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WILMINGTON ASSOCIATED PBESS And Southeastern North With Complete Coverage of ^ar0 ina * State and National News yOL^S—NO. m___WILMINGTON, N. C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1940__ ++ ESTABLISHED 1867 VALUE OF 1939 WEED CROP SET AT $270,000,000 - A - A A A . A A i i i > • • x — n ■ ■ ■ ■ ■■ - ■ U. S. REPORTS TOTAL EQUALS 1928 RETURNS + - iSTIMATES RELEASED !rop Amounts To 1,770, 000,000 Pounds, Will Bring $15.30 Average RECORD ESTABLISHED Tue-Cured Type, 42 Pet Cent Larger Than In ’38, Hit By Price Slump WASHINGTON, Jan. 31.—(^P>—• 'he bureau of agriculture economic* stimated today the 1939 record to bacco crop, totaling 1,770,000,000 iounds, would bring growers an av. rage of about 15.3 cents a pound off . total of $270,000,000. The 1938 crop of 1,376,000,000 iounds brought an average price of 9.7 cents or a total of $270,000,000, he bureau said. The flue-cured crop, 12 per cent larger than that of .938 and the largest on record, jrought an average price of If.4 ents up to January 1, a marked de fine from the 1938 season average if 22.2 cents. Burley Prices The bureau said that not all of ;he burley crop had been sold, but that preliminary reports indicated rn average season price of 17.5 :ents. It was 19 cents in 1938. The burley crop was only 6.6 per cent larger than that of 1938. The bureau said that since exports of burley represented a much smaller proportion of total disappearance than for flue-cured, the decline in exports since outbreak of the Euro* pean war had had less effect on prices of this type. rrices or aarK rooaccos ana cigar types as a whole had been slightly higher o far this season than a year earlier, the bureau aid. Sup* plies of fire-cured, dark air-cured and cigar types were said to be more nearly in line with market needs than in other recent years. British restrictions on the use of dollar extrkange, an later an em* bargo, effective the first of the year, against imports of American to bacco had resulted, the bureau said, in the complete stoppage of tobacco exports from this country to the United Kingdom. Funds Advanced To avoid disruption of American markets because of the British ac tion, especially with respect to flue (Continued on Page Five; Col. 1)| TRADE CONFIDENCE REQUESTED BY AFL Executive Council Says Lack Of Faith Has Stunt* ed Industrial Growth MIAMI, Fla., Jan. 31.—(A*)—De claring that lack of faith has stunt ed industrial expansion, the execu tive council of the American Fed eration of Labor today called upon President Roosevelt and congress to “take whatever steps are neces sary to restore business confi dence.” The council, in demanding an im mediate “go” signal for Industrial growth, urged that “all government actions that tend unnecessarily to (Continued on Page Five; Col. 2>; Today’s Cash-Raising Rhyme Get more cash the easy way Rent a room and make it pay, Call the Star-yews and juti say, Put my Want J.6 in today. 1 Houses, apartments and room* are in demand. What have you to offer in a desirable vacancy? Every day you keep your va cancy you are taking mon«f out of your pocket. Call 2800 To Start Your Want Ad Charge It VC 'K VC VC VC VC VC 'K Russian Divisions _ \ Repulse Red Drives Along Kitela Front Capture Of Pitkaranta En ables Defenders To Sur round Trapped Forces SOVIETS NEED FOOD Finnish Anti-Aircraft And Planes Shoot Down Five Invading Craft By WADE WERNER HELSINKI, Jan. 31.—<£*>—Finnish troops tonight completed the en circlement . of trapped Russian divi sions in the Kitela sector northeast of Lake Ladoga by capturnig the strategic town of Pitkaranta, front observers reported, and threw back Red army attacks "everywhere" along the same front. Only their numerically inferior forces are keeping the Finns from polishing off the trapped Russians, said the account of the capture of Pitkaranta, which is about 20 miles from the Russian border and one of the Soviet's early objectives in the war. Calls for Aid (But in Baris today Finland's min ister Dr. Harri Holma warned that th& Finnish army “is condemned to death” unless it receives sufficient help quickly.) The nightly Finnish communique said that Red army attacks north east of Lake Ladoga had been thrown back with the loss of nine tanks. Observers, expanding this official bulletin, said the Finns were wait ing for the trapped Russians to run out of ammunition before trying to administer a coup de grace. The Soviet soldiers were reported to have been without food for more than a week. New Russian attacks on the Kare lian isthmus were repulsed, the Fin nish high command said, with a loss (Continued on Page Five; Col. 5) FINNISH WAR BOND PLAN SUPPORTED Knox Talks With F. R., Says Proposal To Sell Is sues May Be Developed WASHINGTON, Jan. 31— (IP) — A plan under which Finland would float war bonds in this country, much as the Irish fight for freedom was financed 20 years ago, gained bi-partisan support today. After a talk with President Roose velt, Col. Frank Knox, publisher oi the Chicago Daily News, said thai he ‘‘wouldn’t be at all surprised” if a plan were "worked out for the sale of Finnish bonds. Senator Harrison (D-Miss) had suggested yesterday that Finland sell securities to private investors and sympathizers. He opposed pro posals for a government loan to Fin land. The money thus borrowed presum ably could be used by the Finns tc buy military supplies, whereas a (Continued on Page Five; Col. 6) Jack Frost Has Firm Grip jg jgjy| " HecS* The inland waterway freighter, Lillian Ann, under charter by the North Carolina Lines, is one of the casualties of the unprecedented nation-wide cold wave. This air view shows her being held fast by the ire in Chesapeake Bay, near Tangier Island, Va. E. S. Capps, of the North Carolina Line, said here last night that the latest report re reived is that the ice, although still holding the ship fast, is break ing. Two tugs are standing by and are expected to make' an attempt to pull the vessel out of the ice floes today. The crew stuck fast with the ship, which was en route to Wilmington, so Navy planes dropped food lor them. Construction Of Seaplane Base Authorized By NYA _ M PLANS ARE APPROVED Station, Which Will Cost About $950, Will Be Located At Shipyards James E. L. Wade, city commis sioner of public works, said yes terday that the National Youth administration has approved plans for the construction of a seaplane landing float in the Wilmington harbor and has authorized the be ginning of the project immediate ly. The construction ol a seaplane base here will result in national recognition for Wilmington by the Civil Aeronautics Authority and in clusion on the accredited list of ap proved projects of the U- S. de partment of commerce, Commis sioner Wade said. Will Cost $950 The project will cost about $950, Including $750 from the National Touth Administration and $200 furnished by the city commis sioners. R. Hugh Evans, of Kinston, dis trict supervisor for the NYA in North Carolina, yesterday, inform ed Commissioner Wade by letter of *he approval of project plans and ‘he starting of work immediately. The Seanlnnp lan/Uno- fl«a + frt hp erected by and under the super vision of the NYA, will be located lt the old Libery shipyards, city ®"ned property, at the west end of Greenfield street. Similar projects have been un dertaken all over the United States.’ commissioner Wade said, ‘‘wher e'er water has been available, and many instances these projects ete already in use. Considerable favorable publicity as already been given to the com IContinued on Page Five; Col. 4) [weather Y„.t, „ FORECAST in-arme, Tv,r°h!la: Partly cloudy and ploudv »Tth,ursday: Friday mostly In rain or snow and colder orth a«d west portions. a for the 24 hours g ‘:30 P- m. yesterday). 1.% Temperature |n, 4,.a.m- 7:30 a. m. 27; 1:30 p. mininiuni p' m’ ,f1; maximum 46; um 2*>; mean 36; normal 47. I.,,, Humidity to. 89: 7;30 a. m. 81; 1:30 p. l;30 p. m. 38. Total t „ Precipitation «ne- ,,,, 24. hours ending 7:30 p. m., 1.0 inches SlnCe first of the month. Tides For Today 77ilmin'>trm H‘gh Low on - 3:55a lIT13a Ihsonborn Tni . 4:15p ll:36p moro inlet - 1:50a 8:08a Sunrise 7 w 2:10p 8:26> Hse l ■■>?., 7,99a 1 sunset 5:42p; moon •“a- moonset 12:15p. •* Itoutmued ou Page jfjve; CoL 4) Emory Named Officer Of Housing Council RALEIGH, Jan. 31.—(/P)—T. S. Johnson, secretary of the state planning commission and member of the Raleigh Hous ing Authority, was elected to day as first president of ' the North Carolina Council of Housing Authorities. The recently-formed council held an organization meeting here. Other officers named were: First vice president, the Rev. Jack Rountree of Kinston; sec ond vice-president, Capus M. Waynick, of High Point; third vice-president, Edwin L. Jones, of Charlotte; and secretary treasurer, H. R. Emory, of Wilmington. AMMONS, LEGGETT GIVEN LONG TERMS Each Given 10 To 12 Years For Secret Assault Up on Columbus Negro WHITEVILLE, Jan. 31.—Jack Ammons and Robert Leggett, white men of Boardman, were convicted in Columbus county superior court here today of secret assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill on Cledge Williams, negro, and were sentenced by Judge J. Paul Frizzelle, of Snow Hill, to from 10 to 12 years in state’s prison. The case was unusual in more than one instance chief of them be ing that all the witneses for the state were negroes and all the wit nesses for the defense were white men. The two white men were chargee with having shot Williams with a rifle—motive for their action nevei being clearly brought out in the case. Jack Greer, Jr., as private prose cutor, led the prosecution, assisted by District Solicitor David Sinclair Following a lengthy charge to the jury, which returned its verdict late this afternoon, Judge Frizelle, aftei sentencing the two men, compli mented the jury on its verdict anc its ability to override any possibilitj of “racial prejudice.” Only two other cases were hearc today. D. J. Fowler, of Tabor City pleaded guilty to a charge of secret assault on C. M. Cox and was sen tenced to three years on the state highways. Elwood Martin, of Wan chese, pleaded guilty to a charge ol bastardy and was ordered to paj $475 to the mother of the child and to support the child. . ■' ' —-I ■ " 1 ■ II I l»—■■■■■! ■ T1 Boy Meets Girl—Unfortunately ---| Joseph Mascarella, 23, is a lad who holds good advice too cheaply, according to New York police. For, they say, he is one of two youths who called housemaid Lucille Roberts, 17, a fool when she earnestly advised them to go straight instead of burglarizing her employers’ Brooklyn home. They tied her up, stole $1,000 in jewels and furs. Mas carella is pictured grinning at the maid as she identifies him for po lice, who held him for assault and robbery. Condition Of Mrs. Bland Is Termed Satisfactory WOUNDED BY HUSBAND* Accidentally Shot In Stom ach While ABC Chief Was Cleaning Pistol Mrs. Earl S. Bland, wife of the chief of the ABC agents in New Hanover county, who was reported accidentally shot in the stomach by her husband about 1 o’clock yesterday morning, was said to be in a ‘‘seemingly satisfactory” con dition at James Walker Memorial hospital last night. Bland stated yesterday that he accidentally shot his' wife while he was cleaning his gun at .his home, 706 Caldwell avenue. Attending physicians said yester day afternoon the bullet, of .45 cali bre, entered the lower part of the stomach, passed through the pelvis and came out through the hip. The physicians expressed the opinion she has a good chance to recover. Mrs. Bland suffered from shock and loss of blood, physicians said. She was given transfusions yester day morning. Bland said he ' was in the living room of the home cleaning and oiling his pistol. He said he cold his wife it was unloaded but she, for reasons unknown, grabbed the gun and pulled it upward. At this moment it went off. Bland said the gun carries cart ridges in clips of three and appar ently all but one had come out. MOVE TO HOSPITAL HOLLYWOOD, Jan. 31— (ff) Amos and Andy of the radio moved into a hospital today. Andy( Charles Correll) wanted to be near his wife, who is awaiting the birth of a child, so Amos (Freeman Gosden), who works with his partner on their scriptr, moved in, too. Delta Air Lines Favor Newspaper Advertising ATLANTA, Jan. 31. — </P» - Fully 75 per cent of the Delta Air Lines’ advertising funds have been allocated to news papers “for publicizing our service,” Laigh C. Parker, Delta vice president in charge of traffic, told the Atlanta Ad vertising club today. “Through no other medium do we believe we can as ef fectively place our service be fore the actual traveling pub lic.” Parker, who also is first vice president of the Air Traf fic Conference of America, said his company had found also that “a haphazard advertising schedule” frequently proves to be a poor investment, and that consistency and regularity of insertions are “the secret” of any protracted advertising campaign. ROOSEVELT LAUDED AT MINERS’ MEET UMW Delegates Refuse To Endorse President For Third Term, However COLUMBUS, O., Jan. 31.—-UP)— The United Mine Workers con vention shouted praise for PresH dent Roosevelt today but refused to endorse him for a third term. Forty-seven resolutions urging a third-term endorsement were re ferred to the union’s international (Continued on Page Five; Col. 3) Arbitration Of Mexican Oil Row Refused Possibility Of Settlement Through Mediation Ruled Out By Cardenas DISCUSSES SITUATION Asserts Companies Affect ed Have Refused To Take Part In Valuation MEXICO CITY, Jan. 31.—<iP)— President Lazaro Cardenas today ruled out the possibility of interna tional arbitration of Mexico’s ex propriation of the foreign oil in dustry. In a broad interview in which he discussed the oil situation in par ticular and the International situa tion in general Cardenas declared that valuations being placed upon the expropriated properties by Mex ican courts “cannot be changed.” Cardenas said representatives of the 17 British, American and Neth erlands companies affected by his expropriation order of March 18, 1938, had refused “repeated and frequent requests to participate in valuation of the properties.” Disagree on Value The companies nave vaiuea men seized properties as high as $400,; 000,000; the Mexican government says the value is considerably less than that. Asked if the new tanker fleet which Mexico is acquiring would be used to carry oil to warring and neutral European as well as Japan and other Asiatic countries, Car denas said the government had no plans for supplying any particular country. In response to a query whether Mexico had protested the Allied blockade of Germany, he said ‘'this matter is . being studied.” "Concerning reports that Mexico asked opening of the blockade to (Continued on Page Five; Col. 4) FLEET EXPANSION PLANS APPROVED Program, Cut To Half Of What Navy Asked, Passed By House Committee WASHINGTON, Jan. 31.—W—A $655,000,000 fleet expansion program —just half what the navy recom mended- won tentative approval to day of the house naval committee. The group endorsed individual provisions of the curtailed legisla tion but deferred final action until after opposition witnesses are heard next week. In its present form the legisla tion would authorize construction of 21 additional warships at a cost of about $372,000,000, 22 auxiliary ves sels to cost $183,000,000, and 1,011 more airplanes costing $100,000,000. Including replacements already au thorized, the navy will be able to start construction of 82 new fight ing ships in the next two years. The navy had recommended a $1 , 300,000,000 expansion program which would have provided 77 combat (Continued on Page Five; Col. 5) U-Boat Is Destroyed ® By Flying Boat After . Sinking British Ship 1 LONDON, Jan. 31. — (/Pi — Sinking of the 5,062-ton British steamer Vaclite in a convoy by a German submarine and 1 the subsequent sinking of the I submarine by a British flying boat was announced today. i This was the same submarine 1 which Prime Minister Cham berlain reported destroyed in a speech earlier today. The crew of the Vaclite was reported rescued by an Italian ship. A communique said the Vac- - lite's naval escort counter-at- ( tacked with depth charges after ( the vessel was struck but lost j contact with the submarine. ( Later, however, a flying boat spotted the submarine on iVe surface, apparently unable to dive because of damage 1 from the depth charges, and , dropped a heavy bomb which exploded on the. starboard side. CHAMBERLAIN SAYS: BRITAIN PREPARED Tells U. S. War-Withered Trade Will Prosper If It Waits For Peace LONDON, Jan. 31.—t®—Neville Chamberlain told Americans to night their war-withered trade with England will prosper if they wait until "the time comes to turn once more from war to peace” and gave Adolf Hitler gibe for gibe, defiance for defiance. “We are prepared for air raids if they should come,” was his answer to the man who last night jeered at "old Mr. Chamberlain and his Bible” and threatened England and France with a taste of "the fight they asked for.” He reviewed the "prodigious re sults” of the British war effort more than 1,250,000 men under arms, airplane construction stepped up to a point seven times greater than 135-86, orders for supplies to talling nearly £200,000,000 ($808, 000,000) doubles and in some cases quadrupled gun production and shell output more rapid than that of 1914. Yet no neutral, he said, “feels it self threatened by this enormous accumulation of power." At the same time the British prime minister, speaking at a luncheon at a London hotel, did his best to placate Europe’s disturbed little neutrals, some of whom have expressed resentment at a broad cast suggestion by Winston Church ill that their only hope lies in “united action” with the Allies. To Japan, he voiced his “distress” that the Oriental power should be angry over British war methods. “We have in the past been the largest customer of the United States for their agricultural prod (Continued on Page Five; Col. 3) WALLACE BATTLES FARM FUNDS CUT Warns Solons Farmers Will Hold Them Responsible In 1940 Elections WASHINGTON, Jan. 31— ISO — Secretary of Agriculture Wallace, leading a resounding chorus of pro tests against deep slashes in farm appropriations, today warned con gressmen, and particularly members of the democratic party, that farm ers would hold them responsible in the 1940 elections. An “interesting” political issue will be raised, he said, unless con gress restores the $154,000,000 cut from the Agriculture department ap propriation bill by the house appro priates committee yesterday. "I want to put the farmer on guard,” Wallace said at a press con ference, "against attempts of some congressmen to scuttle the farm pro grams.” Later he added: "I would ask the farmers this question when they went to vote, 'which way are you most likely to be taken care of in 1940'!” The house committee approved a (Continued on Page Fiv#; CoL 6) i AMERICAN CLIPPERS MAY STOP CALLING AT BERMUDA IF CENSORSHIP CONTINUES By ANDRUE SEEDING WASHINGTON, Jan. 31— </P> —American officials are seri ously considering the substitu tion of Puerto Rico for Bermuda as a stopping place for the trans-Atlantic clippers, if Brit ish censorship of American air mail at Bermuda continues. The substitution would add hundreds of miles* of flying dis tance. From Puerto Rico the flying boats might continue to the Spanish Canary islands rather than to the Portuguese Azores before proceeding to Lis bon. However, it is learned that postal regulations are under study which may make continu ance of air mail service via Ber muda still possible. The British seek to prevent the sending of ^contraband to Germany by airmail, and the postoffice department already lias issued an order refusing to accept parcel post for the trans Atlantic flying service. Under study now is the possibility of refusing mail containing money orders, checks, drafts, etc. Should the clippers be permit ted to carry only correspondence, the British would be deprived of a large part of their excuse for examining and holding up Amer can mails. The sole remaining excuse would be that of prevent ing information from reaching Germany. The British took airmail from a clipper two weeks ago. Amer ican consular authorities at Ber muda protested and reserved rights to future damages. Nevertheless, it was readily recognized here that the British were within their rights, since Bermuda was a regular point of call for American clippers, and the United States admits the right of Britain to take mails from ships which make regular calls at British ports. If Bermuda is left out, the question arises whether Britain will take any action to assume jurisdiction over trans-Atlantic planes. Under international law it is possible tor a British war ship to search an American ship even if it is bound from a Amer ican port to a neutral port with out stopping at a British port. But suppose the British want to stop and search a trans-At lantic plane, which, by a defini tion of the Neutrality Act, is also regarded as an American - vessel. Hotv is the plane to be stopped, how is the search to bo conducted? Is the plane to be forced down by a British plane and searched while tossing on the water? This presents a novel problem. International law makes no specific provision for it. Officials feel the British would think twice before forcing down an American civilian plane on a regular scheduled flight, since the repercussion on American public opinion would probably be most unhappy. The Associated Press received no German pictures in the mail aboard the clipper which landed Jan. 30 at Charleston, although its Berlin bureau has dispatched pictures regularly and frequent ly to connect With every out going plane from Lisbon.