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WILMINGTON Served by Leased Wire of ihe And Souiheasiern North ASSOCIATED PRESS Carolina With Complete Coverage of _ Stale and National News ---—__WILMINGTON, N. C., FRIDAY, MARCH 15, 1940 . ★ ★ ESTABLISHED 1867 " Tr#„ ' ~ , ^ * * * * * : * * * ★ ★ ★ * 25 Killed, 17 injured In Crossing Crash — If ~ ^ _ IS_ _ Off To Bomb The British The crew of a German bombing plane runs toward their ship after they received orders to take off on an immediate flight over the North sea, where surface craft, including those being convoyed, presumably were to he the targets. Nazis are confining their greatest activity to these raids, hoping to cripple British shipping. General Schley Approves Northeast River Project WOULD COST $73,000 “Ians Call For Deepening Section To 25 Feet, Wid ening It To 200 Feet A recommendation that the North nit river be deepened to 25 feet and ridened to 200 feet for one and a uarier miles above Wilmington was ipproved yesterday by Major Gen ts! J. L. Schley, chief of the U- S. Miy engineers corps, Lieut. Col. jearge Gillette, Wilmington district engineer, was informed. The Northeast river project, which nil also include a turning basin 600 feet Hide above Wilmington, was in cluded in the Cape Fear river at and Wow Wilmington maintenance pro fe, the engineers office here stated. Contention Recognized Heretofore, Northeast river has *n a separate project but the con feRion that it is a part of the har " Ci Ti ilmington was recognized t hereafter the project will be J*jdered with the Cape Fear river so as to simplify matters. ,\ Project also provides for in the width at the bends of JJKfT extending from the Hilton [weather Korth r.,^0RECAST Subtly coKW na- Partly cloudy, S% fa)r the coast Friday; te- • slowly rising tempera *®^:30SpCa!ndata for the 24 hours »• ">• yesterday). >39Temperature 62; 7.rj’ -,i < :3o a. in. 44* 1 -30 n 40• t..”1, r<‘1 J maximum G7; P30 a. ’ Mumidity°rmal 53* P30* p'Jln~ ’ gg a* ni- 98; 1:30 p. IbMSI tor 24P|r“i,,itation i^bes; totT® ?ndinS 7:3» P- m„ h' °-»3 inches S‘"Ce 7irst of thtf . Tides F„r Today ““"Ston High Low Kis.„, . 1:50a 9:30a lot<> Inlet ,vi5p 8:30p «»», n;2Sa 5:«a it,.!Se 6:2 V . 12:0011 5:58p I0:14a;«oonsetu.n!!L:Mp> staSe at Fay ^'iaueu on , ' - ^ 1 ‘fie Ten; Col. 2) I r Probe Of FBI Arrests In Detroit Is Ordered WASHINGTON, March 14.— (/P)—Attorney General Jackson today ordered a full investiga tion of the arrest at Detroit last month of a dozen persons indicted for recruiting soldiers for the Spanish republican army, an incident which brought charges that the federal bureau of investigation had used ‘‘third degree” methods. Meanwhile, it was learned that Jackson also intends to make a study of wire tapping and of the FBI’» “general intel ligence” file with a view to re determining departmental poli cy. There is no intention, in formed persons said, to make a general investigation of the FBI. Jackson announced that the new inquiry- into the Detroit af fair would be conducted by Henry A. Schweinhaut, young chief of the department’s civil liberties unit. COOPER OPPOSES ROAD DIVERSION Wilmington Mayor Expect ed To File As Guberna torial Candidate Today RALEIGH, March 14—(JP>—Mayor Thomas E. Cooper of Wilmington, arrived in Raleigh tonight presum ably for the purpose of filing tomor row as a candidate for the demo cratic nomination for governor. Cooper said he was taking a stand against highway diversion, and ad vocating $5 license tags for automo biles and lower gasoline taxes. ‘‘If I’m elected governor, I won’t have to worry about diversion,” he (Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) Truck Struck By Train Near TownlnTexas Mexican Laborers Die In Worst Crossing Accident In State’s History VICTIMS DECAPITATED Bodies Scattered In Every Direction As Passenger Train Smashes Auto McALLEN, Tex., March 14 — (S’) —The worst crossing crash in Texas history killed 25 Mexican laborers and injured 17 today. A truck carr: ■ ing the men to work in a vegetable field was struck squarely in the center by a Missouri Pacific passen ger train six miles east of here. Some of the victims were decapi tated. Bodies were scattered along the track for 600 yards. The truck, its exploding gasoline tank wrapping it in flame, stuck fast to the engine’s cowcatcher un til the train was stopped. Tracks Parallel Highway The tracks parallel the main valley highway, into which runs the road on whi h the truck was traveling. One of the victims was caught un der the engine’s firebox and was burned. Witnesses said the clothes of other victims could be seen.burn ing along the tracks. Mary Ann Wall, who works in an office near the scene, related: “When I looked ... I tried to yell but I couldn’t say a thing. “Then‘my boss, Albert Jensen, ran out on the loading platform (of a citrus packing plant) and yelled back to me to call all the ambulances. 1 made the calls and when I looked (Continued on Page Four; Col. 4) GRADY AND OTHERS PAY FILING FEES Kenly Man Says Certain Interests Sought To Keep Him Out Of Race RALEIGH, March 14.— VP) —The last-minute rush to file for state and congressional offices got under way in earnest today, and five democrats and two republicans paic entrance fees to the state board ol elections. The deadline for filing for the primaries of May 25 is 6 p. m. Sat' urday- The board of elections will meet at noon Saturday to name county boards. Filing today were: Thad Eure, of Raleigh, democrat, incumbent, secretary of state. A. I. Ferree of Asheboro, repub lican, secretary of state. George Ross Pou of Raleigh, In cumbent, auditor. F. H. Shuford of Raleigh, demo crat, incumbent, commissioner of labor. Julian T. Gaskill, 3rd, of Golds boro, republican, congress from the Third district. Sam M. Cathey of Asheville, democrat, congress from the 11th district. Grady was the eighth to file for governor. Others are J. M. Brough ton of Raleigh, A. J. Maxwell of Raleigh, L. Lee Gravely of Rocky Mount, W. P. Horton of Pittsborc and Arthur Simmons of Burling ton, all democrats; and Robert H. (Continued on Rage Ten; Col. 3) Hot Dog Candidate Calling himself the people’s “Hot Dog’’ candidate, James Rivers, of Boone, N. C., is seeking the congressional seat held by 72-year-old Robert ("Farmer Bob”) Doughton, chairman of the house ways and means committee. Above, Candidate Rivers eats his favorite snack— a hot dog and coffee. ’ Baptist W omen Ke-Blect Officers, Close Meeting SELECT GREENSBORO Resolutions Thanking Com mittees, Churches, Press And Others Adopted The 50th annual convention of the Baptist Women’s Missionary Union of North Carolina closed at the First Baptist church yesterday afternoon with the re-election of all state officers featuring the fin al session. Greensboro was named as the site for the 1941 convention, which will be held the second week in March, the exact dates to be set later by the executive committee. Officers re-elected were: 9 Mrs. J. Clyde Turner, of Greeps boro, president; Mrs. Wesley N. Jones, of Raleigh, president-emeri tus ; Mrs. J. S. Farmer, of Ra leigh, vice-president; Mrs. Earl C James, of Elkins, vice-president; Mrs. W. D. Briggs, executive sec retary; and Miss Ora Alford, of Ra leigh, treasurer. Many Attend A total of 723 delegates to the convention were registered during the three-day meeting. At the final meeting yesterday afternoon, resolutions thanking the churches and people of Wilmington for their hospitality and the press and individuals for their coopera tion during the convention were adopted by the organization. A resolution of thanks was also adopted, expressing appreciation for the efforts of the local women’s committees, headed bj£ the follow ing: Mrs. G. B. Phillips, general chairman; Mrs. H. A. Hanby, wel come; Mrs. J. D. Freeman, hos pitality; Mrs. D. M. Darden, regis tration; Mrs. John A. Stevens, (Continued on Page Two; Col. 2) Return Of ‘Freedom Of Seas’ Is Demanded WASHINGTON, March 14.— (/P>—A jobless sea captain, Jo seph A. Gainard, of Melrose, Mass., who brought the S.S. City of Flint safely to the United States after its capture by the Germans, demanded to day a "freedom of the seas” for American shipping. Hailed in recent weeks as a hero of the sea, Gainard, a slight, graying individual, criti cized the neutrality act ban ning American vessels from combat reas as "ridiculous.” "1 believe in maintaining freedom of the seas,” he de clared. In discussing the future for seamen, like himself left job less by the halting of North Atlantic shipping, Gainard fore saw little chance that trade with South America or other parts of the world would pick up enough to absorb them. GEORGE FICK 0UT~ AS RESORT CH1E1 Resignation Is Accepted Bj Wrightsville Board; Suc cessor Not Named The Wrightsville Beach board 01 aldermen met in the courthouse yesterday and accepted the resigns tion of George Fick as chief of po lice at the beach. The resignation read: "I herebj (Continued on Page Ten) DRAMATIC BATTLE IN PLANE FLYING OVER NEW YORK ENDS IN MAN’S DEATH JERSEY CITY, N. J„ March 14. _ (/p) — A man tentatively identified as a former theatri cal publicity writer today found in spectacular manner the death which police said he sought when a plane fell into New *ork har bor following a dramatic battle between passenger and pu°t a half mile up. . „„ Pilot Joseph Rosemarin, •>“> Brooklyn, was rescued but New York harbor and local pohce worked into the night floodlights, grappling for jne body of the passenger where plane fell near the Statue of Uberty. A friend of the pilot, Attorney Mortimer Babson of New *ork city, and a woman told police the missing man was apparently Emanuel Eisenberg, 35, of New York city. Babson said Eisen berg resigned last year as press agent for the Group Theater in New York and went to Mexico to write a book. He said he had seen the man in New York re cently. Miss Ruth Eisenberg telephon ed that her cousin Emanuel bad gone up with a pilot named Rosemarin. After hearing Rosemarin’s gra-' phic, tense story of the strug gle in the skies at Jersey City Medical Center and questioning Kabson, Police Inspector Henry Gautier said tersely; “It is simply a case of suicide.’’ Kosemarin was treated for shock and submersion. Police Lieutenant William Cur tin said the pilot told him that while the two men were strug gling and the small training plane spun earthward, Eisenberg attempted to jump out. The story which Kosemarin had previously told Police tap. tain Fred Drewen was that of a man who became terror-stricken and “leaned over and hit me over the head with pliers.’’ “I struck back and knocked him unconscious,” Kosemarin said. “I was unable to control the plane and had to land.” The pilot, an instructor for the Standard Flying School at Floyd Kennett airport in Brooklyn, said the man went to the tield this morning. (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 4) Nazi, Soviet, Italian Bloc Is Proposed Project Presented To II Duce By Von Ribbentrop During Visit To Rome WILL INCLUDE OTHERS n 1 rr tv uermany neporiea i o nave Obtained Pledge From Reds To Spare Rumania BELGRADE, March 14. — (TP) — High Yugoslav officials were in formed tonight that German For eign Minister Joachim vcn Ribben trop on his visit to Rome last week-end presented Italy with a Nazi project for erection of an eco nomic bloc of Germany, Russia, Italy and “all small states between these powers.” As reported here, the German foreign minister painted a rosy pic ture of the mutual advantages of an economic federation of the three largest totalitarian powers which also would embrace the small Bal tic, central European and south eastern European states. Trade With Powers The latter, including Yugoslavia, already do most of their trading with the totalitarian powers. Benito Mussolini was reported to have viewed the plan with strict reserve, but the subsequent an nouncement that Ribbentrop con cluded an agreement for Germany to supply Italy with coal by rail to circumvent the British blockade deeply impressed Yugoslavs. German coal trains Italy-bound, now rumbling through northern Yugoslavia, are being given the right-of-way over local traffic. Yugoslav officials expressed the view that the Rome-Berlin axis is functioning strongly in the eco nomic field, but they doubted that Premier Mussolini would consider working hand-in-glove with Russia. OBTAINS PLEDGE BERLIN, March 14.—<A>>—Ger many, anxious to avoid a southeast ern battlefront and determined to strengthen her economic ties with the Balkan nations, has obtained from Soviet Russia a definite pledge to spare Rumania, come what may. (Continued on Page Two; Col. 3) TOURIST SPENDING CLIMBS IN STATE Baskervill Reports Visitors Are Spending $100, 000,000 Each Year COLUMBIA, March 14— OP) — Tourists are spending more than $100,000,000 a year in North Caro lina, J. C. Baskervill, of Raleigh, of l ficial of the State Advertising Di vision, said here tonight. Speaking at a meeting of mem bers and directors of the greater Albemarle association, Baskervill said the tourist trade had become one of North Carolina biggest "money crops.” ‘‘Something has undoubtedly hap pened throughout the country to (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 3) BURNS ARE FATAL . TO MAN AND GIRL Willie Corbett, Atkinson Negro, Dies After Effort To Save His Daughter BURGAW, March 14—Willie Cor bett, 75, negro, of Atkinson, died yesterday as a result of burns sus tained at his home yesterday morn ing when he tried to extinguish the burning clothing of his daughter, Josephine. The girl cought fire while playing around a stove in the house. She was carried to a Wilmington hos pital for treatment but died upon arrival there. Corbett received severe burns about the hands, face and body when his clothing caught fire while he (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 2) LI A Y ORGANIZE NEW STA TE IN EX-FINN AREA " M. - FINNS LEAVE SECTION 1 Hundred Thousand Women And Men March From Land Ceded To Reds STATE PAYING COSTS Families Are Not Forced To Leave But Do Not Want To Live Under Red Rule By LYNN HEINZERLING HELSINKI, March 14— UP) —A new army was on the march tonight in saddened Finland — an army of 100,000 men, women and children forsaking their firesides in ceded territory to find strange homes within Finland’s newly-shrunken frontiers. By foot, in autos, wagons, and on trains they moved through the snow clad country taking their pigs, horses and cattle with them. They carried what clothing and family heirlooms they could gather on short notice before their land is turned over to Russia. Thousands In Centers Approximately 500,000 other per sons are in refugee centers, having fled there for protection early in the war. About 140,000 of them may return to their homes — what Russian bombs have left of them—but Fin land must find new homes ar.d new livelihoods some place in the rock bound land for about 460,000. Juho Koivisto, assistant minister of agriculture who is in charge of muving the people, said that no pressure had been brought to force families to leave the ceded areas, but that experience showed prac tically none of them wanted to live under Russian rule. Most of those to be moved are from the regions north of Lake Ladoga since the ceded Karelian isthmus was emptied of civilians and turned over to the army almost com pletely during the war. Only 2,000 persons are remaing in Hanko, the south coast port leased to Russia as a naval base. State Pays Costs The state has been paying the en tire cost of feeding and sheltering refugees and now wil' stand the cost of moving them to permanent homes. Koivisto said that an effort would be made to keep friends and neigh bors with common traditions and customs together but that "very (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 4) VOULD FOLLOW POLICY. Some Think Soviet Repub* lie, With Local Govern ment, Will Be Set Up PRESS UPHOLDS PACT] Papers Claim Peace Saved Northern Europe From Alleged War ‘Plots’ MOSCOW, March 15.—(Friday) — IIP)—The supreme soviet of tha L' S.S.R., Russia’s parliament, was convoked today for March 29, and many observers predicted one of the most important items on its agenda would be formation of a Soviet socialist republic in the ter ritory ceded by Finland under tha new peace treaty. These observers said formation of such a Soviet republic would be in keeping with the Soviet pol icy toward national minorities, as worked out by both Lenin and Stalin. If created, this republic would have local self-government, its own language, and cultural institutions and a council of people’s commis sars. May Enlarge District In some quarters it was believed possible, however, that Viipuri and the Karelian isthmus might-be in corporated into the Leningrad dis trict and that the northern shores of Lake Ladoga and that part of northeastern Finland ceded to Rus sia might be taken into the exist ing Soviet Karelian republic. Official comment was not avail able. The decree calling the supremo soviet into session was signed by President Michael Kalinin, and cir culated by radio and by Tass, tha official news agency. The last session of the supreme soviet, which is Russia’s parlia ment, was held early last Novem ber, while Finnish delegates en gaged in futile negotiation of Rus sia’s first demands were in Mos cow. On the 30 th of November, Russia invaded Finland. At the November session of tha Soviet, the members unanimously approved the incorporation of tha western Ukraine and western Whita Russia—those parts of Poland oc cupied by the Red army—into tha Soviet union. Treaty Upheld The treaty of peace which ended the undeclared war between Soviet Russia and Finland was presented Russian newspapers as saving (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 3), Northern Defense Treaty Is Given Fresh Support STOCKHOLM, March 14— UP) — Support for a defensive alliance among Sweden, Norway and Finland grew today out of the ashes of the Russian-Finnish conflict which left powerful Russia startegically poised over all three. Official statements in Stockholm, Oslo and Helsinki drew the issue to the fore following the Russian dictated peace, the Swedish foreign office and Norwegian Foreign Min ister Halvdan Koht making almost identical announcements that their countries w'ere considering the pos sibility of such an alliance. Finland’s president, Kyosti Kallio, described a defensive alliance as an “inescapable necessity.” Traditionally neutral Norway and. Sweden have become distinctly con scious of possible future dangers aa a result of the Finnish peace treaty. Opposition is voiced to any alliance or definite commitment binding Sweden and Norway to give Finland direct military aid but some form of precautionary action generally ie expected. In both Sweden and Norway anxiety is felt that Finland might I (Continued on Page Ten) Sweden, Norway Explain Troop Passage Refusal Knew Germany Would In tervene In Effort To In tercept Allied Soldiers OSLO, March 14. — UP) — Foreign Minister Halvdan Koht declared in a broadcast tonight that Norway and Sweden had refused a last min ute formal request of Britain and France to send troops through Scandinavia to Finland’s aid be cause it was learned that Germany would intervene. The Norwegian foreign minister said the French and British issued feelers as early as March 2 bul made no official request for pas sage of their troops until March i'-’ (Continued on Page Four; Col. «) » - Today’s Cash-Raising Rhyme Thar’s gold in that fhar attic, folks, If you know how to 'et it. A Want Ad in the Star and Neu>» Sells cast-offs if yowl let it. It’s Thrifty To Use Want Ad* Call 2800 To Start Your Want Ad Charge It J L '