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The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, January 08, 1940, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library, Chapel Hill, NC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1940-01-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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"^dicated To The Progress Of ' -
WILMINGTON Served by Leased Wire of the
And Southeastern Norih ASSOCIATE* PRESS
Carolina With Complete Coverage of
State and National News
* * * ★★★ ^ ± ± ± ¥----* - I
Finns Claim
Russian Ski
Unit Routed
More Than 300 Of Invaders
Killed In Sharp Engage*
ment At Salla
Russians Reported Digging
In Along The Strong
Mannerheim Line
HELSINKI, Jan. 7. — UP) — Tha
bitterest January weather in years,
with temperatures ranging from 15
to 40 degrees below zero, stalled
Russian offensives on all fronts to
day as the Finnish high com
mand announced that a Soviet ski
detachment had been routed at
Salla and more than 300 of tha
invaders killed.
Military experts believed that tha
severe cold, coupled with Finland’s
dogged resistance, had compelled
the Russian commanders to re
vamp their entire plan for tliO
winter campaign.
Digging In
On the Karelian isthmus, where
the Red army has repeatedly fail
ed to break through the Manner
heim line, the Russians were re
ported to be digging in and string
ing barbed wire in front of their
positions. t
This was taken by some observ
ers as an indication that the Rus
sians intended to stand on their
present line, but others believed
that lack of success in the far
north might compel them to at
tempt some sort of offensive on
the isthmus or north of Lake L^
The weather has proved an un
expected ally to the Finns, who
ordinarily look for the coldest tem
peratures in February and March.
In Helsinki, in southern Finland,
it was 15 below.
Ice, forming in the Gulf of Fin
land, has severely crippled the Red
The Soviet air force continues
t» operate despite the cold, but
npt on the earlier scale, when 350
planes were reported over Finland
in one day.
Increased resistance of Finnish
fighting planes and anti-aircraft
batteries has added to the hazards
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 2)
French Also Carry Out Suc
cessful Patrol Operations
On The Western Front
PARIS, Jan. 7.—(JP)—A heavy
artillery duel northeast of Sarre*
guemines in which French batter
ies silenced a German barrage was
reported today by military sources.
The duel, lasting an hour, dur
ing the night, was opened by the
Germans, these reports said. The
French replied with concentrated
fire from their 75, 105 and 155
millimeter guns, and the enemy ar
tillery ceased.
There was no infantry activity
during the engagement, but the
French reported successful patrol
operations at several other points.
French scouting parties, accord
ing to these reports, reached ena
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 1)
For a few cents you can tell
50,000 Star and News readers
about your new and used fur
niture values; new and used
clothing values; new and used
car values, etc. Thousands of
prospective buyers read the
Star and News Want Ads daily
... If you tell them, you’ll
sell them.
Call 2800 today and start A
low cost want ad that will mean
added income. J
Bedroom Suite Sold 1
4 Pc. Solid Mahogany Bed
room suite, only .$90.50. Terms.
Home Furniture Co., 23 Market
Charge Your Want
Ad If You Like /
* ■■ i ■ ■ i i i ■
Rain, Low Temperatures F or ecast
Sleet, Snow
Also Slated
la This_Area
Minimum Temperature Of
27 Degrees Forecast For
Early This Morning
SLEET inexperienced
Slightly Warmer Tempera
tures Are Expected To
j Arrive Here Tuesday
Another flay of real "'inter weather
T.js forecast for Wilmington and vi
cinity for today by the weatherman
last night.
The city, be said will have a little
of tveyrthing but sunshine. Rain,
sleet, snow, northerly winds and
freezing temperatures are predicted
in varying quantities for the day.
The minimum temperature early
this morning will be 27 degrees and
lower marks will be recorded in out
Iving sections, the observer said.
; Messy Mixture
The city may be in tne midst ot
a snowfall when Wilmingtonians
awake this morning, he said, or the
white blanket may wait until later
in the day to fall. With the com
bination of sleet, rain and the other
unpleasantries, Wilmingtonians are
promised a messy mixture, the
weatherman said.
If the snow blanket fals, It will
he the second time this winter the
city has been blanketed, the first
fail occurring several days ago and
amounting to slightly more than an
The second visit of sleet to the
city in recent weeks was recorded
yesterday as tiny particles of ice
mixed with rain fell for about two
hours. The total precipitation
amounted to about .11 inch.
Relief Expected
In spite of the expected had weath
er the observer said, slightly warm
er temperatures are expected to ar
rive about Tuesday,
Fey and mists had already crept
into the city's streets late last night
and were expected to remain through
today. Winds of moderate to fresh
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 6)
Low Temperatures, Snow,
Sleet And Rain Are
Raleigh, Jan. 7— c?p) —sub
U{= temperatures and snow,
e.eet an<^ min gave most of North
'-Molma an icy coating today.
le "father forced two army
Planes, returning to
ashington with a group of repre
^‘Statues and officials, to be
e-tounded, one here and the other at
forl Bragg.
* t"° Parties, composed most
■ 1 members of the house military
airs committee, went on to Wash
®,ton by tram tonight,
ha,i 6 Pianes landed after the cold
operation^ the'r de'icers to cease
}2'^ weatller observer at the Ha
PrerVtlrP-°rt said that the cold and
moat tfl,i?n prol5ahly extended over
0 North Carolina, north into
Page Three; Col. 7)
[weather 1
North fokECAST
p“‘i cr.1,1 \i?nllIil: Cloudy and contin
r» and h°‘ ay, »»!* Tuesday with
Jlslit rain „ , , frcczl»K interior and
os the coast Monday.
t‘idingC71.y)0S|cal data for tlie 24 hours
°o P; in. yesterday).
1:30 » Temperature
f'l lit '7-3o ,J.': 7:30 »• m. 29; 1:30 p.
““"‘mum aj. P; “>• 85; maximum 41;
■ "lean 34: normal 47.
1:30 n , „ Humidity
• <“.-1*0 P.
OjJ i"[ie0s;2t40thaOlUs? 7:30 P- m
U‘48 inches. ‘ nce flrst of month,
Tides h’„r Today
1 m*ngton High Low
tvi, ■ 8:06a 2:39a
r°r° InlPt - «3£ 0:23a
(Con‘i«uod o„ P,,„ ....
ve; Col 3)
Fight Providence Scho^ AeO k
---- IS® _
><\ - •
Firemen run a hose to the top of the blazing tower of Point street
grammar school, Providence, R. I„ as 540 pupils and 20 teachers flee
from flames which swept the 50-year-old structure. Three little girls,
Principal George Thompson, and three firemen were injured.
Residents Of St. Helena
Celebrate Old Christmas
Members Of Thrifty Farm
ing Community Present
Program At Hall
ST. HELENA, Jan. 7—“Christos
That is the greeting which every
body passed to everyone else here
It means, in Russian, “Merry
For tonight St. Helena celebrated
Christmas. It is the Old Christmas,
ihe Christmas of the Julian Calen
dar and of the Russian-Greek Ortho
dox Catholic church.
Welcome Santa Claus
The people of this thrifty farm
ing colony gather in the St. Helena
Community Hall and welcomed the
arrival of Santa Claus.
The celebration opened with a two
act play entitled, “The Secret of
Happiness,” in which the Christmas
fairies, through their magic spells,
brought peace and happiness to the
home of Squire Hardheart and his
wife and child.
It was a colorful little play in
which even the family cat and dog
Dhurch of Sts. Peter and Paul, un
ler the direction of Father John G.
Boruch, sang a number of Christ
mas, carols, aided in some of them
-jy children of the colony who have
studied Russian as an extra-curri
sular activity under the tutelage of
Father Boruch.
Musical Porgram
The musical program began with
i rendition of "O Come, All Ye
Faithful”. Other selections were Ka
NTebi Zorka (The Star of Bethle
riem); Bohpredvi - Tchniy (God
Eternal); the latter two Russian
sarols; Vshrud Notchniy Tchishe
(In the Still of the Night) a Polish
sarol; and Vozveschlimsha (Let Us
Rejoice) another Russian carol; and
Silent Night.
At the conclusion of the carols
Santa Claus appeared on the stage
with a present for every child in the
Afterward there was dancing and
general merry making.
The celebration today began with
i special Christmas morning service
rt the church at 10:30 o’clock.
At the service the choir, which is
small but excellently trained, sang
4 Capella, the traditional music of
Did Russia.
Music last night was provided by
:he Burgaw High school band un
ler the direction of Mr. Murphy, of
Decorations for the event were in
charge of Pete Vdovich and Pete
Mrs. Horvath was in charge _ of
lostumes and Miss Sonja Boruch
(Continued on Page Three; CoJ. 8) ,
Two Prisoners Flee
From Carteret Jail
BEAUFORT, Jan. 7 — «P> —
Two prisoners being held for
trial in Carteret superior court
escaped from the Carteret coun
ty jail tonight by sawing
through' a cell.
The prisoners were Guion
Smith, 26, of Beaufort, held as
an accessory in the slaying of
Charles Adams at Money Island
Beach the night of December
30, and Charles Broccolier, 23,
of New Jersey, held on a charge
of grand larceny.
The delivery was discovered
at 9:30 tonight.
Congress Is Asked To Pro
vide More Planes, Guns,
Supplies For Service
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7. — UP) —
General Albert H. Bianding, chief
of the national guard bureau, re
ported today that the citizen sol
diers were seriously short of arms
and equipment.
He also said in his annual re
port that the war department’s ob
jective was to whip the guardsmen
into shape as a mobilization day
“combat force.”
Officials have estimated that un
der present conditions one to two
months could be required to train
the guard units in the event of
war and an even longer period
would be necessary for acquiring
critical items of armament.
Under appropriation estimates
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
Fight Against
Federal Fund
Cuts Expected
First Threat Of Rebellion
Shown By Farm Aid
Payments Supporters
Harrison To Push Efforts
For Special Committee
Jo Study Budget
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7. — (A>) —
The first open threat on Capitol
Hill of a rebellion against the ap
propriation cuts proposed in Presi
dent Rooesvelt’s budget came today
from senate supporters of farm
benefit payments.
With the senate scheduled to act
tomorrow on a proposal to create a
special senate-house committee to
make a broad study of the fiscal
situation, Senator Russell (D-Ga)
served notice that, whether or not
congress wrote its own budget, a
determined fight would be made to
continue agricultural appropriations
near the level of $1,300,000,009 ap
proved for this fiscal year.
Cut In New Budget
The President cut this amount to
approximately $900,000,000 in the
new budget which proposed total
expenditures of about $8,424,000,000,
a reduction of $675,000,000 from this
There is no justification for tak
ing more than half of the total bud
get reduction out of farm funds,”
Russell told reporters. “As far as
I am concerned, I am going to do
all I can to see that that money is
put back in the budget.”
Pnccoll wVirt ic« pliPiVman i
agricultural appropriations sub-com
mittee and a ‘‘farm bloc” leader,
said he thought that a minimum of
$200,000,000 should be made avail
able for farm ‘‘parity” payments.
An appropriation of $225,000,000 this
year provided funds from which
growers of corn, cotton, wheat, rice
and tobacco were paid about 75 per
cent of the difference between the
current price of their crops and the
pre-World war price level.
Because agricultural prices have
been increasing, the President made
no allowance in his budget for such
Will Seek Committee
Senator Harrison (D-Miss), au
thor of the proposal for a special
congressional budget study, said he
would ask the senate tomorrow for
immediate consideration of his reso
lution authorizing appointment of a
special budget committee of 24 sen
ate and house members.
With the Mississippi senator
claiming that President Roosevelt
was ‘‘in sympathy” with the move,
it appeared likely that his resolu
tion would be adopted by the sen
ate, although some members ex
pressed opposition.
Few thought, however, that house
members, some of whom have spent
nearly a month in preparing appro
priations bills, would agree to delay
action on these measures while such
a survey was being made.
Although Harrison insisted that
the inquiry could go ahead while
the house was passing these bills,
Senator Byrnes (D-SC), influential
member of the senate appropria
tions committee, said he thought
this would be impractical.
‘‘The house would be disposed to
stand by its action and that would
(Continuod on Page Three; Col. 3)
Will Sponsor New
Named sponsor of the 35,000-ton
battleship that bears the name of
her state, Miss Isabelle Hoey,
above, will journey to Brooklyn
Navy Yard for launching in June.
She is daughter of governor of
North Carolina.
Labor Also Demands* That
All Existing Agreements
Be Repudiated
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7— <3>)—1The
American Federation of Labor today
threw its powerful influence against
extension of the administration’s re
ciprocal trade agreements program
in its present form, and demanded
also that all existing agreements be
With the fight over the question
of extending the trade law sched
uled to start this week, the Wage
Earners’ Protective conference, tar
iff group of the AFL, sent letters
to all senators and representatives
1. Repudiation of all treaties with
foreign nations which ‘‘have not, as
the constitution specifically requires
been ratified by the senate.” (Un
der the trade act, the agreements
are not subject to ratification, and
supporters of the law maintain that
they are not treaties within the
meaning of the constitutional pro
vision, the AFL group, however,
contended that they were treaties.)
2. Excise taxes on all foreign-pro
duced competitive products suffi
cient to make the delivered cost in
this country equal to the cost of
similar domestic products.
3. Extension to foreign-produced
competitive products of the restric
tions of the fair labor standards and
denying entry in interstate com
merce to goods produced under sub
standard conditions. The present
standards are a minimum wage oi
30 cents an hour and a maximum
work week of 42 hours, unless over
time is paid.
The conference is headed by Mat
thew Woll, president of the Inter
national Photo Engravers’ union
and a vice-president of the AFL.
The first step in the administra
tion’s fight to renew the trade act
will come tomorrow when Chairman
Doughton (D-NC) of the houst
ways and means committee will in
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
Scandinavian Countries
Will Not Serve As Base
For War Against Russia
Jan. 7—UP)—Scandinavian news
papers today declared Sweden
and Norway would reject “with
arms” if necessary any attempt
by a great power to use their
territory as a springboard for an
attack against another.
This assertion was made to
refute German press declarations
that the allies were using the
pretext of aid to Finland as an
excuse to gain a foothold for an
attack on Germany.
Berlin newspapers also warn
ed the two countries against
providing transport facilities for
allied war materials destined for
The Norwegian newspaper
Aftenposten commented:
“It is obvious that Sweden and
| Norway by no means intend to
hand over bases to foreign
troops. Any attempts in this di
rection would be repulsed — if
necessary with arms.”
The Swedish viewpoint was
that Sweden’s very desire to
help Finland necessitates the
strictest neutrality in the Euro
pean war. If dragged into the
continental conflict, Sweden
would have to concentrate all
her energy on her own defenses.
In discussing the growing ap
prehension in the Scandinavian
countries over the confused Fin
nish-Russian and Eurpoean war
situations, the newspaper Poii
tiken, which often expresses the
views of the Danish foreign min
ister, Dr. Peter Munch, said the
prevailing 1 arvousness was be
(Continued on Page Three; Col 2)
Russian r leet Maneuvers
Are Started In Red Sea
_____ M
Rumanian Liner Bessarabia
Sent Back To Istanbul
Because Of Games
CONSTANTA, Rumania, Jan. 7.
UP)—Rumania’s navy today ordered
the Rumanian liner Bessarabia to
put back to port in Istanbul “be
cause of Russian fleet maneuvers"
in the Black Sea.
The liner had been headed for
Constanta, Rumania’s principal
port. All merchant shipping was
ordered to remain in Constanta,
though the extent of Russian ma
neuvers was not learned.
Unusual Maneuvers
V Rumanian naval authorities said
it was unusual for the Soviet fleet
to maneuver in the area close to
the passage from the Black Sea
through the Turkish-controlled
Dardanelles to the Mediterranean.
(The most recent previous report
of Russian sea maneuvers was Dec.
18 when the navy newspaper Red
Fleet said war games had been
concluded in the Black Sea, short
ly after Turkey and Russia failed
to reach an agreement and Turkey
signed a pact with Britain and
Only yesterday King Carol gave
an implied warning to Russia
against possible Russian designs
on Bessarabia by declaring that
Rumanians “are ready to die to
gether to defend their borders.”
The king spoke at Chisinau, capi
tal of Bessarabia, the province Ru
(Continuod on Page Three; Col. 3)
Committee Will Seek To
Show Young Men Hold
Important Positions
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7.— UP) —
The house committee Investigating
the labor relations board, it was
learned today, will,,attempt to show
at hearings' starting tomorrow that
inexperienced college graduates
have been entrusted with important
jobs in the board’s review division.
Witnesses summoned for early
appearance includ four attorneys of
this division—Aaron Lewittes, Lew
is Gill, Mrs. Margaret Bennett
Porter and Mrs. Julius Schlesinger.
A committee official said the
group wanted to inquire into what
he termed the ‘overenthusiasm” of
younger employes of this section.
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
Russian Detachment
Freezes To Death
STOCKHOLM, Jan. 7.—(/P)—
Dispatches from the Salla front
in northwest Finland told today
a story of bitter cold and death.
A Finnish patrol, coming sud
denly upon a detachment of
Russian troops, was surprised
when the enemy continued to
lie s-till in the snow as the
Finns approached.
Cautiously advancing, the
Finns found the entire detach
ment—150 men—frozen to death
, behind barbed wire entangle
Hungary’s Foreign Minis
ter Decides To Cut Short
His Visit To Italy
VENICE, Jan. 1.-U&—Hungary’s
foreign minister, Count Istvar
Csaky. today decided to cut shorl
his visit to Italy after discussing
with Italian Foreign Minister Couni
Galeazzo Ciano joint policies in the
Authoritative fascists indicatec
the foreign ministers, who had twc
talks yesterday and another today
had agreed to wait development;
between the western powers anc
some sign of Russia’s intentions in
the Balkans before making anj
Csaky, however, changed his pre
vious plan of remaining in Italy a
week more and decided to return
tomorrow to Budapest to report tc
his government.
Ciano announced before leaving
for Rome that the conversations
were “carried out with complete
identity of views on problems con
cerning defense of order and peact
in Europe.”
The Hungarian foreign ministei
was understood to have told Cian<
that Hungary desired peaceful set
tlement of territorial disputes witl
her neighbors, particularly hei
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 4)
The European
War Situation
(By The Associated Press)
HELSINKI. — 40 below
zero weather stalls Russian of
fensives, Russians ‘‘digging in”
on Karelian isthmus; Finns an
anounce rout of Russian ski de
tachment at Salla, 300 Red sol
diers killed.
PARIS. — French artillery si
lences German barrage on west
ern front.
V FUNlGlf'.—Hungarian foreign
minister cuts short Italian va
cation to report conversations
with Italian foreign minister;
fascists predict Hungary will
await developments before mak
ing any move to reach territo
rial settlement with Rumania.
CONSTANTA. — R u m a nian
navy orders liner Bessarabia
back to Istanbul to avoid Rus
sian fleet maneuvers in Black
London.—Britain seethes over
dismissal of War Minister Hore
Belshia; parliament members
talk of secret session.
COPENHAGEN. — Scandina
vian press declares Sweden and
Norway would fight any attempt
to use their territory as spring
boau; for war.
LONDON, Jan. 7.—</P)—The
outcry against the abrupt dis
missal of Leslie Hore-Belisha
as war secretary swelled to
day and members of parlia
ment talked of a. secret session
to fight it out.
The core of the criticism was
a demand to know what “ex
alted influences” behind Prime
Minister Chamberlain made
him drop his brisk, army-re
forming minister and the con
tention that so-called aristo
cratic forces held the whip
The majority of London
newspapers screamed protests. •
Laborite Emanuel Shinwell
declared in a speech to his •
constituents that apparently
“aristocratic influences” were
at work and charged:
‘If generals in the British
army or war office are to have
their own way then all talk
of democracy is simply hum
The political writer for the
important Press association,
w'hose news report goes to vir
tually every newspaper in Brit
ain, wrote that “only a frank
explanation (by the govern
ment, can allay an unpleasant
feeling that something unusual
has happened in British poli
He cited Chamberlain’s let
ter accepting Hore-Belisha's
resignation and expressing con
fidence in the former war sec
retary. “Why was a man who
had achieved as much as Hore
Belisha dismissed if the pre
mier had confidence in him?”
the correspondent asked, add
ing that Chamberlain had told
Hore-Belisha in a conference
at which he was dismissed that
there was “prejudice” against
the war secretary.
The correspondent said mem
bers of parliament wanted to
What is the pressure to
which Prime Minister Cham
berlain has yielded?
What are the exalted influ
ences from which pressure has
come and why can't they come
into the open?
What 5s the prejudice?
Why should not all facts be
What is the feeling of the
private soldier and won’t his
confidence be shaken?
British leaders expected that
Hore-Belisha would make a
statement on his resignation of
Friday night when parliament
reconvenes Jan. 16.
Members of parliament indi
cated Chamberlain, who re
placed Hore-Belisha with Oliv
er Stanley in the cabinet
shake-up, to approve a secret
debate if it was considered
“unwise in the public interest”
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 4) ,

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