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The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, April 28, 1940, Image 11

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msands Gain Livelihood Fishins
In Vast Stretches Of N. C. Sounds
—■ i; non MATTHEWS
Staff Writer
i o some the word brings
. .. ene of a boy or man
-mall stream watching
, i;ts of a cork and wait
i movement that will
presence of a fish
book.
the word suggests fly
-s ar trout in some.
,.,,i 11;i stream. In North
i , word means a liveli
and no mean liveli
i i that.
i iiig business in east
t'trollna. For it is here
i’ll I the waters, awaiting
si of man to take them
,■ 11,tive element and put
never use man lias for
0 sheltered inland wa
1 luted States equal in
natural sounds of North
, lh. marie, Pamlico, Cur
ii.uvue and others, and
in the union will be
in . industry on the
-.ducted in this section.
> do Square Miles
cover an area of
Mrs, or 1,516,979 acres
: i- dly alive with fish.
of salt water fish
■ i, red in the sounds, and
■ nii-al fish, so highly
may be found in
■ si - ram 25 to 30 miles sea
.. .. m Beaufort.
:is fin iiiuusu v in Lino
. , o pf the most impor
,. ... kind in the country. Ap
7.000 men and 4,000
ngaeed >n the business.
: ret county alone more
, 0 pounds of edible fish
tons of fertilizer fish
• -i in 1930. The clam in
... .tinted to $50,350; the oy
., . i $39,000; crabs, $130,
-kt up. $100,000. In other
. :|,e np'ial seafood business
'• , flinty last year amount
Pr ip- and a half million
linilars.
does i -'t include the small
■:« wit individual fishermen but
... (p. larger units. "Fat backs"
Mei ,ni n which are found oft
isp r red for the fish oil and
rtilizer t h produce; North Caro
..in l Piling, a delicacy to be
krd forward " if not already
, Mi,,]; .psters, clams, crabs, seal
. a,..; skri-np, and many lesser
v... might generally be
.k.rfi :,s just fish—sea trout, sea
l,,.5. i.i-ie fish, and others. These
sip. ..... m all parts of the coun
Belhaven Oysters
T:;. renter of the oyster industry
is Belliaven where large oyster
si . and packing factories ship
r irm all over the country. Kdenton
t!: inme of the North Carolina
j.,,p ip-iviug. the largest of Its kind.
in the world.
Tho menhaden or "fat back” in
dustry • ur.es around Beaufort
! S report, where large factor
k these fish and squeeze out
the valuable oil leaving the resi
- : ip—as valuable fer
tilizer.
Th- ‘ fat V, . k’’ is an extremely
. ii c suitable for eating
rized for the oil. There
r y- . i y countless millions of
• —- fish along the Atlantic coast
1 n' •' so numerous and travel in
' : • schools around Beaufort
Ci y that they are
f , ced up on the beaches
t:. •isands when attacked
lar..'-r and more vicious fish,
p is n nr. *-er of record that some
in this section were
'■! s-vvrai' occasions so alive with
' that boats were un
And is is a profit
. A “fat back” captain.
clear up $3,000 in a
f-w v.a k's time.
TIk "fat back” or menhaden boats
rise along the coast on the look
< i • schools. The boats are
juip> with a high mast where
<•; v's nest is located and a
■ harp wa'ch is maintained. The
"-S-.nee of .! school is indicated by
' / ••!•..: in the ocean surface.
' Purse Boats”
"I"ir~- bi.ats” are sent out, and
' y . ; is surrounded by a net.
ight is dropped which
'• ya force to close the bot
tho net, thus preventing
The latter is then drawn to
y r boat, and the fish are
' ; 1 utand into the hold of the
larger ship.
Shrimp are caught off Beaufort
and Southport, and shrimp packing
factories are located at both places.
Thousands of dollars worth of
shrimp are shipped north annually.
The clam industry is another im
portant business. Formerly More
head city was the center, but now
the little town of Atlantic is. This
development was the result of a
storm, strange as this may sound.
In 1933 a bad coastal storm forc
ed the ocean through the barrier
beach now known as Brum Inlet.
ing the inlet to 12 feet would pro
vide an outlet for storm tides
which would prevent overflow of
lands on the mainland as occurred
in September, 1933.
The fishing industry fairly hums
around Drum Inlet. There are about
50 trawl boats, hailing from points
along the coast between Cape Look
out and Cape Cod, that occasionally
operate along the coast here.
There are also between 350 to 400
net fishing boats, about 15 small
menhaden fishing boats, and about
THE MENHADEN OR “FATBACK”
i ^ hp catching of menhaden, or “fatback,” is proving a thriving in
dustry to thousands of fishermen along the coasts of North Carolina.
. * *****■»-'- ^ ciu i ne UMitrr*
men in eastern North Carolina have
always been crying for—inlets to
permit the flow of more salt water
into the sounds.
The following year the clam in
dustry picked up slightly, but suf
ficient time had not elapsed for
the ocean water to have its full
effect. Each succeeding year, how
ever, showed improvement until
last year the value of clams ship
ped from Atlantic Increased 1,000
per cent in a period of a few years,
attributable according to the fish
ermen by the influx of the ocean
through the storm-made inlet.
• Channels Dredged
With the idea of aiding' the fish
ermen in their business, the feder
al government through the U. S.
engineers iias constructed channels
through the barrier beach not only
to provide a greater ingress of salt
water to the sounds but to provide
safer and better channels for the
fishermen, permitting more fre
quent and safer trips, but also to
provide greater employment by al
lowing more inhabitants in this
section to partake of a lucrative,
business, and by providing Safer
and deeper channels, avoid the de
lays formerly necessitated by the
waiting for tides.
The U. S. engineers have pro
vided a 30 foot channels across
Beaufort Bar to Morehead City.
Tliis channel will, of course, ac
comodate any ship that now comesi
to North Carolina. While funda-.
mentally a ships’ channel to acco
modate ocean going vessels, it in
cidentally permits an inflow of salt
water which stimulates the fish
ing industry.
Less costly but most important
to small fishing communities, the
U. S’, engineers constructed chal
nels at Drum Inlet, Lookout Bight,
Robinson Channel, from Pamlico
Sound to Beaufort Harbor, Thor
oughfare Bay to Cedar Bay, Far
Creek, Silver Lake Harbor, and
Swan Quarter Bay to Deep Bay.
A new channel is also in course
of construction at New River In
let. The values of these channels,
while representing modest expendi
tures on the part of the federal
government, are incalculable to the
fishermen. Much property and
many lives have been saved as the
result of this work.
Take the channel (a.t Drum Inlet
for example. Fishermen in the
vicinity desired a channel 12 feet
deep through the inlet which
would greatly increase the quanti
ty of fish, sea food, and spawn in
Core Sound, and a channel over
the ocean bar which would enable
menhaden boats to reach schools
of fish on the north side of Cape
Lookout at times when bad weath
er would prevent their reaching
them from Beaufort Inlet, and the
inner harbor would afford a haven
for these boats during bad weath
er.
Outlet For Tides
It was also believed that open
•su large ones, witn an unproved
channel to 12 fee|, these boats may
enter and leave the inlet without
waiting for tides, which not only
increases their hauls in quantities
of fish, but likewise provides safer
harbors in bad weather and avoids
the hazards of waiting' in stormy
weather outside.
The improvement was for the
fishermen with, of course, the gen
eral benefits resulting to tlie public
in a more abundant and cheaper
supply of sea food, giving employ
ment to many more fishermen and
what is more important, although
not possible of evaluating, the sav
ing of lives of those humble and
hard working fishermen.
The corps of engineers favorably
recommended the construction of a
ohannel 12 feet deep and 200 feet
wide at Drum Inlet, and the work
was completed by the engineers in
AT n 1 Qzln
Similar Conditions
Somewhat similar conditions ex
isted at Lookout Bight, Rollinson
Channel, and other places. Provid
ing safer channels tor the fishermen,
ktigmenMgjj the supply of fish, and
permitting more frequent trios were
the aims of the U. S. engineers in
providing' these small and compara
tively' inexpensive channels.
Work is in progress at the pres
ent time dredging a channel through
;Kew River inlet. Approximately sim
ilar conditions existed here as at
Drum Inlet.
Fishermen going through the
shallow existing inlet for fishing
outside would sometimes he required
to wait hours for high tide to cross
the bar. In bad weather this wait
was hazardous.
The U. S. engineers are now
dredging a new channel through
the barrier beach six feet deep at
mean low water and 90 feet wide
at the bottom. It is exxpected to
have it completed within two or
three months.
The new channel will permit a
safe passage for the boats with
out waiting for tides, and what is
almost equally important, will
cause a greater inflow of salt water
into New river, greatly improving
the character of the shell fish. It
is generally believed that the im
provement will again bring the
famous New river oyster back to
the former position it held a few
years ago.
Fishing is a real industry in east
ern North Carolina. For magnitude
and variety it is probably not sur
passed in the woifld.
Many Times Repaid
Results from the expenditures by
the U. S. engineers have been re
paid a hundredfold in cheaper and
better fish, more employment to an
important class of hard working
Americans and no mean factor in
the general fight against the “High
Cost of Living.”
In addition to furnishing a lucra
tive business to hundreds of large,
companies, the industry employs
thousands of fishermen and labor
ers. The bounteous supply of all
DIPPING UP MENHADEN IN NETS AT SEA
■ ' Bi'iuj) of fishermen is shown above in the act of dipping up "fatbaeks” in nets to the menhaden
noa' while at sea.
LEGWIN TO ASK |
VOTE ON LIMITS
Candidate For Legislative
Post Points To Exten
sion Benefits
Robert S. LeGwin, candidate for
one of New Hanover county’s seats
in the lower house of the general
assembly, said yesterday he favors
a vote to decide the hitherto un
settled question of city expansion.
He further said, if elected, he
will bend all his efforts as a legis
lator to that end.
He emphasized the fact he is a
native-born Wilmingtonian. Le
Gwin was born here in 1903. the
son of the late W. F. and Mar
garet Cowles LeGwin. He is mar
ried and has one child.
“I have long been of the opinion
Wilmington’s lack of industrial
growth is due to the fact the pop
ulation of its suburbs is not includ
eu in uie cuy census.
"Inasmuch as the population of a
city is one of tho major factors
attractive to new industries, the
failure to include it is seriously re
tarding. the city’s growth.
"And,” he said, "it. is my desire
and intention to give the people an
opportunity to vote on the expan
sion of Wilmington's city limits,
which hitherto has been neglected
or denied, and a .chance to over
come this handicap."
In answer to those who may say
the city cannot provide services in
accordance to the tax rate outside
the city, LeG win said the problem
could be remedied through the use
of a zoning system, only providing
service in accordance with taxes
collected. He cited a long list of
specific benefits that would result.
LedrWin is connected with, the
Atlantic Coast Line railroad and
has been since 1922. He is now
in the purchasing department.
"This IS years experience, I be
lieve, has well prepared me for the
position I am seeking in this elec
tion.”
Recreation Attendance
For Past Week Listed
A total of 2,721 white persons par
ticipated in activities at the City
WPA recreation centers during the
past week, it is stated in the ac
tivity attendance record.
Pembroke Jones Park had 1135
persons participating in games,
sports, and organized pre-school
groups, with 42 spectators; 902 per
sons enjoyed recreational activities,
including games, sports, crafts, spe
cial events and organized pre-school
groups at the Community Recrea
tion center, 1824 Castle street.
At the Agnes MacRae Parsley
Center, 1315 N. Front street, fb9
children and adults took part in
games, sports, crafts, special events
and the pre-school group. 275 per
sons participated in sports, games,
and various activities at Greenfield,
with 34 spectators present.
On the negro program, the fol
lowing numbers were present; The
Gregory Recreation center, 7th
and Nun streets, reported C94 per
sons participating in games, sports,
drama, pre-school groups, with 10
spectators present. At the Cameron
Recreation center, 9th and Nixon
streets, 1193 persons enjoyed the ac
tivities o fthe center, with 342 spec
tators; 792 persons attended the
Cooper center. East 'Wilmington and
participated in various games,
sports, music, and open forum dis
cussions.
Hendersonville Picked
For N. C. Press Meet
GREENSBORO, April 27.—<iP>—
Henderson was selected for the
convention of the North Carolina
Press association on June 27, 28
and 29 by the executive committee
of the association in session here
today.
The committee also received an
invitation from Elkin and other
towns in the northwestern part of
the state to hold the convention at
Roaring Gap.
Invitation from Hendersonville
was extended by Fred Allen. Jr„
on behalf of civic organizations
and publishers of newspapers in
Hendersonville and other towns in
that section of the state.
Local Negroes Will
Attend Detroit Meet
Three Wilmington negroes will be
included among- the 12 who will
represent North Carolina at a con
ference of the African Methodist
Episcopal church in Detroit on
Wednesday, May 1.
They are G. D. Carnes, T. H.
Hooper and L. D. Middleton. Others
from this section of the state are
G. L Grady, of New Bern, and R
R. Pearce and Warren Dix, of Fay
etteville.
kinds of fish and sea food supplies
countless thousands with food
which is so cheap as to be negligi
ble.
And the surface has only been
scratched. The opporutnity for ex
panding the business is so great
that annually new" enterprises arise
throughout the eastern section.
The river and harbor improve
ments shown on the map w’ere
prosecuted by tlieh U. S. engineer
office at Wilmington, N. C., Lieut.
Col, George W. Gillette being the
present district engineer.
. '7*.
FLEET OF MENHADEN BOATS AT BEAUFORT
A fleet of menhaden boats tied up for the week-end at Beaufort, X. is shown above.
Cooper s Campaign lor Governor
Draws Spotlight In N. C. Capital
By FRANK B. GILBRETH
RALEIGH, April 27.—LT)—A mule
trader whose past includes barred
windows in bank and bastille is
riding- the North Carolina highways
from the Kill Devil sand dunes to
the Great Smoky mountains In a
hell-for-leather campaigh to become
governor of the state which once
put him in jail.
He is chunky, bespectacled Thom
as E. Cooper, a little man with a
big voice, one of a record field of
10 entrans in the Tar Heel guberna
torial derb.
In running for governor. Cooper
says he is trying to keep the last
of three promises, made at his
mother's deathbed shortly after he
completed a prison term for violat*
ing banking laws. He promised:
1. To serve in the legislature; he
did.
2. To become mayor of his home
town; he is now major of Wilming
ton.
3. To he elected governor of the
state which imprisoned him; he is
running.
Cooper is sound-trucking along
the highways in a gaudy red-white
and-blue automobile which, he bel
lows through his loud-speaker,
“cost only $1,500 but will beat that
$2,000,000 political machine in Ra
leigh.
His program is part horse-sense,
part hee-haws at his opponents.
His platform is “a few words that X
learn at my mothers knee—the
Golden Rule, and youll find it in
the Good 'Rook, my good friends,
Luke, 6-31.”
The Wilmington mayor is oppos
ed to the state’s three per cent tax
on retail sales. Every time he tips
a waitress he adds a penny to the
silver for her “sales tax.’’
Favors Pensions
He favors pensions for public
| -tnployes, and a reduction in the
cost of automobile license plates.
Ho would “turn the rascals out.’
“Vote for Gang-Buster Cooper,”
he shouts into his microphone at
city intersections and village cross
roads. “We'll wipe out that Raleigh
gang of politicians just like old
Hercules cleaned out the Augean
stables.”
And Cooper holds his nose with
one hand as he gives an imitation
with the other of a man mani
pulating a gigantic broom.
He is one of seven men—two oi
them Sunday school teachers—ir
the wide open scramble for tin
democratic nomination, considered
equivalent to election. The other
six:
J. M. Broughton. Raleigh lawyer
who teaches Sunday school and
favors removal of the sales tax
from all foods bought for home
consumption.
Paul Grady, Kenly lawyer, who
wants the sales tax repealed en
tirely and urges a referendum to
determine whether the state should
scrap its coUnty-option liquor plan
and re-adopt prohibition.
Arthur Simmons, Burlington far
mer, veteran of the Spanish Amer
ican war. makes few speeches but
turns out reams of campaign litera
ture containing phrases such as,
“Battle orders; every vet can lick
50 times weight in wildcats."
Failed In 19.12
A. J. Maxwell, who failed in a hid
for governor in 1932, and whc ha*
taken a leave of absence from hi*
duties as state tax collector. Ha
favors a $40,000,000 road-building
program.
Lieut. Gov. W P. Horton of Pitts
boro, who has given virtually blank
et endorsement to all policies of Gov
ernor Hoey.
L. Lee Gravely, Rocky Mount law
yer and tobacconist. Another Sunday
school teacher he also opposes the
sales tax. and has advocated federal
government utilization of United
States securities owned by British
subjects to secure payment for to
bacco bought for export to Knglaud.
Three republicans—John R. Hoff
man of Burlington, former congress
man, George M. Pritchard of Ashe
ville, and R. H. McNeill of States
ville and Washington; all lawyers—
are fighting it out for the honor ((tt
is not much more than that in this
“solid southern" state) of the G. O.
Beth primaries fall on May ns.
Probably one reason for the r -
cord-breaking field on the democra
tic side is that Governor Clyde R.
Hoey and former Governor O. Max
Gardner, brother-in-law, potent state
political figures, have proclaimed
their neutrality.
Long-haired Governor Hoey .1
ways wears a frock coat—besides a
head-up collar, high shoes and long
underwear—and Cooper's favorite
gibe is:
“Those slippery politicians have
been hanging on Governor Hoev'*
Jim Swinger coat tails so much late
that they've split the fella's coat
right smack up the back."
The castor bean, from which cas
tor oil is taken, is a native of Afri
ca but is grown in most warm-weath
er countries.
BEER DEALERS NOTICE I
City and County Beer License
Expire April 30th, 1940.
Before new license can be issued it is necessary to file
application to sell beer with the undersigned.
Any person, firm or corporation selling beer
without a license is liable to indictment for violat
ing said ordinance.
C. R. MORSE,
City & County Tax Collector.
ACTION IS EASIEST!
Tests prove Chevrolet’s
to be the easiest steering
column gearshift to
operate. Compared with
the two cars next in
sales, Chevrolet requires
only 2.8 ft.-lb. of effort
for a cycle of shifts,
against 8.5 for Car B and
14.8 for Car C.
ITS LEVER AND ITS
"THROW” ARE SHORTER
Because Chevrolet’s
gearshift is operated by
vacuum, it requires less
leverage. The lever and
its travel or “throw”
ate the shortest,and that
means the quickest shift.
Length of Throw: Chev
rolet, 41/4"; Car B, 71/2";
Car C, 10%\
°®IT’S EFFORTLESS IN TRAFFIC
Stop and Go—Red and
Green—Halt! Start!
That’s traffic. And
that’s where Chevrolet’s
easy shifting is appre
ciated. Vacuum does 80%
of the work; only 20% is
done by the driver. No
tugging, no shoving!
"CHEVROLET’S FIRST AGAIN!’’
Raney Chevrolet Co.
406 PRINCESS ST._ PHONE 896
' . A
KIDNEY COLIC
pus, and gravel stone sufferers,
ask your druggist for GRAWO,
$1.00 per box.
J. 0. BIZZELL AND CO.,
Clinton, N. C.

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