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The Republican journal. [volume] (Belfast, Me.) 1829-current, April 22, 1869, Image 1

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Farm, Garden, and Household.
< (>M>r< TEI> r.Y PUTNAM SIMONTON.
Our iriends who may have communications, ob
servations, facts, suggestions, or anything of interest,
pertaining to this department, are requested to column- ;
nioate the same to Dr. Putnam Simonton, Searsport, who '
w ill prepare the same lor publication, it of sufficient im- j
: ortance.
the rrnnisr.
Of all fruit, we know of none which, for the
cost, will pay a family so well to cultivate as
this old friend. It. is a native of the north of j
K'.trope; hence its hardiness. Corinth, Greece,
i’l'odui es a small grape nr raisin which, in the
dried state, are sold by our grocers under the
name of currants—being a corruption of the
word Corinth. Our berry, much resembling
this, takes its name, currant.
Nothing is easier of, and more benetltted by,
dtivatiot); but as generally left to struggle
along, it amounts to but little.
it has two modes of cultivation—the tree or
•-ingle stalk form, and the bush of many stalks;
and from good trials with both, we think the
1 vantages about equal.
The single stalk is made by cutting out all
.lie eyes or buds which go below ground ; for
■ is these underground buds which make al1
'lie ‘‘.suckers* or sprouts that come up. So
take a strong last year's sprout, cut out all the
buds from the lower end for six inches, and
s'iek that end three or four inches into the
ground, and can never grow into anything
but a single stalk bush The advantages of
this form are, there being no suckers to ex
haust the nourishment, It will bear more and
better fruit, and aifording cleaner cultivation,
• 'hug able to hoe around it as around a stake;
while, in the bush form, grass and weeds defy
all labor. II in the full llusli of its fruit, any
desire 1" see a greater show than a horse-race
or ai. elephant, they will lind it In the garden
• >i our neighbor, Mr. T. 1. Beals, Searsport,—
i" the shape of a single stalk currant bush, —'
the 'bilk four inches in diameter; the top cov
• ■ring a surface of 80 square feet, aad produc
ing Ti quarts yearly of luscious berries. This
mm has one disadvantage, the currant being
'li.mt lived, dying In about ten years, their fre
laeut renewal must be provided for, though
bis Is very little, trouble, as above shown.
file bush form, the one almost universally
ultlvatrd, renews itself too much, and so is
nearly wnrthli ss through lark of pruning. The
m -I productive 'talks are those three or four
years old. Hence the proper pruning is this :
in the fall, or, if then neglected, as early in the
spring as possible,—cut out all the old looking
wood, leaving to each hill three or four strong,
healthy looking stalks, older than last year’s
growth; for this does not bear till the third
year,—and from last year’s shoots, or suckers,
tit out all the small, feeble ones, leaving Hires
or four of the largest and best to each hill; in
,his way always giving only young and good
bearers, ami providing a sufficient number of
new ones to take their places. When the bear
ing stniks are tali and spindling, cut off three
or four inches of the tops, to throw the sap
into the lower branches where the largest and
best fruit grows.
Whichever method is adopted, good clean
cultivation s necessary : t he ground well stirred
wed early In the spring; a fair supply of old
•urn-dressing,-r in still'soli chip manure Ss ex
cellent,—although the warm soap-suds, old;
brine o, will do good service. As the cur
vin', loves cool and moist conditions, mulching
•! • ground under the bushes with sawdust,
heap hay or straw, adds greatly to the quan
tity uud quality of the fruit.
1 here is a great choice in the i-iudx. Most.;
people raise only the old fashioned little reds; '
but this bears about the same relation to the !
letter kinds as the wild cherry of the woods ■
iocs to the luscious garden ones. There arc I
many fancy and so dearer sorts, but the lied !
and White Dutch varieties are good enough—
the latter especially are twice as sweet as the
red, nearly as large and as good as small
grapes; hardy and great bearers. If you can
not get them hereabouts, send to .1. T. Wells.
Hawley St., Boston, Mass,, who will send
von the lied Dutch, 11 cts. each, §1.2a a doz
en White Dutch l.t els! each: Sl.no a dozen.
Hull a dozen bushes would supply a whole
neighborhood in a few years, so rapidly do they
multiply. Mr. Beals' large bush above spoken
of, Is the Red Dutch, aud is the best kind for
jellies and wine-making; hut for table use, and
tor eating purposes, give us the White Dutch.
noTiis.
To prevent evil is better than to cure it; and
imw i- just the time to prevent the great evils
which that savage little pest- -tiie clothes moth
-inflicts upon carpets, clothes, furs. X.c. Tiie
moth, or winged insect, appears in May, laying
in those articles its eggs, which in June hatch
into the larva, or caterpillar state,—in which
state, and not. in tiie fly form, it commits the
ravages. Tiie secret then is to get ahead of
t he moths tty preventing their access to the ar
ticles in season to prevent depositing their
eggs therein. For furs and all articles that can
he boxed up this is perfectly easy. Our meth
od is this, and for thirty years we have not seen
a moth, nor any oi his works : As early in Apr.
as possible, well clean the articles—-say furs—
tty beating with a whip-slick and well shaking
i:i tiie wind. Into a clean, tight dry goods box,
put a few red cedar chips, or small cedar boughs
when the chips are not to lie had, and a few
small pieces of gum camphor; put also a little
camphor and cedar into tiie sleigh robe, or
whatever the tiling is, which fold up solid and
put into the box, putting over it, as under it,
a layer of cedar and camphor; and so on, pack
ing ail the furs interspersed with those articles ;
nail on a tight cover, and wherever a crack or
the slightest hole can lie found, paste on a list
of paper; put tiie box Into a cool, dry, dark
place, and don’t touch or worry about it till
cold weather again calls for the tilings. Pre
pared with care in this way, for tiie smallest
and poorest piece of scrip wc will warrant a
tit 1000 worth of furs or cloths to come out in
the fall in perfect conditon, and much more
pleasantly odoriferous than a dandy.
For carpets in use, the camphor and cedar
put freely around the edges, and other exposed
places, we have found a perfect protection, but.
would not include them in the warrant.
Moths are often very destructive to the cloth
lining, of carriages, a high authority—Dr.
Harris, on Injurious Insects, says : “The cloth
lining oi carriages can lie secured forever from
the attacks of moths by being washed or spong
ed on both sides with a solution of the cor
rosive sublimate of mercury in alcohol, made
just strong enough not to leave a white stain
oil a black feather.”
To Obscure Window Taxes. If one ounce!
of powdered gum tragaeanth, in the white of
six eggs, well beaten, be applied to a window,
It will prevent the rays of the sun from pene
trating.
Bread Tcddinc. Take two large slices of
bread, crumb it into two quarts of milk; let
it stand until soaked so that it may be jambed
up line; adil three eggs; one large coit'ee-oup
of sugar; a small lump of butter- one nut
meg; bake one hour.
see that the TOOLS AWE IX OH
DEB.
In a few weeks active operations will have
been commenced. The cart may need repair
ing, the ploughs and harrows new points and
new teeth. Now is the time to have them put
in thorough condition, as well as all other tools
that will tie needed. Overhaul them at once
and see that they are ready for use. “Time is
money,” and every farmer should be prepared
to make the best possible use of it when spring
opens, which cannot be done if the tools are
not repaired before they are wanted.
There are many other things which wil* no
cur to the thoughtful farmer, that need look
ing after now. Plans for the coming season
should be determined upon, and suitable help
secured to carry them out. Seeds should be
prepared, and in fact there are innumerable
things that may be attended to now, which
would materially relieve the pressure incident
to the spring’s work.
To Imitate Rosewood. Take half a pound
of red sanders and the same weight of log
wood and boil them in one gallon of water for
one hour, then strain the liquid through a cloth
and add half an ounce of aiuni, in powder and
stir until dissolved. This stain is now to be
applied hot to the wood, with a sponge, and it
makes the reddish tinge of rosewood. When
dry, the dark stain for the blackish streaks is
made with a liquid obtained by boiling one
pound of logwood for an hour in the same
quantity of water as the above, and using it in
the same manner. The dark stain can be made
jet-black by adding a quarter of an ounce of
copperas to the pure logwood stain. [Jour.
Chemistry.
Ink i rom Er.DF.ii. V.'e learn from Witt
stein’s Mntiljahre&schtift that an excellent per
manent black ink may be made from the com
mon elder. The bruised berries are placed in
an part; u vessel and kept in a warm place for
three days, and then pressed out and filtered.
The filtered juice is of such an intense color
that it takes 200 parts of water to reduce it to
tiie shade of dark red wine. Add to 12 1-2 parts
of this filtered juice, one ounce ot sulphate of
iron and the same quantity of pyroligenous
acid, and an ink is prepared which, when first
used, lias the color of violet, but when dry is
indigo blue black. This ink is superior in some
respects to that prepared with galls. It does
not become thick so soon; it flows easier from
the pen without gumming; and in writing, the
letters do not run into one another. [.Tour,
Chemistry.
Mode of Dividinc; Glass. The following
plan, to break a bottle or jar across its circum
ference, so as to form a battery cup, or vessel
for other purposes, may be of some service to
your readers. I have performed the operation
successfully many times. Place the bottle in
a vessel of water, to the height where it is de
signed to break it; also, fill the bottle to the
same level. Now pour coal-oil, inside and out,
oil the water; cut a ring of paper, fitting the
bottle. Saturate with alcohol or benziue, so
that it touches the oil. Pour, also, some inside
the bottle. Set on tire; the cold water pre
vents the glass from heating below its surface,
while the expansion caused by the heat will
break the vessel on the water line. j_.I. T. Reet;
Scientific American.
Facts in Fruit Cui.tutk. Dr. Trimble, of
New .lersey, a successful fruit culturist, gives
the following as tbe result of bis experience
in destroying the pests of the orchard : 1. That
the most successful way to conquer the cureu
lio is to gather the fruit as it falls, and feed It
to stock or destroy it, as it is by this fallen fruit
that the eurculio propagates its species, 2.
That the fruit of the apple tree may be protect
ed from the apple-tree moths by wrapping
around each tree two or three times a rope
made of straw. The moths will harbor in this
rope, and can then be destroyed, d. That the
only way to kill the peach-tree borer is to cut
it out with a knife, not only once in a season,
but to follow it up every two weeks until ex
terminated. After tbe first going over of an
orchard, this will be little or no trouble, as
each tree can be attended to.
What Slacked Lime Will Do. A thrifty
farmer, who “believes in making old tilings
last In these times,’’ says • “There Is one tiling
that nearly everybody knows, and hardly any
body attends to—that is, to sprinkle lime on
their roofs once a year, either in fall or spring.
If flie shingles are covered ever so thick with
moss, the lime soon clears it oil’ leaving the
roof clean and white, and good for a dozen
years longer. It ought to be put on very thick,
and a rainy day is best for the work. Strong
wood ashes will answer almost as well, to keep I
old roots in repair, hut tliey will not look as
nice. To make new shingles last three or four
times the usual period, they need only to be
soaked a few days in a tank half-full of thick
lime water, which must be stirred tip well be
fore the shiugles are put in.”
A Groat Cuban Expedition Fitting Out.
Nr:u i uh lan's, April s. (Now York Herald
special. - An expedition is now fitting out in
this city which will lie of Iho most formidable
character, and which the Government, if it de
sires to maintain its popularity and retain the
a flections oi the people, had better not inter
fen- witn any further than merely to make a
show of good faith toward the Spanish Gov
ernment. The progress of the expedition may
be retarded by oilicial interference, but it can
not be stopped. There are men at the head of
it and men at the beck of it who never say fail,
and those who are in the secret look forward
to certain success and beneficial results.
“Cuba must be free”is the watchword of the
expeditionists, and they will not stop until the
command becomes a fact. That such men as
Francis P. Blair and Gen. Steedman arc deep
in the movement is no secret here, and is com
mon talk. That the steamship Cupa, one of
the fastest vessels that ever crossed the Gulf
of Mexico, has been secured for the initiatory
service is equally well known. The Cuba is
now probably in Baltimore, she having left
Havana on the 1st inst. for that port. She is
comparatively a new vessel, and is well and
strongly built. She is over one thousand tons
burthen, and is fully able to carry 1200 to 1500
men to any part oi the coast of the Island in
whose honor she is named. Those who are
contributing time and money to the enterprise
say that they have no fear of Government in
terference, as they had arranged matters to
their satisfaction on that score before they
commenced the job. A few days will develop
the details, and the public can then talk over
the matter, while the Cuba, with a formidable
armament and well found In men, Is steaming
for the struggling patriots.
We were tolil a story a few days since
which we do not remember to have seen in
print, and which we thing is fair. Deacon
B., of Ohio, a very pious man, was noted
for his long prayers, especially in the family.
One morning the deacon and his wife were
alone, and as was usual custom after break
fast a prayer was offered. There being an
unusual amount of work that day, the
Deacon’s prayer was short. He seized his
hat and milk pail and started for the barn.
His wife being very deaf, did not notice his
abseuce, but supposed him to be still engag
ed in prayer. On his return from milking
he was surprised to sec her still kneeling.
He stepped up to her and shouted “Amen,"
when she immediately arose and went about
her work as though nothing had happened.
A Louisville paper has some answers to
correspondents. Here is a sample : “Jenny
—Ministers are not more addicted to dis
sipation then men of other professions. A
few of the Kalloch and Wheeler stripe take
gin toddies and liberties with females—but
the great majority of them are as good as
lawyers and doctors. If you want a true
Christian, marry an editor.”
Archie’3 Promise.
“You will uot forget me, Archie, when
you arc among those beautiful ladies, will
you:1” said the pretty girl, who stood with
her plump arm on the garden gate, aud her
eyes uplifted to tlie tall young gentleman
on the other side.
“Forget you, darling ! Why should 1 ?
Haven't I spent my whole lifetime among
these city ladies of whom you speak? Ah,
Letty, you do not know me !”
She looked up and held her lips for a
kiss.
“Forgive me, Archie. But if you should
forget me it would kill me : 1 could not live
without you.”
Aud thus they parted.
They had met but a few months before.
He, a handsome and polished gentleman ;
she, a simple, beautiful county maiden.
They loved. He, with tiie passion of a man
whose heart was world-hardened and care
less—-she, with all a woman’s trust aud
strength.
“I will never forget you, my own Letty !”
The words rang a sweet music in her ear,
and kept back the loneliness which threat
ened to overwhelm her. He went forth with
them upon his lips, and remembered them
until the busy metropolis, and its thousand
cares and joys, came to shut them from his
memory.
The first letter he sent her was long and
full of pathos and love. The second short
er, and yet teuder aud loving. The third,
still shorter and business-like. The fourth,
well, there never was a fourth. All this
while sweet Letty Gray worked on as busy
as a bee and waited with patience for the
letters which were to-be her life. -She read
them as they came, and treasured them up
in the little mahogany box, together with
his picture which he had given her ; and
night after night, in the solitude of the little
room, she sat aud read the them over and
over again, and kissed them through her
tears.
All, Archie Eardley, you little know the
wealth of love which lay stored within that
pure sinless heart for you ' Had you but
known, methinks you would have turned
back from the bustling life, aud gathered
her in your : rrr,s aud kept her there for
ever.
Bill lie knew not. Life had been rough
and beset with difficulties ; aud disappoint
ment had made him cold and selfish. Per
haps iu early life he had loved as she now
loved, aud had been grievously disheart
ened. If not, it was something that had
blighted his best .feelings and made him
false.
tolia waited ijntil her heart grew sick, hut
no sign or word from him , and r,t last she
took the mahogany box aud its cherished
contents, aud hid them away, burying her
love with it.
* * £
A tired, world-weary man was Archie
Eardley eight years later, when again his
foot pressed his native soil, aud his heart
more hard and selfish than when lie left his
little Lelty Gray that Summer morning at
the cottage gate.
lie had wandered through Europe uutil
its scenes of interest grew dull and mean
ingless, aud his heart yearned for his native
laud. Aud jet what was there to greet him?
Nothing. Neither home, father, mother,
sister, brother, wife, or love.
Something brought back the old collage,
the fair-haired girl, who waved her hand
to him from the gate aud blessed him as lie
went. It might have been far different had
lie heeded aud cared for her.
“It might have been!”
The beautiful lines of Whittier’s poem
came up to memory :
“01 nil s;ul words ill tongue or pea.
The saddest are these: It might have been.”
Yes. There might have been a wife aud
home for him. But, alas ! it was too late
aud there was nothing left but the bitter
knowledge of his own folly.
He was weary, and he turned his face
toward the city, aud found at least a wel
come from some distant relatives.
“You will go^o-night to Mrs. Berkley’s
reception, won’t you, Archie?” asked his
pretty cousin, Mrs. Watson. “It will he a
grand affair, and all the first people will he
there. I have many celebrities to show you.
You must see Mrs. Vavasour. She is the
belle of our circle this Winter.”
“Is she handsome?”
“Superb ! Beautiful i Everybody is crazy
about her. I doubt much, coz, if even iu
your wide travels you ever met a woman
more lovely.”
“I have seen many fair women.”
“You will pronounce her queen of all.
Mr. Wylde, who but lately returned from a
Continental tour, saj-s he never beheld a
women so beautiful. Promise me that you
will go and see her.”
“1 will go to the reception, for I want to
meet my old friends.”
lie had been iu crowds until he hated
them ; hut the elegant saloons, their heavy
perfume-ladened air, the brilliant dresses,
the sparkle of jewels, and above all, the
many dear familiar faces, charmed him for
the time, and he remained contented aud at
ease.
It was late ; and heated with danciug, he
drew his partner, who was an old friend, to
a divan near the window, and sat chatting
with her of the bygone days, when sudden
ly there was a low murmur near him.
A voice said : “See, here comes Mrs.
Vavasour ! What perfect a beauty !”
“Mr. Eardley,” whispered his compan
ion. “Look, there is Mrs. Vavasour!”
He looked in the direction indicated, and
his heart beat wildly at the sight.
It was a woman, with a face of marble
whiteness, save where a faint tinge of pink
crept in aud dyed it with a roseate glow ;
and a pair of large liquid blue eyes, fringed
by curling lashea, of wondrous length and
beauty. Her rippling hair swept back in
golden waves from the broad brow, and was
half confined by a tiara of diamonds. The
month, tender, proud, aud womanly, was
wreathed in smiles, aud thus revealed the
pure, white teeth within. Her dress—a rich
blue velvet—was made low to display the
exquisite shoulders ; aud the white, beauti
fully rounded arms were bare to the should
er.
A mist floated before his eyes ; and, in
stead of this glorious woman and the bril
liant ball-room, there came a little vine-em
bowered cottage, alow white fence, a wicket
gate, aud a trusting girl waving him a sad
good-bye. Again, he was leaning over her,
j saying, “I will uevef forget you, ray own
I Letty !”
Ah, how poorly he had kept that promise 1
; IIow many a weary day of forgetfulness
had passed ! But with this queenly woman
came back the old love aud Letty Gray,
lie knew her, notwithstanding the change.
“Who was she?” asked his companion.
“1 know not. 1 believe she is a distant
(relative of Mrs. Berkley’s, aud I thiug the
rich Mr. Vavasour met her here. There are
| stories of the marriage being one of con
venience. It is hard telling, for they ap
pear happy.”
; She swept past him with her proud hus
band ; aud her jewels flashed so close to
Archie’s eyes, that he turned his head, aud
with it hid the sorrow in his face.
He could not silence the cry which came
tip froiq his heart; aud it was upon his lips
(tor days afterward :
“Letty lost, beautiful Letty.’’
The Volunteer Counsel.
John Taylor was liQgused, when a youth
of twenty-one, to practise at the bar. I^e
was poor, but well educated, and possessed
extraordinary genius.
Ou the math of April, 1610, the court
house in Clarksville, Texas, was crowded to
overflowing. An exciting case was about
to he tried. Cleo. Hopkins a wealthy plan
ter, had offered a grcss insult to Mary Elli
son, the young and beautiful wife of his
overseer. The husband threatened to chas
tise him for the outrage, when Hopkins
went to Ellison’s house and shot him in his
door. The murderer was arrested and bail-!
ed to answer the charge. This occurrence
produced great excitement, and Hopkins,
in order to turn the tide of popular indig
nation, had circulated reports against the
character of Mrs. Etllisou, and she had ait-!
ed him for slander. Both suits were pend-j
iug, for murderamd slander.
The interest became deeper when it was j
kuown that Ashley and Pike, of Arkansas, j
and S. S. Prentiss, of New Orleans, by
enormous fees, had been retained to de
fend Ilopkitts. In the murder case, Hopkins
was acquitted. The Texas lawyers were
overwhelmed by their opponents. It was a
light of dwarfs ag&iqst giants. The slan
der suit was set down for the 9th of April,
and the throng of spectators grew in num
ber as well as excitement. Public opinion
was setting in for Hopkins. Ilis money had
procured witnesses who served his advo
cates. When the ease was called, Mary
Ellison was left without an attorney : all
had withdrawn.
“Have you no counsel?” inquired .judge
Mills, looking kindly at the plaintiff.
“Islo, sir, they have all deserted ivte, and ]
am too poor to employ others,"’ replied the
beautiful Mary, bursting into tears.
“In such a case, will not some chival
rous member of the profession volunteer ?”
said the judge, glancing around the har.
The thirty lawyers were silent.
“I will, your honor,” said a voice from
the thickest part of the crowd outside the
bar.
At the sound of that voice many started,
it was so unearthly, sweet and mournful.
But the first sensation was changed into
laughter, when a tall, gaunt, and spectral
figure elbowed his way through the crowd,
and placed himself within the har. Ilis
clothes looked so shabby that the court hes
itated to let the ease proceed under his man
agement.
“lias your name bean entered on the
rolls of the har of the State ?” demanded the
judge.
“It is immaterial,’’answered the stranger,
liis thin, bloodless lip curling up with a
sneer. “Here is a liceuse from the highest
tribunal in America 1” and he handed the
judge a broad parchment. The trial went
on.
lie suffered the witnesses to tell their
own story, and he allowed the defence to
lead on. Ashley spoke first, followed by
Pike and Prentiss. The latter brought the
house down with cheers in which the jury
joined.
It is now the stranger’s turn. He rises
j before the bur, not behind it, and so near the
wondering jury that he might touch the
foreman with his long, bony linger. He
proceeded to tear to pieces the arguments
of Ashley, which melted away at his touch
like frost before the sun. Every one look
ed surprised. Anon he came to the dazzling
wit of the poet lawyer, Pike. Then the
curl of his lip grew sharper, and his smooth
face began to kindle up, and his eyes to open
dim and dreamy no longer, but vivid as
lightning and red as fire-globes. Ilis whole
soul was in his eyes ; his full heart pouring
out of them. And without an allusion to
Prentiss, he turned short around on the
perjured witnesses of Hopkins, tore their
testimony into shreds, and hurled in their
faces such terrible invectives that they trem
bled in their seats, and two of them fled
from the court-house. The exeiemeut of
the crowd was becoming uncontrollable.
Their united life and soul seemed to hang
upon the burning tongue of the stranger
who was overwhelming them with the pow
er of his terrible indignation. He held the
whole audience spell-bound. But his great
est triumph was to come.
His eyes began to glance at the assassin
Hopkins, and his lean taper fingers assum
ed the same direction. He hemmed the
wretch with a wall of strong evidence and
iupregnable argument, cuttingoff all hope of
escape. He dug beneath the murderer’s
feet ditches of dilemma, and held the slan
derer lip to the scorn and contempt of the
court. He girt him about with a circle of
fire, and then stripped himself to the work
of massacre.
Oh, then it was both glorious and dread
ful to behold the orator! His actions be
came as impetuous as the motion of the oak
in a hurricane. His voice became a trum
pet filled with wild whirlwinds, deafening
the ear with the crashes of power, yet in
termingled all the while with a sweat under
tone of the softest cadence. His forehead
glowed like a heated furnace, his counte
nance was haggard, like that of a maniac,
and ever and anon he flung his long bony
arms on high as if graspiug after thunder
bolts to hurl at his miserable victim.
He drew a picture of murder in such ap
palling colors that in comparison hell itself
might be considered beautiful. He paint
ed the slanderer so black that the sun seem
ed dark at noonday, when shining on such
an accursed monster; and fixing both por
traits on the shrinking Hopkins, fastened
them there forever. The agitation of the
audience amounted almost to madness.
All at once the speaker descended from
the perilous height. His voice wailed out
for the murdered dead and living—the beau
tilul Mary, more beautiful every moment
as her tears flowed faster—till men wept
and sobbed like children.
He closed by a strange exhortation to the
jury, and through them to the bystanders.
He advised the panel, after they should
briug iu a verdict, not to offer violence to
the defendant, however riolily he deserved
it; in other words, “not to lynch the villain,
but leave his punishment with God.”
This was the most artful of all, and best
calculated to insure vengeance.
The jury returned a verdict of fifty thou
sand dollars; and the night afterwards,
Hopkius was taken out of hod and beaten
almost tq death.
As the court adjourned, the stranger
said : “John Taylor will preach here this
evening at early candle-light.”
He did preach, and the house was crowd
ed. I have listened to Clay, Webster aud
Calhoun, to Dwight, Bascom find Beecher,
hut never heard anything in the form of
sublime words even remotely approxima
ting to the eloquence of John Taylor—mas
sive as a mountain, and wildly rushing as a
cataract of fire,
A Congressman Hunted Down.
! Washington Correspondence Clucinunti Commercial.]
I was at work iu my room yesterday,
when a tall specimen of upright humanity
stalked in,
“Are you D- B-?” it asked.
Since entering upon my vocation of cor
respondent—I mean a truthful, independent
correspondent- I regard that question with
suspicion. I quietly reached out, and in
a careless, graceful manner put my right
hand on a paper weight of a few pounds,
made of “black diamond homogeneous cast
steel, bent cold,” for the use of the learned
Committee on Commerce, and regarded my
visitor closely.
He was a man of about fifty-six, with
bald head, curious sharp Ijttlq eyes, and un
decided ucse, and chin that retreated into
a paper collar. His clothes were of what
we call store goods in the Far West, and
had evidently exhausted the genius of a vil
lage tailor. His legs were slender and
shaky, uot from age, but from a habit of
never straightening them at the knee. I
said to myself, this is not a fightist. lie
shuffles though life. He has shuffled iulo
office. So I released ray hold on the paper
weight, and boldly responded :
“That is my name, sir.”
1 am Air.-, member of Congress
from-. I have read your letters. Mr.
-, the editor of our paper, told me to
look you up.”
“I am glad to know you, sir. Take a
seat. What can I do for you?”
“I want some passes,” he said earnestly,
seating himself.
“What sort of passes?”
“Railroad,”
“I fear I cannot help you iu that way,
Mr.——. I had a pass for myself and fam
ily from the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad,
hut because, iu return for the compliment,
I said the President had a locomotive iu In’s
belly, T am cut off. But why do you want
passes? Are you preparing to run away?”
“I wish I could,” he answered sadly. “I
wish I could. No, that is not it. I am run
down by office seekers from my district.
They pile in on me at my boarding house.
I have been sleeping every night on my
bedroom floor. They follow me about,
and chase me down. They have smoked
all my cigars and drank up all my whiskey,
and now they are getting out of money and
want to borrow. I heard where to find you ;
I made an excuse to go iuto an alley, and I
ran away. A police officer thought I was
a thief, and ran after me. I told him I was
a member of Congress, running from the
office-seekeis. He said that was rough, and
let me go. There is one—a woman—worse
than all the rest. She wants the best post
office I have. What in the infernal jinks
does Grant mean by setting such an exam
ple? All the females iu my district are
writing to me, and t ,vo hundred will be
here, somehow, if we don’t repeal this fool
lisli law and fill the offices. This woman
torments my life out; and yet, if I give
her the office, I won’t dare go home. She
follows me up like Satan. I can’t sleep, I
can’t put on a clean shirt, she hops iu on
me so unexpected. Now, if I had a railroad
pass.”
uHow would that help you?”
“I believe, if I could say to her, I cau’t
give you au office, but here is a railroad
pass, she’d take it and go. But, Lord love
you, I want a hundred. They’re getting
out of money, I tell you, and if I only had
’em. Now, can you help me? You news
paper men always have lots of passes.
The editor in our town hasn’t paid railroad
fare for more’n twenty years.”
I had to assure my poor f riend that I
really could not help him. I suggested to
him to get a sign painted, “Small pox in
this house,” and put it up over his door.
“Pooh,” he cried, “do you suppose they’d
care for that? Every bloody one of ’em
would get vaccinated, and work iu on me.
Cholera would not keep 'em off. 1 wisli I’d
been sunk in eternal thunder before I con
sented to come to Congress. Consented !
I worked like a mule for it. It cost me
all of 6800—more fool I. What can I do !
My neighbors and constituents wanted a
national dog law, for the better protection
of sheep, and to raise the price of wool.
Why it would take a fellow two years to
learn the rules, and I don’t think I could do
a hooter. But cuss these office-seekers.”
“You are safe on the floor, however.”
“Devil a bit. They get around the doors
and send iu their names. They ruu up in
the gallery, to see if I’m there, and then
down they come. I hid in the barber shops
every day for a week before they found me
out and then Littlebaug, who wants to be
minister to Europe, wrote home to the pa
pers and said I had been made standing
committee on hair.”
How long my friend would have contin
ued his lamentations I cannot say, but he
was interrupted by an arrival of sixteen of
his friends, and left very dejected. D, P.
“ I say, Sam, if I tells you a lie, why is
dat like my olo arm chair?” “I doesn’t
see de resemblance, Pete.” Wall, look
yere ; cos it’s de seat dat I use.
Life Among the Cannibals.
From the Now York Time., :id.
A remarkable man recantly arrived in tlic City of
New York, loaded with irons and charged with the
crane ot mutiny. His name is Wni. H. Starr. He
was born in Rochester. New York, about fifty
years aao. He was sent to school in his early
years, but not liking books, lie ran away when
nine years of age, and making his wav across the
State to Mvstic, on the Sound, managed to hoard a
vessel, then just about to sail for Havre, France,
and so was carried awav across the Atlantic On
reaching Havre, he again ran away, because lie
teared the Captain would restore him to his friends
on returning to the United Slates. He got a berth
on board a stcamei plying on the Seine between
Rouen and Havre. Here he was ill treated, ana
finally left and went ashore. He then shipped on
a Swedish ship, and made a cruise in the Baltic
bea. Thence lie went on hoard a Russian brig:
thence on a trait vessel to the Mediterranean, He
returned on a vessel to America, and finally ar
rived at isew York, whence he .shipped to Ilono
11 G? Vven* on a whaling voyage to the
sea of Okhotsk; thence to Kodiak and New Zea
land, and finally to the Marquesas Lslands
This was thirty years ago. On arriving at the
Marquesas, he found living there, among the na
tives, a sailor with whom ho had been formerlv
acquainted, aud who p-rsuaded him also to come
and live a free hte among the savages. He agreed
to do so, and took up his abode among them. He
has continued to live with Cbem until within the
last two years, and has acquired a most intimate
know!edge ot the languages of this remarkable va
riety of mankind, their manners and customs, and
all the strange passions aud superstitions that form
the moving springs of their wild life
The natives quickly discovered the value of
ms knowledge, and gave him a prominent posi
tion in their community. Oitahu, where he dwelt,
is a small island of the Marquesas group, eontaiu
ftbout two thousand inhabitants. These are
divided into three kingdoms or clans, occupying
dine re lit districts, but always preserving strictly
amicable relations with one another, and consider
mg themselves as one family. The kings or chiefs
ot these clans are. independent of each other, but
unite their forces in any war against the natives of
the surrounding islands, Starr was adopted by one
of the kings as his sou, and was always accorded
princely honors. He always ate with the princi
pal chiefs, aud had fourteen youths appointed to
act as his servants. The Marquesas valued him on
accouut of the services he was ah c to render them
m negotiating sales of fruit, figs, poultry, &c , to
the various ships which came t > the Hands, He
procured for them munv axes, eniscls, knives, and
other implements, Iron, in tact, has now become
indispensable to the natives, since they have lost
the faculty of shaping and even using the stone
hatchets and knives which were formerly their
only tools,
CANNIBALISM,
The Marqnesuus are tall, finely tin-mod men. of
a dark, copper color, agile, and very courageous.
The women are slender, and much shorter than the
men. They are inveterate cauuibals, and this not
from necessity, but because they prefer human tlesli
tj any other kind of food, 'flic bread-fruit grows
in immense quantities in all the islands, without
trouble of cultivation, and the natives can gather
what they please. Tiiere are also great quant ities
of bananas, pme apples, boova, taro, and other
tropical vegetables, which grow wild, These is
lands are frequented by wild pigeons in prodigious
numbers, and there are pi-nty of wild gears and
wild pigs. The seas abound with fish, which the
natives catch by stupefying them with a narcotic
drug and then hoisting them rapidly into their ca
noes. Tliis drug is called avasa, and is prepared
by the natives from a small plant growing in differ
ent parts ot the islands. Nature, indeed, has been
lavish in her gifts to these beautiiul regions. And.
therefore it is not want, but actual relish for man's
flesh, that tempts them to these dismal feasts. It
appears that they have a human banquet about
once a week. The victims are the prisoners taken
in the numerous forays which the islander ■ make
upon one another These unfortunates are slain,
their bodies are stuffed with sweet-scented herbs,
and then roasted upon hot stones. Tu»v are cov
ered over with more ot these leaves and hot stones,
apparently, from the description, much utter the
plan of cooking clams at a clam-bake, and finally,
when cooked, are eater, at the public feast. Starr
says that be did all he could to persuade the people
to forego these horrid practices; but though they
are willing enough to obey him in other tilings,
they decline to follow his advice in this On one
occasion, he says, they had prepared for a feast of
man’s flesh, and as lie had a great horror of the
whole affair, he went off’ to the mountains t > hunt.
While he was on the mountains a schooner arrived
in the bay. It was the Sea Witch, commanded by
Capt. Chapman, who had formerly been American
Vice Consul at Raiotca, The Capita’ll came ashore
to see Starr and trade with him for fruits, & •. lie
ascended from the rocky shore, and walking thro’
the little town, came straight to the public square
when the cannibal feast was at its height. A native,
knowing the purpose for which lie had landed,
came forward and taking him by tire arm. pointed
out Starr’s hut, and tried.to make him unde .-rand
that he should wait there while they sent a boy af
ter the absent white chief. The ('aptain, however,
seeing the nature of the direful festivities then in
progress, began to he much alaruma. He doubted
what these singular gesticulations could mean; be
ing a fat, healthy man, a li irrid suspicion began to
tiugle beneath the roots of his hair; he released
himself from the grasp of the natives at a bound,
and rusnmg off’ at the top of his speed, never stop
ped until he reached his boat, wnieh he caused the
men to force with pretty rapid strokes through the
water until thev came alongside the schooner. Starr
afterward met the Captain in Raiotea, and he told
him that he had never been so much frightened in
tlie course of his life.
RELIGION,
As to religion, the lUarquesaus appear to he Spir
itualists of the most advanced kind. They do not,
it is true, believe in a Supreme Spirit; rior have
they any notionsof religious worship,but for them
all nature is the domain of spirits. They say.
“ spirits are all around us, only we cannot see
them.” Could the Dodwortb Hall spiritualists be
more explicit? They have remarkably clever me
diums, too—” Taboomen,” as thev are called, wiio,
as is sometimes the casein New York, arrive to
great wealth and dignity in the exercise of their
profession, If a Chief dies, it is considered com
plimentary to ask his spirit to communicate a little
news legarding the unseen world. Accordingly
the medium is called, and an interesting scene of
mingled incantation and spiritual entreaty (oilo.vs;
the medium gets fearfully exeiied, and finally de
livers his ghostly intelligence amid the solemn
wonder ot his auditors.
THE DEAD.
They do not eat their dead friends, but hang
litem up in the sacred enclosure, until the body is
thoroughly dried. The skull is carefully preserved
as an heirloom in the family. The rest of the re
mains are left to take their chance. It is a mark of
quality to possess a great number of skulls; and
when the islanders attack the town of another tribe
their most eager desire is to rifle the houses of ah
the skulls they contain. These are borne off in
triumph and added to their own private eoilection
of erani.
CLOTHING, ETC.
ThP9e people wear very little clothing. What
thev have is made of a material called tapa. It is
manufactured from the hark of a tree, heuten or
pounded with stones to anv required thickness.
Some of it is made as thin as the tinest muslin.
Very trequ ntly they wear a simple drapery of
leaves. Their lints are b lilt with a few upright
posts, arid are then thatched with leaves. Tne
floors are covered with mats, in the weaving, or
plaiting, of which they display admirable skill.
Some of the mats are plaited with a thousand
strands. The strands are made cf different de
grees of firmness or coarseness, according to the
quality of the material required. Their utensils
are mostly large sea shells and coeoanuts. Of
course they have no cooking implements of metal.
The only other manufacture they essay is the hol
lowing out of logs to form canoes and the carving
of paddles.
POLYGAMY.
Polgamy is extensively practiced among the
Marquesans. Starr had fourteen regular wives
upon Oitahu, besides several assistant wives oil
the adjacent islands. Ii one chief wishes to com
mend himself favorably to another, he makes him
a present of his daughter, or even one of his own
wives. As has already been stated, the girls are
mostly married at a very early age. The marriage
of a girl of eight years is very common, and a
much younger child is frequently piesented to the
person of whom she is at a future period to become
the wife. Sometimes the chiefs give awav their
wives, while yet virgins, to others.
STARR’S RETURN HOME.
Among this singular race of people Starr tarried,
and made laws, and dispensed justice for nearly
thirty years. He made frequent voyages among
the Marquesas, Society, Friendly and Navigator
Islands, and was intimate with most of their chiefs.
Two years ago his longing to revisit his native land
became so intense that be shipped in the only craft
he could find, a German brig for Hamburg, reach
ed there a year ago last Christmas, went thence to
Liverpool, lost all his money, sailed for San Fran
cisco to fill his pockets and escape the unendurable
cold, and in July last shipped for New York as a
common sailor on hoard the Volunteer. The Cap
tain was a mean and tyrannical officer, and when
the Volunteer landed at Mazatlan to take in her
cargo of logwood he drove the mate ashore, took
In ahundred days’ provisions of the ni09t miserable
character, and started on a six month’s voyage.
His three principal officers were mere striplings,
ignorant of navigation. The boatswain in particu
Jar was a highly sdpercilious youth, and one day
l!?!L H,a-Ptim ordefed Starr to do some little duty
that this boatswain had shirked. He did not un
derstand at first, and the order was angrily repeat
ed, when he instantly obeyed. “ Look out, Starr ”
whispered one ot his mates, “ the Captain will be
uloul of you directly.” “ He'd better be afoul of
some of these gentlemen that are too proud to do
their duty,” responded Starr. For this independ
ent re mar a the Captain ordered him in irons
which Starr vehemently resisted, but being ulti
mately overpowered, was forced to submit. He
was cm fined in a wretched hole, not more thin
three feet high, and seems to have been very erucl
ly treated. On the arrival of the Volunteer in the
P°rt °i New York, he was taken before the United
s ates Commissioner on a charge of mutiny, bat
rejeased on $500 bail. He immediately went to
S*8r?' bnnih and Rowan, attordeys, jfo. 4 New
nS"8'? reet’ aud stat«l his ( use. These gen
rnS’„ a,great deal of euriositv, took the
lef<al counsel for the defence,
and are prepared to contest the case very thorough
■|, .U {),™l.i:‘ble’ however, that the whole affair
(V i I be settled without trial, and that Stair will be
at liberty to return at an early dav to his Marque
san friends, and spend the remainder of his davs
as King of the Cannibal Isiands.
The Mansard, or French Hoof.
This kind of roof is no w so fashionable,
and also so seusible that we are glad to
find its history.
People who have had recent occasion to
visit the leading cities of the country will
have noticed the extent to which the style
of roof called the Mansard roof is gaining
ground. Now buildings are very general
ly supplied with this roof, and the roof ol
old buildings are being demolished to be
replaced by it. I11 Portland, Maine, the
burnt district swept by the great lire has
been rebuilt by line structures so uniformly
crowned by the Mansard roof that the place
lias very jnueh the look ol a Fieueli city ;
with this exception, that the roof as used
in this country lacks the balustrade used
generally in these roofs by liie French.
The robf, variously known by the titles,
Crib roof, Fret eh roof, and Mansard roof,
was the invention of a celebrated French
architect of the name of Francois Mansard,
who was horu in Paris in ln98. It is re
lated of him that his idiosyncracy was such
that in practice, aiming at the most abso
lute perfection, lie was constantly altering
his most elaborate and masterly designs,
aud often actually tearing down what was
already so well done as to be almost un
surpassable. This peculiarity prevented
him from being entrusted with the super
vision of the erection of buildings upon bis
own designs. It is related that Anne of
Austria took from bis hands the erection
of Abbey of Val de Grace alter it bad
reached the first story, lest he should alter
his superb designs for that structure, and
pull down what had already gone up.
I lie Mansard roof has undergone many
modifications siucc its invention in the six
teenth century, The original form as first
introduced was generally one story, but oc
casionally of two more stories in height.
In the latter case the upper stories in it
were constantly lower iu proportion, as
cendiug towards the peak of the roof : and
the windows were small dormers, not much
better than loop-boles, meant for a glim
mering light in, aud the ventilation of,
stowage chambers, or mere loft. The
'lower story iu the roof, that is the first
story above the main body of tlie structure,
was always equal to aud quite as desirable
as either of tho.se immediately beneath it.
I'he form and construction of these old
Fennell roofs are always such as to sarnie
a plumb or perpendicular wall within the
rooms, with a very trilling loss of space,
the inclination from a vertical line, in the
entire altitude of a store, being scarcely
more than the thickness of the walls.
This ancient style of the Mansard has
been improved and modified to the point
of combining great architectural beauty,
externally, with economy of space and
neatness of finish internally. Departing
from the original idea of an additional
range of rooms with horizontal ceiling and
walls iPaplomb this root is now frequently
carried up in the same material as forms
the walls, with highly finished balustrades,
ike. The smaller windows are oval and
sometimes round, with exterior loop-holes
tor ornament. The chimney stacks, car
ried up to a considerable height, are usu
ally a marked feature of the Parisian mod
ern Mansard roof. Slate is commonly em
ployed for the covering, with tin tor all
gutters aud weathering. Balustrades, as
elsewhere mentioned, are seldom omitted
iu these roofs by the French. This, one
of the most salient and indispensable char
acteristics, is entirely overlooked in most
of the Mansards iu this country. It has
been introduced on some of the Mansard
roofs in this city in its less elaborate forms
with good effect, [Washington Star.
A Daring Feat. An occurrence took
place in Augusta, April 10, of a somewhat
remarkable character.
A young man by the name of Charles
Marston advertised that lie would sail over
the Augusta dam between the hours ut two
aud three o’clock, this P. M.
As the river owing to the recent rains,
aud has of late been very high, the propos
ed feat created quite an excitement. At
the appointed time a large concourse of
people had assembled on both hanks of the
river, to witness the daring exploit. Mar
sion soon after started from the main dam,
iu a small wherry, steering with a com
mon paddle, the current soon took the boat
aud he was propelled through the water
with considerable speed, until he arrived
at the edge of the dam when he shot over
with fearful velocity.
As the boat went over, Marston flung
himself nearly on his face, clinging to the
sides, aud in that position both man and
boat disappeared iu the boiling surge be
low, hut almost instantly reappeared, aud
rode safely out iu the stream ainid cheers
of the crowd. A collection had been taken
up, and the venturesome young raftsman,
having made a bet of some on the suc
cess of his exploit, felt himself amply re
warded. Marston is a young man of about
twenty years of age, and very small. The
bight of the Fall is some HO feet. [Port -
land Advertiser.
[jjp’ A recent writer says it is surprising
how infectious tears are at a wedding.
First of all, the bride cries because she is
o-oin" to be married : and then of course
O O
the bridesmaids cry, perhaps because they
are not; and the fond mamma cries because
she’ll lose her d-d-darling; and then the
fond papa cries because he thinks it proper ;
and then all the ladies, as a rule, will never
miss a chance of crying ; and then, perhaps,
the groomsmen will cry, to keep the ladies
company, and all this baud of Niobes seem
rather to enjoy this Niagara of eye water.
All except the bridegoom, we have never
seen him cry. No, nor even whimper.
fc^Female relatives of Grant, the Dents,
and Simpsons, are in demand in the mat
rimonial markets in the west. Advertise
ments from young men appear in the papers
soliciting correspondence with a view to
marriage with young ladies connected with
these illustrious families. One of them put
in ; “No objections to au aunt if not too
aged.”

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