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WILMINGTON Served by Leased Wire of the And Southeastern North ASSOCIATED PRESS Carolina With Complete Coverage of ___ State and National News s'^—----WILMINGTON, N. C., SATURDAY, MARCH 16, 1940 _-fr +_ESTABLISHED 1867 OFFICIALS SA Y NEW PROPOSAL IS IMPOSSIBLE British Legislators Make Plans To Urge Strong Balkan Policy LONDON, March 15. — UW — British legislators today mapped a bid for a bold diplomatic poli cy ill the Balkans and the Near East, backed by British and French military might, as a measure to thwart possible ex tension of war. Informed sources disclosed that a number of members ot parliament planned to demand such a vigorous policy when Prime Minister Chamberlain makes his next statement on the progress of the war before the lower house on Tuesday. These members, it was said, will contend that the need for such a policy has become more urgent with the end of the Kus sian-Finnish conflict and the fear in some quarters of a possi ble Russian or Russian-German drive into Rumania. (In contrast, an unofficial but weli-qualilied source in Rerun said on Thursday that Germany had obtained a definite pledge from Russia to spare Rumania, come what may in southeastern Europe. The pledge, it was said, might enable German diplomats to steer Rumania away from the allies and into a non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union.) FRENCH CABINET CHANCES SLATED Daladier Backed By Clean Vote Of Confidence Fol lowing Senate Quiz PARIS, March 15— —With French war cabinet changes report ed in the offing, Premier Daladier emerged tonight from a two-day secret senate quiz on his war poli cies backed by a clean vote of con fidence, 240 to 0, that he would wage war against Germany with "increasing energy.” The session, which began amidst widespread calls for "action” on the western front, ended with renewed hints that Daladier would make some changes in his war cabinet by Easter. There were a number of abstentions from the vote amongst the 310 members of the senate. Parliamentary sources voiced be lief that the Allied Generalissimo, Maurice Gustave Gamelin, would take over the war portfolio now held by Daladier, leaving a battle scarred veteran of many wars, Gen eral Alphose Georges, 64, in com mand of the Allied land forces. There has been criticism of Dala dier because he holds too many jobs —premier, minister of war, national defense and foreign affairs. The unanimous expression by the senate today, however, gave Dala dier an endorsement of the free hand given his government by the chamber of deputies after a similar secret debate February 10. Daladier had to defend his policies before the senate against criticism made sharper by the failure of the Allies to act in time to aid Finland. The European War Situation (By The Associated Press) HELSINKI — Finnish diet ap proves Russian - Finnish .peace treaty, 145 to 3; Finnish troops retreat four miles along 226-mile front. . BUCHAREST — King Carol balks at German scheme to pledge Russia and Hungary to guarantee Rumania’s frontiers in return for increased flow of Rumanian raw materials; mon arch doesn’t want pro-Nazi Iron guardist in cabinet. PARIS—Baladier wins 240 to 0 confidence vote from French senate; war cabinet changes ru mored, with Generalissimo Game lin reported slated for war minis try. ' ROME — Welles arrives for final series of conferences, to see Pope Pius Ail, uiussoum and Ciano before sailing Tues day. London — British legislators map plans for bold diplomatic policy in Balkans and hear east. INVOLVES GUARANTEES Carol Indignant Over Sug gestion He Take Iron Guardist Into Cabinet ASK DEMOBILIZATION Plan Believed Doomed To Flat Rejection Unless Modified By Nazis By ROBERT S. JOHN BUCHAREST, Rumania, March 15—(Saturday)—UP)—High Ruman ian government sources declared to day that the conditions of a German “security” offer to Rumania, involv ing proferred long-term guarantees from Russia and Hungary, were “in tellerable and impossible of accept ance.” King Carol, close associates said, was particularly indignant over a re ported German suggestion that ha take a pro-Nazi iron guardist into his cabinet as a condition for such "se curity.” inner nans upposea Other Nazzi overtures in the economic field, cited also by tie - many as conditions for hands-off pledges by Russia and Hungary, 'ike wise encountered stiff opposition here. The king’sadvisers were represent ed as feeling that any Rumanian at tempt to meet German demands for a monopoly on Rumanian exports as the prices o' guarantees would wreck the ciuntry economically al most as much as war itself. Still another Nazi proposal—Ru manian demobilization—was opposed by military quarters as likely to put. this country completely at the mercy of foreign powers, no matter what guara. tees were made on paper Authoritative sources said the plan was doomed to flat rejection unless Germany showed a disposition to modify it greatly. As things stand, Rumania has an Allied pledge of assistance against aggression, made pi.or to the war. Guards In Germany As for the iron guardist matter: —Fugitive leaders of this organiza tion who are in Germany are still barred from their homeland, despite current amnesty offers to repenten (Continued On Page Three; Col. 1) RED, Jap TROOPS CLASH ON BORDER Soviets Reported To Have Sustained Several Casual ties In Engagement TOYOHARA, Karafuto Island, Ja pan, March 16.—(Saturday)—(iP)—So viet troops were reported to have sustained more than a dozen casual ties today in a clash between Russian and Japanese border patrols near tho Saghalien-Karafuto boundary. Two Japanese were reported to have been wounded. The Japanese said the Soviet pa trol opened fire without warning when the two patrols met. (The Island of Karafuto (or Sagha iieri) was occupied by Japanese forces during the Russo-Japanese war in August, 1905 and the acquisition by Japan of that part of the island south of the fiftieth parallel was con firmed by the treaty of Portsmouth, concluded between Japan and Rus sia in October of the same year.) Sit-Down Shoppers Win Shorter Shopping Hours And Greater Savings Star and News Want Ads have made sit-down shopping fashionable and profitable. Thousands of people are waiting to read your ad in tomorrow’s Star-News. The fact that such a great mass of people rely exclusively on Star and News Want Ads enables you to rent, sell, hire help, etc., quickly and at lowest advertising cost, through this newspaper. Call 2800 Now To Start Your Want Ad Charge It _ Seven Perish In Charlotte Apartment Fire Seven Others Badly Burned, Many Escape Guthery Building Envelop ed By Smoke, Flames Be fore Firemen Arrive 10SS TOTALS $75,00( Fireman Is Injured When Woman Jumps From Win dow, Strikes His Back CHARLOTTE, March 15.—VP)—A swiftly-spreading fire in a down lorn apartment house brought death »seven persons here early today Seven others were so badly hurl they required hospital treatment. Dozens of other occupants of the ipartment. the Guthery, situated or North Tryon street just a block from the business district, escaped by fleeing in their night clothing into imp, sub-freezing weather. Smoke and flames enveloped the tryon street section of the block bag building when firemen arrived shortly after 1 a. m., to find that many of its residents had already been injured, and some killed, by jumping from the second and third floors. Ladders mreciea Firemen, assisted by city and county policemen, hastily put up ladders, all the time warning men and women in the windows not to leap, and began bringing occupants to the ground. Fireman W. P. Pittman was In jured when a woman jumped from a third-story window and fell upon his back as he was carrying two other women down a ladder. The dead: Mrs. Hazelle E. Martin, manager of a gift shop, and her 21 rear-old son, Edward, a business college student; H. Russell Eley, oil company clerk, and his wife, Mrs. Etta ,M, Eley, 32, a department store employe; Miss Lucy Walton, 43, a private nurse; Miss Rowena Dick ton, 26, of Wilson, and Tommy (Continued On Page Three; Col. 1) CAPE FEAR RIVER FLOOD FORECAST Expected To Reach 32-Foot Stage At Fayetteville Tonight Or Tomorrow TliP oap(, pear river wj]j reaeh wd stage at Fayetteville—from 32 0 33 feet—tonight or early tomor b* morning, the Raleigh weather ™bau informed local weathermen M night, Excessive rains in the watershed "" s‘ven as the reasons for the B% water. Rains came to a halt in Wilming n yesterday and the weatherman bmised fair and slightly warmer ather today. Some frost was fore a for this morning, however. 1 osterdaj' was the first time since all that day and /night were 'Wally lo hr,,,.-.. ,. 5-’a a- m„ and setting at 6:20 ' Weathermen said that this ~ua. early appearance will be up next fall when the real ^ ox "ill be five days late. Tem tj,!|lU'?s J'esterday ranged from a tlthr 64 4° a low of 37 degrees )(;, .e mean five above the normal !3 degrees. Leather! Komi ~ FORECAST ,ir slowu- l!"a nnd Houth Carolina: '/I mtn £‘-nR temperature Satur bleienrnir „ fai.r a'"' "'armer. I,llill8 7:3o^,lcil dala for the 21 hours 1 • in. yesterday). 1=30 a. rn I*1"?*™'"re 5-.47; 7.00 4’*> ‘:30 a. m. 37; 1:30 p. 1D|mum ‘>7. ' ,n- ^ > maximum 04; • - moan 5R; normal 53. a. rn .-""ml'lity ■ 7:30' p.‘ m.‘ 52. *• 72! 1:30 p' I,Hi for o/f-b-bntion £>he; tJ'?ur* "nding 7:30 p. m. "th ]'04 inches. first of the 5 (From For Today 'Coast andVvortn Published by U. “ beodetre Survey.) llmi»gton High Low „2;45a 10:30a ioro Inlet 3:10p 10:25P 6:20a- « 12:24P 6:55p ' :03al n>oin™noe:53a.:2°P: m°°n' W?h, flood*',, r’ver e*Pected to *ht °r ran. : at Fayetteville HWl * tomorrow. U««lUe On I* lafie Threej Col. 4) ————i____—^^»mJl After Pilot Battled Passenger a uaiue net ween two men in the tiny cockpit of a plane 2.000 feet aliove New York Bay ended the plane crashed into Greenyille channel, 800 feet off Jersey City. Pilot Joseph Rosemarin, 38, ushed to Jersey City Medical Center, suffering a head wound, said a passenger he took up from Floyd Bennett field hit him over the head with a pair of pliers. He said he struck back and apparently stunned the passenger but that in the struggle the plane had gone out of control. The body of the un identified passenger rolled out of the cockpit into th e water when the plane was lifted onto a float, where the wreckage is shown. Police startling grappling operations at once. Work Ut Kazing Building For Theatre Is Started REQUIRES SIX WEEKS Contractor McKoy Says He Will Use Local Labor In Erecting Building Work of razing the old Purcell building on North Front street to make way for the construction of a new theatre for Wilmington was started yesterday morning, Henry McKoy, general contractor, of Greenville, S-..C., announced. Demolition work will require about six weeks and work on the new theare building will be started immediately thereafter, Mr. McKoy said. The demolition contract has been sub-let to J. E. Sternberger. The building housed Honnett’s Jewelry and Baxter’s Billiard Par lor. Mr. McKoy said last night that he will use all local labor, with the ex ception of building superintendents, and will purchase all materials for the building in Wilmington. A native of Wilmington, Mr. Mc Koy now lives and operates a con tracting business in Greenville. In discussing plans for the new theatre building, he said it will cost approximately $100,000 and will be one of the finest in this section. The theatre is being built by Wil mington Theatres, Inc., George W. Bailey, president, and is expected to be opened early next September. SCHOOL PROJECTS APPROVED BY WPA Improvements Slated To Be Made At Wallace, Fair mont, Whiteville Funds totaling $62,189 for three school projects in southeastern North Carolina were allocated by the WPA in Raleigh yesterday. The three projects include: An addition to the Wallace school, $27,883; a gymnasium at Fairmont, $27,094; and an industrial arts build ing at Whiteville for $7,212. L j. Jordan, WPA area supervisor here, said last night that work on the Fairmont gymnasium is sched uled to be started on March 30. Work on the industrial arts build ing, which' will be located at the negro high school in Whiteville, will be commenced on March 24, he said. In-all, the WPA approved 12 proj ects yesterday to cost $474,998 and provide work for 1,306 persons. Chief among the new projects is a school at Ruffin in Rockingham county to cost $145,445. Others included Buncombe county, $33,746 for roads; Martin county, $29,040 for a colored school at Far mele, and $31,438 to improve streets and sidewalks at Williamston; Dur ham, $17,122 for a garage at N. c. C. N.; $927 for a waterline at Bre vard; Yancey county, $72«''39 J" roads; Haywood county, *45’739 roads; and Watauga county, ? , • for roads. V.' r__ Export Freight Gain Is Reported By Rails WASHINGTON, March 15.— —VP)—The Association of Ameri can Railroads said today export freight handled through Atlantic and Gulf ports in February was "appreciably greater’’ than in the same months last year. Despite the increase that has taken place in recent months in export traffic, the association said, the movement by rail to the ports is being handled without congestion or delay. It attribut ed this to the cooperation or steamship owners, port authori ties, shippers, and exporters. SHAWCHO N FOR ORATORICi EVENT High School Senior To Rep resent District In Legion Conducted Contest Bynum Shaw, a senior in the New Hanover High school, has been selected as the High school student to represent the Seventh district of North Carolina in the Third annual National High School Oratorical contest, now being held throughout the United States, R- C. MacMahon, commander of Wilmington Post No. 10, American Legion, announced yesterday. A number of students were con sidered from the counties of New Hanover, Bladen, Brunswick, Col umbus and Pender, but Shaw was adjudged the most outstanding, Commander MacMahon said. The first competitive meeting of students selected from eastern North Carolina will be held on Wed nesday night, March 27 at Dunn, when Shaw will deliver his oration on the Constitution of the United States. The winner of that contest will compete against the winner of (Continued On Page Three; Col. 6) TEMPORARY PORT TIE-UP EFFECTED Walkout Staged Here When Longshoremen, Operators Strike Snag At Parley A temporary tie-up of shipping was affected in the port of Wil mington yesterday when longshore men of the city staged a walk-out after negotiations on the annual contract between the workers and the operators struck a snag at a conference yesterday morning. However, last night both union representatives and shipping inter ests alike stated that they expected all longshoremen to return to work today as no trouble is expected in adopting the new contract at a conference to be held this morning at 9 o’clock. “It’s nothing serious,” was the way both Alex Hoffman, president of Heide and company, one of the leading shippers here, and V. E„ Townsend, vice-president of the < In ternational Longshoremen’s associ ation, expressed the situation last night. In conversations last night Town send said that the walkout is “only a temporary tie-up due to a misunderstanding” which he said was not serious. “We’ll get togeth er tomorrow morning,” he said. Townsend said that the contract proposed for the coming year is only slightly different from the one in effect here for the past two years. The new contract calls for a slight wage increase. The last contract expired last September 30 but had been extend ed from time to time due to the inability of the parties to get to gether and set a date for drawing up the new contract. Townsend praised the local ship pers as “a fine group of operators” and declared that the misunder standing yesterday morning was no cause for alarm. The Longshoremen's executive last night also stated that the shippers and longshoremen of southeastern United States ports are contemplating setting up a per manent fact-finding committee that (Continued On Page Three; Col. 7) ------i Peace Treaty Approved By Finnish Diet Prime Minister Ryti Warns Country Still In ‘The Greatest Danger’ FINN ARMY RETREATS Leader Explains Why Little Country Agreed To Peace At Russia’s Price HELSINKI, March 15— UP)—1The Finnish diet tonight put its formal seal on the Russo-Finnish peace treaty, approving its stringent terms by 145 votes to 3. uur country, iiKe me wnoie 01 Europe—indeed the whole of west ern civilization—still is in the great est danger," Prime Minister Risto Ryti told the diet in a calm recital which preceded the vote. “No one can say what tomorrow will bring.” “In the same way as we waged war alone; in the same way we concluded peace alone. Only the future can show whether we acted rightly and wisely.” Nine Members Absent The three negative votes were cast by members of Finland’s Swed ish party. Nine other members, who are In the army, were not present to cast their votes. Told by Prime Minister Risto Ryti that “to make peace often calls for more courage . . . than the resort to war,” the parliament deliberated for 2 1-2 hours, then voted. By the time this happened the heartsick and dog-tired armies of Finland had tramped four miles, pressing ahead of them a hundred thousand refugees, along a zig-zag, 226-mile front, leaving behind the rich industrial and farm areas which will, henceforth, lie under the Soviet hammer and sickle. The supreme soviet of the U.S. S.R. is to meet on March 29 to approve the treaty and, perhaps, to set up a new Soviet socialist re public in the territories which Fin land has ceded to Russia—the Ka relian isthmus, parts of northeast ern Finland, an Arctic peninsula and, by long lease, the Hanko area at the mouth of the Gulf of Fin land^ Explaining why Finland agreed to peace at Russia’s price, Ryti (Continue On Page Three; Col. 4) AFL ASKS INCOME BOOSTING ACTION Calls For Expansion Of In dustrial Production To Create More Jobs \ WASHINGTON, March 15—UP>— The American Federation of Labor suggested concerted action by busi ness, labor and consumer groups to day to boost the national income ten billion dollars in 1940 expanding in dustrial production and creating 2, 700,000 jobs for idle workers. In its monthly survey of business t:.j Federation said that such an ex pansion might be brought about by an agreement of the three groups on a course of action. “Such an agreement,” the survey added, “would have to safeguard (Continued On Page Three; Col. 2) Full Of Ideas The idea is—well, the idea is that that umbrella is made of paper which can be cast aside when soiled, and replaced for only ten cents. On the young woman’s feet are non-slip ice slippers. On her right hand is a reflector glove for motorists. These were new gadgets exhibited by the Inventors of America at their Kansas City, Me., convention. COOPER, OTHERS PAY FILING FEES Number Of Candidates For State Offices, Congress Increased To 61 RALEIGH, March 15. — (.Pi — Eighteen men—eleven republicans and seven democrats—paid filing fees today to seek nominations in the May 25th primary. This sudden flood of filers raised to 61 the number of candidates for congressional and state offices, and more are expected to pay their fees before the state board of elections closes its books tomorrow at 6 p.m., the deadline for filing. The board will meet tomorrow to name the 100 county boards of elections. Mayor Thomas E. Cooper of Wil mington paid his $105 today, to seek the democratic gubernatorial nomination, becoming the seventh man to enter the race. Previously no more than four have sought the party’s designation. Two others, Bryant Thompson of Hamlet and Edwin P. Hale of Leaksville, have announced their candidacies but have not filed. Already filed were J. M. Brough ton of Raleigh, A. J. Maxwell of Raleigh, L. Lee Gravely of Rocky Mount, W. P. Horton of Pittsboro, Paul D. Grady of Kenly and Ar thur Simmons of Burlington. George M. Pritchard of Asheville qualified to seek the republican gubernatorial nomination against two previous filers—Robert H. Mc (Continued On Page Three; Col. 2) BRIGGS SAYS EDUCATION IN DEMOCRACY IS ANSWER TO CHALLENGE OF FASCISM RALEIGH, March 15.—(AP) Education in the values and processes of democracy is the answer to the challenge of fas cism and communism, Dr. Thomas H. Briggs, professor of education at Teachers college, Columbia university, told North Carolina teachers tonight. Speaking at the 56th annual meeting of the North Carolina Education association, Dr. Briggs asserted that though no armed force has landed on Amer ican shores, the United States already is in a war against the ideologies opposed to democracy. “And,” he said, "democracy is on tiie defensive. Without a consciousness of danger, with out the mobilization of our forces and without effective weapons, we are enduring a continuous on slaught more threatening because it is not generally perceived ... “However much lack of un derstanding of democracy, lack of devotion to it and apathy ex ist, I am convinced that there is in the public at large a true de votion to the spirit of democra cy, and that when the schools manifest a sincere and intelli gent effort to apply it practical ly to the problems of the nation, the great majority of any com munity will not only applaud the effort, but will also defend it against the protest of any minori ty whose selfish interests make it vocal. “Mosts protests can be defeat ed by the simple expedient of showing that they emanate from a selfishness that is contrary to the general public good. But w’hat is far better in the long run is that the schools have a pro gram of education for democra cy, that it be soundly based on the ideals that have general ac ceptance in the community and that they make this program widely known, not merely that it may have a defense in time of need, but also that it may serve to draw the public into that basic unity which is essen tial for the preservation of the democratic society.” Ur. Briggs spoke at the end of a full day of group discus sions, committee reports and elections by branches of the association. The convention will end to morrow following election of of ficers. According to custom, S. J. Hawfield, principal of the Penderlea school in Pender county, probably will be elevat ed from the vice-presidency to the presidency, and he is unop posed for the post. However, there are three can didates for vice-president—R. W. Carver of Hickory, K. G. Phil lips of Winston-Salem, and M. P. Young of Princeton. Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, speaking tonight, listed the following ten (Continued On Page Three; Col. 3)