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The Sunday Star-News Published Every Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News At The Murchison Building R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher Telephone All Departments 2800 _ Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton N. C., Postotfice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 _ ScBSCEirnos Rates by Careieb Payable W’eekly or in Advance Combina Star New- tion , _.20 $ .15 $ .30 11'"' ''----V... 2.60 1-95 3.90 C M S .. : 5.20 3.90 7.80 6 Months 1040 7g0 i5-60 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News_ ' By Mail Payable Strictly in Advance Combina Star News tion 1 Month ..$ -75 $ .50 ? .90 3 Months !!!!!...... 2-00 1-50 2.75 fi Months Y.'. 4-00 3.00 5.50 1 Year . $.00 6-°° 1000 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News___ ' (Daily Without Sunday) 1 Month.'S .50 6 Months .$3.00 3 Months. 1-50 1 Year . S.00 (Sunday Only) 1 Month.$.20 6 Months .$1.25 3 Months . .. 65 12 Months . 2.50 Card of Thanks charged for at the rate of 23 cents per line. Count five words to line. The Associated Peess is entitled to the exclusive use of all news stories appearing in The Sunday Star-Neics SUNDAY, MARCH 3, 1940 Star-News Program Consolidated City-County Government, under Council-Manager Administration. Public Port Terminals. Perfected Truck and Berry Preserving and Marketing Facilities. Arena for Sports and Industrial Shows. Seaside Highway from Wrightsville Beach to Bald Head Island. Extension of City Limits. 35-foot Cape Fear River channel, wid er Turning Basin, with ship lanes into industrial sites along Eastern bank south of Wilmington. Paved River Road to Southport, via Orton Plantation. Development of Pulp Wood Produc tion through sustained-yield methods throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Unified Industrial and Resort Pro motional Agency, supported by one, county-wide tax. Shipyards and Drydock. Negro Health Center for Southeastern North Carolina, developed around the Community Hospital. Adequate hospital facilities for whites. Junior High School. Tobacco Warehouse for Export Buyers. Development of native grape growing throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Modern Tuberculosis Sanatorium. TOP O' THE MORNING One of Christ's severest condemnations was of the man ivho refused to “trade” with the talent entrusted to hints “Cast ye the unprof itable servant into outer darkness! There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” Arc these words too severe for a case that sulks over what God has given us to use for Himf” Moulton ' - i WHO’S AFRAID! The significant aspect of Britain’s order to blockade further shipments of German coal to Italy is that the London government mini mizes the probability that Mussolini will take a hand in Hitleb’s war, or that Italy’s aid to her axis partner, should she enter the con flict, would be a serious handicap. It would be difficult to explain Britain’s order on any other grounds. Germany has been delivering coal to Italy In great quantities during the winter. "Wait ing until winter’s severities have bassed with the approach of spring, so that her action would not cause widespread suffering among the people, Britain announces that her block ade of Germany will forthwith be extended to fuel destined for Italian consumption— probably for the manufacture of arms for Hitleb—and that the 16 colliers loading at Rotterdam must sail at once or run the risk of confiscation. The decision is not calculated to soothe the Mussolini breast, or tember his ire at his partner’s enemy. From which it is reasonable to believe that Great Britain has either pulled II Duce’s stinger or found an antidote for it TAXED HEAVIEST North Carolina tax collections last iriontl were $319,883 heavier than in February 1939 Obviously the incomes of North Carolina firms and individuals were proportionately liighei in the month just past than in the sam< period last year; which is gratifying to to al parties concerned, including the stale treas ury. If it is a fair index to the balance o the year, North Carolina is destined to fulfil the prophesy hopefully made when the yea was born, that 1940 would be a banner perioi for all dwellers in the slate. There is, however, the inevitable fly in Ur ointment. In the break-down of the collet tions it is shown that the largest single iter in the month’s revenue was the gasoline tai which reached the total of $1,850,120. This ca ceeded both the franchise tax, which stoppe at $1,362,043, and the sales tax, which brough - in $865,986. Here is fresh evidence of the fat ** the Star-News has frequently emphasized: that the owners of motor vehicles are more heavily burdened to support the state govern ment than any other class in the population. The inequality in the rates—a three per cent sales tax against a six ber cent gasoline tax —is clearly demonstrated. The injustice is equally apparent. But nothing will be done to lessen the un just burden until the owners of- gasoline-driv en vehicles unite to demand reform. There is no means of learning when they will unite, but that they should is self-evident. FAIRMONT STEPS OUT I7AIRM0NT is to have a tomato canning plant. The chamber of commerce there announces that a Virginian, Mr. A. E. Hud sox is so well pleased with conditions he finds in the vicinity that he will invest ?10, 000 in a cannery and has already contracted for the crop from 400 acres. The announcement is momentous, not be cause the undertaking involves a great amount of money, but because it brings a new industry to southeastern North Carolina, and stimulates cultivation of a new crop in the heart of a rich tobacco-growing area. Furthermore, it proves that the people of Fairmont are a progressive group with ini tiative to draw outside capital for investment in an industry which had not previously flourished in their community. With tobacco markets restricted because of the British ban, and the outlook anything but rosy for their chief crop, they prove their right to be known as a progressive people by striking out for additional means of livelihood. A small thing, perhaps, when compared with the canning plants of other sections, but capable of great results. Certainly it will wean farmers in the district from the one-crop principle which has been a stumbling block to Southern farming for generations. In encour aging diversification it will fulfill a long felt want. Better still, it will give the community new incentive to strike even higher and hard er for agricultural independence. Fairmont is to be congratulated for its seizure of opportunity when it knocked at the door. LOCKS OUT OF PICTURE Congressional refusal to consider an ap propriation of $15,000,000 for a start on a third set of locks in the Panama Canal, which President Roosevelt has recommended as a defense measure, indicates that his leaders on Capitol Hill are not in agreement with his view. But, after his trip to the Canal Zone and his observation of conditions there, Mr. Roosevelt may send another message from the White House to influence members of congress to revise their position. He is a de termined man and yields1, only under heavy pressure. That the locks are needed now, in the de fense program under consideration, is doubt ful. The President's declaration that addition al expeditures for planes and guns are plain ly indicated and should be provided for with out delay appears much more reasonable, on the score that planes provide detection of ap proaching bombers at greater distances than is now possible and guns offer stiffer opposi tion if they reached the Zone, than the dig ging of more locks, which could not be com pleted for at least six years. The need is for immediate protection, while the threat of the European war’s expansion is imminent; not for something which could not We made serviceable until after the war has either ended or the nations engaged in it have spread its frontiers to this part of the globe. Under present conditions, six years is a long time to look ahead. What the canal needs, and what the United states needs, is protection against attack in 1940 or 1941. And that protection, as far as the canal is concerned, can best be provided by warplanes and armament. TOWN HALL FOR BEACH Allocation of funds for a city building at Carolina Beach brings a cherished dream a step nearer fulfilment. With work to start this month it is prob able that the flourishing community on the shore, so near that it may truly be considered a part of Wilmington, will have its project in completed form before fall. The undertaking includes town offices, an auditorium to seat from 800 to 1,000 persons, and a jail. When the beach completes negotia tions for loans to provide a sewer system, a primary project it deems second in neces sity only to its building, the whole of south eastern North Carolina may well boast oi this resort, which already draws vacationists in large numbers throughout the summer. As its neighboring beaches are among the most valuable assets of Wilmington and this entire region, there Is naturally much rejoic ing at the good news about the town hall an nounced by state WPA headquarters at Ra leigh. Editorial Comments From Other Angles FEDERAL AID FOR SCHOOLS I Durham Herald The High Point Enterprise, edited hy a per son who has labored as a state legislator am 1 in two administrative divisions at Raleigh, ad - vocates federal aid in public education with th ( nterrogativo statement, “What’s wrong with ; plan that proposes a national equalization fum for education, unless it be that it falls short o anything- like adequate equalization?” 1 Disparity between educational opportunity to L a child iri the poor state and another in a ric' . state, thinks the Enterprise, more than melt L the mouthings of those who can’t stomach fee eral aid in public education because it involves violation of the old states' rights thesis. The fact is, says the High Point paper, that $31 is spent to give a North Carolina child 161 days of schooling while $134 is used for the schooling of a youngster in New York for 188 days each year, and $74 is spent on the na tional average. And that is explanation enough, it argues, why the educational folk and their supporters should rally behind the drive for federal aid for schools. Well, we are not going to challenge the En terprise’s logic, the fairness of its argument, and certainly are not going to give anyone the right to class us with those who say feder al aid for schools is bad and dangerous be cause it violates the principle of states’ rights. Fact of the business is, unless we are a poor judge of the outlook, federal aid for public schools is something just around the corner, whether or not it is as wise and as wonder working as some picture it to be. we are reconcueu LO Leuei£u am 1U1 oeuuuia, are not fanatically opposed to it, believe there is logic and equity in the argument that it offers a remedy for present disparity, think more can be said for it than can be said for other forms of federal aid already entrenched; but we are not as enthusiastic over the ven ture as some of our school folk are. The pending bill, we are continually told, prescribes federal aid and bans federal control. There can be, enthusiastic supporters of the idea say, federal aid without federal control and there can be federal control that helps as well as federal control that hurts. We concede sincerity to those who make and defend such statesments and concede that it is possible that the right kind of federal con trol would be better than the type of control some schools are now getting from states. But experience teaches us that where fed eral dollars reach federal control extends also. And common sense teaches us that that is the way it should be. So just as wre are reconciled to federal aid for schools we are reconciled to federal control —control that exceeds in length and breadth the dollar aid given. However, we think he who supports a mo tion for federal aid for a new cause should con sider the condition of the federal treasury as well as the merit of the cause involved. And of all grobps, the educational folk ought to know the present status of the federal pocket book and what reaching new hands into it means. Put simply and bluntly, the price of federal aid for schools at this juncture is federal con trol plus an addition to an already ominbus national debt, deficit and tax load. AVith it will come many other headaches, some that cannot be avoided and some that can but won’t be. But federal control and a heavy federal tax load are two that are inseparable from federal aid. Bruce Catton's 'In Washington' (Star-News Washington Correspondent) WASHINGTON, March 2—Unless there is a big change this spring, no candidate will go to the Republican national convention with enough delegates in his pocket to take charge. It looks now as if a huge proportion of the delegates — Derhans even a majority—will be uninstructed, § This is entirely to the lik- 1 ing of most of the national committeemen. They are hope ful about next fall but not cocky. They think they can win if they pick the best man, but they don’t think it is one of those years when “you could elect a Chinaman.” By convention time there will have been enough prim ary contests to give a fair line on the vote-getting qual ities of the leading candidates. This one may have queered Bruce Catton himself by some blunder; that one may have hit upon a popular note. No one will be ’way out in front. So, come convention time, the delegates can go over the whole list and figure out which man is most likely to lead the party to victory. HOAD OPEN TODAY FOR DARK HORSES That, at any rate, is the picture obtained by talks with the committeemen as they gath ered for their Washington meeting. The picture can change. Senator Taft might conceivably change it. His campaign is well financed and smartly di rected, and he is quietly picking up consider able numbers of southern delegates. He might get up enough speed to upset all present cal culations. Mr. Dewey might, by demonstrating that his name is powerful at the polls. As of today, that is how it looks. It is a situation full of appealing possibilities for dark horses. GANNETT CAMPAIGN'S. ENTERS ON PRIMARIES That explains the tactics being followed by Frank Gannett, the New York publisher. Mr. Gannett is going to end up a major speaking tour in Los Angeles. He is in close touch with politicians and rank-and-file voters all across the country. Jim Wadsworth, one of the shrewdest of congressmen, is working with him. Yet Mr. Gannett is entering no primary con tests and seeking no pledges. His entire effort is based on the belief that the nominee will finally be chosen by a convention which is per fectly free Lo jo in any direction its pleases. That also explains why the stock of Govern or Bricker of Ohio is still on the up grade. Governor Bricker has bowed himself out of the race, and will go to the convention as a Taft supporter. But if the three leaders—Taft, Dewey and Vandenberg—get deadlocked, Gov ernor Bricker will have enough good friends at the convention to start a formidable move in his favor. HOOVER STILL IN THE RUNNING Don't forget that the situation offers a fine chance for cx-President Hoover. A number of the committeemen I talked with feel that the course of events may yet make Mr Hoover the logical choice. The excellent publicity he is getting in the present Finnish relief campaign is by no means lost on them. * * * Like the Democrats a fortnight before, the Republicans came to Washington full of ques tions. The Democrats all wanted to know: is he going to run again? The Republicans were seeking information on the different candidates in their own party, agreeing that no one is very far out in front . right now and asking—not “Will he run?" but ‘‘Who is he?" I HERE AND THERE ! The republicans won an Ohio congressional I district from the democrats. Celebration of the 1 victory will be suspended until after the No f vember elections, however. * * * r Farmers wish skirts would get longer so they , could grow more cotton. We wouldn’t mind ex 3 cept that it s such a long walk down to' the - beach just to see a pretty knee. LOTTERY CHARGES SET FOR MONDAY Several Minor Charges Dis posed Of In Recorder’s Co?rt Here Trial of five persons, charged with operating a lottery, was continued yesterday in recorder’s court until Monday. The defendants and their appear ance bonds required include: Charles Bailey, of 61F- McRae street, $350; Augusta Faison ,of 610 Nixon street, $500; George Anna Fohnson, of 1204 North Seventh street, $500; James Monroe, of 215 Bladen street, $350; and Margaret Pittman, of 1324 Love's alley, $500. They were arrested Friday by city plainclothes officers in connection ,vith a purported numbers racket — pelieved by police to be backed and 'inanced by white or colored “high 3r ups.” Police said they were operating :he racket along the usual lines by selling chances and using a parti pular stock market quotation daily for the winning number. Large amounts of lottery books and other paraphernalia were re covered by police at 610 Nixon street. Despite efforts to break them up, police said, lotteries and numbers rackets in various forms have been operating in the city for some time. Sam Barr, of 809 Russell alley, drew three month on the roads on a charge of assault with a deadly weapon on a female. William Nixon, of Wilmington, route one, received 18 months on the roads on charges of violating the liquor laws. Book Highlights Sheriff Jeff McCurtain was in trouble. Usually when a lynching party got underway in Julie Coun ty. Georgia, Sheriff McCurtain went fishing. But this time he couldn’t get away fast enough. Erskine Caldwell, of "Tobacco Road” fame, tells the story of the lynching and Sheriff Jeff’s efforts to avoid being caught in the mid dle, politically, in the new novel, ‘Trouble in July" (Duell, Sloan and Pearce: $2.50). Sometimes humorous, sometimes tender, al ways powerful, Caldwell makes his characters effectively real in this simple drama of life and death in the Georgia backwoods. When Sheriff Jeff heard that a mob was looking for Sonny Clark, the sheriff started packing his fishing tackle. He hated fishing, hated mosqutoes, but he was safer, politically, out of reach of a telephone until the affair was over. But the plantation owner Sonny worked .for demanded protection. Mrs. Narcissa Calhoun, a fanatic, determined to send all the Negroes back to Africa, had identified Sonny, had heard Katey Barlow accuse him. And Katy’s father, 3hep Barlow, was as mean a ten ant as ever lazied through a crop, fudce Allen. the nnliticnl hnss wasn't much help, either. Sheriff Jeff might have gone Ishing anyway if a mob hadn't stormed the jail and taken old 3am with them. Sam never did xnyone any harm. He just liked to buy junk ears and sell them. But he invariably forgot that the cars were mortgaged. So the sheriff would keep Sam in jail for x few days to teach him a lesson Sam could never learn. It was to save Sam, not Sonny, hat the sheriff started trailing the nob. Caldwell paints a vivid picture t)f the brutality of the whites, out :o lynch, and the terror of the Megroes. huddled in their cabins. He follows the innocent Sonny in his losing race with inevitable fate, trails Katy Barlow through her jrief moment of glory as Sonny’s xccuser to her final remorse and confession “He didn’t do it! to the ynchers. There is no place in America tor lynch law, but there is lots of room for more books like Cald well’s “Trouble in July.” Two Hart In Crash On Fayetteville Road FAYETTEVILLE. March 2—(&)— Tlieo Lambri of Charlotte, was in jured seriously and C. O. Callias also of Charlotte, less seriously hurt when a truck in which they were riding overturned on a curve on highways No. 15A near here today. State Highway Patrolman J. W. Coleman said he was holding a negro booked as James David Taylor of Charlotte, as the driver of the truck pending the outcome of the men’s injuries. County Outgo Exceeds Receipts In February New Hanover county expend ed $53,482.36 and collected $47, 066.72 during February, J. A. Orrell, county auditor, repotted yestreday. Orrell reported a cash balance on hand of $188,521.54 on Feb ruary 29, as compared with the cash balance on hand of $194, 937.18 on February. Principal disbursements were: general fund, $12,339.38; schools, $15,000; old age assistance, $G, 358.50; aid to dependent children $2,646.50; and school buildings, 6,029.35. Receipts for the various de partments of the county govern ment during February were nor mal as compared with all other previous months of the current fiscal year, Orrell said. 1 Exerting Ourselves In Behalf Of The Condemned"""^ ; —AND IF *fHitZE'S yo\i WAHTTO eat, *il Me K^ovaMj~ —Jtfif IN .HOLLYWOOD BY PAUL HARRISON NEA Service Staff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD, March 2.— On a first visit to a studio, nearly every one quickly becomes more interest ed in the actual shooting of movie scenes than in staring at the stars. I enjoy taking out-of-town guests around the sets occasionally; their reactions remind me that fans are forever curious about details which I’m inclined to take for granted. Entering a sound stage, a stran ger always is bewildered in the half gloom by a maze of braced walls which are the backs of sets. He steps gingerly over the braces and snak ey tangles of elec tric cables on the floor. When hi3 eyes are accustom- j ed to the dim light he looks around and realizes that j “sound stage" is a 1 t'erm for a big, hoi- j low building per- j haps 200 by 125 i feet, and 60 or 1 more feet from : floor to rafters. * A sound stage PauI Harrison usually is clutter ed with six or eight sets represent ing rooms, offices and such, and sometimes exteriors. You may walk through a drawing room—all period furniture, oriental rugs and silken walls—and find a dirty jail cell or i Bowery saloon adjoining it. * * # EVERYTHING IS DONE IN HARMONIOUS COLORS On close inspection, visitors al ways exclaim about how meticulous ly everything is done, even to rich ress of materials and carefully chos ?n color schemes which you'd think wouldn’t register on black-and-white film. The' tourists are guided around, :ip-toeing and whispering, until they reach the set actually in use. (Only one company can work in a build ing because there must be absolute silence while the camera is tuin ng.) Near the working set are park ed the portable dressing rooms for the prominent players, the sound booth (a glassed-in truck), and large hand trucks holding supplies for the property man, electricians and carpenters. Behind the camera is i disorderly semi-circle of chairs, also wooded platforms and metal stands holding various kinds of ights. When Vivien Leigh or Joan Craw :oi'd or any woman star is pointed jut, visitors usually say, "How lit :le she is! I had no idea—” Sorae imes they ask with concern wheth ;r Lore'tta Young or Bette Davis has been ill—“she's so thin!” SCOUT NEWS K.V JACK SIIliLMAN 1 When a Scout is taught methods £ of first aid he is also taught that £ he is not a doctor (who's had col lege and post-graduate work in 1 this subject, for ten years or so), * and that his job, in serious enter- 1 geneies, is to make his patient com- £ fortable and safe until a doctor I can be obtained. A Scout paves c the way for the doctor with FIRST 1 AID, and he does the real work with his SECOND AID. And by ' the way, when you send for a doc- 1 tor, make sure that he is told c where the patient is, what you c think the trouble is, and what 1 equipment is lacking. Many are J the times when the doctor has been c told to come quick, “Jimmy is 1 sick,” and that was all. Older people don’t cry .when ' they’re hurt but \ they are often £ scared just the same and need c reassuring. A good First Aider knows how often shock follows in- e juries, even small ones, and how g dangerous it is; ;and you can be ( sure that it can lessen that danger j: if gone about the first aid with 1 confidence and a jsmile and a few a words of friendly reassurance. j Every Scout should have studied t first class and second class first i aid ha.VP Rnino „ a the merit badge before hikes through the woods are attempted, r - li Scout troops of the Wilmington district are looking forward to the o council camporee to be held in .1 Whiteville April 5 and 6. It is ex- t pected that more than 500 Scouts and Scouters will attend this an- o nual event. j The camporee to be held for In dian and negro Scouts will be f announced at a later date. The Wilmington district Court c of Honor will be conducted in - the superior court room Monday at t S p. m. In addition to five Scouts | to receive eagle awards, Lem Doss, v George Johnson, troop 9, and Fred ’oisson, Bert Myers, Ned Herring, roop 13, a large number of other .wards are to be made. In Whiteville, Scouts are busy aaking preparation for a rally to e held next Thursday night. The Vhiteville troop has won the ' outh-central district trophy for the 1 ast two years. If they are suc essful this year they will gain ; ermanent possession of the trophy. < Congratulaions to troop 13 who ™ the Scout shoot held in con- ; ection with the mid-winter shoot f the^ Wilmington Rifle and Pistol ( 1Lfb. The team was composed of led Herring, Donald Parsley, and asper Needham. A medal of rec- - gnition was awarded to each of i he Scouts. Troop 9 held a full and interest- i lg meeting Friday night. The pro- 1 ram was attended by Scout exe- i utive David L. Liles. , Fire by friction was demonstrat by Robert Williams of the Alii- ( ator patrol. Flint and Steel, bv l ourtland Symns of the Beaver V atrol: First- Ain _ Robert Taylor, Alligator patrol; c nd Signaling, by Harold Jeter and of the Cobra pa‘ r .0 . The Beaver patrol was cred- t ,eudntgw‘th the most entertaining i: The grand prize for the highest z umber of points went to the Ah l gator .patrol Talks were made by Scout Glean ^ iPr- H- A. Codington, Dr. £ ■ H. Whitmore, and Scout Execu- ii ve David Liles. c Tho second annual parents' night j o troop will be celebrated n a*ch 10 <Ulri"g their anniversarv ? Much interest has been shown „ ■ onn 0r?anlzat>°n of a Scout f oop at Pcnderlea Scout Execu Zn V1SUed there Monday S mining and met with a large v °up boys and several adults U itercst d in the movement. S. G t lawfield, principal of the school, o HI be scoutmaster. Of interest to all troops of the t Most of the act roses ar nor and smaller th in fans . . • hem. VISITORS art: good AT IDENTIFYING I’i.AVI IN Visitors often . an iiVn:: player, even small-time people, bn a set. They s .he name, of the ■ iircelor of a Aire. Usually th, n a sistant director or the lit: Iranian for the din former makes m< st of md the photo n jrTier do' - Pcssing of tile ca.; md exact posit!"!.* f if rho head ca mi rai an i his machine; that.'? the . • o: ~ first assistant. Watching the 1 vn.i■. for the first titio appointment. fMo*' " t few seconds mes of meani his is (loro set i rai t vith a conference 1 i (here's a ion ire readjusted id. in for an aim if the same hi; "f Guo- -■ in- a .hese delays and in: :ures ever arc < 'xplain that a da f he can aw:., finished film du lames Boswell Ftinerd Conducted At Atkin® ATKINSON, Mar :ervices for .In > former of Atkin■ Saturday after an k vere held Sum! t he graveside b> tl Mr. Boswell : idopted sun, Paul I ral nieces and m ,j Pallbearers wen daurice Kelly, 1 ■ . lobert Barnhill, lb 1 lurnie Huffharn. Here is a ' ■ Spread toast rut, lard-cooked e nchovies and ritli a little 1 igluly with i' ll browned or rediate.y. I'cai anner for een awardei ! lington anil f Lumberti: The bann.-i er cent su /oops. Thi i ■ i the officio toy Seoul? o ine is mail' y Boy Scot", lc world. Many per?" rout movement iterest in too ea Scout umbers of S' uiries of othei ! others me rged to roc ce as soon - - c! To meet tv ea Scout a sars of age - , ast first (la---- ' \ ; A roop. After 1 •••• ■ ... f the Sea A - lay retain 1' roop as before.