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WILMINGTON ASSOCIATED PRESS And Southeastern North With Complete Coverage of Car0^na ' Slate and National News - WILMINGTON, N. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 17, 1940 ★ ★ ESTABLISHED 1867 LONG LEADS JONES, OTHERS IN LOUISIANA VOTE -Jir *1. - A A A A i ' i aaa A A A M ■ New Orleans Provides Lead For Governor Jones Has 2 To 1 Majority Over Main Opponent In Upstate Parishes MANY ARRESTS MADE Violence Flares And Num* erous Election Irregu larities Are Reported NEW ORLEANS, Jan. 16.—(JT*>—• Governor Earl K. Long early to night built up a commanding lead over Sam H. Jones, his principal primary, on the basis of early re turns in New Orleans proper, but Jones had a nearly 2 to 1 lead over Long in the first five upstate par ishes reported. The count in the five upstate par ishes: Jones 284; Long 151, James A. Noe 6,495, Morrison 1,467, Mose ley 151. 550,000 Vote Expected New Orleans normally casts slightly more than 25 per cent of the total state vote, which in to day's primary was expected to pass 550,000. V lU-ieilUC, dlicaio a.11^ v~ voting irregularities brought ten sion as Louisiana democrats passed judgment on the 1940 model of the political machine Huey P. Long set going in 1928. Governor Karl K. Long fought to retain his seat, maintain in power the indictment-riddled or ganization built by his slain brother. Challenging him for the vital demo cratic nomination were four anti administrationists—Attorneys S a rr» Jones of Lake Charles, James H. Morrison of Hammond, State Sen ator James A. Noe of Monroe and Vincent Moseley of Opelousas. The “reform” candidates through a rough and tumble campaign pledged an end to “dictatorships, graft and corruption,” centered their attacks on the many scandals un earthed by federal agents since now indicted Richard W. Leche re signed the governorship last June and Lieutenant Governor Long stepped in. Long denied all knowledge of or part in the proven or alleged graft (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) japsWadjust SOVIET RELATIONS Foreign Minister Says Ef forts Will Be Made To Improve Dealings TOKYO, Jan. 17 (Wednesday).— (JP)—Foreign Minister Hachiro Arita told the Japanese press today that “we intend to make the strongest possible effort to adjust relations with Soviet Russia.” Rapidly outlining the course of Japan’s foreign policy under the new cabinet of Premier Admiral Mitsumasa Yonai, Arita said a ie suit “similar to the conclusion of a non-aggression pact” is sought with Japan’s most-feared neighbor through current negotiations foB demarcation of frontiers on tha Asiatic mainland. The press quoted Arita as frankly admitting the Russian-German pact of friendship last September, which (Continued on Page Three; Col. 2) A Dependable Source Of Exira Income For Firms And Individuals Among the thousands of Star-News readers who look in the Want Ads every day there are people who will buy almost anything at a fair price. In fact many o£ these prospective customers cannot be reached in any other way. Whether you wish to buy, sell, rent, or hire a de pendable Want Ad in ths Star and News is the answer to quick results at minimum cost. Phone 2800 To Place Your Wanf Ad IF. D. R. Hands Jrmnish Aid Question To Congress | Nation’s Chief Suggests Way To Make Loan Asserts It May Be Done By Increasing Export-Im port Bank’s Funds SOLONS DEBATE STEP President Expected To Have His Way And Plan Will Be Approved By RICHARD L. TURNER WASHINGTON, Jan. 16.— UD — President Roosevelt put the question of a loan to Finland up to congress today, with a suggestion that it be done by increasing the funds of the Export-Import bank and a declara tion that such action would not drag the United States into war. "There is without doubt in the United States a great desire for some action to assist Finland to fi nance the purchase of agricultural surpluses and manufactured prod ucts, not including implements of war,” he said in a letter dispatched to both Vice President Garner and Speaker Bankhead. Precedents Opposed "There is at the same time un doubted opposition to the creation of precedents which might lead to large credits to nations in Europe, either belligerents or neutrals. No one desires a return to such a status.” At a later press conierence, rar. Roosevelt was asked why the neu trality act, forbidding loans to bel ligerents had never been applied to the Russo-Finnish war. He replied that the struggle is an undeclared war. Mr. Roosevelt’s proposal stirred up a flurry of senate debate on the im plications of the proposal and evok ed demands that it be considered not only by the banking committee, but the foreign relations committee as well. It was ultimately agreed (Continued on Page Three; Col. 4) TRIAL OF BROWDER WILL OPEN TODAY Communist Leader Charg ed With Passport Fraud In Sensational Case NEW YORK, Jan. 16.—(ff)—Earl Browder, the national communist leader, goes to trial tomorrow for passport fraud in an already cele brated case filled with suggestions of international intrigue. The main witness against him, the government indicated tonight, might be an erstwhile fellow revo lutionary, Nicholas Dozenberg, who has pleaded guilty to a similar charge, publicly renounced com munism and indicated a willingness to tell an extraordinary story of Soviet espionage against one of the crowned heads of Europe. Browder, who as general secre tary of the communist party, U. S. A., is its most authoritative voice, is accused specifically of having ob tained and used a passport through false representations. His indictment followed his ack nowledgment, last Sept. 6, before (Continued on Page Three; Col. 1) Ip Accused Plotters Trained In I Here are five of the 17 men arrested in New York by G-Men for an alleged plot to overthrow the federal government and set up a dictatorship. They are pictured on the rifle range at their Narrows burg. N. Y„ camp. Left to right, Michael Vill, Macklin Boettger, Frank Malone, John A. Viebrock and John Graf. At bottom is part of the arsenal found in the basement of Viebrock’s Brooklyn home. - --- CHRISTIAN FRONT’ PROBE IS PUSHED Suspended New York Po lice Officer Said To Have Belonged To Group NEW YORK, t Jan. IS.—(fP)—A ■uspended lieutenant of the New fork City police department was leclared today to have belonged for i “short period” to a “Christian front” organization whose leaders lave been jailed on charges of se iitious conspiracy to overthrow the United States government. This was announced by Police Commissioner Lewis J. Valentine ‘her a departmental inquiry into reports that at least 40 of the city’s 8,MO policemen had belonged to the 'Christian Front.” 'alentine said Lieut. Thomas Cav magh, one of 11 police officials un ler suspension in an investigation 4 Brooklyn bail bond irregularities, iad Wned the “Christian Front” "o years ago at the time of its or tanization, but had withdrawn shortly thereafter. Cavanagh denied. Valentine said, ™ i'e had attempted to "influence iii! member of the department or ln! other person to join” the organi sation. Among the 1” Christian Front” nembers acer • . .f plotting to kill an7on _ . -'B1' .lieu anu oci up ex e"-baiting dictatorship in America “tre several national guardsmen, ■ o navy and marine reservists and eiman-Amt-rican bundsman. aders said the group, held in bail ‘reregating SS50.000, was subdued spirit. All have pleaded innocent. v o£ 4',e prisoners, George Kel a hotel worker, expressed be . . er™ePt at his arrest and com £ don't know whether I’m lnst communism or not. I don’t inow "hat it’s all about.” Asheville tobacco ASHEVILLE, Jan. 16.—(2P)—The tobacco market today sold 45’-n P0Unds o£ burley for $32, jr." .’an official average of $17.02, scason’s average up to JVEATHER Xorth forecast I'JUtlv Partly cloudy to older Thurscl-tj-day a u d Thursday; :»di„Ie^'?ehai data for the 24 hours 6 ‘ "O P- m. yesterday). 1:30 a .Temperature «• '7-001 7:30 a- in- 28; 1:30 p. hinimiim W.p‘ m- 41; maximum 52; ' mean 40 normal 46. 1:30 a ,n .„H“midity 2si 7-a,„°®: ,:3U “• m- 72; 1:30 p. ’ -“U P- m. 57. n Total (or •«Plecipitation “»e; total vin„°Ul«- ending 7:30 p. m., 47 inches. "lnce first o£ tlm month, Tides For Today i'mington High Low i. “ —3:04a 10:38a ‘bsonboro T„|„f .3;2«P 10:54p nuet -12:30a 6:52a sunrise ? ■17,.. 12:46p 7:20p 10:^i moinsTl^olp;8^ m0°n ,tt"»'e,1IT95rifT« stage at Fay ,C°ntinUed »h **afie Three; Col. 3) Civic Proposal Contest Prize List Is Doubled .. ■ * _ TIME ALSO EXTENDED Many Persons Are Putting Real Time And Effort >To Drafting Suggestions The prizes to be offered for the best proposals submitted in the Star News contest to draft a program of community projects that will, if achieved, lift the general welfare and prosperity of Wilmington and New Hanover county were doubled in amount by R. B. Page, publisher of the newspaper, yesterday. “So many citizens wishing to enter suggestions have asked for time in which to work out projects carefully and soundly enough to make their achievement probable,” the publish er said, “that it has been decided to extend the time for filing entries from January 26 to February 1.” His decision to increase the prizes offered, Mr. Page said, was based on the obvious fact many persons enter ing the contest are putting “real time and effort into the preparation of their suggested projects.” He expressed the belief that the winners will find even more satisfac tion in the fact they have contribut ed to the program for the advance ment of the prosperity and well-be ing of their community. The increased prizes are: $25 for the suggestion adjudged best, $15 for the second best and $10 for the third best. A prize of $1 will be awarded to each person submitting a suggestion that is incorporated in the Star-News program. This program, now undergoing general revision, along with a list ing of recently achieved projects supported by the Star-News, may be found on the editorial page of The Wilmington Morning Star. OHIO’S DEMOCRATS FAVOR ROOSEVELT Delegates Will Support Re nomination Of President For Third Herm COLUMBUS, O., Jan. 16.—UP)— Ohio democrats today boarded a third term band wagon for Presi dent Roosevelt. State Chairman Arthur L. Lim bach said delegates would go to the democratic national convention ready to support renomination of the President or back his selection for a White House successor. Limbach expressed belief Mr. Roosevelt would decline a third term and by inference designate Associate Justice William O. Doug las of the United States supreme i (Continued on Page Three;. .Col, 1). A. C. L. ‘Vacationer* Derailed In Georgia JACKSONVILLE, Fla., Jan. 16—(/P)—Ten cars of the Atlantic Coast Line deluxe coach train “The Vacationer” were derailed a mile and a half north of Na hunta, Ga., tonight and first re ports here said five passengers W’ere injured, none seriously. F. B. Langley, transportation superintendent, said a broken rail was believed to have been responsible. Reports indicated that the in juries to the five passengers re quiring hospital treatment were minor, Langley declared. Their names were not immediately available. The train was northbound from Miami to New York. Arrange ments were being made to trans fer the passengers to another train at Waycross. LOWER INSURANCE RATES ARE ASKED Action Is Taken At Weekly Meeting Of Wilmington Rotary Club Members of the Wilmington Ro tary club voted yesterday to re quest the chamber of commerce to investigate the possibility of secur ing the benefits of lower fire insur ance rates in the city. The action came after several Rotarians had called attention to the fine record made by the fire (Continued on Page Three; Col. 2) BRITAIN REPORTS LOSS OF THREE SUBS ORDERED TO GUARD NORTH SEA OUTLETS By EDWIN STOUT LONDON, Jan. 16.— (AP) — Britain today acknowledged the loss of three of her submarines assigned to one of the royal navy’s most dangerous jobs— patrol of German North Sea out lets to keep the Nazi fleet bot tled up. The submarines Undine, Sea horse and Starfish—$3,000,000 worth of undersea craft carry ing about 110 men—failed to re turn to their bases and must now be regarded as lost, the admiralty announced. Presum ably they were sunk by depth charges. The number of casual ties was unknown. The Germans in a communique said the Starfish and Undine were destroyed "through Ger man defense measures” in Hel goland Bight and that some of V their crewmen had been rescued. The Nazi statement made no mention of the Seahorse. These sinkings, which raised admitted Britisli naval losses to 20 ships aggregating 79,128 tons and 1,875 lives, were announced shortly before Prime Minister Chamberlain in a war report to parliament declared: “From the viewpoint of today it would be idle to try and pic ture the course of history in the 194Q’s or even in the present year. “At the moment there is a lull in the operations of war. But at any time that lull may be sharply broken and events may occur within a few weeks, or even in a few hours, which would reshape the history of the world. “It may well be that the war is about to enter upon a more acute phase. If that should prove the case we are ready for it.” The sunken submarines were part of the British fleet which patrols mine-infested, airplane guarded German waters waiting for Nazi warships to venture out. The exploits of this patrol thus far includes the reported sinking of a German cruiser of the Koeln class Dec. 14 by the Ursula, sister-ship of the Un dine, a 540-ton craft of a coastal type which normally carries 27 men. The Starfish and Seahorse were sisterships of the seagoing swordfish class. They had a sur face displacement of 640 tons and carried normal complements of 40 men each. Completed in 1933, the Star fish and Seahorse each hud six 21-incli torpedo tubes and mount ed a three-inch deck gun. The Undine, one of Britain’s most modern undersea craft, carried six 21-inch torpedo tubes but no deck guns. She was launched in September, 1938. Their losses constituted the heaviest blow to the British navy since the Nov. 25 sinking of the 16,697-ton armed British raider Rawalpindi by the German pock et battleship Deutschland with a loss of 280 lives. The Admiralty previously ack nowledged the toss of the subma rine Oxley, which went down with four officers and 49 men in the first week of the war, but the British insisted that the ex plosion which destroyed her was not due to enemy action, JL ___ Plans To Retire I _I RRP. DOUGHTON WASHINGTON, Jan. 16— <iP) — One of congress’ senior members and most colorful figures, Rep. Robert L. Doughton (D-NC), an nounced today that he would step down from office at the end of this year. President Roosevelt at his press conference immediately expressed regret, saying the North Carolinian w.-.s a very valuable member of the lawmaking branch. Doughton, 76, said in a formal statement he had served his district since 1911 and he wished to “take life easier.” His retirement means that Rep. Cullen (D-NY), if re-elected this fall, will succeed Doughton as chairman of the ways and means committee, a post the North Carolinian has held since 1933. Doughton, tall, rangy, bald ani still a vigorous worker, has, as com mittee chairman,' steered through the house such bills as the Social Security law, the reciprocal trade program and a half dozen tax mea sures. BRITISH CABINET CRISIS SMOTHERED Chamberlain Reassures Unity And Hore-Belisha Makes Mild Statement LONDON, Jan. 16.—CF)—Britain’s acute war cabinet crisis—the ouster of War Minister Leslie Hore-Beli sha—was smothered tonight in par liamentary assurances of unity. The determined hand of 70 year old Neville Chamberlain accomplish il this result, in order that nothing stand in the way df Britain’s war effort. The setting was the crowded, vault-like house of commons, meet ing for the first time after the holi day adjournment. Polished, volatile Hore-Belisha, speaking in the suave and careful manner of which he is a past mas ter, made a brief, mild statement in which he avoided any semblance of making an issue of his displace ment on January 5. Chamberlain then handed him a verbal bouquet in a manner which some interpreted as meaning that another big job might yet await Hore-Belisha. The prime minister declined to give specific reasons for the ouster, denied flatly that it was due to pressure from the army, repudiated the suggestion that Hore-Beiisha’s Jewish race was involved, and said in very general terms: “I had become aware of difficul ties arising out of the very great qualities of my right honorable (^ontinued oil Page Three; Col. 3) Finn Troops) Pressing War Into Russia Ski Soldiers In Central Area Force Line 10 Miles Into Soviet Land NEWSMEN SEE SECTOR Red Airplanes Strike Again And Bring New Suffer ing lo Civilians By THOMAS F. HAWKINS WITH THE CENTRAL FINNISH FORCES IN RUSSIA, Jan. 16—<A>> —Finland’s ski troops have forced the Russian army on this front from its early December positions nearly 20 miles within Finland to a line five to 10 miles inside Russia. ed outposts on Soviet soil. Although Finnish ski patrols regularly are cutting into the Russian force to re connoitre. This is the only "front” on enemy territory. Opposite Lieksa The new lines here are opposite Lieksa, about 90 miles north of Lake Ladoga, high above the rolling, snow-capped Russian hills. With two other American corre spondents, I crossed into Russia with a Finnish ski patrol this after noon*. An hour before this, the whitfe-clad Finnish ski runners had put to flight a Soviet patrol of 60 men. The Finns, patiently slowing their ski pace as we plodded and puffed along on foot, pointed out fresh tracks where the Russians had dart ed into the forest and escaped to their own lines. One Finn was believed at first to have been taken prisoner but turn ed up later at dusk after following the Red army men to scout their positions. The Lieksa Russian front really is a series of outposts to guard two roads from the border, one to the north and the other to the south of Lieksa . The roads are about 45 miles apart. Deep valleys and broad-topped hills forested with tall pines, firs and evergreen create an illusion of (Continued on Page Three; Col. 2) GANNETT TO SEEK G.O.P. NOMINATION Says He Is Answering ‘Call To Duty That No Cit zen Can Ignore’ ROCHESTER, N. Y-, Jan. 16.— —Frank Gannett, Rochester publish er and long-time critic of President Roosevelt and the New Deal, an nounced tonight his candidacy for the republican presidential nomina tion. The 63-year-oid publisher told a civic reception in his honor and a radio audience (NBC-blue network): “I realize what it means to be a candidate for the republican nomi nation for President—what it means in responsibility, in hard work, in (Continued on Page Three; Coi. 4) -- j Leads - mmsm®■ t atw ^ mass GOV. LONG TRIAL OF GIBSON TO START TODAY Special Venire Of 100 Juries Drawn; Addition al Indictment Returned Trial of Simon Gibson, negro, charged with criminally assaulting a young married white woman sev eral months ago, will be opened at 2:30 o’clock this afternoon in supe rior court here. A special venire of 100 jurors was drawn yesterday for the trial. And in the meantime, the grand jury returned an additional bill of indictment against the negro, in which he is charged with burg'ary. The indictment alleges that on the night of August 19, the negro forci bly entered the premises of Mrs. Minnie Potter, white woman, while the house was occupied. This indictment and the others also lodged against the negro will be continued until trial is completed on the rape charge. District Solicitor David Sinclair said today he will not try to in troduce the confession signed by the negro shortly after he was arrested. At the first trial, Judge Henry L. Stevens ruled out the confession on the basis that it was not made of the negro’s owm volition. During yesterday morning’s ses sion, Esther MacDonald was grant ed a divorce from James H. Mac Donald. Willie Graham, negro, was found guilty of assault witn a ueamy weapon and was sentenced to serve two years on the state highways. During yesterday afternoon's ses sion, Bo' Garrison, young white man, was found guilty of prostitu tion in the second degree. He will be sentenced today. Ralph Callihan was found not guilty of operating a motorcycle in toxicated. LaVerne Moore, charged with storebreaking and larceny, was found guilty on both charges and waj sentenced to serve two years on the state highways in each, the sentences to run concurrently. RECOMMENDS McENTEE WASHINGTON, Jan. 16— <iP> — William Green, president of the Amercian Federation of Dabor, said after a White House call today that he had recommended that James J. McEntee be named director of the CCC. McEntee has been acting di rector. The European War Situation (By The Associated Press) LONDON. — Britain smothers war cabinet crisis over War Minister Hore-Belisha’s resigna tion in parliamentary unity; Britain acknowledges loss of three submarines. WITH THE CENTRAL FIN NISH FORCES IN RUSSIA — Finland’s ski troops force Rus sian army from five to 10 miles inside Russia, establish out posts on Soviet soil. HELSINKI. — Russian war planes strike again; two Rus sian companies dispersed near Salla, Finns say. WASHINGTON. — President Roosevelt puts issue of Finnish loan up to congress, suggests increasing funds of Export-Im port bank to make money avail able. PARIS.—Chamber of deputies votes to oust former commu nists from parliament and pub I lie office.