Newspaper Page Text
The Republican Journal.
BELFAST, THURSDAY, JUNE 14, 1917. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY The Republican Journal Pub. Co A. I. BROWN, Editor. advertising Terms. For one square, one inch length in column, 25 c*nts for one week and 25 cents for each subsequent insertion. Subscription Terms In advance. $2 00 a year; $1.00 for six months; 60 cents for three months, UNFORTUNATE BUT TRUE. The European war opened in August 1914. Far-sighted men, men who did not altogether live in the present but had ■-some thought for the future, emphatical ly urged preparedness. Their appeals were disregarded. We had some excel lent speeches in. Congress, some of our newspapers urged that action rather than words was needed. But only here and there was a man who apprehended im pending danger. However, very little was done. In two years we have manu factured only 66,000 rifles of the required pattern. Four months ago the State of Maine owned only 1,700 rifles, and there was then no place where more could be obtained for immediate delivery. The same shortage of rifles existed all over the country. The same deficiency in •every other sort of equipment existed in ihe State and in the nation. Supplies of machine guns, artillery and ammunition were entirely lacking. There were no airplanes, few submarines and few motor trucks. In fact everything pertaining to the carrying on of war was on a sound asleep basis. Before we can send an army to the battlefield all these things must be had. But this is not all. The wastage of war is enormous. A good many rifles have been rendered useless on the Hindeuburg line, and the same must be said of equipment of every sort. Enormous wastage must be provided for before our troops embark. Germany has known about this f’om the start. There fore she has not feared us, nor has she paid much attention to the notes from the President, nor to the speeches made in Congress Where does the blame for present unpreparedness lief We think that the President has sometimes tem- j porized when he should have acted. We think Congress has listened too much to the seductions of the politicians and to the wiles of grafters. We think our peo pie, themselves, are to be blamed also. Until now they have not felt a national shock sufficiently severe to wake them U| since the Civil War They have been plowing the fields of trade in an effort to make !»o dollars grow wdiere only one gr.w before They have made "Uncle •Sam tt richest man on earth and have 1« preparedness to him. But like many another, when “Uncle Sam” got rich, Uncle Sam” became lazy. ECONOMY AND BUSINESS. t.c I.noniy is being urged upon us. Many d these appeals are not practical nor are they needed There is an abundance of money in this country. The life of busi ness requires that this money shall cir culate. Strict economy in all things will soon stagnate business, throw men and women out of employment, reduce wages and invite disaster. Strict economy in all things should of course be practiced by every one who is living beyond his means, but there is no valid reason why all our people shall economize in all their expen ditures. When all men become misers, business plunges into the last ditch. In reducing waste and in conservation of food we have more than a duty to per form. It is a necessity. Our mothers and daughters must help. They are al ready helping and will help more. If we are to supply more than half the world with food, and keep prices from soaring still higher, demand must not outrun supply. We must all strive together. Greater economy and less waste of food than now prevails must be practiced. This will cause a slacking down of busi ness in some lines of trade, but business will adjust itself to meet the new condi tions In the first place, work will be plenty and wages will be good. Every railroad will be taxed to the utmost to move our freights. Every factory will busily hum. The Liberty Loan will much of it lie spent in this country and will circulate through the arteries of trade. Countries which before the war imported largely from England, France, Italy and Germany will now buy largely from us. Business will be good. EXEMPTIONS FROM THE DRAFT. Nothing is yet definitely setttled relat •ng to exemptions from thedraft. Charles B. Warren of Michigan, a major in the officer’s reserve, has charge of the work of preparing rules and regulations. These have not been submitted to the President and Secretary of War. How long it will be necessary for the President to hold these for consideration or revision is of •course not known. The law requires that the President shall prescribe the regula tions and we must wait until he decides this knportant matter. It is believed that the regulations will call for some 3,800 local exemption boards, one from each county and one from each 30,000 people in cities of more than 30,000 inhabitants. The appointment and or ganization of these boards will take per haps a month or more. The law specifies that these local boards ‘‘shall be appointed by the President and consist of three or more members, none of whom shall be connected, with the military establish ment, to be chosen from amopg the local authorities of such sub-divisions or from other citizens residing in the sub-division or area in which the respective boards will have, jurisdiction under the rules and regulations prescribed by the President.” Those who are manifestly unfit and those who are exempted hy law Will be elimi nated before the draft. To do this will be a part of the work of the local boards. Exemption-of those who have families or others solely dependent on them for sup port and also the cases of those who are members of societies whose creed is against war, will be decided by the local boards. An appeal may be made from the decisions of these boards. The quota for the new national army will be 500.000 men. In addition to this a sufficient number will be drafted to re cruit the regular army and the National Guard up to war strength. Probably the draft will be called for at least 1,000,000 men, and out of these perhaps about 600,000 in all will be finally accepted. GERMANY’S FLEET WANTS TO FIGHT. A leading German newspaper announces that the German fleet is anxious to meet the British in a naval battle. They are safe in their fortified harbor behind their mines, while their submarines and torpedo boats keep guard just outside, and there they will remain. Sending out their fleet to fight the British will be the last card which the Kaiser will play, before he falls to his knees and begs for mercy. Just about a year ago his ships came out to give battle near Jutland. The first anniversary of that battle has just been celebrated in London. London does not celebrate defeats. The fact is that the Ger mans were beaten and the ships that were able steamed to safety, where they have since remained. If the Germans want to fight they have only to come outside. The British fleet is waiting for them and Vice Admiral Sims is “all ready now, Sir.” Merrily the Game Goes On. At a special meeting of the directors of the Chicago Board of Trade, June 4th, the maximum price of corn for future delivery was fixed at SI.65 per bushel. Reduced to a plain statement this is equivalent to saving “you may gamble on corn, you may force prices up, but you must not go higher than $1.65 a bushel.’’ Not long ago Congress was talking about regulating prices of grain, and putting the speculators out of business, but the speculators are still manipulating our food products. “SECTIONALISM" AND TAXES. Whenever a Republican dares to make a protest against the East paying more than its share of taxes the Southerners raise the cry of “sectionalism.” In the House of Representatives recently, when a surtax of one-third of all income taxes was made retroactive for 1916, and Uncle Joe Cannon referred to the fact that the per capita Aealth of Kansas was about the same as that of Illinois and that the former only paid $140,000, the cry was raised of sectionalism. When he showed that only 3,000 persons in Texas, with nearly five million population (fifth in rank in the United States*, paid taxes, once more he was accused of sectional ism. Now facts are stubborn things and can not be eliminated by calling hard names. I he States which voted against Wilson last fall are going to bear the great bur den of the coming taxes. Professional men, business men, manufacturers, etc., are to pay heavily in taxes, surtaxes and on increased profits, but the cotton grow ers of the South escape. There is just as much reason to put a tax on cotton or sugar as there is on coffee or extra taxes on steel. We would be the last to raise the cry of sectionalism, but when the leading com mittees of Congress are headed by South ern men, when the North is discriminated against as compared with the South, we insist that the facts be taken into con sideration. There is no possible excuse for a retroactive tax which hits the North eastern portion of the country almost ex clusively. It is against common sense, against good public policy and, as we be lieve, against the Constitution. Never theless, the situation will be borne as cheerfully as possible, but we object to injecting sectionalism as a cry when there is nothing but cold fact involved.—Phila delphia Inquirer. SOUTH MONTVILLE. Mrs. Clifford Randall entertained the soap club last week. John Esancy and daughter Angie have gone to Burkettville to board. Enos Hatch of Belfast spent a few days last week with his daughter, Mrs. J. W. Sukeforth. A number from this place attended the auction of Jennie Caswell in Searsmont last week. E. H. Cram and wife and her mother, Elnora Harriman, made a business trip to Rockland last week. Orville Gross and family and Mrs O P. Fuller of Camden visited relatives here one day this week. The W. C. T. U. met last week with Chessell Davis. Four new members joined. The next meeting will be with Hazel Adams. C. S. Adams and wife went to Water town, Mass., last week, called there by the sudden death of his niece, Mrs. Minnie Leighr Lapaline, who died with brain trouble. It was a great shock to her many relatives and friends. Mrs. Adams did not accompany her husband home, but will visit her sisters in Haverhill, Mass. Chase the Ache, Kill the Pain. Get busy. Act now. Use Sloan's Liniment for your rheumatic pains, toothache, neuralgia, sore muscles, stiff joints, BprBins and strains. Better than anything you ever tried to soothe hurts, reduce swelling and inflammation. Cleaner than ointments or plasters, as it does not clog the pores or stain the skin. Easy to apply, it penetrates without tubbing. Always have a bottle of Sloan's Liniment in your rm d* icine cheat. At your druggist, 26c., 60c., Sl.OO Omiaren uir FOR FLETCHER’S O ASTORIA tiiiim ■ ■ A " vT I J ; Multiply it by four (■— You save a visible keep-it-in-ycur-pocket sum ! fe when you buy one Diamond Tire. Ill* 1 £= Your tire dealer will assure you that you can ^=jf 1 save four times as much by using Diamonds on all four wheels. Ee Ke knows the saving and the service. That’s I why he recommends Diamonds. That’s why he is a good accessory dealer for you. s= .Diamond « mjt* W Tires ® J ^ For Automobiles, Bicycles and Motorcycles > | A. H. PATTERSON r | MAIN ST., BELFAST, ME. J tWillWIIIIIWlllliPWWBitr Copper Mining in Bluehill. — Preparations are being made to reopen and operate the old Douglass copper mine I in Bluehill. It will be remembered by I many, that a little less than 40 years ago 1 a mining craze swept over the State. The excitement was centered in Bluehill where copper ore was found and in Sulli van where the metal sought was silver. The Douglass was one of the pioneer mines. At least eleven so-called mines were opened within half a mile of the Douglass, the most noted of which were the Bluehill and the Twin Lead. The region where these operations were carried on is broken by an irregular chain of ledge hills, not very high, the foot ! hills of Bluehill mountain. A road winds along between these hills, which seemed to me never to have been built but to have evolved from an old logging road. | The hills were mostly covered with a scanty and half starved growth of trees. The only farm within the mining area was the Douglass farm. Here lived Uncle Veenie Douglass, as we all called that good old man His wife was a sister of Capt. Robert and Mr. Thomas Limeburner, who were so long citizens of Belfast. A fine old couple they were, growing old to gether in their snug little white house which was upon the sunny side of a few green acres of stony fields. Adjoining the fields on the westerly side was a pas ture where there was a little earth in places and much bald ledge. This pas ture was of some 15 or 20 acres in extent and when the Douglass mine was organ ized the incorporators paid Uncle Veenie $10,000 in good American money for the pasture and here was then and is now the Douglass Mine. About two years later Uncle Veeniesold the rest of his farm to another mining corporation for $15,000 spot cash. The Douglass mine reached a depth of some what over 200 feet. The shaft was ledge every inch of it from the grass roots down. A large chamber was blasted out which I should judge was 100 feet long, 16 feet wide and 80 feet high. I think I have understated the size of this, but I wish to keep well within bounds in this article. When this rock was hoisted to the surface it was “cobbed,” that is broken by sledge hammers into pieces more or less large and then the pieces were sorted, some going to the ore dump and some to the waste dump. The com pany employed a large force of men and at the end of a year of active work the ore dump became in truth very large. The problem then was to turn this ore into money. The company had no re duction works, no smelter, no crush ing stamps. The ore was chalcopyrite which, plainly stated, is a combination of copper, sulphur and iron. The chalcopy rite was embedded in very hard quartzite. The Douglass company decided to use the concentration process, by which they ex pected to get rid of the quartzite and would then ship the concentrate to New Jersey for reduction. A big building was erected and equipped. The rock first went through a crushing stamp. From this it passed through between three sets of Cornish steel, chill hardened rollers. When the last set finished its work the rock was reduced to a powder. The dust then was washed in a set of riffles, so ar ranged that the water carried off the ugiiici quai i/, u jai ciiiu me uie uusi ieii to the bottom of the riffle tanks. This plan did not prove successful because, owing to the hardness of the quartzite, the rolls soon were made worthless. This experiment must have cost the company $50,000 before it was abandoned. The company then decided to erect a smelter. The first thing to be done was to get rid of the sulphur. Quantities of wood were obtained, a part of which was cross piled on a space about an eighth of an acre in extent. On top or this was piled a layer of rock from the ore dump. Then another layer of wood, then more ore, till a high pile was made. The wood was then set on fire. The fire smoulder ed and fumes of sulphur filled the air. These fumes killed all the vegetation in the vicinity, and later on the fall rains leached the ashes and the water ran into a nearby pond and killed the fish. In the mean time a smelter had been built and a baffling effort was made to separate the copper from the rock. The flux ordi narily used in smelting was not adapted to the treatment of Douglass ore. Suffi cient success was had, however, to enable the company to smelt and refine a few thousand dollars worth of fine ingot cop per. When the Douglass mine opened ingot copper was worth about 22 cents a pound. When the first ingots of Douglass copper was ready for market the price had fallen to 11 or 12 cents a pound. The company had expended some $300,000. . There was no reason to expect a rise in copper metal. Bluehill ore is a low grade ore and under the conditions then existing it was thought best to abandon the work. The improve ment in proceasea of reduction and the high prices to be obtained for copper may enable the present company to make a success of this venture. A. I. BROWN. PRIVATE DYER’S AMBITION. Vinalhaven Boy Serving in Marine Corps. Hopes To Go To Annapolis. Private Leslie B. Dyer of the U. S. S. Texas, is ill in a southern hospital with a severe case of measles, but is doing line. He writes that he hopes to take a furlough home to recuperate, as his eyes are bad. He, as well as his people, is doubly disap pointed, as he had been nominated by Congressman Hon. Wallace H. White, Jr., as a possible candidate for Annapolis. The examination took place in Lewiston May 26th, and Private Dyer had contem plated taking this trip. The Navy De partment would have granted him a leave of absence at once had he passed the ex amination. He will, however, try the one aboard ship June 27£h, which is open to 100 boys under 20 years of age. Had he been able to have taken the trip to Lewiston, he would have been just 19 years and 2 months t& a day. As this is only open to boys who have served 1 year or more in the Navy this was a special privilege. But Congressman White had found by consulting the Navy Depart ment that he could appoint one already in service, and Mr. Dyer’s record of ser vice, in his enlistment of nearly 11 months and as one of Uncle Sam’s sol diers of the sea had proven, that he could make good. His many friends hope for his speedy recovery, and that he may pass the ex amination, which would gain him en trance at the Annapolis Naval Academy. His mother was formerly (Nellie R. Sheldon! Dyer, well known as a teacher, now the wife of Mr. Ira O. Allen, a Civil War veteran, 15th Maine. Common Sense from a Cabinet Officer. Keep Good Food Out of Your Garbage Pail and Kitchen Sink, Don’t Feed High Priced Human Food to Hogs or Chickens. “For partial immediate relief, every in dividual and community should consider earnestly the matter of food conservation and the limitation of waste. As a nation we seem to have a disdain of economiz ing. In many homes there is a strong feeling that it is ‘only decent’ to provide more food than will be eaten and that it is demeaning to reckon closely. The ex perts of the Department of Agriculture report to me that the dietary studies made by them point to an annual food waste of about $700,000,000. Of course, the waste in families of very limited means is slight, but in the families of moderate and ample means the waste is considerable. Even if the estimate were reduced by half, the waste would still be enormous. “The food waste in the household, the experts assert, results in large measure from bad preparation and bad cooking, from improper care and handling, and, in well-to-do families, from serving an un due number of courses and an over-abun dant supply and failing to save and utilize the food not consumed. As an instance of improper handling, it is discovered that in the preparation of potatoes 20 per cent of the edible portion in many cases is discarded.”—Secretary of Agriculture, March 3, 1917. Food is wasted when anything edible is allowed to go to the garbage pail or al lowed to spoil for lack of proper handling. Food is wasted when too much is serv ed at a meal. Uneaten portions are left on the plate and later thrown into the garbage pail. Learn to know the needs of your family and serve each no more than you think he will want. Fnrwl ic tlfuctorl urbon + r»rv T"n 11r-K Jo nro_ pared for a meal. Unserved portions are likely to be thrown into the garbage pail or allowed to spoil. Many housekeepers do not know how to use left-over foods to make appetizing dishes. Food is wasted when burned or spoiled in cooking. Improperly prepared or poor ly seasoned food will be left on the table and probably wasted. Buy food wisely and then prepare it carefully. Food is wasted when handled careless ly. Buy clean food, keep it clean until used, and be neat in all details of cook ing and serving. This lessens waste and is a valuable health measure as well. Food is wasted when we eat more than our bodies need for growth and repair and to supply energy for our work. Overeating tends to poor health and fat instead of brawn, makes us sluggish and indolent instead of energetic and re sourceful. Eat enough and no more. Eat for physical and mental efficiency. Demonstrate thrift in your home, make saving, rather than spending, your social standard. Begin to save today. For practical ad vice on how to feed your family efficient ly and make the most of the food you buy or raise, write today to your State Agricultural College, to your county agent, or to the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. HOW’S THIS? We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that cannot be cured by Hall’s Catarrh Cure. Hall’s Catarrh Cure has been taken by catar rh sufferers for the past thirty-five years, and has become known as the most reliable remedy for Catarrh. Hall’s Catarrh Cure acts through the Blood on the Mucous surfaces, expelling the Poison from the Blood and healing the diseased portions. After you have taken Hall’s Catarrh Cure for a short time you will see a great improve ment in your general health Start taking Hall’s Catarrh Cure at once and get rid of ca tarrh. Send for testimonials, free, F. J CHENEY ft CO.. Toledo, Ohio. Sold by all Druggists, 76c. RECRUITS OFF TO BORDER TO TRAIN FOR^u^| Photo by American Press Association. For« Cool Clean Kitchen The New Perfection Oil Cook Stove'. It's different. Cooks fast < slow as you like, without soot, or ashes, or drudgery. And cheap than coal or gas. The Long Blue Chimney, that’s the reason. It’s as necessary, in order to obtain cle ,■ intense heat from an oil stove, as the long glass chimney is to obtain clean, satisfactory 1 light from an oil lamp. Equipped with the New Perfection Oven, it bakes better than the baker. Clean, fW air, correctly circulated. The New Perfection Kerosene Watet Heater will give you abundant steaming hot water at low cost. Ask your dealer for illustrated booklets on the New Perfection line. For best results use SOCONY Kerosene STANDARD OIL COMPANY of NEW YORK PRINCIPAL OFFICES: NEW YORK ALBANY BUFFALO BOSTON _ A I NEW P CTION OIL COOK LONG ARM OF WAR GEiS LAWMAKERS , i Edwin Denby, former member of congress from .Michigan, enlisting in the marine corps ns a private. Lower picture is Representative Augustus P. Gardner of Massachusetts, who has taken up his duties as a reserve officer. GOOD WORK. The whole Navy is watching the race in the building of submarine chasers, and there is a lively competition not only be tween the navy yards and the private builders but between the different Gov ernment yards themselves. The New York Navy Yard has the honor of launch ing the first of the new “subchasers,” which went into the water one day last week. The keel was laid on April ldt, and in five weeks the 110-foot vessel was in the water. Construction was started on another chaser at the New Orleans yard on April ldt, and this second boat is reported as about as far advanced in con struction as the one just sent into the water. She will be launched in Idle next few days. A good deal of work remains to be done, of course, to complete the vessels after they are launched, but both the private builders and navy yards are making new records in construction.— Seaman’s Journal. Safety First with Cough and Cold. “Oh, juat a cough,” today may become grippe or pneumonia tomorrow. Thousands die from neglected colds. Take Dr, King’s New Dis covery before your cougb bpcomos chronic A few doses check the cold hv killing the germs. The healing balsams so the the throat, loosen the phlegm and clear the air passages of secre tions which provoke coughing Contains mild* ly laxative ingredients which remove the waste that aggravates the cold. At your druggists, 60c., $100. i Always Belfast I xperiences i ■ Twelve Ye ! Kidney weakness can I But what caused it once Here’a a Belfast man attacks. Several times in twelve > used Du«*n’s Kidney Pills He says that Doan’s hav ! Twelve years ago Mr. Hea 1 Doan's jj He now confirms his stater < ter proof of merit? s Proved by years of exper Told by Belfast people. This is convincing testimon W. J. Heal, retired farmer Beltast, says: “I suffered v\ | kidneys. At times my hack that it was difficult for me t en up. Doan’s Kidney Pills 1 backache and corrected all 'lit kidneys. I take this medicti it keeps my kidneys in perfi ment given November 19, ! Colds Affect tilt- hi On November 1, 1916, iV have every hit as much e< Kidney Pills now as when ! endorsement. At times, w cold, I have noticed a slig> troubie, but Doan's )Kidru-> failed to give prompt relift Price 60c at all dealers, for a kidney ren edy-get I —the same that Mr. Heal recommended. Foster Mi Buffalo, New York. TRUCKING l am prepared to do all ki: Furniture and piano movn I ;jl 1 Have just added to my equ Acme auto true kmade by tbt cern. Leave orders at the si Main and Cross streets, and cetve prompt attention. Telephone connection. w.;w bi i,v iitV ckc Avii CHICHESTER S PlUi THE Ladleh! AaLyourH' A Chl-ohc«.t» r'n Riwn y* 1*1 11m in Red arut boxes, sealed with i Take no other VraMtRt. Ask for < HI • lHAMOMt ItKANH 1 'll years known as Best. Sa' t - SOLD BY DRUGGISTS tVf-RtWHt»