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VOLUME 39. BELFAST, MAINE, THURSDAY, MARCH 4. 4869. _NUMBER 34.
_— _ __ -__- ■ _————”—ti——A. ■ . r mXMMj i 3 , '\nr< rn> r>v pptnam ^imontok. our friend* who rw have communications, ob suggestions, or any thing n| ijitr, t;i!ii:ug to this d. ]) irtment, :;ie re*jue.>t«-il to roniti.u* ■ tin* same to I v. Putin.m JMiuonton, ^ ■: >\■<•>.». no v . tpare the tinuic tor publication, II of tulhcU-nt im* ■ C'OMH.OX lit lettol.t. ritoi'osi.D niiw Mil a si m s. ! ist week, we spoke of live changes in our - pool system, proposed by Mr. Johnson, the > superintendent of Schools, in his recent re- ; •. L -, and we then remarked upon the. first j i ao—tie- change from the district lo tie* town : • ••-ten, and Teacher's Institutes. 1- - m noiv consider roi Ni v siTiMtnvisons. i s is to liave one person in each count'. — . uv eleetcii, whether by th i town school committees, as formerly a similar oiii er was, i o. appointed by tbe fi ovent or anil Council, • i directly elected by the people,— the report s u o :i si>. —with a salary each of II11100, ■■ ■ • 11.1r tii ■ Suit *; some of the ilntles of said olli.’-Ts to be to visit and inspect tile schools in their r- speetive counties, to be an i,Id to the Sta'e Superintendent, to be “an A 1 vi iory K locational Board.”4.;. The report points to many advantages likely to accrue from this measure, the chief o, which Is that this ne w ilii vr will make up, in part, tor the df iieieue'-s an 1 sh irt-c imiugs of town school committees. But if this olllce Is made elective, as It pta bablv would be, Is not the risk equally great of getting a poor supervisor as id getting poor committee men? May it licit, be exchanging King l og tor King Snake r for, hi our experience, lotam-rly, in electing , junty members oi th Burd of K lueation, me question was uot—-"Is lie lit. has lie the 1 roper qualifications, lias his sotti been touch ed with a hie coal from the educational altar? .lit, o.U’it - -'.e , tun1, ‘‘ in dof /or party and Aud thus, di n, the olllce became only uuother element in the race for political prefer ient and sectarian advantage. And if there nay be one spot on earth which shall be su re I. and free from those blighting Iniluenccs. i that be our common schools. Perhaps hu .iuu nature may have changed, so as imk to know no fitness but true merit , but, reason ing from the past, this scheme, in this direc tlon. will b- a failure. Besides. lor reasons argued last tv-, cl: against “Teachers insti l utes," we cannot, but think that Lin* g mat l;u:tu cial burdens, already resting, as they must, for years to come, upon the people, forbid tue au nual expenditure of s>B..<>'>') for any measure not deemed vitally necessary, and of unques tioned utility. True, it is C limed that this E.s.ooo, yearly, may be saved by 4. I NTFOinilTV OF SClIOOi, BOOKS. Here we luliy agree with the Superintendent, that the multitudinous school books, and their irequent changes, are a very great nuisance, u great burden to the people, working a vast detriment to the schools, to suppress which evil should invoke the strong arm of the law. lie states in itis report, what we every where see. that there are inmost as many vari eties of text books us there are scholars,—a thing fatal to all classification, and wearing out t.ho lives oi tlie teachers in fruitless en deavors. Besides avoiding this evil, Its shows chat Mates which have directed this matter by law, arranging with the hook publishers to supply the schools at Itrst c< st, save, on the average, •at- /.m in tite price of books, com inn to tlie pr< sent method here. For, the peoph.pee,aiiv School Committees who make these frequent changes—should know that the dearest things you can have are those that seem to cost nothing. The gift “thread and thumbs” which so please unthinking pur chasers,/tare to In. paid .]■ ir under some other name; and when rival publishers put new books into the schools in exchange fur oid ones, you pay dearly tor this generosity, twice—once In the exborbitaut price at which they are put after being once Introduced, and again in the evils ol the ceaseless changes to which this free “thread and thumbs" business give rise. But there are several l.ve lions lu t!ie path of tills measure. 1 >r who are to be the judges to say, with the authoilty of law. i<7mf and .'./.ost books are the proper and only ones to be used? The faculties of our Colleges? The Governor and Council ? May we not fear that here, also, our schools may sutler from the sel ilshness ol sect, and the books he ever chang ing, as now, with the rise and lull of political parties .- Of all existing authorities, if con sistent with their other uulies, we should pre fer to see this delicate and difficult matter plac lu the hands of our .Supreme Judges, us gen tlemen oi culture and tried integrity—repre senting al! sects, and whose position places them beyond the taint of political prejudice, if you create a special commission of one from each county, to be elected by tile people, or to be appointed by legislative or executive author ity, we fear tin evil influences adverted to will so luflueuce the selection as to make the work imperfect and unsatisfactory. 5. 0‘IMi'UI.SOItY ATTEN HAMCU. The report says: “The State loses do to 60 per cent, of its braiu power from truancy and absenteeism," and argues in l'avor oi severer laws in remedy ol this great-evil. At present our laws are only permissive to those towns which choose to adopt compulsory measures lu a very limited way—such as sending habit ual truants to the Reform School, fie. What we want, so far us is consistent with personal freedom, is for authority, somewhere, to say that these costly opportunities shall not be so lost. To us it has always seemed a gross ab surdity, a perveislun of reasoning, to compel taxation for school houses and the support ol schools, while the other part of the contract,— the proper using of them—is left a voluntary and uncared-for thing. In all compacts, botli human and Divine, justice demands the proper inltllling of obligations on both sides, is the compulsory support of schools, therefore, less a trenching on civil rights, than compelling the other party—the scholars—to fulfill their part by availing thtmselves of them ? Pitt t>knt Farming. Probably, during u pe riod 01 twenty or thirty j ears, the prices of all larm products will be on the average, a just re lation to the cost ol' production and to the val ue of the land; and It would be dillicult to say ibat for so long a period any one leading branch would be in tbe main more prolitable man an other branch. When the prices of any com modity become excessively high, increased production will vary likely soon to make them excessively low, and It will be only after a good deal of loss and mislorluue to farmers ttiat they finally gravitate 10 a just medium. Therefore It should he the aim of every sensi ble man to resolve, at the outset, that no ex cessively high price of a commodity, which is uot within the scope of his plan to produce, shall induce him to ubaudou his adopted course in the hope of availing himself of the benelits which must result from high prices. Sure Curb for Cots in Horses. Take half a pint each of vinegar, solt-soup, gin and molasses; shake well together, and pour down the animal’s throat while the mixture Is loam lug [Hearth and Home. Tim Selentille American gives the following lireetlous for building an ice house and pack ing the ice :— • A family ice house need not bo an expensive | structure. It may be built cheaply, subserve its object excellently, anil add to me attrac tions ot a homestead by being a sightly object. A building of twelve ieet square and eight or nine feet high is sulllcient for tiie. wants of the most exacting family. It may be a frame build ing, entirely above the surface ot the grouud, and better if supported on posts, elevated a lew iucltes, to be certain of gooddraiuage. Built ol joists, two or throe invites, with an outer hoarding, having inside another series of up rights, also boarded, from six to ten inches re moved from the outer shell, with solid floor of plunk, tiie space between the two walls liiied with tan, sawdust, straw, or chutt, and a roof ot good pitch, the ice house is complete. A dram for water sliould be made from tiie floor, and the space above the uprights, between a loose flooring ami the pitch of tiie roof, tilled with straw or hay, or sonic similar dry, porous material. O.t the roof should be a ventilator, the lop defeuded from tin' tain or snow. Pile ice should be packed in one solid mass, the s: Vs not reaching tiie inner walls ol tin* building, but allowing a space of from six to twelvv inches ail around. The Lop ol the ice should bo covered with straw, and the door should be like the sides of the building, or double doors should im made, oue In tiie outer and the other in the inner wall, l'iaut morn ing glories or any climbing plant around the builuiug and induce them to creep up tiie walls and over the roof as an additional defence against tiie fervid sun of summer. Two workmen, it not practical carpenters, can put up such a building in one, or at most, two days, which, if taste and judgment is used, will prove to be a sightly addition to the at tractions ot a country home, and a usdui ad junct to tiie farm, its contents being convenient and comforting in health and invaluable in sickness. Such an house would prove also convenient as a relrigerator on a large scale, preserving food ot various kinds and the prod ucts of tile dairy.’’ Isbivuhjai. Economy. If there are the most urgent state reasons why there should be inaugurated Irom this time <, careiul system of public economy—which scarcely any oue will be inclined to deny—there a'm equally urgent demands for individual retrenchment, it is surprising that out of so many whose income amounts to Irom §2,000 to §5,000 per annum, so little money is laid by for emergencies, al though that is the very class that should save mouey above all others. Tile necessity lor individual economy is even greater at this lime than during the war. There was tiieu u iictitious and unreliable stale ol af fairs; an apparent ease in mouey matters and greater opportunities lor money-making; a recklessness and spirit of extravagance that do not prevail now. it Is now that lue enormous expenses of our civil war are lelt by every lu dividuul, lor the tax must be paid by iudivid-; uals, alter ail. The tux that is now pat upon the citizen; the hard times that are almost certain to prevail the present winter and per haps for a still longer period; a common de sire to return to that smooth prosperity which, iu ilie end, is ahoui equally advantageous to all; these and many other irdluenees should iniiuce every one to make everything go as iar as possible lor the present. Oue of the most efficacious means of arriv ing at the desired object is the keeping oi a regular account. This account is the simplest in uie world, and needs only to state the amounts received and Irom what souice, and tne amounts paid out ami lor what purpose. But the account should be a a Uriel one and uev c-r neglected. Every penny should be pul down, and the work will be lound light, will soon become a habit, and will be both satisfac tory and prolilable. Eel every man an woman who reads this article try the experiment. SroEJiv Days. Let these he employed by the farmer to good advantage, cleaning up the barn, selling the barn arid house cellar iu or der, mending tools, and other tilings that may be broken; cutting up roots, cutting hay, and many other tilings liiut will suggest themselves. Some farmers that we have known remind us of the old Dutchman at whose house a travel ler stopped one rainy day lor shelter. The . house leaked badly, and the traveller asked the owner why ho did not repair it, when he said, •' You surely would not have me out into the rain to do it, would you?" “ But why not do it m fair weather?" “ Why it does not leak then.” .So some person are always putting oil, never quite ready to do the job. This Is a bad way. Bones, and What to Do With Them. ii. S. Warthen, who lives at Sandersville, Ga., near a battle-field, or one of Sherinau's camp lug grounds,) has collected several thousand ; pounds of old horse and cattle bones, and ' would like to know how to crush and apply ; them. He was advised to pound them iu a ■ rude mortar, made by sinking a caldron In the I earth and suspending a ball of iron, by a spring, i lor a pestle. When made quite fine he should mix with diluted sulphurie-.icki, In a basin made of clay,;and compost with dry peat or loam. [Hearth and Home. Ct'iiiXG Loader. A rambling but animat ed debate followed on the propriety of cutting hay—several doctors who regularly attend the j Club arguing, from the teeth, throats, stom achs, and entrails of cows and horses, that it does no good, but harm rather, to cut and cook their food. On the other hand, the tanners | declared that no lecturing or physiology could induce them to break up their feed-cutters, when they found, by actual ami f requent trial, that fifteen pounds cut are equal to twenty fed long. The Disc Harrow. A farmer from Sew Jersey describes a harrow in which the instru ments that furrow the surface are not a set of ! teeth, but circular plates, that cut sous and weeds, and at the same time, by the manner in which they are set, stir and tarn the soil. He ; bas used It a year, and finds it quite superior ; to every other contrivance for surface-tillage. : The front plates can be removed, and it be i comes a cultivator, that runs on both sides of a row of potatoes. 11 ■ 1 I he remains of John Wilkes Booth were transferred from the pine box in which they had been buried to a splendid metal i lie colltn. Jt was found that the flesh had all disappeared, leaving naught but a mass of blackened bones. Upon one foot was ; an old army shoe, nud upon the other a boot cut open upon the top. This cover ed the loft foot, the leg having been broken i in his leap fron the stage-box of the theatre, after he had assassinated Presideut Lincolu. The remainder of his dress consisted of j a rough brown coat, black pauts and vest, all of which weie rotten aud decayed. The fiair all remained, aud the silken curls of glossy black reminded one of the handsome i face which people once so much admired, but the intelligent look was gone. During [ the afternoon hundreds of people visited the place, and some were allowed to view the remains. After a short time it was | found that the curious crowds had cut the blankets almost to pieces to get souvenirs, on tlie arrival of Airs Booth and her sons j Edwin Booth and Junius Brutus Booth, and the body will be secretly interred, in the presence of the family, at Baltimore Cem etery, beside the remains of Junius Brutus Booth the senior. The Lewiston Journal relates the clrcum i stances of a man in Auburn losing his health from usmg water which passed through 140 feet ot lead pipe, aud recoveriug when he dis continued It. Earning a Wifo. “And so you want to marry my daughter, young man?” said farmer llilkins, looking at the young fellow sharply from head to toes. Despite his rather indolent effeminate air, which was mainly the result of his educa tion, Luke Jordan was a line looking fellow, and not easily moved irom his self-posses ion ; hut he colored and grew confused be neath that sharp scrutinizing gaze. “Yes, sir: I spoke to Miss Mary last night, and she referred me to you.” Tiie old man's face softened. “Molly is a good girl, a very good girl,” he said, stroking his chin with a thoughtful air, “and she deserves a good husband. Wliat can you do?” The young man looked rather blank at this abrupt inquiry. If you refer to my abilities to support a wife, I can assure you—” ‘•I know thut you are a rich mao, Luke Jordan, but I lake it for granted tliat you ask my girl to marry you, not your property. What guarantee can you give me. in ease it should be swept away, as it is iu thousauds of instances, that you could provide for her a comfortable home? You have hands and brains—do you know how to use them?— What can you do?” This was a style of catechism for which Luke, was quite unprepared, aud he stared blankly at tfie questioner without speaking. “1 believe you managed to get through college—have you any profession?” “No sir I thought—” “Have you any trade?” “No sir; my father thought that with the wealth I should inherit 1 should not ueed any.” “Your father thought like a fool, then. He’d much better iiave given you some honest occupation and cut you off with a shilling—it might have been the making up of you. As it is what are you fit for? Here you are, a strong, able-bodied young man, twenty-four years old ; aud never earned a dollar in your life 1 You ought to be asham ed of yourself. Aud you want to marry my daughter.” “Now, I have given Molly as good ad vantages for learning as any girl iu town, aud she hasn’t thrown 'em away ; but if she didn’t know how to work, she’d be no daugh ter of mine. If I choose, I could keep more than one servant ; but I don’t, no more than 1 choose that my daughter should be a pale spiritless creature, full of dyspepsia, aud all sorts of tine lady ailments, instead of the smiling bright eyed, rosy cheeked lass she is. I did say that she should not mar ry a lad that had been cursed by a rich fa ther ; but she has taken a foolish liking for you, aud I’ll tell you what I’ll do. Go to work and prove yourself to be a man ; per fect yourself iu some occupation—I don’t care what, if it is honest—then come to me, and, it the girl is willing, she is yours.” As tho old man said this, he deliberate ly rose from the settle of the porch aud went into the house. Pretty Mary Lilians was waiting to see her lover down at the garden gate, their usual trysting place. The smiling light fa ded from her eyes as she noticed his sober, discomfited look. ‘■rather means well, she saiu, as Luke told her the result of his application. “And I'm not sure but lie’s about right, for it seems to me that every man, rich or poor, ought to have some occupation.” Then, as 3he noticed her lover’s grave look, she said soltly : “Never mind, I’ll wait for you, Luke.” Luke Jordan suddenly disappeared from his accustomed haunts, much to the sur prise of liis gay associates. But wherever he went, he carried with him those words which were like a tower of strength to liis soul: “i’ll wait for you, Luke.” One pleasant suushiny morning, late in October, as farmer Bilkius was propping up the grape-vine in liis front yard, that threat ened to break down with the weight ot its luxurious burden, a neat looking cart drove up, from which Luke Jordan alighted with a quick elastic step, quite in contrast with his former easy, leisurely movements. “Good morning, Mr. Bilkius, I under stood that you wauted to buy some butter tubs aud cider barrels. I think I have some that will suit you.” i “Whose make are they?” asked the old man, as, opening the gate, he paused by the wagon j “Mine,” replied Luke, with an air of par donable pride. Mr. Bilkius examined them one by one. “They’ll do,” lie said, cooly, as he set down the last of the lot, “What will ye | take for them ?” “What I asked you for six months ago , to-day—your daughter, sir,” The roguish twinkle in the old man’s eyes broadened into a smile. “You’ve got the right metal in you, after all,” ho cried. “Come in, lad—come in. I shouldn’t wonder if we made a trade after all.” JNotliing loth, Luke obeyed. “Molly !” brawled Mr. Blinking, tlirust i ing his head into the kitchen door. Molly tripped out into the entry. The | round white arms were bared above the el bows and bore traces of the flour she had been silting. Her dress was a neat ging ham, over which was tied a blue checked apron ; but she looked as lovely us she al ways did wherever she was found. kibe blushed and smiled as she saw Luke, and then, turning her eyes upon her father, waited dutifully to hear what he had to say. 'lhe old man regarded his daughter for a moment with a quizzical look. “Moll, this young man—mayhap you’ve seen him before—has brought me a lot of tubs and barrels, all of his own make—a right good article, too. He nsks a pretty steep price for ’em, but if you are willing to give it, well and good ; and hark ye, my girl, whatever bargain you make, your fa ther will ratify.” As Mr. Bilkins said this he considerate ly stepped out of the room, and we will fol low his example. But the kind of bargain the young people made can readily be con jectured by the speedy wedding that follow ed. Luke Jordan turned his attention to the study of medicine, of which profession he became a useful and influential member; but every year, on the anniversary of his marriage, he delights his mother-in-law with some specimens of liis handicraft by which he won what he declares to be the the best and dearest wife in the world. Man-Eating Tigers. AVIiat ft sensation there would be in Eng land ii the morning papers announced that a murderer and cannibal, dressed in a sur coat striped with black and yellow, was liv ing upon the Richmond road ; that he had already killed and eaten eight or ten score of market gardeners ; and that the price of cabbages and turnips had goue up tweuty per cent, in consequence of these audacious ravages ! We cannot imagine such a state of affairs ; but it exists olteu enough in the East, and even close to large cities. Here is a paragraph from the Madras Times, of December 2, dated from Chintagoonta, sit uated near the considerable town of Cud dapali, and on the road to another populous place called Xandval. The correspondent says : We are much annoyed by a man eater, about eleven miles oil', under the hills, and the ctiect has been to raise the price of bamboos, charcoal and wood. I happened to be yesterday in the village where it committed its last depredation. I found a force one hundred strong, compos ed of the young men of the adjoining vil lages—they assemble every morning about nine a. .u., aud march with tom-toms ahead aud astern, armed with spears aud match locks, into the jungle near the village, car rying food to meu who are posted in trees uear each place where any one lias been kill ed. As may he expected, since they took these precautions, they have seeu nothing ol him, as he has quietly gone to another vil lage. They told me that the tiger had killed more than two liuudred people ; a great ma ny close to the village. Here is the murderer aud man-eater in the dress ol yellow aud black ! The beast is lord of the district aud levies his land-tax ol flesh and blood whenever his appetite moves him. By far the most considerable personage for many miles around, in the jungles anil plains about Chiutagoouta, is this “Wag'n,” the tiger. He is greater than the Zemindar, than the Head Tries!, or the Coiiector-Sa heb ; and while the Striped Tyrant lives and prowls, the wretched Hindoos must talk and thiuk of nothing else. lie de ranges tiie market, as it will be seen, for it is more than tiie life ot the charcoal burn ers aud cane cutters is worth for them to trust themselves in small parties anywhere about his haunts. Such a brute, iiis fangs once dyed in human blood, never abandons the dainty food ; he watches the poor wood men in tiie hushes ; the cow-boys roaming upon the maidau, the women and girls go ing down tor water to the river or the jheel; he lies beside the path which the letter-carriers take, and knows when the old meu go out to drive the goats home. One by one his victims disappear, until a panic falls upon the neighborhood, and the poor people hang about their huts, or go out only in strong detachments. Then ho grows holder, aud creeps at night close to the walls of the houses, picking up lus hu man supper from the evening lire or the village gateway. Usually there are “shi karries”—native hunters—somewhere at hand, who manage in the end, after many a patient vigil in the lork of a tree, to put a match-lock bullet iu the right place ; and then there are held as exuberant rejoicings us thougu some great puone victory nail been won. Tbe monster is brought iu.o tlie village with dances and drums, ihe wo men scream curses at his dead carcass, the men cut oil' his whiskers and claws for charms, his hide is flayed oil, aud ihen load ed with execrations, he is dragged out into the open held for the vultures to eat. But it olteu happens that the tiger is not to he "potted” by such weapons as the native guns ; and iu that case ho sometimes actu ally drives a whole village away. Many anil many a deserted site may be touud in the Indian jungles, where the huts are dis mantled, the temples are empty, the grass grows iu the uarrow street, aud the shikar 1 l ies tell you “it is the tiger !” The mur ! derer in the black and yellow suit has tak j eu possession ; and, as likely as not, iu the j early morning the brute may be seen sneak I iug home from bis hunt, into some village habitation, where lie has made bis den. The man-eating tigers, however, are al most always very old beasts. ISo long as the beast has his nails aud fangs iu perfec tion, aud tils muscles are still stroug aud lithe, he lets human creatures alone as much as possible. Wheu impelled by hunger he can pounce upon an antelope or buffalo, or at the worst lie iu wait for the village herds, aud pick up now aud then a goat or a cow. But old age comes upon the “great cat” at last, and lie finds the black buck aud wild cattle too agile lot him. A sharp-set tiger, : it is true, will eat almost anything—from j carrion of the vilest kind to frogs, toads, snakes and lizards ; but such “small deer” do not fill his maw. His teeth are worn down, his claws are broken and stumpy, his hide has grown patched and maugy, the ti gresses yell at him and beat him off; liis living has become very hard to get, aud he hunts alone all night iu vain till the empti ness of his belly forces him to the chase iu the daytime—a thing which tigei'3 dislike, because the hot ground is painful to their huge but delicate pads. The sight of some juicy little Hindoo lad passing by with the kino tempts the desperate brute to set aside the natural dread which beasts feel for man. He finds that soft brown “lord of the ire.i tiou” easier to kill than a goat, and nicer ; to eat than a kid. From that day forward ( he is a confirmed man-eater. He studies the ways auil customs ot too new prey, till he knows how to sneak up and pick the bird-searer from his muchaun, and when to look out for the tappalwallaw, or the boy going to the temple with chupatties for the priest. The yellow aud black jungle-tyrant regains comparative strength aud lusthood ; aud since he has taken to man’s tlcsh, he has no longer the old terror of the human race. He is at once horribly bold aud cun ning ; he comes to know exactly when he is in real danger, aud when it is tolerably safe for him to disregard noises and squeal ing, aud pick out his dinner lrom among the villagers. The Chiutagoonta tiger is said to have killed already two hundred vic tims. There i3 nothing abolutely improb able in this, though a Hindoo’s imagina tion—always fertile enough—goes wild up on the subject of a man-eater. Aud it is exceedingly characteristic of such a con firmed aud sanguinary old gourmet, that he is hopelessly invisible when the vllagers turn out in search of him in the fashion which we have described. He knows al most as much about such an absurd expedi tion as the villagers themselves ; he mukes himself carefully aware of the shikarries posted here aud there iu the tree-forls. You do uot by the bleating of a captive goat tempt the man-eater very easily into the patch of moonlight, for a pot-shot. When the hunters descend, he will breakfast on one of them, if opportunity oilers ; and when the villagers come out against him in a reg iment, he watches their trembling route from the tangled darkness of a thicket, where his wicked body aud fierce eves look, to any hut a hunter, like a sandbank with two green glow-worms upon it. Or, if the noise and trouble are particularly offensive, he creeps away, belly to the ground, till things are quiet in his own district, aud the soft, delicious, helpless animal, called “lord of creation” is off his guard again in the old haunts. anere must us naruy anu ieaness r-ng lish sportsmen within reach of this striped villain’s lair, and wo trust that one of them has long before this time put an exploding shell, or a belted ball, through the brute’s shoulder. The skiu of such a tiger is worth nothing—it is always worn and scrubby, iu consequence ol the man-outer's old age. The intense gratitude, however, of the vil lages which are afflicted by such a monster, makes pursuit of him a sublime “shikar,” a delightful peril; and we hope that the dfiuL as Times will tell us next month that the Chiutagoonta murderer has expiated his crimes, flow a tale like this, where we see a whole country-side domiuated by oue of the carnivora, takes us back to the ages when man fought—literally “fought”— against beasts for the supremacy of the earth! The stories of Nimrod aud St. George, the myth of Perseus aud Androme da, the “Dragon of Wautley,” aud the head money of Egbert for the wolves which used to ravage Britain, are only a few among the innumerable evidences of a struggle perpetually waged between man and his ri val carnassiers tor the kingdom of the world. Solt, unarmed, without natural clothing, a “poor forked thing,” as Shakespeare says, man has long ago subdued the earth, all, so naturalists tell us, because of au “opposa ble linger aud thumb,” and also because ol a ciinscitv for union. Tr rnrimn to think 1 J ' ' % .. . what might be the issue if au armv of ti O j' gers, lious, aud all the brutes of the jungle could coalesce aud march straight at us, careless of death and wounds. But their fate is sealed—civilization thrusts them per petually farther and farther from her trout ; and wherever man comes, he insists upon iudulgiug his carnivorous appetite without any rival. Oue boast is left to the tigers— they eat us, but we cannot eat them ! Mad JJojss. The apprehension in regard to hydro phobia that exists in the vicinity oi New York amounts almost to a panic. Some cases that have recently occurred give rise to a belief iliat the bite of a dog is liable to produce death iu mankind, with all the hor rible accompaniments of hydrophobia, even if the dog bo not mad. The papers are seriously discussing the question whether the race of dogs should not be exterminated rather than that society should run this risk. The New York Herald has tlie following— Iu l’attersou, N. J., a gentleman named McCarthy died on Sunday afternoon from the disease caused by a bite he received from his dog New Year’s day. List M ml ly a Mr. Ludlam died from the same disease, he having been bitten by his dog four weeks previously; and two or three other fatal cases, which cannot now he readily called to mind, have beeu brought to public notice since the 1st of the mouth. All the cases referred to, with one excep tion, occurring iu the winter, have more than corroborated the evidence giveu by many learned physicians to the effect that sultry weather is uo more provocative of hydrophobia than the cold mouths ol Jauu ary or February. The old superstition about dogs going mad only while the dog star rages is felt, therefore, without ground to stand upon. The case of Mr. Ludlam is rather a peculiar one, and although it may not, like the other instances mentioned, add to the force of the urgumeut against hydrophobia as being a disease peculiar to a certain season of the year, it may sur prise many who believe that the disease is produced solely by the bite of what is tech nically called a “‘mad’ dog. It appears that Mr. Ludlam, about four weeks a^o, endeavored to punish a little dog he hud for chasing a favorite chicken about his yaid, and the dog not relishing the kicks and cull’s lie received turned upon his master and hit him iu the baud, causing but very slight cuts, from which, however, the blood flowed quite freely. The dog, according to the ev idence oi Mr. Ludlam s family', had given uo signs of inaduess before the occurence alluded to, nor did he show auy after Mr. Ludlam had beeu bitteu, uud they feel cou tideut that the auiraal was uot mad at auy time. Mr. Ludlam, it is said, knew this fact, but apprehensive and probably super stitious as to what might occur to him should the dog go mad after he had beeu bitteu, had the creature killed shortly after receiving his injuries. Iu a few days the wounds healed up very' nicely and uo sign of auy serious result made itself known un til Friday last, wlieu he was seized with a tit of extreme nervousness, which caused him so much misery that he seut for Dr. Peuuoyer, who was oue of his neighbors. JJr. 1 euuoyer states that oil calling ou Mr. Ludlain lie perceived no indications of the terrible disease from which his patient af terwards died, but ou paying him a second visit, the following morning, he became convinced that he was suffering from hydro phobia. From the first moment he had fell i unwell the patient grew gradually worse, and seemed to be all the time well aware of the cause of his agonies, and even had the presence of mind to warn every person who called on him, as well as his family, to keep away from him, for fear of being bitten. Ou Saturday Dr. Peunoyer called in Drs. Alexander Hutchins and Goodwin, and the three gentlemen held a consultation over the case, but were unable to do anything whatever to lessen the tortures from which the unfortunate victim labored. Chloro form was used at times, but it seemed to have no effect on the patient. The physi-1 ciaus did all in their power for him, but he gradually grew worse and finally so terrible were his spasms that they fouud it necessa- j ry to tie him with sheets upon his bed ; but in his struggles he tore them into ribbons j and even broke the bedstead up m v hdi lie was lying. It required the combined ; strength of six men to hold him during his I struggles, and up to the time of his death the spasms coutiuued of the most violent character. The physicians state that Mr. Ludlarn was perfectly conscious during the whole time. Ou one occasion he attempt ed to swallow some farina broth which was served to him with a spoon. After a des perate effort to master his iuvoluntary re pulsiveness to the liquid he succeeded in throwing it down his throat after the fash ion a persou would throw a glass of water against a window and immediately exclaim ed, “thank God that’s down.” Dr. l'enao yer, Hutchius and Goodwin are of the same opinion that the saliva which enters a wound made by an angered dog is just as poisonous as that of which is commonly call ed a mad dog, and that this opinion is uot founded on theory the death ol Mr. Lod lam seems to be very strong proof. The Darien Canal. [From the New York Tribune. Feb. lb.] If the treaty which Mr. Caleb Cushing has just negotiated with the United States of Colombia for the construction of ft ship canal across the Isthmu3 of Panama is such as we have a right to expect, Mr. Seward lias achieved a success far ectispiug the glory of his icebergs and earthquakes. Tue project of a caual acros:- the little neck ot , laud that separates the Atlautlc aud Pacific \ oceaus is nearly three and a half centuries j old. The early Spanish adventurers were quick to perceive the immense advantages ! which must follow the cutting away of this i barrier; bow it would give them easy ac cess to the wealth of India and control ol both the rich coasts of the two Amer can continents. Barely forty miles of the land intervening between the two seas—aud yet for those forty miles the treasure-laden galleons had to coast along both sides of a great continent aud risk the perils of the stormy cape. In the sixteenth century, Philip II. of Spain sent two Flemish eugi-1 neers to explore the isthmus for a propel route; but they encountered insuperable ■ difficulties ; political reasons also came up which rendered the scheme undesirable ; aud the canal project was put under ban, aud death decreed against any one who 1 should revive it. In the present century the plans of the Spanish pioneers have been caurassed over and over again with redoub led earnestness. The Government of New Granada has once or twice taken up the work ; France and Great Britain have en- j tered into it with zeal; aud our owu count ry has devoted to it extraordinary pains. The surveys of the tangled and dangerous forests by our Amercau engineers, several of whom lost their lives in lire enterprise, from one of the most thrilling chapters in j the history of modern adventure. Tiic j task of selecting a route is uo easy one, nor will the labor of building the canal be by j any means so simple as it may seem. Fae i interior of the country is so absolutely un known that the surveyor must examine j uearlv every foot of ground in person ; there are few records ol previous scientific ex ploration to guide him. Aud though the strip ot lima between tue two oceans is so narrow, it embraces natural obstacles which it will require the genius ot superior engi neers to overcome—obstacles so great that it lias repeatedly been sought to avoid them by the choice ot loug and tortuous routes through the peninsular ot' Central America. The great trouble is this, that right through the isthmus runs the mountain chain, whien couueets the great range ot the North ern aud Southern I’acitic coasts. To cross this range with a ship-canal involves a tremendous system of locks, cuttings, and enormous tunnels, high enough aud wide for the passage of large ocean vessels ; aud ] locks require feeders which at high levels , it is difficult to tiud. Tliese obstacles, how -\ ever, are ouly such as money aud persever ance can overcome. The work will pay in the loug run ; but can the capital be raised to defray the first cost? The .Suez caual is mere child’s play in eomparisou with a ca nal through Panama or Darien. A canal, however, the interests of the world require, and we cannot doubt lhat j the building of oue is close at hand. Com merce between the United Stales aud the Eastern coasts of Asia, and the islands ol the great South Sea, is rapidly developing. The traffic between Asia aud Europe, also, has been gradually making a highway of the American contiueul, even though the transit involves a double transfer of cargo from ship to railway, aud from railway back again to ship. It is estimated that the saving iu money to the trade of the world by the opening of this caual will be annually nearly $50,000,000, aud the sav ing to the United States no less than $36, 000,000. The saving in distance in the voy age from New York to Calcutta will be 4. i 000 miles ; from New York to Melbourne, ; 3,340, from Shanghai, 9.600. There are questions concerning the neu trality of the caual in the time of the war i which have been difficult to settle, and we shall await the publication of the text of Mr. Cushing’s treaty with some anxiety to see how they have been disposed of. All civilized nations’ however, seem yearly more and more anxious to lesson the hor rors of war, aud render its burdeus as light as possible to non-combatants ; aud we doubt not that au agreement eau be made with which the contracting parties aud the world at large will be entirely satisfied. The Maine men at Washington are confident! that Fessenden will go Into the cabinet. Grant | says he will have no naval or military man there. Au Alabamian was lying in bed, one morning, when a l'rieud stepped iu and said : “Brown, breakfast is coming on.” “Let it come on,” said Brown, with a look ol defi ance ; “ I’m not afraid of it.” A gentleman advertises for a horse “for , a lady of dark color, a good trotter, and ol stylish action !” The horse “must be young,; and have a long tail about fifteen 'Panels Wgh.” _ The freedmeu of Georgia are destroying and stealing farm stocks at such a rate, that it is feared that neithar cattle or hogs will be found iu the State in a little while unless it can be stopped. The snow storm ol Friday night last, de posited more of the article than all prev ious ones of the wiuter together. Social Aiurmusrxc. “Two brothers,” began the professor impressively, addresi iug the hostess, “were walking together ! down tiie street, and one of them, stopping I at xx certain house, knocked at the door. | observing ; ‘I have a meco here, who is ill.’ | ‘Thank heaven,’observed the other, lI have ! got no niece ;’ and he walked away. Xe« , i how could that he ? ’ “Why it’s a riddle,” exclaimed Mr. Fuuui | dog, delightedly. | “And one that you will not guess m a I hurry, simple as it is,” observed the profes ■ sor confidently. “Come, ladies and gentle j ‘uen, solve the problem.” "1 see,”-ejaculated Mrs. Housewife. “Hush ! whisper in my ear,” cried Fuz j zleton, with all the excitement of a child i with a toy. “L)ou t let ’em hear it—'Niece I by marriage ?’ Siull and nonsense. The thiug is not any foolish kind of catch at ail”—and once more he glanced with hos tiliy at Funuidog, as much as to say, “such as he would ask you.” “Nothing cau be simpler than my question. 'I’ve got a niece, that’s ill,’ says one brother.’ ‘Thank Heaven, 1 have not got n niece,’ says the other. Ho,v can that be?—You all give a up? Weil, the invalid was bis daughter.” “O I see,” said Mrs. Housewife, de.-poud ingly. “How very stupid in us not to find it out!” “Yes, indeed, ma’am,” assented there morseless savant. “The failure only show s how difficult it is for ordinary min 1? to grasp more thau one id a at a time. The attention is solely fixed on the ditf rent va rieties of nieces.” “And also," observed Sir. Aloes (who was much displeased at bring rias-ed among “ordinary minds”)—“and aim, the aiten tiou is naturally distracted from the point at issue by the brutality of the lather - re mark. Now, that is in itself a 'catch,’ in my opinion.” ‘Well, sir, I will give you another simple exercise tor the understanding, that inis no such distracting clement,” observed the pro fessor coolly. “A biind beggar had it bioth er. The brother died. What rehitiou were they to one another? 1 te tell me that.” “Why, they wore brothers.” exclaim. . the colouel, with ttie rapidttv ot a sm;f! boy at the bottom ot bis class, who hopes t., gain promotiou. ••Mo sir,” answered the professor, regar . iug Thunderbomb with interest, as a si uitieaut type or some low order of iuiel.t geoce, “they were not brotiiers, 01T should scarcely have asked the question.” “They might be brothers-iu-lavv ” sit/ gested Fnnuidog. “Undoubtedly they might be,” replied Puzzletcu with a piiyiug smile ; ••but they were uot.” “ Stop a bit,” observed Mr. Macpher.-toa hurriedly, like one who has uot got his an swer quite ready, but yet does uot wish ; be anticipated. “The blind beggar, you say, hail a brother, and the brother diet!. Well, of course, it' one was dead, you know, they could not be brothers any lon ger-’’ “The idea is novel,” observed the profes sor gravely,” but you have not hit upon the exact solution. The fact is, gentlemen aud ladies, a blind beggar can be either male or temale. In this instance she was a female. They were brother and sister.” “1 call that a catch,” said Aloes gloomily “Well, at all eve its. it was au easy on , and you all missed it,” returned the profes sor, with quiet triumph. “Nowl wid give you one more example of social arithmetic, which shall be in all respects ( j ,« n ! . 1 is a simple question in subtraction, and nil 1 ask ot you is—since two or three guessc would arrive at the truth by mere eh:.dila tion—to write down a reply on paper. A man went to a cobbler’s and bought a pan of boots for sixteen shillings. lle j m down a sovereign, and the cobbler having no change, sent tor it at a neighboring public house, and gave it to him. d.atcr in the day, the landlord ot the ion seat in to . ay that the sovereign was a bad one, and ,n stated upon the cobbler making it if. i, which he accordingly did. Mow how much did the cobbler lose by the whole lrttusav tiou? There is no sort of play upon word. or anything but a common sum in aritliiiu tic.” “Why, it’s the easiest thing in the world, ejaculated Housewife. “Ot course, the cobbler lost just”— “Ue quiet, sir,” cried Puzzleton very au grily. “Write it down, will you, it you can write. ‘'Scratch a 1 rotessor. and you 'iad a 1 ,i tar,” whispered Aloes. ‘ You hud belter do as he wishes.” !So we all wrote down what we imagined to be the loss which the cobbl_-r had sn-t.im ed, and it was wonderful how opinions Jittered within such narrow limits. The colouel made him lose two pounds. Mr. Aloes made him lose just a pound aud tlte boots. Mr. Ftmnidog made him lose just six and thirty shillings. Mr. Mucpherson made him lose sixteen shillings aud tiie hoots, minus the prom ho made on the boots (which, sail the profes sor. it was not necessary to take into cm. sideratiou.) Mr. isc.de lliil. who was used to jlives tigating the hills ot extortionate .Swiss laud lords, set down the loss with coulideuee at twelve shillings and the hoots. Mr. Smooth fcimylur, wrote: “lam not sure, but it seems to me he culv lo«t eieht shillings besides the boots aud his temper. ’ Housewife wrote: “Why, of course he lost the boots aud twenty-four shillings Mrs. Housewife aud the ladies ha their pens, but declined to commit themselves. “They had never been taught," they said, “the rule of three.” on are all wrong,” said the professot quietly, “as 1 expected you would be. The way to get at the matter is to consider what is gained. The landlord, and the whole story ot his changing tlie sovereign, mav be taken out of the questiou, since he is nei ther better nor worse for the transaction. The buyer of the boots gets in exchange for his bad sovereign, four shillings and a pair of boots, and taut is just wliat the cob bier loses,” "Hone had only a room (o one's sell, and the wholj day before one to do it in,” said Mrs Housewife, "l think 1 could an swer any of these thiugs." "Very good, ma’am,” said the professor. "Alien answer me this when 1 come to see you next. A man bought twelve herrings lor a shilling, some were two-pence apiece, some a half penny, and some a farthing— how many did he buy, of each price '” [Portland Transcript. The James Cotton Mill, at Xewburyport, is not profitable, mainly oecauso the treasurer eauuot produce §28,000 of missing funds. Norwich, Conn., boasts or a book-keeper who can write equally well with both bauds at ouce.