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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, January 04, 1951, Image 6

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PAGE SIX
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Freezing of Pay Blow At Production
If Living Costs Are Permitted To Rise
U Washington, D. C. (ILNS).
In a radio broadcast which charged rely upon the decisions of indus
try, labor and farm representatives,
serving on government boards, in
dealing with specific price and
wage cases. By that means, the
people affected by the decisions
will be assured of just considera
tion of their difficulties and be
much more willing to accept the
outcome.
labor has not been given an ade­*
quate voice in the defense program,
George Meany, A FL secretary
treasurer, declared that a wage
freeze would injure production if
living costs are permitted to keep
going up.
Meany called upon the govern
ment to accord labor equal repre
sentation with industry and agri
culture in the defense program at
the policy-making and decision
making levels. Thus far, he declar
ed, the government has failed to do
so.
Pledging labor’s full support to
defense mobilization, Meany said
“we can yet save the peace” if
America can build up “such obvious
military superiority that even the
communists will realize that war
against us would be hopeless*”
added:
.. “The American Federation
tabor has been urging such a de
fense program for ye\rs. I am glad
to see that our natiuu is at last
undertaking it.”
He
of
Asks Amendment of Law
to make the defense program a
success, Meany recommended:
“I think the first and most basic
step is to establish a sound and
practical working economy for the
emergency period. Prices and rents
must be controlled effectively. That
is impossible under the law passed
by Congress a few months ago. It
should be amended promptly to in
sure that the cost of living is
firmly stabilized on a fair and just
basis to both producers and con
sumers. When that is done, it will
be possible to stabilize wages also.
“Organized labor has volun
teered* to accept wage stabil
ization for the duration of the
emergency if the cost of living
is kept on an even keel. But if
wages are frozen while prices
are permitted to rise, it will
only weaken the army of pro
duction and provoke all kinds
of needless trouble.”
“This is a vexing problem. No
one likes controls, least of all labor.
But we have to use common sense.
In a national emergency we are all
forced to abandon the methods of
business-as-usual and politics-as
usual. I would like to emphasize
one very important factor regard
ing the administration of controls.
Urges Voluntary Methods
“It may sound very impressive
and electrifying for a government
official to issue sweeping price-1
freeze and wage-freeze orders, but
that is not the practical way of
dealing with this problem. The de
cisions should be made by those
who know the score, by the repre
sentatives of business, labor and
agriculture who understand the
problem and are willing to help
the government solve it. Up to the
present time the government has
denied labor a voice in making
policy and in making decisions in
the defense program.
"In a free country like ours, vol
untary compliance is far more ef
fective than compulsion. Within
the framework of a practical gen
eral policy and under an effective
control law, the government should
YOU CAN SEE THE CREAM
ALWAYS USE
CREAM TOP MILK
BOTTLES
THEY ARE SANITARY
Used Exclusively By
GOLDEN STAR
DAIRY
Dawson
215 Wwt Fifth Street
PHONE 3200 Ask for Union Labeled merchan
ACTUAL charges for 500 consecu
tive funerals conducted by the
DAWSON
followsl
*'W
Says Coercion Not Needed
“The leaders of every group in
our economic life realize that the
time has come to put the national
interest above selfish interest. A
remarkable spirit of national unity
is developing in our country. That
is the strongest asset we have in
coping with a national emergency.
The government should encourage
that spirit of national unity and
put it to work for the success of
the defense program. There is no
need of cracking the whip over the
American people. Just tell us what
has to be done and we will see to
it that it is done.”
MCS Members Ask
Curran Aid In
Cleaning But Reds
San Francisco (LPA)—Full as
sistance from the National Mari
time Union “in cleansing Commun
ist Party control and organizing
under NMU to provide unity for
all stewards department workers”
has been asked of NMU President
Joseph Curran.
The request was wired to Curran
at New York by officers of the
’000-member Committee to Com
bat Communist Influence in the
National Union of Marine Cooks
and Stewards.
acted on roouest
MCS members
President Cleve-
The committee
of rank-and-file
aboard the S. S.
land, who voted 4 to 1 in a stew
ards department shinboard meeting
to “call upon the National Mari
time Union, an organization in the
same industry, to aid us in this
fight to the end that Communist
enemies of free labor and a free
country be eliminated from the
labor movement of America.”
The stewards department crew
of the President Cleveland, also
unanimously demanded the resig
nation of MCS President Hugh
Bryson and other officials of the
union.
A telegram to Curran from
James Randall and Les Boatwright,
co-chairmen of the Committee to
Combat Communist Influence in
the NUMCS, said. “We are ready
to meet and to work with the NMU
at your convenience.”
VALENTE APPROVES
CONSUMER SURVEYS
New York (LPA)—Anthony Val
ente, international president of the
United Textile Workers-AFL, says
workers are interested in consum
er services because they are caught
in a trap between high prices and
limited incomes.
Speaking before the Consumer
Clinic of the Conference of the
American Standards Association,
Valente said that buyers need not
only information on performance,
but also on design because badly
designed articles wear out or break
too soon. He cautioned engineers
to describe the results of their test.1
in terms that can be understood
and warned that unless American
industry policies itself the Govern
ment will probably step in.
Funeral Home are as
Were
Were
Were
Were
9%
*SO MUCH
Under $150
Under $300
Under $500
Over $500
Funeral Home
for
bo
little*
Phone Main 10
PERCENT OF TOTAL FEDERAL REVENUE
1942-43 combined
1944-45 commnod
1948
1950
1950
texes
On some of the quieter days Ray
used to stand at the ship’s rail, look
at the lush green of those Pacific
isles and dream of Wisconsin where
(he was sure) the grass was green
er.
It didn’t work out that way,
however, and today Ray is one of
the leaders among the small “mar
ginal” farmers in the Duluth-Sup
erior area who have turned to the
National Farm Labor Union-AFL
to help win a decent standard of
living.
Why have these farmers turned
to a union which was originally set
up to help the workers on huge
commercial farms? Well, let’s look
at Ray’s case again.
When he was mustered out he
bought his parents’ farm of 120
acres, 46 of which are clear, and
got married. So far his wife Doris
anil he have had three children—
Tom, 4 Gloria, 3 and a baby,
Steve.
Success didn’t crown Ray’s other
efforts quite as well. He had 12
cows and was among the top three
producers among small fanners in
this state, yet he seemed to go,
rontinously in debt.
Ray finally took a stub of pencil
•ind sat down ter figure things out.
He found that while he was pro
mised a top price of $4.50 he was
actually paid a “blend price” of
$3.20 a hundred pounds. Thirty
cents went to shipping so that hr
received less than $15 a day for
the 500 pounds of milk he shipped
to the dairy. That didn’t take into
account his investment in his farm,
or cows, or what he spent for feed.
During two “drv” months he ships
only 100 pounds of milk a day.
And Ray’s cows produce at more
than double the.rate for the aver
age cow in this state.
Is it any wonder that he dusted
off his carpenter’s tools and went
to work—or that hundreds of
others have applied for “training’’!
under the GI Bill of Rights to ob
tain the $97.50 subsistence money
each month?
But neither method is a perman
ent cure for the ills that assail
small dairy farming in this coun
try. Sooner or later the GI Bill
runs out and sooner or later Ray
and hundreds of others like him are
going to tire of getting up at 5
a. in., doing their chores, grabbing
a bite to eat, and then hopping in
the family jalopy to dash off to a
job in the nearest town while the
wife and kids muddle through the
task of running the farm.
Sooner or later, too, that “little
white house in the country” is go
ing to lose its lustre and Ray and
the other “marginal” farmers are
going to throw in the sponge, step
out and let the big dairy interests
take over. That, in turn, will mean
higher prices for you.
Long ago the small farmers turn
ed to co-ops with their sorrows, but
they say the co-ops have long since
got out of their hands. John Banks,
Jr., former co-op officer and small
time farmer near Superior, is now
president of Local 284, National
Farm Labor Union, because he
found his own co-op had fallen into
the hands of businessmen and
bankers.
Like Ray Strand and Eino Ulvi,
Relative Share of Direct Taxes on People
OlRECT TAXES
ON PEOPLE
1939
28.0%
EXCISES AND OTHER
INDIRECT TAXES WHICH
PEOPLE PAY EVENTUALLY
■f. 46.0%
31.4%
52.5%
46.7%
u...
adjusted to
reflect
new
.'48.8.%
1
Small Dairy Farmers Are Turning To
Unionization For Solution To Woes
Cloquet, Wis. (LPA) When
you’re sweating and slugging it
out in the shop do you ever close
yoUr eyes and dream of a little
white house in the country set
against a crisp blue sky and cool
green fields?
If you do, forget it. That’s the
advice of Ray Strand here, an AFL
carpenter who was born and raised
on a farm and has been trying to
make one pay ever since the end of
Work! War II.
Ray, a young, stockily-built man
with a mop of unruly black hair,
served as a carpenters’ mate 2nd
class on the USS Rixey in the
South Pacific. It was a combination
transport-hospital ship—taking in
fresh troops anil removing wound
ed.
The milk companies insisted that
“bargaining” on price of milk
would remove Federal guarantees,
but Banks and a group of small
milk producers journeyed to Wash-1
ington and got the promise of Sec
retary of Agriculture Brannan
that he would not remove the min
imums.
“We prefer to look at the Fed
eral guarantees in much the same
manner that working men look at
the Federal minimum wage law,”
Banks said. “We want those prices
only as a floor when things get
rough, but we do not want them to
act as a bar to negotiations.”
There are now about 1500 small
farmers organized in this area, but
the movement toward organization
is growing in New York, Pennsy
lvania, New Jersey, Minnesota and
Louisiana. i
H. L. Mitchell, NFLU president,
admits he’s no expert on dairy pro
blems, but points out that he didn’t
go after the farmers—they came
to him. The first groups started in
Louisiana in 1946 when farmers
supplying New Orleans began to
be squeezed by out-of-state milk.
The AFL Teamsters took in about
a 1009 of these farmers who decid
ed they wanted a labor union. They
struck, turned back trucks, freight
trains, and 00 went to jail—but
they won their strike and have
since turned into a fairly peaceable
group owning a $75,000 milk plant
which handles half the milk they
produce.
The fever for unionism next
broke out in Butler county, Pennsy
lvania, when farmers noticed that
union men in nearby Pittsburgh,
where their product was consumed,
were well-paid. Led by one of the
top producers in the county, J.
“Ray” Simpson, the farmers turn
ed to the A FL for help.
Farmers in many other states
are turning more and more to the
labor movement. They meet with
other labor groups, discuss their
problems on a trade-union basis.
“It’s amazing”, says Banks,
“how things have changed. Why,
one old farmer who used to turn
white at the mention of ‘union’
stopped me the other day on the
street and said, ‘Anytime you don’t
want me to ship my milk—just you
t**ll me, won’t nary a drop leave
the farm.’
NO STALIN PRIZE
FOR PEACE GIVEN
Moscow (LPA)—Premier Joseph
Stalin’s 71st birthday was cele
brated in the Soviet Union Dec. 21.
But the Stalin peace prizes weren’t
announced although it was expect
ed they would be awarded on that
date.
A year ago, it was decreed that
five to 10 prizes of 100,000 rubles
would be given annually to persons
regardless of nationality who had
done the most for peace 100,000
rubles amount to $25,000 by Russ
ian evaluation. (Ed. note: Guess
Old Joe couldn’t think of anybody.)
The birthday celebration was
marked by abundant praise of
Stalin in the Soviet press. Said
Pravda: “The people love Stalin
limitlessly.”
THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OftTO
4* 24.5%
47.8%
V
21.3%
This chart from the Economic Outlook shows how the people carry more of the burden of taxes than
the corporations. In 1942-43, the corporations paid 44.1 percent of ail federal taxes in 1944-45, they paid
37.8 percent, and in 1950 they paid only 29.9 percent.
another Cloquet farmer with a
small herd of cows, Banks has turn
ed to trade unionism and “minimum
wages” for a solution.
There are three major dairies in
this area—tws co-ops and an inde
pendent. When the farmers start
ed a drive for a 45-cent per cwt
increase the dairies turned thumbs
down. Finally one co-op, Arrow
head, went for the 45 cents, plus
another 45 cents due in January.
Bridgeman-Russell, the independ
ent, refused until a one-day strike
brought them around and a two
day strike at Twin Ports Co-Op
swung them into line. The increase
so far amounts to only 2/3 cent per
quart and it has not been passed
onto consumers.
Direct Taxes on Corporations
DIRECT TAXES
ON CORPORATIONS
1
26.0%
37.8%
14.4%
25.3%
22.2%
r.
i
^*23.9% 29.4%
29.9%
OBITUARIES
DANIEL C. HARE
Alliance, Ohio—Daniel C. Hare,
75, of 639 South Liberty Avenue,
honorary member of the National
Brotherhood of Operative Potters,
died Dec. 30 at the Alliance City
Hospital, after an illness of four
years duration.
Bom in Armstrong County, Pa.,
on January 27, 1875, the deceased
had lived in Alliance for 47 yeafs.
He was a kiln placer by trade, re
tiring four years ago.
Surviving are three daughters.
Mrs. Pearl Brooks of Cleveland,
Mrs. Lena Rush of this city and
Mrs. Evelyn Heinbuck of the fam
ily home five grandchildren nine
great grandchildren two brothers.
Edward Hare of Cleveland and
Frank Hare of Woodenville, Wash,
and two sisters, Mrs. Rose Cun
ningham of Manorville, Pa., and
Mts. Gertrude Schrecengost of
Cleveland. His wife, Mabel Hare,
dited in 1934.
HENRY THOMAS
Henry Thomas, retired potter
and resident of East Liverpool for
66’years, died Dec. 31 It his home,
1233 Croft Street, following a long
illness.
Born Oct. 17, 1881, in Burslum.
England, he was employed last as
a dipper at the Hall China Co. He
waW a member of the National Bro
therhood of Operative Potters,
Local 148 and the Firtft Christian
Chiirch.
Surviving are his widow, Mrs.
Daisy G. Harvey Thomas two
sons, James Floyd Thomas at
home, and Harvey A. Thomas of
Canton a daughter, Mrs. Mildred
Brown of Wellsville three broth
ers, Edward Thomas, of East Liv
erpool, William Thomas of Crooks
ville, and George Thomas, of Los
Angeles two sisters, Mrs. Sidney
Anderson, of East Liverpool and
Salvation Army Major Elizabeth
Thomas, of New York City, and six
grandchildren and two great
grandchildren.
Tracy Accuses
Power Project Of
Union-Busting
Phbenik, Arit. (LPA)—The Sup
erior Court here has issued a tem
porary restraining order against
Local 266, International Brother
hood of Electrical Workers and its
officers. The 1200 members have
been on strike since Dec. 19 against
the Salt River Project Power Dis
trict, which operates the public
power program in Arizona.
The issue is a collective bargain
ing agreement. The 1BEW has had
a contract covering the power and
irrigation functions of the Project
since Oct. 1, 1946, when the entire
project was operated by a private
institution. In October 1949 the
electric light and power system
was transferred to public opera
tion, and trouble began. The public
agency has refused to continue the
four-year-old agreement, and to
correct present sub-standard wage
scales. There has been no wage ad
justment in two years.
The District has applied for a
permanent court order enjoining
the local from trying to get a con
tract or wage increase, relying on
its status as a government agency.
(In Washington, D. W. Tracy,
IBEW president, charged the Dis
trict was using public ownership
in an old-fashioned campaign of
union busting. He said it was fan
tastic that the public power pro
gram, w’hich had the support of all
organized labor in the past, should
now be used “to destroy collective
bargaining, to break unions and to
keep substandard wages and con
ditions of labor.”)
Demand the Union Label*
ram
Business Invited
By Green To
Join In Program
Washington (LPA) William
Green, AFL president, has called
on American business and manage
ment to join with labor in “work
ing out a mutually satisfactory
program in cooperation with the
Government that will assure econ
omic stability during the defense
program.1”
He extended the invitation in a
New Year’s statement, in which he
said “we should not wait for an all
out war to take such action.” Best
way to assure labor-management
cooperation “in the critical days
ahead”, said Green, is to repeal the
Taft-Hartley act and enact a new
law “fair to management and labor
alike, while
interest.”
protecting the public
of his statement fol-
The text
lows:
“Labor is
ward with
peace, if possible in war, if it is
unavoidable.
“The plans of the trade union
movement, like those of every Am
erican family, are contingent upon
developments in the tense interna
tional situation.
“Never before has our country
been less isolated from the rest of
the world. Never before have our
people been more alert to the ser
iousness of the threat against Am
erica from Soviet aggression.
“In the emergency that con
fronts us, the achievement of ef
fective national unity is of the first
importance.
“Labor is willing to take the
first step in that direction. We in
vite American business and man
agement to join with us in work
ing out a mutually satisfactory
program in cooperation with the
Government that will assure econ
omic stability during the defense
program. We should not wait for
an all-out war to take such action.
“Soviet aggression constitutes a
challenge to our free way of life.
We can overcome that challenge if
we stand together, as Americans
have done in past emergencies.
“At a time when every Ameri
can family is being called upon to
give its sons to the nation for mili
tary service, it is certainly not ask
ing too much to suggest that lead
ers of business, agriculture and
labor volunteer to work together
in harmony for the strengthening
of our home front.
“We all have a supreme stake in
freedom. We all have a common
cause in the survival of America.
We all abhor Communism.
“I am confident that with real
teamwork, America can vastly ex
pand its defense production and at
the same time protect the national
economy from inflation. We vitally
need wise domestic policies tp en
able our country to fulfil its heavy
international responsibilities with
out undermining our standard of
living or dangerously sapping the
nation’s economic strength. In fact,
with maximum production and full
employment, we should be able to
maintain the prosperity of our
tion despite the critical world
uation.
“In my considered opinion,
best way to assure full labor-man
agement cooperation in the critical
days ahead is to repeal the Taft
Hartlev Act and to Rnhstitr*0 a
new labor relations law that will be
fair to management and labor
alike, while protecting the public
interest.
“The defenders of the Taft-Hart
ley Act claim it has not hurt labor
nor destroyed labor unions. They
overlook the fact that the nation
has enjoyed high employment and
general prosperity in the last three
vears. They ignore the fact that
the Taft-Hartley Act has brought
organization of unorganized work
ers to a‘practical stand-still since
its enactment. They are oblivious to
the fact that millions of unorganiz
ed American workers are still ex
ploited and subjected to unjust con
ditions.
“The American Federation of
Labor is convinced that in the days
ahead when American workers may’
he required to accept wage stab
ilization, and other emergency con
trols restricting their freedom, re
peal of the Taft-Hartley Act would
serve to lighten their burden and
encourage them to make necessary.
sacrifices willingly. We will there-j
fore continue to press for its re
peal by Congress in 1951. Other
legislative objectives will depend
upon whether we have war or
peace.
“I am confident that the main
tenance of a strong and united for
eign policy by America, coupled
with a powerful re-armament pro
gram to fortify ourselves anti our
Allies, can prevent a Third World
War or, at least, delay it inde
finitely.
“We must convince Soviet Russia
that America has the will to fight
and the strength to fight in de
fense of freedom and international
justice. We must make the Soviet,
leaders understand once and for.
all that America is willing to live1
and let live in peacetime, but once
war is forced upon us, we will ac
cept only unconditional surrender.
“American wage-earners face the
future and its responsibilities ser
iously, but with confidence, We
determined to go for
America in 1951—in
na
sit-
the
’Small Business* Group Is 'Big
Business' Front, Probers Reveal
Washington (LPA)—The Confer
ence of American Small Business
Organizations (CASBO) is a front
for big business.
That was the gist of a report on
CASBO submitted by the House
Select Committee on Lobbying Ac
tivities. An analysis of CASBO re
veals the following information:
CASBO is one of the 35 heaviest
spending lobbies in Washington.
CASBO purports .to express “the
deliberated opinion of delegates
from organizations representing
260 different lines of industry in
48 states, representing an affiliated
membership of over 600,000 small
business concerns,” but, according
to the lobby probers, CASBO is fre
quently interested in legislative
matters “in which big business as
such cannot come out in the open.”
CASBO has a text book review
ing service which the Lobby prob
ers say is designed to impose the
CASBO viewpoint on the nation’s
schools and which “smacks too
much of the book-burning orgies of
Nuremburg to be accepted by
thoughtful Americans without fore
boding and alarm.”
CASBO likes to cite a resolution
by the 80th Congress establishing
the right of small business to or
gainize and to imply that it’s or
ganized under the resolution. S»”
the lobby investigators, “CASBO
wrapped this resolution around it
self like a custom-made cape.”
Nevertheless, CASBO “streches”
the concept of small business and
objected to the standards for a
small business set by President
Truman under the Congressional
resolution. (The standards: manu
facturing plants with fewer than
100 employes wholesale firms with
annual sales of less than $500,000
retail firms, amuseme'nt firms, con
struction companies or other bus
inesses with annual sales of less
than $100,000.)
Under the Lobby Registration
Act of 1946, all contributions of
$500 or more must be listed and
the donors must be named. Accord
ing to the Lobbying Committee,
CASBO encourages contributions of
$499 or less. Moreover, “by having
large concerns buy memberships
for their officers and branch man
agers (whose associations are not
reported) and by other meahs,
CASBO avoids making full disclos
ure of its sources of support.”
Meanwhile, CASBO gets finan
cial support “from interests that
do not fit any reasonable concept
of small business.” Among these
“interests” are such firms as Acme
Steel (with assets totaling more
than $32,000,000) and Household
Finance Corp, (with assets exceed
ing $221,000,000).
Chairman and executive head of
CASBO is Fred Virkus, who main-
want peace and the opportunity
that peace affords for new pro
gress. But if we are compelled by
circumstances beyond our control
to wage another war, we are deter
mined to let nothing stand in the
way of victory—victory that will
mean not only a better America,
but a better and more peaceful
world in our time.
GARY
I
Thursday, January 4, 1951
j.-----------------------------------------
tains his headquarters in Chicago
but visits Washington frequently
to get in touch with members of -B
Congress. Virkus founded the or
ganization in 1942 for the “pro
tection” of small business and to
“crystallize” its legislative efforts.
Virkus makes $12,000 a year plus
expenses.
Despite big business ties and
links to other lobbies representing
big business, CASBO gets along
on a modest annual budget of $50,
000. But for its size, it’s “fairly
effective,” according to the Lobby
Committee. Its membership in
cludes 2875 individuals, concerns
and associations who pay dues by
a sliding scale ($10 a year for one
to 10 employes, $25 for 11 to 25
employes, $50 for 26 to 50 employes
and $100 for 51 employes or more).
Virkus doesn’t exactly run a one
man show since CASBO has stand
ing committees and regularly
scheduled “conferences.” But the
meetings are rigged, the lobby
probers imply, and questionnaires
sent to members are loaded.
CASBO has been a vigorous ad
vocate of the Taft-Hartley act and
such legislation as the Bullwinkle
act exempting railroads from the
anti-trust laws.
3150 COUNTY WORKERS
GIVEN INCREASES
San Francisco (LPA)—Cost of
living increases ranging from $7 to
$30 a month have been granted to
3150 employes by the board of sup
ervisors of Alameda county. Of
ficers of the employes’ association
branded the raises inadequate.
We help
many Families
save money
safely, and
I
we can help
your family
do it also
1032 Pennsylvania Ave.
CERAMIC-5 DAYS-SAT
A MAN WITH A CHIP ON HIS
SHOULOER-A PRICE ON HIS HEAP
AND A BORDER LADYON HIS yilND.1
Cooper RomanRUTH
JDaII’AS
STBVECOCHRAN
SELECTED SHORTS------NEWS
SSKi&KSHffiBSttHB&SESEKBSBSSBKBSI
e
XiamtvNJ&X
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IMVttTMIMT
mTTuTii*
s
First Federal Saving
& Loan Association
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