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Thursday, December 28, 1956
Cables Support To Acheson Truman Backs Secretary Washington (LPA)—In a cable to Dean Acheson, Dec. 19, Pres ident Philip Murray expressed his organization’s full support of the embattled Secretary of State. Acheson received the cable in Brussels, Belgium, where he was engaged in negotiating the estab lishment of a North Atlantic Pact army to be commanded by General Dwight Eisenhower. “We deplore the irresponsible and unsubstantiated attacks upon you at this time while you are engaged in representing our nation in these important negotiations,” Murray said. “We are confident that you will do all in your power to bring the Brussels meeting of the North Atlantic Council to a successful conclusion.” On the eve of Acheson’s depar ture for Brussels, Republicans in House and Senate passed party resolutions urging the Secretary’s ouster on the ground that he’d lost the nation’s confidence. Stories from Europe immediately indicated that Acheson’s bargaining position had been undermined by the GOP action. Acheson has been under fire for nearly a year from GOP Sen ator Joe McCarthy of Wisconsin, William Knowland of California, William Jenner of Indiana and others. They have charged him and General Marshall with appeasing the Communists in the Far East. They have also accused Acheson of harboring Communists in gov ejpment and of virtually being a Communist himself. Acheson’s admirers have count ered strongly by pointing out that he was the chief author of the Marshall Plan to forestall Com munism in Europe, a constant foe of Communism in Asia and invent or of a maneuver by which the Russians were outflanked recently in the United Nations. After the Congressional Repub licans (with a few dissenting voices) demanded Acheson’s dis missal, his friends at home began to speak up loudly in his behalf. Loudest voice of all was that of President Truman. Said the Chief Executive at his Dec. 19 press con ference: “There have been new attacks within the past week against Sec retary of State Acheson. I have been asked to remove him from of fice. The authors of this sugges tion claim that this would be good for the country. “How our position in the world would be improved by the retire ment of Dean Acheson from public life is beyond me. Mr. Acheson has helped shape and carry out our policy of resistance to Communist imperialism. From the time of our sharing of arms with Greece and Turkey nearly four years ago, anil coming down to the recent moment when he advised me to resist the Communist invasion of South NOW is the time to save of Never was there a time greater incentive to save regul arly from every pay check. Every dollar of your “money in the bank” will be a bigger dollar capable of buying more of the things you want later on. Never was there a better time to come in and see us about starting a savings account. You’ll find a friendly welcome. SAVE now at First National Member FDIC East Liverpool’s Oldest Bank Phone 914 for happier SPENDING later Korea, no official in our govern ment has been more alive to Com munism’s threat to freedom or more forceful in resisting it. “It was the same sort of thing that happened to Seward. (Ed note: William H. Seward was Secretary of State in the 1860’s.) Lincoln was asked by a group of Republi cans to dismiss Secretary of State Seward. He refused. So do I re fuse to dismiss Acheson. “If I did anything else, it would weaken the firm and vigorous posi tion this country has taken against Communist aggression. If those groups attacking our foreign policy and Mr. Acheson have any alter native policies to offer, they should disclose them. They owe it to their country. This is a time for hard facts and close thinking. It is not a time for vagde charges and pious generalities. There are some Re publicans who recognize the facts and the true reason for these at tacks on Secretary of son and who do not their colleagues. “This nation needs of all its people. This great peril. It is a time for unity, for real bi-partisanship. It is a time for making use of the great talents of men like Dean Acheson. Communism—not our own country —would be served by losing him.” The SEC defines liquid saving as “saving in the form of currency and bank deposits, equity in sav ings and loan associations, private and government insurance and pen sion reserves, securities, and re payment of mortgage debt and other consumer debt.” The SEC reported “moftgage debt" of individuals increased $1.8 billion in the third quarter of 1950, a new record rate. Other consum er debt also showed a substantial increase, $1.7 billion.” Time and savings deposits de clined a record of $800 million and currency holdings decreased about $100 million. Whereas “net security holdings” of individuals went up $100 million in the third quarter of 1949, they went down $300 million in the third quarter of 1950. The drop was most marked in holdings of US government securities. The folks are cashing in their bonds, and not buying new ones. Buy Union-Made goods from others as you would have them pay Union wages unto you! Demand the Union Label. Fumiture—Stoves Bedding—Curtains Drapery—Rugs—Carpets Paint—Appliances Dinner & Cooking Ware Seven Floors of Quality Furniture and AU Furnishings To Make a House a Comfortable Homo Established 1880 East Liverpool Ohio Convenient Terms CROOK’S •*THE BEST PLACE TO BUY AFTER ALL' i- .- State Ache agree with the wisdom is a time of Liquid Savings Drops Lowest In 3rd Quarter are and the Washington (LPA)—Prices going up, taxes have gone up are going up a lot more and people have virtually no money put away. Worse, they’re in hock up to their ears. That is the gist of a report by the Securities and Exchange Com mission on “Volume and Composi tion of Individuals’ Saving, July Sept. 1950.” The report shows that the public’s liquid saving has melt ed away to a nominal level. The report shows that total liquid saving of individuals in the third quarter of 1950 was $100 million. In the same period in 1949 the fig ure was $1.4 billion. That’s a drop of $1.3 billion. Liquid saving in 1950 was less than one-fifth of 1 percent of income after taxes, com pared with a rate of over 2 percent in 1949 and 6 percent before the war. Put another way, the rate of liquid saving before the war was 30 times that of this year, and in 1949 it was 10 times what it has been in 1950. -OwwwW Mfr. A MAKE MOMENTOUS DECISIONS Washington President Truman and Prime Minister Clement Attlee of Great Britain, who is a dues-paying member of Great Britain’s Clerical and Administra tive Workers Unions, reach accord in prosecuting the war against Communism in Korea and strengthening defenses in Europe against Soviet Russia. ILO GROUP SUGGESTS PLAN TO BENEFIT PLANTATION WORKERS Washington, D. C. (ILNS). A series of recommendations aim ed at improving the living and working conditions of plantation workers throughout the world were adopted at the first session of the International Labor Organization’s Committee on Work gnd Planta tions, recently held at Bandoeng, Indonesia. The committee’s proposals, which included organization of plantation workers, unions, were embodied in a series of resolutions which will go before the ILO’s governing body meeting in Geneva next Feb ruary for necessary action. 10-Point Program Asked In the resolutions, the commit tee: (1) Requested the ILO to un dertake a number of studies relat ing to the conditions of’plantation workers (2) Recommended that provision of medical foods free or at concession rates to counteract nutritional diseases (3) Urged the extension to plantation workers of legislation providing for maternity protection and for compensation of employment injuries (4) Urged that food and clothing not be sold by employers at a profit, and that cooperatives stores be extended (5) Recommended national legisla tion to assure hygienic and com fortable houses (6) Urged that employers should provide free medical services where they are not provided by the state (7) Urged that workers should organ ize themselves into independent and democratically controlled unions, and that employers should remove any existing hindrances to trade union organization (8) De clared that wages should provide an adequate living standard for the worker’s family (9) Recommended that professional recruiting shoudl be abolished as soon as practicable (10) Proposed the abolishment of penal sanctions for breaches of work contracts. The committee meeting was at tended by government, employer and worker representatives from 12 countries: Belgium, Ceylon, Cuba, France, India, Indonesia, Liberia, the Netherlands, Pakistan, the Philippines, Portugal and the United Kingdom, with an observer delegation from Viet Nam, as well as from the United Nations and UN agencies. Betterment Held Urgent Minister of Labor Suroso of In donesia told the delegates that it was “clear that standards of living and working conditions dating back to colonial times” were no longer acceptable. He said his government therefore “intended to complete the revision of our old labor legis lation.” V. K. R. Menon, secretary of the Indian Ministry of Labor and chair man of the committee, said that “betterment of life in the South east Asia region, which employs 95 percent of the world’s total plantation labor, is a matter of particular urgency.” The committee examined basic problems common to plantation workers, and discussed methods of securing, within the framework of the ILO, consideration of the spec ial problems of the different branches of plantation workers. Jef Rens, assistant director-general of the International Labor Office, said that it was the ILO’s “earnest wish” that the committee would contribute to reducing “the still excessive differences in social con ditions between the industrial workers of Europe and the agri cultural workers of Asia and Latin i America.” WHAT NEXT? A new wool spinning device, which experts say may prove the most revolutionary invention since the mechanical spinning jenny, is being tested at Bradford, England. The device is expected to simplify wool spinning and save time and labor. No details have been made public, but the invention is said to eliminate 3 or 4 operations now necessary in worsted spinning. It is expected |o cheapen production costs and release for other work labor now required in spinning op erations. Ask for Union Labeled merchan dise. THE POTTERS HERALD. EAST LIVERPOOL. OHIO i ,* r- 7 1 v '-L- y-4 J-7' Comment On World Events Peace through revolution. That’s the arresting idea of Boris Shuh, explained in “The Choice,”- a new book published by Duell, Sloane and Pearce. Shub tackles the nightmare now haunting the peoples of the u’orld —is a third world war inevitable? Honest folks everywhere debate the prospects and venture their prophesies. All agree that we have to be prepared and strong—that time must not be wasted. They rea son that since the Kremlin is the source of the danger, the Kremlin will be the one to cast the die. And therefore nothing can be done to stop it. Boris Shub is different—he already smelled success—and be lieves something can be done. Labor Reports of New York says that Shub “knows the Russian peo ple intimately, speaks their lan guage and has an up to date in sight into their frame of mind. They dream of freedom and hate the Stalin tyranny. But they think they have no friends or allies and so must put up with their masters as long as they are too isolated to make a change by themselves.* Labor Reports goes on to say “Shub proposes a revolutionary weapon: the F-Bomb. ‘F’ stands for FRIENDSHIP with the Russ ian people. He advocates that the free world spend a portion of its defense resources to give the Russ ian people a new faith in a better future, to encourage and strength en their forces of revolt, and to weld a bond of FRIENDSHIP be tween them and their freedom-lov ing allies outside. “A Kremlin that is uncertain of its people is bound to retreat. In ternal weakness is a powerful seda tive. “On a small scale the Shub plan proved successful in Germany. The techniques were worked out and applied during the critical days of the Berlin blockade. On a larger scale the plan may make World War III not as inevitable as many believe. No other country knows better than Russia the danger of fighting on two fronts—against the enemy within and the enemy without. “The Choice’ unveils the inner workings of the present day Russ ian, the techniques used to reach him, and outlines a program to re duce the Kremlin to its real size. Trade unionists who are interest ed in the international scene will find this volume a challenge and a treat.” Speaking of Russians as inven tors the farcial pronouncements in Moscow’s press to the effect that the Kremlin’s subjects were the original inventors of railroads, steamboats, electric lighting, tele graph, radio, airplanes and a mul titude of other modern gadgets ap pear doubly amusing in the light of a quotation from one of Tur genev’s best known novels, “A House of Gentlefolk,” written about 80 years ago. Panshin, one of the characters in that novel, thus addresses himself to a group of his friends: “Russia has fallen behind Europe we must drive her on. It is maintained that we are young—that’s nonsense. Moreover, we have no inventive ness: Homakov (another leading character in the Turgetaev story) himself admits that we have not even invented mousetraps. Consequently, whether we will or no, we must borrow from others.” Panshin’s remarks were not dis puted by his audience.—M. D. Danish, in “Pins and Needles” column of Justice, International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union. Pittsburgh Drivers End Strike Pittsburgh (LPA)—After a 29 day strike, drivers for Pittsburgh’.' thrtfe largest department stores have won a 20-cent pay raise and cut their work week from 43 to 40 hours. More than 500 members of the AFL Teamsters union are cov ered by the three-year contract, which is retroactive to Nov. 1. AFL Certain To Pledge No Strikes If President Asks Washington, D. C. (ILNS). The American Federation of I the United Labor Policy Commit Labor’s 8,600,000 members will forego strikes during the national emergency if President Truman asks them to, AFL President Will iam Green pledged on the federa tion’s weekly radio program. Green declared he was certain AFL members would “respond fully” to a presidential request for no strikes and pointed out that he gave a no-strike pledge during World War II, as did Philip Mur ray, president of the Congress of Industrial Organization. John L. Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers, was the only labor leader to refrain. Urges Wage Parity The AFL chief said that labor is “ready to go more than half way” in joining with management and farmers in programs to increase defense production. But he added that before any wage stabilization program is put into effect, labor wants pay brought into parity with prices. He admitted, however, that “some form” of wage stabilization may be inevitable. He noted that the AFL, CIO, railroad brotherhoods and the inde pendent International Association of Machinists have banded to form President Walter P. Reuther, of the Auto Workers, appearing be fore the Wage Stabilization Board suggested that the Board accept the pattern established in current auto contracts. The pacts provide cost-of-living raises whenever prices go up, as well as annual “improvement” raige, to give work ers some of the gravy from higher productivity. Reuther declared about a third of the nation’s production workers are already covered by such agree ments, and declared that the dis puted provisions “both are essent ial tools with which we can achieve economic stability and maximum defense and essential civilian pro duction.” They would not be inflationary, he said, because “effective price controls will make cost of living wage increases unnecessary” and the higher productivity, “on which the annual base rate increases are promised, itself provides the means for meeting such increases without raising prices.” To tamper w’ith the auto con tracts, he said, would make the wage board “a party to a disastrous unstabilizing of wages in the one great sector of the American in dustrial economy in which wages have been successfully stabilized for five years to come.” Aircraft and agricultural implement work Medical Association Trying To Rewrite History Says Biemiller Biemiller recalled that the AMA, on the issue of federal aiiLto medi cal schools, has changed its mind four times that after approving a Senate bill, the AMA blocked ex actly the same bill in the House. He noted that although the AMA said Biemiller and the CIO lied about the AMA position, there were sup porting statements from medical educators arid deans, a number of professional groups, the Hoover Commission, and the press, includ ing Collier’s, Harper’s, the Atlan tic Monthly, Nation, New Republic, NY Times, Louisville Courier Journal, and NY Post. Biemiller documented another charge that Dr. Henderson called an outright lie. That was that the AMA had fought bitterly against voluntary plans when first propos ed, and still harasses consumer operated plans. He quoted the proof from the AMA Journal and other AMA publications. He quoted a' 1948 speech by Dr. Paul Hawley, chief executive officer of the Blue1 Gross and the Blue Shield Com missions. Hawley called on thej medical profession to at once ‘cease its double-talk and double dealing with the voluntary non profit prepayment plans, and throw its influence squarely and honest ly behind those plans.” Unless the medics did so, Hawley predicted, ‘we are going to have compulsory tee to make .mobilization and stab ilization recommendations to the government. The committee hopes to draw up a “fair and equitable” price-wage policy, Green said and submit it to the White House soon. Warning to Teamsters Indianapolis (ILNS).—A warn ing against wildcat strikes was given by Daniel J. Tobin, president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters in a statement issued here. Tobin said that about half a million members of the brotherhood are involved in 2-year contracts expiring at the end of December. “I am ordering my union mem bers to remain at work until their requests for stoppages are granted by the international unions,” he announced. Tobin sharply criticized the unau thorized strike of railroad yard workers and said he was protesting to W. P. Kennedy, president of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. He said the strike should be ended “as soon as possible in the inter ests of humanity.” Tobin’s protest was sent a few hours before the walkout ended. HEAD OF AUTO WORKERS OFFERS PLAN FOR STABILIZING WAGES Washington (LPA)—The gov-' emment has been offered a for mula for stabilizing wages during the emergency without lowering the standard of the American wage earner. ers are included in the UAW’s ranks. In a statement to the press, Reuther said that “we shall suc cessfully meet the challenge of Communist tyranny and make free dom secure in the world only if we achieve all-out mobilization of our human ami material resource-. This will require overall long range planning and use of our total re sources. “Unrelated pin-point attacks and improvisation on the anti-inflation front will complicate, not facilitate, the job ahead.” The auto union chief released a letter sent to Economic Stabiliza tion Administrator Alan Valentine, nearly six weeks ago. In it, he outlined the facts, and warned that if government action, under wage stabilization or otherwise, cripples any of these provisions, the entire contracts will be considered can celled, and subject to renegotiation. “It is our firm conviction,” he said, “that such wage agreements are not only thoroughly compatible with, but also reflect some of the equities that are indispensable in gredients of any program of wage stabilization in a democracy.” With the world situation we face, there’s no telling how long we’ll be in this thing, Reuther pointed out. “Therefore,” he said, “the long range equity of workers and low-income groups must be considered in a different light than might be the case if the emergency were of a short or definable dura tion.” Washington (LPA) Rep. An-* 77" drew J. Biemiller (D, Wis.) laid it government health insurance with- on the line in the House Dee. 20. He gave a detailed reply to Dr. Elmer Henderson, president of the American Medical Association, who had charged a previous Biemiller speech contained “outright lies.” Biemiller has been one of the Administration stalwarts backing health legislation. He said Hender son’s reply to him was an attempt to rewrite American medical his tory. He called the AMA record “one of almost unparalleled opposi tion to social and economic pro gress, blindness to need, and resist ance to reform.” One by one, Bie miller quoted the Henderson con tentions, and then gave the facts. in three years.” Biemiller quoted another Hend erson statement that “the Asso ciation never opposed the principle of workmen’s compensation legis lation.” In reply, Biemiller quoted from a book by Carl Malmberg, former information specialist for the US Public Health Service and former chief investigator for the US Senate subcommittee on health and education. Said Malmberg: “The medical societies w’ere among the most bitter opponents of work men’s compensation w’hen it was first proposed.” Biemiller also cited his authority for listing organized medicine’s op position to free vaccination again.-t diphtheria and other contagious diseases, to venereal disease clinics, to the development of public health techniques for halting other com- municable diseases, to local public health units, and to the civilian blood bank system of the Red Cross, DEFENSE BOSS Charles E. Wilson (above) has resigned as president of General Electric to head the new Office of Defense Mobilization. ODM will direct the entire defense production program. ■. •4-,‘ U. OF ILLINOIS HOLDS LABOR CONFERENCE—Two AFL officials discuss entral Labor Union activities with W. Ellison Chalmers (left), director of the University of Illinois Institute of Labor & Industrial Relations. They are Ruben Soderstrou (center), president of the state federation, and Stanley Johnson, secretary-treasurer. John son introduced James A. Brownlow, president of the AFL Metal Trades Dep’t., main speaker at the two-day conference. Conferees Agree On EPT Bill To Raise $3.3 Billion Washington (LPA)—House and Senate conferees compromised Dec. 22 on an excess profits bill which would raise more than either cham ber had provided, but which fell far below what labor had called for. The compromise will raise an estimated $3.3 billion a year. The House version called for $3 billion, and the Senate version for $3.2 billion. Both versions have been condemned by labor as far too low, and both measures have been as sailed by labor as inadequate in other respects. ’The compromise measure raises the normal corporation tax from 45 percent to 47 percent, which would mean a tax of 77 percent on earn ings defined as excess profits. The House version had called for a tax of 75 percent on excess profits, and made no provision for raising the regular corporate tax. The House had set a ceiling of 67 percent on total taxes, and the Senate had set 60 percent. The compromise was 62 percent. However, the Senate had eased many of the House definitions of what constitutes excess profits. The net result is that profits 85 per cent of the best three of the four years 1946-49 will be called normal, and the rest will be excess. The compromise sets an expira tion date of July 1, 1953. The Sen ate bill had set Jan. 1, 1953, and the House had set no termination date. The Senate promptly approved the compromise, by voice vote, without debate. The House will not act on the compromise measure until Jan. 1. ‘No Appeasement,’ Says AFL Review Washington (LPA) ‘Moscow has chosen the Far East for its first vital decision in its war for world conquest,” says the AFL Monthly Survey. “If we fail to stand by the people who long to preserve their freedom there, the next step will be invasion of Eu rope and of Japan. “We cannot afford to yield fur ther, either in negotiations or on the battlefield, to communist de mands to control Korea anil For mosa, nor can we reward the seiz ure of power by the Soviet Chinese with a membership in the United Nations. Our government has taken the position of no appease ment therefore we should rally all free nations to oppose admission of Communist China before we use the veto against their entry to pro tect basic UN principles of free dom.” Accordingly, says the Survey, we must move swiftly. At home, free institutions should be strengthened by “proper labor-management rep-1 resentation in defense industries” and communist subversion and sab-1 otage must be guarded against. In the world, the Voice of America must carry our message of resist ance to tyranny to offset Soviet propaganda. In addition, the US must support those fighting for freedom in both Europe and the Far East, the AFL publication declares. At the same time, the military forces of the At-' lantic Pact nations should be mo bilized with the Germans partici pating and the Schuman Plan for steel should be put into effect to speed European unity. Samuel Gompers, first president and founder of the AFL, is quoted as having said: “Only people whoi are willing to maintain their rights' and defend their freedom are worthy of those privileges.” That’s why the US must be “clear and strung in moral issues” inside the United Nations, the Survey says. So far as the Far East is con cerned, the Survey thinks the com munists have seized power in China but haven’t subjugated the Chinese people. It believes that anti-coin munist Chinese are eager to “throw out the Moscow agents who con trol only the Red Chinese Army, the highways, transportation and a few cities.” In addition, there will be thousands of desertions from the Red Chinese Army if the West stands solidly behind anti-commun ist forces, the monthly magazine concludes. Ask for Union Labeled merchan dise. PAGE FIVE Illinois Labor's Political! Future I .1 I (From AFL Auto Worker) Never has the American Federa tion of Labor given more thought and effort to a political project than it did in mobilizing its mem bers for the 1950 elections. Never before have all sections of the labor movement—the AFL, the CIO, the Machinists, the Railway Brotherhoods, and the Independents —worked together so closely and in such harmony. Never have labor unions held such high hopes that a venture would be crowned with success. In light of these facts, what hap pened After many hours of discussion and thorough study of the election returns it must be clear to every one that the major factor in the disappointing outcome was that we did not persuade enough members of the labor movement to register and vote. It is as direct and as simple an explanation as that. The rank and file members of our unions did not consider their true interests, politically, to be what their leaders said that they were, and which we should all now be convinced really are. Surely we cannot be wrong in our position that labor should elect its friends and defeat its enemies. Evidently, we did not work hard enough—despite our increased ac tivity this year over other years. We did not work hard enough in our political education job and, more important, at our organiza tional job. Consequently, the international union is recommending that all sections of the United Automobile Workers of America, AFL, call conferences early in January for every steward and executive board member of every local. We recom mend that the one item on the agenda be a consideration of the mechanics necessary to establish a union member as captain of every city precinct or comparable poli tical unit in rural districts. Simple directives should be given to these precinct workers to help them in getting acquainted with the families in their district. Ob viously, one of the points of in formation which should be card catalogued as soon as possible by each precinct leader, is the poli tical preference of every member of each family. For the present, the openly anti labor citizens can be forgotten we will have a large enough job for the next two years just getting better acquainted with the pro labor citizens as well as the inde pendent and undecided voters. These regional conferences must set up machinery to check quarter ly or more frequently, activities of these political stewards. If they fail to function, they must be re placed, just as the plant steward who does not do his job well is re placed. Most important, these leaders in a relatively new field for labor must be given the prestige, honor, and co-operation of a local union president or chief shop steward. If we do this, organized labor can win in 1952. SOVIET EMBASSY DOESN’T DESERVE UNION LABOR Washington (LPA)—The Soviet Embassy doesn’t deserve to bene fit by the skill that only union men and union contractors could give, according to AFL Plumbers and Fitters, notes John Herling, editor of Herling’s Labor Letter. “So, let them use scabs,” he says. Herling was commenting on the recent furor caused by the revela tion that in the installation of fire hose outlets at the Embassy, non union labor was used. SHIP WORKERS WIN UNION SHOP POLL AT BETHLEHEM Baltimore (LPA) —*Shipbuilding Workers at eight Bethlehem yards have won a union shop election, ten to one. The ship workers are now negotiating for a wage raise, which union officials say is necessary to keep skilled workers from leaving for other industries. Of 15,415 eligible to vote in the NLRB poll, 10,599 cast their bal lots in favor of a union shop 1043 against.