Newspaper Page Text
— i.'y f r - . - ~ il
Dedicated To The Progress Oi . .. T , ~ | WILMINGTON Served by Leesed Wire or ibe And Southeastern North t AJ * ®CIATEpD PBESS Carolina Wlth ComPlele Covera9e of L_' Stale and National News VOL 73—NO. 182 ' --------- I-—--- - -fr +_ESTABLISHED 1867 BULLITT AND KENNEDY NAMED IN DOCUMENTS; DENIALS ARE ISSUED - +_* - HULL SAYS NOT TRUE Roosevelt Declares Propa ganda Should Be Taken With Grain Of Sait OTHERS DENY CHARGES Pittman Says Germany Is Seeking To Stir Up Op position To President WASHINGTON, March 29—UP)— A series of sharp denials tonight greeted Germany’s publication of documents purporting to show that the United States helped bring on the European war. Secretary of State Hull issued a statement saying that he did not place’“the slightest credence” in the diplomatic conversations mentioned in the documents and that the papers did. 'not represent ”in any way” the foreign policy of the Unit ed States. A few hours after President Roosevelt had told reporters that propaganda from Europe should be taken with several grains of salt. William C. Bullitt, American ambas sador to France, and Count Jerzy Potocki, Polish ambassador to the United states, issued formal denials of the statements attributed to them in the documents. Bullitt Statement Bullitt, who was alleged to have told Potocki that the United States would enter the war against Ger many if Great Britain and France “bestirred themselves,” said; “The president has already in dicated that propaganda of this na ture should be taken with several grains of salt. “This particular piece of propa ganda should be taken with even more salt. I have never made to anyone the statements attributed to me.” Potockis’ statement; “The publication by the German government of pretended documents from the Polish foreign office is obviously for propaganda purposes. I deny the allegations attributed to my reports. "I never had any conversations with Ambassador Bullitt on Amer ica’s participation in war.” Hull issued this statement: “The press, this evening, carries the report of the issuance by the German foreign office of a white book containing documents alleged to have been found in the archives of the Polish foreign office in War saw and purporting to contain ac counts of conversations held by policy officials with diplomatic of ficials of the United States. “I may say, most emphatically, that neither I nor any of my as sociates in the Department of State have ever heard of such conversa tions as those alleged, nor do we give them the slightest credence. The statements alleged have not represented in any way at any time the thought or the policy of the American government.” "Two Grains Of Salt” President RooseVelt, at his press conference, said he thought every body should take with a grain of salt any propaganda that is put out in Europe today. He then amended (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) Ambassador Kennedy Declines To Comment On German Reports LONDON, March 30—(Satur day)— —United States Am bassador Joseph P. Kennedy de clined today to comment on the documentation of alleged Polish diplomatic reports released by the German foreign office. Kennedy had a long talk yes terday with Lord Halifax, the British foreign secretary. The subject was not disclosed. Most of the national press carries accounts of the Berlin documents on inside pages this morning, along with President Roosevelt’s comment that Eu ropean propaganda should be taken with three grains of salt. A typical caption over the story was; “i.azis Now Say U. S. A. Caused War.” I " " ' -- MOLOTOFF VOICES NEUTRALITY WISH Says Russia Wants To ‘Re frain From Any Partici pation In The War’ MOSCOW, March 29. — UP) — Pre mier-Foreign Commissar Vyacheslaff Molotoff proclaimed tonight Soviet Russia’s desire to “maintain our neu trality and refrain from any partici pation in the war” in Europe, but flatly warned the western allies that they are “playing with fire” with their armies in the Near East. He declared Russia does not intend to wrest her lost province of Bessa rabia from Rumania “by war.” In a speech critical of Britain and France and with some thrusts at the United States, Molotoff told the supreme Soviet, Russia’s legislature, that the Soviet Union "will continue our policy whether anybody likes or dislikes it.” High points of his review of for eign policy and international develop ments included: The United states—Russian-United States relations "have not improved of late” but they “have not become worse unless we take into considera tion the so-called moral embargo against the Soviet Union which, now that peace with Finland has been concluded, is devoid of any signifi cance.” Great Britain and France—“they do not like our policies. They want us to fight Germany in order to further their imperialistic aims. The U. S. S. R. will never be a tool of any country.” Germany — “Soviet-German rela tions were firmly proved in the Pol ish campaign.” KMJ AMdAMAUUK TO PARIS LEAVES Departs As French Offi cials Enforce New Rules Against Communists PARIS, March 29.—(iP)—Russian Ambassador Jakob Suritz, recalled by Moscow at the request of Prance, left tonight for Bucharest even as French officials enforced new measures against communist propaganda in the Paris area. There was no official send-off. The Soviet envoy incurred French displeasure by filing a telegram to Russian Premier - Foreign Commis sar Molotoff in which he made critical remarks about the Allies after Russia’s dictated peace with Finland. Coincident with his departure, Minister of the Interior Henri Roy ordered transferred from Paris a number of individuals interned as "dangerous to the national defense and public order.” The order was said to apply chiefly to communists. Surits appeared in good humor. The new interior ministry order became known as the trial of 44 communist members of the cham ber of deputies neared its close. V BOMBSHELL EXPLODED Say Bullitt Believed U. S. Would ‘Finish’ War On Side Of Allies ROOSEVELT MENTIONED Germans Claim Roosevelt Wanted To Distract U. S. From Own Problems By EDWIN SHANKE BERLIN, March 29.—UP)—Official Germany tonight exploded a paper bombshell of sixteen documents de clared to have been taken from the foreign office archives of conquered Poland, in which Polish envoys to Washington, Paris and London are quoted as attributing these pre-war beliefs, actions and policies to two American ambassadors and, by in direction, to President Roosevelt: To William C- Bullitt, ambassador to Paris: The conviction that the United States would “finnish” a European conflict on the Allies’ side To Joseph P. Kennedy, ambassa dor to London: A promise to press upon the British leaders “the nec essity of helping Poland at once with cash.” To President Roosevelt (apparent ly the Polish envoy’s own opinion, without any quotation from the President): The desire to distract America from domestic problems and, "by conjuring up a war psychosis and conjuring up danger in Europe, he wanted to persuade the American people ,o accept America’s enor mous preparedness program, a1 pro gram which goes beyond defense needs.” Official German spokesman, in handing out the documentation at the foreign office, limited their com ment to saying the documents "throw an interesting light on the part which American policy played in bringing about the present war.” The l.'azi press, however, accused Bullitt and Kennedy of “using all their influence to aggrevate the at mosphere of hostility in Europe” be fore the war broke out. Press Given Copies All but one of the documents are in typewritten Polish: photographic copies of the alleged originals were (Continued on Page Three; Col. 4) WATERWAYGROUP WILL BE FORMED Interested Persons Invited To Meeting In Washing ton, N. C., April 5 BEAUFORT, March 29.—UP)—Ay cock Brown. Beaufort newspaper man, said today he was mailing letters to 200 eastern North Caro lina persons this week-end inviting them to a meeting at Washington, (Continued on Page Three; Col. 1) LANDLORDS 50,000 people may see your “for rent” ad when it is placed in the Star and News Want Ads. For as little as $1.26 you can run your “for rent” ad in the Star and News for 3 days. Call 2800 To Start Your Want Ad Charge It ~ ~ ^ ^ ^ ^ * * *r *r * * Roosevelt Declares There Is ‘Scant Prospect Of Early European Peace Chief Claims Welles’ Data Is Important Says Trip To Europe Has Resulted In Clarifica tion Of Relations STATEMENT IS GIVEN Information Given By Nazi, British Governments To Be Kept Secret Text of President Roosevelt’s statement on the report of Welles is on page Three. WASHINGTON, March 29.—(-P)— President Roosevelt, breaking the official silence on Sumner Welles' fadings abroad, said today that there was “scant immediate pros pect for the establishment of any just, stable and lasting peace in Europe.” II, .3 : , ,3 4-V. n 4- 4-V. A, information brought hack by his imbassador-at-large would be of She greatest value when the time comes for peace. T lations Clarified In a statement read to his press conference, the chief executive said that Welles’ trip to Rome and the oelligerent capitals had resulted in 'a clarification of the relations be iween the United States and the countries which he visited.” He added that he believed it rouid “assist in certain instances in the development of better un ierstanding and more friendly re ations” and would be “of the great !st value to this government in the general conduct of its foreign lelations." He emphasized again that Welles (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) LOUISIANA STORM LEAVES FOUR DEAD Two Persons Missing, 35 Injured As High Winds Sweep Pierre Park PIERRE PART, La., Marcli 29— Tornadic winds accompanied by a driving rain swept through here at li a. m. today leaving four known dead, two missing, 35 injured and many others believed still buried in debris of the devastated fish in p- villae-e. The dead were Mrs. __ieomede Ereaud, CO, Abner Cavalier, 14, Elma Templet. 14 months, and a Mrs. Templet. The infant was the daughter of Mi' and Mrs. Neuville Templet. She (Continued on Page Three; Col. 8) WEATHER FORECAST North Carolina: Thundershowers an,l continued mild Saturday; Sunday Partly cloudy. (Meteorological data for the 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m. yesterday). Temperature 1:30 a. m. 63; 7:30 a. m. 64; 1:30 p. to; 71; 7:30 p m. 64; maximum 71; to'oimuin 62; mean 66; normal 57. Humidity 1:30 a. m. 95; 7:30 a. m. 94; 1:30 p. &0; 7:30 p. m. 98. Precipitation Total for 24 hours ending 7 :30 p. m. , inch: total since first of the m^nth T40 inches. Tides For Today (from Tide Tables published by U. *• Coast and Geodetic Survey). High Low "ilnungotn _ 3:01a 10:20a „ 3:23p 10:41p Masonboro Inlet _ 1:02a 7:13a 1:20p 7:27p ounrise 6:02a; sunset 6:31p; moon 1Se 0:52a; moonset 11:31a. Cape Fear river stage at Fay ^Iteville, 12.55 feet. C ontinued on Page Three; Col. 7) \ --— -— Mauretania In Panama Crossing ... . 1 . —.■■ . , " —--- ■ I (NEA TelephdfcT. The Cunatd White Star liner, Mauretania, is s hown making the Panama Canal crossing to the Pacific for what many believe will be a job of tra nsporting troops from Australia to the Near East. She reached the canal after a five-day dash from New York. J* Roosevelt Trade Pacts Setup Okehed By Senate _ _ THREE-VOTE MAJORITY Rejects Pittman Plan Re quiring Senate Ratifi cation Of Pacts WASHINGTON March 29—(iP) A three-vote majority in the senate today saved the Roosevelt trade pacts program from an amendment which, administration spokesmen leaders had said, would “nullify” the effort to lower trade harriers bj agreements with foreign nations. By a vore of 44 to 41, the cham ber rejected an amendment by Sen ator Pittman (D-Nev) requiring that future reciprocal trade pacts be submitted to the senate for ratifica tion by a two thirds vote. The defeat of this amendment cleared the way for action next week upon the pending legislation authorizing a three-year continua tion of the present Trade Agree ments Act, under which the admin istration can reduce tariffs as much as 50 percent in return for conces sions from other nations. The agree ments embodying these mutual con cessions are not subject to senate action. Today’s vote encouraged admin istration forces to believe that the continuation bill would go through without difficulty. The decision on the Pittman re solution was taken amid scarcely concealed excitement. After a week (Continued on Page Three; Col. 5) NEW ALL-CHINA REGIME PLANNED Scheduled To Be Launched Today By Opponents Of Chiang Kai-Shek NANKING, March 29.—CSP)—<Chi nese opponents of Chiang Kai Shek’s government and their Japa nese sponsors are ready for the launching here tomorrow of an “all China” regime headed by former Premier Wang Ching-Wei despite scathing denunciations of his “high treason” from Chungking and the wrecking, attributed to guerrillas, of a train bringing officials of the new regime to Nanking. Japanese gendarmes and troops of Wang’s newly organized “Chi nese army” guarded Nanking as he prepared to inaugurate his govern (Continued on Page Three; Col. ~) Prince Obolensky Dies In British Plane Crash LONDON, March 29.—(AP)— Prince Alexander Oboiensky, 24, Russian-born British subject and an international rugby foot ball star, was killed today in a plane accident at a royal airforce airdrome. The prince, a pilot officer in the R. A. F., suffered a broken neck when his plane piled up in landing. He had leave from the R. A. F. to play football for England against Wales early this month and was chosen for a return match April 13. PLUMBING LEADERS INDICTED BY U. S. Industry Is Charged With Conspiracy To Violate Anti-Trust Laws CLEVELAND, March 29. —UP)— The justice department today struck at the plumbing industry nation-wide in an indictment charging 102 de fendants — manufacturers, jobbers and unions—conspired to restrain trade i i violation of anti-trust laws. An end to “unnecessary and cost ly steps” pictured by the indictment would mean a 20 to 25 per cent sav ing to consumers, the government said. It wag the most far-reaching in (C&itinued on Page Three; Col. 1) VESSEL IS SUNK BY NAZI PLANES Also Claimed To Have Scor ed Hits On Cruiser Off English Coast BERLIN, March 30— (Saturday)— (a5)—German planes, operating so close to the British coast that they had to dodge the fire of coastal bat teries, last night sank one ship in a British convoy and “scored a num ber of hits on a cruiser,” D. N. B., the German news agency, said early today. In the second straight night of attack, D. N. B. said, the German planes "sighted a convoy and, de spite the heaviest anti-aircraft fire from ships and coastal batteries, the planes attacked the convoy, sinking one vessel and scoring a number of hits on one cruiser.” One German plane is missing, the report stated. Scouting flights were made throughout the day over the North, Sea, D. N. B. said. In Thursday night’s flights, a high command communique said yesterday, German planes bombed six large merchant ships in a Brit ish convoy off the Shetland Islands. A patrol boat was sunk and one merchantman caught fire, the com munique said. The D. N. B. on Thursday night also reported a French destroyer was bombed in the English Channel. BRITISH ATTACK LONDON, March 29.—(IP)—The rat- j tie and roar of bombing and machine! gunning out at sea wras heard plain- j ly ashore tonight as British fighter planes sped out over the North Sea to repel German planes attackingj shipping off the east coast of Eng-1 land. I Davis Named To Take Over Delano Post Wilmington Official Nomi nated Executive Vice President Of A. C. L. DELANO HEADS BOARD Election Scheduled To Be Held At Meet Of Share holders On April 16 C. McD. Davis, of Wilmington, vice president of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad company, will be nominated as executive vice presi dent of the company, with head quarters here, at the annual meet ing of shareholders on April 16 in Richmond, ya., according to a cir cular letter -concerning proxies re ceivefete shareholders here yester day firtfcrnthe boarcl of directors. The elevation to the executive vice-presidency proposed in April will follow by almost exactly a year the extension of his jurisdiction as vice president to all departments of the system. Lyman Delano, of New York, now holds the title of chairman of the board as well as executive vice-presi dent. He is relinquishing the posi tion as executive vice president but will continue as chairman of the board. Elliott Renominated George B. Elliott, of Wilmington, was renominated for president. H. L. Borden, of New York, was nominated for vice-president in charge of corporate organization, and T. F. Darden, was nominated for vice-president in charge of accounts and freight claims. Nominated to the board of direc tors were: F. B. Adams, New York, N. Y.; L. A. Bize, Tampa, Fla,; F. (Continued on Page Three; Col. 2) CHURCH FREEDOM ISSUE QUESTIONED Action Takes Place During Discussion Of Case Be fore Supreme Court WASHINGTON, March 29.—(&)— Attorney’s contention that religious freedom includes the right to play to Catholics a phonograph record attacking their church was sharply questioned in the supreme court to day by Chief Justice Hughes. The chief justice, son of a Bap tist minister, asked whether Cath olics were not entitled to protection against “scurrilous denunciation of their most cherished faith.” "Is there no limit at all to what you can do when you think you are worshipping God?” he demanded, his voice vibrant with feeling. The case before the court was the conviction of three persons at New (Continued on Page Three; Col. 8) LONDON-MOSCOW DEALINGS ARE HIT AS BRITISH GIVE FRANCE RED SHIPS LONDON, March 29. —(/P)— Relations between Britain and Soviet Russia became increasing ly shaky tonight as the British handed over to their French ally two confiscated Soviet freighters and got ready to round up German ships attempting to dash from the Netherlands East Indies to Vladivostok. Soviet sources, on the other hand, outlining the Russian po sition, emphasized two factors: 1. Foremost, “despite the news papers,” Russia has no political or military commitments with Germany and is not her ally. 2. Russia is eager for “increas ed trade and friendly relations M, ■ with Great Britain,” although no pact is being formulated. But it seems to be evident, the Russian sources added, that Britain and France have em barked on a “treat Russia rough” campaign and that a deliberate attempt is being made to “black en Soviet Russia in the eyes of the British people and the world.” The two Russian merchant men, disposition of which lay at the heart of the controversy, are th~ 2,492-ton Selenga and the 3,972-ton Vladimir Mayak ovsky, released by the British today to the French navy “for administrative reasons” and ex pected to be taken from Hong kong to Hanoi or some other French Indo-China port. The ships, laden with metals such as tin, antimony and wol fram (tungsten) which are vital in the manufacture of munitions and arms, were intercepted in the Far East while en route to Vladivostok. The Vladimir May akovsky came from the United States and Mexico. The British said the French navy has “more bases in the Pacific,” thus is better able to continue contraband examina tion of the vessels. Naval men then took sharp notice of reports that at least , 20 German freighters were get ting set to try a dash from Neth erlands East Indies to Vladivo stok with cargoes meant for Germany. Concerning British - Russian trade, a reliable Russian source here declared: “It is not true that a British-Russian trade pact is being formulated.” “The truth is,” he said, "when Russian Ambassador Ivan Maisky discussed detention of the Russian ships with British under-secretary for foreign af fairs R. A. Butler on Feb. 22 and with Foreign Secretary Lord (Continued on Page Three; Col. 6) j I '