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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, December 21, 1950, Image 5

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Thursday, December 21,
Labor Chieftains Address
Roosevelt College Dinner
Chicago (LPA) In a stirring*
display of labor unity, AFL Pres
ident William Green, CIO President
Philip Murray and Machinists’
|’resident Al Hayes addressed a
banquet here De^ 8 to raise money
for liberal Roosevelt College. Green
said he hoped the occasion fore
shadowed another “to celebrate the
formation of a united labor move
The dinner, attended by top mid
western AFL, CIO and IAM lead
ers as well as the national heads,
was held in support of the college’s
Samuel Gompers Memorial Fund,
which will be used to expand labor
education and provide scholarships
for needy students. Keynote was
struck by William A. Lee, president
of the Chicago Federation of Labor,
who said: “Who knows? Maybe our
opportunity to sit
bread will lead to
little differences
here and break
ironing out the
that keep us
Roosevelt Col
students with-
Speakers hailed
lege for admitting
out regard to race, religion or econ
omic class and for putting labor on
a level with other educational
fields. (Both management and
labor are represented on Roose
velt’s board of trustees. President
Walter Reuther of the United Auto
Workers-CIO and Morris Bialis,
manager of the Chicago Joint
Board of the International Ladies
Garment Workers Union-AFL
board members.)
“Up until very recently our
stitutions of higher learning
the most part were either unfriend
ly to the cause of organized labor,
or, if not unfriendly, somewhat
apathetic and aloof,” Murray told
the diners. “Frankly, for many
years the American labor move
ment was suspicious of many of
our colleges for this very reason. ..
“We had the feeling that many
of them were too snobbish to be
come associated in any way with
the labor movement and too caut
ious, too conservative to present
our side of the picture to their stu
dents and to the public at large.”
Green pointed out that Roosevelt
“is the first American educational
institution to give labor education
equal status with other specified
training in the arts, sciences, and
professions.” (The director of the
labor division, Frank McCallister,
ranks equally with the deans of
other divisions.)
In most other schools, Green
said, labor has little or no say.
“Labor, which gave so much to the
cause of popular education and
whose children make up the major
ity of the students, still has rela
tively little influence in its admin
“The very interests who led the
resistance against the expansion of
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educational opportunities are fre
quently in positions of control of
school administration. In many, if
not most, areas, educational facil
ities are in the hands of the en
emies of mass education, rather
than of its friends.”
As a consequence, the AFL pre's
ident said, “Teachers are over
worked and under paid, and those
who engage in union activities or
who try to expose their students
to both sides of current economic
and social questions are often vic
timized. Courses which might help
youth in meeting the responsibil
ities of citizenship are watered
down or slanted to suit the tastes
of reactionary school board mem
“The propaganda of organized
business groups circulates as “edu
cational material’ without chal
lenge, but the children of trade
unionists can go through their en
tire school careers without hear
ing a favorable mention of the
achievements of organized labor or
its place in American history.”
Hayes declared that labor educa
tion will help give working people
their rightful role in American life.
He also noted that disunity in
labor is slowing down union pro
“Labor has been on the defen
sive since the end of the war,” the
IAM head observed. “We have to
expend all of our energy and much
of our resources to hold our ground
or to make inch-length advance....
“How much of our predicament
is due to our own disunity can be
measured, I think, by the strength
we still maintain in our divided
condition. How much stronger we
would be to deal with reaction if
we were united is not difficult to
Among other top leaders at the
banquet were Allan S. Haywood,
CIO vice president and director of
organizations, Joseph D. Keenan,
director of Labor’s League for Pol
itical Education-AFL Willard S.
Townsend, president of the United
Transport Service Employes-CIO
and P. L. Siemiller, general vice
president of the IAM.
Two Meat Unions
Ask Pay Increase
Chicago (ILNS).—Two unions,
one affiliated with the AFL and
the other with the CIO, have join
ed to serve wage increase demands
on major meat packers. The unions
represent about 90 percent of the
200,000 workers in the packing in
The Amalgamated Meat Cutters
and Butcher Workmen of North
America, AFL, and the United
Packinghouse Workers, CIO, asked
that contracts negotiated last Aug
ust be reopened in February for
wage discussions. They set no spec
ific figure.
Both unions won 11-cent hourly
pay rises last August. The agree
ments run for two years, but wage
clauses can be reopened 3 times.
The first wage reopening date is
Feb. 11, and the unions served their
demands jointly Dec. 11 to fulfill
60-day notice requirements.
The notice was served on the
“Big Four” packers—Swift, Arm
our, Cudahy and Wilson—and maj
or independents.
The unions announced that they
would “cooperate closely” in the
forthcoming negotiations as they
did in negotiating the existing
agreements in the packing indus
Not only .our future economic
soundness but the very soundness
of our democratic institutions de
pends on the determination of our
government to give employment to
idle men.—Franklin D, Roosevelt.
This is Our
70th Consecutive Year to Wish
Members of The National
Brotherhood of Operative Potters
A Merry Christmas
and a
Happy New Year
The Frank
Crook Company
Established 1880
Medics Send A Boy
To Do A Man’s Job
Cleveland (LPA) The Ameri
can Medical Association has “solv
ed” the problem of keeping the
nasty old government’s nose out of
medical affairs. It has appropriat
ed $500,000 for unrestricted aid to
the nation’s 79 accredited medical
That comes to $6329.11 per
The bill introduced in Congress
for aid to medical education calls
for $250,000,000. The AMA wants
no part of it. It says “federal sub
sidy has come to be a burden, not
a bounty, for it is bringing intol
erable increases in taxation and it
is dangerously increasing federal
controls over our institutions
the lives of people.’
TEAM THAT’S TAKING ON THE JOB—It will take 60 to 90 days
to build up a staff to administer price and wage controls, the men wno
are to do the job predict. They are, left to right, Price Administrator
Michael DiSalle, Wage Board Chairman Cyrus Ching, and Economic
Stabilizer Alan Valentine. Industry refused to cooperate in voluntary
Washington (LPA)—As the de
mand for controls mounted, manu
facturers kept announcing exten
sive price increases for the first
of the year. It was no secret, that
they were trying to get in
the wire before price lids
clamped on.
to go
Electrical products, tools,
ware, shop equipment, and
metal products were slated
up five to ten percent.
Products on which manufactur
ers announced substantial boosts
in the year’s closing weeks include
tin, up eight cents a pound wrapp
ing and tissue paper, up 25 cents
a ream newspaper, ten dollars a
ton automobile and truck tires,
712 percent shoes selling for un
der $10, up a dollar a pair coffee,
up two cents a pound furniture, up
eight to 20 percent wool carpets,
ten percent (50 percent over a year
ago) rayon fibre, six cents a
pound heavy oil, 25 cents a barrel
records, ten cents each and tele
vision sets, ten percent.
Producers were trying to pin the
blame for the new high prices on
labor costs. Labor economists easily
demonstrate, however, that wage
raises are only a small percentage
of costs and profits are booming.
US Steel started a whole string
of price hikes by raising basic steel
six dollars a ton. General Motors
and Ford followed by announcing
a substantial boost on their 1951
car prices despite a government
request to hold the price line.
A recent survey by Dun & Brad
street showed that eight out of
ten business executives plan to
raise prices on their products the
first of the year. They expect big
ger sales than ever in the first
three months of 1951.
The AMA wants no federal
for medical schools “unless
other means of financing have been
exhausted.” That’s the reason for
the $500,000 gift, which the AMA
hopes will stimulate other organ
izations, businesses and
to give.
from the
The $500,000 came
funds of the National
Campaign, the AMA branch set up
to fight Jthe Administration com
pulsory health program. The money
was tabbed “a realistic blow at
federal subsidies” and the hope
was voiced that “the financial se
curity of our medical schools will
be assured and their freedom pro
Dr. Louis H. Bauer, chairman of
the AMA House of Delegates, ad
mitted the schools are overcrowd
ed now, that financing is “one of
the most pressing problems” fac
ing the profession, and said he
hoped the AMA donation would
“start a chain reaction.”
Dr. Dean Sherwood Luce, 74, of
Canton, Mass., elected “family
doctor of the year,” told the medi
cos that “there is a tendency for
too many doctors to look on medi
cine as a means of gaining influ
ence. There is more to practicing
medicine than just making money
or applying the proper techniques.”
Buy Union-Made goods from
others as you would have them
pay Union wages unto you!
Demand the Union Label.
Joseph N. Weber
Musicians’ Past
Executive Dies
Los Angeles.—AFL Vice Pres
ident Joseph N. Weber, president
emeritus of the American Federa
tion of Musicians which he helped
to found, died at his home in Bev
erly Hills, Calif.
Mr. Weber was born in Austria
Hungary and came’to the United
States when 14 years old. He began
a musical career in this country
playing at the Tabor Opera House
in Denver, Colo. There
musicians he organized
Musical Union.
with other
the Denver
A FL Pres
At the invitation of
ident Samuel Gompers, this Denver
local joined with other musicians’
locals around the country to form
the American Federation of Music
ians at Indianapolis, Ind., in 1896.
Mr. Weber became president of
the musicians’ international union
in 1900 and held the position for
40 years until his retirement in
1940 at the Indianapolis conven
At the AFL 69th convention in
Houston last September, he was
congratulated by President William
Green on the 59th anniversary of
his marriage, Sept. 22, 1891, at
Denver, Colo., to Gisela Liebhqjd.
Mr. Weber was called to the con
vention platform and given an ova
tion by delegates.
He responded by recalling the
early days and difficulties of or
ganizing musicians, through all of
which* Mrs. Weber helped him.
“When I became president of
that organization we had scarcely
6,000 members,” he said. “Because
of a heart attack I was forced to
refuse the nomination for the pre
sidency in the 40th year of my ser
vice and at that time I turned over
170,000 members and 690 local
unions and one of the best organ
ized unions in the American Feder
ation of Labor or anywhere else.
“I had become a fanatic in doing
something for the musicians. Our
economic conditions were very bad.
We had no respect, either socially
or economically from anybody. And
so I became a fantic in this work,
but without the help of my good
wife it would have been impossible
for me to have done the work
which I did do.
“The first desk that the president
of the American Federation of
Musicians had was bought by Mrs.
Weber and paid for at a dollar a
“I joined the American Federa
tion of Labor in 1887 and 1 pre
sided over 40 conventions of the
American Federation of Musicians,
was a delegate to the American
Federation of Labor 53 times, and
a member of the executive council
25 years.
“It was a happy life for both of
us, although a short period. Fifty
nine years is a long time to look
forward to but when I consider my
married life it was only a short
During the Houston convention
Mr. and Mrs. Weber were honored
at a dinner given by the Musicians’
local in that city and attended by
AFM President James C. Petrillo, I
who succeeded Mr. Weber.
Index Of Food Prices
Unchanged In Week
Meanwhile retail egg prices
dropped from 3 to 15 cents, after
a decline in wholesale cash prices
and in egg futures. Wholesale
pi ices dropped 12 to 16 cents in one
day in New York, after outraged
housewives simply stopped buying.
In Washington the government!
warned that bread will probably gol
up a penny later this month. I
Comment On
World Eveoti
More than 5 years after the ces
sation of all mi’itorv hostilities,
the Soviet dictau:„...p and its
Polish and Czechoslovak satellites
continue to hold hundreds of thous
ands of Germans as prisoners of
war. Ir nddition, tota’s*nnan Russia
is hold.ng many thou _j of Jap
anese and Italians. These helpless
folks who have not been allowed to
return to th' ir homelands are now
ruthlessly exploited as slave labor
Here is crushing confirmation of
the unrelenting opposition by the
Soviet despots to the establishment
of normal and friendly relations
among the nations. Here is proof
aplenty of the Kremlin’s utter con
tempt for the universally recog
nized concepts and rules of hurrnn
decency and international law. Th!^
grim mass tragedy shows how
grave is the threat of Russia’s
slave economy to human freedom
and free labor everywhere.
The conviction and punishment,
of German prisoners of war for
postwar offenses committed while
in Soviet captivity are usually acts,
which in free countries, are either
not punishable or entail only light
sentences. In the Soviet Union,
however, such acts have served as
a pretext for sending untold thous
ands to slave labor camps. For in
stance, German war prisoners have
received long terms for offenses
against “socialist property”—like
stealing a few potatoes from a col
lective farm—or “sabotage’’
“anti-Soviet propaganda.”
It is the duty of democratic
world opinion and free world labor
to see to it that the Soviet dictators
are forced to recognize that the
free world will no longer take a lie
for an answer. We urge that the
United States government propose
that the UN send a special com
mission to the Soviet Union to in
vestigate the conditions prevailing
in these camps, to ascertain how
many German prisoners are still
held in Soviet territory and to
recommend the most effective pro
cedure for their earliest liberation
and return to their homelands.
Double Talk,
Toledo Style
Toledo, Ohio (LPA)—For a long
time now, the Toledo papers have
been charging that unionism is
wrecking the town. The Blade ran
an editorial a year ago headed “Is
Gosser Going to Wreck Toledo?”
(Gosser is a vice-president of the
United Auto Workers, and has been
pushing for an area pension plan.
A committee was formed to “save
Toledo’s payrolls.”)
During the congressional cam
paign in which Rep. Tom Burke
was beaten, the theme was that
Burke was a Gosser Stooge and
therefore ought to be defeated.
But that was for home consump
tion. The Blade, is now running an
advertisement in the Automotive
News, headed “10-Year Growth and
Development of Toledo Market.”
The ad details the percentage gains
in business generally, and ends up
“It’s Quite A Showing.”
New York (LPA)—The Dun
Bradstreet wholesale food price in
dex remained unchanged for the
week ended Dec. 12, and stood at
$6.77, highest level in 27 months.
It was $6.82 on Sept. 21, 1948. The
index is the sjim of the price per
pound of 31 foods in general use.
Question: Who’s wrecking what?
New York (LPA) Fifty-one
men who have been members of the
Int’l Brotherhood of Electrical
Workers-AFL 50 years were honor
ed at special ceremonies of Local
3 Dec. 14. All received a badge ami
scroll from the international, and
an inscribed gold watch from Local
Ask for Union Labeled merclian
Senate Group
Clears Rosenberg
Of Red Charges
The inhuman treatment of Ger
man war prisoners in Russia un
masks the hypocrisy of all Society
government statements professing
to harbor friendly intentions to
wards the future of the German
people. The fate of the German war
prisoners in Russia also serves to
expose the German Communists as
agents of Soviet imperialism who
have been assigned the task of
furthering the enslavement of their
own people. ...
During recent years, the AFL
has repeatedly drawn the attention
of world opinion to the grave dang
er which the existence of slave
labor and concentration camps in
the Soviet Union and her satellite
countries presents to the freedom
of all nations. In this connection,
the AFL has vigorously protested
against the treatment of German
and other war prisoners and de
portees in the Soviet union and the
other countries of Stalin’s empire.
As an organization dedicated to
the protection of human rights and
the promotion of genuine world
peace, it is proper that the United
Nations take action to have the
Soviet government ami its satel
lites release all war prisoners for
thwith. Their continued detention
constitutes a flagrant violation of
human rights. As long as many
thousands of war prisoners are not
permitted to return to their homes,
normal peacetime conditions can
not be fully achieved.
Washington (LPA)—The smear
campaign against Mrs. Anna M.
Rosenberg has failed. The Senate
Arrred Services Coi iittee Dec. 14
vcied 13 to 0 to reject all Com
munist-front charges made against
the woman whom Gen. George C.
had asked
“I’ve never heard so much per
jury and misrepresentation”, said
Sen. Estes Kefauver (D, Tenn.) a
member of the committee. He call
ed the charges “disgraceful”. Join
ing him in denouncing the smear
efforts were Sens. Wayne L. Morse
(R, Oregon), Harry P. Cain (R,
Wash.) and Chan Gunfey (R, S.D.),
also members of the committee.
“The charges have been demon
strated to be comp’ ctely without
foundation”, said Su.. Richard B.
Russell (D, Ga.) acting chairman.
Secretary of Defence,
to become an Assistant
in charge of war man-
Even the man who launched the
case against Mrs. Rosenberg had
a change of heart, and told Russell
he was “completely disgusted” with
the case. He is Benjamin Freed
man, a retired New York business
Voluntary endorsements of Mrs.
Rosenberg came from Gov. Thomas
E. Dewey, Gen. Dwight D. Eisen
hauer, Gov.-elect James F. Byrnes
of South Carolina, Bernard M.
Baruch and Nelson Rockefeller.
Gerald L. K Smith, the hate
monger, and Rep. John E. Rankin
of Mississippi were among those
mentioned as having an interest in
the charges. Others mentioned were
Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy of Wis
consin, and a reporter for Fulton
Lewis, Jr., the radio commentator.
Brussels, Belgium, (LPA)—The
International Confederation of Free
Trade Unions can point to some
important achievements in the 12
months since it was bom last Dec
ember in London, according to J.
H. Oldenbroek, ICFTU general sec
retary. Among the achievements
he lists the following (not necess
arily in order of importance):
Establishment of an internation
al headquarters in Brussels when
there now is a staff of 40, includ
ing persons of 12 nationalities
speaking 14 languages. Establish
ment of offices in New York last
July and, more recently, in Singa
pore. Another office will soon be
opened in Geneva, Switzerland.
Enlargement of the number of
workers represented by a million
through the addition of six coun
tries—Colombia, Falkland Islands,
Malaya, New Zealand, Pakistan and
Thailand, plus the Swiss Trade
Union Federation which joined only
provisionally in the beginning.
Establishment of a European
secretariat to coordinate the work
of the ICFTU’s 21-million strong
European affiliates, to discharge
the duties formerly the responsibil
ity of the Trade Union Advisory
Committee to the Marshall Plan
and to coordinate the ICFTU’s
activities in connection with the
Schuman Plan for steel integration.
Sharp blows against the Com
munists in Asia by bringing more
Asiatic workers into ICFTU.
(Burma is expected to join the
Asiatic list noted above.)
Sharp blows to the Communists
in Central and South America
where the Red-led World Federa
tion of Trade Unions is reported
“in a steady decline.”
More heavy blows to the Com
munists in Africa where the Gen
eral Workers Union of Tunis al
ready has left the WFTU and may
join the ICFTU as may other
African labor groups.
Steps toward European integra
tion through participation in such
programs as that offered by the
Schuman Plan. (“In spite of cer
tain reservations, on which we still
have to be satisfied, we are, for in
stance, supporting the Schuman
Plan,” says Oldenbroek. “Many of
the recommendations we have made
for improving it in the interest of
the workers concerned have been
accepted, and we are being asked
to nominate candidates for the
High Authority and other bodies
which will be administering the un
Steps toward the improvement
of the lot of workers everywhere
through activity in the Economic
& Social Council of the United Na
tions in which the ICFTU has con
sultative status, and through activ
ity in the International Labor Of
“We believe, however, that the
totalitarion menace can best be
averted by the implementation of
our demands for social progress,
especially in the under-developed
areas of the world,” Oldenbroek
says. “The executive board at its
last meeting in November adopted
a detailed report on the economic
condition of workers in these coun
tries, which will serve as the blue
print for programs behind which
ve can rally millions of workers
the fight for bread, peace and
Demand the Union Label.
Boss Must Say
Why He Refuses
To Negotiate
Washington (LPA)—The Nation*
al Labor Relations Board has clos
ed another loophole which empb
era have been using to drag
their refusal to bargain with
Ruling for Textile Workers
i .- unst New Jersey Ci rjet Mi"
Englishtown, NJ, the NLRB said
an employer cannot refuse to bar
gain because of technical non-com
pliance with the Taft-Hartley act
by the union.
The’case arose in 1947, immedi
ately after passage of T-H, when
the union had not yet signed non
Communist affidavits required by
the act Actually the union was one
of the first large labor organiza
tions to sign the oaths, but there
was slightly more than a month’s
lapse between the opening of ne
gotiations with the carpet mill and
final approval of its affidavits by
the NLRB.
The company refused to talk to
the union, fired one man for union
activity, and “interrogated em
ployes as to their union member
ship, threatened them with loss of
pay and other disadvantages if the
union entered the shop.” All this
took place in 1947, but it was not
until March 1949 that the company
said it refused to bargain because
of the union’s failure to file the
non-Communist pledges.
The Board has now ruled the dis
charged man, Richard Perrine,
must get his job back with full pay
and that the company bargain with
the union. It has also ruled that jn
future cases the employer mdfct
tell union negotiators immediatay
if he does not want to bargain be
cause of their non-compliance with
The practical effect of this rul
ing wil^ be to speed up bargaining
processes where officers have
changed because of death or elec
tions and their successors have fail
ed to file non-Communist affi
davits. It will probably also apply
in other cases of purely technical
It will knock out the possibility
of a case’s collapsing because an
employer grasps at legal straws.
Now he will be unable to stall a
case along for years and only give
his reason at the last possible mom
Marshall Plan Aid i
To Halt January 1
London (LPA)—Britain cheered
when the government announced
Dec. 13 that Marshall Plan aid will
be suspended Jan. 1, or 15 months
ahead of schedule. Aid was halted
because the dollar deficit has dis
appeared, and because the Ameri
can defense program, which in
cludes military aid to other nations,
will bring new and heavier burdens
on the American economy. The
United Kingdom will still be eli
gible for aid from the Organiza
tion for European Economic Coop
eration (OEEC).
Hugh Gaitskell, chancellor of
the exchequer, pointed out that aid
has been suspended, not terminat
ed, and the question may be recon
sidered later,
Since the start of Marshall Plan
aid in April 1948, the United King
dom has received $2,694,000,000,
which Gaitskell described as an act
of “unprecedented generosity”
which made possible regaining!
economic “independence and pow
er.” Said Anthony Eden, Conser
vative leader: “No generosity could
have been more freely given or
more warmly appreciated.”
PROOF! .•’
that your best buy in cookrnq an
/^automatic GAS
GAS gives you instant full heat!
Even a fraction of a minute delay—as in the
case with some ranges—means wasted fuel. Get
instant heat, cook faster, with GAS.
Use any pans—with GAS!
Some fuels demand flat-bottomed, straight
sided pans that exactly fit the burner. GA S’lets
you use any pan you like—of any size or shape.
GAS burners last the life of the range!
Burners on some ranges .burn out, must be
replaced periodically. But GAS ranges have
lifetime, non-clog burners.
Broil with the door closed!
GA Seats up the smoke. With some other fuels,
you must let the broiler door open, letting
smoke and heat pour out into the kitchen.
Central Bodies-4*
Big Factor hr
Labor Conditions
Champaign, III. (II.NS).—Good
comn.unity relations- uriie«i out
by a central labor union—have a
lot to do with improving the liv
ing star lard' of union members, it
was cmpnu-i^ed by delegates to a
conference on Central Lam Union
Activities held recently at the Uni
versity of Illinois.
“If we can get rm tubers of the
chamber of commute and other
employers to know and work with
us on other things,” one delegate
pointed out, “it will be a lot eai,r
to get better wares and working
conditions in jotiations with
This was one of the main topics
discussed at the conference on
“Making Central Labor Union Pro
grams Work”. The conference was
sponsored by the Illinois State Fed
eration of Labor and conducted by
the university’s Institute of Labor
and Industrial Relations and Divis
ion of University Extension. For
two days representatives from the
ISFL and CLU’s in Illinois discuss
«d the CLU program—what it
ould be and how to make it work.
National and state AFL leaders,
CLU officials in the state, and uni
versity faculty spoke to the group
and served as panel members.
Community Relations Important
Delegates agreed that the main
purpose of the central labor union
is still the traditional one of pro
viding sendees to affiliated unions
and of carrying on AFL legislative
and political activities in their
communities.’ These programs are
being carried out effectively, a poll
of selected central labor unions
However, community relations is
a new and important part of the
CLU program the delegates point
ed out. “Services to unions and re
lations with government will not
be effective,” one delegate pointed
out, “unless we participate in com
munity affairs. Labor should get
The CLU poll showed that few
central labor unions are carrying
on many community activities.
James A. Brownlow, president of
the AFL Metal Trades Department,
spoke on “What Will National De
fense Controls Means for the Labor
Movement.” He said the nation is
entering a period of long-run crisis.
“In the long pull,” he said, “labor
will have to bear the brunt of sac
rifice.” He pointed out that the
AFL is insisting on full participa
tion in policy decisions, and it re
fuses to be an errand boy, carry
ing out policy in which it has no
CLU Activities Broadening
In a welcoming address, Reuben
G. Soderstrom, president of the Ill
inois State Federation of Labor,
emphasized that the most import
ant function of a central labor
union is in drawing all of the
unions in the municipality togeth
er. “In most Illinois communities,”
he said, “the CLU’s have not only
succeeded in representing wage
earners, but have also gained and
retained the respect of all the other
elements in the community.”
In a talk on the historical de
velopment of the CLU, Phillips L.
Garman of the U. of I. Institute,
pointed out that in recent years
political activities have been in
creased “as it becomes clear that
many of labor’s goals cannot be
achieved by collective bargaining
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oay Union wages unto you!
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