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ThE-Rj publican Journal.
S^jjME 93. NO. 5. BELFAST, MAINE, THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 3, 192E F1VE i^Tand^ Tbe Answer aestion has been asked fn|!0W i*1* 1 ... tlines: Will an election be vacancy caused by the K , I'arkhurst? The Ctn ,10? 1,1 ylone says. , .,|tice of Governor shall loath, resignation, re r otherwise, the presi .>iall exercise the office ,mother Governor shall id in case of the death, al from office or dis 1 resident of the Sen ie office of Governor, House of Representa :■ the office, until a 11ate shall have been : i ,e office of Governor, , mite, and speaker of .me vacant, in the the person acting as for the time! being, on convene the Sen i may be chosen to Governor.” •ne first Governor of accept an appomt ninmissioners of the it on Spanish claims. . son, then president of Acting-Governor un accept a seat in Con Mneeded by Benjamin the House, who con • office of Governor nf the term for which elected, which was :ay in January, 1822. ; iiird Governor elect . ,1 while in office and ,[ ulent of the Senate, , imr during the unex Lincoln’s tenure. In 1 airfield resigned to go , if, and Edward Kava the Senate, was Act le remainder of Gov. .1 1857, Hannibai 11am vernor and went to the again the president of i Williams, exercised ltmainder of the term, loseph R. Bodwell died of the Senate, S. S. nig-Governor a little i, when Edwin C. Bur , sled. We quote these g how the provisions ii have been interpreted. I' Baxter of Portland, of the Senate, is now of the State of Maine ARY C. STAPLES. 1 life closed its earth dan. 28th, in the death ■' Jew of the late Pem . ist Belfast. Death re >' gangrene. She was 31, 1842, the daugh and Sylvina Smart uas interested in many »r several years before is a member of the W. life she united with and was ever an ac v hristian. She leaves iwss one daughter, Char , William H. Staples, >ne brother and one s:s Albert H. Stinson and , both of Sheibcr^e, and example M.fs. 4 illustration of the >aves to the uttermost ii him. The funeral r late home Monday at 1 iliam Vaughan of East 4 The bearers were Is, E. li. Nickerson,L. II. E. Nickerson. In i Lawn Cemetery in blfivihe The Legislature. — A few days ago Hon. T. F. Callahan was reported in the Lewiston Journal as having made certain statements concern ing State expenditures which moved Re; • resentative Rounds of Portland to intro duce an order calling upon Mr. Callahan to appear before the Legislature and give its members all the information he had | relating to unwise or unauthorized ex penditure of State funds. This order after passage by the House, was reconsidered and laid on the table, where it will prob ably remain. Mr. Callahan was State Auditor a few years ago. He is an able man and it. >s his habit to thoroughly investigate before making important statements. What he says is worthy of careful consideration. We think, however, that the House acted wisely in reconsidering the Rounds ord r. Mr. Callahan’s testimony is not needed. I he Acts and Resolves of the Legislature will show what expenditures were legally authorized and the office of the State Au ditor has vouchers for all bills certified for payment. The books of the State 1 reasurer will show what payments have been made in behalf of the State. These are the sources from which ttie legisla ture should get information. The legislature of 1907 passed an act which provided a contingent fund of $10, 000 for the Governor and Council, this fund was to be used to pay small bills for which no appropriation had been made by the legislature. After this contingent fund had been spent, the Governor and Council had no authority to issue any warrants for the payment of bills for services rendered or for materials fur nished unless the legislature had made an appropriation therefor. During the ad i ministration of Governor Curtis, at his | recommendation, a law was passed in 1915, which created a very large con tingent fund. Mr Callahan is reported as having said that the Governor and Council, in 1920, drew orders on this fund for $1,195,586.50. He did not claim th .t they did anything which was not lawful or that there had been any graft, lie used the above figures and made other statements for tiie purpose of showing that it was not a wise policy to take the power of expenditure of public funds from the legislature which has authority to levy taxes, and to place it in the hands of the executive department. Well in formed people in Augusta are of the I opinion that the contingent law of 1915 i will he repealed. ) Senator Baxter of Portland has into duced a bill carrying a proposed appro ( priation of $100,000 to be u*ed in the pur i chase of land for the creation of a State park in the Katahdin region. It is be I lieved that the legislature will decide that at the present time there is a greater necessity for economy than there is for a State Park. A gentleman living in Au gusta who frequently goes to the State House has informed the writer that while the legislature is not disposed to be nig gardly its members seem to have resolved to keep State expenditures within reason able limits. ROBERT U. COLLImS. Belfast friends have received news of j tne death of Robert U. Collins, which ! took place Jan. 24th at his home in Kent held, Ca if. He was born in Belfast about 74 years ago, the son of Ibrook t. and Anna G. Collins. During the Civil War he served in the Navy. Many years of his life were spent in San Francisco, Calif., where he was manager of the Norcross Mining Co. Since retiring he has lived in Kentlield. One daughter, Miss Ina Collins, who lived with him, and a brother, Frank W. Collins of Rock land, survive him. : _ NATHAN CROCKETT News has been received of the death in Bid’deford of Nathan Crockett, a native of Belfast, who died Jan. 27th in the Webber hospital at the age of 62 years. He had lived in Biddeford for about 15 years and is survived by one brother and three sisters, Mrs. Nellie Spencer of Haverhill, Mass., Mrs. Mary Brown of Biddeford and Martha Roberts of West Enfield. ■■■■■■■■■■■■■ rRIDAY ftHD SATURDAY SPECIALS Compound Lard 14c !Aoia$ses85c! 0'illon A LI. FLAVORS Jell-010* Gold Medal Flour $1.50 a bag f>NNAN 4 Ac ■ haddies 10°. Brooms each Ii ^Perry’s1 Market Next Sunday i he Universalist Church will be special service for the firemen, who : attend in a body. hEV. WILLIAM VAUGHAN will give one of roost interesting and helpful talks and there he special music by the choir. We promise , ' ' an hour of pleasure and profit in one of the ' ,s' cheerful and homelike churches in the’city. Everybody welcome at 10.30 every Sunday morning. GOVERNOR PARKHURST DIES MONDAY FORENOON r JGOVHRNOR 1-KfcCHRlC H. PARKHURST Augusta, Maine, Jan. 31. Gov. Frederic H. Parkhurst, Governor of Maine, died today. He failed to recover from the effects of a diphtheritic infection under the'tongue with which he was attacked three weeks ago. Apparently he was improving until late last night when he had chills and became unconscious. Death followed at 9.22 this morning. Gov. Parkhurst is automatically succeeded by Percival P. Baxter of Portland, president of the Senate. The last Governor to die in office was Joseph R. Bodwell of Hallowed, whose death occurred in 1887. His successor was Sebastian S. Marble of Waldoboro, president of the Senate. Gov. Parkhurst was inaugurated as the 46th Governor of Maine on Jan. 6. Five days later he was taken id at the State House. His tongue was badly swollen and he said it felt as if it had been struck a severe blow. He was removed to his apartments in the Augusta House where physicians found his tongue had become in fected and there were symptoms of diphtheria. His family physician was hastily summoned from Bangor for consulta tion with Augusta doctors. The inflammatory condition beneath his tongue became extremely acute and was accompanied by increased swelling but with no throat infection apparent. Diagnosis developed a diphtheric infection under the tongue and without waiting to confirm by cultural test it was decided to give massive doses of anti-toxine. Thej were administered within the next 24 hours. The Governor responded splendidly to the heroic treat ment. Two days later he was able to swallow small amounts of liquid nourishment, and from that time on his conditior continued to improve. He remained in his hotel apartment until about a week ago when he went to the Blaine House, home of the late James G. Blaine, now the new executive mansion. He was getting better and during the week attended to some public business. It was expected he would be able to go to the executive department in another week. The immediate cause of death was given as pneumonia, which developed last night, Mrs. Parkhurst was with him when he died. ___ SOUTH FREEDOM Mrs. Alice Bartlett is laid up with rheu matism. Burbank Taylor called on old nighbors \ January 27th. ! The farmers in this vicinity are har j vesting their ide and cutting their wood, i Tom Richards had the misfortune to 1 cut his knee while chopping in the woods for I. N. Quigg. _ Friends of Mrs. Florence Went wort 1 are glad to hear she is improving aftei her recent illness. Mrs. Adelaide Richardson in going from her home to her son’s home, a short dis tance, fell on the ice and fractured hoi | hip. | Raymond Aldus vs. Consumers’ Fuel Co. and the Maiyland Casualty Co., a petition to adjust medical bills, will'* heard in this city Feb. 8th. BASKET BALL .__._ Saturday, Feb. 5, ’21 CAMDEN Y. M. C. A. vs. BELFAST A. A. AT THE ARMORY THE OPEN SHOP. / Arthur Ritchie, Esq., addressed the Men’s Forum of the North Congrega tional Church last Sunday on one of the most timely subjects before the public of today, ‘The Open Shop,” and it will be read with interest and profit by all tbink 1 ing people. The full text follows: “Mr. President and Gentlemen of the | Forum: Being unpractised in sermoniz j ing or lecturing, when your pastor asked me to select a subject and open a dis : cussion 1 was reluctant to accept and was , at a loss to choose a subject. However, ; your pastor kindly suggested the 'Open Shop,’ which subject has been a matter under consideration in my mind for a long time. “The term Open Shop’ has a distinc [ tive trade meaning and in reference to irade matters means that in selecting employees there should be no discrimina j tion between union and non-union men* i The term excludes the idea of discrimi ! nation against men because of their mem ! bership in a union. The moment men are discriminated against with reference to their employment because they are union men, the shop pursuing that policy becomes a ‘closed’ shop. The principle of the ‘open shop’ is that men are em ployed regardless of whether they are ! union or non-union. This is the sense in which ‘open shop’ is invariably used, the | employer who does not discriminate be tween union and non-union labor, but leaves the matter to the voluntary choice of his employees maintains an ‘open shop ’ Whether measured by the Democratic principle of equal rights to all and special privileges to none, or the Republican principle of the greatest good to the greatest number, it seems to me that the ‘open shop’ is the only wise course for America to pursue. Nearly 30 years ago I heard Eugene V. Debs talk to the labor ing men of Portland about the time ‘Ere i England’s grief began, when every rod of ground maintained its man.’ He was probably drawing a salary of $5,000 a year from the labor unions, and ever since I have observed demagogues and agitators who appeared to me to be try ing to arouse the laboring people to sup port them in luxury by stirring up dis content and disloyalty towards employers and the government. So there develops in the workingman a sense of grim op pression. ‘The difference between old time slavery and present slavery is this,’ said Eugene V. Debs in Fanueil Hall: The old-time slaves were worth $1,500 a head, but you duffers down ythere ongtbe floor aren’t worth fitty cents a car-load.’ think to such men is due in iarge measure the present unrest in the country. Labor leaders took advantage of the stress of war in transportation matters and wml to Washington and co - erced Congress into passing the Adamson law and now that three and one-hall million of labor ers are out ot employment, the labor leaders charge that employers are taking advantage of the fact to bring about the open shop’ and destroy ail that the trades’ unions have accomplished. “The labor leaders looked upon the Clayton Act as labor's.Magna Cliarta, or labor’s Bill of Rights, those fundamental principles ot industrial liberty which were among the first features of the po litical policy which the American feder ation of Daboi inaugurated m iy(J6. They exulted in the words that the laoor of a human being is not a commodity or an article ot commerce. Now tile Supreme Court holds that the international asso ciation ot machinists were violating the anti-trust law when they tried to prevent the customers ot the Duplex Printing Press Co. ot Battle Creek, Michigan, from buying or installing Duplex presses. ; Tue court holds that such a boycott is not included among the rights guaranteed to the labor unions by the Clayton Act— That to instigate a sympathetic strike in ' aid ot a secoudaiy boycott cannot be ueemed one of the peaceful and lawfu methods which the law allows the unions to employ. But Mr. Gompers says the decision is a blow at the movement foi human freedom and progress and in ac cord with the most heartless wishes of I predatory greed denying the aspirations Ul Humanity* xxxvw .V.V.U..WUB | brought out by tbe Lockwood committee of New York of extortion and blackmail by labor leaders trying to torce the closed shop comes the news that the belhlehem Steel Co. is not only following the open shop gospel itself, but is steadily follow ing the policy of selling no steel to build ers wbo will not adhere to the open shop principles. Thus the open shop war is on in earnest. “I always admired Grover Cleveland for the stand he took in the Homestead strike by calling out the federal troops to quell riot and bloodshed. W hen told by the unions’ attorneys that he 1 ad no au thority to call out tile federal troops in such a case he replh d that the govern ment mail should go forward and that he would look up the law afterwards. “Kansas has recently instituted an in dustrial court in which disputes betwee11 employer and employee can be settled. I am sure these things go to show that the force and violence used by agitators for the closed shop to carry out their princi ples are unnecessary.” “The light for the open shop is a fight for American freedom of contract, for I efficiency and the right to work. Its ad | vocates believe that each worker will do his best if he is rewarded in proportion to the quality and quantity of his labor. The closed shop militates against the de velopment of individual skill and crushes individual initiative and efficiency be cause union rules prevent the retention of good men, an unscientific system of seniority being insisted upon.” “In the open shop the individual ob tainsja chance by good work and fidelity to the interests of his employer. This latter is a quality generally absent from the closed shop, because of the extent to which socialistic tendencies have per meated the unions. Unions have become bullies, having grown until they terror ize both employer and worker. They have left the owner of the closed shop virtually no voice in the conduct of his business. But this does not place the employer in opposition to real construc tive unionism. He is opposed to the evils that have grown into unionism, not to the thing itself.” “I think the tendency among laborers and employers is in .favor of the open shop and for arbitration by a joint com mittee from both the employers and em ployees, as advanced by the recent ac tion in the Pennsylvania K. R. case. ‘‘I believe in unionism and in collec tive bargaining. The two combined have spe 1 labor towards its just rewards. But I do not believe in labor’s domination of business or government any more than I believe that capital shall dominate. “In the open shop the workman can give, as each workman should give, to his task the highest degree of efficiency. There isn’t any other way to keep wages high and lower the cost of living to any appreciable degree. The menace of the present day is inefficient production. The slacker, the loafer on the job, is not only the greatest obstacle to labor’s ad vancement, but he is cheating his fel lows more than he is his employer. The workman who deliberately adds to cost robs his fellow workmen who must buy and impedes the way to that ideal condi tion in which wage exceeds the cost of living and there is a balance for the bank account, for home requirements, indul gence and amusement. “My idea of the closed shop is that it encourages slothfulness and inefficiency and holds back the energetic and pro gressive workers for the reason that each in his class gets the same pay. A feeling is engendered that the employers are antagonistic to the laborers and that labor is degrading, whereas it is as digni fied as the capitalists’ activities. “In the words ol Goveruut Cuolidge. ‘All growth depends upon activity. Life is manifest only by action. There is no development physically or mentally with out effort, and effort means work. Work is not a curse, it is the prerogative of intelligence, the only means to manhood, and the measure of civilization. Savages do not work. The growth of a sentiment that despises work is an appeal from civ ilization to barbarism.’ I agree that the measure of success is not merchandise but character. But I do criticise those sentiments, held in all too respectable quarters, that our eco nomic system is fundamentally wrong, that commerce is only selfishness and that our citizens, holding the hope of ail that America means, are living in indus trial slavery. I appeal to all to reiterate and sustain the doctrine that the ma-n who tuilds a factory builds a temple, that the man who works there worships there, aud to each is due not scorn and blame, but reverence and praise.” AN OPPORTUNITY FOR WALDO COUNTY BOYS Charles D. Woods, director of Agri culture at Camp Devens, Mass., is inter ested in filling that camp’s quota with young men between the ages of 17 and 23 whose enlistment must be made with i in the next two months if they care to | take advantage of the opportunity. “Briefly stated, it is the purpose of the War Department to annually enlist from rural New England several hundred young men who have not had and cannot obtain a high school education; take them to Camp Devens, Mass.y furnish them with comfortable quarters, good food, well fitting clothing, suitable recre ation and thirty dollars a month; teach them the essentials of military life, prac tical civics and practical agriculture; and at the end of their enlistment return them to their homes better equipped physically and mentally for citizenship, leadership and earning their livelihood on the farm.” DODGE-PEN DLETON Judson H. Dodge and Miss Ruth A. Pendleton, both of Islesboro, were mar ried at the Methodist parsonage, 7 Court street, in this city at 3.30 p. m. Tuesday, Feb. 1st. Rev. Charles W. Martin cfTi ciated with the single ring service. The bride wore a becoming dress of b ue serge with coat and hat to blend. They were attended by Mr. and Mrs. Sewall B. Fletcher of Belfast. The groom is the son of Capt. and Mrs. Sylvanus Dodge and is a marine engineer. His bride is the daughter of Capt. and Mrs. James Pendleton. To the Citizens of Belfast: As a mark of respect to the memory of * our late and honored Governor, the Hon. Frederick Hale Parkhurst of Bangor,who died at the Blaine Mansion, Augusta, at twelve minutes after nine o’clock on Monday morning, Jan. 31, it is requested that all business places of every kind close and all activities cease from 10 to 11 a. in. Feb. 3, 1921, during the funeral to be held at Augusta at ten o’clock a. m.; and that all flags on City premises shall be displayed at half-mast, during the day. Belfast with all other cities and towns mourns the great loss which has befallen the State in the death of our most highly honored citizen and Governor, stricken at the moment of his highest ability and greatest usefulness to the State, and ex tends to his family its deepest sympathy in this grief and sorrow which has befal len them. Issued at Belfast, Maine, this first day of lebruary, ninteen hundred and *wen ty-one. C. W. WESCOTT, Mayer PERSONAL. . Evan I. Witson of the U. of M. arrived Friday to spend a few days with his par ents, Mr. and Mrs. F. I. Wilson. Mr. J, Leslie Colby is improving from a serious illness with pneumonia. Mrs. Irene Slipp Kimball went to Port land Saturday lor a few days’ visit Dr. and Mrs. Carl H. Stevens were in Bangor over Sunday on business and pleasure. Mrs. V. A. Simmons is in Wells R.ver, Vt., the guest of her daughter, Mrs. E. M. Corliss and family. Miss Margaret L. Keene was at homo from Augusta to spend Sunday with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. William K. Keene. E. L. Grant returned last Thursday to his home in Monroe after an operation at the Tapley Hospital about three weeks ago. Mrs Charles E. Purrington arrived re cently for a short visit in Belfast, the guest of Mr. and Mrs. Carroll A. Thomp son. Mr. and Mrs. R. M. Cleale of Woitais ton, Mass., were in Belfast the past week called by the death of Mrs. Mary C. Staples. Herbert H. Stevens returned last Fri day from a business trip to Boston i> the interest of Leonard, Stevens & Baefce shoe factory. Mrs. Addie Condon Welch left last Friday to spend the remainder of the winter in Worcester, Northboro and Sut ton, Mass. Miss Louise McDonough lias returned , from Brownville, where she lias beeu the i guest several days’df her brother; Dt. T. | Fi. McDonough. Howard E. Wilson returned Monday to | the U. of M. after spending a few days | with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Lester A : Wilson of Poor’s Mills, j C. J. Carroll of Boston has been la Be) ; fast the past week on business in connec tion with Leonard, Stevens & Scarce. He was registered at the Windsor Hotel. Miss Belle Keating left Monday tc spend several weeks in Boston and vi cinity. She will be the guest of her sis | ter, Miss Clara B. Keating of Allston, Mass. Mr. and Mrs. F. E. Cottrell and son Karl returned to Rockland Sunday night after a short visit in Belfast, where they were called by the death of Mr. Cottrell’s mother, Mrs. C. C. Glover. Mrs. John Mattola, who has been the guest several weeks of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Edwin A. Colcord, left Tuesday ! to join her husband in East Boston, wnere 1 they are now located. Charles W. Frederick, accompan.e j by ; his mother, Mrs. Augusta S. Frederick, 1 and Miss Mary Owen wili leave next Monday to spend the remainder c: the winter in St. Augustine, Fla. Mrs. Harry H. Upton and little daugh ter, Sheila Mary, have returned to tneir home in Springvale after an extended visit with Mrs. Upton's mother, Mrs. J. O Hayes, and other relatives. Fred V. Cottrell and I. M. Cot re. re turned Monday noon to their homes in Boston and West Somerville, Mass , alter a short visit with their sister, Mrs. Charles Bradbury, called here by the i death of their mother, Mrs. C. C v. - ver. SAVING A Bank is not only to save money. It is to save people. SAVE YOUR MONEY AND YOUR MONEY WILL SAVE YOU. At least it will save you from hunger, dis tress, humiliation, cold, morbid thoughts and wretched conditions. This Bank is at your service. Let us help you save. We Pay 4% Accounts. ^Waldo Trust Company sc UNITY BELFAST BROOKS MAINE