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msands Gain Livelihood Fishins
In Vast Stretches Of N. C. Sounds —■ i; non MATTHEWS Staff Writer i o some the word brings . .. ene of a boy or man -mall stream watching , i;ts of a cork and wait i movement that will presence of a fish book. the word suggests fly -s ar trout in some. ,.,,i 11;i stream. In North i , word means a liveli and no mean liveli i i that. i iiig business in east t'trollna. For it is here i’ll I the waters, awaiting si of man to take them ,■ 11,tive element and put never use man lias for 0 sheltered inland wa 1 luted States equal in natural sounds of North , lh. marie, Pamlico, Cur ii.uvue and others, and in the union will be in . industry on the -.ducted in this section. > do Square Miles cover an area of Mrs, or 1,516,979 acres : i- dly alive with fish. of salt water fish ■ i, red in the sounds, and ■ nii-al fish, so highly may be found in ■ si - ram 25 to 30 miles sea .. .. m Beaufort. :is fin iiiuusu v in Lino . , o pf the most impor ,. ... kind in the country. Ap 7.000 men and 4,000 ngaeed >n the business. : ret county alone more , 0 pounds of edible fish tons of fertilizer fish • -i in 1930. The clam in ... .tinted to $50,350; the oy ., . i $39,000; crabs, $130, -kt up. $100,000. In other . :|,e np'ial seafood business '• , flinty last year amount Pr ip- and a half million linilars. does i -'t include the small ■:« wit individual fishermen but ... (p. larger units. "Fat backs" Mei ,ni n which are found oft isp r red for the fish oil and rtilizer t h produce; North Caro ..in l Piling, a delicacy to be krd forward " if not already , Mi,,]; .psters, clams, crabs, seal . a,..; skri-np, and many lesser v... might generally be .k.rfi :,s just fish—sea trout, sea l,,.5. i.i-ie fish, and others. These sip. ..... m all parts of the coun Belhaven Oysters T:;. renter of the oyster industry is Belliaven where large oyster si . and packing factories ship r irm all over the country. Kdenton t!: inme of the North Carolina j.,,p ip-iviug. the largest of Its kind. in the world. Tho menhaden or "fat back” in dustry • ur.es around Beaufort ! S report, where large factor k these fish and squeeze out the valuable oil leaving the resi - : ip—as valuable fer tilizer. Th- ‘ fat V, . k’’ is an extremely . ii c suitable for eating rized for the oil. There r y- . i y countless millions of • —- fish along the Atlantic coast 1 n' •' so numerous and travel in ' : • schools around Beaufort Ci y that they are f , ced up on the beaches t:. •isands when attacked lar..'-r and more vicious fish, p is n nr. *-er of record that some in this section were '■! s-vvrai' occasions so alive with ' that boats were un And is is a profit . A “fat back” captain. clear up $3,000 in a f-w v.a k's time. TIk "fat back” or menhaden boats rise along the coast on the look < i • schools. The boats are juip> with a high mast where <•; v's nest is located and a ■ harp wa'ch is maintained. The "-S-.nee of .! school is indicated by ' / ••!•..: in the ocean surface. ' Purse Boats” "I"ir~- bi.ats” are sent out, and ' y . ; is surrounded by a net. ight is dropped which '• ya force to close the bot tho net, thus preventing The latter is then drawn to y r boat, and the fish are ' ; 1 utand into the hold of the larger ship. Shrimp are caught off Beaufort and Southport, and shrimp packing factories are located at both places. Thousands of dollars worth of shrimp are shipped north annually. The clam industry is another im portant business. Formerly More head city was the center, but now the little town of Atlantic is. This development was the result of a storm, strange as this may sound. In 1933 a bad coastal storm forc ed the ocean through the barrier beach now known as Brum Inlet. ing the inlet to 12 feet would pro vide an outlet for storm tides which would prevent overflow of lands on the mainland as occurred in September, 1933. The fishing industry fairly hums around Drum Inlet. There are about 50 trawl boats, hailing from points along the coast between Cape Look out and Cape Cod, that occasionally operate along the coast here. There are also between 350 to 400 net fishing boats, about 15 small menhaden fishing boats, and about THE MENHADEN OR “FATBACK” i ^ hp catching of menhaden, or “fatback,” is proving a thriving in dustry to thousands of fishermen along the coasts of North Carolina. . * *****■»-'- ^ ciu i ne UMitrr* men in eastern North Carolina have always been crying for—inlets to permit the flow of more salt water into the sounds. The following year the clam in dustry picked up slightly, but suf ficient time had not elapsed for the ocean water to have its full effect. Each succeeding year, how ever, showed improvement until last year the value of clams ship ped from Atlantic Increased 1,000 per cent in a period of a few years, attributable according to the fish ermen by the influx of the ocean through the storm-made inlet. • Channels Dredged With the idea of aiding' the fish ermen in their business, the feder al government through the U. S. engineers iias constructed channels through the barrier beach not only to provide a greater ingress of salt water to the sounds but to provide safer and better channels for the fishermen, permitting more fre quent and safer trips, but also to provide greater employment by al lowing more inhabitants in this section to partake of a lucrative, business, and by providing Safer and deeper channels, avoid the de lays formerly necessitated by the waiting for tides. The U. S. engineers have pro vided a 30 foot channels across Beaufort Bar to Morehead City. Tliis channel will, of course, ac comodate any ship that now comesi to North Carolina. While funda-. mentally a ships’ channel to acco modate ocean going vessels, it in cidentally permits an inflow of salt water which stimulates the fish ing industry. Less costly but most important to small fishing communities, the U. S’, engineers constructed chal nels at Drum Inlet, Lookout Bight, Robinson Channel, from Pamlico Sound to Beaufort Harbor, Thor oughfare Bay to Cedar Bay, Far Creek, Silver Lake Harbor, and Swan Quarter Bay to Deep Bay. A new channel is also in course of construction at New River In let. The values of these channels, while representing modest expendi tures on the part of the federal government, are incalculable to the fishermen. Much property and many lives have been saved as the result of this work. Take the channel (a.t Drum Inlet for example. Fishermen in the vicinity desired a channel 12 feet deep through the inlet which would greatly increase the quanti ty of fish, sea food, and spawn in Core Sound, and a channel over the ocean bar which would enable menhaden boats to reach schools of fish on the north side of Cape Lookout at times when bad weath er would prevent their reaching them from Beaufort Inlet, and the inner harbor would afford a haven for these boats during bad weath er. Outlet For Tides It was also believed that open •su large ones, witn an unproved channel to 12 fee|, these boats may enter and leave the inlet without waiting for tides, which not only increases their hauls in quantities of fish, but likewise provides safer harbors in bad weather and avoids the hazards of waiting' in stormy weather outside. The improvement was for the fishermen with, of course, the gen eral benefits resulting to tlie public in a more abundant and cheaper supply of sea food, giving employ ment to many more fishermen and what is more important, although not possible of evaluating, the sav ing of lives of those humble and hard working fishermen. The corps of engineers favorably recommended the construction of a ohannel 12 feet deep and 200 feet wide at Drum Inlet, and the work was completed by the engineers in AT n 1 Qzln Similar Conditions Somewhat similar conditions ex isted at Lookout Bight, Rollinson Channel, and other places. Provid ing safer channels tor the fishermen, ktigmenMgjj the supply of fish, and permitting more frequent trios were the aims of the U. S. engineers in providing' these small and compara tively' inexpensive channels. Work is in progress at the pres ent time dredging a channel through ;Kew River inlet. Approximately sim ilar conditions existed here as at Drum Inlet. Fishermen going through the shallow existing inlet for fishing outside would sometimes he required to wait hours for high tide to cross the bar. In bad weather this wait was hazardous. The U. S. engineers are now dredging a new channel through the barrier beach six feet deep at mean low water and 90 feet wide at the bottom. It is exxpected to have it completed within two or three months. The new channel will permit a safe passage for the boats with out waiting for tides, and what is almost equally important, will cause a greater inflow of salt water into New river, greatly improving the character of the shell fish. It is generally believed that the im provement will again bring the famous New river oyster back to the former position it held a few years ago. Fishing is a real industry in east ern North Carolina. For magnitude and variety it is probably not sur passed in the woifld. Many Times Repaid Results from the expenditures by the U. S. engineers have been re paid a hundredfold in cheaper and better fish, more employment to an important class of hard working Americans and no mean factor in the general fight against the “High Cost of Living.” In addition to furnishing a lucra tive business to hundreds of large, companies, the industry employs thousands of fishermen and labor ers. The bounteous supply of all DIPPING UP MENHADEN IN NETS AT SEA ■ ' Bi'iuj) of fishermen is shown above in the act of dipping up "fatbaeks” in nets to the menhaden noa' while at sea. LEGWIN TO ASK | VOTE ON LIMITS Candidate For Legislative Post Points To Exten sion Benefits Robert S. LeGwin, candidate for one of New Hanover county’s seats in the lower house of the general assembly, said yesterday he favors a vote to decide the hitherto un settled question of city expansion. He further said, if elected, he will bend all his efforts as a legis lator to that end. He emphasized the fact he is a native-born Wilmingtonian. Le Gwin was born here in 1903. the son of the late W. F. and Mar garet Cowles LeGwin. He is mar ried and has one child. “I have long been of the opinion Wilmington’s lack of industrial growth is due to the fact the pop ulation of its suburbs is not includ eu in uie cuy census. "Inasmuch as the population of a city is one of tho major factors attractive to new industries, the failure to include it is seriously re tarding. the city’s growth. "And,” he said, "it. is my desire and intention to give the people an opportunity to vote on the expan sion of Wilmington's city limits, which hitherto has been neglected or denied, and a .chance to over come this handicap." In answer to those who may say the city cannot provide services in accordance to the tax rate outside the city, LeG win said the problem could be remedied through the use of a zoning system, only providing service in accordance with taxes collected. He cited a long list of specific benefits that would result. LedrWin is connected with, the Atlantic Coast Line railroad and has been since 1922. He is now in the purchasing department. "This IS years experience, I be lieve, has well prepared me for the position I am seeking in this elec tion.” Recreation Attendance For Past Week Listed A total of 2,721 white persons par ticipated in activities at the City WPA recreation centers during the past week, it is stated in the ac tivity attendance record. Pembroke Jones Park had 1135 persons participating in games, sports, and organized pre-school groups, with 42 spectators; 902 per sons enjoyed recreational activities, including games, sports, crafts, spe cial events and organized pre-school groups at the Community Recrea tion center, 1824 Castle street. At the Agnes MacRae Parsley Center, 1315 N. Front street, fb9 children and adults took part in games, sports, crafts, special events and the pre-school group. 275 per sons participated in sports, games, and various activities at Greenfield, with 34 spectators present. On the negro program, the fol lowing numbers were present; The Gregory Recreation center, 7th and Nun streets, reported C94 per sons participating in games, sports, drama, pre-school groups, with 10 spectators present. At the Cameron Recreation center, 9th and Nixon streets, 1193 persons enjoyed the ac tivities o fthe center, with 342 spec tators; 792 persons attended the Cooper center. East 'Wilmington and participated in various games, sports, music, and open forum dis cussions. Hendersonville Picked For N. C. Press Meet GREENSBORO, April 27.—<iP>— Henderson was selected for the convention of the North Carolina Press association on June 27, 28 and 29 by the executive committee of the association in session here today. The committee also received an invitation from Elkin and other towns in the northwestern part of the state to hold the convention at Roaring Gap. Invitation from Hendersonville was extended by Fred Allen. Jr„ on behalf of civic organizations and publishers of newspapers in Hendersonville and other towns in that section of the state. Local Negroes Will Attend Detroit Meet Three Wilmington negroes will be included among- the 12 who will represent North Carolina at a con ference of the African Methodist Episcopal church in Detroit on Wednesday, May 1. They are G. D. Carnes, T. H. Hooper and L. D. Middleton. Others from this section of the state are G. L Grady, of New Bern, and R R. Pearce and Warren Dix, of Fay etteville. kinds of fish and sea food supplies countless thousands with food which is so cheap as to be negligi ble. And the surface has only been scratched. The opporutnity for ex panding the business is so great that annually new" enterprises arise throughout the eastern section. The river and harbor improve ments shown on the map w’ere prosecuted by tlieh U. S. engineer office at Wilmington, N. C., Lieut. Col, George W. Gillette being the present district engineer. . '7*. FLEET OF MENHADEN BOATS AT BEAUFORT A fleet of menhaden boats tied up for the week-end at Beaufort, X. is shown above. Cooper s Campaign lor Governor Draws Spotlight In N. C. Capital By FRANK B. GILBRETH RALEIGH, April 27.—LT)—A mule trader whose past includes barred windows in bank and bastille is riding- the North Carolina highways from the Kill Devil sand dunes to the Great Smoky mountains In a hell-for-leather campaigh to become governor of the state which once put him in jail. He is chunky, bespectacled Thom as E. Cooper, a little man with a big voice, one of a record field of 10 entrans in the Tar Heel guberna torial derb. In running for governor. Cooper says he is trying to keep the last of three promises, made at his mother's deathbed shortly after he completed a prison term for violat* ing banking laws. He promised: 1. To serve in the legislature; he did. 2. To become mayor of his home town; he is now major of Wilming ton. 3. To he elected governor of the state which imprisoned him; he is running. Cooper is sound-trucking along the highways in a gaudy red-white and-blue automobile which, he bel lows through his loud-speaker, “cost only $1,500 but will beat that $2,000,000 political machine in Ra leigh. His program is part horse-sense, part hee-haws at his opponents. His platform is “a few words that X learn at my mothers knee—the Golden Rule, and youll find it in the Good 'Rook, my good friends, Luke, 6-31.” The Wilmington mayor is oppos ed to the state’s three per cent tax on retail sales. Every time he tips a waitress he adds a penny to the silver for her “sales tax.’’ Favors Pensions He favors pensions for public | -tnployes, and a reduction in the cost of automobile license plates. Ho would “turn the rascals out.’ “Vote for Gang-Buster Cooper,” he shouts into his microphone at city intersections and village cross roads. “We'll wipe out that Raleigh gang of politicians just like old Hercules cleaned out the Augean stables.” And Cooper holds his nose with one hand as he gives an imitation with the other of a man mani pulating a gigantic broom. He is one of seven men—two oi them Sunday school teachers—ir the wide open scramble for tin democratic nomination, considered equivalent to election. The other six: J. M. Broughton. Raleigh lawyer who teaches Sunday school and favors removal of the sales tax from all foods bought for home consumption. Paul Grady, Kenly lawyer, who wants the sales tax repealed en tirely and urges a referendum to determine whether the state should scrap its coUnty-option liquor plan and re-adopt prohibition. Arthur Simmons, Burlington far mer, veteran of the Spanish Amer ican war. makes few speeches but turns out reams of campaign litera ture containing phrases such as, “Battle orders; every vet can lick 50 times weight in wildcats." Failed In 19.12 A. J. Maxwell, who failed in a hid for governor in 1932, and whc ha* taken a leave of absence from hi* duties as state tax collector. Ha favors a $40,000,000 road-building program. Lieut. Gov. W P. Horton of Pitts boro, who has given virtually blank et endorsement to all policies of Gov ernor Hoey. L. Lee Gravely, Rocky Mount law yer and tobacconist. Another Sunday school teacher he also opposes the sales tax. and has advocated federal government utilization of United States securities owned by British subjects to secure payment for to bacco bought for export to Knglaud. Three republicans—John R. Hoff man of Burlington, former congress man, George M. Pritchard of Ashe ville, and R. H. McNeill of States ville and Washington; all lawyers— are fighting it out for the honor ((tt is not much more than that in this “solid southern" state) of the G. O. Beth primaries fall on May ns. Probably one reason for the r - cord-breaking field on the democra tic side is that Governor Clyde R. Hoey and former Governor O. Max Gardner, brother-in-law, potent state political figures, have proclaimed their neutrality. Long-haired Governor Hoey .1 ways wears a frock coat—besides a head-up collar, high shoes and long underwear—and Cooper's favorite gibe is: “Those slippery politicians have been hanging on Governor Hoev'* Jim Swinger coat tails so much late that they've split the fella's coat right smack up the back." The castor bean, from which cas tor oil is taken, is a native of Afri ca but is grown in most warm-weath er countries. BEER DEALERS NOTICE I City and County Beer License Expire April 30th, 1940. Before new license can be issued it is necessary to file application to sell beer with the undersigned. Any person, firm or corporation selling beer without a license is liable to indictment for violat ing said ordinance. C. R. MORSE, City & County Tax Collector. ACTION IS EASIEST! Tests prove Chevrolet’s to be the easiest steering column gearshift to operate. Compared with the two cars next in sales, Chevrolet requires only 2.8 ft.-lb. of effort for a cycle of shifts, against 8.5 for Car B and 14.8 for Car C. ITS LEVER AND ITS "THROW” ARE SHORTER Because Chevrolet’s gearshift is operated by vacuum, it requires less leverage. The lever and its travel or “throw” ate the shortest,and that means the quickest shift. Length of Throw: Chev rolet, 41/4"; Car B, 71/2"; Car C, 10%\ °®IT’S EFFORTLESS IN TRAFFIC Stop and Go—Red and Green—Halt! Start! That’s traffic. And that’s where Chevrolet’s easy shifting is appre ciated. Vacuum does 80% of the work; only 20% is done by the driver. No tugging, no shoving! "CHEVROLET’S FIRST AGAIN!’’ Raney Chevrolet Co. 406 PRINCESS ST._ PHONE 896 ' . A KIDNEY COLIC pus, and gravel stone sufferers, ask your druggist for GRAWO, $1.00 per box. J. 0. BIZZELL AND CO., Clinton, N. C.