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THEi'HQEMiiJiIISItiIM'S Office*: 528 W. Granadk Rd., Phoenix, Arizona. Phone: 4-7494 M. B. GOLDMAN, JR., AND JOSEPH S. STOCKER, Publisher* Bertha Goldman and Ida M. Stocker, Associate Editor* Official Organ of the Jewish Community of Phoenix Published Every Other Friday Member of Jewish Telegraphic Agency VoL 11. No. 4 Dec. 31, 1948 The ’ New ’ News It’s time for a restatement of policy by The Phoenix Jewish News. It’s time, as we say, because this is byway of being a “new” News —larger in content, published twice as often as before, presenting advertising for the first time and operated now under private management. And it’s a re statement of policy because, while there’s the glossy sheen of newness on the paper and, we hope, a bit more of journ alistic sophistication, our policy will remain inflexibly un changed. That policy can be simply put: To serve the Jewish people of Phoenix —all of them—in every way possible. Period. . Having helped in the founding of The News more than a year ago and having nursed the infant through its cradle days, we, the publishers, like to think that, during the 15-odd months of the paper’s ‘‘probation ” we have achieved the goal of service in at least modest fashion. It was a labor of love for us then, for the paper was en tirely non-commercial. Now it’s our business. Thus, y the same token, it’s our business to serve the best interests of Phoenix Jewry always. That means giving you all the news in which you are interested—news of what is happening here within our own community, news of what is happening in new and burgeoning Israel, news of what is happening amongst Jewry the world over. It means supporting the ever widening activities of the Phoenix Jewish Community Council and its many entities. It means doing all we can to build inter-faith understanding and friendship. It means utmost fairness in the editing and evaluating of the news, whatever the issues involved. We believe you will like the “new” News and look forward to finding it in your mailbox every other Friday. We’ll certainly do our best to make it a more integral pa of our community life than ever before. Clear Sailing Ahead It is splendid news that full settlement of differences between the United Palestine Appeal and ft® C°numttee of Contributors and Workers has been reached. Coming at a time when Phoenix and Jewish communities through out the nation are beginning to plan for their 1949 cam paigns, the split had, until its settlement, delayed prep arations for raising funds to assist m the transportation and adjustment of thousands of immigrants)to Israel. Praise should go to the Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds and particularly to the chairman o its Conciliation Committee, Mr. Edwin Rosenberg. This announcement is greeted by all Phoenix Jewry with ioy and with the determination to raise the maximum of funds in the United Jewish Welfare Fund Drive set for the first two weeks in February. The Chanukah Quiz Box By Rabbi Samuel J. Fox (Copyright, 1948, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.) QUESTION: What is the mean ing of “Chanukah?” ANSWER: Technically, the word is taken to mean “dedica tion” or “inauguration.” In this sense it is implied that the Chan ukah festival commemorates the dedication of the altar and puri fication of the sanctuary which had been defiled at the hands of the pagan oppressors under the leadership of Antiochus Epiphanes, the tryant. It is interesting to note that the very formal sanctuary, the “Mishkan” (tabernacle) which the Israelites constructed in the des ert, was originally to have been dedicated on the same date as that which is marked on our current calendar as “Chanukah” (25th of Kislev), according to the Talmud, since it was actually completed on that day. Instead, the inaugura tion was postponed until Nisan and the original date on the cal endar was used for the same pur pose. There are other sources which read a different interpretation in to the name “Chanukah.” They break the word into two words (i.e. “Chanu” and Kah”). The first half means “they rested” while the second half represents the numerical equivalence of “25.” According to this interpretation, the meaning is that the gallant Maccabees who took up arms against the oppressors gained their victory and “rested” from their heroic struggle on the “25th” day of the month of Kislev. Still another source insists that the five-letter Hebrew word “Chanukah” is an abbreviation signifying that we light eight candles and that the procedure of lighting them is like that pre scribed by the followers of “Hil lel.” THE PHOENIX JEWISH NEWS Between You and Me UN Rebuff Is Not Serious By Boris Smolar (Copyright, 1948, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.) U.N. ECHOES: The delay in action on the Israeli application for membership in the United Na tions does not worry any of the : Israeli leaders. ... It is certain that sooner or later Israel will be admitted into the U.N. as a full , fledged member. . . . However, t the temporary postponement may for the time being affect the Jerusalem situation. . . . ■ The tendency is still strong in the U.N. to place Jerusalem under an international regime, as provided in the partition decision. . . . But it is known that "for some time quiet talks have been going on between U.N. acting mediator Ralph Bunche and Israeli leaders with regard to Jerusalem. . . . The conversations centered about the question of how to “inter nationalize” Jerusalem and at the same time meet the Jewish re quest that the city— with the ex ception of its walled section—be made part of Israel. . . . The idea was that if Israel is given membership in the United Nations, the Israeli Government could be chosen trustee and ad ministrator for Jerusalem on be half of the U.N. for as long as the city would remain under U.N. trusteeship. . . . The trustee for the Old City in Jerusalem would, under this scheme, be one of the Arab coun tries. . . . Eventually a plebiscite would have been carried out lead ing, without doubt, to Jerusalem’s joining the state of Israel out right. . . . * * * COMMUNAL CURRENTS: Although the conflict in the United Palestine Appeal has finally been settled on terms acceptable to all involved, the dissident group known as the Committee of Contribu tors and Workers has not dissolved itself. . . . However, the U.P.A leaders did not press for dissolution of the group, since the possibility of its indulging in an inde pendent fund-raising cam paign is over. . . . The big question now is the national conference of the United Jewish Appeal at which the quota for 1949 will be set. . . . There is no time left in December for this conference. ... It can only be convoked either in the be ginning or the end of Janu ary, since the week-end in the middle of the month is set aside for the General Assem bly of the Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds. . . . On the other hand, the community leaders who gath er from all parts of the coun try at the General Assembly of the C.J.F.W.F. are prac tically the same who usually attend the U.J.A. annual parley. . . . Discussions are, therefore, now in progress between the C.J.F.W.F. and the U.J.A. with a view to co ordinating both parleys in such 'fashion as to have them follow each other in Insurance Is Our Business Representing Foremost Insurance Companies Automobile Marine Burglary Public Liability Fire Surety Bonds Personal Property Floaters ★ DEAN S. DAVIDSON Insurance Agency 517 N. Central Phone 4-8421 The World Over By Deborah Jaffa Metz A YEAR OF RECKONING— One year ago today, the Jews of Palestine were surrounded by hos tile Arab governments, threaten ing a gigantic, British-backed in -1 vasion to prevent Jewish state -1 hood. It is the miracle of 1948 ■ that the Israeli army has been ! able to defend its borders so ade -1 quately that the British have been ! forced to make some changes in • their Middle East camel vs. air i plane strategy. Most recently, in the U.N. the ’ British have had to abandon the Bernadotte plan for Palestine, but in retreating they have left behind them, as a last spiteful gesture, the sabotaging of Israeli efforts to gain membership in the U.N. It seems possible, however, that , Britain will give de facto recog nition to the Jewish state before Jan. 25. On that date elections will take place in Israel, and some British leaders hope, by extend ing recognition, to swing the elec tion in favor of parties with an “Anglo-American-orientation.” Re cent speeches by Winston Churchill and Anthony Eden point the way. * * * THE LONG WAY HOME—4SOO Jewish displaced persons set sail almost 2 years ago aboard the Exodus 1947, heading for the shores of Isreal, and home. How the British “guardians” of Pales tine welcomed them, murdered their captain, and sent them back to Germany in order to make an example of them to all remaining D.P.’s—this is the story told by Miss Ruth Gruber in “Destination Palestine”, an eye-witness account of the story. Americans need this book to the same city during the same week-end. . . . Thus Philadelphia would, for a week, become the center of American Jewish communal life. . . . ** * i THE TRUE SHYLOCK: Shake speare’s portrait of Shylock has for generations promoted any thing but goodwill for Jews. . . . The Jewish merchant of Venice has been presented ,as a blood thirsty money-lender, insistent on collecting his “pound of flesh”. . . A different portrait of the same Shylock is now given in “Jessica, My Daughter” by Ari Ibn-Zahav, just published by Crown Publish ers. ... BEST of LUCK The Phoenix Jewish News Mr. and Mrs. George Ghiz Wish All Their Customers A Happy New Year St. & E. Washington 7th St. & Ind. School Rd. December 31, 1948 gain a sympathetic insight into the hearts and minds of the displaced persons, and to know the measure of Britain’s ruthlessness and bru tality in attempting to destroy the Jewish state. American Jews need this book most of all, to compre hend what we have been spared, and to feel the depth of our broth ers’ heroism. It is no longer a source of wond er that Israel was able to with stand the invading Arab hordes. The Exodus refugees, seasoned by suffering and incredible hardship, have all managed to return to Israel, where their courage has helped to turn the tide. * * * COLLEGIATE DREAM— If I were 15 years younger, I should set my course for New England, and apply for admission to Brand ed University in Waltham, Mass. Imagine having Dr. Abram L. Sachar as my college president, and Ludwig Lewisohn as my pro fessor of English! Imagine plan ning all school activities so that none took place on Sabbath or holidays! But most of all, I’m sure I should be happy to know that every student on the campus was there because he measured up to certain scholastic standards—his religion, his race, his color, his social background were never questioned before admittance, be cause, although the university is Jewish-sponsored, it is determin edly non-sectarian. Yes, I wish I were young en ough to share first-hand in the realization of a wonderful Jewish ideal. But even here in Phoenix I am not too far away to feel the warmest pride in this new Ameri can-Jewish epic. The Israeli author, who is now a guest in the United States, re constructed the Shylock story not in the Shakespearean vein, but as it might have been had Shake speare done the historical research Ibn-Zahav did. ... It is one of those rare cases where a younger writer dares to modify the writ ing of an established and world recognized classic. . . . The Jewish merchant of Venice emerges in Ibn-Zahav’s novel not as a brutal man, but a loving father and a Jew who displays great generosity in trying to help Jews in other cities who suffer persecution and torture because of their religion.