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AIMS DISCUSSED BY METHODISTS Nearly 2,000 Persons At tending Conferences In Asheville ASHEVILLE. May 23—1TP)— Per manent objectives of the Methodist church, as outlined by Bishop U. V. W. Darlington of Huntington, W. Va., furnished discussion topics today for the 2,000 persons attend ing the church’s southeastern jur isdictional conference. Bishop Edwin Holt Hughes of Hew York, senior active Methodist bishop in the Americas, was pro grammed as the regular afternoon speaker. He will retire after the northeastern jurisdictional confer ence next month. Bishop Darlington said yesterday in the Episcopal message that one of the church’s most important ob jectives was to fight “whatever harms man” and support "what ever helps man.” The church, he said, “will not be the tool of any ‘ism’.” The nine states constituting the southeastern jurisdiction, he said, contain the most compact body of Methodists found anywhere in the world and that the jurisdiction had problems peculiar to the territory He referred, as an example, to the Negro Methodist Episcopal church, reminding that it was a body organized by the Methodist Episcopal church, south, one of the three units which now compose the Methodist church. “To this Negro church,” the bishop said, "we of the south have a historic obliga tion which must be acknowledged ana cuscnargea. The five-fold purpose of the wo man’s missionary society, he con tinued, "offer unlimited field of Christian service.” Governor Hoey, a prominent Methodist layman, welcomed the delegates. He said that while he believed peace would come for "our nation and the world,” Amer icans could not "live in a world ol force and calmly wait untouched and unprepared. I do not see how we could help by participating in this war, but I believe the time has come for America to take pre cautions for herself in defensive purposes so that dictators will un derstand American can take care of herself and is willing to fight for peach in this land and on this continent.” The Rev. Lud H. Estes of Mem phis, Tenn., was elected confer ence secretary. Daughters Of America To End Sessions Today GREENSBORO, May 23. — UP) — Election of officers featured today's session of the 14th annual conven tion of the state council of North Carolina, Daughters of America. Memorial services were conducted by Peace Council No. 9. Mrs. Maude V. Nigh of Morgan down, W. Va., national councilor, was the banquet speaker last night. The meeting will end today with the appointment of standing com mittees and installation of officers. PLEASANT—AND SAFE RALEIGH, N. C.—(51—Children at the North Carolina Institute for the Blind are taught to swim. Officials say they love it and tha1 ft is an excellent way for them tc exercise, since they cannot stum ble and fall. ‘‘Our average drug bill has dropped from 60 to 75 per cenl since the pool was built,” says Supt. G. E. Lineberry. IN HOLLYWOOD BY BILL PORTER NEA Service Staff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD—“If you go out looking for enemies you’ll find them. If you look for friends you’ll find friends. I came here with the idea of making friends. I did. I know everyone in the crew,” said 13-year-old Betty Brewer when asked how she was getting along on her first picture. Betty’s one of the most charm ing, intelligent little girls in Hol lywood. She looks you directly in the eye. It’s impossible to doubt, even though some of her story is hard to believe. Today Betty Brewer is playing a lead in her first picture, “Rang ers of Fortune,” with Fred Mac Murray. But it wasn’t very long ago that Betty’s family was on re lief. Likely, the Brewers will never suffer from want aga.n. Betty looks like star material. She moved from her home town of Joplin, Mo., to Sacramento, Calif., in July, 1938, because her father, a carpenter, believed he could find work there. The job didn’t materialize, but Betty and her sister, Ilene, 11, discovered they could sing. They made a little money on the radio in San Francisco. I n June, 1939, the family moved to Hollywood with the idea of get ting the children into the movies. The young brother, Monte, 7, had by this time joined his two sisters as a singer. nr. 111 • ■ HAD AN IDEA They sang on the radio and in a couple of short subjects, but nothing important happened. Then Betty Brewer had her idea. “There are a lot of ways to break into the movies,” Betty said, “but whatever you do has to be unusual. We sang. We made the rounds of the studios singing for everybody even when they told us it wouldn’t do any good. And we made the rounds of the night clubs and sang on the side walks when the crowds were com ing out. “One night Mr. Wood heard us when he was coming out of The Beachcombers and he asked me to come to the studio. So here I am working. And Ilene is my stand in and Monte has a bit in the pic ture. I’m going to do my best. If that isn’t good enough then all right. I’ll have done my best and that’s all I can do.” Betty, strangely enough, is the business head of her family. She looks over contracts, approves or disapproves them. She tells a story about an agent who ap proached her when she was work ing on the radio: “He asked me if I would like to be in the movies and I said I would. So he asked where he could reach my mother. I told him I handle all contracts but he could see my mother if he wanted to. So next day he showed up with a contract. “My mother read it and said she thought it was alright. Then I read it over. When I came to the part that said 10 per cent for agent fee, 10 per cent for dra matic training, 10 per cent for voice lessons and 10 per cent for something else, I can’t remember what, I said, ‘This means you get 40 per cent of my salary.’ Bigbt then he started to shout and I knew then and there he was a crook because anyone who has anything to say doesn't have to shout.” Betty Brewer is a little girl with snapping, brown eyes and light brown, long hair. Her smile comes easy. Director Sam Wood, who discov ered Betty, is more than enthu siastic. Byrnes Takes Lindy To Task For Attack On Arms Program WASHINGTON, May 23.—(^Pi Senator Byrnes (D-S. C.) charged Col. Charles A. Lindbergh last night with advocating an ostrich-like at titude for the American people in the present international situation. The senator’s radio speech was re garded as an administration reply to one by the aviator criticizing Roosevelt foreign policies. Recalling that Lindbergh had ac cepted a decoration from the Nazi government, Byrnes asked: “When Mr. Lindbergh says ‘no one wishes to attack us’, is he authorized to speak for Hitler or Goering? "Can the American people, in the light of recent history, accept the assurance of this young gentleman that if we do not ask for war, it will not come? “^Did China ask for war? Did Czechoslovakia, Poland, Denmark, Norway, Holland and Belgium ask for war? No, not one of them did. Yet today these nations have been wiped out and their men, women and children slaughtered.” Lindbergh is no more qualified to offer advice on America’s foreign policy, Byrnes asserted, “than 'Wrong Way’ Corrigan or any other aviator who may fly the Atlantic ocean.” Turning to the aviator’s state ments that there had been “hysteri cal chatter of calamity and invasion” and that a “definite policy” of de fense was needed, Byrnes said: “Even Mr. Lindbergh at the end of his hysterical protest against oth er people becoming hysterical about our national defense program, ad mitted that ‘we need p. greater air force, a greater army and a greater navy,’ and nowhere indicated in what respect the President's program is defective.” “Why then does Mr. Lindbergh try to create the impression that the American people are being rushed hastily and impulsively into a na tional defense program?" Byrnes asked. He declared that England and France had been lulled into a false sense of security by men expressing the same international philosophy which Lindbergh voiced in his radio speech Sunday night. Medical Care By LOGAN CLENDENING, M. D. A mother rat who has been de prived of certain vitamins in her diet does not seem to have much connection with the cure of cases of paralysis, but such association has been made through recent re search. Vitamin E, which is found in most green vegetables, has been known as the "sterility vitamin.” If removed from the diet of female animals, they are unable to pro duce litters. Dr. Herbert Evans, of the Uni versity of California, thought it might be interesting to take a mother rat who had just been de livered of a litter, remove vitamin E from her diet, hence from her milk, and see what would happen to the progeny. He was expecting some change in the reproductive functions, but to his surprise he found that most of the little rats developed a peculiar form of para lysis before the tenth day of life. When he added vitamin E to their diet, the paralysis disappeared. Tried It in Paralysis A New York neurologist heard him read a paper on this subject and thought he would like to try out the effect of vitamin E on some cases of obscure paralysis. The particular cases of paralysis had to do with muscular atrophy. One such case was that of amyo trophic lateral sclerosis of the spin al cord. With the use of concentra ted vitamin E. this case was cur ed, the first time on record for this disease. London clinicians report that in children with muscular atrophy re sults of treatment with vitamin E v/ere remarkable. Every patient except one, which was treated for six weeks, improved. The results have been compara ble to the results obtained in per nicious anemia. Fifteen years ago this was considered an incurable malady, and nobody supposed that the changes that had occurred in the stomach and blood and bone marrow were capable of assist ance by any form of medication. But the use of liver extract has shown that these grave anatomical defects can actually be overcome. Up to the present time it has been supposed that any time a nerve cell was destroyed or a mus cle was destroyed, the outlook for regeneration was hopeless. Wheth er the use of vitamin E in these cases proves highly successful or not, at any rate the demonstration so far has changed the pessimistic view of doctors concerning nerve regeneration, and paralysis is a combination of a change in a mus cle and a nerve. we are coming to believe that it is impossible to say which is more important. We do not know literally where the nerve leaves off and the muscle begins. It may be that in many forms of paralysis the muscle atrophy occurs first and involves the nerve secondarily. The new vitamin E appears to affect the muscle more than the nerve cell, but it is unimportant except as a theoretical discussion. The happy and encouraging thing is that these cases which have heretofore seemed so hopeless may possibly be helped. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS J. T. G.; “Please give me the symptoms of colitis and a diet for it.” Answer—Colitis is an inflamma tion of the large intestine. How ever, it has come to mean that anyone who has an irritable colon or is “colon conscious” is labeled v/ith the diagnosis of “colitis.” The diet should be mild and free from rcughage. The principal treatment in most cases, however, unless it is a specific colitis such as amoe bic, is to encourage the patient to forget his symptoms and eat ra ther widely. A diet recommended soups—tomato, pea, celery, etc.; oatmeal and rice—these thorough ly boiled for at least 2 hours ir order to break up cellulose husks— served with cream and sugar; eggs—soft boiled, poached, coddl ed, scrambled; toast and toasted crackers; potatoes—mashed and baked; mashed peas; carrots; spinach; ice cream and ices; cus tards; tapioca; wine jelly; rice pudding; orange juice. Avoid friec foods, meat of all kinds, fruit, ve getables with a heavy residue, sa lads, highly-spiced foods and but ter. G. O.: “What is the difference be tween the staphylococcus germ and the streptococcus germ” Answer—The difference betweer the two germs, in the first place is in their form; in the second place, in their effect on the tissues of the body. Both of them are small, round organisms, but the staphyloccocus grows in bunches RALEIGH BRIEFS Star-News Bureau Sir Walter Hotel BY HENRY AVERILL RALEIGH, May 23.—The informa tion isn't absolutely authentic; but word reaches your Raleigh reporter from a trustworthy source that early risers in Chapel Hill last Friday were startled to see flying from the university flagpole (where Old Glory is usually displayed) a huge swastika banner. Page the Dies committee forthwith and pronto. At St. Mary’s college here they’ve been having sign trouble in large doses. A big board was erected on the campus on which something or other will sometime or other be painted, in all probability. But while they’ve been waiting to put the official sign on it, pranksters have been having their fun. One morning the board carried the legend “Goon Castle.” That having been washed off, there then appeared “Cherry i Farms”— which has been covered with a piece of cardboard nailed over it. The first primary in the current gubernatorial race is still a couple of days off, but that hasn't deterred folks from talking about candidates in 1944.” Latest was a boom for former State Senator John H. Folger, chair man of the North Carolina for Roosevelt movement. Postcards have been sent out with nothing on them but a typed “John H. Folger for governor in 1944.” So that name can be added to a list which already includes Sandy Graham, Gregg Cherry, Judge Wil son Warlick and, of course, Dr. Ralph W. McDonald. Supporters of Lieutenant Governor Wilkins P. Horton are proclaiming loudly and lustily that the apparent gain in strength by Commissioner like grapes and the streptococcus grows in chains. The staphylococ cus, after it invades the body, pro duces an inflammation not of a pus-like character. Both produce fever and both produce what is known as "sepsis.” Carolina News Shorts^_ (By the Associated Press) DURHAM — Letterman elected Glenn Price, forward, and Tom Connelly, guard, as co-captains of Duke university’s 1941 basketball team. SHORES ELECTED DURHAM—First Baseman Eddie Shokes of Charleston, S. C., has been elected captain of Duke uni versity’s 1941 baseball team. SUDAN TEMPLE ELIZABETH CITY — Business meetings and ceremonial sessions, at which new candidates were giv en the Shrine rites, occupied dele gates to the spring ceremonial of Sudan Temple today. A parade and fish fry completed the afternoon’s program. A poten tate’s ball was arranged for to night. KATE REDUCTION RALEIGH—A survey of 1939 ex perience with the workmen’s com pensation premiums indicate a re duction of more than 10 per cent will be made in the cost of the insurance to employers, State In surance Commissioner Dan C. Bo ney said today. Boney said that would mean a saving to employers of more than 3340,000, as the premium volume last year totaled $3,400,000. CHAPEL HILL — University ol North Carolina students livenec their "Keep Out of Europe’s War' demonstration today by broadcast ing over the campus quotations from speeches by famous Ameri cans condemning war. Automobiles bearing anti-war banners toured the village. WAKE FOREST—The captain o1 Wake Forest's 1941 baseball team will be Dick Hoyle of Zebulon, stai shortstop. of Revenue Allen J. Maxwell Is du< quite largely to propaganda deliber ately put out by the J. M. Broughtor camp. Their counter-propaganda is tha Horton would be much more likelj to win against Broughton in a sec ond primary, wherefore the Raleigl lawyer’s backers want to get Max well into the ring with their cham pion, rather than Horton. What they do not point out is tha two weeks ago they were themselve: among the loudest in claiming tha Maxwell was gaining at Broughtor expense. The North Carolina Federation o Women’s Clubs won the $50 firs prize for the most outstanding safe ty mark done in the entire country it was reported by the highway safe ty division. The award was made b; the annual convention of the Nation al Federation of Women’s club a Milwaukee. Mrs. E. W. Griffin, of King: Mountain, was state safety chair man for the Tar Heel federation las club year. Nobody is telling about it yet (a least up to the time this was typed) but there are rumors that the ballo scandal isn’t confidned to the thin congressional and Charlie Abernethy There are reports that a simila; situation is being probed in the west Speaking of investigations. Ton Cooper didn’t get one from Highwa: Chairman Frank Dunlap and wouli probably have been very much dis appointed if he had. BEHIND THE SCENES IN WASHINGTON WASHINGTON—A compact un der which ah American firm mak ing important military devices for the U. S. army and navy was obliged to permit German inspect ion of processes and inventions used in that production is revealed in a document recently filed in the U. S. district court at New York. That document is a bill for parti culars filed April 26 by the Depart ment of Justice in connection with an anti-trust indictment returned a month earlier by a federal grand jury, against the Bausch Lomt Optical Co. The indictment accuses Bausch & Lomb of combining with the German firm of Carl Zeiss to di vide markets and maintain price: on military optical instruments In the bill of particulars is ar agreement made between the twe concerns in 1926, slightly modify ing an earlier compact dated 1921 COMPANY SET UP MILITARY DEPARTMENT Under this compact, Bausch 5 Lomb agreed to set up a mili tary department under Zeiss’; guidance. Zeiss was to grant U. S manufacturing rights under it: patents, and collect royalties oi all Bausch Lomb sales. Aftei stipulating a mutual exchange o manufacturing knowledge ant mutual access to each other’ plants, this agreement states: “Each party shall place at thi disposition of the other, invention: in the military line acquired fron a third party, under the same fav orable conditions under which i itself is making use of them. “If Bausch & Lomb should ac quire patent righis not resultin; from the Zeiss co-operation bu independent thereform, from em ployes of Bausch & Lomb, these patents shall also be at the dis posal of Carl Zeiss. “The mutual obligation regard ing the exchange of military de signs shall be void whenever the highest home government ol on6 party expressly demands that they be kept in confidence in the in terests of the nation.” The compact stipulated the mil itary department set up by Bausch and Lomb was to be “responsible solely to the board of directors.” U. S. FIRM REFUSED TO SELL ABROAD Under the agreement, the American firm was to refuse to sell military eqpipment outside of the United States without Zeiss’s consent. The bill of particulars cites numerous cases in which it charges specific sales were t down: e lumec August 23, 1939: Ar.ti height and range finder*' Vn'rf'1'8* rine range finders, to the ~a' of Defense. Finland ' ,;slrJ March 30, 1938: Stereo k finders, to the British emba« ™ June 8, 1937: Airplane m-hV. gun sighting device* to r - c”' : E» S Feb. 6, 1936: Telemeters ,n t military aviation school'V° ®* Janeiro. ' ' Jl Department, 0f Justice irv. • gators dug up this agreement of all places—the files c* T curities and Exchange Com * sion in Washington, where it j been reposing for many morln,'al a completely uninspected n ‘31 document. They stumbled nn ! while making a routine cLi ' SEC files. ilec< <i VOTE FOR R. N. (BOB) KERMON FOR HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES | Who believes that Wilmington must obtain man ufacturing plants, develop her port and resorts for future growth. BOTTLED-IN-BOND 100 proof. Copyright 1940, Schenley Distillers Corporation, New York City. “U i| A Year of Action Results j || in The Old North State’s j || i(Clean Up or Close Up” Campaign J II Twelve months ago the North Carolina beer industry went mto action n 11 to commence weeding out those relatively few beer retailers who, by | 11 practices unbecoming good citizens, tended to bring reproach on the A I I great law-abiding majority. “Clean Up or Close Up” was the ulti- | ! ! matum issued them and we feel that our action results speak for II themselves. j,1 ] [ To date, 78 beer licenses have been revoked—revoked because 78 i I I beer dealers used their licenses to shield illegal activities. Thus are ! ! being removed the bad spots that, left alone, would smear the repu- j, II tation of the thousands who operate within the bounds of decency I 11 and ethical business conduct. 11 As a new year begins, this committee states anew its determination ] [ to carry forward aggressively its now well-established program ... | l|l and asks continuance of your alertness to patronize only decent, j | | reputable beer outlets. j j Brewers and North Carolina Beer Distributors Committee j j | EDGAR H. BAIN, State Director (l J | | 813-817 Commercial Building Raleigh, N. C. j. 1 SPECIAL CASH OFFER i 50$ I || VAfEEl^ BRAND NEW | aW.EEK on GOODRICH j OUR.BUDGET’pLAN COMMANDER : PUTS A GOODRICH | SILVERTOWN TIRE TIRES WITH LIFETIME ON YOUR CAR GUARANTEE | Think of it! For as little as 50< a Everytire in this saIe is a genuine week you can ride on the famous full-dimension,Goodrich-built Goodrich Safety Silvertown Tire tire backed by America’s oldest k witl? 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