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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, January 04, 1951, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1951-01-04/ed-1/seq-2/

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The request for approval was
turned down without even the cour
tesy of a hearing. As a result, the
Federated Trades Assembly has
voted to withdraw from the Coun
cil, charging the council’s refusal
“was practically railroaded through
without regard to the facts in the
case”, according to the Duluth
Labor World.
The Assembly is also getting in
touch with other labor groups to
discuss the possibility of forming a
labor campaign review council “to
guide its giving.”
Group Health Medical Services,
Inc., which is conducting the labor
indorsed drive for funds to open
Arrowhead hospital, pointed out
that this is the first major fund
ruiJng campaign in which labor
has a top interest which has been
submitted to the review council.
Ph ieiang dominate the sub
committee of the council which
looked into the matter. They re
vealed they oppose any plan for
prepaid hospital care that differs
from their own Blue Cross plans,
and that they would fight the
Arrowhead program although sen
timent for Arowhead is strong in
West Duluth. The reasons the sub
committee gave to the hospital
drive planning committee are open
to challenge, labor men pointed out.
The doctors said Duluth has 8.7
beds per 1000 population, while 4
beds per 1000 is considered ade
quate. However, revised 1950 state
health department figures show
Duluth has 5.2 beds per thousand.
If one takes in the region for which
Duluth is the medical center—Du
luth, Grand Rapids, Deer River,
Bigfork, Grand Marais, Two Har
bors, Floodwood, Cloquet and
Moose Lake—there are only 3.7
beds per 1000 population. Further,
Iron Range cities a|no utilize Du
luth hospitals and no range popu
lation figures are used in comput
ing beds here.
The sub-eommittee also said a
hospital of*W bels in uneconomical.
The fact is that the greatest per
centage of the nation’s hospitals
are 50-bed or less and most are
operating economically.

The doctors also argued there is
no emergency factor in West Du
luth, but the fact is that the great
est segment of the Duluth popula
tion is in the industrial western
section, miles from the concentrat
ed downtown hospital facilities, and
that ambulance runs are particul
arly treacherous in the long winter
The arguments and figures given
by the doctors against the Arrow
head proposal are in direct conflict
to those used to build sentiment
for donations in past hospital
building drives here, pointed out
Frank Welsh, editor of the Labor
Buy Union-Made goods from
others as you would have them
pay Union wages unto you!
Demand the Union Laliel.
Doctors Block Drive For
Funds For Co-op Hospital
Duluth, Minn. (LPA)—.Doctors/- ________
here have blocked a fund drive for
a co-op hospital in West Duluth
backed by labor. They did it indir
ectly by having the Duluth Cam
paign Review Council refuse to
approve the drive.
The Council is a non-official
group which jmsses on proposed
fund drives. Organized medicine is
not represented officially, but the
doctors threw their weight around
through other organizations which
do have representation.
When ordering flowers be
sured of fresh beauty—plus—an
added touch of floral design.
Phone 439 where ©very order
receives the in hvidual attention
of a fl—ul expert
Established by
Phone Main 439
‘Able And Willing
Miners’ Contract
Approved By NLRB
Washington (LPA) Approval
of the “willing and able” clause in
United Mine Workers’ contracts by
a National Labor Relations Board
trial examiner may lead to renew
al of the unibn’s control of coal
The clause, dropped from I960
contracts after much haggling, had
been used by union chief John L.
Lewis to put members of the union
on short work weeks when produc
tion needed “stabilizing”. The
UMW insisted this was needed be
cause operators refused to join with
the union in plans to allocate work
So that all union
men would share
Examiner Arthur
in recommending
Actually, Trial
Neff, split hairs
[dismissal of charges by four coal
[producing groups that Lewis and
the UMW had “bargained in bad
Neff said that if Lewis had “ada
mantly insisted” on the clause as
the operators claimed, then he
would have been guilty. However,
Neff said, Lewis wanted to bar
gain and that “. limitations on
working hours per day and work
ing hours per week, the fixing of
holidays, vacation periods, and the
like. .” are properly subjected to
“Merely because the limitation
the union was seeking was not a
fixed one, but one that was adjust
able to changing industrial condi
tions, did not make it any less a
matter for negotiation,” Neff said.
The trial examiner also dismissed
charges that the UMW violated the
Taft-Hartley act by illegally de
manding a union shop, welfare fund
benefits for union members only,
and memorial work stoppage per
Neff again split hairs by saying
that Lewis would “clearly” have
violated T-H if he had “insisted”
on the union shop (which can only
be voted by workers) and the dis
criminatory welfare fund—but that
neither issue ever came up for bar
gaining. He ruled that the mem
orial stoppage clause, like the “able
and willing” clause was not illegal
in itself and that only a “closed
mind” demand by the union would
have been illegal.
Employers Refuse
To Hire Reserves
Washington (LPA)—“Refusal to
hire reservists or National Guards
men is a policy that few employers
will care to defend publicly,” de
clares The Machinist of Jan. 4,
1951, in an editorial.
Yet, says the crack I AM weekly,
that is what many employers are
doing. Reservists and Guardsmen
can whistle for jobs if 'they need
them, as far as these employer
are concerned, or if they already
have jobs can whistle for promo
“In almost any other country,
a man who volunteers for service
in the armed forces win# recogni
tion and respect,” The Machinist
points out. “Certainly, he isn’t pen
al ized because he thinks enough of
his country to want to help defend
it. Congress has done nothing
to protect members of the Reserves
and the Guard from such discrim
ination. So once again, it is up to
the unions to see that grave injus
tices are not done.”
Ask for
Union Labeled merchan­
(X-Ray Fitting)
East Sixth Street
5 Per Cent Monthly Reduction
The Potters Savings & Loan Co.
CHAS. W. HENDERSHOT, Vice President
IOS. M. BLAZER, Treasurer W. E. DUNLAP, Ir Attorney
ILGWU HISTORY BEST SELLER.—New York.—The 50th anni
versary of the AFL International Ladies Garment Workers headed
by AFL Vice-President David Dubinsky is a bent seller at Macy s. The
handsome volume has gone into a second printing for public sale. It
was prepared by the staff of Justice, ILGWU official newspaper.
Lop-Sided ’Educational* Group
A Lobby House Group Declares
Washington (LPA)—First you4
get yourself a highsounding name.
Then you get a few very important
persons to serve as a board of dir
ectors and perhaps a board of ad
Then you hire some writers who
share your views and you start
peddling books and pamphlets to
Congressmen, universities, schools
and churches denouncing labor
unions and spreading the word that
the New and Fair Deals have been
dragging the country toward the
hot place.
But you stress that you are an
educational service. On all your
publications you say that the auth
ors’ opinions are their own, that
you aren't responsible for them.
You’re simply sponsoring free and
independent research into all sides
of every question. That way you
figure you don’t have to call your
self a lobby because you’re educat
ing people including Congressmen.
You’re not trying to influence leg
islation. (Perhaps people won’t
notice that all your writers think
along identical lines.)
That’s essentially the way the
American Enterprise Association
works, according to a report filed
by the House Select Committee on
Lobbying Activities. The commit
tee, headed by Rep. Frank Buch
anan (D, Pa.), thinks the associa
tion ought to register under the
Lobby Registration Act of 1946.
By no coincidence, the associa
tion’s bankers, by and large are the
same people who back such anti
labor outfits as the Committee for
Constitutional Government, the
National Education Council and
Foundation for Economic Educa
President of the American En
terprise Association is Sinclair
Weeks, one-time Republican Sena
tor from Massachusetts, Republi
can National Committeeman and
chairman of the board of the Unit
mi Car Fastener Co. Other execu
tives of the organization have
similar backgrounds. Chairman of
the board of directors is Lewis H.
Brown, who also chairs the board
of the giant Johns-Manville Corp.
Board of advisers is studded with
conservative college professors,
business men and writers.
The association’s main activities
are publishing. Its publications in
clude a series of “studies" of na
tional economic problems and once
included as economic survey series.
Until recently, Weeks, Brown and
company paid a Washington law
firm $25,000 a year to “analyze”
bills before Congress. This service
probably will be resumed.
The association, whose annual
budget is about $170,000, makes no
secret of its big business backing.
A list of firms contributing $500
or more to its support looks like a
roster of the nation’s financial
power. Among them: General
Motors, Ford, Lammot du Pont,
Chrysler, Carnegie-Illinois Steel,
International Harvester, Stude
baker, National Steel,' Socony
Vacuum, Gulf Oil, Remington
Rand, Johns-Manville, Republic
Steel, Allis-Chalmers, Pullman,
Standard Railway E u i e n t,
Guaranty Trust. The list is long.
However, the Buchanan commit
tee may have missed the main point
in reporting on the American En
terprise Association. According to
a recent stu^y of monopoly in rail
roading, the association actually is
an offshoot of the railroad lobby,
which in turn fronts for large seg
ments of big business.
Several documents appended to
the report indicate ties between the
Dixiecrats in Congress and north
ern big business interests.
San Francisco (LPA)—Intensive
support for a measure boosting
weekly unemployment benefits to
$40 was scheduled to highlight the
California AFL’s legislative pro
gram in the State Legislature this
winter. The $40 rate also would be
paid for disability and workmen’s
compensation. In all, the labor
body would support about 120 bills,
according to C. J. Haggerty, state
Demand the Union Label.
Union Held Liable
For Back Pay In
Illegal Discharge
Washington (LPA) The Na
tional Labor Relations Board, in
two separate cases, has ordered a
union to bear the full cost of back
pay for an employe whose dis
charge was caused by the union.
In both cases the unfair labor
practice charge was filed by the
employe only against the union. In
both cases the unions argued they
could not be found in violation of
the Taft-Hartley act or held solely
responsible for back pay, because
no charges had been filed or com
plaints issued against the employ
ers, who actually made the dis
NLRB member Abe Murdock
agreed with the unions’ position,
and dissented from the majority
opinion, delivered by Chairman
Paul M. Herzog and members John
M. Houston and James J. Reynolds,
Jr. Member Paul L. Styles did not
participate in the decision.
The unions involved were the
Marine Cooks and Stewards, and
the AFL Carpenters. The individu
als were a seaman named George
C. Quinley ami Viola Dodd, an em
ploye 6f a 'Berkeley, Calif., Vene
tian blind concern. I
The Board found Quinley was
fired because the union instructed
members to refuse to sail on any
ship employing him after he had
been blacklisted by the union as a
“stoolpigeon”. Viola Dodd was
fired, the Board ruled, because she
was not a member in good stand
ing in the union.
The board majority in the sea
man’s case said “we do not mean
to imply that every union ‘attempt’
to have an employe discharged for
discriminatory reasons, if followed
by his discharge, necessarily means
that the discharge was caused by
the union. The burden of proving
that the union caused the discharge
........must be satisfied before such
a finding will be made.” The board
said it was convinced that the
union actually caused the discharge.
Murdock, in dissenting, argued
that under the T-H act, a union
cannot be found to have illegally
caused a discriminatory discharge
unless the employer who made the
discharge has also been found
have violated the T-H act by the
discharge itself. He agreed the
union was guilty of an unlawful
“attempt”, but since the employer
was not accused he dissented from
the finding that the union “caused"
the employer to fire Quinley. “1
must hold”, he said, “that the com
plaint against the union falls as
this branch of the case, for the em
ployer is not before the board, and
the board is foreclosed from mak
ing the necessary finding that it
was a ‘violation* of Section 8 (a)
(3) which the union ‘caused’.”
The board ordered the unions
not only to reimburse the two, but
to notify both the employers ami
the two persons involved, in writ
ing, that they withdraw objections
to employment of the two, and ask
in each caw that an offer of imme
diate and full reinstatement he
made. The unions must also post
notices at their business offices
that they will not attempt similar
action in the future, and that the
unions will reimburse the employe
for the loss of pay.
1 2 3
u Wil Ml
8 9 10 11 12
18 19
26 2:
Comment On
World Events
In a statement approved by labor
representatives, the Committee on
International Policy of the Nation
al Planning Association sets forth
in strong but restrained language
the peril facing the nation. The
statement, it seems to this column,
is one ef. the best on the present
crisis. ”1 -..
Entitled “Strengthening Our
Strategic Position in the World,”
the statement was signed by
George P. Delaney, AFL interna
tional representative, Michael Ross,
director CIO Department of Inter
national Affairs and leaders in
business, finance, industry, educa
tion and other, fields. In part it
Beginning with the sentence
“The United States is today in
greater peril than ever before,” the
NPA Committee on International
Policy on Aug. 8 issued a state
ment entitled “The Current Crisis.”
Since that statement was issued
the crisis has sharpened, the nature
of the peril to which we lie exposed
has assumed fresh definition, and
the President has declared a state
of national emergency.
i The Soviet Union, operating
from its base in the heartland of
the Geopoliticians, has been build
ing up at an alarming rate its own
military establishment and the mil
itary establishments of its satel
lites. While it talks of peace it pre
pares aggressively for war. Wheth
er and when it will turn its military
power to the conquest of Western
Europe it is impossible with cer
tainty to foretell. Yet the menace is
so real and pressing that no one
can with prudence ignore it.
Meanwhile, on the Asiatic main
land Mao Tse-tung, acting either
as a puppet or a partner of Mar
shall Stalin—and it makes very
little difference which, seems bent
on extending the dominion of the
Chinese Peoples’ Republic first
over Korea and then through Indo
China on down to the tip of the
Malay Peninsula. At the same time
there are excursions in the direc
tion of Tibet and Nepal, while the
Soviet Union—at times wooing and
at times threatening Iran—cease
lessly plays with the idea of cap
turing the rich oil lands of the
Middle East and establishing itself
at the head of the Persian Gulf.
The portent is clear. If these ex
pansionist plans are not held in
check, the North American contin
'knt may find itself caught in a vast
pincer movemen| between Asia
with its limitless manpower and
Europe whose vast industrial po
tential had come under the sway
of the Soviet Union. This is
the nature of the peril which the
free world faces today. z
It may be that we still have time.
Our present superiority in atomic
weapons may prove sufficient^ to
afford us a brief breathing spell.
If so, our one purpose should be
to take advantage of this good for
tune to the maximum extent pas
sible. If we set about doing so,
working in the closest possible co
operation with other Western dem
ocracies, we are entitled to have
high hopes of the outcome. An
aroused America has accomplished
miracles in the past and it may well
accomplish miracles again. If, how
ever, because of blindness or wish
ful thinking or lack of vision or
of courage we fail to heed the
storm warnings that are flying, a
conquering adversary writing the
history of a vanished dream of hu
man freedom may say with some
justice that we deserved our fate.
We have the right to expect that
our government shall act in accord
ance with well conceived plans
rather than in response to hysteria.
Our government has the right to
expect that as American citizens
we shall no longer shrink from re
cognizing the full impact of this
crisis in our affairs and that we
shall no longer hesitate to face it
with the indomitable resolution of
our forebears.
An immense military effort lies
ahead. But this is not enough. We
must continue and expand our pro
grams for economic aid and for the
economic and social development
of the undeveloped areas. At the
same time we, and the free peoples
who stand with us, must conduct
a more vigorous ami imaginative
campaign in the domain of ideas.
No* success that we attain in other
fields will be complete unless we
win the struggle for the minds of
men. Our cause is the cause of free
men and women everywhere. Upon
its triumph depends their continu
ing existence in a more tranquil
Moving forward along these lines
in a spirit of national unity, we
may still avert the calamity of a
third World War. But, what is no
less important, wc shall offer the
free world the prospect of avoiding
should, in spite of our ef
aggressor nations on the
insist on forcing war
Buy Union-Made goods
others as you would have
pay Union wages unto you!
Demand the Union Label
New Secretary
Washington.—B. A. Gritta (left), new
Trades Department, and Secretary-TreasurerJohn J. Murphy of AFL
Bricklayers Union, chat with other AFL officials at luncheon for
Finnish trade union leaders.
AFL Officials Invite Union Heads
To MRA Washington Meetings
Washington, D. C. (ILNS) .—~ 7
“A superior ideology plus a firm
military defense is our instant
need,” said Dr. Frank Buchman,
initiator of Moral Re-Armament,
in announcing a national assembly
here Dec. 30 to Jan. 8. AFL Vice
Presidents Matthew Woll, William
C. Birthright, George M. Harrison
and William C. Doherty sent to
many leaders of organized labor
the invitation to attend the ses
sions, held at the Shoreham Hotel.
The assembly dealt as a priority
with the clash of world-wide ideas
which now condition every major
industrial, military and world pro
blem. A special plane from Europe
brought representatives pf labor,
management, government and the
military, from the danger areas.
Evert Kupers, long-time head of
the Dutch Federation of Labor and
chairman of the Union Advisory
Committee of the European Recov
ery Program, was among those in
vited. Kupers said, “The work of
Dr. Frank Buchman is bringing
the basic unity and cooperation
which will make the Schuman and
Marshall Plans effective. Without
this basic unity within and between
the nations, it is possible that
western civilization in Europe
Announced as themes of
meetings were: Finding a
thinking in a day crisis a new type
of industrial statesmanship man
agement and labor beginning to live
the positive alternative to indus
trial conflict a world-uniting ideo
logy? the full dimension of change
the destiny of East and West the
reconstruction of nations.
In connection with the assembly,
plays were presented which have
proved effective weapons in the
fight for inspired democracy in
many countries. Among them was
the industrial drama, “The Forgot
ten Factor,” which has been play
ed to thousands of leaders of labor
and management in the German
Ruhr, France, Britain, Scandinavia,
o repor’ *°m V°
povrtR C°
BBB BflnBienBB
Old Janus, the Roman deity, could look
berh backward and ahead. In this month
that's named for him, your electric com
pany does the same thing—giving our
361,020 customers a glimpse of what
we did in 1950* and a glance at what's
ahead in '51.
5,651,340,000 KIL0WATTH6URS
were delivered to our customers during
the year, about 18% more than they
used in' 1949.
11,488 NEW CUSTOMERS were add
ed, about 24% of them in rural areas.
200 MILES of transmission and distri
bution line were built. Our lines now
extend 15,750 miles and reach about
500 communities.
$13,645,000 was paid to our employees
last year in wages and we spent many
thousands more for materials and sup-
*A11 Asuru actual for tan month* and estimated
tor two.
South Africa, New Zealand and
Australia. There were also to be
two productions new to America,
“Annie the Valiant,” and a musical
play, “Jotham Valley,” which were
given in the Lisner Auditorium.
Sees Disciplined Living Needed
In the invitation to the Wash
ington assembly, Dr. Buchman
wrote: “A faith moves communists.
A greater faith will need to cap
ture us to give us all the power of
the super-national thinking to build
the new world which is our right
ful heritage.”
“This is the disciplined living we
need,” he said. “It is not connivery
that will run the new world. It is
men, God-led, who will change his
tory to give us a nation, God-led
that will remake the world. We
must recapture the faith that has
eluded us. Our grandfathers and
our grandmothers had it. Lincoln
was a man who had that faith. He
knew God, and he united a nation.
It needs men whom God can talk
to, to fashion, and unite a new
The assembly began with dinner
Saturday evening, Dec. 30, and was
to continue until Monday, Jan. 8.
Ads Misleading
Court Decides
Richmond, (LPA)—It took seven
years, but now it’s official. It’s not
true that Old Gold Cigarettes “con
tain” less nicotine than any of the
six leading brands.”
The fight between the P. Loril
lard Tobacco Co. and the Federal
Trade Commission has been going
on for seven years. The FTC had
charged the advertising was “false,
misleading and deceptive” and had
ordered Lorillard to cease and de
sist. The company had gone to
court, and finally the US Circuit
Court of Appeals on Dec. 29 denied
a petition to reverse the FTC
Thursday, January 4, 1951
Hodcarriers Union
Seizes Local In
Move Against Reds
Washington (LPA) A week
after the House Committee on Un
American Activities heard wit
nesses from Local 74 of the Hod
carriers & Building Laborers here,
the AFL international union seized
control of the local and placed a
supervisor in charge of its affairs.
Henry Thomas, president, and
Thomas G. Sampler, secretary-trea
surer of the local, had appeared
voluntarily before the Committee
and revealed details of a Commun
ist cell functioning within the local
more than two years ago. Thomas
said he resigned from the Com
munist Party in order to sign the
non-Communist affidavits required
by the Taft-Hartley Act.
Leo Nazdin, president of the
Laborers’ District Council, has
been placed over Thomas and
Sampler to supervise their activi
ties and insure that all Communist
influence is cleaned out of the
Originally, the international
union planned to place a trustee
over the local and suspend its of
ficers. They were talked out of
that by an aide to the Un-Ameri
can Activities Committee. The com
mittee fears that action against
such witnesses would prevent other
Communis ts from volunteering
similar information about red uhj
dercover activities in this country!
Washington (LPA)—The Inter
national Executive Council of the
United Textile Workers-AFL will
meet here Jan. 13-14 to discuss new
bargaining demands, possible wage
controls and other matters of im
portance to the union and the na
tion. Other items will include rent
control laws, price regulations,
amendments to Taft-Hartley and
U. S. foreign policy.
The Phillipson Retort Manufac
turing Co., New Eugene, Ore., is
reported testing a new process for
making charcoal out of waste wood
in 15 minutes present methods ret
quire 2 hours.
Funeral Home
wJst Fifth St. Phone 365
and a look ahead
plies. Many people, both in our company
and out, were benefited by our spend
ing. Some of the money may well have
found its way into your own business or
your own pay envelope.
$10,352,900 IN TAXES—Federal, State,
and Local—was accrued by this company
in 1950 to help pay for schools, roads,
police and fire protection.
GOING INTO 1951, this company and
the six others associated with it in the
American Gas and Electric System have
1,000,000 killowatts of dependable ca
pacity in new plants under construction.
The last unit being built is scheduled
for completion in early 1953.
Your power company Is meeting greatly
increased civilian power demands right
now. New capacity for peace needs and
defense needs Is coming into being at
a rapid rate, making more power avail
able at a time when America needs it

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