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Published Dally Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News At The Murchison Building R B. Page. Owner and Publisher Telephone All Department* 2800 Entered a* Second Class Matter at Wilming ton. N. C.. Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879_ Subscription Rates by Carries Payable Weekly or In Advance Com Mna Btar Hews tion .VS ’>5 1 Year ...IPAQ 7-80 15.60 Hews rates entitle subscriber to Su»day Issue of Btar-Hews By Mail Payable Strictly In Advance Comlina Btar Hews tion 1 Month 75 * 60 8 .90 3 Months . 2 00 159 2.76 6 Months . 4 00 3 00 5.60 1 Year . 8 00 6 00 10.00 (Dally Without Sunday) 1 Month.8 .50 6 Months .83.00 3 Months. 1.50 1 Year . 6 00 .(Sunday Only) 1 Month.20c 6 Months . 3 Months.65c 12 Months . 2.50 Hews rates entitle subscriber to Sunday Issue of Btar-Hews The Associated Press is entitled to the exclusive use of all news stories appearing in The Wilmington Star TUESDAY, JANUARY 16, 1940 1 Star-News Program 1. Sh'pyards. 2. Increase of Port Facilities. 3. Adequate Hospital Facilities. 4. Annexation of Suburbs. 5. Development 0f Fort Caswell as Health Resort. 6. Promotion of Canning Industry. 7. City Expansion Commission. 8. Junior College. ACHIEVEMENTS WE HAVE FAVORED Blum Clearance. Free bridge across the Cape Fear river over Highway 20. Free causeway to Wrightsville Beach. Recreation Centers. Municipal Auditorium. Preservation oj Old City and Thai ian Hall. Civic Centre. Organized industrial services for Wi* mington. Adequate school facilities for Wil mington and New Hanover county. Traffic signals on streets of Wilming ton. Thirty-foot channel from Wilmington to Southport bar. Construction of third lock and dam between Wilmington and Fayetteville on the upper Cape Fear river. TOP O' THE MORNING If you decide to live better, begin at once. Hillis A WASTED LESSON While Japan was still in the formative stage it learned quickly. Now that it is es tablished, it has put learning behind it. Suc cess, and it greatly exaggerates its successes, has blinded it. If its eyes were not closed, it would see that it is traveling a dangerous course. For example, it is determined to have a navy sec ond to none. A little study of the history of, say, fifty years, would show that the German Kaiser laid the foundation of the World war by the same decision. It was when Wilhelm set out to build a German navy comparable with Great Britain’s that London formed alliances with Paris and St. Petersburg. Europa had got along quite peaceably for some years, after the Franco Prussian war, without thought of conflict. But the Kaiser’s ambition to rate at the top, or with the top, in naval strength turned Great Britain’s government to thoughts of war. And those thoughts matured with dis astrous results for Germany. Japan might profit by Germany’s experience, but Japan is blind. GRADE CROSSING WINS AGAIN The surface crossing wins another victory. Four graves are to be dug at Gastonia and another passenger in an automobile is i« a hospital gravely injured as result of a col lision between a Southern Railway train and a motor car. There is but one conclusion to be arrived at: If the crossing had not been at grade, the four lives would not have been snuffed out and the other occupant of the car would not have been hurt. In a decade there has been some progress in doing away with the menace of grade crossings, but all too frequently we learn of deaths there in proof of the fact that nothing less than removal of all such crossings will eliminate their great hazard to life. America will not properly safeguard its citizens in transit until spans or tunnels com pletely supplant them. The cost of the change will be tremendous but will not be as great as the continued sacrifice of lives their ex istence entails. ONLY FOUR DAYS LEFT THE contest of the Star-News for sugges tions of projects to better conditions in Wilmington and southeastern North Carolina will close on January 20. Today is January 16. Only four days remain. Unless a heavier volume of suggestions comes in during these four days the contest will not achieve the highest goal. There must be much more constructive thought among Star-News readers than has been reflected in the letters thus far received. Many have arrived, but not nearly enough to be representative of the entire community thinking. To gain a more comprehensive cross-section of the great variety of ideas en tertained by Wllmingtonlans and southeastern North Carolinians, the Star-News issues this second appeal to enter suggestions in the few remaining days of the contest. . Civic leaders and professional men and women, no less than public officials, are en couraged to voice their views. With their in timate knowledge of the needs they are es pecially fitted to say what should be done. Failure to do so will be equivalent to turning down an opportunity to serve the community. Any reluctance to have one’s name in print will not offset the loss one’s refusal to make a suggestion will cause. Incidentally, there are cash prizes to be had for accepted proposals, $10 for the first, $5 for the second, $2.50 for the third, and $1 each for all others approved. NEW MOBILIZATIONS Military experts have feared from the start of the war that Germany sooner or lat er, would pour troops into Belgium and Hol land to try for a foothold on their coasts from -which to launch air attacks on Great Britain. Now, if Belgium’s mobilization is motivated by information her army is reput ed to have gained, that Germany is concen trating large forces on her frontier with the purpose of crossing over, the forecast appears to have support in fact. While the Nazis have been sticklers for strict observance of neutrality among other nations, there is nothing in German history during the Nazi reign or in the last World war to justify a belief that Germany would not violate any frontier when by doing so she might gain a military advantage. Belgium learned this in 1914. Obviously she does not intend to be caught napping again. Her armies are gathering, her skeleton units are to be filled, that German forces may re ceive a hot reception if Hitleb, restive under the long delay in a major land action, finally takes the plunge. Of the two nations under most serious threat, Holland seems to be better prepared to resist. She is ready to flood her lowlands, at whatever cost to herself, and engulf any Nazi soldiers that invade her territory, while her armies concentrate on advantageous high levels and in the popular phrase, mow ’em down. This is not to suggest that Belgium is unprepared but only to point out that the Netherlands has a means of defense, her wa ter system, not possessed by Belgium. Both, or either one, will strike a telling blow, if in vasion comes. The suaaen stirring oi armies is auriDuiea to Hitler’s determination to prevent Eng land’s sending aid to Finland, and the at tack he is presumed to be organizing against Belgium and Holland is predicated, in the minds of military observers, on Britain’s pol icy in the Far North. Thus it appears a spread of the European war into Belgium and into Holland depends on London’s decision. That a change is due in the war’s tempo is obvious. The British premier, Mr. Chamber lain, foretold it some days ago. The German high command has hinted it in the customary flamboyant manner of Berlin. Spring was to jp the time. But perhaps spring is too far away, and Hitler too deeply concerned for his good friend Stalin, to brook furthet delay. Whatever the predisposing cause, a crucial period in the war has arrived. This week is likely to witness a main event un der the bigtop of Europe. CONSTRUCTION MOVES UP The D. W. Dodge corporation, releasing its final tally of construction in 1939, forecasts an increase in this industry during 1940, and bases its prophesy on the showing of the last six years during which steady advancement was shown. With pendulum swinging forward in construction and general business on the up and up, the nation’s best authority on building feels justified in believing that the pace will not slacken this year. Which is good news for everybody. But it is not all of the good news the Dodge report contains. The report revealc that construction last year, which totaled $3,650,543,000, was $353, 000,000 above the previous year’s high, and that all but $3,000,000 of the gain was due to the pick-up in privately financed construction. Tf this proves anything, it is that business was gaining courage. Individuals, too, were broadening their viewpoint. Dwellings in creased in proportion to total construction. The report shows that contracts for homes amounting to $1,334,272,000, were an advance over 1938 of $348,000,000, with more than 70 per cent of the gain financed privately. That the new-found courage, in combina tion with release of previously hidden money, will send construction to new levels this year with private capital accounting for most of the gain, ft the conclusion of the Dodge report. A gain of from ten to twelve per cent in private construction is foreseen, with a possible ten per cent shrinkage in public construction, resulting in a moderate net gain in the year’s total. Let the good work go on. Editorial Comments From Other Angles another blow between the eyes New York Herald Tribune The guilty plea entered Wednesday by Nicho las Dozenberg to an indictment charging him with having used a false passport should have been of interest to every communist and com munist sympathizer in the country. Yet not a word of it appeared yesterday in "The Daily Worker.” The assumption is inescapable that here again, as in the case of the Stalin-Hitler pact, or the reversal of Russian arms in Fin land, the official organ of the communist party is at a loss to know how to take a blow be tween the eyes, and awaits instructions from Moscow. For Dozenberg, for the better part of two decades, was a communist leader in this country and intimately involved in communist intrigue both here and abroad, and, according to the office of United States Attorney Cahill, has made a complete disclosure of his activities. He will appear, so say the authorities, as a witness for the prosecution against his old as sociate, Earl Browder, and possibly three other communists also indicted for passport frauds. Of course, the suppression of this news by “The Daily Worker” is merely a confirmation of its importance. It suggests the probability that soon we shall see the entire lid blown off the Kremlin’s conspiracy in this country with more or less corroboration of Gen. Krivitsky’s story of its operations elsewhere. For instance, Krivitsky, in “The Saturday Evening Post,’' has told of meeting Dozenberg in Vienna in 1931 when the latter "was operating for us (the Red army) in Rumania, where he main tained the American-Rumanlan Export Film company.” Dozenberg's statement, meanwhile, is said to describe the methods he used in gain ing the confidence of a Balkan monarch and the privilege of using the royal airplane to photograph for Moscow the military objectives in his country. The indictment to which Dozenberg has pleaded guilty does not trace his activities as far back as 1931. On the other hand, we find the name of a “Nick Dozenburg” cropping up in the news here as long ago as 1923 in rela tion to the massacre of non-union coal miners at Herrin, 111. At the time the United Mine Workers of America, in an official article, said that "Nick Dozenburg” was one of a group of communist agitators in Chicago responsible for the massacre. Altogether, it seems reasonable to conclude that the government has got hold of a key informer, and it has done so, let us not for get, on the spur of evidence before the Dies committee. It was Browder’s admission be fore the committee that he had traveled on a false passport, which started the train of prosecution now likely to spill all the com munist beans. Should congress refuse to con tinue the committee lest its hearings lead to further disclosures of the kind in store? WASHINGTON DAYBOOK By PRESTON GROVER WASHINGTON, Jan. 15_Understanding the budget is easy and ycu should not become be wildered about anything you see or read, eith er in the magazines, the newspapers or even that source of all worldly wisdom, the Congres sional Record. The budget Is always In balance. To begin with, you add up everything congress is going to spend. That will be a lot of money. Usually it is a half billion or so more than the Presi dent suggests. That is the spending side. To balance It, you simply add together the amount of money that will come from taxes, which will be about two-thirds or three-quar ters of the amount spent. Then add to that the deficit. It always comes out even that way and after all, Uncle Sam has lots of money. * * • Three Types The budget itself comes in three sizes. There is the pamphlet edition which contains the President’s message, only not quite all. It also contains the tables, only not quite all, either. The middle-weight edition, in a forest-green color, is approximately two times the size of the pamphlet edition. It is about a half-inch thick, a good full pound of earnest reading. It contains everything in the pamphlet edition and much more. In it are all the tabulations, and many of the itemized expenditures. From it you can learn that the “personal funds of inmates oi narcotic farms,’’ amounts to $50,451. The middle-weight edition tells you that "Funds contributed for sewerage system, Fort Monroe, Va.,” amounted to $18,500. * * • How to Look Then comes the master edition. It is a daisy. It is a little larger than the telephone book for Cleveland but not quite so large as the one for the Manhattan district of New York city. In it you really get down to brass tacks. Take the navy appropriation, for instance. It begins on Page A65 and the outstanding item there is $39,580 for "Care of Lepers Is land of Guam.” Last year they were down for $37,000. Two pages farther along you come to “Total, navy department.” Read that, but don’t be convinced. Total expenditures for 1941 are listed there at $581,751,660. Now that is sup posed to be all that the navy will spend ir the year beginning next July 1, but it isn’t al! that congress will give them. Over in anothei column is "Total appropriated." That is $904, 540,037. But there is ,a footnote to that which reads: “Together with re-appropriations of $4, 071,000 in 1989 and contract authorizations ol $20,000,000 in 1941; $22,070,000 in 1940 anc $15,000,000 in 1939.” Are you following? But “total appropriations” is misleading. 11 is the total, only not quite. Turn to page A3S under the heading of "Public Works.” Follow half way down the page and you find "Navj Department.” Isn’t that cute? A sort of trea sure hunt. That item is for $50,000,000. It alsc has a footnote which reads: ‘"Together with unexpended balances front prior years.” Even that isn’t the total. Already this year with the new congress just at the teething ring stage, there is a request before it for ar appropriation for the navy—ar.d other depart ments. You add the amount in that to th< unexpended naval balances, appropriations, ex penditures and public works allotments ther divide the total by the square root of Thurs day. The answer is $1,224,521,833. That is the amount the navy will receive this year. I quotations Let us admit that the republicans did nol make as many mistakes, but they made on< grand blunder—that of doing nothing. Thej fiddled while democracy waned.—Senator Bur. ton K. Wheeler (Dem., Mont.). • * * X believe that the war will definitely come tc an end in a few months as a result of revo lution In German-occupied territory and latei in Germany Itself.—Archduke Felix of Austria 4 Man About 9 [ Manhattan] — By G«org« Tuckti* NEW YORK. Jan- 15—That little fishing trip which I have been looking forward to with so much Pleasure has ended rather, abrupt ly. I was arrested for fishing out of season and fined $25.10. We were fishjng through the ice. We hadn’t been on the Ice more than half an hour when the warden came. But at that we were lucky, because you could be fined $50 for every fish taken—and we didn’t have any fish. This, may I hasten to explain, was more luck than lack of skill. We did have a fish. Just one. As I said, we hadn’t been there more than half an hour. When you fish through the ice, you dig a trap in the ice and put the caught fish in there. A trap is a hollow basin scooped out of the ice and filled with water. Fish will live for days in an ice trap. * * * My friend and companion in crime, one Harrison Wood, had made the trap, and by a rather lucky accident his pick slipped and he hacked a hole in the bottom of the trap. Not knowing this, I seiz ed the first fish caught and heav ed him into the trap. I think this fish must have heard the warden coming. As he hit the trap he flip ped himself around, leered at me once, and disappeared through the hole in the bottom. It was preciseity at this junc ture that the warden arrived. He drove up and briskly climbed out of his car. "Well,” he said, “do you know what I’m going to do?” We had a good idea but we didn’t want to commit oura-lves, so we said, ‘What, sir?” And he replied, “I'm going to pull you in. I’m go ing to take you down and let you tell it to the judge.” So we gathered all the equip ment and got into the car and fol lowed him on down to the town at the bottom of the hill. The judge was a good skate. He was a store-keeper too. During the hear ing he suddenly excused himself and went out into the store. A customer wanted three cans of con densed milk. A few minutes later another customer came in and ask ed for a pound of coffee “and about four weenies.” These were the only interrup tions there were, and so the pa pers were made out and we plead ed "Guilty but may I explain,” and the judge very courteously said, "Certainly, sir.” So he listened pa tiently until all the explanations were over, and then he answered us in a very sympathetic and quiet voice, showing us how in error we were, and then he said, 325.10.” • * * That was pretty lucky. In the old days they used to hang you for shooting the king’s deer. True, we were only catching the gover nor’s fish, but it was a light sen tence any way you look at it. The trouble seems to have been this . . . For the first time in ] years the ice-fishing season had been advanced from January 1st , to January «th. We didn't know this. We got there on January 3rd, 1 beating the gun by three full days. It all adds up to just one little thing: ignorance of the law is no excuse—not even for a fisherman. 1 " — ■ ' — . J Funeral Services Are Held For Henry Hall i - i Funeral rites for Henry Hall, 42, of Lake Waccamaw, a World war ' veteran and former inspector for the '■ state highway and public works de partment, who died in a local hos- i pital Wednesday night after a ling- i ering illness, were held from the ] residence Friday morning at 11 . o’clock. The Rev. Mr. Newton, minister of Whiteville, conducted the serv ices. Burial followed in the Sutton cemetery at Lake Waccamaw. j Mr. Hall was given military hon- , ors at the graveside by members . of the Whiteville post of the Amer lean Legion who acted as active ( pallbearers. . Mr. Hall retired about four years ' ago after having served as high way inspector for the state high way and public works commission for a number of years. i Survivors Include the widow. Mrs. 1 Anna Belle Hall; two children, 1 Jack and Jean Ann; and his moth- 1 er, Mrs. J. A. Hall, all of Lake < Waccamaw; four sisters, Mrs. L. < W. Garrett, of Greensboro; Mrs. L. W. Townsend, of Durham; Mrs. i Jack Edwards and Mrs. Walter < Burney, of Wananish; anu three i brothers, J. R. Hall, of Wilming- i ton; Lawrence and Ralph Hall, of Lake Waccamaw , Three Sailors Visit Homes Daring Leaves 1 - — t F. L. Williams, naval recruiting ] officer here, said yesterday that < three young men of southeastern 1 North Carolina are visiting their < homes while taking a brief leave of 1 absence from the naval training ' base at Hampton Roads, Va. t They are: Thomas F. Colvin of 1 801 South Fifth street; Thomas’ C Burns, of route two, Currie; and I Roosevelt Sibbett, of Wananish. 1 They have completed their re- > Icruit training, will return to the 1 naval training station base, and be i assigned shortly to various ships i of the U. S. fleet. } OPPOSES SLASHES , WASHINGTON, Jan. 15. — UP) - . The national rivers and harbors con- ( gress announced today that it was ( opposed to "drastic discriminatory < budget slashes in the amounts recom mended for rivers and harbors and [flood control projects.’ • , Toil Wish To Report Something Lost?’ I -pAU-V WOM10*1 Lost AMP FOUMP ; What It Means: Ending The Treaty With Japan | II. U. S. Looks For A Bargain This is the second of two ar ticles tracing Japanese-American relations from Perry’s time to the present. By MORGAN M. BEATTY AP Feature Service Writer WASHINGTON, Jan. 15 — The rapanese have coined a word for it! They say it and spell it phonetical y "MODAN.” It is the Oriental version of 'MODERN” and means Japan has aken her place beside the great vestern powers as a rival in mo^t vays than one. Japan has the third most power til fleet in the world. Her factories ire tooled with modern, western ma chines. Her merchant marine 's ast. Japanese merchants are form dable rivals for trade throughout he world. Japan’s cities have gay vhite ways, beer parlors, night clubs, “oomph girls,” gangsters, arid coap box orators. All of these modern manifesta ions appeared in Japan fairly re cently. In fact, in many ways, Japan s 60 years late with her modernism . . she’s just now catching up with ler imperialism. What U. S. Wants The United States is unwilling, by ler silence, to give assent to just -ny and every kind of empire build ng. She still wants the Open Door espected in China. She wants Japan o keep her promise given in the Cellogg Pact, to outlaw war, and in he Nine Power Treaty, to respect he integrity of China. But in American government eyes, t appears that the United States rill have to assume a bargaining at itude in relations with Japan, and hus use that stance to keep Japan ese "no trespassing” signs off the astern oceans. That’s the story behind the for aal notice to Japan that the Japan se-American treaty of commerce •nd amity exists no more after Jan lary 26, 1940. That notice does not mean we’ll top trade with Japan. But it does nean these three things: 1. The United States realizes that apan desperately needs the money ve are spending to buy her silk and oys, and whatnots. Japan also leeds our cottpn, scrap iron, and ither raw materials to carry on her nilitary campaigns. Ending of the ommercial treaty of 1911 gives the Jnited States the advantage in any llplomatic bargaining or pressure hat might follow the treaty expira ion. 2. After the treaty expires con fess may adopt any special disap proving attitude it desires toward 'apan, without having it said that he United states is a treaty-break ng power. For instance, the Pitt nan embargo resolution could be >assed. 3. The President also can take mergency measures to counteract span’s empire-building in the irient. For instance, he could place ountervailing duties against Japan se goods. A Close Friend The American government con iders it necessary to ctrike a bar t “Japan needs our raw materials." Here lead for Japan is being loaded on the west coast. gaining stance with Japan in the light of Japanese history. In 1894, modern Japan struck her first blow for empire and equality with the aid of the United States. At the turn of the century, Amer icans had a fondness for the spunk of their little “brothers Japanese.” The islanders of the Pacific fascin ated our parents. It was no wonder then that w'e led the procession of nations tow-ard the recognition of Japanese equality in 1894 by signing a trade treaty. Then again, in 1911, despite the fact that California passed laws against the immigration of Japanese laborers, we led the way. The treaty of 1894 was revised to wipe out en tirely the extra-territoriality and the tariff controls providing only that immigration of Japanese be cut down to a trickle. Meanwhile, the Japanese tried out the shining new military weapons the Germans had taught them to use. They whipped China and Rus sia in 1895 and 1905 on land and sea, and as a result, got Formosa, and eventually, Korea. * * * Pressure But the World war gave them their real opportunity, for not only did the Japanese join the winning Allies, but also they foresaw the economic dislocations that followed. Out of the war Japan got several Pacific islands close by, and when the depression set in, she grabbed Manchuria and Jehol, and bought the railway line through Manchuria from Russia. In 1935 she set out to subdue China, a task she’s still trying to complete. All through these years, Japanese American trade has been increasing although, even today, it represents no more than 15 per cent of the total volume of our trade. It is much more important than that to . the Japanese, for it represents al most one-third of their world busi ness. But just how important, really, is that trade to the Japanese? That’s what the Japanese and American governments will find out in the next few months. $11,776,501,570 Spent Under U. S. Relief dels WASHINGTON, Jan. 15. — W - President Roosevelt reported to con gress today that $11,776,501,570 hat been spent under the emergency re lief appropriation acts from April 8, 1935, to December 31, 1939. The report, covering funds ex pended by the works project ad ministration ,the public works admin istration and other agencies receiv ing funds under the relief acts, show ed $S72,212,975 had been spent from July 1, 1939, to December 31, 3935, the first half of this fiscal year. Total expenditures, by states, for the full period (April 8, 1935, to De cember 31, 1939) and expenditures from July 1 to December 31, 1939, in cluded: North Carolina $141,252,596 and $12,932,958; South Carolina $127,006, 778 and $11,877,722. Mr. And Mrs. Winner File Suit For Land Suit seeking the return of two tracts of property at Carolina Beach, allegedly transferred to D. Carl Winner and his wife. Margaret Weils Winner and held in trust for the plaintiffs, has been filed in Ne'T Hanover superior court by Mark a L. Winner and wife, of Carolina Beach. The plaintiffs allege that they conveyed two tracts to the defen dants with the understanding that the amount asked was to be paid or the title thereto was to revert to the plaintiffs. They further allege that nothing has been paid for the lots, which are worth from $5,000 to $6,0«0 and that one of the defendants has left the county and cannot be found. They ask in addition to the re turn of the property, recompense deemed fitting by the court. Three Bodies Found In Burning Farmhouse BAINBRIDGE, N. Y , Jan. ^ W)—Three bodies were found in * burned farmhouse near here l0<^ and state police are investigating determine if three or more person! may have been slain. Neighbors saw the home of • j ind Mrs. Frank Teed in flames -n [y after 4 a. m„ but snow ana ^ roads prevented them from ieac'1 mg the scene immediately. . Teed, 68; his wife, Helen, <> ■ tn^ 15-year-oid daughter, Kutn. a" James Fink, a hired man, ail a‘ missing. RESOLUTION WASHINGTON, Jan. 15- - A resolution directing the state ^ partment to inform the houseb|0# letails of an alleged plot t0 ,0. ip Boulder dam was introduce lay in the house by Represent1 Kramer (D-Calif).