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The Sunday Star-News
Published Every Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News At The Murchison Building R, B. Page, Owner and Publisher Telephone All Departments 2800 fntered as Second Class Matter at Wllmlng hMt, N. C., Postotflce Under Act of Congress of March 8, 1179 Subscription Rates bt Carbieb Payable Weekly or In Advance Combino Star New* tion l Week t» stcox*• • • ^ ^i*ok Vq! a Months 2.60 1.96 3.90 • Months .. 5-20 390 7.80 j Year . 10.40 2.80 16.60 New* rates entitle subscriber to Sunday Issue of Star-New* ' “J By Mail Payable Strictly In Advance Oomlina Star Newt tion 1 Month .3 -76 I A0 3 .90 • Months .. 2.00 1.60 2.75 • Months . 4.00 3.00 6.60 1 Year . 8 00 6 00 10.00 (Dally Without Sunday) 1 Month.3 A0 6 Months .33.00 t Months.1.60 1 Year . 6 00 (Sunday Only) 1 Month.20c 6 Months .3125 3 Months.65c 12 Months .2.60 New* rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Btar-New* The Associated Pbebb is entitled to the exclusive use of all news stories appearing in The Sunday Star-News " SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1940 Star-News Program 1. Shipyard*. S. Increase of Port Facilities. S. Adequate Hospital Facilities. 4. Annexation of Suburbs. 5. Development of Fort Caswell as Health Resort. 6. Promotion of Canning Industry. 7. City Expansion Commission. 8. Junior College. ACHIEVEMENTS WE HAVE FAVORED Blum Clearance. Free bridge across the Cape Fear river over Highway SO. Free causeway to Wrightsville Beach. Recreation Centers. Municipal Auditorium. Preservation of Old City and ThaV ian Hall. Civic Centre. Organized industrial services for WO mington. Adequate school facilities for "Wil mington and New Hanover county. Traffic signals on streets of Wilming ton. Thirty-foot channel from Wilmington to Southport bar. . Construction of third lock and dam between Wilmington and Fayetteville on the upper Cape Feir river. TOP O’ THE MORNING Is there some earnest prayer unanswered yet, Or answered not as you had thought 'twould be? God will make clear His purpose by and by. He keeps the key. Have patience with your God, your patient God. All wise, all knowing, no long tarrier He, And of the door of all thy future life, He keeps the key. Selected ACHIEVEMENT—PAST AND FUTURE The Star-News today presents Its annual business survey, in which progress during 1939 is reviewed and prospects for 1940 are outlined. In perusing the two sections of this issue devoted to Wilmington’s expansion and out look, Star-News readers will be gladdened to learn that the city has forged so far ahead from early post-depression days in actual ac complishment and is definitely set for a fast er, perhaps an unprecedented, pace in the future. Wilmington’s business pendulum is swinging toward prosperity with increasing momentum. To get the picture of 1939 it is necessary to view the decade which started with 1930. During the ten years the city experienced the cruel subsidence that swept the nation fol lowing the financial collapse of 1929, but with a delayed start. It was not until 1931 that the full weight of the depression de scended. From then on until 1936 Wilming ton’s business crept at the dragging pace of a wounded animal. Then came the further re cession of 1937. With the hardihood and courage that typified Wilmington’s Civil waT reconstruction days, however, the business community set itself to resist any attack by hard times, and did the job so well that when the last half of 1938 arrived with its promise of recovery the people were on theii toes to take advantage of every opportunity, with the result that as 1939 dawned and ful filled the promise of the previous six months the city, in its farthest business ramifica tions, started forward into what appears tc be an era of new, fundamentally sound growth. The figures showing how well Wilmingtoi rallied from depression distress, how it kepi going through the worst years and gathered strength, economically and financially, ever before convalescence definitely set in, are al in the business sections today. These sections also present the advance ) / * k drafts of the 1940 picture. They show indus try, realty, construction, commerce and busi ness reaching out toward new frontiers. Un less there is some economic upheaval on a nationwide scale, Wilmington will ascend to new levels this year and at its end place its standard on still greater heights for achieve ment in 1941. REYNOLDS’ FIVE POINTS D ESPONDING to an appeal from a delega tion which recently interviewed him at Washington, Senator Robert R. Reynolds of North Carolina declares that he may enter the campaign for the democratic presidential nomination if he can have his name entered in a state holding a direct primary. Should he decide to become a candidate he would join the large group of his colleagues whose names are mentioned as presidential pros pects. On the republican side are Senators Vandenberg, Taft, Bridges, Lodge, McNaby and Nye; on the democratic, Wheeler, Clark, Byrnes, Byrd, Mead, Barkley and Dohaney. Senator Reynolds has a five-point program upon which he will conduct his campaign if he throws his hat into the ring. In his cru sade he has gained widespread publicity, es pecially through the “Vindicators,” an organi zation he formed for “keeping America for Americans,” and through the organization’s magazine, The Vindicator, which is devoted to the principles he advocates. He lists these principles as: Keeping America out of war; the registration and fingerprinting of all aliens; cessation of all immigration for ten years; the deportation of all criminal aliens and undesirables, and the banishment of all isms in this country, notably communism, fascism and naziism. In discussing his program with the Wash ington correspondent of the Raleigh News and Observer, Mr. Reynolds declares: Bj keeping America out of war, we would prevent any entangling alliances with any of the countries of the world. By compelling all aliens to be regis tered and fingerprinted we would know how many such persons are in this coun try and could keep track of them, and thereby prevent much of the sabotaging that is being attempted. One of the greatest points in the pro gram is that for stopping immigration until the unemployment problem is solved. It is senseless to permit these thousands of foreigners to come into this country every year and take jobs away from good American men and women. xBy deporting all criminal aliens and undesirables we could save much of the money we now spend to catch these peo ple and keep them in penitentiaries. Banish all the isms that are now ram pant in the United States and we will keep out all of this propaganda and the spread of dissatisfaction with our demo cratic form of government. The senator is on safe ground. Washington adjured us against entangling alliances. The Monroe Doctrine upholds the principle of America for Americans. The registration of aliens is in the interest of law and order. A halt of immigration would be a step toward absorbing our own idle workers. Deportation, of alien criminals and undesirables would largely depopulate our penitentiaries. Banish ment of isms is universally recognized as the one way to overcome unrest and dissatisfaction in the country. No true-blooded American can raise objection to any of Senator Reynolds’ objectives. DIVERSION IS RUINOUS I. M. Bailey did not draw his punches when he addressed some 125 petroleum dealers at a luncheon here when discussing the all too prevalent practice of diverting gasoline tax money to uses for which it was not intended when the levy was imposed. “Diversion,” he said, "is double taxation... It is an inequitable distribution of the tax burden and is uneconomic. It not only vio lates the promise made when highway devel opment was projected, but is contrary to the state’s regulation of public utilities where equal opportunity for use is extended to all within the area of operation.” The state’s industrial advancement stems in large measure from the improvement of highways, he declared, and any curtailment thereof places a serious barrier in the way of further economic advantage. "Transporta tion by car is in many ways the economic and industrial salvation of the South. . . North Carolina must go ahead with^the de velopment of its primary and secondary highways,” and this project, so essential to the state’s progress “will require every cent raised by gasoline and automobile taxes.” Mr. Bailey, who is an ex-president of the State Bar association, might have gone fur ther, when he called diversion double taxa tion. He might, with propriety, have defined it as taxation by misrepresentation. Money obtained for a specific purpose and used for another is just that. Furthermore, it is, as long as the users of gasoline and the holders of motor vehicle li censes remain inactive, taxation without rep resentation. This is something the people themselves can best deal with. As long as state authorities can juggle tax monies to meet this or that demand upon the treasury, without stern protest from the people who pay the taxes, there is no reason to expect a change for the better. Diversion will stop once and for all time when the taxpayers with one voice unite to demand it. There will never be a better time for that than now. Another discouraging thought in connection with the present international situation is that some day historians are going to have to figure out what this mess is all about. NEW SCHOOL BUSES The North Carolina School commission plans to buy a thousand steel school buses next month at an approximate cost of $1,000 each. As many of the state’s 4,375 buses are old and out of repair, the proposal is in the interest of safety, and parents who commit their children to the hazards of highway travel twice daily will welcome this better ment in the bus situation. Six hundred thou sand dollars for safety is a sound investment. But it will be as foolish for the state’s school authorities to expect their investment in new school buses to end the major haz ard of school bus travel as it would be to ex pect penguins to fly. That hazard will not be ended until men of experience and proved competence are placed in control of school bus operation. It is not the purpose to throw a monkey wrench into the machinery of the plan to replace outworn buses. That is com mended heartily. But it is fitting to believe, and declare, that a major menace to the state’s school children will not be removed as long as boys are employed as school bus drivers. While the pay of drivers is held at its present low figure—less than $10 a month —the school authorities will maintain an un justifiable and indefensible hazard to child life. They are only school boys without re sponsibilities who can work for that salary. It is estimated that 320,000 pupils ride in school buses daily, with the average load ranging from 50 to 60 children for each trip. In most counties the drivers are immature, untried youngsters, totally unfit to be in charge of this human freight. When the state’s school commission raises the rate of pay to the level at which men may be em ployed, it will have met a major need. But not until then, not even if all old buses were replaced with steel vehicles. n_ • ■ i orute v.diion 5 'In Washington' (Star-News Washington Correspondent) WASHINGTON, Feb. 10—It was all done in a good cause, and nobody is sore about it—but if an ordinary citizen did what the birthday ball people did when they were raising money for the infantile parlaysis fight, he’d hear from the Secret Service about it in short order. You know those little tin badges that were 1:oo ucu lu jLicupic v,uiiui buted to the "mile of dimes” fund? Take a look at one, and you’ll see that it is a pretty close replica of the “head” side of a regular dime. It is almost exactly the same size and the engraved face is a good likeness of the face on the dime. The prin cipal difference is that it says “march of dimes” instead of “Liberty—In God We Trust —1939.” i.uhuu.mm s mi ki-.l STIRS SECRET SERVICE Bruce Catton Don’t think the Secret Serv ice is ordinarily indifferent about such matters. A few years ago, when a world series be tween the Yankees and the Giants impended, a sports artist drew a cartoon on the “nickel world series" theme. He decorated it with a likeness of an Indian head nickel. The head was outsize, and wasn’t too close in its resemblance to a real five-cent piece. But a couple of days later a Secret Service man dropped ’round at the office, read a little lecture, and confiscated the engraving from which the cartoon had been made, together with the original drawing and such proofs, mats and so forth as were on hand. Nobody has descended on the mile of dimes people, however, and nobody is very likely to. For one thing, the raising of mony to fight infantile parlaysis is about as worthy a cause as you’re apt to find. For another, the section of the code which prohibits the making of such replicas has a little clause 3tating that this prohibition may be releaved at the discretion of responsible Treasury officials. POSTMEN VOLUNTEER TO COLLECT DIKIES One more item on the paralysis fund. If a uniformed postman rang your bell and asked you for a contribution don’t jump to the conclusion that the Postoffice Department was lending itself to the move. Jesse Donaldson, deputy first assistant postmaster general, says that in all cities where that happened, individ ual postmen had volunteered in their time off. Laws against permitting a postman to do anything but handle mail when he’s on duty are strictly enforced, says Donaldson. Postmen are allowed to co-operate in things like Community Fund drives, provided they do so at their own expense and on their own time. The Postoffice itself keeps clear of these projects. * * * SUB SCARES HECKLE COMMERCE DEPARTMENT Department of Commerce would be lots hap pier if people would stop raising submarine scares in the Caribbean and South Atlantic. Ever since the war started, the department has been trying to promote U. S. tourist travel to Latin America. First FDR stymied it, by talking about mysterious submarines among the islands. Now, with trade just building up nicely, the same story is going the rounds again. This time the White House was quick to an nounce that everything was okay, but the scare caused plenty of steamship ticket can cellations just the same. HERE AND THERE Hitler wants to be a painter. His first am bition is to paint London red with incendiary bombs. * * * y With everybody announcing his presidential candidacy, there is likely to be a premium on dark horses when the conventions get under way. * * * The Japanese are looking for a Chinese gen eral they reported dead a few years ago. They intend to kill him for deceiving them. • * * Census takers in Tulsa, Okla., are being pro vided with mallets to save their knuckles in rapping on doors. The hammers are not to be used for tapping stubborn citizens on the nog gin. * • * For $1,000,000 the public can buy the Kew Yorlf Metropolitan Opera House’s famed dia mond horseshoe. For another $5 the opera as sociation may throw in a couple of contraltos. l The Editor’s LETTER BOX The Editor doe» not necessari ly endorse any article appear ing In this department. They represent the views of the In dividual readers. Correspondents are warned that all communi cations must contain the correct name and address for our rec ords, though the letter may be signed as the writer sees fit. The Star-News reserves the right to alter any text that for any reason is objectionable. Letters on controversial sub jects will not be published. T. B. SANTORIUM Dear Sir: In your Editorial column of Feb ruary 9. you carried an article in which you apologize for quoting inaccurate information relative to contributions to the Wilmington Red Cross sanatorium. As I was quoted in a previous article as having given certain in formation, most probably I am the one alluded to as the source of the inaccurate information. I definitely stated to the reporter who called me over the telephone, that the city and the county jointly appropriated approximately $900 per month toward the maintenance of the Wilmington Red Cross sana torium, which information was not in conformity with the article you carried in your paper issued the first of the week. Will also state that both the city officials and the county officials have never refus ed our request for funds for main tenance of this institution. JOHN C. WESSELL, Physician in Charge Wilmington Red Cros Sanatorium. ANGLE PARKING Dear Sir; It was most interesting to read in this morning’s issue of the Star, the intentions of our ‘City Fathers’ to experiment with anglo parking on Front street. That will be the beginning of a continuous state of chaos for motorists traveling (or at tempting to travel) our main thor oughfare. Why? Viz. . . . Angle parking is now being used on Third street from Market to Grace, and it is a collossal flop. It is a menace to every motorist that uses this street. You, Mr. Motorist, have you ever driven your car through this dis trict late in the afternoons? Then you know. I don’t have to go into detail to acquaint you with how dangerous it is under existing con ditions. It’s like trying to make headway swimming against an out going tide, and if you get through that area unscathed, consider your self fortunate. At any moment you might find your path blocked by a car backed directly into your lane. And, too, it isn’t exactly fair to tourists travelling U. S. 17 and U. S. 421, that are not so familiar with the peculiarities of North Carolina motorists. Some day, although I sincerely hope not, there’ll be a serious accident on Third street, and then our citizens will snap out of their state of apathy and de mand that angle parking must be abolished. One more fact I should like to call to your attention. Third street is approximately 60 feet wide, and Front street is only 50 feet. Does it not stand to reason that on a narrower street it would create even a greater hazard? A TAXPAYER. THAUANS TO AID ‘IRON LUNG’ FUND Half Of ‘The 13th Chair’ Re ceipts To Be Donated By Players By FOSTER EDWARDS Yesterday Mrs. Ben Washburn, member of the Thalian board of di rectors, announced that half the gate receipts of “The 13th Chair," scheduled at the New Hanover High school Friday night, will be donated to the "Iron Lung" fund. Mrs. Washburn said that it was the Thalians’ earnest effort to help purchase the mechanical breather for the city hospital facilities and the acting group "is wishing the Civitans all kinds of luck with their venture.” "The 13th Chair,” the famous mystery play of stage and silver screen slated for the Thalian top performers, is a book which has everything. There is a hermetically sealed room, misplaced suspicion, the ever present under-current of hope less entanglement for all principal characters. It starts auspiciously with a love story. By the end of the first few minutes the stark horror of an im pending danger is projected with such an impact that one is imme diately enthralled by the complica tion. Soon there appears on the scene an old Irish woman, a medium, who has been invited to hold a seance in the Crosby home. For a few mo ments the mystic, a character which is as cleverly under-estimated as a raised eye-brow, injects a strange kind of comedy. After that the play starts unfolding with foreboding ra pidity. With a climax which should sur prise even the most ardent mystery fan, “The 13th Chair" is going to leave all fortunate enough to see the performance with the impres sion that Howard Ganstier, director has handled a complicated story with the best of Broadway polish. As an added incentive to pack the house, the organization is offer ing a big box of candy to the hold er of “The 13th Chair” in the audi torium. Just approximately where the chair is located Mrs. Washburn failed to say, but some person is going to find the number 13 very lucky indeed. i In Hollywood NEA Service Staff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD, Feb. 10.—Behind the screen: Hearing that Ann Sher idan was working in the still gal lery at Warners, I dropped in to rest my eyes and found her—in one of those black evening gowns — waiting to do some "clinch stuff” with Jeffrey Lynn. You’d think that no man past the age of 3 could be late for such a chore, but Mr. Lynn was. When ho finally showed up, he and Miss Sheridan walked over to a brightly Ill UilUliclLtJU VUUbll i and with a let’s get-this-over-with briskness and went into a con ventional embrace. Two cameras clicked, and the p 1 a yers altered their pose slightly. 1 Mr. Lynn assum 1 ed his I’ll-love | you - always ex m pression and pois S ed his lips as close ■ to those of Miss . -- - »oii111UU.H4 as tilt; Paul Harrison 1T “ . ... Hays Office will allow. She half closed her eyes and looked sort of swoony. There was a brief delay by the photographers. “Does my right arm look okay?” asked Mr. Lynn, never altering his soulful gaze. "Hurry up, you lugs; I'm due over at wardrobe right now," said Miss Sheridan through parted, expectant lips. The cameras clicked some more, and the couple relaxed. « * * JEFF’S IMPATIENT TO GET IT OVER While the actor sat on the couch, Miss Sheridan wriggled around so that she reclined in his arms. She registered rapture. His possessive clasp looked like a title illustration for "Heaven Can Wait.” “You finished with the picture, Jeff?’’ she asked. “Nah,” he snarled through a ten der, half-smile of sheer ecstasy, “Gotta coupla retakes tomorrow, and I wanted to go to the races. Say, haven't you guys got enough stuff?” "Just a little longer,” begged the boss photographer. “Annie, how about turning on a little more of the well-kno—” "If you say ‘oomph,’ I’ll strangle you,” warned Miss Sheridan. "Well, don't strangle ME!” pro tested Lynn, who was looking pret ty pink. Your correspondent tiptoed out. It was more disillusionment than I could bear. * * * YOU WON’T HEAR THIS LINE IN FILM I went around to Stage 12 where they’re making a picture titled "We Shall Meet Again.” George Brent calls it “Six Characters in Search of a Director.” Edmund Goulding started it, fell ill. William Keighley substituted for a while. Goulding returned, had a relapse, and now the job is in the hands of Anatole Litvak. All the action takes place on ship board, and I watched a sequence in Merle Oberon’s state-room. The actress was in bed, and looking fine in spite of a heart attack she was supposed to have had. They re hearsed a scene in Which Geraldine Fitzgerald sat on the edge of the bed and concluded a few lines of dialog with, “Joan, dear, you mustn’t talk like this." Then she was sup posed to rise and go out a door. For a better camera angle in the close shot, the bed was raised about a foot on wooden blocks. Then they made a take. As Miss Fitzgerald fin shed speaking, she rose to make her exit, forgot the bed had been 1 EVENING IN LONDON " I 3RlT>SH G-OVeRRMENT ASKS PEOPLE TO BE CAREFUL WHftl _THEY SAY, TO AYOIP GlYlNC tfJFORMATIQM TO THE ENEMY. mm; Highlights Of F. R. Speech I WASHINGTON, Feb. 10— GR) — Here are some pointed paragraphs from President Roosevelt’s address to the American Youth Congress to day: I think that some of us have in the back of our heads that if we had a different kind of government this meeting on the White House lawn couldn't take place. The national income has increased from forty billion dollars in 1932 to sixty-eight and one-half billion dol lars in 1939—plus 71 per cent. Our exports for the calendar year 1932 were worth a billion six hun dred million. In 1939 they were worth nearly three billion two hundred mil lion—an increase of 97 per cent. Don’t seek or expect Utopia over night. Don’t seek or expect a pan acea—a grand new law that will give you a handout—a guarantee of perm anent remunerative occupation of your own choosing. In the case of jobs for you young people, let me make it very clear in the beginning that it is not at all certain that your opportunities for employment are much worse today than they were for young people ten years or twenty years or thirty yea s ago. One final word of warning: Do not as a group pass resolutions on sub jects which you have not thought through and on W'hich you cannot possibly have complete knowledge. One of the big local American Youth Congress councils, I am told, took a decisive stand against the granting of American loans to Fin land—not on the ground that we ought to spend the money here among our own needy unemployed, but on the ground that such action was "an attempt to force America into the imperialistic war." That reasoning was unadulterated twaddle, based perhaps on sincerity, but, at the same time, on ninety per cent ignorance of what they were talking about. Here is a small republic in north ern Europe which, without any ques tion whatsoever, wishes solely to maintain its own territorial govern mental integrity. Nobody with any pretense of common sense believes that Finland had any ulterior de signs on the integrity or the safety of the Soviet union. The American sympathy Is nine ty-eight per cent with the Finns a their effort to stave off invasion of their own soil is now axiomatic. That America wants to help them 'ey lending or giving money to them to save their own lives is also axioma tic by now. That the Soviet union would, because of this, declare war on the United States is about the most absurd thought that I have ever heard advanced in the fifty-eight years of my life. The Soviet union, as a matter ot practical fact, as everybody knows who has got courage to face the facts, is a dictatorship as absolute as any other dictatorship in the world, it has allied itself with an other dictatorship in the world, it has allied itself with another di. tatorship and it has invaded a neigh bor so infinitesimally small that it could do no injury to the Soviet cnion, and seeks only to live at peace as a democracy, and a liberal, for ward looking democracy at. that. It has been said that some of you are Communists. That is an un popular term these days. As Ameri cans you have the right to call yourselves Communists, . . . but as Americans you have not only a right but a sacred duty to confine your advocacy of changes in law to t: e ; methods prescribed by the constitu tion of the United States. Book Highlights You can put down “The Inside Sto ry” (Prentice Hall: $2.75) as a thoroughly diverting, informative book of newspaper reporting ex periences. It’s a collection of yarns from the Overseas Press Club of America, including stories from Tom Morgan, Wythe Williams, Eugene Lyons, Irene Kuhn and 15 others. The range is from the “truth” about the Wilson-House break, the Ford Peace ship, In the World War, to Stalin’s Counter Revolution and current episodes in the new war. Excerpted briefly here is Allen Finn’s picture of Maurice Gamelin, "the man no body knows.” He was called "one of my red corpuscles” by Joffre away back in 1914, but before he went up on the Maginot Line at the time Hitler was marching into Poland, he was scarce ly more than a name to most French men. He commands every British Tom my on the Western Front, but when he was named France’s No. 1 sol dier in 1935 London’s press gave him a paragraph and got his first name wrong. The greatest paradox 3f a paradoxical war—that is Mau -ice Gustave Gamelin, the shy, trig, steely-eyed little warrior, who, with he exception of Louis xiV’s war minister, Louvois, and Napoleon, •levated, stumbled and nearly fell. Teres how her last line sounded: "Joan, dear, you mustn’t talk like his (&—*?X&Z1” I holds more power today than any Frenchman in history. Gamelin’s rise in the last fe"' t'j years has been no less than as tounding. After nearly winning 1 marshal’s baton in the World V?r at 46, he dropped into obscurity and was forgotten by the General Slat, for a decade. He is still largely tit2 man nobody knows. He seldom ap pears in public. He is rarely photo graphed. He hates publicity, Poli' tics, banquets, meetings. He alnto . never makes a speech. He prefets to disguise himself in a dark mints4 suit. Mrs. Lea, Hampstead Resident, Dies Here HAMPSTEAD, Feb. 10—Mrs. H. Lea, of Hampstead, died at 1 o'clock this morning at James »a • ker Memorial hospital in Wdnwv ton after a lengthy illness. Funeral services will be held t-ro1 t h e Cyprus Lake Fresh; teran church Sunday afternoon at 3 ; ■ c She is survived by the folio"'*"®' five children, Misses Beulah • *’ and Jacqueline Lea, Gilbert Coine-^ Joseph Bryan and William Henn Lea, Jr.; one brother, Thomas Jen; and throe nieces and neptl^'/ Mrs. W. H. Clover, Mrs. L- C- " liams and C. D. Brahmer. ROBESON BONDS LUMBERTON, Feb. 10—An otto tuthorizing the issuance ot bon ip to $130,000 after June 30. L ’ las been approved by Robeson cv" ■y commissioners.