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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, February 15, 1951, Image 5

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Thursday, February 15, 1951
Danes Surprised To Find US Lagging
Far Behind Europe In Many Respects
Copenhagen (LPA)—The Amer
ican workingman who has lo 4g
^^been sold on the idea that he n
dfluoys the highest standard of living
the world might be a trifle
shocked at the report made by
seven Danish trade unionists after
a month in the US.
The seven, who toured industrial
plants in the United States under
the auspices of the ECA, were
much impressed with US produc
tion, but found America lagging
far behind Europe in many re
Visiting a steel plant in Cleve
land during a strike, they “found
it somewhat strange to see that
American labor .unions had to go
on strike to bring to a successful
issue claims for such social condi
tions as have been considered a
matter of course in this country
for more than 30 years and which
are the birthright of every Dane.”
They reported taxes on normal
incomes “about the same as Den
mark”, that US rents are higher,
and sickness and medical aid very
high because “there is no National
Health Insurance scheme in
United States corresponding
American production evoked
stinted admiration, but the group
said “American industrial super
iority is not followed by a corres
ponding superiority in other fields,
for example agriculture and trans
One aspect of production did not
get their praise-—the speed at
which Americans work. They noted
that the US worker has shorter
hours and more machine power to
help him, but that “the working
pace is much tougher than is cus
tomary in Denmark.”
After a visit to the Ford plant
they groggily reported that “From
a Danish point of view it is not
very inspiring to watch the very
monotonous work performed by
most of the workers .... techni
ques should help the worker, not
lead to a situation where he be
comes a mere tool controlled by a
conveyor belt.”
The visiting Danes found much
to praise in America. They said it
was “remarkable that so many dif
ferent nationalities. have been able
to blend into one people and then)
develop the most industrialized
community in the world.”
The work of the Bureau of Labor
Statistics, particularly pertaining
to productivity, was something en
tirely new to the team and they
came away armed with many facts.
For example: US output increased
55 percent from 1940 to 1944 out
put per man is approximately 2.2
times as high in America as Bri
tain American coal miners load
eight times more coal than their
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English counterparts.
American trade unions were(
given a large part of the credit of I
speeding the industrialization of(
the country and gaining higher(
wages and shorter hours for work-(
ers. The wages and hours made[
higher production costs which nec-|
essitated the introduction of better
machinery, they noted.
While speaking highly of the|
cooperation between some employ
ers and unions on problems, the|
team said there was still much an-|
tagonism from one group of em-|
ployers “who undoubtedly believe
that the American labor movement
may again be reduced to a neglig
ible quantity.”
The visitors noted that the great
pitched battles between unions and
Ask for Union Labeled mercha
Dinner & Cooking Ware
Seven Floors Quality Furniture and All
Furnishings To Make a House a
Comfortable Home
Ea^t Liverpool, Ohio
Convenient Terms
same as far as the cost of food islabout 200,000 crippled and handi-
concerned. icappea got leaerai-stace aiu, ouii
ThP team met with emoloyer^as
ians and ordinary people Jn the
and teachers. What did they think
of America
“When talking about America,
Maj. Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor (right), retiring U.S. Commander in
Berlin, accepts procelain vase as token of esteem and friendship from
MW" 11" TJF" 1 WT
Million Kids Not In
School In '50 FSA Reports
aJ2K lab^r’k^at an alVtime Wg^^di^puw fallen well below two cents on htructures 'can’t be altered. T.
an all-time high, employ-jthe dollar. This is pennywise—and explained the regulation would al
n V” thev sa?d a* an high, with the dangerous-economy.” low normal day-to-day adjustments
Thl ^Mind?wSht it wJuld takelnation never 80 Prosperous, there “Even in social security,” the re-(prohibited by the freeze. Such ad
to wfne out the animodwere almost 2,0°0,00° children notlport said, Me year’s great pro-1justments would include shifting
XvyZvpfon^7nPthe130’1 sch°o1 last ^r‘ So the Federal gress stillSk significant gaps. I workers from day work to pre
foimdJtion is heinff laid for I Security Agency disclosed in its re-1 What doesv^ing a social secur-|mium night work and paying in
real foundation is being laid fori
man_too |centive bonuses.
peaceful bargaining. I In manv cases there was no|y°un£ ‘retire’ and too disabled) The three labor members of the
They pointed up this thesis by| them- “too manv others!ever work again—who has no|board dissented on one point. They
telling of the cooperation between short-changed for lacklinsurance Protection that will pro-(wanted a provision giving “collec
employers and the Jntemational| teacher8 building and equip-1a aubstitute income for his|tive bargaining agents” the right
Ladies’ Garment Workers ’-AFL t«achers, building ana equip |.fe children?„ inspect a„ of wage ad
and the Amalgamated Clothing| illegally at work instead! FSA lets the ,ist of needs speak(justments. Public and management
Workers-CIO. They said o th theywere illegally at work instead K «The progress of heaith |memberg thought q*egtion
unions had taken over when the (education, and security during (should be left open until the board
trades were at the mercy of sweat-) Other facts about children: about jggQi, concludes, “is a matter (establishes permanent overall po
shop operators and by organization[275,000 were in court for delin-[wbjcb eacb cjtjzen must judge for|licy. (Labor members are Harry C.
and cooperation with legitimate |quency 1,700,000 got aid as de- |himself.” (Bates, president*of the Bricklayers
employers had driven the chislers(pendent children, but thousands in( |AFL Emil Rieve, president of the
to adopt fair working standards [like need did not although one of| (Textile Workers-CIO and Elmer1
and wages. (every 20 school children will spend
The group went into detail con-|some time in a mental institution| U|||U|| Vlllul vdjwl |chinists-AFL
cerning the much-vaunted Ameri-(during his life unless constructive! Employers are soecificallv bar
can standard of living and found laction is taken “schools with ac-IUI|pp fvAAYA Alflllfi |red from using- merit raisS arant
ma^y^t^hin^g.^buV just^^bo^t 8the le^ep^tions^to th? runr||| Ib^far ^Vt* regulation aS a
Not Stabilization
“An American worker can buy (there were 30,000 on state waiting) a °Ping’ emP1(yers
a radio set for two or three days|lists, and many others needing care| ^asbln?^on As ^ar aP|trt i e to enlarge their
wages whereas a worker in this who had not yet come to the atten- the American working people are total wage bills the absence of
country wiH 1have to" pend at least tion of state agencies. concerned, there is no stebihzation actual expansion.
three weeks’ wages to buy a sim-| Perhaps the biggest advance of| f^abi^ation Emil Rieve6 told theLran?Pnh?nv "ot .auth?rized to
ilar set,” they reported. “It is well-jthe year, according to Federal Se-| ConcTPssional Committee onllL °.tlon* *9 er
known that automobiles are also curity Administrator Oscar Ewing, F^STSSlt "afr,-ly Bht ab°r
relatively cheap in America. One of was the development of industrial’ th® Economic Report. !n addit?°"’ new employes
the new models costs $1400 or pension pians, won by unions in Jn heavily charged statement must be hired at the regu ar wage
$1500 all told. On the other hand, collective bargaining, and the submitted Feb. 8, he said, “wages rate for the job, or for the min-,
the American workers’ wages will amendments to the social security blen selected *r control, imum rate if there is a rate
not buy much more food than those act, which were partly a result of|^h,lc °2.el areas th® eco™m?’| w
of Danish worker.” the unions’ pressure on industry. have sufficient freedom to go their Much of the Wage Stabilization
well as labor leaders with politic-! 0,d and 8Urvlvors in ®yr"|achieved by controlling only one|all “catch-up formula for em
and ordinary ne?nle in the ance Payment8 w*re doubled ln the population. jt cannot ployes who haven’t had a post-
With w?rkers
PImd farmers |f?r Persons already receiving bene-|be d^ne piecemeal.” korean boos .was over the percent-1
street, with workers ana xarmers [fit th awbled for| .. |aire waffpq Amid h- 9||nwPd
I I Rieve president of the TexRle|a»e wa»es simuin oe anowea to
German trade unionists. The vase, made in West Berlin's Koenigliche [increases provided th y conf .un
Porsellan Manufacktur, was presented by Ernst Scharnowski (third r° a union contract in effect on
from left), who addressed the 1948 AFL Convention in Cincinnati. |Jan. 25—or to normal company
Others, I. to r., are Willi Huebner, chairman Works Council of Public (pra^ticA jn the year 1950 in the
Employes Heinrich Bracht, chairman local Railroad Union Ludwig (ah n. of a union agreement. Such
Diederich and WiRi Krause, chairman local Building Union. (raises were barred under the ori
(ginal freeze order.
Aklaf CflWC
Ure. beneflcia™es,» he reported. ri.ergisUnion of America. His|crease- The labor members didn
uer?hro u?ht fatothe ?^?rJJ?°il!riew* stabilization carry special [think money for pensions and
people arc often inclined to gener-| cl®dj ^cultural wagegearnersiweighton
becaU8e he is one of the| fnnge benefits should be mclud-other
alize and assert that Americans doL Workers and^uch self-|three ,abor members of the nine- |ed n any percentage raise, espec-.
so and so and say so and so. Such workers small shop|man Federal Wage Stabilization My *f the amount were only the
simplification is wide of the mark.I Jd Uttl businessmen|Board headed by Cyrus S. Ching. |10 percent which has been talked
In the United States different opin- Eerally?’ businessmen »Let us not be tempted to place about (Industry members were
ions and conflicting viewpoints) PnntrnBf Fwinr nninfod |iron-clad controls on wages because |®ai _° pressing or no more
clash in exactly the same way as I In ^ast’ the relative ease with which it P8" b.® p^ent’ Wlth Pension
in any other democratic country FP(iPral aid tn ndurn |can be done,” the labor leader said.| ey+L e*\. .. TT ..
but in a continent like America 8u™ce and Federd aid to' ^ucaJ e gtab!Iizaticn should con I In this connection the Umted
such differences of opinion are nec-j t’°" were vjgorously a u e_d 1.^ as Qne of an over. Labor Policy Committee met with
essarily more pronbunced than inh™* in^nf ^tinn a» stabilization program wages Economic Stabihzer Enc Johnston
Denmark. ,n« the P°mt actl°n* are only one form of payment aris- to P^s against inequities in the
“America is neither Wall Street) He cited a Congressional report ing out of industrial production. Pnce £ldd A™o"*,.tho8® Present
nor the United Automobile Work-Lssued in March, showing that 38,-|Th€re are other forms of income|]YereA re81 ®nt Williain Green of)
ers, nor is America the Minnesota 000,0C0 Americans still belonged |payments too—profits, dividends,|the AFL“dF^s,dent Pbd,pMur
farmers nor the Virginia Negroes, to families with total money m- profe88ionai, managerial and °f CI°- B1othKthe1 ^age
America is all of these and in re-(comes of less than $2000, even m|ecutiv€ saiarie8» jStabrtization Board, headed by
cent years the more progressive of |the prosperous year of 1948. This Cyrus S. Ching and the Office of
thpap fortunately seem to have I low income group, the study show- L"1.™"* snarp*y ar me "aSjPnce Stabilization, headed by
taken the lead ed, had moreTillness than any other Stabilization Board, Rieve said its Michael DiSalle are under Jobns.
________ 1_ (group, and their children were get-| fadure to determine its policy to|ton whose meeting with the labor
T„_________|ting the worst educations, therebyI^Pj*®® tbe wag® fr®eae is a dis-||eaders was described as stormy.
WORKERS BUY BUILDING disqUaiifying for better jobs turb’ng fact°L,’abT a ag Meanwhile, baseball fans were
Aberdeen, Wash. (LPA) The (through which they could raise ment relations. (The board was |being rega]ed wjth speculation
Plywood & Veneer Workers here|their status. (reported to be in disagreement over[about whether the pay of profess
are purchasing the Hoquiam Moose Teamwork by federal state ,ndhte"waw of“wrirers who“hldn’t i°nal ba‘!Pl’ crs was, °r _wasn’‘
temple, a two-story budding con- loca|_lab buainess profes8. Fh* T^t-K o e a n in-kr°Ze,n- F1bn“"y a 5°^'. “J
taining a dance hall, a meeting hall,lio„a) groups and dtjaM, £eneral. P”a^ post K. o e a n in board spokeg„en decided baseball
club rooms and office space. Until
now, the 1800-member union has| hy E Pin„ rave severai ex-l Whl e Pnces continued to rise,|pay.
sent at i east but might be melted
been renting space in the Polish a |es wh(* hsas bMn done (wages remained “rather wlldlyl, bit before owning day. Profess
hall ltk„L Ifrozen, Rieve pointed out. Ine m-1 wnal fees a rent frozen, the expertsfor
jd help correct this situation,PT/t' was, fiTly ,iced the prcd
I With Federal hefo averaging |equity of this conditioP is dily|admitted, but ballplayers work
i-| ir .g(apparent to all, especially to tlfe(wages or salaries, not for fees. In
around $4 million a year for the 1^^ who a Ted Williams ($125,-||
past ve years, the states and com- earnings,” he said, add- oco a year) Phil Rissuto
unnmalari.‘VCheI,saaM Thera ^vethat incentives for workers ,)r Jatiie Robinson ($36,C00) is in
lheen federal grants for state voea-l™!^ ‘“L S"'26'! “ordinalv“ heF* P°Siti°" u Wh°
Board Chips Away
Some More At
The Wage Freeze
Washington (LPA)—The nine
man Wage Stabilization Board
chipped away some more at the na
tional wage “freeze” in a Yepa'a
tiun issued Feb. 2, but the capital
was still waiting for the overall
“catch-up” formula the board has
been sweating over.
The new regulation authorized
merit and lengu* uf-s«*rvice v/oge
Board members emphasized the
(regulation didn’t authorize gener
al pay hikes. Promotions, merit in-i
(creases and the like can be paid
(only within existing wage struc
tures, they said, and the v
Walker, vice-president of the Ma-
lor resisting price reductions. By I
merry way. Stabilization cannot be [Board s sweating about an over­
(those for business. Accordingly, nelon a company payroll. The pay of
stabilization “can- such a doctor is frozen as of now
”tatesP andteali“es be—n‘1 mUSt nt Wage b“‘ 1
schools and .health centers. I,r“ze- J“". chargc what f“'s bc
A striking example of this team-1 He contended that goVernmentl(Mmimum wage for major-lca
(work paying off was provided by|studies showed upper income(guers is $5000. Minor-league pay
|the program for vocational reha- krouP8 Presented a more serious (runs much lower.)
Ihilitation of the handicapped. “Dur-(inflationary threat than did lower!
ling the past year,” FSA reported,(income groups because the farmer|TOp
I “60,000 disabled workers were re.|had more spendable income.
I turned to paying jobs—a record |said tbe top-income 12 percent of I (LPA) AFL Pre^i
high for the 80 years the service I American families received 31 per-1 wiHiam Green AFL Secre
I has been in oneration The cost of lccnt of total spendable income, [dent William Green, Ar becre
nas oeen operation, ine cost oi 1 ... tn noH.on* nI1P Itary-Treasurer George Meany, Gov.
the rehabilitation program, it not-lyhile the lowest 59 percent of our I Senator James
ed is a small fraction of. what itlftunilies received 32 percent, |1°“” mt, senator James n.
eci, is a small traction oi wnat iti IDuff, and ex-Senator Francis J.
takes to provide for these people! He insisted, the spending Power|Myers are among those scheduled
on relief rolls. I of high-income persons could be address the 49th Annual Con.
A new development in providinglsharply curtailed without affect-|vention of the Pennsylvania Feder
eollege education for those who ling health, welfare and productive Ltion of -Labor here March 27, 28
could not otherwise afford it was Jeff iciency. Among the lower andl^ 29 rpbe delegates will consider
reported by the Agency. This islmiddle income groups, on the other |probIems arising frOm the national
the growth of “community col- lhand, the major portion of income I rnergencyf including a civil de
leges:” schools with low tuition,(is spent on food, rent and other|fense program. A legislative pro
situated within commuting dis-(necessities of life.” |gram will be mapped for the 1951
tance of as many homes as possible. Present tax principles dlvcr5e (session of the Pennsylvania Legis-
Despite these improvements,(“considerably” from these Pr*n*|iature.
however, and the school crisis that|ciples, Rieve charged. Low income!,
grew out of the last war, the re-(families are taxed at World WarLo further the defense effort and to
port showed that we are not do-(11 rates while high income families (lighten the pressures bringing in
ing as well by our schools as in the |and corporations dodge through Iflation. He also struck at Regula
past. “Twenty years ago the coun-(loopholes in the tax laws. More-|tion and W curbing credit. He
try invested three cents out of (over, he declared, President Tru-Laid they were forcing low income
every dollar of national income in (man’s “recent proposals would con- (families out of the market for
education,” it stated. “By 1950,(tinue this inequitable policy.” (homes, automobiles and household
though, we properly expected edu-| Throughout his statement, Rieve (appliances. He urged price roll
cation to do a bigger and better (bore heavily on |he need for in-(backs and approval of escalator
job, our investment in educationlcreased industrial production, both'clauses.
rpa^nnino- pmninvcrs
New York. President Loeal
S2B AFL Building Service Em
ployes Union signs new 3-year
contract bringing $5 million pay
raises to 12,000 members of big
New York local employed in com
mercial buildings.
5c of Budget $1
All That Goes For
‘Welfare State’
Washington (LPA) Those
forces in Congress who fix up tax
dodging loopholes for corporations
while screaming for government
economy, got their answer Feb. 8
from two sources. President Tru
man said Congress is welcome to
try to trim his fiscal 1952 budget
below $71.6 billion. And Frederick
J. Lawton, director of the Budget
Bureau, told the House Ways and
Means Committee that Congress
men who spout glibly about cut
ting federal spending by billions
of dollars don’t know what they’re
talking about.
Truman recalled that the same
“economizers” tried to “squeeze
water” out of the budget last year,
and wound up instead by adding
$1 billion to the Truman budget
and then passing the buck to Tru
man to cut the budget.
Lawton told the committee that
his bureau had trimmed govern
ment requests by $2 billion before
the budget was presented to Con
gress. To criticism of Truman re
quests for new items not yet auth
orized by Congress, Lawton said
there was about $4 billion there
that Congress could act on, but that
not much of it could be cut. He ex
plained that a good part of this
sum was for loans for plant ex
pansion under the Defense Produc
tion Act, for Selective Service and
other items of an emergency na
He added that “federal expendi
tures cannot be turned on and off
like a water tap. The 1952 bu ig-t,
for exa.i.ple, ig in largo part the
result ui a tremendous number of
decisions and co in...i ?.di|e in
prior years. Almost half of all
19”2 expenditures, or nearly 31.5
bi»ion, will occur in 1952 as a re
sult of appropriations already en
acted. When other fixed it mis of
expenditure, such as interest on the
public debt, are tak n into acc u.-it,
it can be seen that u.e area of i.vX
ibility for controlling expenditures
in a single year is comparatively
What the so-called “economy”
members of Congress are ahoi.’ing
at are the items for non-imL’ary
purposes. They are especially hot
ibout “welfare” expenditures. The
fact is, that those expenditures
ome to 5 cents on the dj.iar.
The $71.6 billion Truman has
tsked breaks down to 88 percent
’or wars, past, present or future.
That leaves 17 percent for home
expenditures. And of these, only 5
percent, or 5 cents on the dollar,
ire for “welfare.” Here’s the
breakdown: Military services get
J8 cents of every budget $1 inter
lational defense and aid 10 cents
•eterans services 7 cents, interest
on national debt 8 cents—a total
of 83 cents.
Social security, public assistance
and public health together get 3.7{
cents education-labor-housing to
gether get 1.2 cents natural re
sources get 3.6 cents transporta
tion and communication 2.5 cents
commerce and industry 2.1 cents
agriculture 2 cents general gov
ernment 2 cents.
Also, much of the 4.5 cents for
transport, communications, com
merce and industry is a subsidy jo
railroads, airlines, postal ser ce
and stimulation of commerce, Ine
2 cents to agriculture is mostly
subsidy to keep production up. The
.... on these cold winter mornings when the
streets are a glare of ice and driving conditions
are hazardous, you'll find a bus stop where
Valley Motor buses will pick you up and take
you to and from your work and you can leave
all your worry at home.
How "step conscious" we have become!
.... modern architecture includes the garage
as an integral part of the house just so you
don't have to walk through the back yard on a
nippy morning or a dark night! That is conven
ience we can't duplicate.
However, our routes traverse the city by
way of its principal streets and, wherever you
live, there is a bus stop within reasonable dis
tance. So, get the bus riding habit—you'll find
it convenient, comfortable, and THE econ
omical way to travel.
Valley Motor Transit Co
1.2 cents for education-lebor-houa
ing cornea to a quarter of a cent
for labor, a half-ccnt for educa
tion and the rest fu housing and
rotated programs.
In f:mt, according to estimates
by the Machinist, the new budget
for sp. hng $1.3 billioa less
far ac-ciul vfafare, health and so
cial security than was spent in
Oklahoma City, Okla. (LPA)—’
Wiioun & Co., meat packers here,
granted an 11-cent hourly increase
just before an election asked for by
Amalgamated Meat Cutters-AFL.
A union complaint that the raise
was given to influence the election
was dismissed by a National Labor
TMations Board trial examiner be
•i use the union issued a leaflet
a/ing “The Union is Getting art
Eleven-Cent Increase for You. .”
and the company did not refute the
union claim.
The exirrfn-r also dismissed the
unions du:^e_ of pressure by sup-*
ervisors on workers because only
four cases were cited. He said
there were 1200 .plop s and tTi-
supervisors did tuny union
claims it had won the 11-cent raise.
Spokane, Wash. (LPA) Fir
workers in western Washington,
mer jrs of the AFL Lumber &
Sawrli Worker^, have authorised
a stv^e by a vote of 11,621 to 232
following refusal of employers to
grant a wage raise. The employers
gai that last year's pay boost of
15 'j cents “more than made up for
the cost of lining increases.'
Ask for Union Labeled merchan

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