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By The Wilmington Star-News At The Murchison Building R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher Telephone All Departments 2800 _ Entered as Second” Class Matter at Wilming ton N. C., Postoftice Under Act of Congress ' of March 3, 1879 _ SUBSCRITTION RATES BY CARRIES Payable Weekly or in Advance Comtino Star New* tion I Months i.. • »•••••••-- con q on 7 80 s Months ;”i0;40 7‘so ls.'eo News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday Issue of Star-News__ By Mail Payable Strictly in Advance Comllno Star News tion 1 Month ...5-75 5 .50 ? .90 l .. . 4.00 3.00 6.50 1 Year .."IX" 1 "I' ■ I5-0° 6-°° 10 00 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News__ (Daily Without Sunday) 1 Month.5-50 6 Months •.53 00 3 Months. 1.50 1 Year . 6.00 (Sunday Only) 1 Month.5-20 6 Months .51-25 3 Months.65 12 Months . 2.50 Card of Thanks charged for at the rate of 25 cents per line. Count five words to line. The Associated Press is entitled to the exclusive use of all news stories appearing in The Wilmington Star TUESDAY, MARCH 5, 194o] Star-News Program Consolidated City-County Government, under Council-Manager Administration. Public Port Terminals. Perfected Truck and Berry Preserving and Marketing Facilities. Arena for Sports and Industrial Shows. Seaside Highway from Wrightsvllle Beach to Bald Head Island. Extension of City Limits. 35-foot Cape Fear River channel, wid er Turning Basin, with ship lanes into industrial sites along Eastern bank south of Wilmington. Paved River Road to Southport, via Orton Plantation. Development of Pulp Wood Produc tion through sustained yield methods throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Unified Industrial and Resort Pro motional Agency, supported by one, county-wide tax. Shipyards and Drydock. Negro Health Center for Southeastern North Carolina, developed around the Community Hospital. Adequate hospital facilities for whites. Junior High School. Tobacco Warehouse for Export Buyers. Development of native grape growing throughout Southeastern North Carolina. j Modern Tuberculosis Sanatorium, TOP 0’ THE MORNING Would you, 0 Christian, immortalize your work’ Then work in harmony with the im mortal One. —Noultcw. FOR A BETTER PARK With extensive landscaping and the plant ing of many azaleas, Greenfield park begins to take on the garb and appearance of spring. The improvement association which has beautification of the park in charge deserves great credit for its work, which is not only earnest but is also directed to the betterment of this favorite recreation center. There is complaint that funds are running 6hort and that more extensive beautification contemplated by the association is endangered. .This is regrettable from every viewpoint. The city administration ought to find a way to provide money needed for improvement of the entire park, which so richly merits the best that can be done for it. Nature’s great gift deserves to be supplemented by ample appropriations. But if the city administration, which is not free from financial problems, cannot get around to making adequate funds available promptly, while there is still time to carry out a beautification program for the whole park this spring, it is not too much to hope that public-spirited citizens will come to the rescue. Lacking an “angel” public subscrip tions would be a splendid substitute. MUSEUM FOR THE CITADEL The movement initiated by the Association of Citadel Men, the alumni organization of The Citadel at Charleston, to establish a museum on the campus to “seek, secure and preserve” trophies, mementoes, relics, paint ings, sculptures and other treasures is of in terest far beyond the South Carolina frontiers. Although closely identified with the state where its physical plant is located, The Cita del is a national institution, ranking among the best preparatory military schools in the United States. Its traditions are widely cherished and whatever is done to preserve its history and j the splendid achievements of its alumni will [ be a valtfable ‘contribution; to Americana. THE COOKING SCHOOL TN one of his most fascinating essays, Charles Lamb, the gentle Elia, tells how a Chinese swineherd’s son let a spark ignite straw and in the ensuing fire the hut and all buildings thereabouts were consumed, and with them a sow which had just farrowed. Mourning over the ashes a delectable odor assailed the boy’s nostrils. Prying among still smouldering ashes the youngster poked his finger into the side of a young pig and, suffer ing a burn, put the finger in his mouth, whereupon his palate was as pleased as his nose. For some seven thousand ages Chinese had taken their meat raw and the lad was slow to grasp what had happened, but per severing in his inquiries he dug again into the ashes and, bringing forth what was left of the pig, sunk his teeth into it, with such gusto that when his father cudgeled .his shoulders he was unconscious of the hurt. The father was prevailed upon to take a bite and he too gave up only when the last of of the pigs had been consumed. Thereafter, when a new litter arrived neigh bors noticed that the swineherd’s hut went up in flames, and despite the best father and son could do to keep their discovery secret, they were hauled off to court for trial, where, one of the jurors testing Exhibit A, another burnt pig, he became so gustatory that the other jurors joined in the feast, so that none was left for the judge, who without a taste could not account for the culprits’ acquittal. He bought himself a pig forthwith and burn ed it in his house. Others followed his ex ample, so that it was feared the science of architecture in China was in danger; until a wise man finally proved it was not neces sary to burn their dwellings to get roast pig It is a far cry from the first pig roasted in a burning home to the modern electric range, from the first cooked meat, served in the hide and without seasoning or prepara tion, to the latest recipes for cooking it. The science of cookery has made tremendous pro gress through the centuries, but there is al ways being discovered new and better ways of preparing and serving all foods, not meat alone. That Wilmington women may learn the latest and best methods of preparing, cook ing and serving foods, the Star-News has brought a nation-famed expert, Miss Ruth Chambers, to conduct a cooking school, which because of its many ramifications, is proper ly called a pageant of food. Classes, opening this afternoon at the New Hanover High school auditorium at 2:30 o’clock, will con tinue for four days. Miss Chambers will dem onstrate all that is new and finest in cook ery, and explain why her recipes are so wide ly approved. All homemakers in the city and county are cordially invited. HITLER’S DEMANDS It was not to be supposed that Hitler would breakdown and confess to Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles that Germany was sorry it acted badly in provoking war and would welcohie a chance to end it without too much humiliation. But that he should have placed his price for peace so high astounds even the British and the French who have learned some thing of the fuehrer’s greed during the last two years. Domination of middle Europe, withdrawal of British and French influence from the Bal kans and from Scandinavia, return of lost colonies and an end of the British “strangle hold” on commerce: that is all he wants to lay aside his arms and return to brotherly relationship with all the world. Modesty is not an outstanding characteristic of the fuehrer. He has always set his goal at what appeared, even to him, unattainable objectives, with the purpose to go as far to ward them as circumstances would permit, and If he got all the way that was just too bad for his enemies, actual or potential. Thus, when he sent his troops into the Rhineland he is reputed to have told his staff they were u» penetrate as tar as they could without protest; that he would order a halt if pro tests came, but would continue the march to the very banks of the Rhine if he could get away with it. It is also pretty well estab lished that he went to Munich without hope of putting his whole plan across but deter mined to give the best show he could on a possibility the bluff would scare Chamberlain off. In both cases he carried his point, but with some trepidation. Now he proclaims to his enemies, through our undersecretary of state, what he will do in the interest of peace. Probably his mental attitude is the same as in the cases cited, al though it is possible former successes have caused him to believe he has but to express a wish to be assured of its acceptance. Mr. Welles’ visit to Berlin, which was purely exploratory, is not likely to have any effect on the war situation, but it serves at least to reveal Hitler’s viewpoint. If it also spread* the Impression that - Europe is not yet ready to consider peace terms, but will go on with needless slaughter until one side or the other rings up a major victory or the blockade of Germany becomes fully effective and her people face actual starvation, it will perhaps have accomplished the best that could be hoped for It. I*"' 1 "* ' —^————■' i Editorial Comments From Other Angles YEN, DOLLARS AND PESOS New York Herald-Tribune In order to compensate for possible develop' ments in her unsettled trade relations witt this country Japan is striving feverishly tc increase her exports to Latin America. Agents of the Japanese government and of privatt interests in the islands are Investigating th( markets of the southern republics with re newed vigor. An Argentine commercial mis sion-is now-In Tokio, and Mexico has been in vited to send an official delegation to study Japanese industries with a view to strength ening the commercial ties between the two countries. For Japan’s obvious aim is to ne gotiate a series of trade pacts that would favor the introduction of her goods into Latin America. It is in line with this plan that the imperial Privy Council has suddenly decided to approve a six-year-old unratified treaty with Uruguay. With her national economy preoccupied with the ravenous demands of her war machine in China, Japan has not been able to keep up the pace which she had set in her trade with Latin America. In 1938 imports from Japan accounted for less than 3 per cent of all the foreign purchases of the twenty republics. In exchange she took only a little more than l per cent of all their exports. Nor do Japanese reports for 1939 show appreciable improvement in her Latin-American trade over the year be fore. A detailed examination of the figures for 1938 reveals that the relative position of Japanese Imports was strongest in such minor markets as Paraguay, the Dominican Republic, Panama and Honduras, in the order named. In fact, Japan ranked second as a source of supply for three of these small nations. Of the major markets of Latin America Argentina was the only country which derived more than 3 per cent of its imports from Japan. On the other side of the international ledger, Brazil was re sponsible for over half of all Latin-American exports to Japan, which had become the sec ond largest buyer of Brazilian cotton. Every where else the balance of trade was heavily in japan’s favor. For example, Argentina bought three and a half times as much from Japan as she sold to her. In view of this disproportion between im ports and exports, Japan’s bargaining position is weak in any move to conclude further trade agreements with the American governments. In 1938 the United States bought from Japan more than three times the amount of all Japanese sales to Latin America. If the Japanese are fearful of the collapse of their American mar ket their chances for finding compensation to i the south of us would appear very slim indeed. WASHINGTON DAYBOOK By PRESTON GROVER WASHINGTON, March i.—One of the keen est dramas of these recent years has been fought out between the Senate, the White House and the Interior Department with the result that transfer of the Forest Service to the Interior Department has been prevented— for the time at least. It began two years ago when the first blanket Reorganization Bill came to Congress from the White House. Immediately western stockmen, farmers, chambers of commerce and others were in a panic. At least they suspected the Forest Service would be snatched from the Agriculture department and given to Interior. Fighting such a change has become almost a religion to the rugged West where the Forest Service is regarded as the one unsmirched member of the government family. Backed by demands of stockmen and others from his home state, Senator Pittman of Ne vada Introduced an amendment to prevent transfer to the Interior. He knew Secretary Ickes, one of Pittman’s finest enemies, would break his foot to get the Forest Service. It was a touch and go situation with the Administration. If the forestry amendment should go through, It might open the way for a flock of other amendments preventing other consolidations. Fassage of Pittman's amend ment seemed certain. Senator Byrnes of South Carolina, in charge of the bill, went hastily into action. He vir tually promised Senator Pittman that the For est Service would %e left alone. Senator Barkley of Kentucky, the majority leader and normal senatorial spokesman for the White House, was even more emphatic, "I am not in favor of transferring the For est Service," Barkley said, "and I have not the slightest fear it is going to be transferred.” » • • The President Assures The assurance satisfied several likely sup porters of the Pittman amendment, including several members from western forest states, who then voted against it. The amendment was defeated. Ultimately the whole Reorganization Bill was lost. But, last spring, up came the substitute Re organization Bill, with Byrnes again in charge. The bill did not mention the Forest Service but in his letter of transmission the President said that subject would be dealt with later. Byrnes asked Pittman if again he intended to submit his amendment, and wa> firmly as sured by the Nevadan that he would unless he received written assurance that the Forest Service would not be touched. Byrnes telephoned the white House and the President telephoned Pittman with assurances for the Forest Service. But afterward Pittman reminded Byrnes that he wanted something in writing, because, he said, he some day might have to explain why he did not offer the amendment. That same day the President wrote Pittman saying: “In regard to the Forestry Bureau, I have no hesitation in telling you that I have no thought of transferring them to the Interior Department.” He added that by getting the public lands (Interior) and forestry people to work together he had prevented duplication of work and ex pected to produce results without any drastic change in organization.” * * * Saved—By Gosh Subsequent correspondence brought to Pitt man another letter from the President outlin ing the basis on which the Interior’s Public Land’s division would work together with the Forest Service—perhaps in some sections un der the same roof—but without actual consoli dation. Pittman and the western forest state mem bers felt reassured. Pittman did not offer his amendment. The Reorganization Bill was en acted. Almost a year passed. Then, a few days ago, Senator Byrnes came once again to Pitt man advising him that an executive order was coming down transferring the Forest Service to Ickes. Would Pittman opose it. Pittman assured him he would. He would re call Byrnes’ and Barkley’s assurances on the Senate floor. He would ask Byrnes and Bark ley if they were “trifling” with the Senate. Moreover, he would read all the President’s correspondence on it, which had already been published in a few Western papers. Byrnes expects to be in the Senate* a long time. He knew the statements he had made would put him in an embarrassing position after the assurances he had given. He went down to the White House. Senator Bankhead, chairman of the joint House-Senate forestry committee, also went down to the White House. What they said can only be conjectured but within a day or so “reliable sources” distributed reports that Sec retary Ickes would not get the Forest Service —at least not- for -the prasanL 1 BRITAIN SET TO BLOCKADE ITALY’S NAZI COAL SUPPLY (Continued From Page One) marine warfare. The vessel sent an SOS' saying “we are sinking” after she had been torpedoed 50 miles southeast of Hastings in the Eng lish channel. Schillig Roads, German sea stronghold off the Elbe river in bristling Helgoland Bight, was the scene of an aerial counterstroke reported by the British air minis try, which said one of its scout ing planes caught a U-boat in shallow water there and probably sank it. The British estimate they have sunk 50 German submarines in the war. To Consider Protest It was made clear that Italy’s protest would receive “rapid and careful consideration.” Tet author ized spokesmen contended that Italy had been allowed a breathing spell to adjust her imports after Britain decided to block German exports last autumn, and took the position that Whitehall feels it has done everything possible to smooth the way for Italy in the present dispute. Any backward step, it was contended, would endanger the whole structure of the British blockade. The reports of a cabinet shuffle had it that Sir Kingsley Wood, air minister, was ripe for dismissal and that Minister of Supply Leslie Bur gin also might go. At the same time the name of Anthony Eden was heard in authoritative circles as the “coming man.” Eden’s pop ularity with all classes and parties has increased since he reentered the cabinet as dominions secretary —nearly two years after he had gone out as foreign secretary in revolt oyer Prime Minister Cham berlain’s efforts to appease both Italy and Germany. Sir Kingsley Wood not only has been the target of much blunt criti cism over the deadening complete ness of the nightly blackout—he also has been at odds with the other fighting services over the control of British air units. At the start o fthe war the army and navy protested vigorously over con tinuation of a separate air force; since then, a number of fighters and bombers have been transferred to both services. However, the ad miralty still desires that coastal de fense squadrons be placed under its command. The R. A. F. still controls these. A more recent complaint has been that Sir Kingsley had held down aircraft production for fear the planes would become obsolete. Burgin's office has been attacked by organized labor and in com mons for some time. Now he has announced the dismissal of two ministry officials and a liaison of ficer without giving any reason for his decision. The supply ministry places orders equivalent to about $64,000,000 every week. Burgin has been ques tioned in commons about commis sions paid for placing contraC ■ and about contractors “believing they had a special line of ap proach to the minister.” Lordy Hankey, minister -without portfolio in the war cabinet also has been under discussion. Today Chamberlain declined to answer a commons query on just what Lord Hankey did with his time. FINNS REPULSE FRESH ATTACKS UPON VIIPURI (Continued From Page One) mus, but said there had been heavy mus, but said there had bee heavy artillery exchanges in that sector, particularly in the vicinity of Tai pale. The Finns gave little details of the fighting north of Lake Ladoga, which they said was continuing, ex cept to report that the Russian at tacks were concentrated in the Pit karanta area. REDS CLAIM GAINS MOSCOW. March 5 (Tuesday).— (A?)—The Soviet military command announced early today that the Red army troops advancing over frozen Viipuri Bay had occupied several points on the west coast in their encirclement of the city of Viipuri and had seized long range naval guns and much other war material in Trongsund fortress on Uuraansaari island. This was the first time the Rus sians had reported reaching the mainland west of Viipuri. One of the towns occupied was Vilajoki, about 15 miles west of Viipuri. Uuraansaari island, with its town of Uuraas and its important for tress of Trongsund, all were report ed captured. These are about six miles south of Viipuri. Previously the Red army forces had announced they were closing in on Viipuri from north, south and east, and had occupied some points in the southern suburbs of the city itself. At one point Viipuri’s rail way station itself was reported taken. Three long range naval batteries w'ere among the war materials re ported captured at Trongsund fort. Funeral Services Are Held For Janet Wolfe, WHITEVILLE, March 4. — Fu neral services for Janet, 17-inonth old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Gar land Walker, of South Whiteville, were conducted Sunday afternoon at 3 o’clock at the home, by the Rev W. S- Caudle, ana burial followed in New nope cemetery. The child died Saturday of bronchial pneu monia and complications. Information, Please! 't£LL^ ME,<3EttlN<3 •ss^r Crtt* BYRD EXPEDITION FUND IS REFUSED (Continued From Page One)' reduced President Roosevelt’s bud get estimates for Interior depart ment activities by $2,986,277. This brought the total congressional re ductions in White House requests this session to more than $293,000, 000. Among major items refused by the committee was $985,350 for a map making program which had been termed of military value. The com mittee said the program should be in a military bill. The Geological Survey’s total appropriation was cut by $1,247,150. Funds for Bonneville dam across the Columbia river also were re duced by $1,000,000 to $5,650,000. The net reduction below the ’’residential estimates was accomplished by slashing many items and increasing many others. The committee measure was $29, 789,443 below that for the current year for the same functions. Nearly $27,000,000 of the cut was made at the White House. Before the committee acted on the bill, which the house will consider tomorrow. Representative Johnson (D-Okla) told a subcommittee that Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd stood to “make a personal fortune” out of the Antarctic venture. Johnson ask ed Lt. Commander Robert A. J. English, secretary of the Anarctio service's executive committee: "Has Admiral Byrd some adver tising and radio contracts from which he expected to make a fabu lous sum of money out of this ex pedition?” “No sir,” English replied. “I am pleased to have the opportunity now to remove that impression.” Candidate Horton Opens Headquarters In Raleigh RALEIGH, March 4.—OT—Lieut. Gov. W. P. Horton of Pittsboro, can didate for the democratic nomination for governor, opened campaign head quarters here today on the ninth floor of a hotel (The Sir Walter). Members of his staff include Judge Dqfniel L. Bell of Pittsboro, state campaign manager; Granbery Dick son of Greensboro, publicity director; William B. Rodman, Jr., of Wash ington, N. C., headquarters worker: Miss Margaret Brooks of Pittsboro, in charge of clerical work. Horton was the first candidate to open headquarters here. Several others are expected to open their headquarters within the next two weeks. Several Retail Beer Licenses Are Revoked RALEIGH. March 4.—<iF>—1The re tail beer licenses of seven dealers were revoked today upon petition of the brewers and North Carolina beer distributors committee. Edgar H. Bain of Goldsboro, state, director of the committee, said two licenses were revoked in Edgecombe, two In Cleveland, and one each in Martin, Pasquotank, and Transylva nia counties, all on petition of the committee. The Edgecombe board of commissioners also revoked the li cense of another dealer, of its own accord. The seven revocations today in creased to 55 the number of licenses revoked through the efforts of the committee, Bam said. WANTS ACTION HENDERSON, March 4.—</P> Superior Court Judge Leo Carr told the Vance county grand jury today he wanted action, rather than mere recommenda tions, in ridding the county of illegal slot machines. He said that the fact that the state licensed the devices did not make them legal and that many of the machines had gambling features. The jurist said the machines were being operated openly. Repeal Of Major Parts Of Hatch Act Proposed WASHINGTON, March 4. — (4P) — Senator Miller (D-Ark) proposed to night repeal of a major provision of the Hatch anti-politics law, and Sen ator Hatch (D-NM) asserted such ac tion “would mean the absolute de feat of the democratic party in 1940.” At present the act outlaws politi cal activity by federal employes. Mil ler told reporters that his amendment would make it possible for these workers to engage in “voluntary" po litical activity, but would retain fea tures of the original Hatch act, for bidding the use of coercion, intimida tion or influence upon employes. “Unless my amendment is adopt ed,” Miller asserted, “the Hatch act will ruin the democratic party. “There is no reason why a collec tor of internal revenue should be for bidden to make a speech or walk into a political headquarters — rights which any citizen should have.” Federal Aid Requested In Effort To Settle Dock Workers’ Strike new YORK, March 4.—(JF)—Un ion leaders asked for federal assist ance today in settling the week-old strike of 5,000 dock workers, mem bers of the International Longshore men’s Association (AFL), in south Atlantic ports. William Green, AFL president, and Joseph P. Ryan, head of the I. L. A., both wired Dr. John R. Steelman, chief of the United States concilia tion service of the department of la bor, asking for a conciliator. ' Ryan said he had “gone the limit” with ship owners over the union’s demands for' a higher wage scale. Pearl L. Callihan, 69, Dies In Local Hospital Pearl L. Callahan, 69, of 1018 Market street, died at 3:30 o’clock yesterday afternoon in a local hos pital after a lengthy illness. He was an employe of the At* lantic Coast Line here for 20 years and retired from active service about three years ago. He was born in Bladenboro in 1869. He is survived by the follow ing: four sons, Elmore, Ralph, J. C., and P. L. Callahan, Jr.; and four daughters, Mrs. Charles Han cock, Mrs. John Saunders, Mrs. Roland Bland and Mrs. Squire Riley. Funeral arrangements had not been completed last night. PUBLISHER DIES PASADENA, Calif., March Charles Henry Prlsk, 64, ed ‘t°r„ “d pub,isher of the Pasadena Star-News und the. Pasadena Post, died today. He had been ill for several weeks, with a sail bladdelr ailment and other complications. . SHIPPING NEWS CLEARED AND SAILED Steamer (Nor.) Spind for Norfolk after dis charging part cargo of sugar, Heidi and company, agents. Tanker C. B. Watson for Smith Bluff af ter dischai'ging part cargo of gaso line, Cape Fear Terminal company, agents. IN PORT Motor Vessel (Hon.) San Luis, 479 tons, unload, ing cai-go of sugar, Cape Fear Skip ping company, agents. Tugs and Barges Tug Comanshe and barges Lake wood, 476 tons, and Glennwood, 461 tons, loading creosote piling at Tay lor-Colquitt company. Dredge Henry Bacon, U. S. army engi neers dredge, 2,580 tons, dredging in anchorage basin. Barges Lottie, 740 tons, and Potomac, ?(t tons, loading lumber at J. Herbert Bate Lumber company. Chisolm, 746 tons, loading cross ties at Southeastern Shipping serv ice. Cutter Modoc, U. S. coast fuara cuuo, docked at customhouse wharf. Survey Boat Lydonla, 980 tons, coast guard arl geodetic survey boat. INWARD BOUND Motor Ship Vistula, 5,237 tons, from Ba: towi with cargo of gasoline and leum products for the Standard Oil company. Tanker Esso Bayonne, 4,653 ton®' fr0 Baytown with cargo of gasoline an petroleum products for the Stan# ard Oil company. Tug and Barge Tug Ontario towing barge Wa» kesha, 2,272 tons, from Port Tampij with cargo of phosphate rock, Bei . and company, agents. Two Divorces Granted j In Superior Court Hert Two divorces were granted terday as a two-week tcl'* New Hanover superior court ed here with Judge J- Pau n zelle, of Snow Hill, presiding They were: Jessie Lorena - vs. William G. Smith and L“ F. Hansley vs. William ■' • ley. , ,jj Both were on grounds years separation. FATE PAYS DEBT WINNIPEG, March Fate paid off a 13-year-o ^ here when Lloyd Younkei-, ^ saved Colin Campbell, G, an brother Peter, 3, from in the Assiniboine river. ^ years ago this month Lieu • e(j Campbell, father of ’«e boys, pulled a drowning ^ Neil MacLean, from the »“*, er. The youngsters throUgl» ganing when they crashed the ice. SCHOOL Bl'R>'s H CP) WILSON, March 4.- ^ city’s $10,000 negro h.ga rf(r. turned to the ground 1 fjri ioon. It was thought Ttl( started from defective n11 540 students and nine (wBii marched from the building' ^ structure.