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WILMINGTON Served by Leased Wire of the And Souiheaslern North ASSOCIATED PBESS Carolina With Complete Coverage of State and National News TUESDAY, MARCH 26, 1940 jf * ESTABLISHED 1867 PRESSURE FOR BRITISH CABINET CHANGES GROWS + .oO + - + + ± ± ± -l. -* Reduction In Size Of Body Is Suggested Concentration Of Econom ic And Military Power In Fewer Hands Proposed PRESS SOUNDS CALL Question Of Including La bor Representation Is Being Considered By EDWIN STOUT LONDON, March 25.—(#)—Pres sure grew heavier today for a re built government, concentrating the nation’s economic, maritime and mil itary power in fewer hands. A war cabinet of five ministers, instead of the present nine, was suggested. The question of changes ranked as high in interest among the Brit ish as the details of the war itself. Only the reported discovery of a new German aerial torpedo chal lenged politics as the first concern of thousands getting ready to re turn to work tomorrow after an ex tended Easter holiday. Demands sounueu Outspoken demands for "bold and far-reaching changes” were sound ed in the press. The London Star quoted “well-informed political cir cles” as saying a five-man cabinet would be formed to replace the present nine-man group. Under this plan First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill would gain a greater voice; speaking for the land, sea and air forces as well as the ministries of supply and ship ping. The five man cabinet would bo composed of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, Churchill, Chancellor of the Exchequer Sir John Simon, Foreign Secretary Lord Halifax and Lord Privy Seal Sir Samuel Hoare. The present war cabinet, formed Sept. 3, 1939, the day Britain de clared war on Germany, and re organized Jan. 5 when War Minister Leslie Hore-Belisha was ousted, in cludes the above five and these four as well: Air Minister Sir Kingsley Wood, War Minister Oliver Stanley, Minister Without Portfolio Lord Hankey and Minister for Coordina tion of Defense Lord Chatfield. Question Considered The question of including labor representatives in the government was reported to be under consider ation. Left-wing sentiment found expres sion in a resolution adopted at a conference of the National Union of Shop Assistants, Warehousemen and Clerks at Birmingham. Approved 86 to 57, the resolution favored ending the war and ousting the Chamber (Continued on Page Two; Col. 6), ACTIVITY BOOSTED ON WESTERN LINE ‘Local Artillery Action/ In fantry Fire Reported By French Command PARIS, March 25.— (JP) —The heavy thud of artillery at several points along the western front to day ended the Easter time cairn. The high command’s evening communique said that in addition, to ‘'local artillery action” there was "infantry fire along the Rhine” and aerial activity. With time working on the side of increasing the new French govern ment’s slender 17-vote majority. Premier Reynaud announced his first speech to the nation would be broadcast tomorrow at 8 P. m. (2 p. m. EST). A plea for national union wa* voiced by the powerful newspaper Le Temps, its editorial warned (Continued on Page Seven; Col. 4) There's Money In Spring House Cleaning Almost every housewife can pick up several dollars with out going outside her own home. Make a complete inventory of your home when your Spring Cleaning starts, and see how many things you would be willing to part with. You can sell anything of value that you possess through Star-News Want Ads. Call 2800 to start your Want Ad. Charge It. Freezing her Continues Here -*- ..._ ' ._ _* Temperature Drop Breaks 17-Year Mark Minimum Of 24 To 28 De grees Is Forecast For City This Morning SKIES will be clear Midwest Receives Promise Of Relief From Wave Of Low Temperatures Hitting the skids into the freez ing zone Sunday night, the mercury nnt farther on its downward niunge last night with weathermen expecting a low temperature of from ■j [„ ;8 degrees early this morning. A 29-degree low Sunday night broke a 17 year record for Wilming lon, weathermen said. The previous iw for this section at this time of Jiarch was 29 degrees in April of IS. Weathermen are unable to say low long the cold weather will con tinue but temperatures are expect ed to rise slightly late today. Skies To Be Fair Today will he fair with moderate northerly winds becoming north east, local weather bureau officials said. Yesterday’s temperatures ranged as high as 42 degrees with the mean !« below the normal of 56 degrees. The mercury started toward the freezing zone early last night and at 11 o'clock stood at 32 degrees. No damage from the sleet of Sun day afternoon and the cold has been reported as yet, although some farm ers expressed the belief that frpst last night, in the event it came, would be injurious to small truck traps now up. Cold weather is being experienced throughout most of the United States, extending from Canada down as far south as Georgia. DIXIE’S SPRING HIT (By The Associated Press) The weatherman last night had a promise of relief from frigid tem peratures for the midwest, but for tie south and east he had only a told shoulder. He said that the cold mass of air *hich hovered over areas around •Continued on Page Seven; Col. 4) JUNIOR CHAMBER TO BE ORGANIZED Meeting Of Young People To Be Conducted At Y. M. C. A. Here Tonight Mont 1a0 young men and women *f* 5J!Peeted to gather tonight at 8 “*ck at the Y. M. C. A. for the Purpose of taking preliminary steps '®arii the formation of a Junior ®mber of Commerce. Men and °™en between the ages of 21 and ' Vears are invited to attend. •'umbers of Wilmington’s more “comment business men and civic osiers are promoting the move on and have pledged their sup wt in its Work, it was said. ^ ilmington is the only city In lilt'0 ^ar°i'na having more than ' Population which does not s, e an active chapter of the or ssmzation. ^“Right’s meeting will be devoted ,, ’“e aPPointment and formation ' c°rami'tees, the selection of offi ^-ORtinued ou Page Seven; Col. 4) [weather-| Sort), ^ FORECAST (t i„ C-Rrolina; Fair, slightly warm ilrrnjj e s o a y; Wednesday increasing bin , ‘lnd warmer followed by *“ west portion. biiinleo-;r.a,l08ical data for the 24 hours s ‘loo p. m. yesterday). 1-sn „ Temperature t. “• 32; 7:30 a. in. 30; 1:3? p. linin',;m, 2® p- ,n- 37; maximum 42; ■' -3; mean 30; normal 50. l:Sn „ Humidity h. 48-a:!”- 89: 7:30 a. m. 87; 1:30 p. ’ ,;o0 p. ni. 46. Total f . Precipitation Iki -“I hours ending 7:30 p. m., binuh total since first of the ’ niches. Tides If or Today ^ilmin-n. High Lo''' * 0,1 -_ 11:35a 6:47a **Jsonk„ - 7:06p or° Inlet _ 9:43a 3:39a >irise,n, 10:16p 3:52P ,!fe W ni ”-®7al sunset 6:28p; mooD moonset 8:05a. atihued 0„ page gevenj Col. 3) * And i'he Boche Said ‘Kamerad’!” . ^ ^ut bursting with jolly pride, the mustachioed French miner 3m® ti? nts. hls f‘rs.t. World "ar experiences to a young British mnnfr J" ™n.ers of„the French village of Lens recently subscribed *he,r small earnings to entertain a group of British sol diers stationed near the town. Liner Mauretania Drops Anchor In Cristobal Bay GREAT SHIP IS DARK Expected To Pass Through Panama Canal Today En Route To Australia CRISTOBAL, Canal Zone, March 25.—(TP)—The 35,739-ton British lin er Mauretania anchored tonight in Cristobal Bay, presumably in prep aration for making transit of the Panama Canal tomorrow. The great ship, which sailed un der sealed orders from New York five days ago, was dark except for her running lights. Presumably she will remain in the bay overnight. Officials Silent The British consul and agents for the ship were silent concerning plans for the Mauretania’s transit of the canal and the ship’s ultimate desti nation, but it was believed generally In the Canal Zone that she was en route to Australia for use as a troop ship. The Mauretania, which ordinarily can carry 1,500 passengers, sailed from New York only one day ahead of the Queen Mary, her big sister. Despite complete secrecy as to the destination of the ships, both were reported in New York to be en route for troopship duty, probably from Australia to the Near East. (Because of her size, the 81,235 ton Queen Mary cannot be taken through the canal and, if she is en route to Australia, probably would go around the Cape of Good Hope.) Lightning Strikes Wing Of Airliner In Flight BILLINGS, Mont., March 25.—OP) Lightning struck the right wing of a Northwest Airlines plane west of Helena today. The plane continued to Billings, where it landed 21 pas sengers and crew of three. Damage was slight. Pilot A. F. Olson said the bolt seemingly “appeared from nowhere” is no electrical storm was visible and radio reception had been good. The fabric covering over the right aileron, which is the movable part cf the wing used in turning the ship, was burned. Fireman Loses Life In Train Derailment CRYSTAL LAKE, III., March 25—(/B—The Chicago and North Western Railroad's passenger train, “The Viking,” was derail ed near here tonight, killing the fireman and seriously injuring the engineer. At least one pas senger was injured. Ai; the coaches of the train, enroute from Minneapolis to Chi cago, left the tracks but only the locomotive overturned. The foreman, Carl Miller of Bara boo, Wis.. was scalded to death. The engineer, Thomas Conway of Madison, Wis., was taken to a Woodstock, 111., hos pital. Railroad officials said Mrs. E. A. Sorenson of Chicago, was slightly injured and some other passengers were shaken up. WILLIAMS FLAYS PHILLIPS’ TACTICS Judge Critical Of Use Of Troops In Battle Over Grand River Dam VINITA, Okla., March 25.—(Ad judge Robert L. Williams wa> sharply critical today of the use ot troops, "modern , dictators" and “power interests” as Gov. Leon C. Phillips, ardent state’s rights advo cate battled with the federal gov ernment over the $20,000,000 Graad river dam. The state unsuccessfully sought dismissal of a federal government restraining order preventing the governor from interferring with completion of the dam. The governor had ordered the PWA-financed dam left open until the state was paid $889,275 as dam ages for state roads to be inun dated. PWA contended an agree ment with a previous administra tion called for a $300,000 settlement Phillips first called out the Na (Continued on Page Seven; Col. 1) Bailey Seeks To Get River, HarborWork Senator Says He Plans To Do What He Can To Have Projects Approved HE WRITES PUBLISHER Explains Projects In New Bill Will Be Selected By Army Engineers Senator Bailey has let it be known that he plans to do what he can lor North Carolina waterways, with Wilmington harbor and the Cape Fear river in mind, at this session jf congress, despite the handicap placed upon rivers and harbors projects by the President, who has said he would veto any large ap propriation for new work. In a letter to R. B. Page, pub lisher of the Star-News, replying to m inquiry as to what the senate pommerce committee proposed to io about Wilmington’s waterway needs, Senator Bailey emphasized that he hopes to get a bill through which will not only authorize need ed work but appropriate necessary Funds for its completion. At the same time, he pointed out that projects in the new bill will be selected by War department en gineers, and voiced a hope that the work here will be on the approved list. Mr. Page’s letter to Senator Bailey, and the senator’s reply follow: Dear senator tsaney: After investigating previous cor respondence between your office and local people relating to legislation authorizing improvements at the Port of Wilmington and on the Cape Fear river, it now appears cer tain that effective effort is not be ing made to have congress approve river and harbor projects here. A serious condition exists at this port due to inadequate turning basins where we have a width of only 600 feet. Ships grounding refuse to come to this port. The people of the lower Cape Fear valley are expecting you to put forth every effort to effect legislation immediately to alleviate the detrimental condition of this North Carolina port. We understand, after making in quiries, that the North Carolina (Continued on Page Seven; Col. 2) CANADIAN REGIME FACES VOTE TODAY Fate Of Liberal Government Hangs In Balance After Eight-Week Campaign OTTAWA, Ont., March 25.—W— The fate of Canada’s liberal govern ment, which rode into power in 1935 with a record majority, hung in the balance tonight at the end of an eight-week election campaign in which the conduct of the Dominion’s war effort has been the major issue. Prime Minister W. L. MacKenzie King, who dissolved parliament last Jan. 25 and summoned the election to silence critics who charged he prosecuted Canada's share of the war (Continued on Page Seven; Col. 5) Hungarian Premier, Ciano Discuss Situation In Southeastern Europe ROME, March 25— C3*>—Hungary s premier, Count Pal Teleky, surveyed the war’s effects and prospects fo southeastern Europe in a talk or nearly two hours today with Foreig Minister Count Galeazzo Ciano pre liminary to an interview with 1 re nder Mussolini tomorrow. Count Teleky was understood in diplomatic circles to have sought in formation on Fuehrer Hitler s talk with Mussolini a week ago. believed that Count Ciano reassured him that nothing had been agreed upon in that meeting to change the Italian ‘‘wait and see attitude ward the European war. It was rumored among diplomat, that Hitler had suggested a rem forcement of Italian troops on the French frontier to divert French divisions from theJMagino lines so that Germany could .aunch a spring offensive there This suggestion was said to have met with the Italian argument that such reinforcements would be hard to justify, confirmation was lacking, but informed Italian circles have in dicated plainly that no action is con templated which might change Italy's non-belligerency. Neutral diplomats also thought that Mussolini entered into no new commitments either for more active aid for Germany in the war or for a rapprochement with Russia with a view toward Rome, Berlin and Mos cow dividing zones of influence in the Balkans. An official announcement after the Teleky-Ciano conference today said merely that the two men had had “a long and cordial conversation.” The French ambassador, Andrew Francois-Poncet, left for Paris today to discuss the present situation with his government, and the Italian en voy in Paris, Ambassador Raffaele Guariglia, called upon Premier Paul Reynaud. Italy’s desire to maintain a neutral peace in the Balkans was reflected in editorial expressions of friendship for Yugo-Slavia which were splashed on the front pages of most newspa pers. The editorials reaffirmed the friendship into which distrust and hostility between Rome and Belgrade were transformed by the Italian-Yu goslav pact of three years ago. The editorials were believed in for eign circles to have been inspired by a desire to reassure the Yugoslavs against fears that Italy might wa t some Yugoslav territory out of the war. Count Teleky is to have an audi ence with Pope Pius Thi isday, im mediately after which he is expected to ret'i^a to Budapest. Visits Here C. YVAYLAND SPRUILL CANDIDATE SPRUILL PREDICTS VICTORY Bertie’s Colorful Senator Talks With Mayor Cooper While In The City “After 1910 the Department of Agriculture will again be in the hands of a real dirt farmer,” pre dicted Bertie county’s Senator C. Wayland Spruill, candidate for com missioner of agriculture, as he stop ped at the Wilmington hotel last night. “After the election my opponent wiir‘be singing 'When the moon comes over the cowshed, I’ll be milk ing my cows once again,' ” the sen ator said as he waved a big brown cigar. He is probably better known by his all-encompassing paraphase: "From the rippling waters of Chowan to the windswept shores f Dare.” As to what he plans to do for the farmers, he said “If I am elected commissioner of agriculture I shall immediately call a meeting of the Farm Council and let it decide what steps I shall take toward the elim ination of duplication in the work of the department and the work being done by the State college service.” Senator Spruill said the taxpayers are paying two separate agencies for the same services. For instance, he said, the Depart ment of Agriculture may te carry ing on experiments in seed raising (Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) NIGGERHEADROAD WORK REQUESTED County Board Makes Plans To Call On State For High , way Improvements At a short meeting of the county commission yesterday afternoon, plans were made to request the State Highway and Public Works commission, to make improvements to the Nigger Head road on the west side of the river. The board took the action follow ing complaints from residents of that section to the effect that the road is mipassable at times. After reading and approving the monthly report of the James Walk er Memorial hospital, which show ed- a deficit of $21.33, and the report of the grand jury, the meeting was dosed. ELECTED PRESIDENT PINEHURST, March 25.— (/P) — Norwood Johnson of Pittsburgh was dected tonight president of the Tin Whistles club, an organiation of veteran golfers of this winter lolony. The European War Situation (By The Associated Press) LONDON — Pressure grows heavier for new war govern ment, suggest inner cabinet of five ministers instead of nine. PARIS — Thud of artillery ends Easter cahn on Western Front; Premier Reynaud meets Italian ambassador for first pri vate conference with Mussolini's envoy. ROME — Hungary’s premier confers with Foreign Minister Count Ciano; French ambassa dor leaves for home to report on Italy’s position Drive On ‘Jaywalkers’ Begun As Survey Shows Need Of Campaign Here In an effort to cut traffic in juries in Wilmington during 1940, the city police department, effective today, is declaring war on "jaywalkers” and other traf fic rules violators, Chief Joseph C. Rourk said yesterday. The need for such a drive was shown yesterday afternoon when a survey of the downtown traf fic situation revealed the follow ing faets: 1. During a 10-minute period in the late afternoon, 17 people “jaywalked” at the corner of Front and Chestnut streets. 2. During a similar period of time, 29 people violated this traf fic rule at the corner of Front and Princess streets. 3. In the same 10 minutes, a total of 29 persons violated other pedestrian traffic rules at Front and Chestnut. 4. In the same 10 minutes, a totai of 38 people violated other traffic rules at Front and Prin cess stree'ts. “Any one of these traffic rule violations,” the chief said, “could have easily resulted in an injury or death, and the person injured could not blame anyone but him self.” The chief issued an urgent ap peal to all Wilmingtonians to co operate with the department in eliminating these dangers. He mentioned plans being de veloped by the department for staging a concerted drive against these lawbreakers in the near (Continued on Page Seven; Col. 4) George Millis Scheduled ToGoOnTrialTomorrow FACES MURDER CHARGE Boyd Given 8 To 10 Years For Bigamy By Judge J. Paul Frizzelle EITRGAW, March 25 — George Millis, 32-year-old Hampstead white man, will go on trial in Pender county superior court here Wednes day morning for the shotgun and ax slaying of W. A. (Bill) Hudson, 69 year-old recluse of Hampstead, early in February. District Solicitor David Sinclair has announced that he will ask the death penalty. Venire Ordered Judge J. Paul Frizzelle, of Snow Hill, today ordered a special venire of 50 men for jury duty at the trial, which is expected to last two or three days. Hudson, a fish dealer, was found fatally shot and beaten about 100 yards from his home February 7 by a searching party organized after he had been missing from his home for several days. On February 10. Sheriff Jack T. Brown reported, Millis confessed he had slain the man and robbed him of $11. Millis, Brown said, told officers he and Hudson were in the woods to the rear of Hudson’s home when, while the elderly man was marking a tree to be felled, Millis shot him and then struck him in the head with an axe. Millis was quoted as saying he and Hudson had been drinking prior to the trip into the woods. Boyd Sentenced A number of minor cases were tried in court today, with Alton Boyd, white, receiving the longest sentence of the day when Judge (Continued on Page Seven; Col. 3) COM DIAN BURNS SI] D FOR $70,000 Hoge Says He Was Forced To Sign Denial Clearing Burns Of Charges LOS ANGEI.ES, March 25—(TP)— Comedian Bob Burns was sued for $70,000 damages today by Daniel W Hoge, who charged he was kidnaped from his Wilmington home, Dec. 29, 1938, and forced to sign a denial that Burns had alienated the affec tions of his wife, Willie Bernice Hoge. Hoge charged that the defendants, who include Jacob H. Karp, ten John Does, two Jane Does and Paramount Pictures, Inc., forced (Continued on Page Seven; Col 7) Rev. Jackson Will Be Consecrated On May 1 NEW ORLEANS, March 25.— (AP)—The Rev. John Long Jackson, Charlotte, N. C., his election as Episcopal bishop of Louisiana approved by a major ity of the bishops of the church, will be consecrated in Christ Ca thedral May 1. The Rev. Sidney L. Vail, ar rangements committee chairman, said the date had been set after receipt of word of the bishops' action, last formality required. The new bishop succeeds the Right Rev. Janies Crailt Morris, who resigned more than a year ago. PATENTS RULING GIVEN BY COURT Decides Owners May Not Extend Legal Monopoly Nor Fix Prices WASHINGTON, March 25—(S’)— In a far-reaching decision, the su preme court ruled today that patent owners may not extend their legal monopoly to control their products after they reach the dealers, and specifically may not impose restric tions that fix prices. The case in point involved the Ethyl Gasoline corporation, but Thurman Arnold, assistant attorney general in charge of anti-trust prosecutions, said that it went "far beyond the oil industry’’ and was "the most important decision on the subject of the use of patents to re strain trade that has ever been handed down by any court.” In its unanimous decisioy, the court held that the Ethyl 4>rpora tion was violating the SiiSrmcn Anti-Trust Act by its system of li censing 123 refiners to make anti knock fuel with its patented tetra ethyl lead fluid. Tlih 123 refiners handle 88 per cent of all gasoline sold in this coun try. The licenses impose various re strictions upon their use of the fluid one of which provides that the anti knock gasoline must be sold at a certain fixed price increase over other fuel. Jobbers are required to apply for licenses through the re finers. The decision, written by Justice Stone, said that these licenses went beyond mere protection of the Ethyl patent monopoly and gave the cor poration "dominion over the jobbers' business” and control of prices. "By the leverage of its licensing contracts resting on the fulcrum of its patents,” Stone said, “it has built up a combination Capable of use, and (Continued on Page Seven; Col. 5) Outstanding Psychologist Writes Feature For Star By MADELIN BLITZSTEIN NEA Service Correspondent Dr. Donald A. Laird, Ph.D., Sc.D., handsome, graying goateed veteran of college lecture halls and experi mental laboratories was named yes terday as the next celebrity to join the staff of The Wilmington Morn ing Star, to contribute a series of 18 special articles on questions of modern psychology and living. First of Dr. Laird’s short daily discus sions ‘‘Does It Pay To Tell About Our Trobules?” appears today on the editorial page. Dr. Laird is no “ivory-tower” pro fessor who spends his time with long-worded theories, and he looks offended if someone asks him what practical application there is to modern psychology. As a matter of fact, Dr. Laird, who was graduated from the Uni versity of Dubuque, Iowa, some years ago. and who was engaged in giving mental tests in the United States navy during World war No. 1 to detect men who had mental pe culiarities, is, in his own words, a “peace loving psychologist interest ed in doing research that will help people get along” rather than in ar guing with this or that psychologist about his pet theories. Like Mr. Dooley, Dr. Laird be lieves that if it works, there is (Continued on Page Four; Col. 5) l!