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ASSOCIATED PRESS With Complete Coverage of Stale and National News ~~* ESTABLISHED 1867 Hope Of Rescuing 69 Trapped Miners Fades I where 25 Met Death In Train-Truck Crash H m-r-m-iMn nimsmswwsm I ... C. P. Phonephoto ■ A priest moves among the dead and dying administering last rite to some of the twenty-five fruit ■ pickers who were riding in a truck when it was struck by a train near MrAllen, in the worst accident of ^1 Us Tf'.':as history. Women and children were among the dead. "Seventeen others were injured. ■ One of the dying (left) holds his face others manage to raise their heads. They were in search of a job ■ at the time of the accident. I Russia May Demand Free Ports In Norway, Sweden 10 SEEK TRADE PACTS Reds Believed To Feel Need Of Norwegian Harbor On The Atlantic STOCKHOLM, March 17— LP> — Tbp Swedish newspaper Aftonbladet said in a Moscow dispatch tonight Russia was reported to be In tending to demand free trade ports >i Sweden and Norway after ne "otiating a trade treaty with Fin land. The Soviet also planned to ne gotiate for trade treaties with S«cden and Norway, the Dispatch aid. Harbors were not mentioned by aanie but Aftonbladet declared Rus ® felt the need of a Norwegian ll)or olr the Atlantic in case a ™ "at broke out in the Baltic. ne purported Russian plans were “Counted in official circles of the 'o Scandinavian countries. n Oslo, the Norwegian news i 'Fc-' ^’orsk Telegram Byra said Aftonbladet dispatch was not teraed officially in Moscow. figures swelled UJ.NDOX, March 17.-Official res on Royal Air Force losses In"! !!e,led today by the air minis Ito «ntl casualty list, announcing Ijj men bad been killed, three on J °f wounds and eight died serv*ce- The last • previous I. j® mque was issued on March lt,eje.lotal .l^ses now include 242 feed ln„adtlon or missing and be ts,,,. "* 'n action; 137 missing; and 193 r-——-_ .WEATHER >th forecast jMiy n"i-i?tlr|a: ''lo.stly c'oudy, in S Honda,? ,,,glnninS in the moun ?!t and ,rnoon and ending in !ht|S- warnof® Portions Tuesday, ‘'Wed bv e>rrf east portion Monday l'H' data for the 24 hours * P- m. yesterday). •:J0 a , Temperature 7^0 B ,7:3# »• "1..43; 1:30 p. ail&uni 49.1: ln- a&; maximum GG; n*<>an 5t: normal 53. ,'f) a. m Humidity 8;7:3o'p m ,m° a- m-92; 1:30 p .■fata] for Precipitation ?■' Walline?" endi“g 7:30 p. m„ inches. c flrst of the month, Sf4 T'dr' For Today %1»Eton High Low |(. ... 4:40a - 0I1',oro Inlet f':1°p 12:20p s,. , - 2:10a S:49a itM,lSe 6:isa. . 2:40p 9:10p *£?*£*■• moou' Mi"'!!",1? !’tage at Fay feet. Iarrl> 16, at 8 a. m„ '“"'■Hied „n p Two; Col, 6) *._:_ *Champion Grandmother Of U. S.’ Dies In Texas GONZALES, Tex., March 17. —(A>)—Mrs. Mary Skinner, 100, known locally as the “champion grandmother of the United States,” died today in the home she had occupied for 80 years. A count on her one hun dredth birthday disclosed she had 53 grandchildren, 211 great grandchildren and 65 great great-grandchildren. HOPKINS ACCUSED OF FLOUTING LAW Senator Tobey Continues Quarrel Regarding 1940 Census Questions I WASHINGTON, March 17.—UP)— Senator Tobey (R-NH) accused Secretary Hopkins today of “flout ing the law and the constitution by commanding the people to answer illegal questions” in the census and Hopkins 'promptly replied that “I have two honorary law degrees to his one.” “Perhaps the thought might seep through to Senator Tobey as he sits on his judicial throne omnipo tently decreeing what is and what is not constitutional,” Hopkins said in a statement, “that frequently the meaning of the law depends upon what particular lawyer you ask to define' it. Congress and the supreme court have told me what lawyer to consult, and curiously enough, despite his honorary law degree, that person is not Senator Tobey.” Tobey made public a letter to Hopkins calling him a ‘‘bureau crat” who was attempting to sub ject the American people to "old world, autocratic methods” by de manding to know their earnings and income. The newest round in the “battle of the census” came in a reply by the senator to the commerce secre tary’s assertion that ‘‘the spectacle of a United States senator calling for resistance to the authority of government” was a “menace to the processes of self-government. Hopkins had used these words yesterday in criticizing Tobey s dec laration that questions about income were illegal and that no one need answer them, although the law per mits fines and imprisonment for re fusal to answer census questions. “Shades of Hitler and Mein Kampf!” the senator added in a let ter to Hopkins. “Anyone who is able to diminish the ‘self-govern < Continued on Page Twop Col. 81 MANY INCUMBENTS WILL RACE AGAIN Every Office - Holder But One Listed In Precedent Setting Primary RALEIGH, March . 17.— CP) —The list of filers for state and congres sional posts indicates that office holding is nice work if you can get it—every incumbent but one is en tered in the precedent-setting pri mary. The lone exception is Governor Hoeyj and a governor is forbidden by the North Carolina constitution to serve consecutive terms as chief executive. A record field of 10 candidates — seven democrats and three republicans—is running tor Hoey’s post. AJ1 the other incumbents, with the exception of Lieut. Gov. W- P. Horton, are seeking to succeed themselves. Horton is hoping to be promoted to the governorship. Nine incumbents will be nomi nated by the democratic party with out opposition, but only U. S. Rep. John H. Kerr of Warrenton, con gressman from 'the Second district, has neither democratic nor republi can opposition. The other eight are Treasurer Charles M- Johnson of Raleigh, Labor Commissioner F. A. Shuford of Raleigh, Superintendent of Public Instruction Clyde A. Er win of Raleigh, Attorney Genera! Harry McMullan of Raleigh, and Congressman Lindsay C. Warren of Washington, N. C., A. D. Folger of Mount Airy, J. Bayard Clark of Fayetteville and A- L. Bulwinkle of Gastonia. Deadline for filing for state and congressonal jobs was at 6 p. m. yesterday. Candidates for county and legislative posts will have until April 13 to file. The republican and democratic first primaries will be held May 25. There Is certain to be a democratic second primary and, since there are Continued on Page Four; Col. 6) . Every Effort Made To Save Men In Mine Forty-Four Entombed In .West Chamber, Others In Adjacent Works INTERIOR IS WRECKED Deadly Afterdamp Lingers In Ohio Mine Long After Large Explosion ST. CLAIRSVIL-LE, O., March 17.—UP)—The number of men unac counted for in the Willow Grove mine disaster was placed at 69 to day and an official said “hope of reaching them alive is dwindling fast.” "After a careful check it appears 44 men are entombed in the 22-west chamber and 25 others in adjacent works,” reported W. H. McWilliam, public relations counsel for the Hanna Coal company of Cleveland, owners of the mine. The men were trapped by a devas tating explosion shortly after 11 a. m. yesterday. Four others were killed and more than 100 gassed or injured. “Miracle” if Saved John Owens, president of the CIO United Mine Workers of Oi>io, said “It will be a miracle if any of them come out alive.” The company’s general manager, R. V. Clay reported the men trap ped in "22-west” were about three miles from the mine entrance. They were working as a unit. The other 25 were in scattered groups nearby when the explosion struck. "Hope of reaching them alive is dwindling fast,’’ Clay said. "We’re doing everything possible and will spare no effort to get them out.” There were four known dead. Ap proximately 115 others, suffering from gas fumes, were rescued yes terday afternoon and night. John Richards, mine superinten dent, and Howard Sanders, tipple foreman, died after breathing as phyxiating afterdamp gas in a dar ing attempt to free their comrades. H. C. Kelly, member of a rescue crew, identified the two other dead as John Marks, a motorman, and Ralph Sutton. Require Treatment Virtually all of the 115 who came from the blast-shattered tunnels alive required medical attention. A (Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) HOUSING AGENCIES WILL OFFER NOTES Wilmington, With Offer Of $750,000 In Securities, Included On List WASHINGTON, March 17—UP)— The United States Housing Author ity announced today that 25 local agencies would offer $71,231,000 of their securities on the open market between March 26 and April 2 to assist the financing of slum-clear ance and low-rent home projects. The local agencies and their of ferings include: Augusta, Ga., $1,032,000; Char lotte, N. C., $1,783,000; Columbia, S. C„ $1,640,000; Hartford, Conn., $1,100,000; Holyoke, Mass., $620,000; (Continued on Page Two; Col. 8) * Says Goodbye Disclaiming any intention of seek- I ing a divorces, Dolores Del Rio, Mexico-born screen actress, declared she and Cedric Gibbons, movie art director, had separated. Glamorous Dolores moved from their Holly wood home to an unpretentious house in Palm Springs. MANNERHEIM MAY RECEIVE NEW ROLE Paper Suggests He Assume 'Direction Of National Fate In General’ HELSINKI. March 17——The important newspaper Uusi S'uomi suggested today that Field Marshal Baron Carl Gustaf Mannerheim as sume “direction of the national fate in general,” as well as continue as chief of the nation's defense forces. This was the first public pro posal that the field marshal take an active part in governing the re public, but there has been much private talk of this as an emer gency measure during the recon struction period, now that the Fin nish-Russian war is ended. • “Nothing in our misfortune could be more desired than that the'com manding position of the field mar shal would continue, not only in respect to national defense forces but also in direction of the national fate in general,” the paper said. “We do not need a dictator but we do need a commander-in-chief who, by the power of his personal qualities, is capable of thrusting aside all political differences and preserving the nation’s readiness to sacrifice and its fighting spirit, which in our heavy struggle has come forth and which alone can guarantee realization and success of the gigantic program which lies be fore us.” The editorial dealt at' length with Mannerheim’s efforts to strengthen the country’s defenses long before the Russian crisis developed last autumn and declared that events had proved him right. This was the general feeling ex pressed in many private conversa tions. There seemed no doubt about the tremendous admiration and re spect of the Finnish people for the man who also led their fight for independence 20 years ago. The only question was ■whether the field marshal* would* accept a broader role than -that of comman der-in-chief. He has had many op portunities in the- past to become active in governing the republic but never would accept. In the present instance the ques tion has gone no further than the newspaper suggestion and the gov ernment, meanwhile, • was busy pushing reconstruction measures. A new decree' provided that all grain above individual requirements must be given to the government with compensation. *■ Nazi Airmen Claim British Warships Hit Officers Report Much Dam age Inflicted On Ships At Scapa Flow • AIRPORTS ARE BOMBED Raid Causes Britain’s First Civilian Casualties In Aerial Warfare BERLIN, March 17— (iP) —The 42,100-ton British battle cruiser Hood and' the 32,000-ton battle cruisers Renown and Repulse were believed to have been anchored at Scapa Flow when a group of Ger man bombers suddenly raided Bri tain’s anchorage at Scapa" Flow, German fliers declared tonight. Describing how the first German air attack of the war on British land objectives was carried out, three young red-cheeked German fliers told the foreign press their raid “went off on schedule, much like a peacetime parade before a nazi party congress.’’ Although they said the three big gest British warships were believed in the Orkney Island anchorage when they raided it, they could not be sure what ships they hit with their bombs because it-nvas virtual ly impossible to read the names from the air. Command Claims Hits The German command contented itself with a communique merely saying three battleships and one cruiser were "severely damaged’’ and “probable” damage inflicted on two other warships as well. The Orkney island airports of Stromness, Kirkwall and Earth House, and a number of anti-air craft positions were bombed, the command said. The military experts declined to disclose the number of Heinkel 111 type bombers participating, but said the British figures were "about cor rect. There were a few more.” The British said 14 German raid ers took part. Major Fritz Doench, 36 year old air veteran and unit leader, wear ing the Iron Cross, said the Ger mans had known for days that the (Continue On Page Three; Col. 4) HATCHBILL FACES . BATTLE IN HOUSE ‘Clean Politics’ Measure Is Expected To Be Passed By Senate Today WASHINGTON, March 17—m— A stormy road lies ahead of the Hatch “clean politics” bill in the house if, as both its friends and foes expect, it passes the senate tomorrow. Informed sources said the strategy of house opponents would be to keep the measure bottled up in the judiciary committee. Both Speaker Bankhead and Majority Leader Rayburn (D-Tex) are reliably reported to be opposed to it, although they have refrained from comment, pending the senate’s action. Bankhead opposed the original Hatch Act putting restraints on political activity fey ^federal em (Continued on Page Two; Col. 6) MOVEMENT TO INCREASE RELIEF FUNDS PLAGUES SOLONS ADVOCATING ECONOMY By JACK BELL WASHINGTON, March 17.— (m—A movement to increase relief funds above budget esti mates developed today to plague congressional economy advo cates already resigned to seeing budget figures for farm appro priations raised. Senator Murray (D-Mont) a leader in the movement, dis closed that he had urged Presi dent Roosevelt to send a special message to congress recom mending an increase over the approximately $1,000,000,000 for the WPA in the new budget estimates, y ^, - Murray said the President lis tened sympathetically to his ar guments that if unemployment conditions did not reverse their present trend, additional funds would be necessary. The WPA announced last week that the present 2,300,000 enrollment would be reduced 700,000 before July 1. Congres sional leaders have understood that if only $1,000,000,000 is made available for the next year, approximately $500,000 000 less than tlje current period, WPA’s enrollment must be re duced 600,000. Murray said he thought that the relief appropriations under the new budget .should be at least as large as this year’s. He was supported in this stand by Senator Pepper .(D Fla) who expressed the opinion that few, if any appropriations, were more imperative. Most congressional observers believed that . the $922,864,668 farm appropriations bill, sched uled for consideration in the senate tomorrow after disposal of the Hatch “anti-politics” measure, would win final con gressional approval without substantial change. Carrying ap , propriations of $133,935,000 above ! the budget estimates, in addi tion to $90,000,000 in loans, this bill virtually would wipe out all the savings thus far effected by congress in considering supply measures. Some senators have talked of cutting enough off defense ap propriations to balance the farm increase, but Senator Thomas (D-Okla), chairman of an ap propriations subcommitee in charge of the war department military bill, said the Presi dent’s estimates ou defense (Continued on Page Two; CqL 5). AXIS LEADERS TO MEET NEAR BRENNER PASS i -3 British Airplane Crew Escapes After Landing In Germany By Mistake WITH THE ROYAL AIR FORCE IN FRANCE, March 17. —(/P)—A young British flight lieutenant told correspondents today how he landed his bomb er in Germany by mistake and then successfully brought it back to his home base after dis covering the error. The officer said he believed he was near his own airdrome ' when he dropped through the clouds at dawn and landed in an open field. Peasants ran to the plane as the crew climbed out, and the officer asked: “This is France, isn’t it.” “No, sir, this is Germany,” a peasant replied. “The frontier is 25 kilometers (about 16 miles away.” The pilot and his crew jump ed back into their ship and took off just as several more men ran into the field and began firing at the plane. LOBBYING CHARGE VOICED BY COOPER Says Several Candidates ‘Most Powerful Lobby ists’ In N. C. History GREENSBORO, March 17.—UP)— A charge that several of the guber natorial candidates are "the most powerful lobbyists the state of North Carolina has ever known” was made by Thomas E. Cooper, mayor of Wilmington, candidate for the democratic nomination for gov ernor, who was a visitor here today. “The are selling the birthright of the people of North Carolina through the establishment of ex pensive campaign organizations for which, should any of them be elected, the people of North Caro lina will have to pay,” he stated. “Every candidate setting up head quarters in the Sir Walter hotel is a lawyer, and among those lawyers are some of the most powerful lobbyists the state of North Caro lina has ever known, according to the. records of the secretary of state,” the candidate with the “gold en rule platform,” stated. Mayor Cooper scorned the elaborate head quarters set up of the “Raleigh gang” claiming his own campaign to be one of a poor man. Mayor Cooper said he would cam paign in the Piedmont and western sections of the state in a “sound truck” starting about March 28, “covering the west like the moun tain dew.” The mayor expressed confidence that he had the east “sevred up.” Charging some of the other candi dates with lobbying, the Wilming ton mayor who also is commissioyer of public safety in that city, ex plained, "the ‘kingfish’ of the lobljy ist candidates even lobbied to kegp insurance rates up and lobbied against our home stores, supportiij* the .chain store system. MEET OF FORUM SLATED TONIGHT Walker To Discuss Need Of Junior Chamber Of Com merce In Wilmington A committee will be appointed to investigate the possibilities for a recreation center for Wilmington’s youth at the meeting of the Youth Open Forum to be held tonight at 8 o’clock at the Y.M.C.A. Joe Freedland will preside. H. L. Walker will make a short talk on the need for a Junior Cham ber of Commerce in Wilmington, and following his talk, the floor will be opened for talks pro and ton by other members of the or ganization Similar treatment will be given a discussion on forestry and conser vation by Oscar D. Mead. Following the talks, the various persons in attendance will be asked to take the floor and express their opinions concerning any subject and ask the opinions of , any other members, _ ' IL DUCE LEAVES ROME Speculation Raised Wheth er Peace Move Involv ed In Rendezvous WELLES IS IN ITALY; U. S. Official Expected To Know Results Of Meet Before He Sails ROME, March 17.—UP)—Premier Mussolini, accompanied by Foreign Minister Count Galeazzo Ciano, de parted suddenly today for a meet ing with Adolf Hitler which a re liable source said would occur on Italiaii soil near Brenner pass. (An official announcement in Ber lin said Hitler and Mussolini would confer tomorrow morning at Bren nero, on the Italian side of the Brenner pass. Reliable sources said they would meet at 10 a. m. (4 a. nr„ EST). II Duce’s sudden and unannounc ed departure, after his talk yester day with Undersecretary Sumner Welles, raised intensive speculation whether a peace move was involv ed in the rendezvous of the Rome Berlin axis partners. Departs yuietiy The train bearing the premier and his foreign minister son-in-law pulled out of the Rome station at 1:30 p. m. (7:30 a. m„ EST) but it was several hours before word leaked out of his departure or of his meeting with the German fuehrer. Observers connected the Musso lini-Hitler meeting with the visit of President Roosevelt’s envoy and tho call German Foreign Minister Joa chim von Ribbentrop paid to Rome last week-end conferring with both Mussolini and Pope Pius XII. It was noted that since Welles is staying in Rome until Tuesday Mussolini would have time for a quick consultation with Hitler and return to report results before the American undersecretary of state departs Wednesday. Also with I! Duce went his priv ate secretary, the head of the cabi net of the ministry of foreign af fairs, Filippo Anfuso, and other functionaries of that ministry, and on the same train, it was believed, was the German ambassador to Italy, Hans Georg-Viktor von Mac kensen. Last Visit Hitler’s last trip to Italy was in May, 1938, when he made an offi cial visit to Rome, returning one Mussolini made to Berlin the pre vious September. The axis partners met again in Munich in Septem ber, 1938, when the dismemberment of Czeeho-Slovakia began. Since then their foreign minis ters and other aides have exchang ed frequent visits to communicate views between Rome and Berlin. Welles learned of Mussolini’s plans to meet Hitler in his conver sations with II Duce and Count Ciano yesterday. Most diplomats believed Musso lini and Hitler would discuss th* possibility of a move toward peace which would be made by II Duce if the prospect seemed at all prom ising. One well-informed source, in dis cussing the prospects for a success ful “peace offensive," said they were ‘‘not very hopeful,” since (Continued On Page Three; Col. 2) Don't Drive Your • Livestock To Market.. *. — I'll Send a Cash Buyer Out to Your Farm 1 contact those people who want to buy livestock, WHEN they are ready to buy. I wili recommend your offer to 50,00t readers of the Star and News, some of whom are in the mar ket for what you have. Call 2800 and ask for the Classi fied department and I will start to work for you in the very next issue of the Star or News. Charge Your Ad ----) .