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®hpJ®tittitngtong>tar * Published Dally Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News At The Murchison Building R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher Telephone All Departments 2800 Eitered as Second Class Matter at Wilmlng ton. N C Postoffice Under Act of Congress * of March 3. 1879 _ Subscription Rates bt Carrier Payable Weekly or In Advance 3 Combina Star Netcs ticm 1 Week ...,-.20 * 15 * -30 ! Months . . 6 20 390 7-80 • Ye.rh ;;;;;;;;;.10.40 7.80 ls.eo News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday Issue of Star-Mews _ 13 j, mail Payable Strictly in Advance Combiner Btar Hew* Hon 1 Month -75 * 50 *-90 I Months ... 200 1 50 2.75 6 Months . 4 00 3.00 6.50 x Year . 8 00 6 00 10-00 (Dally Without Sunday) 1 Month.* .50 6 Months .*3 00 8 Months. 1.50 1 Year . 8 00 (Sunday Only) 1 Month.20c 6 Months .*125 3 Months. 65c 12 Months .. 2.50 Metis rates entitle subscriber to Sunday Issue of 8tar-blows The Associateb Press is entitled to the exclusive use of all news stories appearing In The Wilmington Btar MONDAY, JANUARY 29, 1940 I Star-News Program 1. Shipyards. 2. Increase of Port Facilities. S. Adequate Hospital Facilities, jf. Annexation of Suburbs. 5. Development of Fort Caswell as Health Resort. 6. Promotion of Canning Industry. 7. City Expansion Commission. 8. Junior College. ACHIEVEMENTS WE HAVE FAVORED Slum Clearance. Free bridge across the Cape Fear river over Highway 20. Free causeway to Wrightsville Beach. Recreation Centers. Municipal Auditorium. Preservation of Old City and Thai ian Hall. Give Centre. Organized industrial services for mington. Adequate school facilities for Wil mington and New Hanover county. traffic signals on streets of Wilming ton Thirty foot channel from Wilmington to Southport bar. Construction of third lock and dam between Wilmington and Fayetteville on the upper Cape Fear river. TOP O' THE MORNING Give us a watchword for the hour, A thrilling word, a word of power; A battle cry, a flaming breath, That calls to conquest or to death; A word to arouse the Church from rest, To heed its Master’s high behest; The call is given, Ye hosts arise; trur watchword is Evangelize! —Quoted by Db. Geobge Tbuett THE ULTIMATE PERIL It. may be that the alarmists exaggerate America’s peril in the world’s present insan ity. At the same time it is impossible to wit ness the advance of totalitarian ideology without drawing certain depressing conclu sions. One of these is that defeat of Finland would create a danger we could not hope to escape. A Russian victory in Finland would mean seizure of ihe Scandinavian countries, Holland and Belgium, by Germany and Rus sia and expose France and Britain to easier attack by air and water. Were the dictators victorious over these two powers, the East Indies and Malaysia would be in Germany’s control. Japan then would have a free hand in China and the Pacific. Unless we offered armed interference, the Philippines would drop into Tokyo’s hands. With these rich prizes won, what could keep the three totali tarian powers from turning their united at tention to the conquest of the United States, now the world's richest prize? This is not a surrealist picture. It is a clear print of possibilities ahead. If it does ■any one thing, it shows that Finland, and the war now progressing there, is the focal point in world affairs. The Russo-Finnish war, starting in the wings, comes into the center of the stage, preparatory to the climax of the drama being enacted across the At lantic. To believe that the United States has no concern with it is to exhibit little under standing of the situation. At the same time, to believe the only way we can serve our self interest would be to plunge into war now would show equal ig norance of fact. To take a hand in the fight ing Inevitably would rob us of our proper role in the final crisis—a role which will re quire our greatest skill, our best talent, our sanest thought, to keep the balance of power where it is most certain to eliminate politi cal brigandage. But we have a duty to perform, despite our isolation from the battle. If we find a way to combine with our national defense « i the means which will enable Finland to evict the Russians, and thus administer needed defeat to Stalinism, and indirectly to Hit lerism, we will be meeting the gravest need in our history. UP TO GRAND JURY t'XONERATION by a coroner’s jury of " Charlie Robbixs, 17, student bus driver, in the death of little Rachel Valeria Joxes at Leland last week, on the ground that she died in an unavoidable accident, should not be allowed to close the case, as far as the state school administration is concerned. The tragedy should be brought to the at tention of the grand jury of Brunswick coun ty, and the niggard policy of the system which places the pay of school bus drivers so low that experienced men cannot live on it and support their families, condemned so strongly that the press of the state—the mouthpiece of the people—will take up the cry for reform. In the final analysis, this little school girl’s death dates back to 1933—long before she was born—when the budget of the state was revised. At that time it was found necessary to do something about spending of the com monwealth’s money, to get the outflow in better relation to the income. Budget revision downward was the result, and that would have been all right if it had been uniform in all of the state’s departments. But by cutting this one service of driving children to and from school to less than ten dollars a month, and so turning it over to immature boys, the only persons able to do it at that pay, the budget cutters placed the life of every school child using the buses in jeopar dy. That more have not died as the wee Joxes girl did must be attributed to the in tervention of a kind providence, and not to the action of the school administration, or any other administration in charge of fixing rates of pay. While some counties nave Deen a Die tu supplement the salaries of the bus drivers, and so acquired the services of competent, adults, the situation is far from cleared up. The only way to clear it up is through public indignation. No better means of arousing public indig nation can be found than for the Brunswick county grand jury to take a firm stand for fair pay so that men of proved experience and competency may be employed. SOLVING UNEMPLOYMENT Unemployment cures spring up like weeds in spring. Some have a grain of sense on them. Many have nothing to account for their existence except a wish to hurt the admin istration. One, however, is so simple it deserves more than passing attention. It comes from an Englewood, N. J., banker, Mr. James F. McKinney, who says he owes it to a sermon he had previously heard at his favorite church. Mr. McKinney proposes that all employes surrender twenty per cent of their wages or salaries with the understanding that their employers use it for employment of as many additional workers as it will compensate at the prevailing rate of pay. A fine plan. But it has one handicap. It calls for a degree of unselfishness average mortals are not prepared to practice. CONGRATULATIONS In the names of the newsmen of North Carolina, The Star-News herewith congratu lates Sheriff C. David Jones and former Sher iff John R. Morbis, of New Hanover, now president and secretary-treasurer, respectively of the State Sheriff’s association, on the year book just published. MaI nnlv I a if f Vio loronct o ml mnaf nloli orate ever printed by the Sheriffs’ associa tion, but Secretary Morris has incorporated the names of all state departments and divi sions, listing personnel and the govern mental agencies of every county, city and town, listing the personnel of every public officer from mayor to school board members At last, we say, the newspapers have a real "guide” to North Carolina officialdom— and, we have it from Mr. Morris himself— the initials and names are all set down cor rectly. Editorial Comments From Other Angles A TALE OF TWO CITIES New Vork Herald Tribune The rivalry between the two most important cities In the Soviet Union, Moscow, the new capital, and Leningrad, the old pre-revolution ary capital, threatens again to come to the fore as reports, indicate the dissatisfaction of the Russian population with the war, the long liiyis at the stores and the hint in the rising prices that the Soviet Union will probably have to put its citizens back on ration cards before the end of the year. Leningrad has by far the most intelligent and enlightened proletariat in the Soviet Union. The Leningrad factory workers, who bore the brunt of the fight against the czarist regime in 190!) and again in 1917, in the revolt of the Bolsheviks against the Kerensky government, have been left out of the picture since 1918. The capital was moved to Moscow, and the revolution passed from the hands of the Lenin grad bosses to those of Stalin and his friends. Leningrad has always been the center of the radical opposition to Stalin. In other parts of the country there were certain groups of bour geois nationalist opposition, but it was only in the old capital that the nucleus of a real pro letarian opposition against the bureaucracy of Stalin continued. The former capital is a bor der city, but that does not explain entirely why it was passed up by the Moscow government when housing projects and public works were being carried out in other Soviet cities. On the other hand, if one considers the lists of the outstanding leaders In the purges, names like Zinoviev and Kameniev, both former josses of the Leningrad party machine, stand jut on the list. Also, if one is to believe any thing of the testimony at the Soviet treason :rialfl, it was in Leningrad that the real op poattlonlst centers continued to exist. Now that the international situation within the Soviet Union is getting more precarious, ind discontent is reportedly increasing among the wide masses of the population, particu larly in Leningrad, where rising prices from the war have also been accompanied by a vast influx of wounded from the front, and repressive G. P. U- restrictions to control de serters, the temper of the Soviet population in Leningrad is of great importance. Zhada nov, the No. 2 man in the Soviet Union, is said to be in disgrace. He, too, is a boss of the Leningrad party apparatus, and his ouster, if it follows the usual pattern, will be ^accompa nied by a wholesale removal of all his personal friends and supporters. This will add to the growing discontent and restlessness of the Leningrad population a feeling of insecurity among the party leaders and a willingness at least to consider the possibility of opposition to Stalin, if the leaders are going to be removed anyhow, and have nothing to lose. It is too early in the war for the Leningrad population to dare any open sign of discontent against the Stalin regime. But as the dissatis faction at rising food prices continues to grow, and if the war goes badly and the casualties crowd back into Leningrad as they have in the past weeks, the field for anti-Stalinist agi tation will become increasingly ripe. Leningrad has always been the frst to show its discontent against government by revolutionary outbreaks and there is every indication that any new disturbance would find far more support and have more chance of spreading in the former Russian capital than in any other city or sec tion of the Soviet Union. WASHINGTON DAYBOOK By PRESTON GROVER WASHINGTON, Jan. 28.—In spite of British secrecy on trade statistics, evidence has ac cumulated here that England is fighting so hard for her old markets that she is even cut ting down on production of war goods so she can make things to sell abroad. A government economist cnarged with od serving these things said England had pulled numerous plants out of war production to fill orders for foreign goods. Even the rationing of British subjects and the restraints on purchase of non-essentials, he said, is in large part directed at preserving the output of exportable goods. It has other purposes, too. Britain doesn’t want her subjects to spend their war wages foolishly. British industrial wages are in large part pegged to prices. If British wage earners begin buying too lavishly of luxury and non-essential goods, prices will rise. That will force up wages. In turn, rising labor costs will force Up prices— and so on. The old spiral leads to inflation. The British want none of that. Moreover, they want their wage earners to save their increased earnings. It will be nice to have them able to buy war bonds. • • • Little Destruction Britain wants no silk-shirt craze to sweep the country as it did the United States in the war years. That sends gallons of gold out of the country for fashionable frivolities just when the country needs raw materials she can make into things to drop on Germany or sell to neutrals. What has made it possible to return part of the great English factory system to manu facture of export goods is the strange nature of the war. There has been no enormous de struction such as might have been expected by this time. No trains have been blown up. No columns of trucks have been destroyed. Britain expanded her plants in the expecta tion that there would be lots of shooting by now, and much destruction. There hasn’t been much, so England is able to direct her atten tion to saving overseas trade which she might have expected to surrender to the U. S. or Ja pan if the war had become really explosive. • * • British Trade Climbs Here is an indication of what is happening. Normally England imports $324,000,0000 of goods a month, exports $157,000,000. For two months after the war started in September both imports and exports here were cut almost in half. By November the conviction had grown in Britain that there was no need to cut off her customers. She would keep her own old customers and in addition get those from which Germany had been cut off. That was especially true in South America. Promptly British trade climbed back to nor mal and above. By December it was better than normal, with imports at $387,000,0000 and exports at $180,000,000. Returns from shipping and insurance handsomely helped balance her fra rip She Is engaging In direct barter in many in stances, just as Germany did. Without stinting her primary war production, England is able to supply machine tools and railroad equip ment in return for essential raw materials. The raw materials she has sought since No vember are the kind which can be converted either into essential war goods or into export goods. She is using mighty little shipping space to supply fancy goods for her wage earners. England seems to think that when the war ends she will have world markets already at hand to take up the slack caused by dis banding her armies. In time of war, England is preparing for peace. QUOTATIONS | The national strength has been gradually undermined by a governmental philosophy of defeatism.—Thomas E. Dewey, G. O. P. presi dential candidate. • • * I’d rather be called "mister” in this country than "count” in any other country you can mention.—Count Fritz Don Juan Frederick von Bernstorff-Blenner, when he became American citizen and plain Fritz Bernstorff. * * * A husband arriving home and giving his wife an Errol Flynn kiss would probably send her hurrying to the lawyer. She would suspect her husband of practicing elsewhere. — Director Michael Curtiz of Hollywood. • * • Only men of such mor;.l stature will be able to create the peace, that will compensate for the incaculable sacrifices of this war and clear the way for a comity of nations, fair to all, efficacious and sustained by mutual confidence —Pope Pius XII, in letter to President Roose velt. * * • Responsible governments know we will re fuse any proposal of war participation and that we intend, with all the means at our disposal, to meet any attempt to violate our neutrality. —Premier Per Albin Hansson, of Sweden. • * * Our form of government and our form of liberties will be menaced until the new deal theorists are replaced by those who believe in private enterprise and know how to make it work.—Frank E. Gannett, G.O.P. candidate for President. ✓ Man About Manhattan By George Tucker^ NEW YORK, Jan- 28~1 have always thought it would be a lino thing if small bronze plaques could be placed on all the old houses in New York where so many famous people of the past have lived. There are such houses, and sites all over town, and yet every day thousands of people pass them unrecognized, little realizing that here lived a Clemenceau, there a Lafayette. I was thinking of this today be cause sometime this year Sidney Lanier will probably be elected to the Hall of Fame, and for a brief while Sidney Lanier lived at 45 East Tenth street in New York. Sidney Lanier, with the lone excep tion of Poe, is the greatest poet the south ever had. He was a Georgian, ar.d he fought all through the War Between the States, and he died when he was only 39. He was at Chickahominy and he was with Lee at Malvern Hill. And after that he became a scout, rid ing the tangled Virginia trails, and duelling with Blue horsemen under lonesome moons. * • • There has, in recent years, been a growing awakening of Lanier’s true importance, and only this month the Southern Literary Mes senger has brought out a number of hitherto unpublished letters of the poet, one of them being from New York. That was in 1869, and Sidney was somewhat fascinated by the Broadway crowds he observed from his window. “I sit here, My One Friend,” he wrote, ‘‘late at night, in my lonely lodging, above the munsii uua iui iuuu uj. ulkj while the endless mass of men and women rolls on beneath; and a torn-throated fire-bell blares out its alarum with i marvelous braz en gurgle." This letter is dated May 4, and next day the papers tell of a laund-y burning ‘‘with much showers of sparks and flares”; and a gray-stone church gazing out against me . . . The church Lunier has in mind is Grace church, Episcopal, which today is newer much handsomer than the one he knew. “And I will say further that I am here on business, and will be here a matter of weeks longer, and that I would be greatly builded up in my belief that honor is not gone from among men and women like a candle in a wind-gust—a hard belief to cherish in this most ingeniously perverted and exquis itely distorted of all civilizations which one finds in the New Yorker AT NIGHT.” The capitals are La nier’s. * * * This was a long time ago, nearly 71 years. His old lodging, of course, is gone, and in its place stands a six-storied building, but blackened and empty and dirty, with iron fire escapes in front, and a Chi nese restaurant next door. The corner of Broadway that he beheld from his window still holis Grace church, and just across the street is a great de partment store (Wanamaker's); diagonally across is a five-&-dime store (Woolworth's). The “mon strcus turmoil” has become a night mare of taxi-cabs and buses, and thousands of people pass there every hour, little dreaming that here too once lived a man so joy ous with life that he could not help but exclaim, “I am lit with tht Sun.” Hollywood Sights And Sounds ■ riv Rabbin Coons HOLLYWOOD, Jan. 28.—All the rumblings from this vicinity aren’t earthquakes. Most of them are Grumbles. Maybe there’s an actor who doesn’t have one. Maybe there’s in actor who doesn’t give it out— but that’s because, at the moment, he’s under the ether in a hospital Look at the Lamour girl in a sa rong, which is easy to do. Dorothy 30 likee brown girl, Dottie wanna oe white American girl like true. Dottie wanna kick off sarong and jet in real clothes. Dottie wanna say bye-bye to Dottie’s trademark —the couple of yards of figurel cloth that made Lamour toujours Lamour. Dottie happy now because, in “Dance With the Devil,” she’s a dance-hall gal. She wears suits, coats, sweaters, skirts, even a glam our-gown or two. She wears hats. Dancing with the devil—or with Tyrone Po weiv-she’s dancing in real, everyday clothes. Turn your gaze on George Raft, who was always crying about the muggs he had to play. He hit the lens as a mugg, and muggs made Raft. So he leaves one studio to quit playing muggs, and goes to another and clicks double as a mugg. * * * Listen to Alice Faye. Faye’s the top song-plugger, but Faye wants drammy. She drammied in "Holly wood’s Cavalcade,” which was to the good. But Faye fans fought for fa-so-la-so-do. So furiously they called her back, after “Little Old New York” was canned, to add a tune. Watch ZaSu Pitts’ hands weav ing through her plaint. “Drunk scenes—I draw one in every pic ture. I don’t know why. My daugh ter watched me do one and she left very quietly, hating it. So do I I don't drink, and I don’t like to see women drunk . . . Why must T play drunk scenes?” Give her the answer, all together now: “Because ZaSu, your ‘drunks are convulsion creators ...” Say “Beautiful Bob to Taylor and he groans-if he quick puncn. But all that kidding about “beauty” got Taylor more publicity notice than a dozen flickers like “Lady of the Tropics” —and did him less harm. Did him good, in fact, because he learned to take it grinning. • * * If you want to get Richard Greene's goat, all you need to do is discuss dimples. The dimples, on the Greene pan, are as much a trade mark as Chaplin’s mustache, Hitler’s ditto, or Stalin’s paunch. But Greene sees red when he sees dimples. Anybody got a good dim ple-eradicator? And Ann Sheridan—and Oomph. Where would Annie be without that Oomph build-up? Where, for that matter, is Annie with it? Here’s where: she’s in a Louis Bromfield yarn called “And It All Came True,” and it’s that chance she’s been needing to show what Oomph could do in the way of acting. Oomph, as far as Annie will allow, has put her on the spot. And she has something there — something she’s like to forget. Annie’s is one of the legitimate squawks. Another was Peter Lor re’s. Peter was a comedian abroad until he made a horror picture call ed "M.” He hit Hollywood as a bogepman and the fright wig stuck. So he squawked himself into com edy again—in “I Was an Adven turers,” with Zorina and Von Stro heim. Bob Montgomery had one, too. Bob wanted “out” of play-boy stuff into acting parts: “Night Must Pall” and “Earl of Chicago.” And Sonja Henie does her squawking to "stay in” her special ty—which is skating. Her last film had only one skate sequence. Son ’ » for rnor* “Oh Johnny, Oh Johnny, O-Oh!” I “''iM-rMiMte''"" 1 1 r xo*hws What It Means: Britain’s Anti-U. S. Moves BY MORGAN M. BEATTY AP Feature Service Writer WASHINGTON, Jan. 28.—When you read that British embargoes are shutting off one-third of our to bacco export market and are hitting our cotton, wheat, ai-J fruit grow ers, you’re just getting new exam ples of the fact that war is hell even on people who aren’t in it The moves that hit American farmers where it hurts are part of an economic triple play devised by Brir-'sh economists to win the war within a year. If American econo mists are right in their deductions, the play works like this: 1. Naval blockade against Germany. 2. Purchase of strategic ma terials in the world markets o keep them from slipping through to Germany, supplemented by the usual rationing of the ring of neutrals surrounding Ger many. 3. Trade favors for the ring of neutrals to keep down violent protests against the strangula tion of trade, and to win them over, eventually, as Franco British allies. American unofficial observers be lieve British economists have sold the British government the eco nomic triple play on the ground that (1) the generals can offer no practical plan now to break the stalemate on the western front, and (2) the World war was won t'-.rough economic strangulation of Germany after four years of trial and error. Again ir me American observers are right, the British and French governments have decided to apply the new economic triple play drasti cally, and they must expect it to produce victory within a year, be cause it costs like all get out. Smoke Gets In Our Eyes At any rate, there must be fire where there’s so much smoke. T'ere are a few samples of the smoke; The American government is charging discrimination in the Medi terranean against American vessels, and favoring Italian vessels. The Italians are potential British allies. The United States is protesting the opening of American mad by British censors. That brings to mind Secretary Lansing's impres sion in the World war that British censors were opening American mail with the idea of passing on to British and allied traders informa tion about potential markets for their products. American shiploads of goods meanwhile were held for examination in British ports. And perhaps the best illustration of the new British policy is the pur chase of the Australian and Ivew Zealand wool crops, and the price guarantee to South African wool growers. By those strokes the British gov ernment not only guaranteed that strategic wool would not reach Ger many, but also avoided widespread discontent among the wool growers in far-flung units of the empire. There's economic drama behind the South African price guarantee, too. On last August 31, the German government contracted with South African wool growers for 20,000,000 pounds of South African wool. Three days later war was declared. The South Africans debated whether to declare war. The British govern ment guaranteed a wool price about two cents above the world market figure. The South Africans declared war. Maybe the price guarantee helped, maybe not. Buying Up German Morale? The .tobacco purchases from Tur key and the Balkans are also part and parcel of the economic double Play. Last year the British ex tended millions of pounds of credit to flip Turks, and got their signa ture on the dotted line as an ait Tobacco is essential to German rale, and the Turkish leaf is accessible. So Britain killed W birds with one stone, bhe doub» up the tobacco to keep if out ■ German hands, and she may ha'; avoided additional outlays of moK by charging it up against the Tuw ish government’s credits. The triple play also affords *■ explanation for the failure of it American trade graph 10 write self upward off the trade chart. . It is true that in December thP was an increase in American ® ports to foreign countries. e s close to $-100,000,000 worth of 6»-‘ abroad. But the increase was accouJ* for by the allied purchase of phrt trucks, motors, machinery, macks” tools, petroleum and lubrican s ' all war stocks, and none of being used in large quantities. ■ Meanwhile, the ailies are th-o'B ing the normal trade expanse n ■ to war to other nations clos'd ’B home. That will tend in t*me^‘B build up trade lanes in 1°- '■ times between other nats-ns. a'-^B expense of American ant:-; Ins B manufacturers. | The new British idea G’1''11 ^’‘.B of World war experience 1 that war economic blockade • B the start, purely supplements1 B military warfare. K The primary energy of the B^B ish empire was devoted to he =■•» and painful military push on '■ western front. As a conseQCf"^B German U-boat warfare came in an ace of defeating the ecoc.® ■ end of the British war 1 :"!t, s"B German shippers found ways af-^B the ali’ii- blockade. Thus they S“'B plied their people with ’ ,r,!l their - soldiers with nr-1 r-l! * three long years. B Tins time, the British - ler I leadersliip of sne-h liberni- ‘ ,B ston Churchill, are fa'-i! 11 V ^,1 naval blockade supplomem the other screws of the ' a triple play. i QUIET , ,,1-B BERLIN. Jan. JS.—(-T1-1 ’' ( man high command comnma-’j ' I day sairl: “N’o special 1 j This graph shows the U. S. export situation. Notice that our fradt with, other nations was better in 1937 than it was in wartime 1939 despite a December, 1939, spurt. Explanation: France and England are confining their purchases, outside of armaments, to l lie nation that usually supply Germany. That keeps raw materials away from Germany.