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published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News At The Murchison Building R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher Telephone All Departments 2800 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton N C. Postoffice Under Act of Congress ’ ' of March 3, 1879 Subscription Rates by Carrier Payable Weekly or in Advance Comlina Star News tion 1 Week .5 -20 ¥ .15 ¥ .30 ::::::::::::::::: 3 « li 1 Year .10-40 7 80 15 60 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News___ * By Mail Payable Strictly in Advance Comlina Star News tion 1 Month .¥ -15 ¥ -50 ¥ -90 3 Months . 2-00 1 Year ..!!! .. 8.00 6.00 10 00 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News_ (Daily Without Sunday) 1 Month.¥-50 6 Months .¥3.00 3 Months. 1.50 1 Year . (Sunday Only) 1 Month.¥-20 6 Months .¥1.25: 3 Months. .65 12 Months . 2.50 . Card of Thanks charged for at the rate of ; 25 cents per line. Count five words to line. , ~ The Associated Press i is entitled to the exclusive use of all news stories appearing in The Wilmington Star . SATURDAY, APRIL 6, 1940 Star-News Program Consolidated City-County Government ; under Council-Manager Administration. ' Public Port Terminals. j Perfected Truck and Berry Preserving ( and Marketing Facilities. , Arena /or 5fpor/s and Industrial ‘ Shows. Seaside Highicay from Wrightsville Beach to Bald Head Island. , Extension of City Limits. t 35-Foot Cape Fear River channel, icid- ^ er Turning Basin, with ship lanes into industrial sites along Eastern bank south of Wilmington. £ Paved River Road to Southport, via j Orton Plantation. ^ Development of Pulp Wood Produc- ^ tion through sustained-yield methods . throughout Southeastern North Carolina. g Unified Industrial and Resort Pro motional Agency, supported by one, county-wide tax. j. Shipyards and Drydock. Negro Health Center for Southeastern North Carolina, developed around the Community Hospital. t Adequate hospital facilities for whites. Junior High School. ^ Tobacco Warehouse for Export Buyers. ^ Development of native grape growing throughout Southeastern North Carolina. ^ Modern Tuberculosis Sanatorium. -- TOP 0’ THE MORNING y No two fays' are alike. Before night I will have an opportunity to say an encouraging j word or otherwise to help someone I have never done before. I must be on the alert and not miss the chance when it comes. ^ Charles C. Beckeb LATCHSTRING OUT ” The hope of having President Roosevelt as t a fishing guest at Wilmington and Southport a is stimulated by transmission to the Chief c Executive of the Brunswick County Cham- ‘ her of Commerce’s invitation by Sen. Robert * R. Reynolds. s The President has frequently fished the r Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico and the At- c lantic off Florida. He would widen his ex- r perience and possibly even find a new thrill j if he tried his hand off the coast hereabouts. And he would afford us an enviable and 2 coveted opportunity to show him a good time, c Incidentally, these waters have not been ( fiehed as hard as those of his previous south- 1 ern expeditions. The chances would all be in ( his favor for luck and fun. t m —* I GOOD NEWS Two items o£ news from Raleigh are well calculated to comfort every North Carolinian. One is that the governor has allocated five million, dollars for highway work. The other is that no highway money will be diverted to other uses this year. That so large a sum is to go into improv ing both primary and secondary roads is 1 gratifying. They need to be worked on, and 1 the need is great. The best of our highways j is none too good. Greater width is essential because of the increasing traffic burden. < Curves are too frequent and too sharp, as 1 the engineer department has said. The secondary roads, badly damaged by last winter’s storms, deserve all the work that ' can be done on them. Those who dwell along ‘ their length, and all others who must drive | over them, will welcome the program made i possible by the governor’s action. i If the Old River road is .included in the ‘ projects to be undertaken there will be loud hozannahB from everybody in New Hanover ' and Brunswick counties. The Chamber of Commerce could do a fine piece of work by going to bat for it. By removing the threat of highway fund diversion, Governor Hoey has given occasion for state-wide rejoicing. / IT’S A GOOD TONIC THE Propeller Club’s campaign for Wil mington’s exclusion from the high hurri cane insurance rate has been successful. An nouncement is made that the northern line of the coastal zone has been moved from Moorehead City to Southport. As a result small craft using the inland waterway and the Atlantic will be permitted to visit.Wil mington, Wrightsville and Southport with out imposition of special and costly insur ance during the hurricane season. That there will be a large increase in :raft lingering in these waters throughout ;he summer and fall is a foregone conclu sion. Cruises which heretofore ended farther lorth may now be extended to the Cape Fear •egion without additional insurance cost. It shows what can be done wTien zealous ;ffort goes into a project. When the Star views opened its columns for suggestions upon vhich to base its program for progress, vT.oyD Cox, Jr., of W’rightsville, and W. B. <eztah of Southport proposed that effort be nade to contract the hurricane insurance :one so that, in the one case "Wilmington and n the other, Southport, be excluded. The Dropeller Club took up the fight and won it. Of even more importance than the saving o yachtsmen, great as that is, is the demon itration thus provided that Wilmington can ;et what it goes after. It means that other irojects of prime value in putting Wilming on ahead require only the type of effort nade by the Propeller Club to assure success. The club has given Wilmington the tonic t needed. A USELESS TEMPEST We find it hard to get hot and bothered, s some of the senators did, because On ario’s attorney general, Gordon Conant, said n an address to his own people that Cana ians should do all they can to “enlist the ctive support of the United States in the ause of the Allies.” Naturally Canada wants this country's help, 'he armies and resources of the United itates would have a tremendous influence on he war abroad. Possibly it would be a de iding influence, assuring victory for the Jlies. And it is equally natural that a Canadian fficial should put that desire into words, 'ree speech is one of Canada’s privileges, as rell as ours. There is nothing in the fact rat a high provincial official speaks out r meeting on a subject close to the heart of very Canadian to stir a tempest in the sen te at Washington. Nor is there any good reason for a mem er of that august group, particularly a oung member, still unseasoned, like Mr. Iolt of West Virginia, to claim it stemmed rom our minister’s untimely public fleclara ion of sympathy for the Allies. Mr. Crom well, like Mr. Holt, is new to his job and as not learned the value of silence. He was uilty of an indiscretion, and was properly ebuked. But Mr. Holt is equally indiscreet nd merits rebuke as much. There is no more reason to resent Mr. onant s speech than to make an outcry ■hen the child of the family demands sweet otatoes instead of spinach. -QUALITY FOR TRUCK FARMERS North. Carolina has a strong delegation in Washington in the interest of truck growers. With cooperation from senators and members f the house, it is reasonable to expect the isit to the national capital to be fruitful. Complaint is made that because of the cur iilment of the tobacco acreage and more nd more cotton planters turning to new rops, the vegetable output of the state is i danger of overproduction, and that if there i no revision of present acreage allotments le growers of truck will go up against a Bason of heavy loss. Effort is directed to estore the 1937 and 1938 acreage and to in rease the withdrawal payments which are ow said to be far below the rate on com eting crops. Surely there is nothing in this that the gricultural department can find unreasonable r unjust. Certainly the department is inter stcd in seeing all farmers given equal ad antages. Its support should be a foregone onclusion for any legislation proposed by he North Carolina delegation by which truck ;rowers will receive the same treatment as ither farmers. Editorial Comments From Other Angles WHEN THE EAw IMPINGES UPON PERSONAL LIBERTY Charlotte Observer There is an opinion in this country that the merican tradition of freedom of the mind has ieen sorely shocked and violated by the com sou °\ Vhe courta that Dr- Bertrand Russell nan not be allowed to teach in the City Col ege of New York. , T^ia °Plnl°n rests upon the premise that the constitution of the United States, which is the lasis of all law and of all courts, has studi ,us ^ souffht to safeguard this elemental prin iple of Individual liberty. The Observer is quick to confess that It tould have been far more salutary and whole ome if this unhappy case could have been landled outside of the courts: if the authori les of this institution themselves had disposed 1 the issue without having been forced by ecourse to law to do what their conviction l,nd conscience should have led them to do in he first place. Objection to the placement of Dr. Russell on te faculty of this college should have been mplemented by institutional' rather than by egai action. ln t,ie absence of such institutional pro libition, and considering the desirability of teeping such a mischef-making professor out >f the college, tt does occur to us that the end ustifie'd the means. Thats what the law is tor, after all—to step in and coerce in cases where tne iniiviau&i | or collective will or conscience of society breaks down and defaults in an obvious obligation. Freedom—every freedom of the human body, the human mind and the human spirit is relative when an individual or an institution adopts policies, in the name of this principle, which clearly involve public damage. When individual liberty, under the Constitu tion, indulges in the excesses of individual li cense, the guarantees of the Constitution are automatically nullified. The public good is always transcendent to the desires and determinations of the individ ual or the institution in an orderly society of the whole. What fundamental claim to the protection of Constitutional guarantees has a man like Dr. Russell to advance in setting out openly, blatantly and proudly to impose upon the young minds of an educational institution his seditious, pagan and immoral views when such views are directly contrary to the established order and standards of morals and knowledge which have been accepted by American so ciety? Has he any more right to pour poison down into the minds of these young people in the name of academic freedom than he would have to plant typhoid fever germs in the water which these students are drinking, in the name of his Constitutional civil liberties? > 1 ' - — > iw ' i “ I WASHINGTON DAYBOOK By JACK STINNETT WASHINGTON, April 5.—The census-takers are certain of one thing: They’ll find more persons nine years old in the United States than any other age. In 1930, the greatest nu a ber of persons the same age was found in the eight-year-old class, but it's moved up a year since then. Note to the Linton Chamber of Commerce, Greene county, Indiana: You may lose the dis tinction of being the center of population in the United States. Estimates here are the pop ulation center will move 5 to 40 miles south and west. That might throw it into Sullivan or Knox counties; or even across the state line into Illinois, say in Crawford, or Law rence counties. If you’re good neighbors around there, maybe you can show the folks how to make the most of their “Heart of America” publicity campaign. If Horace Greeley were saying it today, he probably would put it this way: “Go west, young woman, if you want to get married.” The percentage of men to vTimen is far great er in the w-estern states. Arizona, Nevada, Wy oming, Montana, Idaho all are prime "marriage states," with the surplus males running some thing like this: In Montana, 127 men to every 100 women; in Nevada, 123 to 100. As for cities, new industrial centers, like Detroit, are good marriage towns. San Francisco is another one. But stay away from Hollywood and Wash ington if you’re out to catch a husband. The odds there are against you. • * « Bad News * or Women While we are on the marriage subject—the 1940 census certainly is going to contain bad news for the ladies. For about 30 years, the surplus of males in the country (once well over 2,000,000) has been steadily declining and this year probably will drop to half a million. Although in an aging civilization, there are (and don’t ask me why) more male babies than females born, the rate of "consumption” Is greater for the men. More men die from accidents and disease. Add to this, the declin ing immigration, which always is predominant ly male, and you have the answer. Observers are “viewing with alarm." They say if the trend continues, there’ll be more women than men in the country before 1950. Instead of men hunting wives, it will be women hunting husbands. A little thing like that can turn the social pattern of a nation upside down. * * * Bad News For—? What the census-takers’ tallies are going to do in some cities and states is going to make big local news, if not national. In Cedar Rap ids, Iowa, for instance, if the population goes over a certain point, the mayor and aldermen get a raise in pay. A number of states have liquor laws, bas ing the number of saloons in localities on pop ulation. If those localities gain, there’ll be more pubs where there were no pubs before. . . . And if they lose, the saloon-keepers will have to draw straws to see who goes out of business. Of course, there’s the matter of state repre sentation in the house of representatives, but that’s another story—probably the biggest that will come out of the 1940 census. Reapportion ment is a political bombshell and when the figures are all in, national and local party machines will start tossing the political TNT about wildly as they angle for the advantages of new representation setups. One thing more: People who refuse to have their noses counted are just cutting them off to spite somebody. Federal highway funds, re lief and a number of other national benefac tions are based on the census. Enough dodgers in any locality or state and it’s going to be money out of the neighbors’ pockets. QUOTATIONS America cannot be permitted to drift, drift, while politicians merely hope, hope.—President John L. Lewis, of the C.I.O. * * * Until ticket-fixing is ruled out, you might as well forget your safety program.—President Paul G. Hoffman of Studebaker, to the Auto motive Safety Foundation. » * * Suppose a scientist beat a drum and blasted a loudspeaker to prove his theory — where wnuld we be?—Dr. John M. Fletcher to the New Orleans Academy of Science. * * * The underworld votes about 100 per cent. The church sometimes votes 50 per cent — Chicago Church Federation bulletin. * * * If Stalin so ordered it, the Soviets could cross an army over the straits into Alaska overnight.—Father Bernard Hubbard, “The ‘‘The Glacier Priest." * * * Economy in government not only demands minimum appropriations, but it also demands the most useful and beneficial expenditure of the taxpayers’ dollar—Gov. Herbert Lehman of New York. * * * It is my personal wish to make my country a laboratory of good city building.—Alvar Aal to, modern Finnish architect. * * * With the responsibility which rests upon the shoulders of the government, we cannot be hustled into adventures which appear to us to present little chance of success, and perhaps even disaster—Prime Minister Neville Cham berlain of Great Britain. • • • Monopoly looks profitable to the first one who can do it. But if everyone does it, the result is permanent depression and a decreas ing standard of living.—Paul V. McNutt, fed eral security administrator, -> . J Man About Manhattan By George Tucker" VIRGINIA CITY, Nev., April 5. This is Our Town, and I wish Prank Craven were here to tell you about it . . . Here in Our Town, we hgve about 500 people, but sometimes the number goes up to 700 or 800, depending upon the visitors we get, and the weddings, that are celebrated. We have a lot of nice people, and maybe there are some who aren't so nice, but they’re all good people when you get to know them,. and I'm going to tell you a little something about them. See that fellow in front of the hotel over there? . . . That's Axel. . . . -Axel sleeps in a bullion vault, a steel safe, you might say, every night. . . One time, he ran a nail through his foot, and they wanted him to get see the uoctor. . . I guess nearly everybody in Our Town told him he’d better go see the doctor, to have it treated right so he wouldn't have lock-jaw. But Axel wouldn’t do it. . . Instead, he got himself two pints of whisky. One pint he drank, and the other he poured into his shoe. Now he’s well as anybody. That woman passing Axel now is Slot Machine Ida . . . She’s about 60, and every nickel she gets she plays the slot machines. That's how she comes by her name. Everybody in Virginia City knows Ida. . . One night the miners broke a 10 bill and had it all put into nickels and gave them to Ida so she could play the slot machine. Ida says it was the best time she ever had. In Our Town, the main street is C street, and we have twelve bars on that one street. Good ones, too. C street is only two streets from A street. You see, in Our Town, the streets run from A to G. In the old days the cream of the elite used to live on A street. On B street, we had the courthouse and the jail, and some of the nice peo ple lived there, too. C street, as I said, is the business district in Our Town; E street used to be where the Chinamen lived. . . The Mexicans lived on F street, and then the Indians lived on G street. That isn’t exactly the way it is now, but it used to be that w'ay in the old days, and it stayed that way until after we had the first fire, back in the 7Q’s. Our Fire Department is right down there. We have a man who stays there all the time, and he’s paid by the county. When a build ing catches fire in Our Town, the fire department never actually tries to save it—they concentrate on the nearby buildings to keep them from burning. In Our Town, any building that catches fire is pretty sure to be a goner. Then there’s Vince Nevin, one of the nicest fellows you ever met. Vince owns the only newspaper in Our Town, the Virginia City News, and it has eight pages. We’re mighty proud of that paper be cause the first and back pages are set by hand, something you don’t see very often any more. The oth er six pages come in every Thurs day from Salt Lake City, all print ed up. That’s the newsoffice there, where Vince is going in. If you turn around and look this way, down there in the valley, you can see the old cemetery. We have four cemeteries in Our Town, but that s the oldest and most interest ing. The first 2D men ever buried there died with their boots on. Well, I guess I’d better get on down the street. There’s Father Harrigan, our priest, who comes up once a week from Reno. And there’s Joe Hart, manager of the Virginia City theatre. That siren you hear means it’s twelve o’clock. It s right a .Voss the street from the Wonder Lode bar. Goes off every day just like that, and when it doe's everybody in Virginia City knows it’s noon and time to eat. LANDMARK LODGE VISITS ST. JOHN’S Charleston Masons To Make Annual Visit To Wil mington Tonight The officers and degree team of Landmark Lodge No. 76, Ancient Free Masons, of Charleston, S. C„ "ill make their annual visit to the St. John’s Lodge No. 1, of Wilming ton, tonight. This is the seventh year of the ex change visits between these two lodges, the Wilmington Masons go ing to Charleston every other year to return the visit. The visitors will confer the Sub lime Degree of Master Masons in accord with the South Carolina rit ual beginning at 6:45 o’clock this afternoon. There will be an adjourn ment for supper at 7:30 o’clock and the work will continue after the sup per. All Master Masons are invited to attend this meeting. Headquarters for the visitors will be at the Hotel Wilmington where a reception committee will be on hand to greet their arrival this af ternoon. Andrew H. Harriss, Jr., master of the local lodge, will head the com mittee. The Charleston visitors will In clude: George G. Creighton, mas ter of the lodge, William H. Speis segger, Frank B. Carpenter, W. C. Cecil Drowota, W. Harvey Smith, Luther W. Parker, Robert T. Ellett,' Jr., Earl M. Collison, William f! Muckenfuss, Kenneth E. Bristor, J. Lawrence Gantt, Edmund P. Grice, Dallas F. Jones, T. Ballard Lese mann, Rudolph J. Ortmann, C. Ed win Roberts, Frank M. Smith, Sr„ Frank M. Smith, Jr., and William Schircaer, V ‘I’m Working My Way Through A War’ I ] Hollywood Sights And Sounds *- 1 rfv Rabbin Cocnt-— HOLLYWOOD, April 5—That tri umph of trickery, “Dr. Cyclops,” taught Albert Dekker a few tricks too. Dekker never may use them again, but he has them down pat. He knows how to talk to people who aren’t there. Dekker, as the mad scientist who learned how to “reduce” nor mal human beings to toy size, and had a lot of macabre fun in the pro cess, worked six months on the pic ture. The rest of the cast was with him only three weeks. Y’et on the screen the whole cast is seen to gether practically throughout the picture. Dekker, life-size, exchanges dialogue with the others, toy-size. He picks up one of them in the hol low of his hand. Some of the scenes were done with gigantic props, to make life-size ac tors, seem dolls by contrast. Many were done by rear-projection photo graphy, the little people previously photographed and projected into the scenes with Dekker, the composite being filmed. All this had to be figured out mathematically by Director Ernest Schoedsack and his force. The pieces had to be fitted together more in tricately than any jigsaw puzzle. It was Dekker's job, then, to fit his every move into the whole without crossing up the plans. He could not set down a book or a coffee cup wuthout knowing ex actly where he should place it in re lation to what already had been shot. He figuratively had to toe marks, with every action, when the marks were invisible. With all this, he needn't have bothered too much with his char acterization, but he did — and it's my contention that, interesting as the trick photography is, Dekker's acting is more so. * * * I went out to see him on "Hor row Row”—so-named because Bela Lugosi lives a few doors from the Dekker house. A less terrifying per son couldn’t have been planted there: Albert Van Dekker, late of the New York stage, was taking a plump two year-old sprite named Jana, his daughter, for a walk. I found him very cheerful about the whole thing, although for three years he has been in, town loking for a “break’’ that didn't come—until "Strange Cargo’’ and “Dr. Cyclops." The Dekkers, he related philosophi cally, were broke frequently, but he worked often enough, at long inter vals, to keep them going. When he left Bowdoln college, in tending to study psychiatry, he un dertook the theater on urging of a friend, and he made a good go of it. He always had expected to come to Hollywood with a contract, and car fare paid. But that didn’t material- ' ize, so he took an agent's offer of ! $500 (to cover expenses) and came ] out. » * * A month later, he had a small * part in “The Great Garrick.” Then 1 the pickings were lean. Jana ar- ' rived, and the matter became se- 1 rious. Her parents were set to re- ' turn east when a friend talked them out of it, offered them free use of J a one-room apartment, and they stuck it out. Characters always have been his specialty (he’s still a psychiatrist at ‘ heart), and his Russian Cossack in ! “Hotel Imperial” brought him a , Paramount test. During his “broke” periods, at least ' two producers told Dekker they could j .4 • RIGHT OR WRONG ABOUT PEOPLE Do Women Buy Better Than Men! By DONALD A. LAIRD, PhD., Sci.D. “Give me a man customer any time in preference to a woman,” is what any salesman will tell you. “Women want to know every :nmg aoout tne trticle before they juy it. They take .onger to make up their minds. And they are much more likely to return the ar ticle if it does not work out just the way they wanted.” Now listen to what many hus bands say: “Wo men go crazy u-hen they are jut shopping. DR. LAIRD Look at the funny hats they huy just because they are bargains and not because they need them. It’s i shame the way they spend the money we earn." Both the salesmen and the en cious husbands are probably right. Some women do go into a shop per's delirium when they see a pargain—but by and large, the av erage woman is better at getting her money’s worth than her hus band is. From our analyses of around 22,000 newspaper readers last yeai, we found that more women than men read the advertisements. The women even read the advertise, ments of men’s products some times better than the men them selves do. It is obvious from these new f facts that the woman is more like- ! ly to know what is new, what has the best prices, and where things can be bought to best advantage. After all, she is simply tending to her business, for it has been esti mated that much more than half of the money spent in stores is on purchases made by women who, in most cases, are the pur chasing agents for the entire fam ily. Women should be better buyers than men. It is their business. They spend more time at it, get ting much more practice, and have the salesman show them every thing before making up their minds. This may annoy the salesper son, but undoubtedly it makes the family budget go farther week after week in spite of the occa sional unnecessary hat which was just too good a bargain to resist. (Copyright, 1940, NEA Service, Inc.) Next; why Do We Have Fewer Relatives? -i Woman’s Privilege ANN ARBOR, Mich., April 5. —VP)—Plump and pretty Marian Phillips, 10-year-old University of Michigan student who a year ago listed 83 reasons why she disliked men, is a married wo man now. Relatives made known today that she and Einar Almdale, Jr„ 22, Grosse Pointe, Mich., had eloped to Toledo March 21. Among her reasons for being a “man-hater” had been these: “They are all too thin before .they're 30, then all at once they become too fat; never in God's world have they been known to use an ash tray if there’s a rug handy; they think you aren't a' lady if you can’t hold your li quor and, if you can, they still think you aren’t.” Or. Mott Declines Bid To Make Address Here < -- i Dr. John r. Mott, of New York, : :hairman of the International Mis- ‘ iionary council, declined an invita- ; ion to speak at a public meeting * lere during his visit to North Caro- * ina next week in a letter to Dr. Ar hur j. Barton, president of the Wil- j nington Ministers* association, it vas announced yesterday. Dr. Mott 3 to deliver a series of lectures at Davidson college. Dr. Barton said Dr. Mott expressed r he hope he may be able to come to r Vilmington at some later date. c ~ v The origin of music is lost in l .ntiquity but has been traced to the c mcient Egyptians. , r use him”—and then he couldn’t get f a to see them. j I believe he can see them now, ; £ he s interested I Bladen And Pender Are Visited By Forest Fire KELLY, April 5 — A forest fire, its origin as yet undetermined, swept a large section of the Lyon and Buckle swamp communities Thursday, destroying a large area pf timber in both Bladen and Pender counties. Damages from the blaze are ex pected to reach in the thousands of lollars. A number of outbuildings in the paths of the flames were complete ly destroyed but with great effort tome owners managed to save their dwelling houses. The fire destroyed a large quali ty of lumber, mill equipment and a ool house beloriging to the J. B. ituss and Son Lumber company. iowever, the sawmill was saved. The fire originated in the Nat rioore section early yesterday morn ng but work on the part of Joseph >. Pridgen, Bladen county fire war ien, and two truck loads of men Tom the Elizabethtown CCC cam? mally brought the .flames under ontrol about 10 o’clock last night, leveral of the fire-fighters sustain d minor injuries in combatting the daze. Voss Music Missing, Band Can’t Compete Two folios containing the burs music for the overtures and march music to be played by the New Han ver High school band in the state tide music contests beginning April 5, were reported missing from the ffice of Lieutenant Lacock, band master, Thursday. It is necessary that these folios bs mund before the band can participate n the music contests in Greensboro, t mvould be impossible for the band o go unless this music is located- .