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The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, January 30, 1940, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library, Chapel Hill, NC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1940-01-30/ed-1/seq-1/

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Dedicated To The Progress Of Served by Leased Wire of the
WILMINGTON ASSOCIATED PRESS
And Southeastern North Wiih Complete Coverage of
aro ina < State and National News
—___WILMINGTON, N. C., TUESDAY, JANUARY 30, 1940 + ESTABLISHED 1867
NAZI AIRMEN ATTACK 13 BRITISH, LATVIAN SHIPS
X- X- X" A A A A A 1 . . . ... __. - —
GERMANS MAKE BROAD
RAIDS ON EAST COAST
IN FREEZING WE A THER
BRITISH OFFER FIGHTS
Royal Air Force Fighter!
Able To Protect Vital
Shipping Lanes
WARNINGS SOUNDER
Attack Seen As Start 0(
New German Threat Tc
Sever Sea Lifelines
By EDWIN STOUT
LONDON, Jan. 29.—<5*1—German
warplanes ranged wide across the
North Sea today to pepper bombs
and bullets against at least 13
British and one Latvian merchant
vessels scattered for 400 miles up
and down the east coast of the
British Isles.
British sources suggested to
night that the Nazis had gambled
with bitter weather in the hope
that fighter planes would be
grounded and unable to cope with
an aerial attack in force.
Although British railways and
road transportation was tied up
by the weather into the worst
snarl in history, royal air force
fighters were able to rise from
their airdromes in sufficient num
bers to protect vital shipping lanes.
Warnings Sounded
While some German bombers
struck at shipping others recon
noifered over land. On the north
east coast air raid warnings were
sounded as far as 40 miles inland.
Thousands of persons crowded into
shelters, schools were vacated and
factories and shipbuilding yards
were deserted.
The British said the German
bombers, most of them Heinkel
111K models, were able to elude
fast British fighters because ot
great masses of low clouds.
(The Germans announced in Ber
lin that seven “enemy convoyed
armed merchant ships and two pa
trol boats’’ had been destroyed dur
ing reconnaissance flights over the
North Sea, that one enemy pursuit
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 4)
HUNGARIAN PRESS
ASSAILS RUMANIA
Rumania Reported Trem
bling Over Possibility Of
Being Dismembered
BUDAPEST, Jan. 29— (7P) —The
Hungarian press bitterly attacked
Rumania today as southeastern Eu
rope waited tor tomorrow’s declara*
tion of Hungary’s foreign minister,
Count Istvan Csaky, on his nation’s
attitude toward Rumania.
Dropping their self-imposed re
straint of recent months, some com.
mentators in Hungarian papers said
Rumania was trembling over tha
possibility of being dismembered.
Hungary has made repeated de
mands for Transylvania, a district
which went to Rumania upon tha
collapse of the Austro-Hungarian
(Continued oil Page Three; Col 2)
Does Your Spare
Room Collect CASH
... or DUST?
That cheerful, sunny room
wants to earn its way. Let it
give some happy young
couple -a pleasant home for
the winter . . . and it will
give you countless small
luxuries and a steady in
come.
There are many families
seeking desirable homes in
Wilmington, and to contact
these home seekers in the
(Quickest, most economical
manner call 2800 and ask
for one of the courteous,
trained members of the Star
and News Classified staff
. . . An ad today will mean
cash in your pocket tomor
row.
Charge Your Ad
If You Like
-T-----—
" * * * ^ 55 X IT XXX XXX
Red Planes Southern Finland1
*8*1 - * _x-_<_
Scores Killed
And Wounded
During Raids
Planes Rain More Than 1,
000 Bombs On Cities In
Southern Section
LAND FIGHTING RAGES
Finns Cheer News Of Fresh
Successes On Front North
Of Lake Ladoga
HELSINKI, Jan. 29— UP) —Rus
sian warplanes, winging their way
out of the southeast in waves, rain
ed more than 1,000 bombs on south
ern Finnish cities today and first
reports indicated that scores of civil
ians had been killed and wounded.
The raids, the worst of the war in
some sections, came as Finns cheer
ed news of fresh successes on the
front north of Lake Ladoga, where
the Russians were officially report
ed to have left more than 1,200 dead
on two snowy battlefields.
Hanko, Turku, Provoo and Tam
pere were among the cities which
felt the power of the Russian air
armadas.
Fifty Killed
(Reuters, British news agency,
said more than 50 persons were kill
ed and 200 injured at Hanko, south
coast naval base.)
At Turku, residents crouched in
shelters fo three hours as 50 Rus
sian bombers, swooping down out of
the clouds with their engines cut,
gave the city its worst bombing in
53 raids during eight weeks of war.
Thirty civilians were killed at
Turku, and ten buildings were de
molished. The fleets of warplanes
left clouds of smoke in their wake
from the fires that sprang up from
incendiary bombs.
The Russian planes flew over the
city in five waves, loosing their car
goes of death on each trip.
Twenty-three persons, four of
them women, were killed when a
squadron of Soviet warbirds drop
ped through low clouds and blasted
a field hospital in a tiny village be
hind the Karelian Isthmus front.
Wounded Soldiers Killed
Seventeen of those killed were
wounded soldiers and the remainder
(Continued on Page Three; Col 2)
AL1 ES BOOSTING
NEAR EAST ARMY
Intend To Have Enough
Soldiers In Section To
Meet ‘Any Eventuality’
PARIS, Jan. 29.—(JO—1Confirma
tion that France and Britain are
preparing a powerful army in the
Near East to cope with any Ger
man thrust southeast into the
Balkans was given tonight in a
semi-official statement.
Referring to Russian "guesses”
that 400,000 men were concentrated
in Syria under command of Gen
eral Maxime Weygand, the state
ment said these were "manifestly
exaggerations.”
Other figures were not given by
the statement, however, but it
said "the Aliies will have in the
Near East at the necessary moment
sufficient men to face any eventu
ality.”
Flint Ends 116-Day Oddysey j
Captain Joseph A. Gainard, master of the adventure-haunted
freighter City of Flint, and his wife smile their joy at being reunited
when the ship finally docked in Baltimore, Md.
Three of the City of Flint’s crew kneel at the ship's rail in prayer
of thanksgiving nil their safe arrival in the good old U. S. A. after
llfi days of wandering in the war zone.
Cooper’s Leave To Affect
Governmental Setup Here
--- +
FISHER TO BE MAYOR
Will Handle Own Job, Act
As Mayor And Direct
Public Safety
The governmental setup in Wil
mington's city hall will be changed
somewhat when Mayor Thomas E.
Cooper takes a leave of absence
without pay to conduct his campaign
m the gubernatorial race. Among
ether changes. Louis T. Fisher, com
missioner of finance, will become
mayor pro tem and will assume all
duties of the mayor’s office.
Mayor Cooper lias not yet an
nounced when he will leave, but it
is assumed he will leave during the
m°nths of April and May. The
uernocratie primary is in June.
Fisher’s Duties
As mayor pro tem, Commissioner
s's er 'v'll handle his own duties
as co®tnissioner of finance, will act
of Ty°r’ wi'l handles the duties
tT “e commissioner of public safe
which is Cooper’s regular
capacity.
In. L. ,'Jrlp pommi«c'pnpf nt
ii" v 111 ne in marge
Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
^WEATHER
X'Otth T'°KECA8T
ilighUv ar,jlma: Mostly cloudy,
,r snow ‘lnner Tuesday, light rain
ions• wu'."r no‘dh and central por
’ ruuesday partly cloudy.
Win.!'-™,*,08'1-'01 data for the 24 hours
b '|J P- ni. yesterday).
1-3(1 „ Temperature
n. 44 - 726; 7:30 a. m. 24; 1:30 p.
“ioiinun, 01 p' In- 28; maximum 44;
11 -1; mean 33; normal 47.
1-3(1 . Humidity
I- 29- 7.S,- 09: 7din a. m. 67; 1:30 p.
• 1 p. rn. 50.
Total f„r o/,uecipitation
one; total ■ hours ending 7:30 p. m„
-le inches Sm<'e first ot the month.
Tides For Today
''’■Imington High Low
- 2:03a 9.16a
— AfZ VZ
j -^on^:5?a4°P; W°°-“
t^ntihued «„ page xhree; Co, 6)
i
Planes Drop Food To
Lillian Ann's Crew
NORFOLK, Va„ Jan. 29.—(/P)
Two navy planes from Norfolk
dropped food today to nine crew
members aboard the 330-ton
freighter Lillian Ann, grounded
and held fast by ice off Hol
land Island in upper Chesa
peake Bay.
The planes reported that the
vessel, which went aground in
a gale at 6:15 p. m., last Wed
nesday, was apparently in no
danger of breaking up. A mes
sage intercepted by the naval
operating base here shortly
after midnight last night indi
cated the LilligSu Ann was
“cracking up”famed'>e ice jam.
Supplie^,are[j certaj i ,e
P,a.ne?aie total toll fXred»v
ficient * itner day.
_a_rp-”ievv of air ?.—
JAP SHIT
BY FUifr STAGE
-^een born.
Nation’s Indus^ors leart Is
Virtually Stop?!^, As
Power Supply HarAed
TOKYO, Jan. 30.—(Tuesday)—OP)
Japan's industrial heart virtually
stopped beating today when a criti
cal fuel shortage forced the gov
ernment to suspend the electric
power supply in 14 prefectures em
bracing Osaka, Kobe and Kyoto.
The power was shut off at 9 a.
m. (7 p. m. EST) and the suspen
sion likely will continue 14 hours
and possibly to Wednesday.
Coal and water are the mapor
factors of the production of elec
tricity in Japan and coal long has
been extremely scarce owing to war
congested railway and shipping
lines.
In addition, unusual drought for
the last three months crippled
hydro-electric production.
The suspension did not apply to
railways, telegraph or telephone sys
tems nor to factories engaged in
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 8) J
Announces
PAUL D. GRADY
WARMER WEATHER
PREDICTED TODAY
Minimum Temperature Of
29 To 30 Degrees Fore
cast For Early Today
Wilmingtonians were promised
sofne respite from the icy blasts of
the past several days in the weath
er man’s prediction last night. He
said the lowest temperature this
morning will be between 29 and 30
degrees — the most temperate pre
diction in the past week.
Today will be partly cloudy with
light winds blowing from the south
vrest, but no rain is in sight. And
in addition, further rises in temper
ature are forecast for today. All in
all, it looks good—for a few days,
at least.
A generally steady rise in tem
peratures all over the nation has
been in evidence for about two days
—eastwardly from the Rocky Moun
tains in particular, weather men
said.
A low of 13 degrees was recorded
yesterday morning in the Brook
wood section of the city as the
city’s third cold wave of the winter
tlltCIVU ILO 0>_ V V-11LU ua.' .
The temperature dropped to 21 de
grees in the city yesterday morn
ing, but it rose steadily as the sun
appeared during the day and the
haze hanging in the streets at
dawn disappeared in its rays
RELAXES GRIP
CHARLOTTE, Jan. 29. _ t3’> —
Winter’s long and tenacious grip
on North Carolina relaxed slightly
today and the weather man said
it would be warmer tomorrow, but
even at that the mercury stayed
mostly below freezing and the
state remained under a heavy,
week-old snow.
The cold wave seemed to move
eastward, for while the mountain
country, where it is ordinarily cold
er, returned to something nearer
normalcy, new cold records were
registered in parts of the Piedmont.
At some places in the Piedmont,
however, it was a few degrees
warmer than the day before.
Sample Lows
Some sample low temperatures:
Salisbury —7, Greensboro —5, Dur
ham -—4, Burlington 0, Raleigh 11,
Mt. Mitchell 11, Charlotte 4, Ashe
ville 3, Cape Hatteras 22, Elizabeth
City 7, Hickory 6, Wilmington 21,
Winston-Salem —C, Canton —8,
Brevard —9, Concord 2, States
ville 4.
At most places, however, the mer
cury rose appreciably during the
day. At Charlotte, for instance, it
got to 34, going above freezing for
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 4)
Paul D. Grady'
Enters Race;
For Governor
Advocates State-Wide Vote
On Liquor And Repeal
Of Sales Tax 1
IS SIXTH MAN IN RACE
Reorganization Of Many
State Departments Pro
posed By Kenly Man
RALEIGH, Jan. 29.—(iP)—Paul D.
Grady of Kenly, advocating a state
wide referendum on liquor and re
peal of the three per cent sales tax,
today announced his candidacy for
governor of North Carolina.
Grady was the sixth democrat to
enter the race, topping the previous
record number by two. At least one
other person—Willis Smith of Ra
leigh—is expected to seek the nomi
nation, which is tantamount to elec
Other Candidates
Other candidates are Thomas E.
Cooper of Wilmington, who an
nounced yesterday, and J. M. Brough
ton of Raleigh, L. Lee Gravely of
Rocky Mount, W. P. Horton of
Pittsboro and A. J. Maxwell of Ra
leigh.
Grady’s stand on liquor was simi
lar to that of dry leaders, expressed
in the last two sessions of the gen
eral assembly. The prohibitionists,
opponents of the present county op
tion system, have asserted that a
state-wide referendum w-ould result
in an overwhelming majority against
liquor.
If elected governor, Grady said, he
would recommend the referendum at
the "earliest possible date.”
“Should the people decide in favor
of liquor control, I pledge myself. . .
to see that proper and real control
is carried out,” Grady said. "Should
the people declare against liquor, I
pledge myself to use every ounce of
my energy and the prestige and force
of the office of governor to see that
the will of the people is obeyed.”
Opposite Cooper
His liquor plank was the exact op
posite of that advanced yesterday by
Cooper, who said he was in favor
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 1)
CHANGE IN NAVAL
PROGRAM PLANNED
House Committee To Cut
Plan Down To Two Years
And $750,000,000
WASHINGTON, Jan. 29. — <A>> —
In the belief that world conditions
may change swiftly, the house
naval committee will cut the navy’s
$1,300,000,000, six-year expansion
program down to a two-year plan
totalling less than $750,000,000.
This was disclosed today after a
meeting of the committee. Influ
ential members said that while no
final decision was taken, pending
testimony by Secretary of the Navy
Edison tomorrow, there was no
doubt the modification would be
made.
Chairman Vinson (D-Ga) explain
ed that the program would be lim
ited to such ships as can be built
within the coming two years. If
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 3)
Nazis Claim Nine Ships
Destroyed During Raids
BERLIN, Jail. 29.—(ff)—Seven
“enemy convoyed armed mer
chant ships and two patrol
'oats” were destroyed in the
course of reconnaissance flights
over the North Sea today, DNB,
official German News Agency,
said tonight.
The agency said one enemy
pursuit plane was shot down
near Hartlepool and all Ger
man planes returned safely to
their home base.
The DNB report said all the
attacks were carried out de
spite the “heaviest” anti-air
craft fire and defense by pur
suit planes.
WAR HITS CELEBRATION
BERLIN, Jan. 29.—</P>—War
will deflate the celebration of
one of Nazidom’s most sacred
days tomorrow—the seventh an
niversary of the day when the
venerable President Paul Von
Hindenberg asked Adolf Hitler
to take over the reins of gov
ernment.
' Hitherto January 30 has been
designated officially as the “day
of national resurgence.”
Tomorrow, it will be just an
other work day. Production ra.ti
er than celebration is the
watchword in Germany today.
In other years every house,
factory, and public buil'lin,
whether federal of municipal,
has displayed the swastika em
blem, Nazi Germany’s national
flag. This year the public has
been asked by the radio and the
press not to display flags.
In other years some 800 Nazis
customarily convene as the na
tion’s parliament in the flower
adorned, brightly bannered
Kroll opera house. There they
listened to one of Hitler’s great
est oratorical efforts of the
year, when in a speech usually
lasting several hours, he gave
an account of his stewardship
as fuehrer and reported on the
state of the nation.
(Continued on Page Three, Col. 3)
New YorkTaxOnForeign
Goods Is Declared Valid
COURT GIVES RULING
Also Holds Courts Cannot
Supervise Administrative
Operations Of F. C. C.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 29. — (iP> —
Over the vehement objections of
Supreme Court Chief Justice
Hughes, the supreme court decided
today that New York city can apply
its 2 per cent sales tax to goods
from outside the' state without vio
lating the commerce clause of the
federal constitution.
The 5 to 3 opinion was considered
of national import because of the
agitation for and against sales taxes
in recent years. While the majority
held that the tax did not infringe
upon the federal government’s con
stitutional control over interstate
commerce, Hughes,"writing the dis
sent. declared that it burdened such
commerce and was a blow to the
“free national market” which is
“vital” to the national econrany.
Rules on FCC
In another case the tribunal de
cided that the courts cannot super
vise the administrative operations
of the Federal Communications com
mission. This was a unanimous de
cision with the notation that “Mr.
Justice McReynolds concurs in ne
result.”
"Courts are not charged with gen
eral guardianship against all poten
tial mischief in the complicated
casks of government,” said the
opinion, by Justice Frankfurter.
“Congress which creates and sus
tains these agencies must be trust
ed to correct whatever defects ex
perience may reveal. Interference
by the courts is not conducive to
the development of habits of re
sponsibility in administrative agen
cies.”
The New York tax, a two per
cent levy for unemployment relief,
was upheld in three cases but the
controlling opinions were written in
one involving the Berwind-White
Coal Mining company, a Pennsyl
vania corporation which mines coal
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
Doctors Say Unity’s
General Health Good
LONDON, Jan. 29—(/P)—In a
statement described as their
“last word,” doctors for Unity
Freeman-Mitford said today her
general health was good and
that no operation was advisable
or necessary. They made no
mention of a bullet in reporting
her wound.
The British friend of Adolf
Hitler and daughter of Lord
Redesdale, said her doctors’
statement, is in “general good
health and the wound from
which she suffered in Germany
and for which she was skillfully
treated in Germany is healed in
a normal and satisfactory man
ner.”
Saturday Miss Freeman-Mit
ford was reported to be in Rad
cliffe infirmary at Oxford with
two bullet wounds in her head,
one of which had injured her
brain.
NORRIS INDICTED
FOR TWIN SLAYING
Grand Jury Returns True
Bill Against Columbus
Man, Case Scheduled
WHITEVILLE, Jan. 29. — The
Columbus county grand jury this
afternoon returned a true bill
against Gaston Norris, charging
him with the double murder of
Benjamin Franklin McPherson and
Garland Burroughs at the latter’s
filling station in December.
Solicitor David Sinclair announced
that he will ask the death penalty
and set the case to be heard Tues
day of next week.
Judge Paul Frizzelle ordered a
special venire of 100 talesmen sum
moned from which to select a jury
for the trial. He also appointed
E. K. Proctor and Junius K. Pow
ell, of Whiteville, as defense at
torneys. Nearly 100 witnesses have
been summoned for the trial.
Norris has been held in j%jl with
out bond since the afternoon he
drove up to Burroughs’ filling sta
tion on the Tabor City highway in
the Beaver Dam section, and fired
two blasts, killing McPherson and
Burroughs.
Officers who investigated the case
said that Norris admitted the slay
ing of McPherson, but said 'the
killing of Burroughs was acci
dental. Norris’ wife was in Mc
Pherson’s car at the time and of
ficers said that the motive appar
ently was "jealousy.”
A number of minor cases were
heard this afternoon.
Daly Singletary pleaded guilty to
a charge of storebreaking in Chad
bourn and was sentenced to four
months in state’s prison. Bill Hem
ingway was sentenced to 12 months
on the state highways after he had
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 7)
Jf
DALADIER SEES EARLY BREAK IN WAR
AND WARNS NATION OF HARD KNOCKS)
By JOHN MARTIN
PARIS, Jan. 29.—WP>—It is
“criminal” to underestimate
Germany’s formidable military
might, Premier Daladier told
the French nation in a broad
cast tonight and warned that
the country must expect hard
knocks in “the total war which
cannot be long in breaking.”
He pleaded for increased arm
ament output by French indus
try, asked steady discipline on
the home front and promised
merciless action against agents
disseminating German or Rus
sian propaganda.
Before he spoke a semi-official
statement confirmed that the
Allies had assembled an ade
quate army in the Near East
4^
against the possibility of war
spreaking In the Balkans.
This statement did not give
figures but said the British and
French ‘'will have in the Near
East at the necessary moment
sufficient men to face any
eventuality.” It labeled as
“manifestly exaggerations” Rus
sian guesses that 400,000 men
were massed in Syria under
General Maxime Weygand, the
French generalissimo of Al
lied forces in the Near East.
The night Aliled communique
said aviation and artillery
“showed some activity” on the
western front. Earlier, rifle
fire was reported afc “quiet
heavy” between the Maginot
and Siegfried lines in the Rhine
region where German patrol
action increased.
“It would be vain and even
criminal to underestimate Ger
many’s material power,” Da
Iadicr said ", . . we will win,
hut we must carry off also a
victory far exceeding an armed
victory.”
German propagandists, he as
serted, hope to split France and
Great Britain. He called atten
tion to the plight of Austria,
Poland and Czecho-Slavakia,
which he called ‘lands of des
pair” whose people were being
destroyed by Germany through
“massacre and migration.”
The semi-official statement
on the Near East army said
that army was to fulfill the
j
Allies’ obligations to Turkey,
Greece and Rumania and their
“duty of friendship” to Yugo
slavia.
Prior to the war the Allies
pledged aid to the first three in
event of aggression. No public
commitment has been given in
regard to Yugoslavia.
Particular importance was at
tached to the statement in view
of the general apprehension
here over the possibility of the
war spreading to Southeastern
Europe.
It had been known generally
that France was building up her
forces in Syria, although of
ficial information has not been
available,
t

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