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V PAGE NO. 2 . PALATKA DAILY NEWS 5 Hi.. 7 IJalatka Baihj mjh Published Every Afternoon Except Sunday, at Polotka, Florida, by Vickers& Guerrry. M. M. Vickera ...Business Manager. Goode M. Guerry . ; Editor. Miss Nell Lucas .. Society Editor. The management reserves the right to reject all ob jectionable advertising. Rates for advertising space made known on application. Subscription prices in advance One year j. $5.00 One month. . 60c Six months $2.50 One week 15c Telephone 195 TUESDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1919 CERMANS TO BE TRIED. It appears that the council of the Paris Peace Con ference has determined to set up a court to try certain German leaders who are responsible for violation of ac- cepted articles of war or wh'o committed acts in violation of humanity. Certainly the Allies are not crying for vengeance, ei ther collectively or as individuals, but there is a general ' and natural feeling that no peace treaty can properly close the war without some official judgment against deeds of notorious inhumanity and bad faith, and that judgment, to be effective, must carry penalty to bear upon the wrong doer in a manner commensurate with the transgression. It is to be hoped that the prosecution will not settle upon a few minor personages, and hope to meet the situa tion by dealing with them while the real responsibility be longs to the men in command. The responsibility of some of these and their specific acts of destruction and bru tality are unfortunately numerous and abundantly eviden ced. Among them are such men as these: Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria, who is responsible for the deportations of Lille, Roubaix and Tourcoing, and who hanged civillians in Russian Poland. General von Schubert, who collected old men and wo men and children in the hospital at Brouage and shelled them because they were "useless mouths," and then gave thirty-one girls to his officers. Major von Billow, Aug. 22, 1914, said it was with his consent that 100 inhabitants of Ardennes were shot and the whole place burned. He was also the author of the massacre of Aerschot.' General von Mackensen ordered 1,000 Rumanian chil dren to be shot on the ground that they had conspired against him, and is responsible for the execution ofRuma- rian notables and peasants. Von Tirpitz is responsible for the earlier submarine sinkings, including the Lusitania. Von Capelle for sinking hospital ships. General von Manteuffel ordered the burning of Lou vain. General Klaus is responsible for the massacres of Gerberville and Fraimbois, and soaked a man with petro leum and burned him. General von Stenger ordered all prisoners, even if ta feen in large numbers, to be put to death, and no living man to be left behind. General von Blegen massacred 600 persons in Dinant, including little children and women. These are a few of the men under public accusation. The court will undoubtedly limit itself strictly to the cases where the evidence is in its own hands and is conclusive. There will be no case for protest of "newspaper stories," r.or are these more than illustrative instances. Doubtless the evidence will require the indictment of men still higher and possibly individuals much lower in position whose deeds were dastardly and flagrant. But the court cannot escape suspicion of being actuated by the spirit of revenge cr personal animosity unless its final action can be accept ed by the world as disposing once for all of the doctrine that might is right, or that the power to do wrong justifies the eliv deed. That must be done before the ultimate pur pose of the war is achieved in the condemnation of acts to be prevented for all time. INVESTORS OF THE TANK. There has been considerable discussion in England re cently in respect of the rival claims submittel to the War Office relative to the invention of the so-called .tanks, or armored fighting machines on land. As a matter of fact, the tank, like the submarine and the airplane, was invented in America. When the necessity for tanks arose their de velopment was to be expected, as is the case with all train ed minds should present nearly simultaneous solutions of the strategic problem presented. The tank was invented by Rear Admiral B. A, Fiske of our nevy. In an essay on "Naval Power" in the United States Naval Institute Proceedings in 1911 the concept of the tank was first presented by Admiral Fiske, as set forth on Page 594 of his autobiography, which has just appear ed. This invention is the more remarkable from the fact that it is pure invention, deduced from strategic principles. I LORIDA IS A MISSION FIELD. Of the 1,000,000 people residing in Florida 750,000 are without church affiliations, according to an annbuncement by the Baptist 75 Million Campaign. On the 700 Bap tist churches in that state 300 are homeless and one hun dred worship in very dilapidated buildings. However, 111 houses of worship are under course of construction in that state and it is anticipated the. ranks of the de nomination will be greatly strengthened there as a re sult of this campaign. Sunday October 26 has been designated at "Roosevelt Americanization Day" throughout the country. Ministers c-f all churches have been asked to observe the day in an appropriate manner and at this time the congregations will be called upon to contribute to the fund-r-those who lave not contributed earlier. In handing in their con tributions the church members are to give their names so hat they will receive receipts which are membership cer tificates to the Roosevelt Memorial Association. We speak of the cry still ization of public sentiment o.' opinion because that takes place in the same mysterious way. You do not see the separate thoughts assume a certain shape, and add themselves silently to the concrete w hole. We only know that it happens by some law of rythmic affinity, and that after much confusion of thought and commotion of ideas people suddenly become united in one sovereign emotion. There is no sense of the process taking place. There is only from time to time the reali zation that it has greatly advanced toward its comple tion. Key West is to get its water from Homestead by pipe line. The supply of the other liquid comes by boat. rve understand. Paktka has no delegation at Tallahassee today pull ing; for Jacksonville, but its heart is in the contest, with iope that Jacksonville pets the location. The big centen- iial in the Florida metropolis would mean a great deal or the country all around. I TS GRAND JURY RETURNS MANY NO BILLS ALSO Civil Business Occupies Attention of Court Today May Start Murder Trial. The war is over but the bombardment of the aver age country editor with propaganda stuff shows no dimu- nition. One swallow doesn't make a summer, so what are we going to do for a summer next year when we can't even get one swallow? Sleep is stated on high authority to be the best reme dy for sleeplessness, despite the various remedies given by those who stay awake and expatiate on the efficacy of their plan. When Ireland becomes independent the ship of state will doubtless be manned by a Cork's crew. WE WILL PRESERVE AMERICA. Gorge Washington, speaking of his army at Valley Forge said, "naked and starving as they are we cannot enough admire the incomparable patience and fidelity of the soldiery." Across the woodland and meadows of this historic spot all is peace now. It was not always so. There was a day when men in ragged uniforms walk ed over the frozen snow with bleeding feet. There was a day when the leader of thes mn, who signd himself "G. Washington," was spending anxious days and worried r ights over an unsolvable problem. "How could his few and ragged and undisciplined ir regulars meet and overcome the many and well equipped, traind regulars of the British empire stationed at Philadel phia, not far away? This man was gentle born. He lived in a beautiful home. He had plenty of money in the bank, and he had n wide circle of friends. Yet, he and this irregular band of men endured, fought and bled, and stood ready to die, in order that we might have our kind of America. And when a collection of ignorant, unwashed foreign speaking wild men think that they are going to turn us their kind of America, that they can convert this free land into one of serfdom instead of a land where every man has a chance, and that it shalf be a alnd of anarchy, they are fooling themselves. Ninety-five per-cent. of us are Americans, not yet aroused, but with a determination still sleeping to see to it that this spectre of Bolshevism does not grasp this fair land. WORK. I am the foundation of all business. I am the fount of all prosperity. I am the parent of genius. I am the salt that gives life its savor. I have laid the foundation of every fortune in America, from Rockefeller's down. I must be loved before I can bestow my greatest blessings and achieve my greatest ends. Loved, I make life sweet end purposeful and fruitful. I can do more to advance a youth than his own parents, be they ever so rich. Fools hate me; wise men love me. I am represented in every loaf of bread that comes from the oven, in every train that crosses the continent, in every newspaper that comes from the press. I am the mother of democracy. All progress springs from me. Wh am I? What am I? I am Work. Tampa is planning to house visitors in tents this win ter. This a good intent. Pensacola may not get the centennial but she made a noise like she wanted it- Tourists and prospective land owners are trooping to Florida. There is no better way to let them know what you have than through the columns of the newspapers. If every state in the Union acts like Florida about the leper colony what will become of the poor unfortunate? California has provided two refuges for these people. Can Florida do less than take care of one? Under govern ment control there is no danger of infection, scientists say Palatka News. If Florida had a statesman for a governor, nobady would ever have heard about the leper colony. Ocala Star. Today's dispatches tell of President Wilson's calling on the industrial conference for action and unity in trying to reach a common understanding. Whether collective bargaining is agreed on or not the status of the working man should be made clear It is just as essential that la bor enjoys a status of independence as it is capital. We can go to extremes either way. While President Wilson's condition is not altogether alarming there is an undercurrent of pessimism in some of the reports of his condition. Never has this country been so seriously tthreatened by ill effects of the death of a President as in the present instance. It would be a ca- amity, indeed, if in His wisdom, the All High claimed Mr. Wilson now for a reward which he has long since earned. We may mark the ending of summer by the calendar next Saturday night, but unless there is a very decided change in the srtatus of the little strand of mercury this B. V. D. weather will not permit us to imagine it is winter time in Florida, When Henry Grady first ran newspaper a merchant told him he didnt want to advertise because no one read advertisements. The next morning every urcmn m town was in front of th merchant's store with a cat or dog for bale. Grady had inserted a three line ad saying that the merchant would pay a good price for cats and dogs. River transportation is becoming heavier and heavier, indicating the increasing population along the beautiful St Johns. This is one ol the reasons wny we wyae urn inaugurated its service to Crescent City earlier than usu al this year, with the intimation that it might be mode permanent schedule. Eight indictments were returned by the grand jury yesterday afternoon after a session lasting nearly the en tire day. Two of those indicted, Hen- ry Reddick and Lewy Ganzy, pleaded guilty to charges of breaking and en tering and were sentenced to three years in the penitentiary. All of the ethers indicted pleaded not guilty. Uiils returned by the grand jurv were as follows: - Nat Richardson, murder, McKinley Walker, assault witih intent to mui der; Lulu Morrison, breaking and en termgj W. L. Lee, perjury; Lacy Roundteee, grand larceny; Charles Hawkins, breaking , and entering; Henry Reddick and Lewy Ganzy, breaking and entering. Nat Richardson, indicted fcr the murder of Conductor Ray Butts, was arraigned and pleaded not guilty. As he has no council and no means of em ploying any the court appointed Messrs. Merryday and Walton to de fend the prisoner. The case may be brought to trial this week, and will be cf short duration, as there are few witnesses. The greater part of the time will be consumed in securing jury. v The grand jury and petit jury serv ing at this term of court are: Grand jury T. B. Merrill, foreman; Oscar Smith, Wi F. Sweat, C. E. Mer- win, J. M. Bard, M. R. Ewers, R. B, Barber, J. W. Weeks, J. R. Cannon, C. B. Lively, W. Abrams, W. M. Mays, N. Hancock, J. H. Conway, Fred Hubner, J. J. Brown, A. P. Hancock, )T. E. Strange. K. M. White, M. C. Johnson, J. J. McGrady, L. M. Baldwin, A. L. Ley vraz, W. F. Rogero, W. H. Hornsby, L. L. Moody, A. M. Moody, M. Saucer, E. T. Brooks, E. E. Dodge, E. 0. Earles, J. C. McWalters, R. A. Hines, u. A. I nomas, J. a. Johnson,. J. f. Porter. 5,724 WAR ORDERS UNPAID. Contracts Are Expected tobe Liqui dated for $300,000,000. WASHINGTON, Oct. 18 The War Department still has on its hands 5,- 724 emergency contracts awaiting li quidation, according to a report is sued today. The amounts involved aggregate core than $1,600,000,000, but the offi cial schedule estimates that these contracts can be liquidated at a cost of $300,000,000. Since the armistice 22,611 contracts have been settled, with a total valu ation of $2,000,000,000, for which con tractors! (were .paid $309,000,000 in the final settlement. REDS ARE WORKING AMONG THE NEGROES WASHINGTON, Oct. 21 Evidence in the ossession of the Government of the efforts of agitators of .the I. W. W., Bolshevist, and radical Socialist groups to stir up discontent among the negroes, paralleling the agitation that is being carried on in industrial centres of the North and West, where there axe many alien laborers. A well defined campaign is on to drive the negro voters out of the old politi cal parties and line them up with rad ical groups. - The I. W. W. is using every propa ganda that is possesses to win the negroes to that organization. The doctrines of Lenin and Trotzky are being circulated , among negroes in all parts of the country. Those in charge of this are negroes, and two I of the leaders, according to Federal officials, are former Harvard stud ents now residents of New York City. As in the case of propaganda among white workers, the principal agencies used are newspapers, magazines, and sc-colled "negro betterment" organi zations. Transfer? LET US DO IT ' FOR YOU AH kinds of hauling. Prompt service. PHILLIPS Transfer Co. TELEPHONES Office 358 Night 134 MINNIE HAUK IN WANT. famous Opera Singer Blind and Pov- erty Stricken. No cleverer comedy was ever pre sented on the screen than Victor Moore in "Snobs," which comes to the Arcade Thursday. FISK SAILORS DISPLAY. Attention of the public is called ta the splendid display of the latest Fisk Sailors in the windows of my store. Special sale of these hats will be conducted on Saturday. MISS KATE LUCAS. NEW YORK, Oct 21 Minnie Hauk the famous American opera singer and creator of Carmen in London as well as in New York, where she was born nearly seventy-seven years ago, is blind and in want of funds at her resent home in Switzerland, accord ing ,to word received by former friends here yesterday. She appeal ed recently to Philip Holland, Consul at Basle, and through him to Pleas ant A Stovall, the American Minister at Berne. In the letter which reached here she said that she was helpless through practical loss of eyesight and also of her property, having sold her ewelry and heavily mortgaged her estate, the value of which, if advant ageously disposed of, she believed would support her declining yeara. j Her home, the Villa Tribschen at Lu- j ceme,, is saia to tne same in wnica Richard Wagner composed the love music of "Tristan and Isolde." Machine Shop THE MOST COMPLETE AND BEST EQUIPPED IN THIS SECTION. We make all kinds of Brass Cast ings and Bearings. Perfect workmanship, reasonable prices. . . AUTO ACCESSORIES LAMPS BATTERIES Insyde Tires C. A. AMES Howetl Building Lemon Street Have You Got r BATTERY TROVliLES? We carry a full line of PREST-O-LITE BATTERIES In sizes for every car. FREE INSPECTION JANDJ; DISTILLED WATER SUPPLIED. AH kinds of repairing on batteries, generators and magnetos. PUTNAM ELECTRIC GARAGE In H"vell Hotel Building. WARNS RACE SUICIDE. English Priest Says Empire Not Be Stinted. Must LONDON, Oct. 21 Father Vaugh an, well known for his work among the poor of London, in a forceful ad dress at today's session of the Con gress on Tuberculosis Prevention aid: "It i terrible to think, when tho death rate has exceeded the birth rate so greatly when the nurseries are si- yent and the divorce courts are clam orous, that tuberculosis is also mak ing a heavy levy on human life. "We should have throttled tubercu losis long ago. It is healthier in some of the slums of London than in the fashionable districts of Mayfair." Referring to the decrease in the birth rate, Father Vaughan declared: "We want all the children possi ble. We do not want birth preven tion, thus Stinting the empire and making it a disgrace in God's eyes." 8 FISK NON-SKID TOMB TIRE REPAIRS I do all kinds of vulcanizing and re . building of tires, both fabric and card. FULL LINE OF FISK TIRES " SEEDS THAT SATISFY." fresh;garden seed PUntllt Now PRATT'S BABY CHICK FOOD end Poultry Remedies For Quick Service, Phone or Sea MUSI THE SEEDSMEN Phone 2 10. 117 Lemon St. PALATKA, FLA. THE NEW SEED STORE No job toolbig or loo smell. RETREADING FREE AIR E. W. Shotwell 518 Lemon St aBaaBBaajaar I uw tf M. UUI I Barber ? A Sbop with all Comforts end Con veniences end Employing Only First-Class Berbers. " The Fountain of Youth" the; oldest ibarber establish ment IN THE CITY. Hasprognsed with the Times in New nd Modern Equipment and Efficient Up-to-Date Service Browning's RAPRFD CUHD 11 1V1 V ADTUI1D DDnuruitjo w 124 Lemon S. Pjl WANTED To buy crop on the trees from small orange grove. Sea Florida Grocery Co. - lfMl-tf. PROFESSIONAL CARD. DR. E. W. WARREN. Res. "Phone 87 Office Thone 71 It Can Be Dona. Too make $4,000 a year as an trt Mor. And yet people say you cant Ut air." Boston Transcript. -1 ;1.