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VOLUME 39. BELFAST, MAINE, THURSDAY, MARCH 11. 1869.
Farm, Garden, and Household, >\ 1»l < IT.I> r.Y rt'TNAM SMMONTOX. tr .‘nils who m:i\ have communications, ob «. su.^s->tions. or anythtnjr ot interest, ■ • M-•! i. :: in. nt, nr*' re.tuest«ai to com mu* ; •: 1> . I’sn ik: in Simont > a. >iM!<no! t. wln> , ! jiub-licat . 1 t im* m iirnu: t\55 S' SI E *l T 'I % l . iiiiw, when this annua! scourge Is : ; i\ i\ [amilo-.- failing to lcel Us power,! - - .1 rpii i.iks ceuccrnlng it may be j - mi' value to '.lie pvt pie. .. we 1,1 ar : s aid —“Whataslipck t , ,u i:;4Vi*. But there is not a pnr ■ i . about it; no more than measlt s ... ,, i col 1. A ixiUl is merely an ac- : thins. omiug to individuals here and | ■ tr :i x r-uiv to the influences which] i ... 1. influenza is a distemper, a con-j : • ,-ra or scarlet fever, spreading . slaying thousands at once, . . • .f by “having its run." This . i,. : . .. . because a common , . . in/, iri about opposite in their j : e Ui I (11 •' ■ ' .p1 t te t re at me nt,— ,n,. ., condition . excitement, rals 1 system above the natural .,:o .. . i .. 'pitting a depressing . .. :i,■ ;4■ . .attor is itself a condition of n suit ..1 some atmos . p - ;ii li e . . what would cure in a ., ui , , -a mistake which, . i: pci - 'in like in.ant.-, and old and in i'. ; -on.-, may, and uiVn. d res. produce that , i i ..up 1 attacks a out equally ullages i..i , on.i . .a- —ia : w-i! and robust as often ■. K i \ a- t .:«• - •; ami m in some : N k: i • ii -niLStic: animals i. ; k • >..m . -Vith iLi- -aine >yinp ;■. i -. v . . : \ ; - ’. : ' . .ii;*t: kind. It is al ,; , , , i .. !i s -y )i[»k'!;:d intense r the wool : system, • . >.i- - >.V' tfi* nausea; , ;• i iii liimd <-v ■- ilid ii »so. '-o as to cause . ,v Am;barges iron hem ; a sensation oi ; -1 y ;—tlies • are its prominent :n>. M i: \ o the.-e, * be sure, belong l .1 Oi -. ' l: . -• ••Tiiiig V. i boat UllV ii exp e-utv, he* siekn L’.i; •ss ami sever ing!;, th • g: e at • i hoy, th" mubilrde* ■ • *-•. s prev.iL mg it i i*.* v.iiim time, —an tell v u it is iiitbmnz. i. iiilbii : / ; u-e ■* v . fy :ar« >n> h. ease, . , .. , >!.:••< my inb 'its and the . . 1.: ;ig-d p.- ; mh :; in i , us :-ome l lilies more s ■ a when ii spends its violence - imp •; i: • n gin ns the brain, lungs, s.;i lim »i in >1 erysipelas, ic. i *, t.i-atn: i .n im - ' easts is very simple, nan without a A a ■: .In \ tin him I thing to have ^ a .V iys a disease ok great ■ :i ; ii, :: ii pow\*rfj lreniedks, such . . ; • . .. mi ; ... e. as too \ ioleut and -j . n s\v« ings, ' >•« active* medicines :! ; ; m ■ <: emetics .ml cathartic-; too ; . -. m a m. • in! or — t '.ns containing \ : .-.j in eg--!; •!/ . --:ng *•, th* vital X ; i where s ••m iime- .•.Tins, it is an ob* * m t ■ ae . th rn. As the cause of the cli ■, . - - rif ■ is.,;j wile-dl ii.is in ! ;*,,• ;• \ - .. to bid d to depast through .... gr e.p.i, - Is rile tin* means oi cure. • hi', vii'i. its mih!- n porc> is the ' i' ' ' -. w . ,'d e \ • ' gets the* • • m ... ; : he t’.rst un i best I . . . •• : i;11 i•1. Lot drinks, - . . : : ,mhIng t .he leet. i.. ’.M dglo i >, wm -u Laths, and ' v sw.• r h .: e: • - -. i n -cv< re t n- <, .-.re Use 5 d-iv u in i\ a i: •: fin any case : '.v tv.ii ■ i * 1.. i!i .* v,v« i 14 process • ■ j; 1 * • . so ptiokly ami well done : '••’•••• i'ot a common p blanket , •. . ii . \vi ■; bad . :w water; have > 111 ; . *■ l:u.• il ■ ; -v, ii.* one parly is >• V i 1 ' .» .i . : • • i 1 • ;> IM ■*;»'. - let, . ■. v. ’. ..4 ■ at I. M! . :is h<»‘ as the ii: ; eivr • i,i. v ii ii.;' ii ,..?j a b-d or . ■ • 'ii. . . ; lids, tin* other i i» ' . wr and 'i: v."! around him, « \ ‘■ i 'i-t.ni: i" b«- put over and a ' i ••• iy d ! 1 >t drinks, 11 s ll-.-r * h: ;i v- min*iii-.-. you may get up . a . i-:: .1 • r »i bath not one . 1 a ■ i ; • . : ■ , ; t • mi-.* uis for; and if . p o v ; : . i-. u: 1 :b :.nn- wid be consumed. ■ .1 «i ,.i .. id , v, iure time Is precious, and a . 1 Uou-unb •-! ;i- r <- s when' this treatment put-id, v> c.i,; s.-y. iVoin louir experience. . . not mough .. i\v: a: . : .• A: 1 d every family will .i gilt alii . :in,l keep !• in l!»< b >l raaiil, they Will d tliiv! no ino.e pi'oil tabic r.rmi.meM •- n.d be ; 1 ice i die re. N ,\ 1 to ’ hv.-c -ill. tc. -A 1. o* ;.he g»‘Ullest ax it-vcs. as i-as tor oil, or rhu . 11 L»; but avoid w liv'iiHM of this kind, if possible.—for it - inc.va-- -i l 1 i a i.i tin* Pr.erTor win*re it 1 -mi will, i.a.vs It fro mi the ex • a ll n ;.•» >.*ii -neial, ’i.us doing a double . -chief. • 11 i.i.: • p linn and cough, which are •i vi w know 11. idling be tier, a- a do n-m - i> . ea>; y prepared, and. costing , tb in Ml- A kind of il >.x seed or sdip : n •• t • . a ii da all ;; i!f t pin* of pop - a; spirits «.d camphor enough to taste it i:. ; vvreien to suit the taste; for take a table spoonful every hour; less - Ml lillg to age. in a di~,- if s , u:v 1 . ati,I s„mettm, s fatal l«l .jlty, all tl, ■ proper I: -ui i»h m nt 1,‘iat can jfs a ', ukeii Is tj.■mantled; ru*-i and broths; ,.i* and oysters, Ii relished, and agree well r.di the case. these general consideration* and mode of .1 Fluent apply only to the great majority ol •- a of the milder type. In all epidemics of Is sort, many eases will arise which defy or* ary treatment ; where the disease localizes rtaln organs, producing croup, lung fever, . ysip. las, For sucii, general prescriptions wail nothing, and may do harm; the services •f an intelligent, judicious i>liysician is the saf e .1. and, iu the end, the cheapest course. *t'E Join (out We are ohen asked “Hive coal ashes any fertilizing v.: a ■ V We answer, yes—hut, not enough to give them a marketable value. II you have them i is a waste of property to throw them into tiie street, and a nuisance to havo them encumber 1 ii cellar amt the back yard, as we generally find. For, besides some ashes from the wood kindlings, they contain a trace o! native potash, and sometimes of other valuable salts, and, to this extent, have some utilizing properties. And for stiff, clayey soils, we have found it excellent as a disinte grator, and it would pay for hauling some (Us ance for this purp >se Put to in I fruit trees, a lew inches high, close to the truuk, it lias - ■ ally aided us in expelling that scourge, the borer. Coal cinders contain much iron; the Pear bo loves iron that it will thank you ior them, as plainly as more thrifty trees, of more and better fruit, can speak. Applied to uuy tiees or shrubs they do much good. IVMF.Y TOfll TIHBEB, Tiie farm that feeds us sh ill not be forgo tten. And as the season for its operations is at hand, it shall now be our care, each week, to give s nne thought to this subject. And first in order of time comes timber cut ting, for fencing, building purposes, &c. Every one has noticed the varying durability of differ ent woods; tin: birch so perishing—the cedar so enduring. This is in the nature of things, and has no remedy. Bat close and extensive observation has shown that there is a marked difference, also, in the durability of the same wood, as to the time of its cutting; numerous experiments showing its most perishable sea son to be that of its most vigorous growth, as from March to early fall; partly, perhaps, be cause the s ip vessels, distended by the sap, render the wood more pervious to water, and so more liable to decay. Before the sap starts aud after it ceases its 11 aw, is considered, there fore, by far the best time to cat timber. All who would avail themselver of this fact this y-. ar, have not a day to lose. Wonderful Escape A Lima correspondent of the New fork Times relates the following remarkable narra tive : Mr-. Davidson, one of the sufferers by the terrible earthquakes of August 13, tiled in Val paraiso on the 10th instant. Her escape was a perfect miracle, and alter Innumerable escapes and sufferings, she has at last given up to the shot k upon her nervous system. She was a wealthy widow lady, living in At lea with her only son, ami after the first heavy shock, her -oil, a line, estimable young man,- rushed home, through the falling ruins, to llud his mother I artfully buried under the beams and Umbers ol her fallen house After frantic efforts to ex tricate her, and being unable to do so alone and unaided, he vainly tried to Had some one to k.Ap him release her j but at such a time help irom others i- almost impossible, every one --■.■eking his iwu and ids Irieu is’ safety. At ia-t In- found some kind gentlemen, and by their aid, and after incredible labor, his rnoth r was released from the fallen ruins, but so rrntacd and injured that she was nearly nucon se.ons and totally unable to stand or rise. Wtiiie seeking again lor some person to aid him m removing her to a place of greater safe ty—as the second shock had compelled tile kind i men helping him to flee to secure the safety of j iheir own families—he was obliged to wander ■ away to a distant part of the town, and as he j was returning with help the cruel sea came in, j ami lie -aw ins mother washed out to sea be- i fore i.is very eyes, clinging to a door upon; which he had laid her. lint as she lay extend ed upon it, it kept her afloat, and after two hours she was washed ashote upon a small is ian 1. Here she lust all consciousness, nut re el rvered it r senses to Hud herself again floated off to see, after about an hour’s refuge on the i-lantl. Her son had miraculously kept her in sight, watching her tossing among the break ers. even amid the convulsions around him, ami j he now succeeded ill getting a boat scut off' to | In r rout the Peruvian corvette, America. By ! the . the boat had picked her up. anothei ti mi wave had Ailed tile boat half full of water ■ oid ti;- re was great danger of being swamped. Mrs. D.ivi isou had been in the water nearly nine hours, and tlie men, finding the sea run ning so high, -aid they could not return to tile ship, and a- their only salvation, put. the boat out to sea and waited and watched for the day light. At ii o'clock the next morning they land-! eu at Alien, i i miu me curveue ashore anu the whole p; .ce in ruins. They brought Mrs. I)u- i vulsou ashore, however, and for three (lays ] longer she lay exposed to tile scorching rays ol i tiie sun .uni the cold night dews, without any shelter or covering except a small blanket that j i■ r sou secured for her. Her property was all ! de. troyed, and yet this brave woman kept up, j and was cheerful and eouildeut. Her sou made an unavailing effort to get her to Valparaiso, Ay the lirsl mail steamer, but in the crush and llight of the lleeiiig people it was.un inipossi bilPy. \i last, on the i.’7fh of September, she readied Valparaiso, by the steamer Esmeralda, uni every care and attention was bestowed upon the unfortunate lady. But she sank un . the shock and attendant suffering, and died on the 10:1;, as above stated. If any sou de | serves eulogy, young Davidson does. So at tach, d was in- to his mother that many predict tnat he will not long survive her. It seems li ir.iiy credible that a frail woman could en du! ■ such suffering. Newspaper Patronage. Some of the i definitions of whnt is termed “newspaper j patronage,” are thus given by a contributor : Newspaper patronage is composed of j many diiierent varieties. One man comes in, sub cribes for the paper, aud pays for i it in advance. He goes home and reads it | with the proud satisfaction that it is his. lie hands iu his advertisement, asks the price, pays for it, goes to his place of busi ness aud reaps the advantage. This is newspaper patronage. Another man says : “You may put my 1 name on your books,” and goes off without saying a word about pay. Time passes on, j you want your pay, which is honestly due ; j lie gets mad and orders his paper stopped. I'his is newspaper patronage ! I Another man has been a subscriber for a j long time, but he lias never paid a cent.. | At last he becomes tired of you—wauts a j change, aud thinks he must have a paper printed in some distant city. He tells the ; postmaster he don’t want your paper, aud | it is returned to you marked “refused”. Does he call aud pay? No ; he wauts the 1 money to pay for his city paper. And this, | too, is called newspaper patronage ! Another man brings iu a dollar advertise incut iiua wants a two dollar notice given | it. It you refuse, lie goes oil'aud mutters ! something about competition aud extrava | gaut rates. I think that you editors like ; lhat kind of patronage. Auother man lives near you hut does not take the paper. lie don’t like the editor or the paper is too small, or the politics don’t suit him. Yet ho goes to his neighbor’s, reads it, liuds fault with it and quarrels with the opinions of the editor. Sometimes lie sees an article lie likes, aud begs for the uumlier to take home. This is also called newspaper patronage! Auother man takes two or three city pa pers, aud can’t afford to take his county paper, hut he likes it aud comes into the of fice and begs one every week. This is first class patronage. Auother man likes the paper ; lie takes it, aud does all lie can to get subscribers ; lie never finds fault with the articles, origi nal or selected. If any little item of inter : est occurs in his neighborhood, lie drops in and tells of it. This is newspaper patronage. Auother man comes and says: “The | yeai for which 1 paid is about to expire, ! and 1 want to pay for another.” No dis count on that kind of patronage. Miss Nilsson, the Swedish PrimaDoaua, au ; other Jenny Lilud, Is coming to this couutry ! next season, to sing under contract for the snug j little sum of §1000 per night, iu gold. j Spanish cruisers are overhauling American vessels in the Gulf, looking for revolutionists. [From tlic Montpelier Argus and Fatriot.] John Kilburn’s Fight with the Indians. Oue day iu the summer of 1775—that eventful summer during which the Indiau depredations along the banks of the Con necticut, both iu New Hampshire aud Ver mont, were so frequent, aud so many either fell victims to the tomahawk and scalping knife, or were torn Irom their friends aud homes, and borne away into a more dreaded captivity, that a lone Indian, lean and hun gry iu appearance, rapped at the door of John Kilburn, who was oue of the first settlers of Walpole, New Hampshire. The door was opened by Mrs. Kilburn, but on seeing the native she uttered a faint excla mation ot alarm aud surprise, aud was on the point of closing it immediately when the friendly tones of the man dispelled her fears. “Humph,” he exclaimed, “squaw should n’t be scare. Iugin do no harm.” “What do you want?’ asked Mrs. Kil burn. “Iugin be very taint, aud he want bread.” The kind woman invited the strange vis itor to walk iu, aud set before him some food. He spoke hut little English, yet he was very dire't iu his questions and re plies. He sain his name was Philip,—that he lived to the Westward—that he was friendly to the whites, and that tljey were very kind to him. During las short stay iie so enlisted the sympathies of the houshold that he was loaded with provisions, and was invited by Mr. Kilburn to come again. After asking many questions about the troubles with the Indians, and their means of defence, and expressing his thanks tor the favors he had received, he took his departure. After he had gone, Mr. Kilburn reflected more critically upon his appearauce, and upon the questions he had asked, and some slight misgivings arose in his mind in re lation to the sincerity of his visitor ; and, although he did not regret the hospitality lie had shown him, he lelt very glad that he had not understated their ability to cope with t lie enemy. ilis apprehensions were very much strengthened when, on the following day, he received intelligence from more south ern settlements, and learned that the same Philip had visited several places along the river, asking the same questions, and tell ing a similar story. Mr. Kilburu's household consisted at this time of himself and wife, his son John, his daughter Hattie, and two men, Mr. Peak! and his son who resided with them, llisi dwelling was a strong block house, provid-1 ed with loop holes, and they were well armed. Ill a few days after this event informa tion was received from Gov. Shirley that a large number ot Indians were eolleetiug in Canada, with the supposed intention of making an attack upon the frontier settle ments, and Mr. Kilburn eoulu but conjec ture that Philip was a spy, sent out to as certain their situation ami their means oi defence. “1 fear, Ruth,” he said to his wife a few j days idler their visit from the ludiau. “that we may see trouble. I think that Philip, who made us such a gracious call was a bird of ill-omeu.” “I am surprised to hear you say so,” an swered the woman ; “you are nut subject to dubious misgivings.” It mu t best to be alarmed, only be pre pared. John and me, with Mr. Peak aud his son, assisted by two brave women like you aud Hatty, in a house like ours, can repel something of an attack.” “Supposing you gft down to Bellow’s Fort aud procure a lew extra guns,” said the heroic woman. “In case ot an attack, Hatty aud I could do something, perhaps.” “1 will do so, Ruth. We will shovv them that we can defend our own fireside.” The fort alluded to by Mis. Kilburn was the strong house of Col. Benjamin Bellows, about a half mile south of Kilhurn’s, which was well constructed to withstand an at tack, aud was at that time garrisoned by thirty men. The male members of Mr. Kilburn’.-; household had been iu the field attending to the labors of the season, aud were re turning to the house for their dinner, when Mr. Peak chanced to glance iu the direc tion of an alder meadow, that being the name by which they designated a small swale ot land near the house, aud was sur prised to perceive the bushes iu a state ot agitation as though men or animals were rushing through them. He called the at tention of his companions to the circum stance, aud, on looking low', they sa v the feet aud legs of Indians iu great numbers, as they were huddled together among the alders. “There are the wild savages!” shouted Mr. Kilburn iu alarm, “and they are thick as grasshoppers! To the house with all speed !” The house was soon gained, and the doors securely lasteued ; then, through tiie open ing leit for the purpose of observation iu the walls of the house, the inmates peeped out to ascertain the movements of the loe. There was a foot path on the East of the house which the savages found it necessary to cross, aud, in doing so, each man pre sented himself iu full view, and the little party in the house counted oue hundred I aud ninety-seven, as they crossed the path. Weil might this feeble garrison have felt ! disheartened, but their courage failed not ; ; aud perhaps it would have endured had ! they known the fearful truth that they had ■ seen only about half their enemy. The nerves of John Kilburn seempd to strength ! en for the emergency, aud he gave direc tions with us much cooiuess as lie would have superiuleuded the labor of his field. The guus aud ammunition were all arrang ed for use, aud each man took his position. Is was assigned to the women that they loaded the pieces, and passed them up to their defenders. After a short consultation the Indians seemed to have decided upon a course of action, which was first to demand a surren der ; and Philip, the same man who a few days before had shared the hospitality ol the house, standing partly uuder covert of a large tree, called out: “Old John ! Youug John ! I know ye, come out here, we give you good quarter.” “Quarter!” shouted old John, with a voice like thunder. “Don’t talk about quarter to me ; but begone, you black ras cals, or we’ll quarter you 1” This probably sounded in the ears of the Indians like a vain boast, and their war whoop rang out with a voice which an ear witness describes as sounding us though “ail the devils in hell were loose.” Kilburu was resolved to wait no longer. War had been declared, aud he claimed the litst lire. He singled out the treacherous j Philip, and made sure his aim. The vil lain lell. Three other shots told fatally from the block house, lint the lire was re turned, aud a volley of lead was poured into the walls aud roof of the house which made it tremble. The roof was not bullet proof, and, as Kilburu afterwards expressed it, it soon became a perfect riddle seive. lint the bullets entered above the heads ol the defenders, aud having spent their force , in coming through the boarding they drop- I ped upon the floor in the upper loft of the house. For hours the fight continued, with no decisive results on either side. The four men in the house were excellent marks- j men. They watched their opportunities, :: aud whenever the her ’ )f a savage appear ed in sight they took a deadly aim. It is ! a well known trait in the Indian character not to continue au attack for a lon<r time. . O I hey seldom face determined opposition;' but in this instance they were so well aware ol the superiority of their force, tiiat they manifested considerable determination, and i made several advances towards toe house, as ii to force an entrance ; yet they lacked the cool courage to do so, aud when shots j from tiie little garrison told fearfully upon them they again retreated to their ambush. lint a new difficulty presented itself. The I lead was becoming exhausted in tiie house, aud it was apparent tiie defence must con sequently cease unless some plan could he ! devised to provide tortile emergency. Lead was being thrown through tiie root iu quan tities, but it dropped down amidst tiie rub bish m tlie attic, aud was lost, so tar as be ing available to the garrison. The ingenuity of Mrs. Kilburn suggested a plau to save this lead, aud to use it upon : their enemies. At considerable personal risk, she spread some blankets iu such a manner as to catch tiie Indicts when they 1 tell, and conduct them to a place from whence they could lie got at. With these a ladle was soon Idled, aud tiie women com menced casting bullets, which, before they were cool, were returned with more effect upou their enemies than they had produced upon tho inmates of the house. Occasion ally a bullet came in through one of the loop holes ; but lor a long time uo da mage was done iu this way, aud tiie defenders of the house gathered courage bv their suc cess. “I tell you, Kilburn," said Leak, exult-1 ingly,“wo are not wasting much lead. Our shots tell, aud I believe we shall drive the troublesome varmiu away." “I have uo fears while daylight lasts,” answered Kilburn, “but 1 expect they will fall back after dark, an 1 trv to lire the house.” “They will fiud us awake,” said Leak, and as lie sp ike a ball entering, as ihe oth ers had done, at a loop hole, iti-ucK ihe brave man iu tiie hip and lie led to tiie floor. Kilburn and bis sou rushed to his side, but lie was instantly on bis feet again. “Are you badly hurt ?" asked his anxious . friends. -Not much he auswereu, out. tlie blootl gushing l'roin the wounderiuisoued !lie floor. lie would not, however, consent that there should he any delay on his account, ' and though faint, and lull of pain, he re- ! maiued at his post and helped defend the house. The tiring at length ceased, and the en emy no longer peeped out from behind the stumps and logs to invite the bullets of the little garrison. They had evidently retir ed from the ground. Peak, completely ex hausted. was helped to his bed, and the little party who had been vigorous in their own defence paused to reflect upon their! situation. Their only tear was that the at tack would he renewed after night-fall. ; They therefore deemed it expedient to con-! tiuue in a state ot readiness. The scatter-; ing lead was gathered up, aud a large quan tity of balls were cast with every other pus-1 sible arrangement which was considered necessary for their safety. Might came on at last—aud it was a dole ful night for that household. Yet emotions of the deepest gratitude swelled every breast for the success which had thus far crowned their efforts. A few hours before they fought with a kind of desperation, scarcely allowing themselves to anticipate! a favorable issue ; but now hope had sprung , up in their minds, aud although they watch ed anxiously through the dark hours ot this long to he remembered night the pros pect of escaping the fury of the savages made them strong. The wound which Mr. Peak had receiv i ed threatened to prove more serious than . it was at first supposed to be. He suffered great pain, yet lie received die kindest at tention from his sympathizing friends. Cure j was, however, without avail, aud he died from the effects of his injury iu a few days. ■ i The Indians came not again to renew the I attack, but they retreated to Canada, leav- i iug behind them many wlio had fallen iu j this encounter. According to their custom, they carefully concealed the bodies of the slain ; hut their graves have since, iu very i many instances, beeu discovered. While ! the Cheshire llailroad was being graded j through that sectiou several tudiau graves | were discovered, aud several had previous- J ly beeu found on the site of the Island i House. These are supposed to have beeu the graves ot some of those who fell in the fight. While this unequal contest, was going on at the house of John Kilburu, Colouel Bou jamine Bellows, with thirty men, well arm ed and prepared for war, was at his fort, only a halt mile south of the place. Why he did uot go to the assistance of the be sieged party it is difficult to tell; and the fact that he did not has reflected some re proach upon his name, which is neverthe less remembered for much important service in the trouble of early times. The heroism of these four men, and these t wo truly Spartan womeu, should im mortalize their names, and while the sto ries of the early conflicts and troubles of the country are told, this act of manly de fence should be remembered as oue that dis couraged and baffled a large baud of sava ges, who, otherwise, might have shared the death and destruction through the most southern settlements. Let the valor of John Kilburu be kept in remembranco by that rugged mountain which bears his name, and which overlooked that scene of conflict, and while it presents its rough features to the eye of the travel er, may it serve as a historic link between the present and the past, and hear the mind ol the beholder backward to the time when our ancestors struggled fiercely with the rougher elements of barbarism as exhibit ed in savage warfare. FAREWELL ADDRESS -OF— ANDREW JOHNSON. Washington, March 3. The President has prepared the following fare well address:— To tlie People of the Unite I State* : The robe ot office by constitutional limitation this day falls from my shoulders to be immediately assumed by my successor. For him the forbear ance and cooperation of the American people in all his efforts to administer the government within the pale ot the Federal Constilutiui aic sincerely in voked without audition to gratify, party euds to subserve, or personal quarrels to avenge at tbe sac rifice of the peace pnd welfare o', the country. My earnest desire is to see tbe Constitution of the re public again recognized auu obeyed as tbe supreme law of tbe land, and tbe whole people. North, South. East and West, prosperous and happy under its wise provisions. In surrendering the high of fice to wbicn I was called four years ago, at a me morable and terrible crisis, it is my privilege, I trust, to say to tbe propt" of the United States a few parting words in vindication of an official course so ceaselessly assailed and aspersed by po litical leaders to whose plans and wishes my policy 'o restore the Union has been obnoxious, in a pe riod of difficulty end turmoil almost wid-out | re cedent in the history ot any people consequent up on the closing scenes of a great rebellion and the assassination of the then President, it was, per haps, too mu :h on my part to expect of the devoted partisans wlsj rode on the waves rf excitement, which at that time swept all before them, that de gree of loleratiou and magnanimity which I sought to recommend and enforce, an t which I believe in good faith would advanced us infinitely further oil the road to permanent peace and prosperity than we hav« thus far attained. Doubtless, had I at the | commencement of my term of office unhesitatingly lent its powers or perverted them to purposes and | plans outside of tbe Constitution, and become an instrument to schemes of confiscation and of gen eral and oppressive disqualifications, X would have 1 been bailed as all that was true, loyal and discern mg, as the reliable head of the party, whatever i might have been as tbe Executive ot a nation. Un- j willing, however, to accede to the propositions ot extremists and bound to obey at every personal hazard my oath to deiend the Constitution, l no. d not, perhaps, b? surprised at having met the fate of others. wiirKp only r^wurd for upholding Cu’ii stitutional rights and the laws, lias been the cons-1 ciousness of having attempted todo their d ity, and tbe calm judgement of history. At tbe time a mys terious Providence assigned to me the office of President, I was by the terms of the Constitution 1 the Comiuander-iu-cliief of nearly a million of men ! under arms. One of mv first acts was to disband and restore to the avocations ol civil life this ini ! menee host, and to divest myself, so far as I could, i of t.ie unparalleled powers men incident to the of-; lice and me times. Wbctuer or not in this step I was right, and bow far deserving of tbe appr ba t;on of the people, all can now on reflection judge, when reminded of the ruinous eindition of public sttuirs time must nave resimea irom me cotitiuu anee in the military service of such a vast numb' r of men. The close of our domestic conflict touud the armv eager to distinguish itself in a new field by an attempt to pun iso .European intervention in Mexico. By many it was believed and urged that, aside trom the assumed justice of the proceedings, a foreign war, in which both sides would cheerful ly unite to vindicate the honor of the national flag, and further illustrate the national powers, would be tlie surest and speediest way of awakening na tional enthusiasm, reviving devotion to rii i Union, and occupying a lorce concerning which grave doubts existed, as to the willingness after four years of active campaigning at once to return to the pursuits ot peace. Whether these speoniutiou-j w,.ro ri'ii" nr false, it will hr* conceded that they ex isted and that the predilection i of the army for the time being were in the direction indicat-d. Taking advantage of that feding, it vould have been easy as til" Couimauder-ui-Chiet of the Army and Navy,and with all the honor and patronage of the Presiden tial oflice at my disposal, to turn the concentrated strength of the liatiou against French interference in M* xieo, and to inaugurate a movement which would have been received with favor by the mili tary and a large portion ot tile people. Jr, is proper iu this connection that I should r-ter to the almost unlimited powers, tendered to the Executive bv the measures relating to c.vd rights and :b-j Freed rnen’s Bureau, contrary to most precedents in the experience ot public men. The powers then plac ed within my grasp were declared as being in vio lation of the C msiituiion. dangerous to the liber ties of the people-, and tending to aggravate rather than lessen tie d.scords naturally resulting Irom our civil war. With a large army and augmented authority it would have been no difficult task to direct at pleasure the destinies of the Republic, and to make secure my continuance iu the highest of fice known to our laws. Let the people whom I aui addressing from the Presidential chair during the closing hours of a laoorious term, consider ho.v different would have been their preseul condition bad t yielded to the dazzling temptation of foreign conquest, of personal aggrandizeu cut and the de sire to wield additional power. Let them with jus tice consider thar, if I have not unduly magnified my office, the puolie burdens have not been in creased by my acts, and other and perhaps thou sands or tens of thousands of lives sacrificed by the visions of false glory. It cannot, therefore be charged that my ambition has been of that ordinary or criminal niud, which to the detriment of the people’s lights and lib: rties, ever seeks to grasp more and unwarranted powers, and to accomplish its purposes, panders too oueu to popular prejudices and party aims. What, theu, have been the aspir ations which have guided me m my official acts? Those acts need not at this time an elaborate ex planation. they have elsewiien been compre hensively stated and fully discussed, and become a part ot the nation’s history. By them I am ready 10 be judged, knowing that however impel left, they at least show to the impartial mind that my SOLE AMBITION; HAS BEEN TO RESTORE THE UN ION OF THE States, FAITHFULLY TO EXECUTE THE OFFICE OF PRESIDENT, AND TO T1IE BEST OF ■ MY ABILITY TO PRESERVE, PROTECT AND DEFEND j the Constitution. X cannot be censured it my ellortsbavc b<eu im peded in the interest of party fuciion, and if a pol icy wnieb was intended to reassure and eoneiliale the people of both sections of the country, was made the occasion of influencing aud dividing stiii further those who were only recently in arms against each other, vet as individuals and citizens were sincerely desirous, as X shall ever believe, ol bury ing all hostile feelings in the grave of the pass. The bitter war was waged on the part ot the Gov ernment to vindicate the Constitution and save the Union, and if X have erred iu trying to being about a more speedy and lasting peace, to extinguish the heart-buruiugs and eumities.aud'o prevent troubles in tiie S oudi which retarded the material prosperity m that region, and injuriously affected the whole country, 1 am quite content to rest my case with the more d liberate jndgem-nt of the people, and, as I have already intimated, with the distant fu ture. Tile war, all must remember, was a stu pendous and deplorable mistake. Neither side un derstood the other, and had this simple fact and its conclusions been kept in view, all that was needed was accomplished dv the acknowledgement of the terrible wrong and the expressed better feeling and earnest end'avor at atone men", sliown aud fit iu tbe prompt ratification of t he Constitutional amend ments by the Southern States at the close of the war. Not accepting the war as a confessed false step on the part of those who inaugurated it, was an error which even at this late time we should en deavor to palliate. Experiencing, moreover, as all have done, the frightful cost of the arbitrament ol the sword, ,et us m the future cling closer than ever to the Constitution as our onlv safeguard. It is to be hoped that not until the burdens now press ing uoon us with such tearful weight are removeu, will our people forget the lessons of the war, and that remembering them from whatever cause, peace between sections an 1 States may be perpetu al. The history of late events in this country, as well as of the greatest government of ancient or modern times, teaenes that we have everything to icar from a departure from the letter and spirilla the Constitution, and the undue aseudaucy of men allowed to assume power in what are considered desperate emergencies. Sylia, on becoming master of Home, at once adopted measures to crusli his enemies and to consolidate the power of his party. He established military colonies throughout Italy, deprived of the full ltomau franchise tne inhabi tants of the Italian towns who nad opposed his usurpation, confisealed tlieir lands and gave them to his soldiers, and conferred citizenship upon a great number of slaves belonging to those who had persecuted him, tuus creating at Home a kind of body guard for his protection. After haviug giveu Home over to slaughter, and tyrannized be yond all example over those opposed to him aud the legions, his terrible instrument ot wrong, Sy l ia couid vet feel safe iu laying down the ensigus of pow-r so dreadfully abused, and in mingling free ly with the families aud fneuds ot his myriad vic tims. The fear which he bad inspired eoutinueJ after his voluntary abdication, and even in retu-e rnent his will was law to the people who bad per mitted themselves to be enslaved. What but a subtle knowledge and conviction that the Roman peopi • had become changed, discouraged, and u - terly broken in spirit, couid nave induced ihi* dar ing assumption, Wuat but public uulitfcrencci, consequent s so terrible ns to leav- Home open u every calamity whirl: subsequently helot her could have justified the conclusions of the Dictum aud tyrant in his afar; ing experiment. We tin that in the time which lias since elapsed, human nature aud exigencies in government have noi grea'ly changed. Who a few years ago in contemplating our lulu, < could have supposed tha in a brief per; at of hittci experience evcrttnug demanded in tue name o military emergency or dictated by caprice, would come to be considered as mere matters of course! That conscription, confiscation, loss of persoual liberty, the subjection of the Slates to military rule and disfranchisement, with the extension of the right of suffrage merely to accomplish party ends. Would receive he passive submission, if not aequies cence, of the people of the liepubiic. >t has ueen clearly demonstrated by recent occurrences thateu croachments upon the Constitution cannot by pro vented by the President, liowevet devoted or de leinnm u tie may oe; mat umess me people inter pose. there is noiv no power under the C institution to cheek a dominant majoritv of two-thirds of the Congress of the United States. An appeal to th • nation is attended with too much delay to meet at. emergency,while if left free to act the people would correct in time such toils as might follow legnia- j five usurpation. There is danger that the same power which disregards the Con.-titution will de prive them of the l ight ‘o change their i tilers, ex cept by revolution. We haw already n ,hi jurisdiction of the Judiciary circumscribed when u was apDroheudf d that tli: cour.s would decide again.-t the laws having for tu -ir -ole object tui supremacy of party, while the - cu> powtr, lodged in the Executive by the Constitution for the interest and protection of the people, ;.id ex.uvi.sed ijv \V ashmgton aud Ins su.-c >sors, r as b .-an rt-udarc'd nugatory by a party majority of two-thirds ,n cadi branch of ihe Nation il jL -gishitur Th - C-.usLuu lion evidently eoutemplaled that vheu a bill is re turucil with the President's objections, it wiil he calmly consider-d by Congress. Such, how ver. has not been the present party rale. It has bo come evident that men who pass a bill un icr par-! tisau iuiluences, arc not likely th tough patriotic ! motives lo admit their error and iLereby weaken j their own organizations by solemnly conn ssme n under the official oath. Pride of opiu ion ifnatuingl else, has intervened aud priveuied a calm, das’ passionate reconsideration of a biil disapproved by tnp Exeeutive. Much as I vuucrituthe Constitu tion, it must De admitted that this condition m af fairs lias developed a detect, nhicu uuuer tin aggressive tendency of the Legislative Dcpar.uieu: oi tne Government mav readily work us oWi throw. It may, however, in remedit d without disturbing the harmony oi tne instrument T n veto power is generally exorcised upon Constitu tional grounds, and whenever i: is so applied cu.1 the bill return' d with the executive's l easou i n withholding his signature, it ong it to Deiiuui d.ate ly certified to the Supreme Court of the Unit d States for its deei-iou. if its Constitutionally shall be declared by that tribunal, it should th u be one a law. lint if the decision is otherwise, i should fail, without the power in (_: ingress ru-cuaet aud make it valid, in cases in which die veto rests noon hasty and inconsiderate 1. gismriou and in which no eousiituifj'iil question h involve.I, 1 woiilil not change tin fimdaimnoai law. to. i.i saen cases no permanent evil can bj iucjrporatt i into tne federal system. It is obvious t a.i: -v i; iuti. -pen j an amendment the Goverum mt a, is ex. . | un-! der the Constittuiou, prio'- :o the reo V;.,H, :n r,- 0 . [ wlio'ly subverted ana overdirow u bv a i .vo-inirds i majority in Cong;ess. It is not therefore diffi. u.i to see how easin' and Low rapidly ,n: people may lose—shall f not -a* , have Jos!— :u u-.- >e, ies. m ail unchecked and uncontrollable nmj riry i;i tile lavv-maiiiug powei; and whenever-. I .•privedo-. their nglus, how powerless .hcv are to*regain them Luc u.5 turn tor a moment to the history ot tne mu jo nty in Congress which has ae.ed in surli uu-ev d.sregard oi the Constitution, while tn public at tention has been carefully ana constantly turned to the past and expiated sins of the S >u*i.i, and me servants oi the people in nigh places, -v.u have b> trayed their trust, oroiicn tii or oat.is of obc.licure lo ihe Constitution ani undermine i die very meid atious of liberty, justice and g,,d gov, rumen:. When the rebellion was being my .v-.--e,i :»>• tne volunteered services of nafrio.ie Ldwr- aund tii a dangers of the battle-IDlI, t'l e in a crop. wo imu. question into piace and poW :r in cue ue. i ju.e coun ClisJ. -k itor uii Jaug t iuei [■UjiM, AOl.Ol ho uiMl.d force remained, when a p .uuem people b j\v d m -ii heads to the ling and dliuVid cbmr allegiance 10 the governmcut » f the Lni. J. .d.ai n e.i i. was that pretended pain >ts appeared b id re iiie ua.iou aud began to prate about ihr Lnotisauus of liVc-.md millious of treasure saerided in me jlio. ■re.s.moa of tne rebellion. Tney nave smeo yc.>. Te.wn sought to inflame the pivjudies eng nder d o gwee.i the section / to retard the restorauon oi ;j and harmony, and by every uwnui to keep > m. ex posed to the poisonous breath of pany >u, me t*-rribl.‘ wouuus ot a Jour ' curs' wor. ,n v Live prevented the re mm of p Gee «i*d me re*. nation of the Union, and in every way -iiu . ui r.c tii-e purposes, pi* »ni!3es ;;ii i p.odg • by v .1 tne army was marshalled, treas *a a-i.l i-.. . ii ion crushed, aud made th. liberties ot the people and tin; rights and po wers . - ' m 1’. -id 0i*j , of constan. attack, They nave wi ted from Tresklmt his constitutional power a -apreuie command oi the army and navy, They iieveu. troyedtne strength aud aiieien’y oi me cxeenuVc Department bv making saeordinace efli -ers inde pendent of and able t0 detd flieir caief. Tory wave attempted to place the President under tne p r.vcr of a bold, defiant and treacuerou, cab.u o eiii • r. Tney have rooo d tile. Excauv-o or to ; prerogative ot p'udou, reud-red nu i and vo.d the ae.s of cb-mrney a ranted lo thousands of persons under tlie provi-ions ot the Constitution, and committed gross usurpation by legislative att-mpes to exercise mis power in lav or of par./ adameo-s. To ey nave conspired to change the system of cur Governin' n-: l>y preferring charges agams. the i'resid l. in to torm ot article oi inipeaeouieut, and eonmundaw mg, before a hearing or iria!, iha- he shouLi ne placed iu arrest, Held in durance, aud wj .n il ce c.iuie uieir pleasure to pronounce his sent ac ■, driven from place and power m disgrae Taev have in Lime oi peace iuc, eas'Wi tne mill *nal d *bt o y a i ecu less expeudnure of The pc. oie tnaUics, and thusadaed to uic burde .s winch already \v< igh upon me people, J uey have permitted t:ie nation no suiler Lin- evils or ad.uauee.i currency m the cull a he Ulcui ill price ol .ill tu,_ ne w.-s.tries ot lilt1# Tnev have m rimuiiied a large standing army lor lU** enforcement of their measures of oppreGim. Tney have engaged in class legislation, ana omit u > and en ouraued monopolies that tne lew me*ill be eiiricnod at tne expense ot the many. Tney have failea to act upon luiportaui trea ils, thereov . e. Uaugermg our peaeclul relations vvi.ii io.vgm puwcis. Their course of u u -palion ha., not be-n limited to iuiouds upou tlio Executive dcp.u-mi -m. ISy uucousiitutionai auu opprc isivc cuucimoii.s lue people oi ten litotes ol tile Euiou have b.a u rj dined to aeuuditiou more mu le-rublj than iliat 'ram wuicti tue patriots ot the lievo i.uii rebeue.l. Ali.lions of American citizens cun now sav of their oppressors, witu in ire tram than our futh-rs uid ot me British lyr-mts: ‘'They Pave forbidden the Government to puss laws of immediate auu pres dug importune, unless suspended uuui their assents shall be obtained; that m v hive r.-fus i to pass other lines to. tu- u .ommjii.itioa of large lu ll lets of people, unless those people would relin quish tu rigut oi representation iu tue i.egisla ture, a right m- surname to thorn and tormnlubie to tyrants only; tu it they have m ido ju 1 ics depend ent upou their Will alone lor tu- tenure uf their offices ai d tilt am iuui and payment ul tdeir salar ies; that they have created a multitude ot new cili ces aud sent hither swarms ot officers iu harass our people and eat out ilr.-ir suosviuec; thu vh .-y have effected to rendu tuc military independent and superior tu Ihe civil power, eomoui-d with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our Uoustituitou and unacanowledged by our laws; quartered large bodies of armed troops among us, protected mem by a 1110cit trial from puntshmeut ior any murders which they should commit on tue inhabitants of these State-; imposed fixes upon us wuhoutourconseut; deprived us m many ones of tue beneli. of trial by jury’; faiteu ayvav our eher ters; incited domestic insurreeaon amongst us; abolished our most valuable laws iltered, luuffa mentally, the forms of our Government; suspend edouroyvn L-gislatures aud declared tueniwives Invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.” This catalogue uf crimes, lo.ig as it is. is uot yet complete. Tut Constiin'ioii rests do o.i the judiei.il power of the United States in one Supreme Oour., whose jurisdiction shall extend to ail eases arising under tue Constitution and luvs of t je United States. Encouraged by this promise of a refuge from tyranny, a citizen of tue United States, wno by order of a Military Commander, given under tae sanction of a cruel and Ueioerate edict of cougrtss, lias been denied tile Constitution al right of liberty, uf conscience, ot heedom, ot the presi, and of .such personal freedom from mil itary arrest, of beiug held to answer for ertrn > on ly upou the presentation of an iudietmint, of tri al by jury, ot the yvnt ot habeas corpus, and the protection ol ueivil and Cja-tUuiiouaj government; a citizen thus deeply wronged appeals to me S i preuie Court for tue protection guaranteed nun bv ihe organic law ot Urn laud. A. u.iee a licrce au.l ruthless majority, bv the relentless hand of legisla tive power, stripped tue ermine from the jajgcs, transferred tho sivord of jus tea to the Geuerul, and remanded Eeopp.PSsedci.iz -n to a Jogredattoa and bondage warm tuau death. I will al-o be re corded as one of the marvels of tue times, that a patry claiming tor itself a mmop.ly of cuusisieu ey aud patriotism, aud boastmg o. its unlimited sway, endeavored by a costly aud deliberate trial to impeach one who defended tbe C msiitutiou aud tbe Union, uot only turoughout the war of the re bellion, bat during the wuole term of office as Chief Magistrate, but at tbe same time could find ,v> warrant or means a' iheir crmmand to hr ng to ria! even the chief oi 'he rebellion. lud ted, the remarkable failures ill this ease were si often re .••atcii that, for propriety's sake, if lor us other reason, ir became ai last reeessarv 10 extend to .im an uneondi'ional pardon. Wear more [haiutv huu this illustrates the • x remily of party lnanugi - neLit and the unions.steu.y on one hand, and of fiction, vindictiveness, and mtol-ranen on ttic ittier. Patriotism will li.i d v be cue luraga I wh'-n .11 such a record it secs that its ms-ant reward iu.iv ie the most virdieiit party a JUS - a.id obiuiiav, if nor attempted disgrace. in-tend of seeking 'o I make treuson ud.ous, i; would, m t.uih, >ecui to I have been their purpose i a.uer to m i1* e tm* ue eiiee ] ;f the Cjusdiu 1 m a.id U.r.o. aer.m , a id punish uiuiuy an oa.n oi o.ii-■ . n ru • l“.* m, I a:un, by all the m uih a: .!) ir co mu mil. Gap* i yny ior ..it peace oi t ie <■ >;ui.ry, th war h f de I eraiined again-r tin* a-*j i:n .* 1 power of rn j SM.es o withdraw at pieamr* tYo.n ti>** l'.n .1. I’.'i3 111 I * million ot slavery tound its dcs.r n il -u in a ivOpI 1 i n commenced in its in.crest, li -ho.'.d *c u n*n» ! ui mind, l cwewr. tuai Hi :• war 11 -iri.or impair *J ior destroyed the Cj.isiiiutiiiu, 1» on !. ;..ra V preset ved its existence and in ah a.qiar, nt its re a power and t mluring stivngth. Ail 1 ngbts gran ed to the States or reserved to ihe people arc therefore intact. Among those rig its is tout of the people of each Slate to declare the qualifications of cheir own State Electors. It is now assumed that Congress can control this vital righ*, which can never he taken away from the States wiroout im pairing the principle of the Government itself. It is necessary to the existence of the States as well as to the protection of the liberties of rae people; ior the right to select the Elector i:i w.10:11 the po litical power of the State shall be lodged involves ihe right of the Scale to govern used. W hen de prived of tliis prerogative. Suites will have no po ' er wottli retaining. All will beg me, and they will be subjected to the arbitrary win or C-mgres*. The Government will then he eeutraiiz d; if not by tu*3 passage of laws, men by the adoption, through partizau influence, ot an umendm ut diiectly in conflict with the original design ot tin* roastitution. This proves ho.v nece-san it is ilia’ til** people should require the adurnistraUou of the thre* great Departments of tne Gov nuueiit to he strict • v within the limits of tbw t i nstitution. Their oouudarits have been accurately defined, and nei ther should be allowed to i.r • yia- • on tile other, nor above a!i to encroach upon the r Served rights ot the people and the Suites. I he tro.’.b **s f tin* past four years will prove to the nation 1 s-i.-gs, it they produce so desirable a resuir. Upon mo.se who Lx.cam • young men amid the sound of cannon and me d!u »f arm.-, and who quiKlv relumed t.» ii ■ farms, the ia Tories and ihe schools of I'm i .ud, will dcvo: *e tlie solemn duty ol' perpetuating toe Union of the States, in which hundreds ot u u sands ot our their comrades exp’r d, and hundreds of mi'lions of national obligations w< r incur. * A manly people will not neglect the training ne ess ary ro resist aggression, bat they >h. i.d ■ i ai ms lest the civil uc made suber.iiii.it • ti> in ill: a ry element, We need to u * ‘age iuiate way a s'udy of the Cmshtubon ior win.-h th‘* war was waged, a kn ".Viodgc and r vereiic** for whose wise cue. les by those so soon t • • u v the places filled by their senior-. ii h ■ the • my hope of preserving ‘he lle.pii • i *. file y ;u•;•*: n: *u of the uarion, not yet und r t ■ conir ; of pxryv uiu.-t resist the tendency 10 centralization, an up growth cf tie great r fum srith he fact that the c mu try coiiehis «f ih United o.aies, ami mat wnere in v. ics anauu i.mi ; tain great rights lor Ur' sake ol a mor 1 perfect un ion, they iv.:.la : rights as va’uable and important as those tm-y relinquished for the commonweal. This sound o:d doctrine, tar different from the teachings that led to the attempt to secede, and a kindred theory that the Stares were taken out of the Union by the rash ue;s ol conspirators that hap pen d to dwell within their bora rs, must be re ceived aud auvocated with the- enthusiasm ofeuriy manhood, or chu people will bo ruled by corrupt combinations of the commercial ventres, win -n, plethori • irom wealth, annually migrate to the e iial of die nation to purchase special legislation. Unli the representatives of the people in <_ digress m, re tally exliioit the diverse views and the inter ests of tar whole ua.ioa, an I laws cease to ho mad - niiiioutfuii discussion, at the behest oi some party lead ;r, there will never be a proper r speet sh >wn by the law-making power iti-< r o the Ju dicial or U.x-cutive branch of the Government. Tne generation just beginning to use th ballot box if is believed only lived cu it their iv'- ution -hoa'd he called to these e mud >r itions to iudi.-air bv their vote that tii. y w ish their Kepr. seatauve* to observe all the restraints which t ie pi ople, in adopting the Constitution, intruded to imp sc on part/excess. Calmly reviewing mv adiinnistra tion of the government, I f • i mat, with a senso of aeeouutaolility to G >d, having conh-icniiously endeavored to discharge my Whole duty, I have nothing to regret. E -curs have proved dm correct ii -ssot the policy set forth m my firs', and sume qaen: messages.’ 1 he woes which have followed tna r -jeetion of f ;ro- arancc, magnanimity and constitutional rule, are known and deplore I oy the nation. It is a math r of pride and gr itili .-uiion, lu re*, ring lVuu tU : m si exulted po-itiou in the gilt o! a ir e people, to feel an 1 know th it in a long, irdlous, -anti eventlul pub ic life, my action li .s never been iulluen-ed by ad ,-sirt lor gain, and that t van in, ill-ineerity inquire, whom have 1 defraud ed? .-Vnom have I oppressed, ol'at whose hand :iav i reei-ivvd any bribe to blind my tyes there with? No r.-spoils.otlity for wars iliac have be- n waged or blood that lias been shad, re u upon me. 31, iLougliis have been tlios - of peace, an I my r - tort lias ever been to allay contention- among mv countrymen. l-’orgettiEg he pan. let us r -tarn to die first priueipit s of the Government, and unturl ing the bana..r of our eoc-.nry, mijr.oe up >u l . in inetraeable characters, “Tne Constitution and the Union—me and ins-parable" l.s.g e-d) VNDREW JOHNSON. Was xxxtirojr, I>. C.. March 4, i w. Tl.vciiing School. A gentleman from S’.v.i'.npvilie was telling how m my ditfercut occupations he had attempted. Among others lie had tried school tei citing. “ How long did you tench. ?” asked a by stander. “ Wal, didn’t teach long, that is only went to teach.” “ Did you hire out ?” “ Wal, I didn’t hire out ; I only we: to hire out.” •• Why did you give it up?” Wal, 1 g:u i' up ! >r s,.- n.j r . ci uother ; you see 1 tr ivel-e 1 , . u dvs’rict. and em[ tired 1 :' ihe Inis ees. S >m . ly sa il Mr. Saiekles wa« tlie man tii.it I .'.ant ed to see. So 1 lbu&d Mr. Saiekles—nam ed ubjeV, introduced n . sell, am! a-k-d him what he t! ought ai on: Luting m • try tin luck with ti:e boys and the unruly cals i: the deesti ct. II • wanto 1 t ' ku ■. i 1 really c >usi iced myselt capa tie ; Is lid 1 wouldn’t mind his asking me a tew easy things in ’rithmetic, jograpltv. or shown: g my hau l writing. He said, *■ an, tteVet mind, he con: 1 tell a goo l teacher i>y his gait.” •• ! t mo sec vo.t walk off a little ways,” said he, ” and 1 can tell jisl’s well's I'd heard you exa uiued.” *• Lie sot in the door as he spoke, and I tho’t he looked a little skilish ; lull I wa< considerably liuistrated and i didn't earn much. So I turned round am! walked on as smart as I knowed how ; he said ii W tell me when to stop, so I kept on till 1 thought I’d gone far enough , thou I '.-peeled s’tliiug wits to pay, an 1 looked round. Wu . the door was shut, Suiekots was gone,' *■ Did you go hack ?" “Wal, no; I didn't apply for another school,” said the gemlemuu front Swatutt ville. " I lather guess utv appearance wa agin m Just i'ui-.Eu Minutes. Will we Amer icans ever loam to eat slowly enough? While we were sitting in a re-; mra it iv eeutly a full gro vu, live American took a seat at our taliie. “Waiter!” “Yes, sir.” “Pork anil beans— inick !” The pork ami beaus were brought. Before takiue. the lies! moutuf.d the gen tleman again proceeded : “And, waiter, a tunica pie.'” “Yes, sir.” “Bring mo a piece—and have it here in just three minutes.” The man “came to time.” Within two minutes lie began on the pork and beans, and within about nine inuiutcs trim the time lie sat down he had paid his bill •and passed out of the restaurant. Here is ail instance exactly as we saw it. It is by no means an exceptional case, save that most Amuricuu business men lake about twenty minutes to do the same tiling. There is dyspepsia in every minute less than half au hour that is occupied by the daily luucli. [Xew York Kvouiug Mail. Grains, the last rebel no.a mprison, has be-.n pardoned.