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The Republican journal. [volume] (Belfast, Me.) 1829-current, May 20, 1869, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000873/1869-05-20/ed-1/seq-1/

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farm, Garden, and Household,
Our friends who may have communications, ob
i rations, tacts, suggestions, or anything of interest,
ining to this department, are requested to cnnimu
the same to Dr. Putnam Simonton, Searsport. who
:: prepare the same for publication, it of sufficient lm
ir lance,
-■_ - - -
ruit trees-best kinds for this lo
bung in a previous So. spoken of t lie proper
i il iti,>n of the ground. ami ilie right method of
ic "id trees in general, lei us now consider
! 1 lie hest kind- for cultivation.
• tit Aiti.k. Taken in all its aspects, no fruit
ips exceed- Ihi-; none certainly more renowii
hi-tory;—for the forhiddeu fruit of Eden, and
Ibi fruit of Hesperus, guarded hy a sleep
- dragon, were apples according to old legends,
while it i- the child of the temperate zones
\ where, there is no place where it seems so
i home, " litre it attains to so much exeel
■i- in the middle and northern portions of the
io'd States.
Nui. \xt> Situation. The apple will grow on
>■' -i val id) ut >oil>; but on very dry or very
t a -t i l-un does weli. A deep, strong, gravedy
clayey loam, it weli drained, is perhaps the best;
1 \m-Kiifw an oreliard in Prospect which pro*
abundantly the best Baldwins we have ever
n raised in Maine, where the projecting elny
i. rocks yielded scarcely soil enough to hold the
in place. Tf you have a spot where either
oiite or limestone prevails, there is the place for
• orchard. The situation is of some account; for
i too warm a southern exposure, in warm days the
utcr part of winter the sap will start, which, freez
. -cj.:,rates the bark and kills the tree. If too
[■thern an aspect, the wood does not ripen and so
he r-kilK It too high an elevation, they are
■, ikrii and torn by the winds; if too low, late frosts
1.id tie-blossoms and render fruit impossible.
Hint a iust medium in all the-o things is the true
i Kinds, some years ago, preparing to set
. small orchard, we took much pains to ascer
■ from the highest authorities the best kinds of
• pie- for family use, all the way from the earliest
tlie latest varieties; and found the following the
■ i recommended : .Summer: Bell’s Early; Early
idrvesi; Sweet Bough; Red Astraean; Autumn;
. iliam's Eavorite; Autumn Pcarmain; Beauty of
n»: (iravenstein; Kilham Trill; Nonsuch; Por
W'inter: Baldwin; Black Apple; Yellow Belle
11r: ITubbardston Nonsuch; Newtown Pippin;
i u Pippin ; Northern Spy ; Rhode Island < ireon
Rihstone Pippin; (iolden Russet; Roxbury
Mo- of these we have tried, and find them to
v e good -:iti.sfa< tion We have supplied gralui
ioii-1) tir-t and last, many hundred scions from
them, and ran now .supply some to such of our
i• lei's max want them and will apply immedi
'••me remarks are necessary. We have found
fiat taking one of each kind, of the summer and
'<>rts, makes too many for family use; as ripcn
near together, too many are ready at once and
- 'poil. Some of them, particularly the lied As
wan, so tine an apple at its prime, in a week or
turn mealy, arid are worthless. True, this
•Tplus may i»»* sold; hut as, from their perishable
• >im\ they bring but little in themarket.it is more
•limbic to raise winter fruit, which commands,
a-hcl for bushel, two or three times as much as
< others, so, finding this out loo late, we are now
•oiging our trees, by grafting, into winter fruit,
(fence, from our experience, we would say to be
.inner*:—for early apples, take one Karly Harvest
• nd out- lied A'-ftacan; for autumn, one William's
• vorite, one Beauty of Kent, one Kilham Hill, one
• n Such, one Porter; for winter, ns many as pos
. i*ft lie varieties named, and of other sorts which
.1 know to he good. Yet we will state that in our
; . x periencc for thirty years,ami from what we
■ i fa.' experience of other persons, the very best
apple, one everyway good for use—one to
most money out of,—because the trees are
i ady, but little attacked by insects, bearing
i _• • • i\ every ye ar, is one raised abundantly in this
- '•n having several names—Greening. Golden
i-pin, and i> probably the Newark Pippin, as de
• ribed by Downing. It is in it* prune by Dec.
fid .fan., losing its fine acid flavor after this. Next
this as an early winter apple, rather more juicy
vii 1 a< id. and not so productive, is the Yellow Belle
i ur. For late w inter and spring apples, we know j
•tiling superior to the Northern Spy, Baldwin and i
Koxhury Husset. As to the Baldwin, however, 1
de-re are these objections;—without better manage
ment than most cultivators give to it, it. is an every
dier-year bearer, and in Maine never has the true
r.aldwin Mass, flavor, though some raised in this
ify. a-* elsewhere in the county, are very fair,—but
• our taste ulw ays savoring of the unripe.
i fine are doubtless many other, and perhaps bet
i varieties abroad with which, we had hoped,
i owners would have made us acquainted; but
a ling in this, can give only such information us our
v ii practice, aided by such light as our most emi
• nt writers on pomological subjects, can afford.
' we think, many fruit raisers miss it in seeking
i tar-fetched and high-sounding sorts. For it is
di fruit as with everything else, like the dog in
• table who dropped his bone to catch its reflec
■ *!i in the water, we may lose the substance and
iteh the shadow ! Both with fruit and everythin®’
-e. if we have a tiling good enough, it is unwise to
• ii gieet it for a fancied better one.
• »f one tiling we are certain, both from reason and
much observation, that the nearer the locality where
.til trees are raised to the one win?re they are to
row into trees the better.
thousands of dollars have we known utterly
ilirown away by buying New York fruit trees, and
. min other distant, southern localities, for this cold
latittide. Fruit-tree peddlers—especially the ap
i• li■ sorts—arc a pest to be shunned; not so much
"■cause they are dishonest fellows, but because
heir goods are so poorly adapted to particular mar
i.ets. Our advice is to raise from seed your own
-locks; or, if you cannot wait, to purchase them
min some nursery near at hand; to set them out as
■ c directed in a recent article, and the following
oring to graft into them such scions as you know
, be i aluablc sorts. In this way you secure hardy,
thrifty trees, and know what they are.
Another tiling too often lost sight of; large trees,
ike the apple, must have room. Many set them 10
or !;") feet apart; by bearing time their limbs will
luiicti: when ftillv grown they will mesh together
like a forest, keeping out the light, and dialing one
mother to death. Never set standard apple trees
.carer together than 00 feet, and two rods is better.
After young trees are set, cultivate the ground
with root crops for several years; this keeps the
■mass down, the soil light and properly enriched for
tree growth. Wash young trees, spring, summer
id fall, to the very tip of the branches, with awash
made of soft soap and strong tobacco water, to kill
bark lice which ruin more trees than all other causes
together,—of which, the borer, Ac., we shall speak
in a future No.
Finally, don’t fail to raise all the apples you can.
Nothing pays hotter. Most people with a farm ora
garden, if they had Government bonds for §500, or
bad that amount in bank stock would feel and be,
tilistantially, rich:—receiving the income of which
b'i'v inspiring'. Yet every tree that bears a net in
otne of fruit yearly is as much a money capital, is
worth as much, as so much Iannis or stocks that
vield the same amount. A tree, therefore, which
yields net §0 every year, is worth as much as §100
in any money stock which yields §t; a year; and
trees y ielding §30 a year have precisely the same
i alue as the §500 bond or bank stock. For the true
measure of capital is not what the thing is, but the
income it produces. In the one ease you call at the
avings bank and Mr. Qtlimby gives you §30 as
di\ idend, in the other you get the same §30 and call
il fruit-money. We have trees each of which > ields
on the average every year §12 net; and we hold ev
ery such tree as much worth §20(1, as any §200 in
any six percent, paying stock.
True it may he said, as it was to us u few days
ago,—trees are uncertain capital; the lice, the bor
ers, aud many other enemies may destroy them;
but you will find that ail money institutions have
I eir borers, their lice, and their frogs, more vile

and destructive man tnose of ancient Egypt;—as j
witness the failure of t lie Frankfort and Shipbuild-;
ers Banks in our midst, and the eoindlc-s Bonds j
stolen everywhere.
Ornamental trees in a futur*- No.
As shown in a previous article, so important to
both producers and consumers do we esteem the
potato, that we have spent much time in studying
its nature and the conditions, of its growth, and in
consulting numerous intelligent persons of large
experience in its culture, as to the best kinds, proper
dressing, mode of cultivation, &»\
And the lirst discovery we have made is that all
these potato doctors disagree on these subjects with
as much zeal and warmth as Divinity and Medical
doctors do on theirs; some, recommending one kind
and mode of treatment as the very best, others some
exactly the opposite. And from the large survey
we have made we have discovered facts and princi
ples enough to enable us to say, we think, that both
and all are right, however contradictory their state
ments and view>,—all these differences arising from j
different conditions herein to he pointed out.
Kini»s. The Sehec, the Jackson or Orono, the !
Foole and the Goodrich arc the ones, and in the
order just named, which the numerous cultivators
We have consulted recommend as the tnn- thing for
this region. And we have discovered this in our
inquiries which cannot he too well known : All who
praise the Sehec—and they are a majority of the
cultivators—invariably state that they are raised on ,
[a dry, porous soil, which does not retain too mueli '
| moisture; while all w ho dispraise them as yielding
poorly and rotting badly, as uniformly state* that
their*. wen* raised on wet,clayey and retentive soil.
Happening into a lield while the crop was being
harvested last fall, we liked the looks of the potatoes
so well Hint our winter's supply was ordered from
them. Tlic\*\\ ere the Scbees, and were grown on
a high, sandy ridge, whose soil seemed too dry for
j anything. We want no better article; good size,
smooth. line flavor, not over two or three to a bushel
rotting, and all the way through, down to this date,
as sprightly and mealy as epicure could wish. To
plant the Seh. e only on dry, porous soils and the j
Olono and tin Foole on wet, heavy soils, >eems, j
therefore, to he tile true rule. As to the Goodrich,!
not enough of it is known hereabouts to judge of j
its relative merits, lion. Mr. MeGilvery, of Sear.— !
port, tried it last year, and tinds it an excellent po- j
tato. good flavor, hardy, five from rot and produc
tive; and many oile rs are preparing to try it this
year. Numerous other varieties, as the Harrison,
Early Rose, and others are offered; and if their
qualities half equal the fabulous prices at which
the) are la id—some at £;’».‘25 per lb., and one, tin*
Earh Prince, at $50 a tuber—they are indeed won
derful. But let all our reader** remember that '■pec
ulation, having somewhat exhausted itself on
| Shanghai* roosters, and in many other directions,
seems now to have struck among the potatoes
Some enthusiastic people always have an itching for
these extravagancies, just a> a certain man we read
of spent a life time trying to extra* t sun-beams
from cucumbers; but our ad\ «^e is t<> slum all such
follies. And us to seed potatoes, whether there is
anything in it or not. all cultivators agree that to,
change the seed around from place to place, fre
quently, is of \ery great utility.
Dressing. Experience allows that all strong un
fernicnted manures arc not well for anything; so
old manure, if possible, should be used for the po
tato. Ashes, plaster, and the superphosphates are
highly useful to this plant: those who have tried I
them state that they well repay their cost. TIow
shall tin* dressing be applied? In the hill, the drill,
or broadcast? Here also farmers, as well as all
writers, disagree; but so far as wo can learn the
drill is coming into favor in this section.
Planting ani> cultivating. IIow much seed?
Formerly three pieces, each with two or three eyes, j
to each hill, was the invariable rule the world ovei*
Lately the amount has been growing less, so that
two or thiv< eyes to a hill is now thought a great
plenty by most cultivators; the reason given is that
more seed produces the small and worthless tubers.
Dur own limited trials confirm this. Some of our
best farmers now plant in drills, one piece with two
eyes, about a foot apart. When the plants are two
.») three inches high, the cultivator should be run
between the rows, and again in a week or two.
Using the hoc; to destroy weeds, and to properly put
the earth in place. The plow or cultivator so late
as to disturb the roots is injurious.
To the many persons who have kindly contribut
ed valuable information on this subject we offer our
acknowledgments, and hope lbr a continuance of
their favors.
The fond that is most liable to produce symptoms
of poisoning, even though it may seem to be good,
is shell-iish. They occasionally cause great distress,
attended by cramps and an eruption on the skin re
sembling nettle rash. Such symptoms supervene in
from ten to twenty hours after eating the articles in
question, and are accompanied frequently by great
exhaustion and debility. Death lias occurred in as
short a time as three hours. If the vomiting is free
the sufferer usually recovers. In some instances
where shell-fish have been taken from docks or
ship's bottoms, it lias been suspected that they have
been contaminated with copper or arsenic derived
from the sheathing or paint on the vessels. In some
instances copper has been found, but it is neverthe
less probable that in the majority, it not in all the
cases, the evil effects have been due to the presence
of an animal poison.
If healthy flesh that is undergoing putrefaction is
used as food, it is liable to produce very serious
symytoms resembling those of typhus lever, in
which there is considerable brain trouble. This,
however, is not common, the usual result being the
ejection of the offensive material. The system can
even become accustomed to the introduction of such
vile articles as decayed fish, which it is said the Si
amese and Burmese use as a condiment.
Uamgee estimates that about one-fifth of the meat
sold in the markets is obtained from animals that
have died, or from those that have been killed while
suffering from some complaint. When the creature
has been killed suddenly by an accident, the flesh is
goo.t. but if death has been the result of over-driv
ing, it contains a poison that produces an eruption
on the skin of those who handle it. and though many
persons may eat such flesh with impunity, some
are not so fortunate; from which we may conclude
that t he act of digestion does not always destroy an
imal \wihons. [Dr. John C. Draper, in April
Ploughing under green crops for manure has been
found very profitable with soils poor inorganic mat
ter. The philosophy of its fertilizing action may
thus be explained. The green plants decay anil
evolve carbonic acid, which is absorbed by water,
and the solution of carbonic acid dissolves" minute
portions of mineral matter capable of assimilation
by plants. When deep-rooted plants like clover are
used, considerable proportions of plant-food are
brought up from great depths, and thus add to the
riclmessof the surface-soil. Many plants have been
used in different countries lor this purpose, and
among which may be named white mustard, tur
nips.white lupine, and rape, in addition to the Well
known use of clover, rye, and buckwheat.
Effects of Tobacco Smokixo on Children'.
The usage of smoking tobacco by children causes
paleness, loss of flesh, palpitation of the heart, de
rangement of the digestion, and all the symptoms of
impoverished blood. No treatment is ‘effectual as
long as the habit is continued. The intelligence is
diminished, and a tendency to strong drink excited.
These symptoms disappear where there is no organ
ic lesion, with the discontinuance of the habit. In
twenty-seven out of thirty-eight cases observed in
children between nine and fifteen, some or all of
these symptoms were observed. [Dr. E. 1 lueaisne:
Gazette des Hopitaux,
A New Way to Destroy Stumps. Bore with
a two-inch auger to the heart of the stump; till the
cavity thus made w ith sulphuric acid, or with crude
oil ol petroleum. In the first case, the acid becomes
the destructive agent in a few months; in the hit
tor’ when the stump becomes saturated with the oil*
it is fired, and will then burn out to the last parti
cle, like a candle.
If any woman of ns all.
If any woman of the street,
Before jhe Lord should pause and fall
And with her long hair wipe his feet—
He, whom with yearning hearts we love,
And fain would see with human eyes
Around our living pathway move.
And underneath our daily skies—
The maker of the heavens and earth.
The Lord of life, the Lord of death,
Tn whom the universe had hirtli.
But breathing of our breath one breath—
If any woman of the street
Should kneel, and with the lifted mesh
(W' her long tresses wipe his feet.
And with her kisses kiss their flesh—
How round that woman would we throng,
JIow willingly would clasp her hands
Fresh from that touch divine, and long
To gather tip the twice-blest strand!
How eagerly with her would change
Our idle innocence, not heed
Her shameful memories and strange,
Could we hut also claim that deed.
Breakfast had just been cleared away, and
the little sitting-room was very bright and
cheerful in the yellow flood of the April sun
shine. There were pots of purple-blossomed
violets in the window-seat, and a blue-ribbon
ed guitar lying on the sofa, and books piled
on the table, and close by the fire Mrs. Haven
had seated herself w it h her desk to write some
She was a trim, compact little woman, with
bright brown hair, and eyes to match, and a
resolute mouth that somehow carried out the
expression of a nose that our French neigh
bors phrase “retrousse.” Mary Ilaven had
character—that you might see at a glance.
As she sat there, selecting her pen, and un
screwing the silver top of her inkstand the
door opened very softly, and a round full
moon face appeared.
‘•.Mrs. Haven, mem, if you please.”
“Yes." said Mary Haven, descrying at once
by the infallible barometer of a woman’s ear
the rising thunderstorm in the domestic at
mosphere. “What is it, cook?”
“It’s not that you’re not a kind mistress,
mem,” said cook, twisting the hem of her
checked apron, “and the wages is good, not
to say company is allowed once a week and
Sunday evenings always out, but there are
some things flesh and blood can’t; stand, no
more they can't mem, and I liain’t no patience
with such doins’, and if you please to suit
yourself, mem, at a month’s warnin’—•”
“Why, cook, what is the matter?”
“Some can abide meddlin’ with, mem, and
some can’t—and if the barrel o’mackerel sets
on the wrong corner, an’ the sugar-boxes aint
kept covered proper, it’s the mistress should
tell me of it. and not the master, and if Mr.
Haven wants to be cook, mem, well and good,
but I won't stay in the same kitchen!”
And cook flounced out, maltreating her
apron, having said her say.
Mrs. Ilaven flushed scarlet. She rose and
went down stairs to the cellar, where her hus
band, minus his coat, was endeavoring to
move a huge washing machine.
“You see, Bridget,” he called out, “this is
the worst possible place the thingcouidstand
in and—why, Mary, is it you?”
“Yes, it is I,” said Mrs. Ilaven, “I thought
yon had gone to your oftiee, Henry.”
"I'm going presently,” said Mr. Haven,
“but you see, Mary, everything down here is
sixes and sevens. It’s well I come down oc
casionally. Cook has no more economy than
a wild savage and Bridget; puts everything
precisely where it shouldn’t be. My dear
have you looked over the grocer’s bill for a
! month ?
I “No, ‘1 haven’t,” said Mrs. Haven.
“Well, it’s quite alarming. There must be
1 a leak somewhere,—and that reminds me—
the molasses keg is dripping at the rate nfhalf
a pint a day.”
Bridget and eook stood by, murmuring dark
discontent. Mrs. Haven was more annoyed
than she cared to express.
“I will see to it,” she said.
; “But yon don't see to it, my dear! I found
a box of stale eggs on the top shelf-—eggs,
my dear that are, completely wasted—when
eggs are live cents apiece !”
Mrs. Haven turned and went up-stairs again
with a round red spot glowing on either cheek,
signal pennons of the disturbance within. She
was not a faultless angel, any more than other
women arc, and she was very much out of
temper, as she. walked up and down the room
with her hands behind her, and the brown
eyes glittering with an ominous sparkle.
“Mary, have you seen my memorandum
hook ?” asked her husband, as he entered pull
ing on his gloves.
“No, I have not. Probably you will find it
on the pantry shelf, or under Bridget’s wash
ing machine,” answered Mary shortly.
“Now, puss, you are out of temper,” said
Mr. Haven, good humoredly, “and how very
unreasonable that is of you!”
“Henry,” said Mrs. Haven, laying one hand
appealingly on his shoulder, and looking up
into his face, “you don’t know how it morti
fies and annoys me to have you interfere in
my domestic affairs.”
“Aren't we a firm, Henry Haven and Wife?”
he asked, coolly, “and are not our interests
identical ?”
“Yes; but Henry Haven has his department,
and Wife ought to have hers.”
“That’s all nonsense, my love.”
“Henry, will you oblige me by leaving
these domestic concerns to my own manage
“I would do much to oblige you, my dear
Mary, but I shall not concede that point,” he
said, as he took his departure, leaving Mrs.
Haven indignant and meditative.
Bridget’s voice broke with Celtic accent up
on her reverie.
“1 lease, ma’am, I found this little black
book behind the Hour barrel.”
‘•Thank’you,1'Bridget; it is Mr. Haven’s.”
She glanced mechanically at its pages as
Bridget disappeared. The column devoted to
that day was full of closely written memo
“See Kartwyn & Daley about thehouse in
ll'th street—not to let them have it for $1,200.
Gall at McAlister’s and order the green oil
i-loth instead of buff for the office floor. Tell
Martin to proceed directly with suit in Rus
sell vs. Russell. Remind clerk not to settle
tailor’s bill—alteration to be made first. Go
halves with Jordan in lot opposite Central
I’ark-” And thus indefinitely.
Mary Haven had read the words without
much interest at first, but presently her eyes
brightened, and a roguish suspicion of a smile
began to tremble around her resolute lips.
“1 am very glad 1 found this memorandum
book,” she thought. “Let me see—Harry
told me he was going to Brooklyn in the morn
ing; there will be plenty of time.”
She glanced at her watch and then rang the
“Bridget will you step around the corner
and tell them to send a carriage for mo im
Her bonnet and shawl were on long before
the vehicle arrived, and she employed the sur
plus time in jotting down various addresses
from the Directory,
When at length the carriage arrived, she
took her seat with the self-possession of a
“Drive to Kartwyn & Daley’s, No.
Mr. Kartwyn came to his office door, a dried
up little lawyer, much astonished at the un
expected apparition of a pretty woman in a
carriage ’
"Good morning, Mr. Kartwyn,” said Mary,
calmly. "1 am Mrs. Haven. ‘I called to let
you know that you could have the house in
12th street for a thousand dollars a year. I
suppose you are aware that the property be
longs to me P
Mr. Kartwyn bowed low, delighted with
the “bargain" lie was about to secure.
“And now drive to McAlister's carpet
store,” said Mrs. Haven.
She walked in 'with eool, self-possession.
“Mr. Ha\ en lias concluded to take the butt'I
oil-cloth,'1 she said.
Mr. McAlister stared but he entered tin1 or
der in bis books.
“I will send it round immediately, ma’am."
“Now for the tailor,” thought. Mary.
“Snip and Scissors” had an elegant estate-:
lishment on a side street, just out of Broad
way. Mary calmly walked np to the counter.
“Mr. Haven’s bill, receipted, if you please.”
The tailor presents the document, which
was promptly paid.
“Where now, ma’am?" said the driver.
“Mr. Jordan’s Real Estate Agency, opposite
“Ah, Mrs. Haven, P it you ?" said the agent,
cheerfully. “What can I do to serve you this
morning ?”
“Nothing, thanks,” said Mary, graciously.
• I came round to tell you that my husband
lias thought better of the Central Park lot. He
will not take half.”
“All right,” said Jordan. -Smythe and Par
ker are only waiting for the chance. I’ll let
’em know immediately."
“I don’t think I have done quite mischief
enough,” said Mrs. Haven to herself. “I’ll
go down to the office now, and turn the stove
round, and have Jack re-arrange the law
books !”
So the carriage left Mrs. Haven at her hus
band's office in a narrow, down-town street.
About one hour subsequently, Mr. Haven
sauntered into the establishment of Kartwyn
& Daley.
“About that Twelfth street lease, Mr. Kart
wyn ?”
“ics, sir, said the lawyer, rubbing his
hands. “A thousand dollars is a very lair
price, sir. I don’t at all object to giving it.”
“Who the deuce is talking about a thousand
dollars?” demanded the puzzled Haven. “I
don't mean to lei you have it a cent short of
fifteen hundred.”
The lawyer looked amazed.
“Mrs. Ilaven was here this morning, and
told me it was her property, and 1 could have
it for a thousand dollars!”
“Mrs. Ilaven!” echoed the astounded hus
band. “But really you know this is qnite un
businesslike !”
“I don't know whether it is or not,” return
ed the lawyer, stiffly. "I only know that
Mrs. Haven spoke before witnesses, and that
the property is undeniably hers!”
Mr. Haven retreated from the Hold, van
quished, but chafing.
At the door of the carpet store McAlister
met him.
“It’s all right, sir; the oil-cloth is half down
by this lime!”
“Which oil-cloth?”
“The buff pattern, sir; cheap goods. Mrs.
Ilaven was here and ordered it some time
“The—mischief she did!”
“I hope there is no mistake, sir?” asked the
dealer, anxiously.
“X—no,” returned honest Henry, disconso
lately ; adding to himself as he turned away :
“What has got into Mary? is she crazed?”
All things considered, it was not strange
that Mr. Haven was in no very amiable humor
by the time he reached the sanctum of Snip A
“I'd like to know what you mean by send
ing home such garments?' lie demanded, im
periously. "I won’t wear ’em, unless they
arc made over completely— nor will I pay the
“Sir?” demanded the surprised tailor, “you
are aware llial our rule is, no alterations al
ter the hill is settled!”
“Very well—your bill isn’t settled, and it
won’t be, either, in a hurry!”
“Mrs. Haven paid it, sir, this morning,”
said the surprised tailor, referring to his books.
Mrs. Haven ! How the uncalled for inter
ference of “Mrs. Haven” stared him in the
face at every step. Of course there was no
remonstrance to be made, however, and the
discomfited husband left the establishment.
“I’ll step in at Jordan’s anyway,” he'
thought, “and secure that lot: it will be a capi
tal speculation!”
Mr. Jordan was standing whistling in front
of his grate, with both hands in his pockets.
He looked up as Henry Haven entered.
“Well, old fellow?”
“Suppose we clear up the business about
that Central Park lot,” said Haven, carelessly.
“I don’t think I can do better.”
“Your decision comes rather late,” said Jor
don, shrugging his shoulders. “I signed over
to Smytlie & Parker half an hour ago!”
“And by whose authority?”
Mr. Haven’s brow was darkening.
“Mrs. Haven’s. She was here a little while
since, and told me you would not take the
half lot!”
Mr. Haven bit his lip; this was really grow
ing a little too provoking. He left the real
estate office abruptly, and went directly down
to his own place.
But had he not been pretty tolerably cer
tain of the number, he would not have recog
nized the rooms. Two men were on their
knees, diligently hammering down the hated
buff oil-cloth. Jack, the ofliee boy, had turn
ed the stove round, so that it’s iron elbow
projected into your face, very much as if il
would have said, “Take my arm!” And Mrs.
Haven sat at his desk, soiling and arranging
papers with industry worthy of a more legiti
mate cause.
“Mary !
Mrs. Haven looked quietly up.
"Yes, my dear; Jones vs. Brown! he be
longs on the left hand pile. Really, Henry,
the confusion of your papers is appalling!”
“Confusion, madam? I tell you they are
in the most perfect order, or, rather, they were
before you got hold of them. Where are my
law-books ?”
“Oh, i put them in the closet, the bindings
were so dingy, and the Directories and Hand
books looked so much brighter!”
“Mary, are you crazy? It is scarcely be
coming for a woman thus to usurp her hus
band’s place!”
“We are a firm, my dear, at least so you
told me this morning—Henry Haven Wife
—and therefore our interests are identical!”
“Yes, but-”
“Consequently,” went on Mary, mimicking
her husband’s rather pompous voice of the
morning, “I shall beg the privilege of inter
fering whenever I deem it advisable.”
Mr. Haven looked frowningly at his wife,
but the wrinkles vanished out of his forehead
at the smiling sunshine of Mary’s eyes.
“My dear,” said he, “it is rather late to
transact any more business to-day. Shall we
walk up home together ?”
And Mr. Haven must have left his “inter
ference” principles at the office, for Mary
never saw any more of them. Neither hus
band nor wife ever alluded to the subject
again, but Mr. Haven was cured of his own
bad habit. Mary’s single stratagem was
worth a thousand remonstrances.
Indolence. If you ask me which is the
real hereditary sin of human nature, do you
imagine I shall answer pride, or luxury, or
ambition, or egotism? No, I shall say indo
lence. Who conquers indolence will conquer
all the rest—indeed, all good prineipels must
stagnate without activity. [Zimmerman.
Gen. Grant usually rides behind two horses
and one cigar.
Who can estimate the value of a newspa
per? Mo one, until lie has lost it—until the
pleasant periodical visits, like the face of a
dear friend, bringing such a fund of wit,
news and general intelligence that it is always
greeted with a hearty welcome, are with
drawn. it is in one sense, the light of the
world—without which the mental universe
would be as much in darkness as the terrestri -
al world without the sun.
There are books, it is true, good, wise, in
structive and entertaining; but they do not
tell us what we want to know of passing!
events, or direct us to the best places of bus-1
iness. Neither do they inform us who of our I
friends are passing away or getting married,
or who has sailed for the Eastern Continent,
or who lias returned from a tour thither, etc.
1 did not think of this until 1 had formed
the foolish resolve not to take the paper and
other year. The pressure of the times was
severe, business doll, my family expensive,
and it reaaly seemed necessary to retrench
somewhere to make both ends meet at the end |
of the year. So 1 thought as 1 sat alone one
evening, in dressing gown and slippers, with
my feet upon the fender. I had my last pa
per in my hand, which f perused with a great
er degree of interest than ever before; it may
be because I resolved to part with it.
“I tell you,” said I to my wife, “it won't
do; we must curtail our expenses; and I will
begin by withdrawing my advertisements
from the newspaper and order it discontinued.
Taxes will soon lie due, which must be. paid ;
wood is enormously high, but we can't do
without it—nor groceries and provisions, nor
lights nor clothing, or many other incidental
expenses. We have plenty of books and mag
azines, old to be sure, still they are readable,
and we must do without the paper for the
year to come.”
“It’s only two dollars a year,” said my wife,
quietly. “I know it,” I replied, “but every
dollar counts now-a-days.”
“But do you not believe it will have a tend
ency to render business still more dull not to
advertise” she asked.,
“Nonsense! A place so well established
needs not so questionable a lever to help it
on. I do not suppose that it will make any
difference, while the cost of advertising
amounts to considerable,” I replied, impatient
“But what will you do for the news!” she
ventured again.
“Oh, I can get enough of that by the in
tercourse with others, and occasionally buy or
borrow a copy.”
“John Smyth," said my wife, now fully
aroused, “I am ashamed of you. What!
too poor to take a paper yourself, and yet
willing to filch information from others whose
money is paid for what they learn, and at the
same time defraud the honest publisher who is
constantly laboring with head and hands for
other’s good. Talk about retrenchment—you
had better stop your bills at the saloons for
ale and cigars—needless expenditures for
yourself alone while your newspaper is a per
petual intellectual least for the whole family,
yourself not excepted, and it costs but the
merest trifle in comparison to the money you
spend every week for tobacco and drink. You
have not spoken of the increased prices of
these articles. Stop the paper! indeed!” And
my wife jerked her chair around with not
a very graceful movement, :md sat with her
I back toward me in utter contempt of my
| “penny wise and pound foolish resolution.”
Now I make it a point never to yield to my
wife or any of my family, if I can help it, as
; in case I should, 1 would seem a secondary
consideration in my own family—a position 1
by no means intend to occupy; so I said noth
ing, but sat and puffed my fragrant Havana,
watching the graceful folds of smoke as it
wound itself in little wreaths about my head.
T resolved that come what would, I would not
yield indulgence in the delicious weed for the
sake of a newspaper.
The next day I called on my publisher, set
tled my accounts. and ordered my paper dis
“On what ground?” he asked, in some sur
“Nothing,” 1 -.aid, “I can’t afford it," and
' 1 walked away, leaving him to his own re
| flection.
j Time passed on : the day on which it was
due I could not feel quite contented at the
non-appearance of my newspaper. I missed
the cheerful face of the little carrier and the
interesting news he was wont to bring on re
turn of each week, through fair weather and
foul. There were other papers about, for I
bought one occasionally, but these were pub
lished in large cities, and contained no local
news of my own home.
At night when I reached home, tny eldest,
daughter, Mary, met me in the hall.
“Where is the paper, papa!” said she. “Oh,
I am in such a hurry to see it. Mattie True
worth’s marriage is in it, and the editor has
published such an appropriate verse in con
nection, I am told.”
but i put her aside, saying, “The paper
will not come any more, I have ordered it
“Why, father!” she exclaimed, “how can
we, do without it!”
“We must learn to do without it,” 1 repli
ed as 1 passed on to the supper room.
After supper, instead of reading to my
family, sometimes leading their minds away
off to other seenes and distant regions, beau
tiful countries that others have explored at
great expense and some risk of life; some
times to the fierce fields of blood and carnage
pictured so vividly that they seemed indeed,
before us, while we were safejand comfortable
in our little home ; or singing over the stray
waifs of real poetry which often find their
way into the newspaper, touching a tender
chord in every heart—as I was wont to do—I
stretched myself upon the sofa and tried to
“Tommy,” whispered Mary, “run over to
Mr. Wild’s and see if you cannon borrow his
But Tommy soon returned with the answer
that Mr. Wild was reading it himself.
“Then go to Mr. Brown’s, and if you can’t
get his, go to Mr. &ates."
But Tommy was not more successful at any
of these places. Mr. Brown had taken his
paper down town, and Mr. Gates didn’t like
to lend his; thought his father took it. A
disappointed sigh was Mary’s only answer.
“The particulars of that murder affair are
in the paper this week,’’ said my wife, with
a slight frown upon her brow, “and I would
really like to see it.”
“And Minnie Milford’s new story was to
come out in this week’s paper. I really wish
1 could borrow it somewhere,” said Mary.
“Here, Tommy,” said I, taking five cents
from my pocket, “run down loo the news of
fice and buy a copy if it’s not to late, and the
publishing office shut up.”
Tommy soon returned out ot breath. “I’ve
run enough after that old newspaper,” with
just a touch of his father’s spunk, “and I
won’t do it affiiin. The publishing office was
closed, and the news office had not a number
left. 1 would like to find out though when
that celebration is coming oft'. Nobody knows
for sure but the paper. Is it in that, father?”
he added. The minds of till as well as my
self, were on the missing paper, but I was
thoroughly out of patience with myself, and
with them. “I tell you Idontknow anything
about it,” I replied, in not a very amiable
tone, I fear. Seems to me you are all very
much interested in the confounded paper since
you know it is slopped. I don’t want to hear
a word about it.-’ This put a quietus on the
subject—at least for a time.
However, as time passed on, I began to
think I had made very little progress in bet
tering niy condition, and that “gathering in
formation ol‘ current events by intercourse
with others" was a very unreliable source.
Every one gave a coloring peculiarly his own,
and every one needs read for himself to have
a correct idea of what is going on around
Besides this, my business from dull become
duller, and eventually dullest; while inyneigh
bor across the way, with no better qualifica
tions or faculties than myself seemed to lie do
ing a thriving business. Could it be because
he advertized in the local paper—that which
nobody took 1 lie trouble to read? Doubtful.
One day 1 met an old friend and customer
whom 1 had often wondered what had be
come of him, as well as some others of his
neighbors, who were once good paying custo
mers of mine.
“How sre you ?” said lie, giving me his
hand. “How do you prosper** doing down
hill, eh?”
“I hope not,” I replied, with a taint smile,
“Well, 1 see you have stopped advertising,
and I supposed you had closed out or smash
ed up; and, as I am usually in a hurry when
I come to town. 1 go where they advertise to
do work well and promptly. This is why 1
have not seen you lately. Hood by, sir. if
you nrc still in tin: business, let us see your
card, and know what you arc doing.”
I began to think better of advertising than
I did before, and on my way homo 1 gave the
publishers of the paper a call.
“I began to think, my friend,” said [, “I
began in the wrong direction to curtail ex
penses, and I was indeed, -penny wise and
pound foolish,’ when 1 withdrew my patron
age. Our interests are more intimately con
nected than 1 could have believed, until I
made tin' experiment.”
Thereupon 1 was again enrolled on his list
of subscribers and a half column devoted to
my business. And I freely confess ! have no
reason to regret the expenditures. My old
customers and many new ones began to make
their appearance —business began to revive,
and ere long I felt warrrauted in the expedi
ency of securing an assistant.
My family was gratified at the appearance
of their old friend, the newspaper, and I am
resolved that sooner than part with it, 1 will
give up “ale and cigars,” which for me would
be quite a sacrifice. I prize more highly than
ever my newspaper.
From the Helena (Montana) Herald.
Those who arc under the impression that
Indians possess no personal bravery, and that
their only prowess with deadly weapons is
when they hold the vantage ground, either
among themselves or in warfare against the
whites, would have been disabused of this im
pression could they have witnessed onenfthc
bravest and most thrilling enactments of a
tragedy, the equal of which, perhaps, has
never taken place within the bounds of Mon
tana. An Indian duel took place near Mr.
Holtcr’s saw-mill, situated on Ten Milo Creek, j
and about six miles from town, yesterday af
ternoon, an account of which, as we were
then informed, was published in last evening’s
from an eye-witness o! the bloody affair we
are in possession of further particulars, wliieli
were related to ns as follows:
A few Indians were in a cabin occupied by
some of the employees of the mill, when one
of them displayed his revolver, at, the same
time expatiating on its merits and iiis own
extraordinary skill in its u-e. This lie carri
ed to such an extent that another brave of the
party exclaimed in his native tongue. ‘T gh,
you can't shoot !" and denounced him as a
braggart, at the same time saying that lie
could put him to shame at his own game.
Whereupon, native No. L proposed a test of
skill, giving his opponent the advantage of a
rifle, his favorite weapon. This was at once
acceded to, and immediately preparations
were made for a duel in their own peculiar
style, liy this time about twenty warriors
had collected, and all repain d a short wav
from the cabin, where they marked off about j
forty feet—the distance that was in separate |
the hostile sa\ ages.
During these preparations the doomed war-1
riors looked upon each other with the most I
stoical indifference, and the crowd waited for!
the denouncement in silent wonder. When
all was made ready , the opponents took their
position for the last act, standing with their
heels on the mark-back to ha id. -one a re
volver and the other with his title. One of
the natives had been selected to act as second
for both: lie took his position a little aside
from the line of lire; waved a spear, decorat
ed with paint and feathers, two or three .imes
above his head, gave the terrible war-whoop,
and, on the instant, the duelists wheeled and
fired. Both fell—one shot through the brain,
the other pierced to the heart! Thus ended
one of the most extraordinary and tragic en
eounltti'S that lias ever come within our pro
vince to record.
Dr. Hclmbold, one of the most systematic
and persistent advertisers ill this country, who
has made an immense fortune by tie- liberal
use of the newspapers, in a recent conversa
tion with a leading editor gave some interest
ing details of his system of advertising, which
may be of value to the business men of New
ark. We quote:
"When t have funds to spare I invest the
money in extending mv name find busines ■
just as a man does who purchases real est ate
or cultivates a farm; and I consider the in
vestment equally good, in every respect. Nor
do 1 ever tempt to make contracts without
the means to make payments, any more than
a good farmer would think ot cultiv ating his
soil without the funds to pay for cultivation.”
The Doctor, it seems, makes his own con
tracts, in many cases directly with the editors
or publishers themselves, and in this way
he lias obtained a general acquaintance with
the newspaper men throughout the country.
He says:
“With tlie proprietors of all the leading
papers aiid the majority of the others, I en
joy a personal acquaintance, and to such pa
pers as the New York Herald, Weekly Tri
bune and Independent, 1 have sometimes paid
from fifteen hundred to three thousand dollars
for the single insertion of an advertisement,
knowing that in such cases the amount of
space occupied, and the importance of the
transaction, would necessitate an interview.
On one occasion, I offered the sum of FIVE
THOUSAND DOLLARS for a page in the
New York Herald. The offer was accepted,
but afterward declined, on account of press
of matter, notwithstanding it was double the
usual advertising rates. This was at (lie
time of the fall of Richmond. To conclude,
1 always prefer dealing directly with publish
ers. I have no fear of accepting their best
rates.” [Newark Journal.
Tim Russian Famine. Tne foreign mails
bring further particulars of the famine pre
vailing in the Russian province of Esthonia.
on the Black Sea. No rain fell from Maj'2:1(1
to August 18th, 1808, and consequently the
crops were burned up. Now bread cannot be
obtained except for exorbitant prices and the
supplies are very scanty. The wet weather
of the present season has made the roads im
passable and no assistance can reach the peo
ple. Disease has also commenced to afflict
the population. The peasants have congre
gated in large numbers in the villages in hope
of obtaining food and shelter, and the crowds
in their weakened condition are suffering from
hunger and typhus. Discouraged, and in de
spair of receiving relief, children are desert
ing their parents, and parents their children,
to wander about the country, begging and
Robert B. Randolph, formerly a lieutenant
in the United States Navy, and a cousin of
the eccentric John Randolph of Roanoke,
died last week in Washington. A Washing
ton correspondent of the New York Sun gives,
this account of him:—
Two hundred and iitty-six years ago, this
month, Pocahontas, daughter of Powhatan,
was married to John Rolfe, at Jamestown,
V a. She died in England, in March, four
years after her marriage, leaving one son,
who returni 1 to Virginia to n side, and tin a ■
lelt descendants, among whom was John Kan
dolph, ol Roanoke. Robert It. llaudolpli,
cousin of John, died at bis p-snletiee on the
corner of Four-anil-a-half ami C streets,
Washington, on the morning ol the guli iust.,
at the age of seventy-eight, and was buried
yesterday. He was the man who hreaked l/n
nose of Andrew Jackson, Old Hickory being
then President of the United Stab's.
If you search your own city, you may lie
able to find the author of this trouble between
Jackson and Randolph—trouble which had
owed the life of the latter from early man
hood to the tomb. You will remember I hat
a very few years since a person named Kmi
ganini, 1 think, eloped from New York with
the property and niece of his wYe, whom lie
had then recently married ; and that the for
saken wife was once the wife of (fen. Eaton,
Secretary of War to Gen. Jackson: and prior
to that the wife of one Tim her In In . who died
a purser in'he United States Navy On the
death of Tanberlake. Randolph, who was
then a lieutenant in the navy, was appointed
to act temporarily as purser in his place lie
found his accounts in a mixed condition, and
a deficiency existing agamsl him. Kef ire he
had a chance.to settle his accounts Mr . f. be
came tiu> wile of Gen. Eaton. .Secretary ot
War, who was also surety for her former dm
band. It became apparently of interest to
both that the deficiency charged should be
shifted to other shoulders than those of the
dead purser. An attempt was made to cart v
out such a scheme, with Randolph a ■ the vie
Randolph asked for a court of iiupiin .
which, being granted, lie was cleared of all
suspicion by its report. Rut, nevertheless,
President Jackson ordered his dismissal from
the navy. Not long after this, while Old
Hickory was passing down the Potomac on a
steamer, in front of Alexandria, and during
a pause of the boat at that place, Randolph
came on board and deliberately and most ef
fectually wrung the nose of llis Excellency.
Let one imagine the anger of the old hero uf
New Orleans.
No wonder that Randolph had to dodge
from place, to place for two years o> avoid ar
rest. Finally it is reported that an oilircr
now living, was authorized to inform Ran
dolph that if he would apologize for his insult
to the President, he would be reinstated. Thi
Randolph declined to do until the President
had first apologized. It is hardly necessary to
say that no apology came. Alter twenty-1 ltree
years of service in the navy, and much gallant
conduct, Randolph without much property,
and without a profession, was turned adrift
upon the world. During the administration
of Janies Buchanan, John R. Floyd, then
Secretary of the War, gave Randolph the po
sition of superintendent of the armory in
Washington, but he only held the place a
| short time, as Ruchanan, hearing of the ap
pointment, ordered it to be v-voked for rea
I sons best known to himself.
Kandolph entered the army at aliout the aye
of sixteen, and had command of a division on
the quarter deck of the frigate Constitution
under Decatur, in her action with and the
capture of the British frigate Macedonia He
was also in the President when that ship wa
eaptured by the Endvmion, and other British
vessels, and was carried a prisoner to London,
where he (towhided a British officer for using
contemptuous language concerning America
A brother of his went down with tin sloop
Wasp, which sunk at sea after her tight with
a line-of-battle ship, the name of which e -
capes me. lie was less than live feet ten in
height, rather slim had hair of light color, in
youth, as shown by a miniature taken at New
London soon after the capture of the Maeedo
ilia. His nose was slightly Roman, and h
had eyes like an eagle in clearness and pow
| cr of expression. In his eyes and nose alone,
| were perceptible traces of his Indian origin
He leaves a wife and four children, one a son
[The above artieh is incorrect in saying
1 that Randolph pulled the nose of Jackson
i He attempted it and failed, and would bai t
: been crushed by Jack son had not the crowd
interfered. Though acquitted of fraud, the
conduct of Randolph was such to demand id
A few weeks ago. General Stephen Ab -
Groarty was in the City of Washington, to
whether he, as a maimed soldier, who had
voted for Grant, would bo removed bv the lai
ter from the position of Collector of Internal
Revenue, which he held in Cincinnati, While
there lie made the acquaintance of anotln-.
soldier, a Collector in an interior district in
New York, who had sustained even more In
juries than himself. lie had lost both legs b\
a cannon ball below the knees, and hobbled
around, to use the expression of .MeGroart <,
upon trestle-work lie wa.-. also in the FodeY
al Capital to ascertain whether the inou~ing
and stay at-home politicians would lie permit
ted by his old commander to discharge him
from the service of the Government. This
unfortunate vetaran was rich in the posse,, -
iou of a wife and seven children, but had no
worldly goods to support them lb c as in
capacitated for work and relied entiivh upon
the income of his office for a living j|. inn!
dischargedtlie duties of Colic- lor wiih lid.
it}’, ami had given a- far as lie w a- awan
general satisfaction. General MeGroaitv, a
company with this old comrade in arms, re
paired to the White House, to see the l’re-l
dent. The soldier from New Y'ork was in ■
introduced, and made known Id- bn im-s.
Grant expressed, in the strongest terms. Ids
reprobation of any one who would even seek
the place of so severely an injured soldier
and gave his word if it was done he would
pay no attention to it.
General MeGroarty soon afterward saw the
President, and presented his papers of recom
mendation from leading Republicans in this
city and elsewhere. Among them was a let
ter signed by Edwin M. Stanton, late Seen-ta
ry of War, which was to the foilow'ingetl'eei :
“There may have been soldiers who hav e
as good an army record as General MeG roar
ty. There are certainly none who have a la ■
Grant smiled when lie received the paper-. -
stated that MeGroarty's military record w e-,
well known to him, and that lie should not lie
Pleased beyond measure at the result i f
their interview with the President, the two
veterans left the White House together and
repaired to their hotel. Relying upon the
word of the President thus given to tw.>
of liis soldiers, they entertained no further
fear of a dismissal. The very next morning
at breakfast the New York Collector wa
horrified, upon perusing tin; city journals, fur
in the list of appointments made was that of
a person to the office which he then filled. I le
almost fainted away. General McGroartv,
although his faith was then greatly shaken
in the President's promise to him of retention,
still entertained favorable hopes. But with
in forty-eight hours thereafter, the name of
Mr. Pollan went in the Senate as his sueoe
sor, and disgusted and indignant, he took the
ears for the West.
The violation of his word upon the part of
Grant requires little comment at our band
it stamps him with personal dishonor. The
dishonor is infinitely enhanced w hen w e eon
aider the parties to whom he violated his en
gagement. [Cincinnati Daily Enquirer
I ho late Karl ot Glasgow was a genial lei
low. During one of his sprees he threw a
hotel waiter out of the chamber window and
profanely told the expostulating landlord to
■•put him in the bill!'’

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