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VOLUME 39. BELFAST, MAINE, THURSDAY, JANUARY 14. 1869. NUMBER 27.
yio c t in._ 1 EARHIIC*. i, ii iikind Mars, with jeweled sandals pressing rhi' r di m! splendors on Night’s mystic Hour. \\ h. ! ; n tie- dear ones that to our caressing Respond no more r ’ e would I• iit know where we might run ami liml them In tha! bright world when all the blessed are, • »i we should mourn, to be thus left behind them. So lone and far. V\ . nils' i in m from the old accustomed places, With Friendship > ivied memories entwined, VV hfii love has sanrthud the faintest traces They lelt behind. th( Night Fries! swingeth His -s i I \ i r iTu :>i in (he templed sky: i H (.. , .] - fell .answering echo bringeiii Rut this -good bye ! : . lark o.us gaily, singefi, ever, . - ; | .nigh lie- golden gateway ol the morn , i; i■ ■'1 • l haunts we seek them -but they never f.) us return. i v. n i -. i iith. angel pinions gleaming Am.i'S your pathways, heavenward and tar '*■ • u<‘t cm tight, the ijueneliless light out streaming Through gates ajar ? Xu i .!id \» lii ar the song ol the immortals, 1 hi while their lumps hashed back Heaven’s glory hue, ■ tin strong warder's welcome, as the portals Wide open hew ' • soft eyes look down your shining vistas - ;. swi'i: voices chide our long delay < white hands an etched earthward to assist us I p the steep way - <th ss ii-ei we pace our narrow prison, a . hi .ii i lie c o i inmit bar- ihut shut us in. ii-< where they before have risen. From Sen-o and Sin. . - nie hut coldly on our sorrow, x > id ve heed Atteetioii s urgent -pe st A . v«e must wait till Hod's sure-coming morrow «. i' ■ - toe Rest, OM II4M II ( I II I II I I ■ *i • hour w iih tlie* ; When curliest day I'appl s with gold tin' viistcrn grey, Mi what cm frame m> mind to bear :'Ii; toil and turmoil, calk and care, .t u griefs which coming hours untold X lei • id i t mcilihranee ol the old r One hour xvith thee ' * Mu- liour with tine' When burning .June W ive* hi- red llag at bitch ot noon, W ha! -hall n pay the laithlul -vvaiii' Hi- labor on lie -ullry jdain \ nd.iriop tli in eaveoi -beltering bough, • i ie - rid- 11't"id and throbbing brow ' Hie hour with thee,! II. ii. ee with I 111 ■ w hen sun i - set. U, \\ h ii caa teach me to forget i in. tluiiikh -- labor- d ihe day . i be hop. the widn - tiling away ; I iiM'ii l ieg wants and lessening gains, 1 ii m i-ter pride wh<> scorns my pains ■ One hour xvith thee ' Wild Mr Will V Christmas party was gathered round a n leaping. roaring, jovial, coal-fire— i indulging in the orthodox amusement ot -torv-telling. We had an ancient house keeper among u-. who had known some ot is e.er sitc-e we Here I urn, and the papas . d in.-muuas of many others of us a long lime before we were born. \h !" remarked this ancient dame, - iie.i one of 0111 .-.lories— 1 think it was a •lio-t story— had come to a conclusion, ii - ill eery easy to talk, but I suppose me are other persons who have seen -irange things.—ay, aud can tell strange tlriiirs about 'em, too. It isn't for nothing tint 1 liied sewn years and three mouths ... the eiwice oi my Lord Millamant.” 1 knew his lordship well,” I observed, i is, 1 have seen his portrait in the print-shops, aud read of his achievements a the newspapers, when I was a hov. He ran away with aud man led Misr daghire ih. great Indian hein.-s, didn’t he?” ■ Ves, sii. he did. " II. killed sir Hai mv..\es (Irimwood, the •• -t i nmiiy harouei. in a Mnel about Lady now.1. didn’t lie? I remember his oil ami acquittal a though they had (le aned yesterday.” Vi . sir, he did hut lie was badly pro . 'kid >!r Hargreaves was a bad man — eed a' the Brimstone Coffee House, and <iways hack a pint ot Schiedam before i.reuklii-: He wasn't the first tall gentle man wk . had he.-11 i hot about Lady < L illl w.1. ' Ami h dii-.l ambassador at Madrid, i lidn’t he ?” ' sir hut that win loug alter 1 left sen ice. It 1- full forty years ago that1 ! was housekeeper t the Right Honorable, the Lari of Millamant. Lord Lieutenant of Darkshire at l.'art foil House. 11 ay Hill, Berkely Square.” ‘And was it there urn had become ae |iiaiuted with any strange tale?" l ot: housekeeper maided ■•ipuifieautly. ■ Wh it may it havi keen about, now— love ?” •Not a hit of it,' replied the housekeep •i "1 ■ ■ tiId never abide love, and wouldn’t trouble my head about ticli nonsense. No, it wasn’t the least in the world about love.” Murder, now?” 1 hinted. ‘•Worse! aid the housekeeper, em phatically . ■ Worse 1 repeated. “What can be wor-i 1 might have suggested lire, thieves, suicide, elopement : hut 1 thought murder would cover a multitude u! crimes, "I see you are all living of curiosity to know about it, and 1 won’t keep you any longer in suspense. Besides, the story is a very short one. It was hushed up at the lime, and it would have been much more than my place was worth to breathe a word .1 to a living soul. But the chief peo I'le '-oueerned in it are all dead. The very ■ ; was poisoned by the butcher the day ali'-rwai d, as if, poor dumb creature, he 'dd have wagged n tail to compromise anybody.” ‘But wre haveu’i heard who the dog was, i the butcher either,' I hiokc in, 1 am altaid, somewhat impatiently. “l’ray be am at the beginning, my dear madam; we are a|| impatient to hear." B ell, then,’ commenced the housekeep er, -i tiling her ell remlorlabW in her arm chan, “you skull kear ukout it. .lust draw yuur ehan.- do er ari uinl me, for I’m not very loug of breath.” B e did as the old lady desired, aud she weal .»n thus : In tin*, yeai eighteen hundred and liiue tei-n I was, as I have told you, housekeep-! er to my Lord Millamaut. The story I am ] telling j on has to do with the winter ol that : same year. “My Lord had been away from London during the hunting season. He had a pack of hounds at Carttoil Hall (the family name was Cart foil,) and had been entertaining all the gentry of the country side, with many ol the nobility ol London, in the true “tylu ot the old English hospitality^ ‘•Ml the grand furniture in the mansion j on Hay Hill Lad been covered up since Sep tember, when his lordship and her ladyship went out ol the town. The carpets in the grand saloon were rolled up, the chan deliers wrapped in yellow gauze ; the pictures the same dreadful, grim old pictues there were ol noblemen in curly wigs, and ladies in hoop petticoats and shockingly low dresses and the rich silver and parcel gilt [date, ol which my Lord Millamaut, being so great a nobleman, had u vast quantity, was safe and sound iu four oak chests, damped with iron, at Messrs. Doublou & Moydor's, the hankers iu Fleet street. “It was a good plan to send one’s silver to the hankers, for there were pleuty of house-breakers about in those days, and no police except the wheezy old constables, and the Bow street waistcoats. “It was on the 21st of December, lsl'.t, that I received a post letter, franked by Mr. Tubwell, one of the county members Ibr Darkshire, for my Lord Millamant was always too generous with his franks and never had any to spare for himself. “This letter was from bis lordship, and, in his usual kind style, though to my very great surprise, told me that lie and tlie countess were coming up to spend Christ mas in London. All the time I had been in their service, then four years come that Christmas day, tliev had kept it at Cartloil Hall. ' ' | “However, there was no mistaking my lord’s directions. He always gave them himself, for her ladyship, saving her mem-; ory. was one of the laziest creatures living, and never did anything much beyond lying on a sofa, and talking to her gray and green parrot. 1 was to have the carpets laid down, the furniture thoroughly dusted, all the beds well aired ; for my lord was to bring company with him from Darkshire; and 1 was to get the plate from the bank er’s, and have it all well cleaned for a grand banquet my lord intended to giv e on Christ mas day. “Enclosed in the letter was a slip of pa per, containing an order to the bankers to deliver the plate to me, or to Mr. Beeswing, the butler : and which, us I can recollect, ran thus :— Caimtoii. Haim., Dec. lit, 1819. Messrs. Doublou ami Moydor:—Please de liver Hie lour boxes marked A, 15, C, 1), con i' ining tlie plate left in your care, to Mrs.-, or Samuel Beeswing, my servants, bearers ol this. Signed, Mji.i.amant. “There was bis lordship’s signature, cer laiuly ; but somehow the name seemed j written in a larger and more tremulous j ; band than usual ; but still the remainder of j the letter was like enough to him, and the cover bore the Cartloil postmark. “I showed ii to Mr. Beeswing, who laugh- . ed, and said it was very likely, that there ; had been merry doings at Cartloil Ilall. during the week, that my lord had takeu t’other bottle over night, and that his hand was rather shaky the next morning. “And you may he sure,” added Beeswing, ‘that his lordship punished the small beer, if he didn't have t’other bottle.' “The quality drank small beer then, the morning after. Soda water was invented,! but was thought had for the stomach, and wasn’t at all the fashion. “However, 1 wasn’t quite satisfied. ‘1 dare say it’s very nervous and silly of me, Beeswing,' 1 said, ‘but it behooves us all to be careful. 1 will tukc this letter to j Wild Mr. Will. He knows my lord’s hand well enough, and I shall see what he says j to it.’ j j “Now Wild Mr. Will, as we servants, many of whom had known him since lie was I a baby in long clothes, called him, was to the world in general no other than the Hon. William Cartloil, my lord’s younger broth er. “lie was a dreadfully wild young man, Mr. Will. He was load of wine and wo men, and dire, and all sorts of wickedness. He had been a captain in the horse guards, hut had sold out. He had fought half a j score ul duels, and killed two or three peo ple—rest their souls, and he merciful to his—but he was one oi the merriest, best tempered fellows you ever knew or saw. \ “My lord was very fond of him, and had paid his debts and set him up again, times ; out of tiumber ; hut you could do uoth-j ing with Wild Mr. Will. He was always getting into scrapes ; and when his lordship 1 had got him out again, getting into new ones. People said he lived mostly now by playing at cards and dice, and that his car ryings-on with the actresses at the play house—the wicked, painted hussies !—were dreadful. I knew he had borrowed money of Beeswing, more than once, and had, at least, two-thirds of his sister-in-law’s pin money every quarter; hut still no one could help liking him, and he was almost adored by the servants. “I took the letter to Wild Mr. Will at his lodgings in Great Ryder street, St. .Tames’. He was drinking hock with a captain ol dragoons and a low wretch of a bdlow that got his living by prize-lighting, hut he came out on the lauding to speak to me. I showed him the letter, and hinted tit my doubts. “ ‘Stull' and nonsense,' lie cried, when he had read the letter twice and held it up j to the light, ‘it’s Jack Cartfoil’s list for live hundred guineas.’ (My lord’s name was John.) Newmarket to the knocker of Newgate that it’s my brother’s hand. No body makes blots like those, except the Karl of Millamant. Besides, don’t you see that he spells ‘swept’ ‘swep’ without the ‘t’? Jack never could spell. Trot you away to the banker’s my worthy soul, and get the plate, and polish it all up, nice and bright, for you know bow particular my Bird Mil lamant is, and what a pother there will lie if tlie coronet does not come well out on the spoons and forks. There, gel along with you, and there’s a guinea to drink iny health. Stop—miud, for safety you lock the plate up in my lady’s boudoir.’ '•()! course, tiller William Cart foil hail given his opinion, hesitation was no longer to he thought of. Beeswing anil 1 took a hackney coach to Fleet street, anti the head cashier, when he ordered one of the porters to carry (lie four plate-chests to the car riage, said : ‘My lord’s handwriting was as plain as a pikestaff, aud he should like to cash a check for ten thousand with such ti Millamant signed to it.’ “lie gave me—such a nice gentleman as lie was, too—a guinea to drink the health of the firm. Ah, how liberal people were forty years ago ! “We looked over the plate that evening, counted everything; found all in accord ance with the list, aud, with the assistance of the three housemaids, 1 had everything cleaned and polished up by supper time. “The plate was all locked up again, and deposited, according to Mr. Will’s iustruc lions, in my lady’s boudoir, which was at the end of a graud suite of apartments on the first floor. There was no door to this room, only heavy hangings to the doorway ; hut every window in the house was bolted aud barred up. “Still I felt uneasy with us all alone in the house, and towards ten o’clock, I slip ped tip, aud going to our butcher, Mr. Clmbbyehop, in Mount street, Grosvenor square, I borrowed his well-known aud lierce-lookiug bull-dog, Towler, from him, to keep guard in the house all night. One ol the butcher’s boys brought the dog, muz i zled. lo our house, for he was dreadfully ! savage, aud, just before we went to bed, Beeswing unmuzzled him and let him loose in the hall. “I had dreadful dreams that night. I dreamed of a procession of men carrying j coffins, one after the other, in a long pro cession that never undcd. The morning came at last; the youngest housemaid awoke me, aud I came down to breakfast in the still-room, when in came Mr. Beeswing, trembling all over, with a face as white as chalk. “ ‘For the Lord Almighty’s sake come this way,’ he cried. “He led, or rather dragged me, to the boudoir on the first floor, and there 1 saw a sight I shall never to my dying day forget. “The rich carpet was dabbled in blood, and on it there lay his length along the body of a man, staik, stiff and dead. His throat had been literally torn out by the dog, which crouched by his side, uttering a low growl now and tlieu, aud licking his lips. “In one of the dead man’s hands was a: hunch of skeleton keys. One of the plate; chests had been opened, and a portion of! the contents were on the floor. “The men-servants bent over the body j to raise it, when there was a cry of horror and astonishment. “God forgive him, and us all ! we recog nized the body of the Honorable William Cart foil! * # % X # “It was discovered afterward that the let ter from the country was a forgery, execut ed. probably, by the unfortunate and guilty man, who had died in this miserable man ner. It was found that he had made his entry by a back door leading into the mews, of which he must have had a key, and creeping up a back staircase, had entered the boudoir by a side door he knew well, had been heard by the dog, and so perished. “The story was hushed up, aud it was I reported and believed that young Mr. Will had gone abroad and died there.” Personal Liberty- Unlawful Imprison ment. During the war, the President and his subordinates incarcerated over one thous and persons in the most loathsome dun geons of the country. They imprisoned these men without authority of law aud iu violation of the Constitution. The victims have not been informed to this day of the reason why they were imprisoned. They were seized where the war was not raging, in those Slates where the courts of justice were fully organized aud iu the exercise of their powers, and where every crime could be punished by legal process of law, aud where every crime, duly prosecuted and proved, would have been punished. K. S. Schnabel was arrested in Litchfield county, in this State, and placed in Fort Lafayette, where he remained for months, sleeping along side of old cannon swabs, slush, and other offensive articles. He had made a speech at Morris iu favor of the Constitution, aud Sheriff Wessels, who ar rested him, informed us at the time that it was one of the best speeches he ever heard. He uttered no word against the govern ment, its institutions, or the war. But he asked that the servants of the people should abide by the Constitution, which is the government. \V ithout warrant, without law, and without, justice, Schnabel was hurried off to the fort, as soon as he had finished his speech to the great crowd ol people assembled to hear it. lie was not informed of the offence for which he was imprisoned—aud never could learn it. This was a blow at the life of the Republic, more deadly than the bayonets of the rebels. Senator Wall, of New Jersey, was dragged from his breakfast table one morn ing by a lile of soldiers and imprisoned. He had done nothing, said nothing, con templated nothing inconsistent with the in stitutions of his country. Was he a traitor? Certainly not, but he was a patriot who loved his country, aud venerated the principles of his government. Had ho committed no crime ; what was he arrested for? Neither he nor his friends, nor the public, have ever been permitted to know ! Here was another blow at the “Nation’s life,” more deadly than the rebel’s sword. And the little hump-back news boy, who sold papers that were sent to him from the news ollice, who knew nothing of their contents or of the subjects which they dis cussed—a harmless, innocent invalid, poor and struggling against physical infirmities (or a bare subsistence—this helpless and friendless citizen, was seized and imprison ed. Had the men who wielded the sword here had one object in view, and that only to strangle the liberties of the people, in violation of ever)- guarantee of the govern ment, they could not have pursued a more effective course. We allude to these cases, ouly three of a thousand similar ones—in which the parties arrested had committed no offence, no un lawful act, and were not informed of the reason of their imprisonment. Aud the some arbitrary military power, unlawfully took possession of the World, and Journal of Commerce newspaper of fices, and closed them, for the reason that they had published a bogus proclamation which was received late at night, by tele graph—the publishers of the papers never seeing it till it was printed, and themselves being cheated. Did the “loyal” press condemn these out rages? These deadly assaults upon the libeities of the press and the rights of the citizens? O, no ! They rather commend ed it all as something excellent. But now when Mr. Bowles, of Spring field, is arrested by a legal process of the court, on a charge of libel, aud the officers serving the writ very meanly consent to arrest him at night, when he could not for ten hours get bail, the same journals cry out against it, and declare that the liberty of the press is assailed, and persoual rights violated, aud ask how long our free institu tions can exist under such a state of things. [Hartford Times. The Indianapolis Sentinel says that Miss Laura Ueuo, sister of the victims of the vigi lance committee at Seymour, Ind., is a young lady o great beauty and accomplishments, possessing also the larger part of the brains of the family, which united to an inflexible will and an intense desire for revenge will sooner or later bring ruin or death upon some of the murderers of her brothers, and that all of them will And that the oath of revenge she took over the dend body of Frank Reno was no mere empty threat, to be forgotten in an hour, but a promise of terrible meaning. How Counterfeit Money is Made. A contributor signing himself Engraver, communicates the following to the New York Sun : Ed. N V. Sun: In your issue of Sat urday, I tee. 11,1 observed an article upon counterfeiting. As you do not appear to : understand the true theory of the art, I shall endeavor to enlighten you and the public. In tlie first place, a perfect fac. simile of the bill cannot be engraved by hand, as the most of the parts are engraved Ly machin ery called lathe work. So you see the impossibility of executing the work with-j ■ out its being immediately detected ; that is, j the lines on the figures and letters will not , be the same as on the genuine. The genu ine plates are engraved by the best work- i men in the country, and with every facility for making a very neat engraving. On the other hand, the counterfeiters, not having such facilities, they make a bungling job. No doubt you will be surprised to learn tho way the best counterfeit bills are gotten I up. A party of men, say from three to aj dozen, get together and hold trequent meet ings, and act according to a plan laid down. ! One or two will find out some copper-plate1 printer in ihe employ of the bank note printing office—in fact, all such printers are known by the parly. These men will manage to meet one of the printers in the evening, get acquainted, drink, and have a good time generally with him. and so pro ceed for a few evenings. Then they offer him from $50 to $150 to procure a certain kind of impression. This impression is made in this wise : The printer will take an impression tipou tin foil from the plate horn which he is printing, which can be done in a moment. Thus you see every liue and size is obtained correctly. From this tin foil an electretype plate is made. They then get some plate printer that can be found about the city, have a good time with him, and engage him for $20 per day to do the printing. By this plun thousands of copies arc struck off which defy detec tion, except in the quality of the paper, which will slightly differ from the genuine. The place of manufactory is generally some distance from the city, like Staten Island, Flathush, or sometimes Baxter street, or similar localities in the city. It is a strange fact in every case where parties of this kind exist, that, every member lacks confidence iu his associates. Every move made oy one is narrowly watched by the others of the party. It would be death to auy infor mant or spy that did not look well to him self. This I seuil you for information so us In lot you know how some thiugs are ac complished. If you think it is worth while to give these facts to the public you are welcome. Behind the Scenes. A large number of young persons, females as well as males, arrive daily in the city, seeking employ ment. A great many are attracted by the glare of the city, with the expectation that employment and money are to be had for the asking. Yet there is no place on the continent that is so over-crowded, where it is so difficult to get an honest employment and remunerative pay. Young women are employed in great numbers in stores, fac tories uml binderies. The slavery and drudgery to which they are subjected, if known beforehand, would keep the stout est heart away from New York. Some of the large retail stores employ scarcely any clerks but young ladies. They are well dressed. This is demanded. They seem lo have a cheerful, easy time, with good wages and little to do. But it is a serf dom that has le\vr equals. An iron rule runs through such establishments. Parties must be at the store at a given minute, have just, so many minutes for lunch, and are lined for every little mistake or neglect. If goods are stolen from a special depart ment, or damaged in the slightest degree, or missed, or misdirected, the young lady in charge of the department has to pay the full retail value of the article. There cau be no sitting down during business hours. Over these departments a woman presides to see that the laws are kept, because no man would be hard-hearted enough to en force the rules. Women make shirts and clothes at starvation prices, and getting in to the whirlpool of the city, must toil on or starve. Theatres and concert saloons, where ballet girls and singers are wanted, are particularly attractive to females out of employment. Besides the peculiar tempta tions of such a life which arc inseparable to it, the wages are hardly above that of a ditcher., while the toil that turns night into day exceeds that of any working woman on a New England farm. Such spend all they earn, are illy paid, die early, and are indebted to friends for a coffin aud a shroud. A young man or a young woman had bet ter stick to their native hills, dig, delve, drudge, if it need be, than attempt the bad, ill paid, hard to get and insufficient employ ment of New- York. Thousands of young persons to-day are in our midst with noth ing lo do and no money. [N. Y. paper. Home very (rightful exhibits of the con dition of liquors in New York is made in a recent report to the Board of Excise. Out of thirty-two samples purporting to be Bourbon, brandy and gin, only three or four are reported to be fair, and the rest arc inferior, bad and very bad. Against the first sample marked “bad” we find the note, “flavor like vinegar and rancid lamp oil.” Another is “flavored with winter greens, thirty per cent below proof.” The remainder are commented upon as “vile stuff,” “flavor of pine shavings,” “forty per cent below proof,” “diluted with tea,” “a poor rum flavored with wintergreen,” etc., elc. Fusel oil was discovered in great er or less quantities in all the samples but four. Snow Eyes. Ellis, in speaking of the Esquimaux, says : “Their snow eyes, as they very properly call them, are a proof of their sagacity. These are little pieces of wood, bone, or ivory, formed to cover the eyes, and tied on behind the head. They have two slits of the exact length of the eye, but very narrow. This invention pre serves the eyes from suowblindness, a very painful and powerful malady, caused by the action of' the light reflected from the snow. The use of these eyes considerably strength ens tlie sight, and the Esquimaux are so ac customed to them, that when they have a mind to view distnut objects, they common ly use them instead of spy-glasses. ! Spiritualism and the Will ef a Person Deceased. A Bath correspondent, of the Lewiston Journal gives the following acconut of a i recent trial in the former city, for testing the validity of a will made by spiritual di rection— The long case of Marianna Robinson, ap pellant from decree of Judge of Probate vs. Adams et als, executors, came to an end just in season for court, jury aud counsel to i enjoy Christmas at home. The case prob ably has excited more interest here than any one since that of the Bowdoinham | Bank robbers. It grew out of an effort on the part of an only daughter to set aside j the will of her mother, allowing her, dur ing life, $500 a year, and the same to her childreu after her. The appellant, herself an only daughter, has an only daughter some 10 years of age. The estate was some ! $15,000 or $20,000, aud in a certain con tingency is to go to collateral heirs. The estate was tied up with the avowed pur pose of keeping it entirely out of the bands of the daughter’s husband, against whom the mother had imbibed feelings of dislike. The appellant sought to set aside the will ou the grouuds, 1st improper influence of a brther; 2d, that the will was supposed to be dictated by the spirit, of a deceased hus band ; 3d, that spiritualism had became an insauc delusion, and 4th, that the testator was under an insane delusion in regard to character of Mr. Robinson. These points were all presented with a great deal of energy aud ability by Mr. Gould of Thomaston, in behalf of appel lant. He dwelt most upon the point that spiritualism had become with her an insane delusion. Mr. Gilbert, in behalf of executors, con tended that the documentary evidence of previous wills showed that she entertained the same purpose to exclude Robinson Irom any possible benefits of her property before she embraced spiritualism. That but slight changes were made in her last will after she embraced spiritualism, and those prin cipally in the same direction—more string ent against Robinson ; that she consulted her deceased husband in reference to the will after she hud made it and not before ; that Robinson had been unkind tc testatrix and that her feelings toward him were well grounded and not delusion. Kent J. instructed the jury, that as a general rule a man out of debt may sell his property or give it away, so iu prospect of death he may dispose of it by will; there is no law to compel one person to like another. A testator must be of sound mind, not necessarily of a high intellect. Insanity avoids a will, that iusauity which breaks down all the poaers of the mind or an insane delusion. What is an insane delusion—not a mere mistake of fact? A delusion is a diseased state of the mind which believes things that do not exist, with persuasion so fixed that neither evidence nor argument can convince | to the contrary. What is not reasoned up cannot he reasoned down. For instance, a man believes lie is made of glass, and takes good care not to break his legs. Here is delusion iu the fact and not in the reason ing powers. Again, delusion in the reasoning. A man believes as a fact in the second com ing of Christ, not necessarily a delusion ; by dwelling upon it lie believes that lie is Christ and has come claiming to he Christ, j I Here the reasoning is at fault. Specula tive beliefs iu Theology which we may con-, aider unreasonable or absurd, are not iu- j sane delusions. Eccentricity is not insanity. Eccentric people are conscious of the queer things they say and do. A person about to make a will may take advice. The influence to he undue so as to avoid a will must he such aud so exercised as iu effect to destroy the freedom of the testator’s will so as to render his act more the offspring of another’s will tliau his own. This same rule applies whether the in fluence is exerted by personal presence or by a letter from a distance, aud the rule is the same whether the letter comes from a husband iu an absent country or what is the same thing if she believes she receives a communication from the spirit world ; if she yields her own will, judgement and free agency it would not be her will; if she did not abandon them to the supposed wishes of her husband hut received it as advice, then it would he her own will. The same rule applies to spiritual communications, on this point, if believed, as to advice from a living person. The jury by their verdict after being out all night sustained the will. Case goes to law Court on motion to set aside as against evidence. Adams & Gilbert for the will. Till man & Gould for applt. Suicidb of a Dog. A remarkable iu stauce of self-destruction by a dog occurred at Rocky Neck, ou Friday of last week. Messrs. Todd, Tarr & Co., had a favorite dog, who for some time past has been quite infirm from old age, and has been allowed to lie around the store, as they did not feel ■willing to have him killed. Ou the day in question, some one observing his feeble con dition, remarked in a loud tone : “That dog ought to be killed ; he is not good for anything !” The animal looked mournfully up into the speaker’s face, then taking a wistful gaze aronud the store, and at those present, deliberately walked out of the door down to the railway, where he plunged into the water and was drowned. We publish ed, some time since, a similar case which occurred in Rockport, where the dog went down to the beach, and lying down, suffer ed the tide to come over him until he was dead. It is said that dogs are governed by instinct. Do not the cases above alluded to denbte that some of them, at least, poss es something stronger than that, and near akin to reason? [Cape Ann Advertiser. The Dexter Gazette says that Dexter is a manufacturing village of from 2500 to 3000 in habitants, situated about midway between the Peuobscot and Kennebec rivers. It his live re ligious societies, with settled pastors; four churches (meeting houses) aud a fifth to be erected the coining season ; six graded schools two hotels ; thirty-four stores ; a large number; of mechanic shops : five physicians; three den tists ; three lawyers; a savings bank ; a circu lating librury and nu association library; A Masonic Lodge and Chapter; a lodge of Good Templars, and other benevolent and charitable associations connected with the different relig ious societies. Governor’s Message. Gentlemen ol the Senate and House of Representatives: With devout gratitude to the Merciful Disposer of I a'l destinies, and invoking His blessing on our I humble endeavors, we meet to dedicate ourselves with the New Year to the service of the State. It i is not merely to repair the wastes of war, but to I provide for a new career of prosperity that site i now demands our care. With astonishing courage ; site is doing in these doubtful and difficult times the works from which site shrank in the days of i her improvident ease. Though late, she now per I ceives her true policy, and enters upon the field where tier proudest triumphs shall be won. It is ; for us to join aud guide as best we can in this ! awakening. The heaviest burdens we cannot rc i move. We sutler with the Country. Our pros perity is so involved in hers that the measures i which most seriously affect our interests, are deter i mined by the National Legislature and not by our own. But there too we may expect reliet. Tne agitations which have perplexed or paralyzed our industries, must by the necessity ot' things give place to the healthful rivalries of commerce, and the culture and nobler developement of life may again be deemed worthy of our highest aim. lu the recent decision of the people at the criti cal hour when the great issues which have dis tracted the country were to he finally determined, they have shown that they are not willing to give the Government over to the hands of our adver saries as a rebuke for our errors aud weaknesses; and that neither the renewal of violence nor of treachery shall cause them to lose shdit of the hi«h mission laid on them for the enfranchisement "of man. The firm hand raised up bv Providence to quell the violence of Rebellion, 'is chosen once more to guide in the victories of Peace. The task is not indeed light to restore financial confidence and industrial prosperity; hut wo may not persue it under more favorable auspices. The different branches of the Government will no longer have occasion to bend their energies to baffle eacb other. The States of the Soutli will see that our quarrel is not witli them but with the implacable spirit of secession and slavery, and It i3 to he hoped will acquiesce in th<? manifest will of the people. Di versity of interest and multiplicity 0f plan will he harmonized to one great end. AVe shall have peace. Conciliation, raaguanimity and fraternal regard may safely resume their benignant sway. Our State which bore so honorable a part in the strife of arms, may congratulate herself on the im portant share she is to take in the greater and more difficult acts of reconciliation. 1 shall not encumber this communication with the details which properly appear in the reports of the several departments, but shall present such matters as pertain to my immediate relations with you, aud those which might not otherwise he brought so distinctly to your attention. It will become your duty ou the secoud Tuesday of the session, to proceed to the choice of a United States Senator for the next six years. FINANCE. The report of the Treasurer will exhibit to you tlie very satisfactory condition of our finances. Our receipts tor the last year were $1,318.104.22.168; expenditures. $t,i42,8ui,i4. The public debt bus been reduced $37,000. The whole now outstand ing is #5,053,500. Of this, $800,000 falls due in 1871. To meet this we have tlie accumulating sinking fund, which with tlie sums paid in on our claim against the General Government, alrcadv amount to $846,000. On this war claim wc have'received tlie last year #134,203,30. At my entrance upon office in i807. the amount of our claim was $702, 849,82. Since that time we have been allowed and paid $701,048,07. Of this $357,702,10 were paid to tiic United States to cancel the direct tax laid on tlie State in 1861, and $9,516,89 paid to settle pri vate claims under resolve of 1868. Tlie balance, $348,131.21, has been paid into the Treasury and applied to extinguish the war loan of 1861. It will be seen that the balance dow remaining is very small. Tlie items of this are of such a nature that it is doubtful whether any more can be allowed without further legislation by Congress. The commission authorized by the Act for equal ization and reimbursement of municipal war debts, under tlie recent amendment to the Constitution, have entered on their duties. This is au important tribunal. The act declares that their adjudication is to he filial, and without appeal; aud that the State shall lie relieved from all further claims on account of municipal war debts. A loan of $3,500, 000, bearing interest from April 1, 1869, is author ized to meet this reimbursement. It will devolve on you ill pursuance of this act to provide for the first semi-annual payment of the interest of such portion ot this sum as me commission mav find due to the several municipalities within tlie' year, with tlie ratable portion of the sinking fund pro vided to extinguish the debt at maturity. It must be expected that this will require our rate per cent, of taxation to lie somewhat increas ed from last year, probably by two mills on the dollar. This will he tlie better borne when it is considered that it is to he more than reimbursed to the poorer towns, and to contribute to equalize so far as possible the burdens of the State. Tin; Examiner of Hanks aud Insurance Compan ies lias been at milch pains to investigate the facts lying within his field of duty, and will iay before you the result in a doeument’of exceeding interest and value. I commend his suggestions as worthy of your especial attention. MILITARY. The Soldiers Testimonials authorized by the last Legislature have been mucii sought for and prized. Ten thousand live hundred have already been is sued, aud twice that number will probably be ap plied for this year. The act authorizing them did not include in its provisions those who entered the naval service. Feeling that it was not the intention of the Legislature to exclude these, I endeavored so to frame the language of the certificate, that it. could be granted to seamen as well as soldiers, and 1 would respectfully suggest that the benefit of this act tie so extended. An appropriation of $-2,500 will be needed to pay for tbe testimonials to be de livered this year. Tbe administration of tbe State pension law de volves on the Governor and Council important and laborious duties. The whole number of appli cations tor 1808 is 1107. Of these there were granted 725; rejected 400, and suspended for fur ther proot 72. The whole amount authorized to be paid, including estimates on eases yet to be pre sented is $40,0(X). This brings the expenditure for 1808 within the appropriation. Owing to the omission to assess one of the appropriations, the arrearages for 1800 and 1807 absorbed nearly the whole of tbe appropriation for 1808, and the Uouu cil were obliged to give (heir personal guaranty to tiie Treasurer in order to meet the just claims of towns and not dishonor the promises of the State. The Council should be relieved of this liability by suitable legislation. It is estimated that $80,000 will lie needed to cover this deficiency and provide for the year 1809. ton will without doubt continue this relief, which at the best is but a slight return for the sacrifices of those who have lost their sup port, their health, their all, in the country’s cause. Another sad relic of the war is the orphans ot soldiers and sailors. We have tried to reach those who are destitute and render them such aid or care as we could. 1,931 have been reported. We have aided 1,018. 14 have been taken into the kind ly care ot the Hath Orphans’ Home, and 8 into the Bangor Asylum. The destitution among most of these orphans is very great, and requires some special provision. If the present manner of pro viding for them is approved bv you, the appropria tion nf $10,000 „-:n i. . In . Ibis year. It is hardly safe or wise for the State to he with out a small military force as its command, and I cannot bill repeat my former suggestions as to tbe importance of providing a complete equipment for a few volunteer companies. The Governor is al ready authorized to oi tanizc any portion of the militia. But the pay wli.eh by law attaches to mil itary service amounts to so much that I have not felt it right to add to our burdens in that way. I am assured that if the State would equip them a few companies would lie formed in various parts of the State, who would keep up an eftective organ ization, drill aud discipline, without pay except when ordered out on actual service.'' EDUCATION AT, AND REFORMATORY INSTITUTIONS. The report of the Superintendent of Common Schools will present matters of extraordinary im portance. The topics with wh ich he deals arc those which already engage the deepest interest of the people, and his suggestions as to an improved system of instruction, and a better economv of ex penditure, demand your earnest attention. His ex hibition of the actual decrease within the last eight years to the extent of nearly 20,000, in the number of children in the state between the ages of four and twenty-one years is of a nature to startle tlioso woo have at heart the welfare of the State. In my view this is not chiefly to be accounted for on physiological, still less—it is to he hoped—on criminal grounds; tint it is one of the sad signs of that emigration ot the youthful ami producing population ot the State, to which l have often call ed attention. Hut whatever may be the cause, it cannot be directly reached by legislation. Whether it lies in the depletion of our youth by emigration, or in the disinclination of our citizens to rear fami lies, it must mainly tic met by a generous public sentiment and policy, which will give our people courage, vigor and independence, and make them earnest to transmit to their posterity the blessings they enjoy and the good they have won. The btate College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts lias made cautious beginning, and with most gratifying prospects. The Report of the Trustees will more lhlly set forth their doings and their de sires in behalf of the College. The appropriation they ask for seems to be demanded by the plan up on which they have entered, and which the friends of Industrial Education generally approve, it will lie for you to determine whether to carry out dur mg the present year all that they propose, or such P®™®"of it as may seem to you indispensable. The Reform School, as you will learn from the Report of its officers,is now m the most satisfactory condition, and its management is worthy of partic ular commendation. Instead of being a burden this Institution must be regarded as a saving and a blessing to the State. The State Prison has shown great improvements in its internal disciplne, and general management. The earnings have been greater than in any previ ous year, though for sufficient reasons they do not quite meet the current expenses. PARDONS AND EXECUTIONS. Pardons have been granted the past year in per haps unusual number, still but a very small portion of the applications have been favorably received, ilost ot these cases are of soldiers who in the ex travagance of satisfaction at their safe return home carried their frolics to the extent of crime. Some ot these upon examination it has heen thought proper to release. The results have vindicated the clemency. In accordance with mv expressed intention I have executed the duties devolved on me In refer ence to convicts under sentence of death. These cases have been thoroughly considered. Wherever there lias been a mitigating circumstance ol any moment, the convict lias had the benefit of it. In two cases the sentence hits been commuted to im prisonment for life; in another, not admitting of lenity, the prisoner died before the warrant was to be issued; while in a case of peculiar atrocity and aggravation the sentence has beeu ordered to be carried into execution. I should have contented myself with this simple statement of my action without comment; but as it has pleased the Attorney General in his official Report to protest against this execution, although candidly admitting that it is the Governor’s duty to execute this law ; and as his careful official state ment must be takeu as the best expression of dis sent which can he made. I may be warranted in giving von the reasons why I am not influenced by that kind of argument. It is urged by the distinguished attorney, that Harris should not be executed, because he “ turn ed State’s evidence.’’ This means I suppose—for it will not be pretended that mere confession of his own guilt after arrest comes within the meaning ol this term—that there was some promise or obliga tion, expressed or implied, that if Harris shout I succeed in implicating a.i accomplice, he should escape the due penalty of his crime. I am not learned in the rules of evidence, and I remark upon this no furthc r than to say that if any person can he convicted of a capital offence by evi dence given under the pressure ol this consum mate hope of reward,'thPii the altar of justice is uu longer the asylum of innoceiee, and life and liber ty must seek some other defence. But if this was so, let those who made the promise keep it—let them see that their witness lias his reward while the ease is still in their hands. But did the Attor ney General avail himself of his privilege, and withdraw any portion of the indictment in token ot service rendered? Did the jury in their verdict, or the judge oftpr sentence, recommend to tile mercy of the Executive? Nothing of tin kind. INow one of two things: in turning State’s evi dence Harris must have implicated cither a guilty party or an innocent one. If an innocent, then he endeavored to add a third murder to the tormer two; if a guilty, tbcu in afterwards contradicting the statement with equal vehemence he virtually shielded the guilty from justice, in either case but adding another to his horrible list of crimes, and crowning the whole with perjury. I fail to see the extenuating force of any such State’s evidence as this. It is said that the fact of Harris’ carlv life—the degrading influences of slavery, and the develope nient of his brutal passions alone, and his being almost in his legal infancy, should have been con sidered. They were considered, and at their full value. They were a relieving element in the case: they were ground of gratitude that no man nursed of woman was left to do these horrors—and of con gratulation that this precocity of guilt was nipped in its “ legal infancy,-’ before its blossom and full fruit had come. But they did not appear sufficient, to entitle him to special grace. “ Previous good character” is a plea in mitigation—hut to plead a “previous bad character ’is a novelty in jurispru dence. A parallel lsalso drawn between the ease of Har ris and that of Knight, the latter being a more re sponsible person, and yet suffered to remain uu hung, while Harris is ordered to execution. The right and duty of the Governor to execute the lavs having been conceded, the argument conveyed in this illustration goes only to this effect: that Knight also should have been hung—a conclusion to which 1 take no exception; although Knight still protests his innocence while Harris boasts of his guilt, Bui this case is not in my hands. The law sentences a murderer to solitary confinement until senteuenoi' death is executed upon him; if he has been re leased and simply set at bard labor like any other convict, that is to all intents and purposes a com mutation of sentence. Now Knight has been at hard labor for some twelve yeais. He was uol sentenced to imprisonment foriiis natural lile.und hanging. Virtually he has been put upon the form er sentence and has actually served out a considera ble portion of it. To me it appears very question able whether a Governor has even the right to take out anoli a oonviot uftor ho hau boon -cn ill*' hilt a life sentence, and order him in addition to that to be banged by the neck just before lie dies. It is also asserted, or intimated, that Harris wa not the real criminal in this ease, but another party With him i have not liiug to do. If lie were eon victed and sentenced, a duty would arise in nis case. Hut the Attorney General was unwilling to put Inin on trial iwhen a new one was ordered) and discharged him from custody : presumable, be cause he could not convict him; if otherwise.' then lie did a great wroug to Har-is and to soci-ty and tlie cause of justice itself. T ic argument does not appear to me a convincing one that sentence should not be executed upon Harris |who confesses his guilt, because another is suspected to be more guilty whom even the earnest and ingenious Attor ney General believed lie could not convict, but re leased and forever Set tree from peril on this charge. I shall enter into no defence of an official act so plainly required by the constitution and the law and my solemen oath ; and which I bad beforehand so explicitly brought to the attention ot the Legis lature. Neither my own views of the death penal ty nor the present state of pul lie opinion, what ever they may he, affect in the least my duty to ex ! eeute the existing laws. Whether there has been any recent change of public sentiment on this sub ject I have no means ot knowing. The only legit imate and deliberate expression of public opinion ot a recent date is the action ol the last Legislature, which having before them the announcement of my views of duty in this matter, and voting direct l> on the hill lo abolish capital punishment, refused so to abolish it by a vote of nearly two to one. To my mind, l am free to say, this amounted to a re affirmation of existing law. If the Legislature up on mature consideration deemed it unwise to abol ish capital punishment, it would be an extraordi nary presumption in me to to take the responsibili ty of abolishing it myself. CAPITAL PUNISHMENT. 1 have heretofore advised that the death penalty be cither ensured or abolished. Not that the law leaves it doubtful whether it is the Governor’s du ty to execute the sentence at all—which would be a manifest absurdity—but that in failing to fix a limit within which the warrant shall be issued, il has left a clutnce for the Executive to defer it in definitely, and tints a precedent had hocn estab lished too strong to be set aside without bringing odium upon any Executive who should do his dut y . Now that this precedent lias been broken, it may be best to leave the law as it is. Cases might arise where few would say that death was not the only adequate penalty; yet it might be desireable to di i lav the execution, while testing some particular theory. In the ease of Doyle, for instance, noth ing but the earnest conviction ot his counsel thuL another party was the guilty one, saved him from execution, This surely is not a case forcominii tatiou. If Doyle is innocent lie should he set at liberty, and every possible reparation be made him. If guilty, he should suffer the extreme penally of the law. Thou too if you abolish the death penal i.y y jvw yi'j’ tit'ii uiuciiiiuiitm; ucivvcfii u sniffle high crime and the accumulation of such crimes. Take the above cited ease of rape. The punishment i» imprisonment for life. If the oflender sees no higher penalty before him lie has a powerful mo tive to dispose of tile principal witness against him, lie has everything to gain and nothing to lose In adding the crime of murder. However the experience of sufiering may have affected my personal sympathies, the consideration of the public safety convinces me that this is not the time to soften penalties. Too much crime is abroad, and emboldened by the mildness and un certainty of punishment. Most of our neighbor mg States retain the death penalty. We do not wisli to invite crime here by the. impunity it fails to find elsewhere. It is iirged that we should be merciful. But to whom? task. To the violator of all sanctities—the assassin of all defencelcssuess —the pitiless spoiler of the peace and order of so ciety? or to the innoeent, the good, the peaceful and" we 11-doing, who rely upon the protection of the State which they serve and adorn? Mercy is iu deed a heavenly grace, blit it should not be shown to crime. It is the crime and not the man, at which the law strikes. It is not to prevent that man alone trom repeating bis offence, tint to prevent others from so doing. If the wretch who medi tates crime sees the sure aud sharp penalty before him ho may take better counsels. Tnis is merciful to him, to his intended victims and to society in genera). Ami what convinces me the more that we should retaiu our present peualty, is the fact of which 1 have had abundant evidence, and must admonish you to keep ever in view, that the same parties who are so tierce for mitigating the death penalty to imprisonment for life, are equally discontented with this, and are quite as irrepressible iu the de mand that these criminals shall he absolutely par doned and set at liberty, for the reason that they have been so long iu prison. Witness the Thorne ease, where ttie virulence of abuse because a free pardon was not granted to the murderer ot bis friend ami benefactor, with this friend’s wife as a paramour and accomplice, was almost equal to that with which the virtues of Harris the ravisher of his murdered and dying victims, are compared with the crime of the stubborn Executive in not withholding the just penalty ot the laws. This shows whither these things tend—to the ab olition of ail penalty—-the consequent contempt ot