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Faim, Garden, and Household,
( «»M>U< TE1> BY IT IN AM SI MON TON. Our iricnds who m ly have communications, ob • . vatious, facts, suggestions, or anything of interest, t.iiniug to t!iis T jnrtment, are requested to commu .1 to tht* same to Dr. l’utuain simonton, S»*.u>i *rt, who : prepare the same for publication, it of sufficient im •rtanev. ioim ua m Hint, fob 101 so MKS. In all human life aud history, few Ihiugs are pimps harder and more difficult than fora • u11_r man, just starting out tor Himself, to de •rmiuc what to do, whither to go, what calling pursue. Inexperienced in business, unused comparing the relative profits of the differ-1 aiiiugs, and seeing some persons success , in certain avocations, as trades aud thepro • ssions, they naturally turu to these, and finding no room there, too often sink back into -gust and despair, and so waste the most pre , us years of life, never to return, in fitful i unavailing endeavors, .or, worse,—in idly \ .. a a “for something lo turn up.” i.. neb, we desire to point out the way !,. ur judgment, will lead them to suc r ,s and brume, as it has all those, cvery s'lie re. whose condition seems so prosperous , i, l enviable. \ml the first step in the right direction is, • have right \ iews as to the nature and prof ,ts cf the various callings of men. For there is no m ■•re erroneous idea, and one more harm ful, —is l end ring people dissatisfied with their loess, and tending to over do certain ii. Is. -t> an the belief that some occupations r, greatly more profitable, and, therefore, more de.-irable than others. \ . :tlv retlectiou will show that, taking all c;rcuinsia:,'o s into account, all the dillt-r „ trades and occupations must pay. in the ng rut), e-S' iitiallv the same profits. For iiiipeutiou is a great natural leveller-ul'' ;)rofii, as radiation of heat from hot to cold bodies gives equal temperature to the whole. Sup rose. from the loice of temporary dream -1unecs, one branch of business, as farming, de, shiiibuilding, or the professions, ts real better than another in its paying aspects, i! happens '.- X’euple will as certainly leave poorer to enter the better paying one, as , . will leave a hot rock to enter a cold one Its side, till, in both cases, the cqilibrium i< io-torcd. The fact that in Some occupations wanes are coiiMaii'ly high, t limn in others, may seem to oppose this view, and leads mans into erroneous idiots aud ruinous acts. Wages is the prici paid for any personal scr . and the corparative prices for all such si rv ires arc governed liy a great natural law— ,V cost. Hence trade s whit-li have little or no cost of nn . ir money in the learning of them, will pay as well at lower wages, as others costing, as lieu happens, hundreds and thousands ol dol- | .is to learn, will at much larger wages. The j former is simply labor to be paid for; the lat- | i r both labor and capital put with it, to be paid for. \gain fizL is a great element in determining the profit of occupations. Those with small wages, and but little danger to health and life, pay as well as those with far larger wages where sickness and shoitencd life deduct so heavily from the sum. Thus needle-grinders, where the steel dust kills in a short time, and soldier- Tom the perils of war, while receiv ing ]■ iui times tin wages <1 oidinary trades, m iaig.-r ;ban these. Kor soldier’s nn pem-Ions arc only an element in j their wages, demanded by this consideration j •,)! danger. lienee we see tii.u it metier- very little, <n ie M ore ol piolit., wiiat the occupation is; - a hav ing something in its favor, and ihe op- ; posite. In them all, if we take all the circum- J 'ai.ee- into account, tile average of accumu- ! -ailou will not be very dilleient. What seems | to dispute this statemeut, and leads, by its er r uieou-iic--, to the ruin of thousands, is see - ing Ihe vast fortunes some men make incei taiu kinds of business -tin* Stewarts in trade, the O'Briens in shipbuilding, ir. So, also, in i lie humide trade.- ol rag-picking, and seeking lost valuables .11 the filthy sewers which un derdrain great cities, laige fortunes have been made! The true test is, not extreme, but the average ol eases, if you take the mercantile pursuit—all who are directly ami indirectly connected with it; the merchants, nine tenths ol whom tail.—a very large portion remaining forever hopelessly bankrupt; the myriad clerks, agents, porters, tie., who just live along from hand to mouth not possessed ol a cent, and never will tie.— and divide all the property ac ■fiiired in that pursuit by the Lumber ol those ptr.-ous, and the av rage will not be above that In the ordinary ami despised callings. In tlie profession.-', it is precisely the same, (■•'i- every Lawyer, Clergyman, ami Doctor, who has made a fortune by their work, or who an live just above board even, there are hun dreds with nothing, wailing for clients, par t-lies, and patients,—only consoled by the thought that their great. Mssti r, too, ‘“had not where to lay his head." if you turn to that apparently desirable em ployment—authorship,—the average of its prutHs will be found not above those of wood sawing. It. has, indeed, its Stewarts in a few wealthy Dickenses, Longfellows, Mrs. Stowes, &c.; but who does not weep over the long line of uuthots, who like great Ilomer, Goldsmith, Dryden, Butler, Burns, Poe, who died, as they lived, iu poverty and want! And as to the plant where Fortune has her home, she is about equally kind to all places alike, ll to torrid climes Nature freely gives llieir luscious fruits and spontaneous food, and man, too, of feeble powers; to colder ones site as freely gives no less a bounty in the noble grains and meats which make the blood, and bones, and brain of a nobler race. If the i heap and fertile lands of our Great West, four limes as productive us our New England soil, attract thither our fortune-seekers,—New England, by her teeming population, anil her numerous industries which always consume, and never produce, food, pays four times the price, as compared with the West, for agricul tural produce. And if this does not sulticieiit 'y balance these supposed superior advantages there, -consider the disadvantages resulting from the scarcity of timber alone iu that re gion : poor dwellings, and out-buildiugs almost none. Many families have we known, living iu quite elegant style here, line houses, and all the appurtenances of comfort,—go from our midst to these distant wilds, to be denied all these cherished comforts of horn c; and whose property rarely exceeds that of their former condition, though upon them such bounteous harvests pour. How many, indeed, wander sudly back to the scenes of their earlier and happier life, wait aud wasted in fortune and spirit I Those, therefore, who seek to fiud fortune by pursuing Iter from place to place, arc still performing the simple act of happy child hood—chasing for the end of the beautiful rain-bow where a silver spoon awaits the lucky finder. To all those well-off fortune-seekers, wheth er by changing places or business, especially all those who hope to find her in o_'Jlx-seeking,— we would earuestiy commend the Italian epi taph : “I was well; wished to be better; took medicine, and here I am!” The same is true iu the investment of capi" tal. For, next to its getting, the hardest thing probably,is to know what to do with it, where to put it that it shall pay best. And here, as in the wages of labor, risk is a great clement. A safe investment at G per cent, would pay better than an unsafe one at 20 per cent; and as choosing a calling which promises large pay, but with offsets also, has sadly' disappointed the hopes of thousands,—so investing capital in these so promising directions, without considering t/teir offsets, has strewed the world thick with the wreck of what untold fortunes! Countless stocks, as banks, railroads, oil-companies, &e, 1 while promising to the greedy large profits, 1 how often have they like the poet's “Swollen bubbles llurst. and all is air.’’ To every young man seeking his fortune, whether by selling his services, or investing his capital, these principles iic deep down among the solid rocks upon which he must build, in our judgment, young friends, it mat ters far less what you do, and where you are, than h«ic you do it. Fvery calliug is full of fortunes inviting young men of courage, with brave and iionest hearts, to come and take them. Next week, we shall try to show how, and where, to find them. DAUIIAS, The flower of flowers, l'or out-door culture, I we think, is the dahlia; showy, hardy as the potato, subject to uo insects, and a constant ; bloomer from 1st of July till killing frosts. It is a South American plant, introduced into Eu rope by the Spaniards in 1780, and derives its name from I he Swedish botanist Dahl. In its ! culture, it requires much the same treatment as the potato. Now is the time to “sprout ' them.” Put them into a box of earth, moss, or any substance that retains moisture well, and keep them iu any warm place where pota toes would sprout, watering frequently. When the new growth is an inch or two high, with a sharp, thin knife cut out carefully as large a piece of the root, with oue new shoot attached to it, as possible without injuring the others. Put each shoot with its root into a small box of pasteboard or birch bark; till with good j soil; water well every day, and keep them in ; a warm sunny place. When all frosts are over, ; and the ground is warm—not before the 1st of 1 June in this climate—set them out where they i are to stand, the roots two or three inches be : low the surface. As their stocks are very ten der, they must be constantly well staked. At llrst any light stick:- will do; but by the time they are in flower, as they will be three or four j feet high, with heavy, bushy tops, they must ; be well tied to strong stakes, as firmly set as i bean poles. To see a line dahlia all shattered by wind and storm is a painful sight—only ex ceeded by that other sad and unnecessary thing—a line of clothes tattered by the wind, and draggling in the mud. ! MOW ’£» ALiHP ( IIIUVI:VH Most people iu cleaning lamp chimneys use either a brush made of bristles twisted into a i wire, or a rag on the point of scissors. Both i of these are bad; for, without great care, the wire, or scissors, will scratch the glass, as a | diamond does, which, under the expansive ; power of heat, soon breaks, as all scratched glass will. If you want a neat little thing that costs nothing, and will save half your glass, tie a piece of soft sponge, the size of the chim ney to a pine stick. Hi S'1C TV LA -VI PH. Extracts from newspapers aud advertise ments relating to so-called “safety lamps,” for burning cheap kerosene or benzine, have been frequently sent to us with the request that we would express an opinion regarding them. Wc remark, in brief, that no lamp can be construct ed in which these highly inflammable liquids may be used with safety. The “escape-valves” ! and “side-tubes” usually employed are of no service whatever in connection with lamps. They do not. in the slightest degree insure safe ly. Il>u.:ine is dangerous to harbor tn families. More deaths are caused by breaking lamps than by explosions. Very few lamps really explode. Men, women, and children arc burned to death by spilling tlie liquid upon the clothing, or up setting lamps or cans; and most of the explo sions reported are accidents of this nature. Exemption from danger is secured only by pre venting Inflammable liquids from euteriug the dwelling—not by the use of “safety lamps” or 1 vessels for holding the liquids. Have nothing i to do with these devices. Purchase and use only good kerosene oil, of legal standard, aud you are safe. [Boston Jour. Chemisty. !®rolT. Pjaislvv on Toliacco and Air. The celebrated l’rof. Penslee, in a lecture in New York, recently, said:— j “The use of tobacco interferes with dlges I lion, causes disease of the throat, diminishes I virility, sometimes producing impotency, blunts tlie intellect and destroys the finer sen sibilities. It never should be used for medici nal purposes. Having said this much in regard : to the “fragrant weed,” the lecturer proceeded j to explain tlie use and effect of air on the hu man system. The vitalizing element of air, ! oxygen, is essential to life and health. Ani mals require it in order to exist aud enjoy the natural heat of the body. The lecturer de scribed the action of breathing, and said it should always be performed through the uose, ; ami explained the wonderful mechanism of the I circulatory organs. A grown person breathes from fourteen to eighteen times in a minute, I aud less when asleep than awake. Iu everv twenty-four hours ouc and a half pounds of : vapor arc exhaled from the lungs. The doc tor spoke of the necessity of having pure air in our sleeping apartments, and recommended a careful attention to a proper ventilation in our dwellings as a matter of indispensable Hy gienic importance.” Piiralysis from Excessive Nuioblng'. Impaired nervous energy, and even actual paralysis, produced by the excessive use of to bacco, are more common than is usually sup posed. All or most will probably endorse the j assertion of impaired nervous energy resulting from excessive smoking, but cases of actual | paralysis resulting from this cause must be very rare. We never remember seeing one which we could without any doubt assign to this cause. In the September number of the Lancet for 1804 there is a case recorded of par alysis of the hand and forearm from excessive smoking [Journal of Health. MAP VARXMHES. A very good varnish for covering over archi tectural drawings, maps, etc., can be made by dissolving one pound of white shellac, a quar ter of a pound of camphor, and two ounces of Canada balsam in one gallon of alcohol. The following method affords also a good, quick-drying varnish: Thin down Canada bal sam with turpentine, and add one fourth of the bulk of quick-drying, pale copal varnish; lay on smoothly with a flat camel-hair brush, and let the map lie flat for a few hours. [Boston Journal Chemistry. Running the Blockade. BY A BRITISH ENGINEER. “A southerly wind and a cloudy sky” may be a very pleasant theme for fox-hunt ing squires in dear Old England, but when a man is under a cloud in in a foreign coun try, with a southerly wind in his pockets, and Mary Thompson’s mark, k‘M. T.” on his clothes chest, then it’s quite another kettle of fish. This, however, was my sad case. Yellow Jack had laid me by the heels for six weeks. When I came out of hos pital, my ship had left the port; tools and duds were soon obliged to go tor lodgings and food ; and now I, William Trereave, Cornishman and certitioated engineer, found myself iu James Town, Bermuda, with a lucky sixpence on a steel watch chain for my fortune. 1 My landlady, too, old mother Che-Che, in whose house I had spent scores of dol lars, had informed that as money and clothes were both gone, she would trouble me to lookout for other lodgings; so that my j thoughts as I sat on the wharf enjoying a j light breakfast—“a pipe and the sea breeze,” —were not by any means of a pleasant des cription. Not one of the steamers then in the harbor required an engineer ; I might get a berth on board a blockade-ruuner, but none were expected for a week or ten days, and how was I to live iu the meanwhile? 1 would have shipped as stoker, but iu my weak state it was just as likely I should pitch myself into the furnace as the coals. Sadly e-nough, the words of the old capstan song came to my mind, and I could not re sist singing— “And when your money’s all gone and spent, And no more can be borrowed or lent, It's walk out Jaek, let John sir down, For your money's all gone and-” “That’s a mournful ditty, mate,” said a cheery voice behind me ; “what ship, eh?” “The song is true enough,” I answered, “and my ship, at preseut, is ‘hardship.’ ” Looking round, I found my questioner to be a tall, seafaring man, keen-eyed and black-bearded, evidently the first mate or captain of au English vessel. “That’s a ship I should give a wide berth to,” he continued. “Had the fever I see, and run aground, I expect. Well, who are you, aud what cau you do?” My position and wishes were soon told. “Lucky I stumbled across you,” he added ; “my uame is Adams ; I am chief officer of the Fauuy Flewker, a craft you may have heard of; we left our second engineer in Wilmiuglou, and if your papers are all right, I have uo doubt Captain Ford will ship you ; iu fact, I came ashore on the lookoet for one ot your sort. Hut bear a hand now, my lad, and we will have just a wee bite and sup, as old Sandy Cameron, j our boatswain, calls it, before we go on , board.” You may depend I followed my uew frieud with considerable alacrity, aud 1 found that a good meal, with halt a bottle ! of claret enabled me to take a more favor able view of my future prospects. After dinuer we went ou board the Fanny. Cap tain Ford received me very kindly, declar ed himself satisfied with my papers and re plies, engaged me as secoud engineer at liberal wages, aud what was more kiud, advanced me twcuty dollars to redeem my chest and get a rig-out. In a couple of hours 1 had procured all 1 wanted, seut my chest ou board, aud regularly joined the ship. She was a long, low, twin-screw vessel, rigged as a three-masted schooner, with masts stepped so as to lower nearly ou deck ; her smoke stack, too, lowered tele scope fashion, aud the lines of her hull were as tine as a yacht’s. What state her engines were iu I could uot of course see, on account of their sea-going jackets of white lead ; but she looked just the sort of craft you could get sixteen knots out of eveu in a seaway. She had originally beeu painted all white, out aud iu board ; but now I saw that whitewash was replacing paiut; rust marks, too, were visible ; and though everything looked serviceable, yet 1 missed the trim smartness I had beeu used to in the lloyal Mail. 1 had huishedf&y survey, and was going below, when Captaiu Ford hailed me. “What do you thiuk of her, Mr. Trereave ?” said lie. “We haven’t time to keep her man-of-war fashiou, and besides, owing to the peculiar nature of our coasting trade, the Fanny Flewker may suddenly change bauds any voyage. I wauted to say a few words to you,” be continued, “before you go below. Mr. Todd, our chief engineer, at the time of his appointment by the own ers was without doubt competent aud use ful, hut now a vile habit of tippling has destroyed him ; when sober, he is a poor trembling creature, without energy and in capable of exertion, and when drunk, an idiotic braggart. It’s only about two hours in the twenty-iour that he is of the slight est use, so that I shall have to place much reliance on you. I am not a teetotaler, Mr. Trereave,” lie said ; “indeed I hold that a sailor-man exposed to rough weather re quires a glass of grog at proper times, hut it’s the habit of constant drams that at last grows into an everlasting aud never satis fied crave for drink. But here’s your friend Mr. Adams ; he will introduce you to the chief engineer. Aud tell him from me to get up steam, lor we shall go out of port with the morning tide.” After a few words of welcome aud con gratulation on Adams part aud of suitable acknowledgement on miue, I descended to the engiue-room, aud there found my future superior. Captaiu Ford’s words had some what prepared me, but I did not expect to see so complete a wreck. Far above the average height with a line forehead and massive head, he had at one time been a strikingly handsome man ; but now, neglect ed hair, sunken eyes, and his nervous and uncertain gestures, all betrayed his be setting sin. “You are very welcomekMr. Trereave,” he commenced. “This excitement and re sponsibility is killing me ; my nervous sys tem, sir, is completely shaken. If it were uot for the stimulants I am compelled to take, I should sink under it; now, howev er, I hope for a little rest. Let me offer you some refreshmentand filling a tum bler two-thirds full of fiery whiskey, he added a little water, and swallowed the con tents at a gulp. I wauted to obtain some information about the engines, so that I was almost com pelled to sit down with him ; but before my glass was finished, he had emptied the whiskey bottle, and staggered off to his berth, declaring that his state was all ow ing to the decay of his nervous system. Luckily, I found the leading firemau iotelli i gent and docile, and by the time Captain Ford wanted to get the ship uuder way, everything was ready in the engine-room. We left port in the morning, made Wil miugton, and returned to Bermuda in safety. One or two of Uncle Sam’s blockaders chased us, but the Fauny Flewker showed them a clean pair of heels. She was a sweet craft—as handy as a river boat, and with a pair of engines that worked like a watch ; and well Captain Ford handled her. I have known him to lower the masts and run in the grey dawn into port almost with in hail of the blockading squadron. We burnt Welsh coal, so that there was not any smoke to betray us ; our white hull and up per works bleuded with the morning mist; and you may rely there was not much noise on board. Another of the skipper's tricks used to puzzle the Yankees. Of course there were pieuty oi spies in northern pay, i both at James Town and on the coast. We i always left Bermuda as the Fanny Flew i ker, but when we got out to a strip of cauvas with another name painted on it was nailed over the stern, so that we came into port as the Kate, perhaps, or the Daphne, or any other name the captain fancied. This ruse not only diverted particular attention from U3, but made the Yaukees believe there was a regular fleet running ; and didn’t it make the blockaders savage 1 Well, we made twelve successful runs, and that’s a longlife for a blockade-runner. I had scraped together a good pile of money, for I received a gratuity from the owners each voyage, iu addition tu my pay, and, taught wisdom by experience, had invested it safely. I cannot tell why I dreaded the thirteenth run, but somehow I had afore bodiug of evil, and could not help telling the chief oflieer of my idea, Of course I got laughed at for my pains. Adams wanted to know if I had taken old Todd’s com plaiut; perhaps my nervous system was beginning to decay ; and a lot more of that kind of chaff. We started that voyage with a cargo j consisting of hospital stores, quinine, cloth ing, &c., together with a battery of rifled field guns, all going on smoothly till we got off the mouth of the Santee River, South Carolina, and there a big lump of a paddle steamer lay right iu our way. Directly we sighted her, our course was altered, and we bore away to the southward full speed ; and as we wont about three knots to her two, it was not long before she was hull-down. Sharp eyes, however, on board that paddle had seen us, and it was evident by the dense smoke still visible ou the horziou, that ev ery effort was being made to overtake, or at least keep up with us. Going, too, as we were, nearly before the wind, we could hear at regular intervals the dull “boom” of her heavy gun. Why they were wasting j powder, I could not make out, unless it was impotent rage at our escape. “D’ye hear them ?” shouted Adams to me ; down the hatch, as another report came up with the wind. “ les, i auswereri : “what eau it mean r ! “Hardly know,” said he ; “1 don’t like the look of it; Nuuky does uot burn powder j without a purpose.” The words were bare ly spoken, when 1 heard the look-out for ward shout, “smoke, ho !” “Where away?” was the captain’s quick reply. “Broad on the port bow aud there, plainly enough, was to be seen the deuse column of smoke marking the presence of a hostile steamer, j That she was a foe was evident from the fact that all runners burnt smokeless coal; smoke therefore betokened danger. We could now detect the meaning of the tiring ; it was the paddle signalling our arrival to i her consort, and we were being hemmed in. Captain Ford was, however, equal to the emergency : our course was shaped for the laud ; preparations were made for lower ing the masts ; and I saw that the manoeu vre which had belorc stood us iu good stead was once more to be tried. The coast of South Carolina abounds in shoals and sand-banks, stretching out for miles * into the sea ; these are intersected by chan nels navigable for vessels of light draught, like ours. Captain Ford knew the coast well, aud, moreover, we had a Wilmington pilot on board ; our course, therefore, was to stand iu for the laud as far as possible, and then, by threading the narrow, aud to them inaccessible passages, endeavor to double on our pursuers. We had been ruuuiug on parallel lines with oui paddle, she keeping as near in shore as she dared, with the object of driv ing us to sea aud iuto the jaws of her cou sort. As we bore up, of course the relative distance between us was lessened. It was evident they understood our tactics, for they favored us with a shell from their big gun. We could see the clouds of spray raised by the euormous missile as it bound ed from wave to wave ; but it burst harm lessly half a mile from us. Auother and another followed, but the saucy Fan Hew along under a full head of steam, aud soou, with two ineu at the wheel, and the pilot eonuiug her, we entered the only patch of green water iu a line of angry surf. We held on till darkness fell, and then we were safe from a boat attack ; and as there was a heavy sea running, aud no moon visible, it was not likely either the paddle or her consort would risk their men. A single anchor was let go with a hemp cable, axes being placed handy, so that iu case of need we could literally “cut aud run.” The fires were banked, tarpaulins placed over the deck lights, for fear a treacherous glimmer should betray us, double tooK-outs posted, aud all made snug. It is as!oni,slung how use reconciles us to peril. The first time I was iu a similar fix, 1 felt, to say the least, extremely nervous ; now I turned iu and slept till 1 was called. “Turn out, Mr. Trereave,” said the chief (who, for a wonder, was sober,) “day will break in an hour, and the skipper means to run past the Yankee in the grey of the inoruiug.” Presently the word w as passed to stand by the engines, and I saw, as I went below, that the cable was being sawn through to avoid the noise of the falling axe. “Keep her half-speed for the present, Mr. Trereave,” said the Captain ; and “don’t get too much steam ; I will not have any ‘blow ing off,’ to let Uncle Sam know where we are.” Cautiously aud silently we sped along the opposite channel to our entrance, for we had taken refuge in a small bay closed to vessels of heavy draught by the triangular shaped shoals in its centre. A narrow and tortuous channel ran round two sides of this j triangle., opening at the angles of the sea i ward base. Our point of entry was no doubt guarded by the paddle or her con sort ; now we hoped that the outlet might be unknown, and that our low, white hull would blend with the waves in the grey morning light, and so escape detection. Each moment brought the thunder of the suit nearer, but safely we crossed the bar, and again felt the long roll of the open sea. “(jive her all you can, below there,” was the order now passed down. The stokers worked with a will, and soon the Fanny went at her best speed. I began to think i we should get clear off. Vain hope ! for I suddenly the morning fog lifted, and there, not three miles from us on the weather quarter, lay the paddle. There was yet a chance ol eluding them ; but no, they kept a bright look-out, and we could hear the beat to quarters. However, we were well uuder weigh, and she had to heave her an chor and get up steam; but she was soon after us, playing up the same tune with her big guns. “Blaze away, Yank,” sung out the Wil mington pilot; “once get round yon head land, and I will run her slick into Santee, and I guess you may follow her thar, if yew like.” Swiftly we approached the headland, and its promised satiety was nearly gained, when from behind the low bluff appeared a gun boat with the stars and stripes flying. The moment she sighted us, fire was opened from her midship gun, and I could plainly hear the hoarse roar of a Dahlgren shell as it passed over us to burst a hundred yards to windward. “Hard over with that helm,—hard over sir !” shouted Captain Ford. “See that the falls of those quarter boats arc clear, Mr. Adams ; and you men bundle up what traps you can—its good bye, Fannie Flewker. I shall run her ashore uuder the point if pos sible.” F I hastily placed a few articles of clothing in my ditty-bag, which I deposited in the port quarter boat, and then ran back to my duty. I could not, though, resist the tempt atation to ascertain our position before I went below, and I threw a glance round, ^es, there was the paddle steamer, there the gunboat, and there the angry surf beat ing on the sands—each hungering for poor Fanny Flewker. Suddenly the whole hor izou seemed filled with flame, and then all was darkness, and I became insensible. When I recovered consciousuess, I found myself stretched on a locker in the engine room. My head seemed glued to the boards, but at last I managed to sit up. An ugly gash over my temple pained me horribly, and I was sore from sundry bruises. Struck by a fragment of shell, I had no doubt been knocked down the engine hatch, and stun ned by the fall. But where was Todd and the firemen? The engines stopped too! and what a state the engine room was in—start ing gear unshipped, the handle of the steam valve wrenched off and missing, the stop valve hove down, and the flooring torn up. My first impulse was to get on deck, but the hatch ladder was unhung and lying at my feet ; I tried to raise it, but the exer tion set my wounds bleeding, aud a dreamy unconsciousness came over me ; life seemed ebbing ; then the events of my life passed swiftly through my memory till at last I was a child again, seated by my mother’s side. * * * * * Sick and faint, I awoke to the reality of my situation ; frantically I called for Adams, and hailed the watch on deck, but the fierce roar of the fires, and the low hiss of the pent-up steam trying to find vent, was my only answer. Mechanically I turned to the engines ; the gauge-glasses were all but de void of water, and the gauge taps gave out little else than steam ; the blow-off pipes, too, were broken inboard, so that any at tempt to ease the boilers in that way would have filled the engine-room with scalding vapor. I could see it all now. I had been left on board for dead when she was run ashore, and before the crew deserted the ship the fires had been made up to the ut most, and the safety valves fastened, in the hope that she would blow up before Yankee took possession. Again and again I tried to raise the heavy iron ladder, for I would have jumped overboard at any risk, could I have reach ed the deck; but each effort failed, aud the deadly faintness was again creeping over me. Then I fancied I heard the sound of oars, and the bump of a boat coming along- j side ;—surely that was the quick tramp of; feet and voices on deck ! My throat was ! parched aud dry, but I managed to hail,; “On deck there !” aud oh the joy of hear ing an answer ! “For mercy’s sake,” gasp ed I, as faces appeared at the hatchway, “Lower a line and ship the ladder !” down came a rope ; my trembling fingers eagerly knotted it to the topmost round, and soon it was in place. I darted up, but my way was stopped by a grizzled old quartermas ter, revolver in hand, who drawled out, whilst he collared me, “Not so fast, Brit isher. Wlmt’s going ou below here ?” “You are in fearful danger,” I exclaimed ; “let me get to the safety valves ; she will be blown up in a few miuutes.” “I’ll see for myself,” said the old fellow, retaining his grasp of my collar ; “guess if she blows, we’ll go together. None of your tarnation artful tricks for me, Britisher.” “What’s that going on below?” said a voice on deck, and looking up I saw the speaker was a naval officer. I hastily ex plained the peril, and ho as quickly compre heubed my meaning. “Can you save her?” he said. “I can, sir, with help,” I replied. “Give your orders, then,” he returned; “my men shall obey them ; but act in good faith, or you will repent it. Quartermas ter,” he continued, “if you detect any treach ery— “Aye, aye, sir,” replied the old man, coolly, pointing to his revolver. There was no time for protests or for as surance of truth. I set one gang of men to draw the fires, whilst I with others en deavored to free the safety-valves. It was perilous work, for the over-tasked boilers might give way any momeut. Chains had been twisted round the valve levers, and spikes forced into slots, so as to prevent the slightest upward movement of the valves ; but at last every obstacle yielded to stalwart arms and sledge-hammers, and a roar of steam from the escape-pipe told us that the Fanny Flewker had escaped at least that peril. I hastened below, for I was fearful somo of the men might, in their ignorance, ad mit water into the heated boilers, a proceed ing which would instantly cause the explo sion we had just averted ; and there, from the increasing motion, I found that the tide had risen, and the ship was beginning to float aft. “Get her off, engineer,” said the United (states officer, “and I will guarantee you five hundred dollars in gold ; and as soon as you like, for your friends on shore are beginning to shoot.” Now when a man has to choose between five hundred dollars and a prison, it does not take much time to make up his mind. ! I decided for the dollars. I had plenty of assistance, and soon got all right in the en gine room. She had been run ashore on a sand bank, at low water, about a hundred rods from the shore. As the tide rose, she floated aft, and assisted by purchases on deck I backed her ofi, and took her outside into deep water. How they did pepper us from the shore 1 I could hear the ping-ping of the rifle bullets as they struck the ship, till the gunboat cleared the beach with her shells. Luckily, there were not any <*un batteries handy on shore, or we should have been sunk where we lav. Uutside, i gave up charge to the second engineer of the paddle. lie was a very decent fellow, aud by his advice I stuck to the ship after we went into Norfolk. 1 got my live hundred dollars aud was made chief engineer of the Fanny Flewker when they turned her into the Nahobegah gun boat, and attached her—only fancy—to the blockading squadron ! Nothing ot any importance occurred for some time, and then we were ordered round to New York on particular service. I had shore leave, aud was strolling up Broad way, when I met a gauut-look-iug and rag ged sailor whose face was familiar to me. “Surely you’re not Trereave?” said the man. “Aud surely you are not Adams?” | said I. “I am indeed,” lie replied, “but I ! left you for dead on board the Fanny.” And then came explanations ; that he had seen me struck down before Captain Ford ran the ship ashore : how the chief en gineer had said I was dead aud cold, and that as the boats would not wait he was obliged to leave. “I have had nothing but bad luck since I left you, Trereave,” con tinued Adams. “We got back to James Town all right, and the owners sent out an other vessel; but she was taken the first voyage, aud I have been in limbo all the winter, They got tired of us, I suppose, for we were turned out of prison a fort night since, aud told to go back to England. But then our skipper must fall sick, aud I could not leave him in a strange place. All our money went long ago, and it’s been hard times to get the old man food. 1 don’t often cave in, but this morning I felt in a i clench, for a man can’t always keep up his courage when there is a southerly wiud in the bread barge ! but now I’ve met you—” I and the poor fellow’s anxious eyes seemed to say, “Will you befriend me, or will you not ?” I “Cheer up, old lad,” said I; “it’s my i turn now. I don’t forget that morning at SJames Town. Come aud have some diu ■ uer, and get a rig-out going along ; after that we will make the skipper comfortable.” “Heaven bless you, Trereave,” returned Adams ; “you are a friend and a man." i I found that anxiety and privation were the causes of Captain Ford’s illness. Care aud proper food soon restored him to com parative health, aud J had the pleasure of getting him and Adams comfortable berths j in a vessel bound tor London. 1 paid their passage, aud persuaded them to accept an advance of a few dollars. Well, time rolled ou, and the war was ended. I had saved a tidy pile, so I thought I would take six months’ holiday and see my friends in the old country. You may be sure I called upon Bill Ad ams. I found him doing well, aud I also found that lie had a remarkably pretty sis ter—as good, too, as she was pretty. “I never mentioned her,” said Bill, “for she was a slip of a girl when I left, and I for got that girls grow into women.” I staid a week with them, aud then went down to Cornwall ; but all my folks were dead or gone away, or changed, so that I came back to Bill’s, aud I can’t tell how it was ; but there—Bessie Adams is now Mrs. Tre reave, aud it’s to please her I’ve written this long yarn. 1‘E.VDLETO.l. .1 Frl«-n«lly Chut with Him iilianl drain, Cuba anil Southern Atfairu. Correspondence of file Montgomery Mail, 9tli. Cincinnati, March 4. I had the honor of an interview, this morn ing, with lion. George II. Pendleton. As our conversation was purely upon topics of which he doubtless speaks publicly every day, I can not see any impropriety in giviug the substance of it. Not only would it be uot improper, but on the contrary I think it would be highly proper for the people of Atlanta to know just at this juncture what is the animus of the grand party which represent a large majority of the white men of the United States, and of which Mr. Pendleton is one of the accepted leaders—the party which has now control of the great stales of Ohio aud New York, aud which must in a short time regain its old ascendency through out the entire north. Mr. Pendleton is a hand some man, of cultivated address aud captivat ing manner. He shows no sign of age, but ap pears in the hearty vigor and cheerful hopes of early manhood. He received ine most cordial ly, and expressed the pleasure which he enter tained at meeting last summer a number of our delegation to the New York convention. After inquiring as to the health of Governor Fitzpat rick, Gen. Clayton, Colonel Lowe, of Hunts ville, aud others, our conversation turned up on the topic of current interest—the inaugura tion. JOHNSON’S FAREWELL ADDRESS. “Mr. Pendleton,” I asked, “have you read this morning the farewell address of Mr. John son?" He had uot had time to read it, but could well believe that the out-going president could not too strongly portray the deplorable conse quences of yielding to the usurpations of con gress. “Mr. Johnson refers to the steps by which Sylla obtained supreme power, and to the quiet submission of the people to every viola tion of law.” GRANT—CUBA. “Have you any fear that Geu. Grant will usurp the one man power?” “GeneraliGrant,” said Mr. Pendleton, “il we may judge from his reticence thus far, un der the most powerful pressure, is a man of most wonderful self-command and self-confi dence.” “Is it uot more probable that he is simply a soldier of supreme indifference as to civil af fairs, and that his silence is the result rather of carelessness aud stolidity than self-reli ance !” “It is not probable.” “If not we may apprehend the greater danger to the liberties of the country’’ I replied : “it is already reported that Cuba and Canada are to be absorbed, and territorial aggrandizement is to be the order of the day." TERRITORIAL EXPANSION. “This feeling for territorial expansion,” re marked Mr. Pendleton, “which is being foster ed by the euemies of the old federal state rights system, is intended to distract public attention from the main points at which the ad ministration will aim. In it consists one of the gravest dangers which our country will have to encounter. With power concentrated at Washington, the greater the territory the great er the corruption of the people, and the sooner the falling to pieces of the empire." Cl’UA AND OTHER STATES. “But do you believe, Mr. Pendleton, that by a return to the pure lederul system of our fa thers, the erection of states may be continued indefinitely without danger to the Union?" “Certainly; but until that return, I think it suicidal to add to the burdcu of powerless states. You in the south may want Cuba as a closer commercial neighbor, but do you want to see her erected into two more negro states ?” “The matter of the annexation of Cuba," I replied, “is a matter of supreme luditlerence to the southern people. The onlv interest we feel in the present insurrection is that it drives sugar planters to Louisiana. Ths south has not forgotten that the Cubans showed us no sympathy during the late war. We have no wish for any more negro states. Our one po litical aspiration, at th_- present, is to once more give Alabama to the white people." THE SOUTH—RELIEF WILL COME. “That you will be Able to do,” replied Mr. Pendleton, “at uo distant day. You tell me hat your eoustitntioA canuot be changed ex cept by two-thirds vote of the legislature, and that, by the apportionment, largely over one third of the representatives will be controlled for an indefinite period by the negro counties. 1 ouuuc-t tivll j-ou Jumv, uudor uuoii oirouaiotauood, you will be relieved, but that re-liel will soon pome, if you are only true to your race, is as certain as that the sun will shine to-mor row. look at the case ot Mississippi. Who expected that she could defeat the constitution proposed for her? Look at Louisiana. Did any one conceive of the idea that she would cast her presidential vote for Seymour? Look at the case of Georgia. Did any one expect that her people could so soon expel the negro from of fice without raising as disturbance at homo and at Washington? Yet We see the negro acquies cent, and we sec the vote ol Georgia counted. Besides that, we see what was hardly to be ex pected; General Graut declaring to governor Boutwell that the reconstruction of Georgia should be respected. You say that those were cases in which the people were able, by direct action, to protect themselves; ami you inquire as to a case like that of Alabama where the outrage practiced upon you by congress lias tied the hands of your legislative power. Again Isay, the relief will come; but how it will come, no one can predict. Look at the case of Kbode Island, amt the circumstances which gave rise to the Dorr rebellion. That rebel lion was to change a constitution which, by its own provisions, enabled a large minority ot the people to retain power indefinitely and exclude the majority. The rebellion was put down. Mr. Dorr was imprisoned, ami barely escaped with his life. The objectionable charter government com pletely triumphed. Yet it was changed during the next year by a peaceful revolution which was irresistible. No oue could have predicted the mode of the change, for it was in itself un changeable. Yet a governor was elected who took the responsibility of calling a state con vention, without authority from the charter, and everybody acquiesced iu the power of the convention. Again, take the ease of Maryland. Iu ISC-t that state was completely iu the hands of the radicals, with a proscribing constitution and with wide disfranchisements; yet Mary land to-day has no republican member iu either branch of the legislature. The result iu your state will be like that iu the states which 1 have mentioned, if your conservative people will stand united and patiently bide your time." ai.aiia.ua must take coukaok. I have quoted almost the exact words of Mr. Pendleton. When he concluded, I thanked him for his words of encouragement, and assured him that his langu age would give new heart to our people, lie then continued : “I feel assured that free government in Ala abama will not prove a failure so long as yon have such leaders as Fitzpatrick, Clinton, Winston, Forsyth, Houston, and others whom I could name. Oue thing must be kept in mind, however, if you would not introduce an element of discord into your ranks. Make no promises to the i.egro. If you make him promises you will be in honor bound to keep faith with him. Keep aloof from that entangling alliance. The questions before you demand no pledges from you to the negro race. Do not be impatient if the return to a white man's government should be delayed louger than you expect. A few years are nothing in the life of a government. Look how the years of Cromwell and Napoleon were crowded with new and unexpected events.” “BIDE YOUK TIME.” At this point I suggested to Mr. Pendleton that impatience and desperation, no doubt, had driven some few gentlemen of our state to ac cept the existing state of affairs as a thing to be maintained and supported, and in that con nection alluded to a strong expression made use of by Mr. Toombs in a conversation last summer with General Gordon. The remark of Toombs was : “Gordon, the truth is that the radicals have accumulated their outrages upon our constitutional rights witli such startling rapidity that they have fatigued the indigna tion of our people.” Mr. Peudleton smiled at the force of the apo thegm, and continued: “Do not stickle upon questions of policy. Your people need to stand united, and you should not permit more questions of policy to divide you. Of course I, woh am sitting here iu my ollice in Ohio, with all of my rights of person and property guarded by a white state government, cannot presume to advise you whose condition is so different, but let me beg you to remember what 1 have said about mak ing no pledges to the negro race. In tile past few years, incredulous as you may be, the peo ple have beeu arousing themselves against the oppressions of tin: republican party, and iu a few years, if uot sooner, will assert the man hood of the white race. By patiently biding your time you will ride on tbe wave of success, but if you complicate questions by making im prudent pledges through despair or impatience, you strengthen the enemy and postpone the hour of deliverence.” My interview with Pendleton has done more to encourage me in the course we li ive marked out than anything that iias recently occurred. I feel continent that his language will animate the readers of the Mail. Let our motto in anticipation of the next presidential canvass, be “Fatieuee, Prudence and Pendleton.” Epitaphs. The following is on a tomb stone in San Viego, Cal. This year is sacked to the memory of William Henry Shraken, who cam to his detli being shot with Coil’s revolvers—one of the old kind, brass mounted, and of such is the Kingdom of Heaven. The auuexed epitaph is on a young wo man who gained her livelihood by selling eggs, and from the tenor of it we judge her brother must have erected the stone to her memory : Here lies the body of Mary M’Groyn, Who was so very pure within, She broke the outward shell of sin, And hatched herself a cherubim. N. B.—Her brother made of sterner stuff, Adds to her business that of snuff. To show how our oceau commerce Is dwind ling away, it must be stated that In 1853, out of a value of §530,000,000 carried to and from our domestic ports, only §131,000,000 went un der a foreign flag, whereas, iu 1857, out of §874,000,000 at all the ports, §577,000,000 were carried iu alien vessels, and last year the pro portion ugaiust us was still further Increased. Great joy was manifested, recently, by the miners at White Piue, over the birth of the first native of the region. They made up a purse of several thousand dollars iu silver bars and gave it to the pioneer in fant.