Newspaper Page Text
Thursday, December 14, 1050
No. 5. Generalware, Evansville, Ind. Mrs. Marie Z. Lee, 207 8. Bedford Ave., Evansville, Ind. Meetn second and fourth Thursday, Car|entera Union Hall, 1035 W. Franklin Street. No. 6.—Chinaware, Wheeling, W. Va. George W. Friedrich, 208 Jones St. M«ets third Monday in V.F.W. Bldg., Fifteenth and Eoff Streets. No. 7.—Sanitary, Tiffin. Ohio. Carl Fredritz, 47 Wentz St., Tiffin, Ohio. Meets second and fourth Tuesday of every month. No. 9.—Kilnmen, East Liveriiool, Ohio. P. K. Calhoon, 1258 Oakwood Ave. Meets every Friday in Room 3, NBOP Bldg. No. 10.—Turners and Handlers. East Liverpool, Ohio. Fred McGillivray, 325 Garfield St. Meets first and third Monday in Room No. 3 in NBOP Bldg. No. 12.—Jiggermen. East Liverpool, O. John Weber, 931 Lisbon St., East Liver pool, Ohio. Meets every Tuesday in Room 3 in NBOP Bldg. No. 16. Saggezmakers, East Liverpool, Ohio. Harry F. McCombs, 927 Dresden Ave., East L,iveri»ool, Onio. Meets first and third Tuesday in Room 2, NBOP Bldg. No. 17.—Kilndrawers, East Liverjiool, Ohio. William Cox, 644 Minerva St.. Meets first Thursday only in Room 4, NBOP Bldg. No. 18. --Dippers, East Liverjiool, Ohio. William Watson, 9 Washington Street. Newell, W. Va. Meets first and third Wed nesday in Room 4 NBOP Bldg. No. 20.—Generalware, Steubenville, O. Harry T. Brady, 511 N. 6th Ave. Meets first and third Thursday in Trades and Labor Hall, Capitol Bldg.. Fourth and Adams Streets. No. 21.—Claymakers, East Liverpool, O. Ralph D. Holmes, 12U8 Penn. Ave.,’ East Liverjxyol, Ohio. Meets last Sunday of month in Room 2, NBOP Bldg. No. 22.—Mouldmakers, East Liverpool. Ohio. Alfred Ferber. 1035 Vine St., East Liverjiool, Ohio. Meets second and fourth Tuesday in Room 1, NBOP Bldg. No. 24.—Chinaware, ......<p></p>Wellsville, Ohio. Norman Bratt, 316 Eighteenth St. Meets first and third Wednesday in American Legion Post 70. Wells Avenue. No. 25.—Packers, East Liverjxiol, Ohio. L. H. Crawford, 71 Commerce St., Wells ville, Ohio. Meets Second and Thursday in Room 1, NBOP Bldg. Fourth Robert Street, Thurs 512 E. No. 26.—Sanitary, Kokomo, Ind. T. Bohannon. 1815 N. Purdum Kokomo*. Ind. Meets first and third day in Trades and Labor Council, Sycamore. No. 29.—Dishmakers, East Liverpool, O. Robert McCune, Newell, W. Va. Meets first Tuesday in Room 1, NBOP Bldg. No. 31.—Generalware, Epst Palestine, Ohio. Charles A. Hall, 53 Lincoln Ave. Meets second and fourth Monday at 7:3O in Odd Fellows Hall. No. 33.—Chinaware, Beaver Falls, Pa. Chester J. Fisher, 1616 Second Ave. Meets first and third Thursday in Old National Bank Bldg., 10th Street, 3rd Ave. New Brighton. Pa. No. 35..—Chinaware, Trenton, New Jer sey. Bertha Baker, 113 Marshall Ave., Trenton, N. J. Meets second and fourth Tuesday in Polish Veterans Hall, Street. Grand No. 58.—Finishers, East Liverpool, Ohio. Iona Shroades, 140 West Second St. Meets second and fourth Thursday in Room 2, NBOP Bldg. No. 59.—Kilnmen, Dippers and Sagger makers, Sebring, Ohio. Charles Newton, 148 E. Ely St., Alliance, Ohio. Meets every other Monday in K. of P. Hall. No. 66.—Generalware, Crooksville, Ohio. Ronald E. Wilson, 125 McKeever St Crooksville, Ohio. Meets every other Tues day. No. 70.—Generalware, Minerva, Ohio. Abe Edwards, 301 N. Main St. Meets sec ond and fourth Thursday in V.F.W. Hall. W. Line St. No. 72.—Sanitary, Evansville, Indiana. Luther J. Aikens, 2253 Herbert Court, Evansville, Ind. Meets second and fourth Thursday in C. L. Hall, Fulton Ave. No. 75.—Generalware, Coshocton. Ohio. Arthur D. Howe, Roscoe, Ohio. Meets sec ond and fourth Thursday in Central Trades and Labor Hall, Main Street. No. 76.—Chinaware, Buffalo, New York. Dorothy Donovan. 26 Houston St. Meets first and third Friday at Sparefield's Hall, Seneca and Weyand Streets. No. 77.—Sanitary. Mannington, W. Va. Walter E. Shutler, Route 2, Box 178, Mannington, W. Va. Meets first and third Friday at 7 :30 p. m. in Legion Hall. No. 78.- Sanitary, St. John, P. Q., Can ada. Alfred Croisetere, 12A 9e Avenue, Iberville, P. Q. Canada. No. 86.- -Warehousemen, East Liverpool. Ohio. Harold Palmer, Route 2, East Liy erjiool, Ohio. Meets every Monday in NBOP Auditorium. No. 87. —Sahitary Mixed, Trenton, N. J. Ray E. Dobbins. 216 Hamilton Ave. Tren ton, N. J. No. 89.—Sanitary, Richmond, Calif. Rob ert Christensen, 1909 Nevin Ave., Rich mond. Calif. Meets first and third Monday at 257 Fifth Street. No. 94.--Warehousewomen, East Liver jiool, Ohio. Mildred Johnson, Box 368, East Liverpool, Ohio. Meets every other Friday in Room 1, NBOP Bldg. No. 96.—Sanitary Works. Perth Amboy, N. J. Alex Deak. 78, Douglas St., Fords, N. J. Meets third Monday of every month at Army and Navy Hall, Perth Amboy, N. J. No. 98. -Chinaware. Grafton, West Va. Floyd R. Link, 704 Maple Ave., Grafton, W. Va. Meets second and fourth Tuesday in the V. F. W. Hall. No. 99.-- Chinaware, Clarksburg, W. Va. Frank J. Leroy, Box 222, Elk Ave., Nutter Fort, W. Va. Meets second and fourth Monday. No. 102.—Sanitary, Ford City, Penna. Hany O. Laughner. Box 161, Manorville, Pa. Meets second and fourth Tuesday in Sokol Hall at 7:30 p. m. No. 103.—Generalware, Erwin, Tenn. 4. C. Gaddy, R. F. J). 1, Unicoi, Tennessee. Meets second and fourth Tuesday at Clinchfield Y. M. C. A. Hall, N. Main St. No. 104.—Chinaware, Fails Creek, Pa. Edward Watson, 16 Wilson Ave. DuBois, Pa. Meets second and fourth Monday in Odd Fellows Hall. No. 108. Chinaware, Bedford, Ohio. Margaret Matula, 100 Egbert Rd., Bed ford, Ohio. Meets every other Monday. No. 113- Huntington Park, Calif. Meets first and third Thursday at 6411 Santa Fe Ave. Upstairs. Lawrence F. Paker, 2960 Allesandro St.. Los Angeles, Calif. No. 116.—Generalware, Lincoln, Illinois. Glenn Hale, 714 Decator St. Meets first and third Friday of each month in Odd Fellows Hall. No. 121.—Generalware, Decorators, Se bring, Ohio. Hazel Brown, R. D. 4, Alli ance, Ohio. Meets in K. of P. Hall every second and fourth Tuesday.- No. 122.—Generalware, Cambridge, O. Lee Woodward, 624 Highland Ave., Cam bridge, Ohio. Meets second and fourth Wednesday at Moose Hail. No. 124. Decorators and Decorating Kilnmen, East Liverpool, Ohio. Mary Wyand, 610 Dresden Ave. Meets every Tuesday in Room 4. NBOP Bldg. No. 130. Kilnfiremen Helpers and Trackmen, East Liverjiool, Ohio. Clifford Wilson. 223 W’. Fourth St.. East Liverpool, Ohio. Meets second and fourth Friday in Room 2, NBOP Bldg. No. 131.—Battcrsout and Mouldrunners, East Liverpool, Ohio. Alice Seevers, 2107 Penna. Ave., East Liverpool. Ohio. Meets every Thursday in Room 3, NBOP Bldg. 3H DIRECTORY OF LOCAL UNIONS East Liverpool Trader and Labor Coun cil. Larry Finlay, 70S* Sophia St. Meets first and third Wednesday in Room 3 NBOi’ Bldg. No. 4.—Castern, Eant Liverixxi), Ohio. Cecil H. Calhoun, 929 Orchard Grove Ave. Meets second and fourth Monday in Room 3, NBOP Bldg. Carey No. 42.—Generalware, Salem, O. .... Jackson, 1267 E. Pershing St., Salem, O. Meets every other Monday in Memorial Bldg. No. 44.—Clay Workers, Sebring, Ohio. Chester Brunt, 595 W. Oregon Ave. Meets every other Monday night in K. of P. Temple. No. 45.—Sanitary, Trenton. N. J. L. E. Ansell, 31 Alden Ave., Trenton 8, N. J. Meets every Friday at N. Clinton and Grand Ave. No. 49. —Mixed, Trenton, N. J. Joseph L. Kinsey. 686 Centre Street. Trenton. New, Jersey. Meets first and fourth Tuesday in Castlemini Hall, corner Grant and N. Clinton Ave. No. 50.—Sanitary, Camden. New Jersey. Stephen Szychulski, Y. M. C. A., Camden a. New Jersey. Meets first and third Fi'flihr Ih IStfa Ward Ciub Bldg., IM MedKMsic Street. No. 51.—Generalware, Canonsburg, Pa. Calvin Bixby, Box 211, Strabane, Pa. Meets every other Monday in Slovalk Hall, Iron Street. No, 183.—Sanitary. New Castle, *Pa. Daniel Hughes. 420 Waldo St., New Castle, Pa. Meets second and fourth Wednesday in Trades and A embly Hall, corner Cronton and Washington Streets. No. 134.—Stone and Art Ware, Crooks ville, Ohio. Arvin Riley, 3. Buckeye St. Meets first and third Thursday. Rose Mctth Bldg. No. 135.—Stone and Art Ware, villc, Ohio. Wilbur Smith. Box 213. first Tuesday of month in Munlcijial at 4 p. m. til. 138.--Bisque Warehousemen, East Ohio. James Shafer, Box 464, No. 1.. I.iverjxxil. ... East Liverjiool, Ohio. Meets first and third Thursday in Room 2. NBOP Bldg. No. 140.-- Porcelain, East Liverpool, O. Mary Alice Fouse, 483 Orchard Grove Ave., East Liverjiool, Ohio. Meets thml Tuesday in Room I, NBOP Bldg. No. 141. Oddmen and Laborers, East Liverjxiol, Ohio. Dell Fryan, 508 Sugar Street, East Liverpool, Ohio. Meets second and fourth Thursday in Room 4, NBOP Bldg. No. 143.—Porcelain Workers, Sandusky. 0. Mildred Kirschner, 1010 Wayne St. Sandusky, Ohio. Meets second and fourth Tuesday in Labor Temple. No. 146.—Generalware, Paden City. W. Va. William D. Krebs, 821 Fourth Ave. Meets every Thursday after pay day in Eagles Hall. No. 148. -(Mixed), East Liverpool. Ohio. Jessie O. Thompson, 331 W. Third Street, East Liverpool, Ohio. Meets first Thursday in Room 1. NBOP Bldg. No. 150.—Stoneware and Artware Work ers. Red W'ing, Minn. Frank Seeley 452 14th St. Red Wing. Minn. Meets second and fourth Wednesday at Lalxir Temjile. No. 155.—-Underglaze Decorators, East Liverixiol, Ohio. Mary Theiss, 810 Mont ana Ave., Chester, W. Va. Meets fourth Wednesday in Room 2. NBOP Bldg. No. 156.--Porcelain, East Palestine, O. Meets first and third Monday in K. of P. Hall. Velma Boren. 424 E. Main Street, East Palestine, Ohio. No. 161.-Refractories, New Castle, Pa. Frank J. Hraczo, 1507 Grecheen Ave., New Castle, Pa. Meets third Wednesday in Room 408, Trades Assembly Hall. No. 163. —Potters Supply and Refrac tories, East Liverjiool, O. Mildred E. Mc Daniel, 1033 Ohio Ave. Meets first and third Friday in Room 4, NBOP Bldg. No. 164.—Porcelain, Insulator, Akron, Ohio. R. F. Brandenstein, 766 Clay Drive. Meets second Friday of month at 8 p. m. in German American Hall, 834 Grant St. No. 165.-—Chinaware, El Cerrito, Calif. Dorena R. Gleason, 4300 Wall Ave., Apt. 8. Meets second and fourth Wednesday. 1340 San Pablo Ave. No. 166. —Refractories, Sebring, Ohio. Pauline Wright. 243 E. Oregon Street. Meets first Tuesday of month at Veteran of Foreign Wars Hall. No. 168.—Art and Novelty, San Jose Canf. Robert L. Saltaimachia, 934 Al maden Ave., San Jose, Calif. Meets third Thursday of each month. Labor Temple. 94 N. Second St., San Jose, Calif. No. 171. -Generalware, Stockton, Calif. R. W. Price. 1101 E. Alpine Ave. Meets second and fourth Tuesday in AFL Head quarters, 805 E. Weber Ave. No. 172.—Maintenance Men. East Liv erjHMil, Ohio. Emmett B. Blake. 1830 Alli son St. R. 2, hast Liverjiool, Ohio. Meets second and fourth Friday in Room 4. NBOP Bldg. No. 113^-Porcelain, Frenchtown, N. J. Harmon K. Wright, Box 81, Revere. Pa. Meets third Monday in Legion Hall. No. 174.—Sanitary, Metuchen. N. J. George Bondies, Box 101, Fords, N. J. Meets every second Tuesday of month at 7:30 p. m. in Fords Memorial Post Home, Fords, N. J. No. 175. -Sanitary. Trenton, N. J. Jos eph Nosari, 104 Vine St., Trenton, N. J. Meets second and fourth Tuesday. No. 177.--Sanitary, Robinson, III., Myles J. Tennis, 511 S. Robb, Robinson, III. Meets first and third Thursday in Labor Temple. No. 178.—Artware, Sebring, Ohio. John A. Dorff, R. D. 4, Alliance, Ohio. Meets every other Wednesday in V. F. W. Hall. No. 181.-—Tile, Porcelain and Art ware, Trenton, N. J. Robert Thompson, 53 S. Olden Ave., Trenton, N. J. Meets second and fourth Thursday in Falcon Hall, N. Olden Avenue. Jfo. 183.—Generalware, Los Angeles, Calif. Cora L. Hutchison, Box 68, Los Angeles 42, Calif. Meets second and four th Monday of each month at Culinary Hail, 411 E. Broadway. Glendale, Calif. No. 184.—Chinaware, Trenton. N. J Walter H. Smith, 738 Centre Street. Meets second and fourth Monday in Polish Fal cons Hall, Brunswick and Indiana Ave. No. 185. Porcelain. Trenton, N. J. Pete Torretta, 31 W. Ingham Ave.. Tren ton, N. J. Meets last Monday of every month in Broad St. Bank Bldg. No. 186.—Stone, Dinner and Artware, Los Angeles, Calif. Dorothy R. Miller, 2414V4 No- Broadway, Lost Angeles 81, Calif. Meets first and third Friday, 220o East Avenue. No. 190.--Porcelain, East Liverpool. O. Nellie Gardiner, 936 Libson St.. East Liv erixjol, Ohio. Meets first Friday in Room 2. NBOP Bldg. No. 192.—-Generalware, Warehousemen. Packers, Decorating Kilnmen, Sebirng, O. Hugh Dailey, 539 W. Oregon Ave. No. 193.—Artware, Trenton. N. J. Alma Wallo, 165 Bunting Ave. Meets first Tues-1 day, 725 N. Clinton Ave. No. 195.--Glost Warehousewomen and Kilndrawers, East Liverixiol, O. Miss Villa Carraher, 704 Aten Ave., Wellsville, Ohio. Meets first and third Wednesday in R4om 2, NBOP Bldg. 196.—Generalware, Hollydale. Calif. .... Wilder, P. O. Box 155. Hollydale, if. Meets first and third Thursday in No. Verna Calif. V. I. Calif. Route 2, Box 178, F. W. Hall. Jackson St.. Paramount, 197,—Earthenware and Artware. Mass. Edward Nolette, 171 No. Cambridge, ... Sheridan Ave.. Medford. Mass. No. 198.--Feldspar, Milling and Smelt ing. Trenton, N. J. William Taylor, 138 Allen St., Trenton 8, N. J. No. 19'1.—Floor and Wall Tile, Pomona. Calif. Gwendolyn Grabber, 847 E. Mont erey. Meets second Thursday of each month, 637 W. Second St., Pomona, Calif. No. 200.—Chemical Supply, Crooksville, O. Mrs. Estella Knerr, 281 W. Main St. Meets second Thursday of each month in Municipal Hall. 201.—Chinaware, Huntington Park. Orvis Reese, 6507*4 Middleton St. second Thursday at 4 |. m. and No. Calif. Meets fourth Sante No. 132.—Handle Casters and Finishers, East Liverjiool, Ohio. Bertha Magnone, 54 I California Ave., Chester, W. Va. Meets* —. first and third Monday in Room 1, NBOP Drewry, 729 W. Bldg. Thursday at 7:30 p. nn. at 6418 Fe Street, Huntington Park, Calif. 202.—Generalware, Santa Monica Mrs. Marian E. Williama, 1804*4 No. Calif Federal Ave., West Ism Angeles 25, Calif. Meets third Wednesday, at 2439 Santa Monica Blvd.. Santa Monica, Calif. No. 203. Pioneer Pottery, Art and Novelty. East Liverjxxil, Ohio. Margaret Dayton, 631 Northside Ave., East Liver pool. Ohio. Meets fourth Tuesday in Room 2, NBOP Bldg. No. 205. —Refractories, Tiffin, O. Will iam W. Tate, 539 N. Washington St., Tif fin. Ohio. Meets third Thursday of month. No. 207.—Refractories, Crooksville, Ohio. Warden Mauller, 606 Summit St., Crooks ville, Ohio. Meets fourth Thursday each month, Municijial Bldg. No. 208.—Foremen, Sujiervisora: Sani tary, Trenton, N. J. Secretary, 215 Broad St., -Bank Bldg. Meets fourth Friday at Carjienter’s Hall, 47 N. Clinton Ave. No. 209.—Artware. Wellsville, O. Hazel Freeman. 5th and Commerce St.. Wells ville, Ohio. Meets first and third Thursday in American Legion Hall. No. 210.—Refractories, Art and Novelty Ware, Trenton. N. J. 215 Broad St. Bank Bldg., Trenton, N. J. No. 211.—Artware, Crooksville, Ohio. Ethel L. Hayman, 427 McKinley Ave., Crooksville, Ohio. Meets the first Friday of every month in Municipal Bldg. No. 213.—Artware, Pelham, N. Y. Leon ard Hill, 128 S. Fulton St., Mt. Vernon, N. Y. No. 214. Sanitary, Redlands, Calif. Clarence B. Davis, Box 848, Redlands, Calif. Meets first and third Fridays in American Legion Hall. No. 218.—Sanitary, Torrence, Calif. John Yurkovlch, 1123 Walk, Wilming ton, Calif. Meets second and fourth Mon day. Womens Club, Torrence, Calif. Nn. 219 —Artware, Zanesville, O. Nellie Farriea, 161 So. 7th St. Zanesville, Ohio. No. 220.--Sanitary. New Orleans, La. Philip J. Hargis, P. O. Box 8202, New Orleans 22, La. No. 221.—Sanitary, Gadsden, Ala. Elmer E. McDougal). Box 523, Attalla, Ala. No. 222.—Chinaware, Pasadena, Calif. Merlon avgemo, 2518 Evelyn St., Mont rose, Calif. Meets second and fourth Mon day in Central Labor Union Hall. No. 228.—Sanitary, Walnut, Calif. Don ald E. Wadkins, .............. tario. Calif. Meets month. George Bernard 1448 West A. St. On second Tuesday of each Pomona, Calif. C. R. No. 224.—Tile,• CaliG Nevada St., Ontario. !W News and Views Amidst the continuing national debate on old-age pensions, public health, and related measures, it is interesting to consider the example of Sweden, outstanding pioneer in social security legislation. The writer had occasion, some years ago, to study first hand the scope and effects of the Swedish system. It was an inspiring and construc tive experience. This is perhaps the best program devised so far to live up to what must be the guid ing, principle of social legislation —namely, to give every citizen the protection and help to which he is entitled as a member of society. By the same token it would be a mistake to apply the Swedish sys tem, based on a homogeneous peo ple and stemming, literally, from centuries—old social experimenta tion, to the United States. Our growth, traditions, composition and thinking are different. So are our economic and social structure. Con sequently it is up to us, and us alone, to find the ways and means dictated by our history, character and ways of living. How does the Swedish social se curity in Sweden operate? First, it is a public obligation, amounting to nearly 10 percent of the annual na tional income. Social expenditures, presently, exceed 2,000 million kroner, or about $420 million (but with a purchasing power perhaps twice that much). About 75 per cent of these expenditures are paid out of taxes. This means that one third of all government revenues are spent on social security, as compared to one-sixth some 20 years ago. Regardless of status and income, all citizens above 67 years are en titled to an annual basic pension of 1,000 kroner, plus a cost of living bonus. Supplements for housing, etc., depend on special eligibility tests. Pensions are also paid to in valids, those suffering from pro longed illness, and widows. The latter is entitled to a maximum pension of 60 kroner. To be eligible she must have been married least 5 age at Most Montgomery, playing Hawkeye, the intrepid frontiersman Small’s spine-tingler*, “The Iroquois Trail,” falls in love in ..... ....„ ..... with the beautiful daughter of a British Army colonel, portrayed by Brenda Marshall. The film, which is based on James Fenimore Cooper’ Leather Stocking Tales, opens Sunday at the Ceramic Theatre. It is United Artists release. By ALEXANDER S. LIPSETT (An ILNS Feature) death. pension costs are defrayed government, but every cit- by the izen from 18 to 66 contributes 6 to ICO kr. annually, according to his income. There are plans afoot to replace the present system with a compulsory pension insurance, but no definite decision has yet been made. This scheme, scheduled to start in 1955, would be financed by con tributions of 1.5 percent of the net income from both employers and employes. The government would SURE WINNER—In a pie-eating contest at the Ijos Angeles food show, eight-year-old Teddie Hoff tries to eat and see how the other contestants are doing at the same time. Any way you look at it, Teddie can’t lose. THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO administer it and foot the adminis trative expenses. Payment of pre miums would begin at the age of 18 for both sexes and end at 48 for men and 44 for women. Children’s care is another im portant measure in the Swedish scheme of things. All parents, ir respective of their income, are en titled to a grant of 300 kr. a year for each child up to 16 years of age. However, there are no tax ex emptions for children. The prin cipal reason for these grants is to make them available to even the lowest, tax-free income groups. has on care. Parliament passed 4 years ago a new health law providing for free treatment in public hospitals, free medicine, etc., but strained public finances have kept the bill from being enforced. Rural areas are looked after by doctors on the public payroll, who are at the same time permitted to have their private practice. This al lows doctors to settle in small and remote communities. at of years and be 55 years her husband’s Expectant mothers and babies are entitled to free regular medical checkups. A mother receives 125 kr. when the child is born. There is also regular medical and dental care in public schools, free school lunches, etc. Mothers and children in low in come groups are granted free vaca tion trips. If necessary a trained home assistant takes care of the household while the mother is sick or away. There are over 2,500 such state-paid home assistants. Accident insurance is obligatory and paid by the employer. This takes care of all medical costs, hos pital, a daily allowance, payment of annuities to invalids, and if the worker dies to his surviving de pendents. Sweden does not have public un employment insurance such as in the U. S. However, unions—and practically all of Swedish labor is unionized—and other organizations have unemployment funds, financ ed by the membership and supple mented by government grants. The amount of unemployment relief is rather small, 2 to 7 kr. per day. Relief is granted for a maximum period of 156 days in the course of one year, or for one continuous per iod of unemployment. This phase of social security, it seems to me, needs improvement. Inlan dSteel Grants W/jc to 15,000 Chicago (LPA)—An average in crease of 16’,£ cents an hour has been gained by 15,000 members of the Steelworkers at Inland Steel Co. mills in East Chicago, Ind. and Chicago Heights, Ill. Patterned after earlier agree ments with major steel producers, the new contract raises Inland workers’ hourly average to $1.83. The minimum increase is 12 cents an hour—the maximum is 29 & cents, both retroactive to Dec. 1. Ask for Union Labeled merchan dise. ‘Are You A Red? Court Rules You Need Not Answer Washington (LPA)*—A witness can refa e to answer a question about Communist connections on the rround that a reply might be self-incriminating. That’s the way the Supreme Court ruled Dec. 11 in a case in volving Patricia Blau of Denver, who refused to answer a federal grand jury’s questions in Septem ber 1948 and was convicted of con tempt of court. The decision raised serious doubts about the 50-odd contempt-of-Congresg citations now in the courts against persons who refused to reply to queries about Communist connections posed by the House. Un-American Activities Committee. It was also believed by some that the opinion outlawed the registration provisions of the Mc Carran anti-subversive act passed in September over a Presidential veto, since Communists might hold registration to be incriminating. 1 a Miss Blau hal contended that al though Communist party member ship wasn’t a crime, admission of Communist connections might be a factor in bringing about prosecu tion under the Smith act, the sta tute under which the 11 top Am erican Communist leaders were convicted last year. The Smith act makes it a crime to advocate vio lent overthrow of the government. The court ruled unanimously with Justice Tom Clark not parti cipating. The decision was written by Justice Hugo Black who based his opinion on the constitutional guarantee that a man cannot be forced to testify against himself. “There’s nothing very surprising about the decision,” one Capital attorney observed, adding that it was simply the last in. a long line of ruling sustaining the constitu tional provision. Legal authorities explained that the decision didn’t upset the con viction of the “Hollywood Ten,’ the movie writers who refused to tell the Un-American Activities Committee whether they were or had been Communists and are now in prison. They based their refusal on the Constitution’s free-speech clause, not on possible self-incrimi nation. so Public Health: Sweden far turned thumbs down called socialized medical About two-thirds of the people are covered by a state-subsidized pub lic health insurance system. This insurance pays all hospital ex penses, most of the doctors’ fees, and certain daily sickness allow ances, according to the premiums paid by the insured persons. so- In addition, low-priced care in tax-supported hospitals is open to both insured and uninsured. Public clinics treat patients at a nominal fee. If hospitalization is necessary, private rooms and public wards are available, the latter at the doily rate of 3 to 4 kr. (60-75 cents). This includes operation, treatment, etc. The trouble here, as in the British public health system, is that hospitals and clinics are extremely crowded. A patient may have to wait for weeks before he is admitt ed. In Miss Blau’s case, Justice Black reasoned as follows: “She could reasonably fear that criminal charges might be brought against her if she admitted employment by the Communist party or intimate knowledge of its workings. Wheth er such admissions by themselves would support a conviction under a criminal statute is immaterial. Answers to the questions asked by the grand jury would have furnish ed a link in the chain of evidence needed in a prosecution of petition er for violation of (or conspiracy to violate) the Smith act. Prior decis ions of this court have clearly established that under such circum stances the Constitution gives the witness the privilege of remaining silent. The attempt by the courts below to compel petitioner to test ify runs counter to the fifth amend ment as it has been interpreted from the beginning.” Miami Gl's (Continued From Page One) mendations now being carried or proposed also inferentially out con firm our findings and conclusions.” Yet a VA official in a report after an investigation denied dam age to GI homes was greater than to others, asserted the homes were soundly and properly constructed, denied any laxity in inspections, faults in construction, code viola tion or failure by builders to meet specifications. The report to the Senate com mittee points out that local build ers and subcontractors in Miami employ principally common labor on the job and that “it was clearly evident that these laborers had not been trained to carry out the crafts they worked at in a satisfactory or efficient manner, and that super vision was inadequate.” The level of profit per house was “very good,” the report said, and reputable builders “by and large have lived up to their responsibil ities a small minority and fly-by night builders did not.” “If adequate and proper inspec tions had been made by FHA, VA, or the local municipal or county authorities, many of the defects observed in our survey and' other surveys would have been prevent ed in the first instance or would have been discovered and correct ed,” the report declared. Apprais ers should be held “more strictly accountable for their work” and there should be a “larger and bet ter qualified inspection force in FHA and VA”, the report recom mended. RUBBER FIRM SEEK TO SUPPRESS REPORT Ottawa (LPA)—A restraining order has been sought by 22 rubber companies to prevent publication of a government report on combina tion and price-fixing. The compan ies include such well-known firms as Dunlop, Firestone, Goodyear, and Seiberling. New California Chief Washington.—Thomas Pitts (left), Los Angeles, new president of the California Federation of Labor succeeding Rep. John F. Shelley, and Paul Scharrenberg (right), director California State Department of Industrial Relations, discuss defense manpower with Assistant Secretary of Labor Rnlph Wright, AFL representative in the U. 8. Labor Department, dur.ng 17th national conference on labor legislation. SEES FEW LOSSES OF JOBS IN SHIFT TO WARTIME PRODUCTION Washington—Secretary of Labors----- _-------- Maurice J. Tobin thinks there will be very little unemployment—and that for only a brief period—caused by the shift of industry from peace to defense production. He announced a government policy to place defense production and facilities—orders and plants— in relation to available labor sup ply and creation of regional and area committees to make most ef fective use of manpower. Secretary Tobin told a news con ference that: 1. He expected very little unem ployment and that for a short per iod as plants change over to de fense production. 2. There is no need now for any relaxation of federal wage and hour standards, safety or working rules. 3. No mandatory controls for manpower to direct workers into defense jobs or regulate their transfers are required. And he knocked down emphatic ally the report that a Defense De partment officer had said the gov ernment would deliberately try to create employment in some areas inorder to get workers to move to centers where defense workers were needed. “There is no responsible official in government who will make such a statement because it isn’t true,” Secretary Tobin said. He said the policy agreed upon by him and federal departments needed manpower was designed to avoid any large-scale migrations of workers and any extreme disloca tions of economic and family life. Civilian Use (Continued From Page (joe) Defense Department and other fed eral manpower agencies more time to come up with estimates of man power requirements. The Senate group had asked the Defense De partment, the Labor Department, Selective Service and the Federal Security Agency to have their esti mates in by Dec. 8, but the sudden reverses in Korea forced postpone ment for estimates were sure to require revision upwards. For the time being the subcom mittee’s attention would be largely directed at manpower, because the nation must know how best to use manpower to meet both military and civilian requirements. Event ually the requirements can be for mulated in legislation if necessary, Johnson said. Beyond manpower, the Johnson group is trying to find the extent to which military appro priations have been translated into guns, tanks and planes, and how the process can be accelerated. Agricultural needs are also being checked by the subcommittee. more harm to National Association. Newark, N. In another defense field, govern ment action is doing than good, according Automobile Dealers William L. Mallon of J., appearing for the association before the House-Senate “Watch dog” committee on controls, said the Federal Reserve Board made a bad mistake when it clamped down tight credit restrictions on the pur chase'of automobiles. He asked for a hearing before the board. The credit rule on autos require a pur chaser to pay one third cash and pay out the balance in 15 months. (Opposition to this and other credit rules has also been voiced by the United Auto Workers and other unions.) First ‘Cease’ Order Issued By Board On Discrimination New York (LPA)—Refusal an employment agency to accept procedure recommended by the New York State Commission against Discrimination has led the commission to issue the first cease and desist order in the five and a half years it has operated. Pension Plan (Continued From Page One) ating for management of the pen sion plan by either a bank or an insurance company, but until a final decision is made the fund will be administered by the trustees. Lyon is chairman of the 5 man em ployer group on the board, and Patrick J. Connolly, vice president of the union’s Atlantic Coast Dis trict, heads an equal number of union representatives. No amount for the monthly pen sion to longshoremen has been set and of necessity, it must be con servative at the beginning, but it is understood that a monthly pay ment of $40 is being considered. Pension eligibility rules call for an applicant to have worked a min imum of 10,400 hours from 1937 to the end of 1949, with an average of 8C0 hours a year and a min imum of 4C0 hours in any one year. Credits For Military Service Men having less than 400 hours of work for more than 2 calendar years will not be ruled ineligible, however, if their absence from the industry has been caused by sick ness, injury or military service. Members absent as the result of military service after May 1, 1940, get credit for 1,000 hours for each year. Totally disabled union members are eligible for benefits if they have reached the age of 45 and have served in the longshore indus try not less than 15 years, with a yearly average of 800 work hours. The board will begin accepting applications after Jan. 1, and pay ments should start about one month later. Singing (Continued From Page One) that was expected of it.” “Progressive American labor”, Meany continued,” believes that higher wages and better working conditions, vital as they are, are not the sole concern of labor, nor the sole responsibility that indus try bears to its employes. Unions, as well as management, believes that education is vital to the work er. A better educated worker is a more productive worker. He learns more in a shorter time, performs his tasks better and fulfills a wider role in the general community.” Noting that “we continue to be poorly informed on many vital pro blems,” Meany said, “the best way to guard against this is to give every possible assurance that the avenues of communication are made available to all groups in society. The interests of labor and the in terests of the broader community are for the most part identical. It is essential in these days and in the days ahead that our common interests should be emphasized and the basis of our differences be understood.” Says New Auto (Continued From Page One) didn’t mention that his company made more money in the first nine months of this year than it did in any previous full year. Wilson pointed to the recent three-cent hourly raise given GM workers, the rising cost of steel (7 percent), copper (32.4 percent), zinc (68.5 percent), and rubber (300 percent)—he didn’t point to GM’s all-time record net income through September 1950 ($702,655, 156) nnr to sales ($5,500,000,000). by The order was issued against Kirk Lucas Agency on a complaint by John W. Woorm. He charged the group sought information about his religion and national origin be fore offering him a job. More than 1800 earlier complaints, including one against the Kirk Lucas Agency, were settled by the commission without such action becoming nec essary. Demand the Union LabeL Dining Car Suit Against Railroad Washington (LPA)—Elmer W. Henderson, Negro who won his fight before the Supreme Court to bar discrimination in railroad din ers against members of his race, charges the Southern Railway still practices bias. He has asked the Interstate Commerce Commission to hold hearings against the railroad be cause its instructions to dining car stewards specifically refer to “white” and “Negro” passengers and suggest seating “white persons with white persons, Negroes with Negroes.” PAGE THREE ..... Civil Defense Department Asked Equal To Army W-i-hington (LPA) Bedsuse civi..ans are not going to be able to ddestep the next war the Ameri can Municipal Association conven tion here has demanded creation of i Civilian Defense Department •vith the same powers as the Army, Navy and Air Force. The group, composed of mayors and officials from 600 cities, said the department should be headed by a “civilian secretary of civil de fense.” Highly critical of the part the Federal Government has taken in civil defense, the association said primary responsibility for defense rested with the US and urged a program be speedily put into oper ation. Such a program was suggested to the Senate-House Atomic En ergy Committee by James J. Wads worth, acting director of the newly created Civil Defense Administra tion. President Truman has asked Congress to create a CDA and in the meantime put it on a tempor ary basis with former Gov. Millard F. Caldwell as its head. The Wadsworth program calls for expenditure of $3,100,000,000 by Federal, state and local govern ments during the next three years. The US would contribute $1,670, 000,000—or 54 percent—and com bined expenditures for air raid shelters 000. would eat up $2,250,000,- expenditures are listed in to the shelters: Firefight- These addition ing, communications, engineering and transportation $200,000,000 local prr-onnel and administrative cost, $2CG,000,000 regional stock piling of medical and vital mater ials, $400,000,000 control centers and air-raid warning systems, $32,000,000. Wadsworth warned: “When it comes to civil defense there can be no take-to-the-hills attitude. Our cities must be manned and fought as our ships are manned and fought by the navy ... as long as they have decks under them.” Chairman W. Stuart Symington of the National Security Resources Board echoed Wadsworth. “We can not afford to make a good show ing only in the first round or two,” he said. “We must be in condition to follow through to the final bell —and win.” Rep. Carl Vinson (D, Ga.) chair man of the House Armed Services Committee, opposed the Wadsworth proposals on the ground that the Civil Defense Administrator would be “an absolute dictator with power to take over all the realty in the US.” “They might even come down to Georgia and take over my little old mule land,” he said. Murray S. Levine, New York at torney who helped recruit workers for the atomic bomb project, said that the recruitment of civil de fense workers should be put under selective service. One solution of the tremendous costs involved in the new way of life we are facing in the age of the atom bomb was suggested to the AMA and the government by Mayor DeLesseps S. Morrison of New Orleans. He wants a $3,000, 000 RFC loan to build a combina tion garage and air raid shelter. Terming it a “temporary city hall”, Morrison said it would be a three story' building capable of holding 1200 automobiles or 54,000 persons in case of attack. Democratic leaders in both Houses have labelled legislation for the new setup “war emergency” and hope to get it through before the end of the year, but admit that they face heavy opposition from reactionary blocs. Food Chemicals (Continued From Page One) present don’t raise the individual’s resistance to disease, the doctor said, and “until such day as some new and probably unknown form of nutrient is found we should maintain an attitude of skeptical waiting on this score.” A Pennsylvania dentist, Dr. Fred D. Miller, told the committee that candy and soft drinks are injuring the teeth and weakening the stam ina of American youth. Miller urged Congress to put a luxury tax on “foodless foods” soft drinks, refined sugar and refined flour—because they are detriment al to health. Most food companies, afraid of public opinion if they testified against the legislation, have avoid ed the committee. None has volun teered to testify in favor of the needed changes. A FL AUTO WORKERS WIN 3 MORE PLANTS Milkaukee (LPA) The AFL Auto Workers report winning three more plants in their organizing drive—the Aluminum Body Corp, on the west coast in an NLRB election, 3 to 1 the Amity Co. plant at West Bend, Wis., 2 to 1 and the Sebewaing Industries Co. plant at Sebawaing, Mich. from them Buy Union-Made goods others as you would have pay Union wages unto you!