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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, December 14, 1950, Image 5

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Thursday, December 14, 1950 7
Senators Subpoena Radio, Newspaper
Executives For Blacking Out Union
Washington (LPA) A Senate^*
Labor subcommittee has subpoena- 15-minute program once each week
ed six Anderson, S. C. business- against the union.
.men, including radio and newspaper
'•‘Xecutives, to answer charges by
the Textile Workers that they con
ducted “a campaign of fear”
against a union organizing drive.
Franz Daniel, regional director,
said the men had helped create
anti-union sentiment in Anderson
county and then “blacked out” all
radio and newspaper channels so
the union was unable to reply to
anti-union lies and slander.
Sen. James E. Murray (D.,
Mont.), subcommittee chairman,
ordered the subpoenas after Sen.
Matthew M. Neely (D., W. Va.)
commented that “a free press be
comes a mockery when it attempts
to assassinate a class of people.”
Directed to appear before the
subcommittee within ten days are:
Z. W. Meeks, executive director of
the Anderson Chamber of Com
merce Leland Sadler, Chairman of
the Anderson Citizens’ Committee
Dr. C. Singleton Breedin, owner of
St. Mary’s Hospital, Anderson J.
J. Lyons, vice president of M. Low
enstein & Sons and general man
ager of the Orr Mill, Anderson
Wilton E. Hall, former Senator on
a short-term appointment and own
er of the Anderson Independent,
Anderson Daily Mail and radio
station WAIM and J. J. Powell,
owner of independent radio station
WANS, Anderson.
Daniel said that when the union
went into Anderson county to or
ganize its 17 textile mills a letter
was sent to all businessmen and
civic officials telling of the union’s
intentions.
The Chamber of Commerce then
alerted all its members urging
them to keep the union out. An
Anderson Citizens’ Committee was
formed to distribute cards to all
workers and businessmen asking
them to join in “the fight against
Communism and Socialism.”
“Foremen passed out these cards
in the mills,” Daniel said, “as part
of the campaign of fear conducted
in the town to scare people away
from the union. Fear was the key
note. Fear of strikes fear of
strikes .... fear of dues
fear of turnoil .... fear of Com
munism.”
Daniel exhibited a letter from
Dr. Breedin which was distributed
by the C. of C. to workers in the
Orr mills, part of the seven-mill
Lowenstein chain, four of which
have TWUA contracts. In the letter
Dr. Breedin called the union a
“hellish” organization and told it
•to “fold your tents and go away.
Go away beyond Anderson county
.... even better, go beyond the
Mason-Dixon line.”
Daniel said he went to the An
derson Daily Mail, Anderson Inde
pendent, and radio station WAIM
—all owned by Hall—but was told
by the advertising manager that
Hall had ordered him not to accept
anything from the union.
During this time the two news
papers and the radio were sending
out “a steady stream of anti-union
news, cartoons, and editorials,” ac
cording to Daniel. He said there
were one-minute “plugfe” on the
radio every 15 minutes telling the
audience to “Keep Anderson Mills
Free” and to “Keep Anderson Mills
Running.” In addition there was a
WE ARE EQUIPPED TO RENDER
COMPLETE FUNERAL AND
AMBULANCE SERVICE
PROMPTLY
MARTIN
Funeral Home
145 West Fifth St. Phone 365
OHIO and WEST VIRGINIA
LICENSE
Daniel said he was not complain
ing about “the positive side” the
employers took in fighting union
ism, but that he was disturbed by
“the negative side—the refusal to
let us show Anderson our side of
the picture.”
Wh$n he was refused time on
WAIM, Daniel said he went to in
dependent radio station WANS and
talked to owner J. J. Powell, who
while friendly, told Daniel he
“couldn’t afford to antagonize the
businessmen in Anderson by ac
cepting a union program.”
Other witnesses before the sub
committee were Solomon Barkin,
director of research for TWUA
and Isadore Katz, general counsel
for the union. Barkin refuted testi
mony filed with the subcommittee
by Seabury Stanton, president of
the Hathaway Mfg. Co., New Bed
ford, Mass, and Katz detailed the
anti-union effect of the Taft-Hart
ley law in the South.
Stanton’s statement had said
that unions must organize the
South to wipe out unfair competi
tion for Northern employers. Bark
in said Stanton “in his enthusiasm
had overdrawn the picture” and
“challepged” him to produce the
basic facts upon which his con
clusions were drawn.
Barkin denied Stanton’s thesis
that mills were moving from North
to South because of differences in
labor costs. He said the “difficulty
is not created by labor problems,
but basic managerial deficiencies.”
He said 16 cotton and five rayon
weaving mills have moved South
since the end of World War II. The
reasons: speculation, refusal to
modernize old mills, moving of op
erations by national chains. Barkin
said old New England families who
had “lost their managerial ener
gies” sold out before the war in
order to cash in on capital gains.
He said they benefitted, the specu
lators benefitted, but that the
people and the Government were
defrauded.
Katz, in summarizing exhibits
prepared for the subcommittee
showing the effect of the Taft
Hartley law in the South, said he
objected to the law because “it is
helping to debase the moral char
acter of American communities.”
“The Ta£t-Hartley law gives
moral assurance to these people,”
Katz said, “that they can malign
and destroy the reputation of
unions. You have opened the sluice
gates to immorality and these peo
ple have moved in.”
He said “men of God” have been
perverted by owners of mills who
have paid for radio programs for
ministers to attack unions.
“You have made labor unions fair
game for all sorts of character
assassins,” he said. “You have al
lowed them to make labor unions
socially unacceptable.”
No Room Here For Race Hate
Washington (LPA) America
cannot afford to be divided by
racial prejudices in its struggle to
make Democracy survive, accord
ing to Michael J. Galvin, under
secretary of the US Department of
Labor.
Galvin, addressing the 15th An
nual Conference of the National
Council of Negro Women, said that
“there is no place in America for
religious or racial discrirfiinatiqns
—no place in America for prejudice
or hatred—no place for anything
except a loyalty to our country
which disallows injustice and finds
refreshment in a conunon devotion
to the great cause of freedom under
law.”
Buy Union-Made goods from
others as you would have them
pay Union wages unto you!
Ask for Union Labeled merchan
dise.
Furniture-Stoves
Bedding—Curtains
Drapery—Rugs—Carpets
Paint—Appliances
Dinner & Cooking Ware
Seven Floors oi Quality Furniture and All
Furnishings To Make a House a
Comfortable Home
Established 1880 East Liverpool^ Ohio
Convenient Terms
CROOK’S
"THE BEST PLACE TO BUY AFTER ALL"
FIND THEY GET A PAY BOOST—Ford Motor Company workers
read headlines in a Detroit paper telling them they were to get a 3-cent
pay boost December 1. More than 600,060 auto workers are scheduled
for the raises, under contracts which tie their pay to changes in the
government’s consumer price index. When the coot of living goes up,
wages go up. About 400,000 workers in other industries have similar
contracts.
5500 ATTENDING MIDCENTURY
PARLEY ON CHILDREN AND YOUTH
Washington (LPA)—In welcom-4»-‘------------------------
ing 5500 delegates to the Midcen
tury White House Conference on
Children & Youth, Federal Secur
ity Administrator Oscar Ewing de
scribed the theme as “how to pro
vide each child with a fair chance
to achieve a healthy personality.”
Concluding the conference, Kath
erine F. Lenroot, chief of the Chil
dren’s Bureau, said it “is an ex
pression of the desire of people in
country crossroads and in great
cities, from many economic and
professional groups, to build homes
and communities and shape State
and National policies that will
make it possible for every child to
have full opportunity for personal
happiness and growth.”
The threat of war overshadowed
all discussions. President Truman,
addressing the delegates, said the
rearmament program necessarily
“will change the lives of our young
people.” We must work through
the United Nations to keep the hu
man race from being carried back
to the dark ages, the President
said, and “the single most import
ant thing our young people will
need to meet this critical challenge
in the years ahead is moral
strength—strength of character.”
Our Children Being Short-Changed
Dr. Benjamin Spock, one of the
country’s leading child specialists,
declared the US is “short-chang
ing” its youth on education. Even
Soviet Russia spends a bigger part
of its national income educating its
youths than we do, he said. Ameri
cans spend less money on public
education than they do for tobacco,
liquor and cosmetics, and as a re
sult schools are too few, too crowd
ed, inadequately staffed, and equip
ped.
Dr. Allison Davis, education
specialist of the University of
Chicago, said a conflict in social
background between students anti
their teachers causes a misdirection
of the abilities of 70 out of every
ICO children in elementary schools.
School subjects too* he said, are
“unrealistic and extremely unin
teresting.”
Report From Youth
More than 500 young people took
part in the sessions, and a repre
sentative group of young people,
who met in small discussion groups
for three months previous, prepar
ed a report on “Youth’s Role in
Society.”
They presented a resolution
pointing out that the US Constitu
tion guarantees the fundamental
equality of all men. Racial, reli
gious, economic and national dis
crimination, they said, have result
ed in the unhealthy growth of
youth and adult alike. They urged
the delegates to “take positive ac
tion to eliminate the cause of dis
crimination ahd to foster an ag
gressive program of civil rights.”
During the five-day conclave, 31
panel discussions were held in
which teachers, clergymen, doctors,
labor union representatives, par
ents, children, social workers, and
many other groups took part. Men
tal health, physical health, school
programs, welfare services, hous
ing, citizenship, and many other
subjects were thoroughly investi
gated, Highlights from several of
the discussions follow:
Responsibility As Citizens
Columnist Marquis Childs declar
ed we are in the present world
crisis due to the “fantastic des
tructiveness” of the greatest war
machine in history. “It was after
World War II,” he said, “that the,
failure of educating our citizens or
world responsibility became most
glaringly apparent.” He blamed the
“timid neutrality” of educators in
the teaching of political and social
sciences. Another cause, he said,'
is the bigness of things. Big busi
ness, big government, and big
unions have made individuals feel
they have no control over their
own destinies, he said.
Employment Opportunities for
Youth
Harry Kranz advocated inviting
officials of labor and management
to speak before high school classes
on the problem of job opportun
ities. Mrs. Betty Donnelly, an
official of the AFL, urged voca
tional guidance workers to rely
THE POTTERS HERALD,lEAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO
more on the help of employers.
“If you ask them to sit down and
work with you, you usually get
cooperation,” she said.
Olga McGee of United Auto
Workers said the automobile in
dustry prefers to hire workers be
tween the ages of 25 and 35 and
does not give young people 18 to
21 a chance at jobs. Other dele
gates pointed out that many em
ployers have refused to hire
youngsters eligible for the draft.
Effect of Income on Family Life
Dr. Eveline M. Burns, professor
of social work at Columbia Univer
sity, reported that “low-level In
come families are typically unable
to make normal contributions to
family members.” Nutrition has
improved, she said we have pro
grams for aid to dependent child
ren, minimum wage legislation, and
some aid to education but we need
more research and more details of
information. We need programs of
children’s allowances, aid to mig
rants and agricultural groups, and
further education of our citizens.
Leo Perlis, executive director of
the Community Services Commit
tee, expressed concern for raising
family income. Perlis suggested
more labor unions and more col
lective bargaining, more equitable
tax legislation and further social
legislation. He said we must change
our incentives and stress the per
sonal values to be gained from, co
operative efforts.
Edward Wyler, secretary of 'the
Kentucky State Federation of
Labor, said there is ,no justification
for the present lack of medical fac
ilities, particularly medical schools.
This country has insufficient hous
ing, Wyler held, and its low-paid
teachers are a disgrace to demo
cracy.
Influence of Mobilization and War
In case of war, infants should
not ne evacuated unless accompan
ied by their mothers, and mothers
of infants should not be employed,
according to Dr. Lois Stolz of
Stanford University. Children aged
three to six may not be overly dis
turbed by the absence of their
father during war, she said, unless
the mother transmits her own fears
to them. Dr. Stolz recommended a
war program centered around the
elementary school, working on a
year-round basis.
AFL Economist Peter Henle said
all plans for children must be gear
ed intp the fight for survival •lur
ing the next five, ten or twenty
years. Donal* 1 Montgomery, of
United Auto Workers, warned that
in estimating the effect of the war
on health services and other needs
of children “we completely under
estimate the productive power of
this country.” The mobilization
program is in bad shape, he said,
and citizens must rally to correct
it.
.Social Security
Robert Ball of the Federal Se
curity Agency pointed out that
even with recent improvements in
the social security act “there re
mains much to be done.” Coverage
must be extended, he said, to in
clude large segments of the popu
lation presently excluded. At pre
sent, too, there is “lack of protec
tion for the disabled or ill person,
and inadequate unemployment in
surance.” He called for some type
of large-scale voluntary or compul
sory health insurance program to
cover “the skyrocketing costs of
medical care.”
Lane Kirkland, of the AFL re
search staff, was more specific.
“Only compulsory health insur
ance provides the answer to provid
ing minimum standards of medical
care,” he said.
Murray Latimer, a social security
expert, said that recent union vic
tories point up the fact that the
employer recognizes he has some
responsibility for the welfare of
his workers’ families. Before the
pension plans were put into opera
tion, he said, retired employes liv
ed on inadequate social security
pensions, and widows were often
forced into the labor market to
supplement meager survivor’s pen
sions.
of Discrimination
from minority group*
Effects
“Children
Comment On
World Events
Th Communist “peace move
ment” has been thoroughly rrpos
ed as a fake but the wor ride
longing for peace is so strong that
people in all nations fool them
selves into believing that the move
ment is the genuine article. Hypno
tized by the word “peace” they do
not care to find out who or whal
is behind the “peace movement”.
The answer may be found in of
ficial Soviet publications. The jour
nal Bolshevik says: “Powerful
forces of the movement of partis
ans of peace, uniting men of good
will on our entire globe, are or
ganizing themselves and rallying
round the Soviet Union. Such an
organized movement of millions of
people is unprecedented in history.
About half a bilLon people have al
ready signed the Stockholm ap
peal.”
In other words, the Soviet Union
is behind the peace movement and
the Stockholm appeal. Among the
millions who have signed this ap
peal are the entire populations (in
cluding the infants) of the USSR,
China and the other satellites.
Why does the Soviet Union pro
mote the peace movement? Not be
cause it is pacifist for according
to the Soviets “pacifism i.s a bour
geous movement opposing all wars”
while the USSR approves of a
number of wars termed “just”,
e. g., war for the “liberation of the
people from capitalist slavery.”
According to the issue of Bol
shevik quoted above, the USSR ad
mits only a very special kind of
peace. The journal says: “Peace
and Communism are indivisible.
This thought, this feeling permeat
ed the whole work of the recent
conference of partisans of peace in
Moscow.” As a further character
ization of the peace meant it might
be mentioned that the conference
sent “flaming greetings” to such
‘partisans of peace as are at pre
sent in the prisons of Greece, India,
Italy, France and other capitalist
countries” and who with rifles and
machine guns in their hands had
attempted to liberate these coun
tries from capitalism and to turn
them Communist.
After this there should be no
doubt that in Bolshevik language
to struggle for peace means to
struggle for communism. There
fore everyone who takes part in
Communist-sponsored peace con
gresses or signs appeals issued by
them thereby engages in the strug
gle for communism.
In the struggle for “peace” (i. e.,
communism) the Soviet Union is
assisted by the Communist parties
in the capitalist countries. “The
Communist and workers’ parties in
all countries march in the first
ranks of the fighters for peace,”
says the Soviet paper Trud (Nov.
4, 1950). Furthermore, by means of
able propaganda and the confusion
of conceptions, the Communist par
ties have managed to attract to the
movement a considerable number
of gullible people, mainly from the
ranks of the non-Communist work
ers’ parties.
“The Bolshevik party has had to
change its tactics, its methods of
combat, to shift from legal forms
to illegal ones, to compromise, to
make agreements wij.h other par
ties, other movements, to dodge, to
retreat in order to advance more
successfully later. Lenin teaches
the Communist parties skillfully to
utilize these diversified tactical
forms, proceeding from the con
crete circumstances of the class
struggle in every country, from the
concrete situation.” (Trud, Nov. 4,
1950).
do not have the fair chance for the
healthy personality development
which is the goal of this Confer
ence,” Dr. Otto Klincberg, profess
or of psychology at Columbia Uni
versity, reported.
“We know that the same poten
tialities exist for children from all
races, groups, and religions. Pre
judice and discrimination are con
trary to the findings of scientific
knowledge, inimical to the teach
ings of religion, and an obstacle to
the working of a democracy. Yet in
our treatment of racial and relig
ious problems, what we do varies
considerably from what we know.
This discrepancy between what we
know and what we do must be
wiped out. Respect for others and
wholesome acceptancez of minority
group members as individuals must
be integrated into our very person
alities and must be part of our
daily living experience.”
Dr. Ralph Novick, a psychiat
rist from Chicago, explained that
“positive mental health” is not pri
marily the concern of the psychiat
rist. It is more the responsibility,
he said, of those people in the com
munity such as parents, teachers,
religious leaders,'social workers,
and nurses, whose activities bring
them into contact with people in
situations where guidance is pos
sible.
Social scientists, said Professor
Hortense Powdermaker of Queens
College, must explore many pro
blems, such as the reaction of the
young to specific movies, popular
songs, radio programs, and popular
fiction, as well as the adolescent’s
ideas, hopes and fears about his
present and future boy-girl rela
tionships.
Greets Cuban President
Havana, Cuba.—Serafino RomuaMi (right), AFL international
representative for South America, chats with President Carlos Prio
of Cuba at the 7th national convention of the Sugar Workers Federa
tion before addressing the convention. At left is Cuba Minister of
Labor Arturo Hernandez Tellaeche.
Compensation Asked For
Victims of Atomic Attack
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).
Congress should provide workmen’s
compensation to cover victims of
an atomic bombing, the 17th Na
tional Conference on Labor Legis
lation declared. State labor depart
ment officials and trade union ex
ecutives designated by 35 govern
ors attended the conference, which
the Secretary of Labor sponsored.
“An effective atomic attack on
one heavily populated area, or even
a single large industrial plant,
could result in so many industrial
injuries as to exceed the resources
and ability of a self-insurer or an
insurance carrier of workmen’s
compensation insurance to furnish
compensation benefits and might
well exceed even the powers of an
entire state to provide such bene
fits,” a resolution adopted
conference said.
by the
appro
a*lequ-
The resolution proposed
priate legislation “so that
ate provisions may be made for
protection, medical care, and in
demnity to the workmen of this
country and their dependents.”
A resolution to federalize state
employment services was passed
over a vigorous dissent. Another
resolution urging consolidation in
the Department of Labor of all fed
eral mediation and conciliation ac
tivities, the National Labor Rela
tions Board and any other related
labor functions was approved.
Knowland Amendment Hit
The conference voted sharp con
demnation of the Knowland amend
ment to the Social Security Act.
The amendment, which organized
labor strongly opposed, limits the
authority of the Secretary of
Labor to withhold payments to the
states of funds for unemployment
compensation.
The resolution on this said that
“we in the several states fully
realize the potential aspects of the
Knowland amendment, particularly
at any time when strike-breaking
and other evils should become
purpose of any administrators
favorable to organized labor.”
the
un-
Labor Conferees
Want USES Under
Federal Control
Washington (LPA) The 17th
National Conference on Labor Leg
islation, composed of state labor
commissioners and union leaders,
has urged that the 1800 state em
ployment offices be returned to
Federal control.
The offices were under US con
trol from 1942 to 1946, but were
returned to the states after the
war although still run with Fed
eral money. Under state control
they are more open to political
pressure than they were under the
Federal government.
The conference, which had dele
gates from 40 states, also urged
Congress to pass a national system
of workmen’s compensation insur
ance to cover atomic attack. It said
one concentrated attack might
bankrupt any insurance company
or even an entire state. It also ask
ed that the National Labor Rela
tions Board and all Federal media
tion and conciliation services be
put under the Department of
Labor.
Secretary of Labor Maurice J.
Tobin told delegates that defense
production has not reached a point
where it is necessary to relax the
10-hour week. He said that the out
come of the current struggle be
tween “a free world and a slave
world” depends on how well train
ed and efficient the productive
force of this country is.
Tobin said the immediate need is
to expand production, now before
“a crisis is upon us.”
Women were called on to parti
cipate in the production effort by
the Committee on Social Problems
of Women and Young Workers and
the Committee on Labor Standards
said that sound labor standards
and good working conditions are
basic to high production.
Unless there is total war
should avoid a national service
whereby workers would be assign
ed to jobs, the Committee on Train
ing said. It recommended the pro
motion of apprenticeship and other
types of on-the-job training.
act
Buy Union-Made goods from
others as you would have them
pay Unioq wages unto you!
WOMEN IN
INDUSTRY
Big steel mills and fabricating
mills in the Youngstown, Ohio area
are reported preparing to open
their doors to women war workers
—welders, machinists and others.
Now in stores, offices and homes,
many of the women stepped into
men’s jobs in World War II and
helped set the highest production
records ever made in Youngstown.
The Youngstown public school
system already has given refresher
training courses to about 60 World
War II women welders to prepare
them for work in one Youngstown
plant that has been swamped with
defense orders.
“And,” explained Walter E.
Barnhill, director of adult educa
tion and supervisor of trade and
vocational training, “we’re ready
to begin on a moment’s notice to
give refresher courses or new
training to thousands of other
women to fit them for the mill
jobs.”
The employment of women in
scores of jobs normally reserved for
men is being made necessary, ex
plained A. E. McCully, manager of
the Ohio State Employment Service
office at Youngstown, by the acute
labor shortage beginning to pinch
the area.
McCully said that the mills will
either hire women or will have a
“rough time” meeting commitments
on defense orders and that the
number of men going back into the
military service is “really begin
ning to hurt” in the Youngstown
district.
Normally, the Youngstown area
has the smallest percentage of wo
men in the labor force of any major
city in Ohio. Youngstown is a
heavy-industry community with 8
huge steel mills and numerous
steel-fabricating plants. Outside of
office jobs, fewer than a dozen con
cerns normally employ women in
shops or factories.
During World War II, however,
Ohio relaxed its laws governing
the employment of women so that
they could work round-the-clock
shifts, avoid the usual rest periods
and fit into continuous-operation
industries.
At least 15,000 women got indus
trial jobs in Youngstowm—jobs as
crane operators or crane followers,
welders, plant clerks, painters,
bricklayers, laborers and section
hands.
When the men returned from
military service the women workers
returned to their homes or to jobs
as domestics, stenographers, school
teachers, retail store clerks, etc.,
jobs paying far from the $300 to
$500 monthly earnings they had
received in the mills.
Organized labor’s many accom
plishments in improving conditions
of women workers in this country
were vividly described by Pauline
M. Newman, educational director
of the Union Health Centers of
New York City and other trade
unionists at the recent annual con
vention of the National Council of
Negro Women in Washington.
In the keynote address at the
session which discussed “The His
tory of Women in the Labor Move-j
ment,” Miss Newman traced Am
erican working women’s lengthy
struggle for economic emancipa
tion, starting with the courageous
action of the girls in Lowell, Mass.,
over ICO years ago who paraded
through the streets in protest
against wage cuts.
Delegates to the council’s con
vention also heard Maida Springer,
New York dressmakers’ business
agent, and Mabel Fuller of the
Local 62 Education Department
lescribe the many opportunities
provided by American trade unions
particularly the International
Ladies’ Garment Workers Union—
to women of all races and creeds
for economic, social and political
development.
WHOLESALE INDEX OF FOOD
PRICES I 10c IN WEEK
New York (LPA)—The whole
sale food price index of Dun &
Bradstreet jumped. 10 cents this
week to $6.77, highest in 27
months. The index is the sum of
the price per pound of 31 foods in
general use.
PACE JIVE
Conference Adopts
Broad Program
To Aid Children
■z.
Washington (LPA) The Mid
century White House Conference
on Children A Youth ended its
five-day sess’— here with adoption
of a broad pi-gram for the benefit
of children. At least three planks
came in for immediate attack after
wards. One will probably be dis
puted for months to come.
It affirmed the principle of sep
aration of church and state “which
has been the keystone of our Am
erican democracy” and declared
the conference “unalterably oppos
ed to the use of the public schools
directly or indirectly for religious
educational purposes.”
Fi al vote on the issue was 1181
to 6j5. The section that was de
feated included recommendations
for community support of “some
plan” for teaching r-’igion to all
children, use of religious text
books in public schools, and college
credit for religious instruction.
Several clergyman delegates
threatened to withdraw frem the
conference after the vote
uuj an
nounced.
Another controversial resolution
supported federal aid to tax-sup
ported public schools, and urged
Congress to consider auxiliary ser
vices, such as transportation and
textbooks, in separate legislation.
A minority wanted such services
for parochial schools to be includ
ed in the recommendation.
A section on housing was over
whelmingly approved, urging full
speed construction of 810,000 low
rent public housing units, develop
ment of a cooperative housing pro
gram geared to the needs of mid
dle-income families, support of the
slum-clearance now getting under
way, and use of the “need prin
ciple” in deciding where defense
housing should, be built.
These recommendations drew an
immediate blast from the real
estate lobby. Frank W. Cortright,
an official of the Nat’l Ass’n of
Home Builders, termed it “a tragic
example of the power of left-wing
groups in the federal government.”
The public housing program should
not be allowed to proceed at this
time, Cortright said, charging that
it is “socialist housing.”
The most rousing support at the
conference was for a resolution
supporting President u a n’s
civil rights program, “because it
represents our faith in and practice
of democracy.” It urged prompt
steps to eliminate all types of
racial and religious segregation,
and appealed to the federal gov
ernment “to abo’*.-h s* -legation in
the nation’s Cap uil, mu...ing Wash
ington the world’s example of a
truly working democratic absence
of discriminatory practices on the
basis of race, creed or color.”
Further recommendations includ
ed suggestions:
That there be further study of
the underlying causes of broken
homes and increasing divorce.
That specific efforts be made to
bring lower income groups to a
higher income level and to increase
their real income by providing a
greater variety of community ser
vice.
That schools, labor, industry, and
other community agencies involved,
and the military services, improve
and expand their personnel, evalu
ation, placement, and vocational
guidance and counseling activities
to serve the interests of the younsr
people and to promote the overall
development and utilization of our
total human resources.
That adequate allowances be
provided for wives and children of
servicemen.
That nursery schools and kinder-^
gartens, as a desirable supplement
to home life, be included as a part
of public educational opportunity
for children.
That children of migrant and
seasonal workers be given all the
protections- and services available
to other children, with special re
gard to transportation, housing,
sanitation, health and educational
services, social benefits, and pro
tection under labor laws.
BE SURE
OF ALL THE
things you wont
That new refrigerator, the sleek
modern car, new furniture for
the living room, the trip to places
you’ve always wanted to see—
they can be yours with regular
savings. Save now for the time
when your dollars will buy a lot
more of the things you’ve want
ed. The time to start is next
payday. Why not visit us then
and walk out with one of our
savings account books and the
certantiy of future happiness in
your pocket!
SAVE now at
First National
Member FDIC
East Liverpool’s Oldest Bank
Phone 914
for happier
SPENDING later

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