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WILMINGTON 4#44444 tfV ASSOCIATED PR ESS °r nrmng fm''~73^NO- 225__WILMINGTON, N. C., MONDAY, MAY 20, 1940__-fr -fr_ESTABLISHED 1867. Cooper Urges Probe Of Vote Drive Charges Says ‘Semi-Officials’ Using State Funds To Campaign For Broughton WIRES FRANK DUNLAP Gubernatorial Front Quiet Elsewhere With Vote But One Week Away iBv The Associated Press) Thomas £. Cooper, a democratic candidate for Governor of North Carolina, last night called for an cfficial investigation of his charges that highway and prison “semi-of ficials” were using state funds to campaign for one of his democratic opponents. J. M. Broughton, Ral eigh attorney. Cooper, the mayor of Wilming ton. said he had sent a telegram demanding the investigation to Frank L. Dunlap, chairman of the Ijtate highway and public works commission. Broughton declined to comment. Dunlap was traveling on business in South Carolina and was not reach p.t Charges “False Propaganda Cooper alleged that the "semi ofhcials” were putting out “false propaganda”, about him and were campaigning lor Broughton. Using “state's gasoline, state’s automo biles, state's time and state ex pense accounts, while doing so.” He said in Winston-Salem he had sent this wire to Dunlap: "Appreciating your letter of weeks ago stating you would make a special endeavor to keep high way and prison departments out of politics and thereby promote effi ciency, I call upon you at this time to forthwith and immediately make investigation of all high ranking prison and highway semi-officials who are putting out false propagan da that I will demote or fire super intendents of prison camps, road fcremen and guards. “You know that I introduced and was instrumental in effecting pas sage of law giving state employes, o-v.uj/iuj VVU, piiouii me and school teachers a 20 per cent increase in pay as a member cf the general assembly in 1935 "'hen you were director of the bud get.1’ 'These semi-officials not only “-re putting out propaganda but advertising matters for my oppon ent J. M. Broughton, using state’s gasoline, state’s automobiles, state's time and state expense ac counts while doing so.” 'With renewed expression of my belief in y0ur desire to keep the (Continued on Page Ten) - ■—. ITHER ECAST Partly cloudy, not lorth central and ex nday; Tuesday part lata for the 24 hours yesterday). >erature :30 a. m. 68; 1:30 p | 74: maximum 81 f 73: normal 72. Tiicllty ■3ft a. m. 84; 1:30 p pitation rs ending 7:30 p. m. first of the month ?or Today _ S*30ah S-.Mn ...... r):27a VZ 7:05p 12:38p sunset 7:10p; moon *t 4 :27a. May 19—Tff)—Wenth of temperature and hours ending 8 p. m. • High Low Preo - 84 fil o.or — 03 00 o.ftf fly - 87 r,7 o.or : 02 0.12 :' , oo o% fl 00 o.or ’l- 58 0.18 !r r 58 o.o — 04 0.00 - 68 o.or 61 0.04' " v ■ c. 07 O.or 54 0.00 L-- *> 03 0.00 p l: 59 o.or o. , o; fx Sor ,, ■ e; | o:| - 5> VV -f or Air Hero - -- Secretary of War Harry Woodring (right) decorates Frank W. Seifert, former captain of the air reserve, with the Distinguished Flying Cross, in Washington. Decoration was awarded by special act of con gress in recognition of Seifert’s great courage while participating in aerial flights in connection with first successful experiment in refueling an airplane in mid-air. F. D. R. Says Peace Hopes Rest On Liberal Policies HULL FAILS TO TALK Assistant Secretary Of State Reads Chief’s Manu script On Trade WASHINGTON, May 19— (S’) — The pressure of keeping in touch with developments abroad prevent ed Secretary Hull from delivering a radio address tonight which in cluded a message from President Roosevelt saying that peace hopes depended upon “liberal” economic policies. The secretary was notified to ex pect an important telephone call from Paris, presumably from Am bassador William Bullitt, at the time he was to have gone on the air. Breckenridge Long, assistant secretary of state, read his chief’s manuscript for him. Message Cabled It developed later that the ex pected communication from Paris came by cable, and was given to Hull at his home. Its nature was not dis closed but a state department spokesman said it was "nothing sen sational” and explained that fre quent messages were being exchang ed in these times. The speech was in celebration of foreign trade week. Mr. Roosevelt’s message said that the promotion of inant purpose of the foreign policy lihoml Apnnnmin nnlinies would COn tinue to be "a vital part and a dom of the United States.” “In this way, and in this way alone, can the United States con tribute to the economic reconstruc tion of the world when the destruc tion now going on shall have ceas ed,” the President declared. Hull warned that if the doctrines of “totalitarian autarchy”—“so omin ously spreading today”—became widely dominant in international trade relations mankind would be plunged “into a period of chaos and impoverishment, and, inevitably, in to moral and spiritual decay.” The principles underlying the ad ministration’s trade agreements program, he asserted, “offer the only possible basis on which the econo mic life of the world can be success fully rebuilt when the present wars are over.” The trade agreements program provides a means of bargaining with the other* countries for reciprocal tariff reduction. Detailing dislocating effects of the European war on American com merce and agriculture, the secre tary said difficulties now being ex perienced in obtaining “essential im ports” provided an “unanswerable refutation to those who indulge in reckless assertions that our coun try can isolate itself from the rest of the world and prosper." He said it was America's duty to itself to make “every appropriate contributoin toward the establish ment of stable peace and orderly international relations. -I Cannon Wants U. S. To Declare War Gn Nazis mciiMursu, va., may jm— —Bishop James Cannon, Jr., of file Methodist church made public here today an open letter to Secretary of State Hull urg ing that he use his ‘‘great influ ence with the President and con gress to declare war against Hit ler and his fellow monst'"S.” Declaring that some things were more precious than peace and that there could be no ‘‘permanent peace unless and un til justice and righteousness pre vail,” Bishop asserted defense of the oppressed and of human rights was sometimes both neces BIG CROWDS VISIT NEARBY BEACHES Practically All Inns And Other Establishments Open For Business Wrightsviile and Car ol i n a Beaches, blessed with sunny skies and warm temperatures, yesterday played hosts to unusually large crowds of pre-season visitors. The resorts began to take on the atmosphere of summer as the strands became dotted with bathers and the boardwalks with large numbers of fully clothed weaker souls. Practically all the hotels, inns and other business establishments are now open and ready for busi ness. Many worthwhile improvements have been made at both beaches and both will soon be ready for their formal openings. Carolina will open on May 25. Wrightsviile s opening date has not yet been an nounced. Outside fishing also opened to some extent yesterday as several (Continued on Page Ten) U. S. Foreign Policy Rapped By Lindbergh Calls For End Of ‘Hyster ical Chatter Of Calamity And Invasion’ ASKS DEFINITE PLAN Declares Cooperation Of Americas Would Make Air Defense Simple WASHINGTON, May 19— UP) — -ailing for an end to "hysterical shatter of calamity and invasion,” lolonel Charles A. Lindbergh told he American people tonight that hey need have no fear of attack tnless they bring it on through luarreling and meddling with affairs ibroad. The cooperation of western hemi sphere nations would make simple he air defense of America, the coun ty’s best known flier declared in in address prepared for a nation wide (CBS) broadcast. Criticizes New Deal By implication Colonel Lindbergh sharply criticized administration 'oreign policies. Without specific mention of Presi lent Roosevelt's recent recommen vuiigicoa. max me nation Plan for an air force of 60,000 planes :ie said: “Until we have decided upon a lefinite policy of defense, the mere construction of large numbers of air craft will not be adequate for our national safety.” "We need a greater air force, a greater army, and a greater navy; :hey have been inadequate for many years,” the famous flier added. “Let us form with our neighbor os' nations a clear cut and definite policy of American defense. But ibove all, let us stop this hysterical chatter of calamity and invasion chat has been running rife these last cew days. It is not befitting to the people who built this nation.” Attacks Course Colonel Lindbergh contended that ‘the course we have been following n recent months leads to neither strength nor friendship nor peace.” “It will leave us hated by the vic cor and vanquished alike, regard ess of which way the tide of battle urns. One'side will claim that we lided its enemies; the other, that we lid not help enough.” "Regardless of which side wins chis war,” he said, “there is no reas pn, aside from our own actions, to prevent a continuation of peaceful relationships between America and che countries of Europe. “If we desire peace, we need only cop asking for war. No one wishes :o attack us, and no one is in a position to do so.” Colonel Lindbergh voiced his views pn aerial defenses two days after che President, in a message stress ng “the possibility of attack on vi cal American zones,” submitted to congress a request for $1,182,000,000 ’or arms. He spoke on the eve of the 13th mniversary of the start of his fam pus New York-to-Paris flight. An Asset In Europe, he said, the develop nent of air power had affected Eng and adversely and Germany advan cageously. For America, he continu 'd, aviation was an asset, adding :o her national safety. Advising cooperation with neigh por nations so that South American pases couln be usen for defensive (Continued on Page Ten) CHICAGO BOARD OF TRADE PEGS GRAIN PRICES TO HALT PLUNGE IN EXCHANGE CHICAGO, May 19.—i/P)—'The Chicago board of trade today pegged grain prices to halt the plunge that sent wheat down about 30 cents in six days as German armies crashecLjJgpgh defense lines in Holland.-’^pBlum and France. In an emergency move with few precedents in modern his tory, the market acted at the governmnet’s request to stop the precipitate price fall, which has reduced the potential market value of this year’s wheat crop by around $200,000,000 at present figures. * Directors voted to prohibit trading in grain futures at prices below closing levels Saturday, wheu yvheat tumbled 10 cents a bushel in one of the most sensa tional collapses of the price structure since the World war. The “Black Saturday” session was the third time within a week that wheat dropped the full 10-cent limit permitted by market rules in one day of trading Announcement of the action was made by Fred H. Clutton, secretary of the board of trade, in a formal statement which said: “The directors at a special meeting today, in compliance with the request of Henry A. Wallace, secretary of agricul ture, ordered that beginning at the opening of trading, Monday morning, May 20, and effective until further notice, there shall be no future trading in wheat, corn, oats, rye or soy beans on any day at prices below the fol lowing minimums: Wheat—May 79, July 78 1-2, September 78 1-4, December 79 1-4 I Corn — May 59 3-4, July 59, September 58 1-2, December 57 3-4. Oats—May 37 1-2, July 33 1-4, September 31. Rye—May 43 1-2, July 44 1-2, September 46 1-2. Soy beans—May 91 3r4, July 89 1-2, October 77. Other grain exchanges in the nation took similar action. The Kansas City board of trade an nounced that wheat and corn prices would be pegged at Sat urday’s closing levels there. (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) • 4 NAZIS CLAIM ALLIES LOSING GROUND ON ALL FRONTS AND SUFFERING MANY CASUALTIES GERMANS TAKE FORT Area Given To Belgium After World War Rein corporated Into Reich BRITISH BOMB TANKS GERMANY BERLIN, May 19.—(AP) The Allies, under heavy Ger man pressure, were said to night to be losing ground all along the Belgian and French fronts, having yielded more than 100,000 prisoners and suffered heavy casualties. As Adolf Hitler’s mighty war machine rolled south ward into France and west ward toward the North Sea coast facing England, Nazi military experts were elated particularly by capture of “Fort 505” in the Maginot line. Seizure Reported Seizure of the fortification “in the fight northwest of Montmedy” was reported in the high command’s com munique. DNB, official German news agency, described the forti fication as one of France’s n(-w/\«/vno4- n M vn/lioof'orl if was taken by storm. Attacking Germans threw their full force at the fort despite heavy defense fire, DNB said, in contrast to the sudden German capture of Fort Eben Emael in Belgium by use of a new, secret weapon. (Montmedy, west of France’s frontier with Lux embourg, is in a fortified belt north of the Maginot line which, the Allies say, ends at Luxembourg.) Erases "Dictate” Hitler, meanwhile, erased another Versailles “dictate” by reincorporat ing into Germany the Eupen-Mai medy-Moresnet territory lost to Bel gium in the World war settlement. The high command, reporting ris ing numbers of Allied prisoners and increasing quantities of captured war booty, declared that "up to now. not counting the Dutch army, pris oners number 110.000 and countless artillery up to 28-centimeter (11-inch) guns have been captured." Allied losses also have been heavy, DNB said, particularly because of air and tank attacks on retreating columns. On the other hand, it re ported, German losses during the lightning advance have been "rela tively small.’’ In contrast to the World war when, in the same area, positions were open and fought over for weeks, the agency explained, in this (Continued on Page Ten) -■-—-* Britain Calls Workmen For Warplane Industry LONDON, May 19—(/P)—Great Britain urgently called skilled workmen for her warplane in dustry today and transferred 10, 000 children from eastern and southern coastal towns. Back of both moves was the fear of aerial blitzkrieg from German bases just across the North sea in conquered territory of the Netherlands and Belgium. Britons found tentative com fort in the lack of any official acknowledgement of further withdrawal on the Belgian front. A morning communique from general headquarters announced simply that “the British front held firmly yesterday in the face of strong enemy pressure.” The air ministry, giving further details of previously re ported forays over Germany Fri day night, said the raids extend ed from Hamburg in the north to Sedan, France, in the south. More than 300 bombs were dropped on oil depots at Bremen, and similar establishments at Hamburg were said to have been bombed from 8 p. m. Friday to Saturday’s dawn. Road a n d rail bridges across the Meuse river also were reported heavily damaged. Still other targets were air dromes, troop columns and road and rail junctions. The air ministry said that at least 20 German planes were shot down by British fighters ranging the western front and Germany’s western interior, and that R. A. F. bombers had de (Continued on Page Ten) Ciano Says Italy Awaits Her Say In European War [PRECAUTIONS TAKEN Foreign Minister Asserts Nation Must Wait Until Mussolini Speaks ITALY ROME, May 19.—<2P>—Italy “must say and will say” her word in Euro pean events, and only awaits “the order of the day,” Count Galeazzo Ciano, foreign minister, told the Italian people today as air raid pre cautions were ordered for areas in the northern part of the country, facing France. “Italy cannot remain a stranger to events in European life,” Ciano said in a speech at Milan, but the people must wait until Mussolini speaks to know what to do next. “Not A Stranger” “Italy of the Ethiopian undertak ing and victories in Spain is not a stranger nor can it be a stranger to events in European life in which Rome must and will say its word,” he continued. Ciano spoke briefly on the first an niversary of the signing of "the pact of- steel,” the Italian-German mili tary alliance. While Ciano was speaking in Mi lan a rumor circulated in Rome that Premier Mussolini was planning to speak tomorrow night from his bal cony at the Palazzo Venezia. It was in the spirit of her vic tories, Ciano said, that Italy was hastening, “these new tasks for which it will be called.” These tasks, he said, were dictated by “the necessity of finally achieving our aspirations.” To Keep Faith Italy, he said, in what appeared to be a reference to the alliance with Germany, “intends to keep faith in her engagements and like wise her greater destiny.” Ciano said he knew the people (Continued on Page Ten) T ————————— ——— IRA Claims Its Bomb Sank Troop Transport BELFAST, Northern Ireland. May 19— (/P) —A secret radio station of the outlawed Irish republic army broadcast the as sertion today that British troop ship carrying 2,800 men was sunk on the way to the Skager rak by explosives placed by the IRA. The broadcast was announced by street posters. It said the ship was on its way from Hull, England, when blown u». The broadcast further declared IRA bombs had damaged a Brit ish ammunition factory. ROTTERDAM RAIDS TAKE 100,000 LIVES Third Of Dutch City De stroyed Before It Sur rendered To Germany LONDON, May 19.— <JP>—At least 100,000 people were killed and a third of Rotterdam destroyed when the Germans bombed that Nether lands seaport before its surrender, a Dutch legation communique from Paris, as quoted by British news agency dispatches, said today. Two squadrons of German bomb ers with delayed action bombs flew over Rotterdam in close formation, the communique said, dropping a deadly cargo of heavy bombs that "ploughed a veritable furrow of destruction.” Scenes reminiscent of Dante’s “Inferno” ensued, with fires and explosions “everywhere,” the com munique related. Bombing operations were con ducted from an estimated 4,500 feet. Buildings over an area of more than five square miles were de stroyed, the communique added. "A moderate estimate," it con tinued, “is that in this monstrous work of destruction, horrifying as a nightmare and absolutely with out precedent, at least 100,000 people must have perished." COMMITTEE FORMED NEW YORK, May 19.—(IP)—For mation of a "committee to defend America by aiding the Allies” was announced tonight by William Allen White, chairman. The Kansas City editor said hundreds of influential Americans had accepted membership, among them former Secretary of State Henry L. Stimson, Gov. Her- ' bert H. Lehman of New York, Col. Frank Knox, Chicago publisher, and Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, presi dent of Columbia university. 80 MILES FROM PARIS French Expected To Know Soon Whether Nazis Will Drive Toward Ports NAZIS SUFFER LOSSES FRANCE * PARIS, May 19.—(AP) — France tonight named an adopted son, General Max ime Weygand, generalissimo of the Allied armies in place of Maurice Gustave Gamelin and called upon him to halt the German blitzkrieg which an official spokesman de scribed as the “greatest of fensive of modern warfare.” Weygand, a 73-year-old general, known during the World war as^ the “Shadow” and right hand man of Gen eralissimo Foch, was given command of Allied forces in “all theaters of operations” as German light units pound ed at the gates of the tex tile manufacturing city of St. Quentin, 80 miles north of Paris. One Phase The fight on the outskirts of St. Quentin was one phase of a German push which the French expected to tell with in 24 hours whether the Nazis would drive on toward the channel ports or turn southward down the Oisp river vallev toward Paris. In the St. Quentin sector the Germans hurled a motor ized army corps, estimated - at about 60,000 men at least, into a fierce battle between Guise and Landrecies. The French high command re ported tonight that its troops “are opposing stubborn re sistance to the enemy” in that area. The high command said Allied fighters and anti-air craft guns had inflicted heavy losses during attempt ed bombing raids. Native Of Brussels General Weygand, a native o£ Brussels who became a citizen of France at the age of 20, was taken from his post as commander of the French forces in the Near East to succeed Generalissimo Gameiin (Continued on Page Ten) Cash-Raising Want-Ad Results Are Produced Every Day . . . 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