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Head of UAW Urges One Agency For All Controls Washington (LPA)—We demon strated free labor could out-pro duce slave labor last time, “and we are prepared to do the same again.” So declared Walter Reuther, pres ident of the United Auto Workers, before a Senate-House “watchdog” committee on defense production Dec. 7. The job can’t be done, though, he said, unless we get a more sensible mobilization and economic control program than we have now. Reuther appeared on behalf of more than a million members to protest Regulation W, the ruling curbing installment buying of autos, refrigerators and other items. The Federal Reserve Board clamped the controls on as an anti inflationary measure. They requir ed one-third down and only 15 months to pay, for auto purchases. The American economy can be the decisive factor in the world struggle, Reuther declared. “We must discuss Regulation W or any other aspect of mobilization in the total economic picture.” To rely on credit controls as a major anti inflationary weapon would be dis astrous, he said. Such a shot-in-the-dark approach is no substitute for price control, and is typical of the way the whole mobilization program is being run, he said. All economic controls should be centralized “in one agency,” he de clared. Reminded by Senator Bur net Maybank (D, SC) that W. Symington b~~ authority as an “o\.r-all coormnator,” Reuther ex pressed respect for Symington, but described him as a “sort of glori fied grievance committee member.” He should be able to “direct” the economic program, Reuther main tained. The auto union chief presented a detailed mobilization program cov ering production needs, resources, civilian controls, conversion, prior ities and allocations, manpower, credit controls, price controls, rent cgntrols, and taxation. As an example of the present disastrous confusion, he said, auto production will have to be cut 30 percent next year because of gov ernment orders cutting back*civil ian use of aluminum. Officials at Ford told him, he said, that they would have to lay off 40,000 work ers. The auto industry could use 40 percent scrap aluminum, he said, and it would more than make up the difference. Thousands of ob solete airplanes are sitting in the desert, and nobody is doing any thingabout utilizing them, Reuth er charged. “Those planes are use I less as aircraft but contain many materials that could be used other places.” Reuther said he tried in vain to get government officials to auth orize dismantling of the planes for aluminum scrap and pledged him self to comb Washington until he found the agency that could do it. This illustrates the need for a con trol coordinating agency, he point cd out. Another solution to the imm diate problem has been promised him by National Production Auth ority chief William H. Harrison, Reuther said. He asked Harrison to issue end-use orders on alum inum, instead of relying on the meat-ax across-the-board order now in effect. Automobiles are not a luxury for workers who must drive to defense plants thirty miles from their homes, Reuther declared. We’ie There IS a DIFFERENCE When ordering flowers be as sured of fresh beauty—plus—an added touch of floral design Phone 439 where every order receives the individual attention of a floral expert. When ordering flowers be GOLDEN'S Flowers IN OLDEST FLORAL SERVICE EAST LIVERPOOL Established by CHAL PETERSON—1885 137 WEST SIXTH STREET Phone Main 439 -........ in worse shape for transportation now than we were before the last war, he said. The average age of a car is now 8’z years, he pointed out. In 1941, the average age was only 5Ms years. Many of the cars on the road now will wear out be fore the present emergency is over. You can’t meet this sort of down to earth problem by ivory-tower manipulating of credits. “The only way to control prices is to control prices.” Under loopholes in the present law, food processors can escape price controls, he pointed out. “The fellow in between milks the con sumer on one end and the farmer on the other. This, he said, make tile consumer captivity that ends.” “the only cow in gives milk on both be controlled right Rents must now- or “we will have serious war housing problems in big industrial centers,” he warned. When Sen. Homer Capehart (R, Ind.) sang a hearts-and-flowers tune for “the small property owners,” Reuther retorted that he is “all for protect ing the little fellow, but not for using him as a front for the big apartment house owners.” Not only prices, but the quality of goods must be controlled, the union official held. Under Section 709 of the present law, he pointed out, “before a price can be set you have to talk to the fellow who pro duces it and the fellow who sells it. Not a word about the fellow who buys it.” “The steel industry pulled the trigger on this chain reaction in flation,” he said. “Their price rise was completely unjustified. If US Steel can’t absorb a wage increase, how can the little fellow down the line?” General Motors and Ford followed by raising car prices, he pointed out, though GM’s profits in the third quarter of 1950 were $503 million. “In the face of these things,” said Reuther, “the price rise can’t be defended by any moral or econ omic standard.” He advocated an immediate price freeze on selected items, with a wage freeze later, after some “equity” can be worked out in the ture. wage-price-profit struc- called too for a tax based on “equality of People who make under Reuther structure sacrifice.” $5000 ate paying taxes at the same rate as they did during World War II, he demonstrated. Those making $5000 and over are paying less than in World War II and corpora tions are making 60 percent more profits than they did during the war. On the question of the 40-hour week, Reuther said that “before this job is completed we’ll have to work more than 40 hours.” As long as corporations are making profits, he maintained, workers are entitled to overtime. STONE WORKERS (JET PAY BOOST, ESCALATOR CLAUSE Alpena, Mich. (LPA) A new •ontract which ties wages to th* I’S government’s cost-of-living in dex has been signed by Branch 135, United Stone & Allied Product.' Workers of America, and the Hur on Portland Cement Co. The pact will mean an immediate increase and an automatic one-cent hourly increase or dectease for every 1.3 fluctuation in the Bureau of Labor Statistics index. Wages will not drop la-low the 170.8 base establish ed in the 1950 contract. The settlement was negotiated even though the present contract does not expire until May 1, 1951. The pact was reopened at the union’s insistence on a cost-of-liv ing wage hike. Similar escalator clauses have been won by Branch 57 (Bay City, Mich.) and Branch 136 (Petoskey, Mich.). SHOES DOCTOR COMFORT FOR FOOT RIGID ARCH FLEXIBLE AND STYLES IN OXFORDS AND HIGH SHOES (X-Ray Fitting) CARRIES THE UNION LABEL BENDHEIM'S East Sixth Street MONEY LOANED FOR PURCHASE AND IMPROVEMENT HOMES OF 5 Per Cent Monthly Reduction The Potters Savings & Loan Co. WASHINGTON and BROADWAY EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO OFFICERS: IOHN I. PURINTON, President ALWYN C. PURINTON, Secretary CHAS. W. HENDERSHOT, Vice President IOS. M. BLAZER, Treasurer W. E. DUNLAP, Ir, Attorney New Wisconsin Director Madison, Wis.—Edwin Young, newly appointed director of the School for Workers at the University of Wisconsin, studies labor publications at his desk. He succeeds the late Ernest Edward Schwarz trauber, who headed the school for 13 years until his death Sept. \5, 1950. WAGE-PRICE CONTROLS NEARER BUT EXACT FORMULAS IN DOUBT By CUSHMAN REYNOLDS Washington (LPA) With the news from the Far East becoming blacker by the minute, the nation’s capital was expecting price wage controls at an early qpder the Defense Production But the exact formulas to be were still unknown, as the week of December neared an end. Valentine said he expected to cooperate closely with W. Stuart Symington, general coordinator of, defense activities, although the law made the Economic Stabilization Administrator directly responsible? to the President. Any disputes would be* carried to Truman, Val entine saiel, and expressed a belief that the- president would rule “in Symington’s favor. One remark that wouldn’t en dear Valentine to organized labor was his open declaration that he disapproved of the* recent wage boost won by the* United Steelwork e*rs from the* giant US (Steel Corp. He* also expresseel a belief that credit controls might allow wage ami price controls to be staved off a little* longer. In a brief appearance before the Banking Committee Dec. 5, the plumply diminutive DiSalle* was diplomatic although plainly ner vous. However, he* clearly indicat es! his belief that controls were in the offing, although, like* Valen tine, he* refused tee name* they wouhl be* imposed. the day must be to use First off, he said there a more intense effort “rigid" voluntary controls to be se*t up in seven economic fields. The* seven fields, he tohl reporters late-r, would be* durable goods, soft gooels. industrial manufacturing, fooel ami restaurant, utilities, transportation and fuel. But he* gave* the impres sion under questioning that "volun tary” controls won’t work, ami that by the time he* organizes a staff compulsory price controls will be required. He said the- “selective” controls authorize*el under the* De fense Production Act might woik in some areas but declared they might start a "chain reaction" leading to wholesale controls. Talking with reporters afte*r the hearing, DiSalle* admitted that the* price* control job might amount political suicide, but laughingly ob served, “1 have only one political life to give.” Both DiSalle and Valentine were forced to undergo a good deal of politically inspired questioning. Buy Union Made goods from others as you would have them pay Union wages unto you! & Communists Out TWU Shortens Meet Two Days and date Act. used first Acting swiftly on Dec. 4 and 5, the Senate Banking Committee, chaired by Sen. Burnet Maybank (D, S. C.), approved the appoint ment of Alan Valentine as Econ omic Stabilization Administrator and Mayor Michael DiSalle of Toledo, Ohio, as Director of Price Stabilization. Senate confirmation of Valentine followed immediately and no opposition was expected to DiSalle. Valentine will head the Economic Stabilisation Agency with DiSalle and Chairman Cyrus Ching of the Wage Stabilization Board as his chief assistants in the key war job of forestalling further inflation. What the future held for the pro gram and its top managers defied speculation. The Senate group acted on the Valentine appointment first. The former president of the University of Rochester was confirmed after a Dec. 4 hearing in which he said wages and prices were approaching a balance, suggesting that con trols were near. However, Valen tine refused to propose a date. (Under the Defense. Production Act, President Truman is author ized to impose controls when he finds them necessary. According to the statute, he must call for wage lids in any industry in which he calls for price ceilings, but some labor spokesmen have insisted that the act permits a degree of flex ibility, a view which Valentine seemed to reflect. All labor has urged that wages be allowed to reach post-Korean price levels be fore wage lids are clamped on.) New York (LPA)—One benefit of kicking Communists out of a union was evident at the 7th Bien nial Convention of the Transport Workers—they had to meet only three days instead of the usual five. Michael J. Quill, union president, also pointed out that the union’s finances were back on a sound basis after being mishandled by Com munists, and that membership in creased 35 percent since the left wingers’ ouster. Quill also displayed a bit of fine verbal footwork in introducing Mayor Vincent Impellitteri who was opposed by TWU in New York’s recent mayoralty campaign. “In the last election,” Quill said, “I asked the TWU people to vote for another candidate that I liked very much and still do. And appar ently the TWU fellows said, ‘You may be all right as a representa tive of this union, but you are a bum as a politician.’ The roar that broke from the 476 delegates brought a quick grin to the mayor’s face, but it didn’t thaw him completely out. He spoke of the importance of the subway system here in the event of World War III and told TWU members that it would be New York’s life line in case of attack. He pictured subway platforms set up as emergency hospitals while trains would be pressed into ser vice to evacuate the injured.from devastated areas. As a sidelight of the convention, TWU announced wage nyves on nine independent bus lines’in New York City and the transit system in Philadelphia. Texas Building Trades Hit By Court Rulin Austin, Tex. (LPA)—Labor took a beating in the Texas Supreme Court the other day that will affect all construction workers on state, city, and local district projects. In a decision involving pay rates on an overpass near El Paso, the court ruled that the State Highway Commission has “final” authority to determine “prevailing wages” on highway construction jobs. The decision sustained a district court opinion and overruled a finding by the Austin Court of Civil Appeals. The El Paso Building & Con struction Trades Council-A FL con tended it could appeal the High way Commiss io n’s “prevailing wage” rulings to the courts. The Austin Court of Civil Appeals sus tained the union argument, but Dis trict Judge J. Harris Gardner thought otherwise. The Supreme Court supported Judge Gardner in a decision writ ten by Justice Meade F. Griffin. “There is good reason for making th** decision of the highway com mission final,” said Judge Griffin, declaring that in 1933 the legisla ture re-drafted the prevailing wage statues to make it declare specifically that the decision of a public body awarding a contract i final. The El Paso unions pointed out that the wages on El Paso project were 10 to 85 cents below the wages on other construction work in the area. They obtained an in junction last March to stop the Highway Commission from taking bids way was THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO on the overpass. Other high construction around El immediately postponed. Dealers Cash In As Canadians Seek ‘Wonder Foods’ Ottawa (LPA) Want to look younger, live longer? Of course you do. That’s why (Canadians began looking for wheat germ, yogurt, powdered brewers’ yeast, powdered skim milk and blackstrap molasses after the October issue of Reader’s Digest crossed the border from the U. S. In the Readers Digest was a condensation of a book provoca tively entitled “Look Younger, Live Longer”, by Gayelord Hauser. It was Hauser’s thesis that by eat ing a bit of the five “wonder foods” listed above every day, and by eat inf unrefined foods in general you could look forward to a long life without a wriflkle—if you’d be careful crossing streets. Hauser’s advice sounded fine to Canadians. Down to their grocery stores they scurried to buy some yogurt. No yogurt. Some wheat germ? No wheat germ. A little brewers’ yeast, then? No brewers’ yeats. Perhaps some powdered skim milk? Sorry. How about some blackstrap molasses? Yes, the stores had blackstrap. Up went blackstrap sales. And up went the price—from 10 to 15 cents a gallon in Ottawa to $1.50 to $2.00. Canadians began looking into Hauser’s recommendations and Lome Ingle of the Cooperative Press Association came up with the whole story. Seems there’s nothing wrong with Hauser’s “wonder foods”, but there are other foods just as wonderful. However, Haus er himself turns out to be the own ci* of a chain of “health food” Stores in the United States. His Stores sell yogurt, wheat germ, powdered skim milk, brewers’ yeast, blackstrap molasses and other unrefined foods. Thus Haus er was engaged in a big promotion. And the Reader’s Digest paid him to be his own promotion man. Says Lome Ingle: “Competent authorities have told. me that the advice which Mr. Hauser gives is sound. He has evidently consulted some authoritative nutritionists and there is little wrong with the general case he presents, although he adds a few frills that are not essential. The particular foods he mentions do, in fact, contain all of the vitamins and other nutrients that he says they do. But so do other foods that can be just as easily, and is some cases more easily obtained.” u “For example, he urgestpeople to yogurt. That’s fine. But from a nutrition point of view all of the vitamins, etc., that are con tained in yogurt are also contain ed in ordinary milk. The benefits he claims can be obtained from un refined blackstrap also be obtained cooking molasses.” molasses can from ordinary In fact, reports writer, “the blackstrap molasses admitted to Canada is not intended for, and in many cases is not fit for, human consumption. Its chief use has been as an animal feed. It is not prepared and packaged with the same can* as is required for foods intended for human consump tion. It comes in great rough casks and all manner of foreign material is apt to be found in it, from rub ber gaskets to bits of metal and de composed mice. It is ladled out of these casks into small packages for sale in food stores and the cus tomers don’t know the difference. OUTLAWS RAUE BIAS IN LAND CONTRACTS Ottawa (LPA) The Canadian Supreme Court has ruled invalid a covenant restricting sale of cer tain property in Ontario on racial grounds. In 1933 a group bought land at the Lake Huron resort of Grand Bend, and agreed not to sell to Jews, Negroes or any other color ed race. This year a woman pro perty owner broke the covenant. The Ontario Supreme Court and Court of Appeals both ruled the covenant valid. The Canadian Sup reme Court reversed the rulling. Saskatchewan is the only Canad ian province which incorporates the right to occupy and own pro perty without racial restrictions into a general Bill of Rights. 1AM MEMBERS TO VOTE ON RETURN TO AFL Paso HELP BLOOD BANK Rockingham, N. C. (LPA)—Tex tile Workers here helped set a world’s record donation of 316 pints of blood from a single Red Cross Chapter. Claude Johnson, one of the TWUA members, has given in pints of blood—a county record. Washington (LPA)—Some 600, 000 members of the International Association of Machinists were scheduled to start voting in Dec ember on whether to re-atffiliate with the American Federation of Labor. The union executive council has urged the membership to ap prove the move. The Machinists left the AFL five years ago after a sharp jurisdic tional dispute. Recently 1AM lead ers reached a five-point agreement with AFL leaders, solving all juris dictional problems. IAM members will also elect local officers for 1768 lodges from Nova Scotia to Hawaii, from Alaska to the Canal Zone—not to mention the US proper. There are 14,144 local offices to be filled. Ask for Union Labeled merchan dise. W- the Canadian Meet NLRB Chairman Washington.—President Louis A. Marciante of New Jersey State Federation of Labor and executive board member Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (left) and President E. M. Weston, Seattle, of Washington State Federation of Labor (right) ehat with Chairman Paul M. Herzog of National Labor Relations Board at 17th National Conference on Labor Legislation. The Rear Echelon Soldier By RUTH TAYLOR Once I heard three young sold who had been wounded in the war talk of their experiences, youngster, who looked like high school boy in your town iers last One any or mine, told us that his job was that of “rear echelon soldier”— that his unit brought up the sup plies to the men in the front line. It was in the performance of this sometimes called “cushy” duty that he was hit—the only man in his group to survive. That is what we civilians are to day—rear echelon or supply sold iers. We do not go up to the front lines to fight—but we nevertheless have a job to do, each anti every one of us. It is our job in our war. And much of what our fighting men all over the world accomplish will depend upon how we do our part. They have the greater task, but we have an equal responsibil ity. Our job "as rear echelon soldiers is best expressed by a cartoon with a very pertinent caption—“If you can’t stand beside him, stand be hind him.” This does not mean just turning out the goods and the food to sup ply the armed forces—though that task must come first in our lives. It does not just mean buying bonds —for, after all, that is just as good for us as it is for the war effort. Being a good rear echelon sold ier means a great deal more than producing weapons or purchasing bonds. It means facing the fight with the enemy, as our men are doing, and not fighting among our selves. It means sacrificing our personal privileges, as they are sacrificing theirs. It means accept ing restrictions as they accept the curtailment of their personal lives. It means disciplining our emotions and putting aside our prejudices as they have done. It means joining 3105 12-20 BARBARA BELL PATTERN No. 31C5 Particularly popular at this time of the year is the lovely jersey blouse that’s so comfortable and goes so well with all the skirts in your wardrobe. This one has a clever collar treatment and handy pocket. Pattern No. 3195 is a sew-rite perforated pattern for sizes 12, 11, 16, 18 and 20. Size 14 requires 2 yards of 39-inch fabric l^ yards of 54-inch. For this pattern, send 25c plus 5c for first-class mailing in coins, your name, address, pattern num ber and size wanted to Barbara Bell, Labor Press Association, P. O. Box 99, Station G, New York 19, Don’t miss the new Fall and Winter Stylist! This latest issue contains 48 pages of interesting sewing information smart new styles more American Designer Originals free pattern printed ir the book, 25 cents. B=g --------------------------■----------7 hands with all our fellow Ameri cans, without regard to class, creed or color—as they have done—to work for the common good of all, in that spirit of unity which is as much the safeguard of our nation as it is of our armed forces. And it means something still more. It means that we must keep the supply of the things of the spirit moving up to the front lines. We must keep alight those things for which they are fighting— Home, Religion—no matter by what cree||it calls, itself—commun ity for all. The ideals for which they are fighting must be kept alive for them to come back to. It is little enough for us to do, when we consider what they, our sons, our brothers, our fellow citizens are doing for us in their fight to keep the aggressor from our shores, and in their conquest of tyranny to bring peace again on earth. We may not fight on the battle fields—but we can all be rear echelon soldiers. Guild Wins On Spanish Daily New York (LPA) The New York Newspaper Guild was chosen by the editorial and commercial employes of El Diario, Spanish language daily, 24 to 4, in a Na tional Labor Relations Board elec tion. The Guild previously had won at the Ready to Wear Scout and the Times Tower. WHICH WOULD YOU CHOOSE? I I I I I I Thursday, December 14, 1950 NPA Will Study Union-Employer Washington, D. C. (LPA). Policies and practices followed by both management and labor unions in the employment of Negroes in the South will be the subject of a new study sponsored by the Com mittee of the South of the Nation al Planning Association. The in vestigation, based on case studies in selected southern cities and rep resentative industries in the South, is expected to throw light on long range efforts to secure more effec tive use of manpower, the associa tion said. George L. Googe of Atlanta, Ga., vice president of the International Printing Pressmen’s and Assist ants’ Union of North America is a member of the NPA Committee of the South, which is composed of 56 prominent Southern educators, in dustrialists, editors, bankers, state government officials and others. The report on procedures used by southern industries in the em ployment of Negroes will be the first of its kind. It is made pos sible by a $30,000 grant by the Carnegie Corporation of New York to the NPA Committee of the South. E. W. Palmer, chairman of the committee and president of Kings port Press, Inc., Kingsport, Ten nessee, announced that, the study will be supervised by Calvin B. Hoover, director of research of the committee and chairman of the De partment of Economics of Duke University, Durham, N. C. Dr. Hoover stressed the purely factual and analytical nature of this study. He said: “It is hoped that the results of the study will be particularly useful at a time like the present when the most effec tive utilization of our manpower is of first importance to national se curity. It is not intended, however, to advocate any policies or prac tices in the published report of this study. It should be emphasized, consequently, that the study has no connection with any proposed leg islation.” Don Dewey, Assistant Professor of Economics at Duke University, is conducting research for the study in Durham—the first city chosen for study. He has had con ferences with a number of heads of Durham industries, and will con tinue these conferences during the next few weeks. Other cities and industries in the South will be studied by economists whose names will be announced later in various southern universities. I 1 I I I I I I I Which of these four house styles do you like best? Cozy Cape Cod —Ranch-Type— Colonial? Or functional Modern? Most people prefer one of the traditional styles yet everyone wants the most modern convenience there is electric service, built-in and available in every room, in any quantity, at any time! It’s a modem miracle that even the most modest American homes do have wired help, ready at the fliclc of a switch, for washing, cleaning, sewing, cooking for refrigeration and entertainment and a host of other jobs. Within a man’s lifetime, sound, business-managed companies have electrified an entire nation. And the cost to you? About the cost of a pack of cigarettes a day! You’ll admit that’s a power-full bargain! "MKIT CORLISS ARCHCT" for dillghHul comody. C»S-Sunday« 9 t.M., faiftrn Timo OHIO POWER co.