
Frank Edwards, A FL radio commentator, had been citing i. sk~. e
after instance of cruel gouging of soldiers around newly-activated
camps. LPA had carried a number of stories, giving figures, quoting
camp commanders. Also, so “unpublicized” was the meeting that the
United Press ticker carried an advance announcement.
Mr. Gerholz had more. “Glossed over at the meeting,” he went
on, “was the fact that only four of the 20, largest cities have seen fit
to vote for extension of federal control beyond Dec. 31. In fact, the
city council of the fourth largest city, Los Angeles, voted last July to
end federal control there, but Tighe Woods. within the last few days
rejected the council resolution. Mr. Woods’ insulting letter to the
city council by which he rejected their action has so stirred up that
West Coast City that the council has passed resolutions sent to Pres
ident Truman and the Attorney General demanding an investigation
and rectification.”
That’s hooey No. 2. There is no mention of the reason Woods gave
in the Los Angeles case—the fast one pulled by the landlords. There’s
no mention of the fact that the Tenants’ Council fought the decontrol
action through four different courts. There’s no mention of the fact
that in the latest court decision, the Judge regretfully ruled against
Woods, but declared that “the equities seem to be with the tenants.”
Mr. Gerholz’ bilge appeared in the Nov. 6 issue of “Headlines,’/
The very next day, the people had a chance to vote on rent control
not through city councils that have pawns of the landlords’ lobby, but
through referendums. And the people spoke out loud—for continuing
In Massachusetts, voters in 265 towns including Boston with a
combined population of 4,620,000, voted for continuing controls 37
towns, with a total population of 35,000, voted against. In Rhode
Island, 32 towns (including Providence) with a total population of
768,000, voted for continuing rent controls. In Vermont, four towns
with 60,000 people voted for controls. In New Jersey eight towns with
55,000 population voted to keep rent lids on. In South Harrison the
issue lost, 49-47.
Shamokin, Pa., had learned the hard way. Its town council had
decontrolled last year, and the landlords jumped rents. When the
people had a chance at the Nov. 7 election, they voted 4558 to 1750 for
The week before (in fact during the same week that Mr. Gerholz
blew his top) three of the nation’s larger cities—Philadelphia, St. Louis
and Pittsburgh, with a total population’of 3,589,000—had voted for
But “Headlines”, in its post-election issue, dated Nov. 13, said ‘V
Need Here for Rent Control’ was the refrain from all parts of t\
country, as experienced realtors comprising NA REB’s Economic
Roundtable responded to the recent query as to the rental housing sit
uation in their respective communities. Replies represented areas both
decontrolled and still under restriction, and exposed the hollowness of
the propaganda drive of Housing Expediter Woods and labor unions
in an effort to extend control at the special session of Congress.”
Well, Mr. Gerholz and his greedy little pals either didn’t read
the election returns did read them and don’t believe them live in a
dream world or in their publication believe they can talk themselves
into something that isn’t so.
We hate to break into the beautiful dream, but US News & World
Report, a publication edited by that “super-radical” David Lawrence,
in its issue of Nov. 17, discussing rent control, in answer to a question
“Do rents go up when control ends”, says: “Yes, in most cases. Some
times there is only a moderate rise in rent levels when control ends
but in other instances there have been sharp increases bn some dwell
ings and apartments that were removed from rent control.”

xml | txt