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Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington S'ar-News At The Murchison Biilding R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher Telephone All Departments _2800__ Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton. N. C, Postoffice Under Act of Congress _ of March 3, 1879__ Subscription Rates bt Cabbieb Payable Weekly or in Advance Comhina Star News tior, 1 Week ...1-20 $ .16 3 .£0 3 Months . ■ • 2.60 1.96 3.90 6 Months .. 6.20 3.90 7.80 1 Year .........10.40 7 80 15.60 Netos rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News_ Bt Mail Payable Strictly in Advance ComMnor Star Newt tion 1 Month ...76 1-50 3 .90 8 Months .J;gg \f0 llo 1 Yearh .-•••••••••. 8.00 6 00 10 00 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News (Daily Without Sunday) 1 Month.3.50 6 Months „...33.00 3 Months. 1-50 1 Year . 6.00 (Sunday Only) 1 Month .3 .20 6 Months .....31.25 3 Months.65 12 Months . 2.50 Card of Thanks charged for at the rate of 25 cents per line. Count five words to line. The Associated Press is entitled to the exclusive use of all news stories appearing in The Wilmington Star ' FRIDAY, MAY 24, 1940 Star-News Program Consolidated City-County Government under Council-Manager Administration. Public Port Terminals. Perfected Truck and Berry Preserving and Marketing Facilities. Arena for Sports and Industrial Shows. Seaside Highway from Wrightsville Beach to Bald Head Island. Extension of City Limits• ' ' So-Foot Cape Fear River channel, wid er Turning Basin, with ship lanes into industrial sites along Eastern bank south of Wilmington. Paved River Road to Southport, via Orton Plantation. Development of Pulp Wood Produc tion through sustained-yield methods throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Unified Industrial and Resort Pro motional Agency, supported by one, county-wide tax. Shipyards and Drydock. Negro Health Center for Southeastern North Carolina, developed around the Community Hospital. Adequate hospital facilities for whites. Junior High School. Tobacco Warehouse for Export Buyers. Development of native grape growing throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Modern Tuberculosis Sanatorium. TOP ’0 THE MORNING “What is the value of this estatet” said a gentleman to another with whom he was rid ing, as they passed a fine mansion surrounded by fair and fertile fields. “I don’t know what it is valued at. I know what it cost its late possessor.” “How much?” “His soul.’’ From, “The King’s Business.” ALLIED PROGRESS There is no reason at this time to believe the miracle has been performed, but the fact that the German thrusts toward Paris and the channel have stood practically still for 72 hours and that the Weygand counter-ofiensive has retaken Arras is a good omen at least. It shows that the Allies at last are fight ing on Hitler’s terms and meeting blow with blow. We dare not hope that this is the dark ness before dawn, which inevitably yields to the sunrise. But it is something that the Ger man high command, which has sent the Nazi forces ahead at a minimum of 25 miles a day heretofore, acknowledges that it has been “tem porarily” stopped. Paris, which would have fall en two days ago if the customary advance had been maintained, is still untaken, and London, which would have been within bombing dis tance in even less time under the old Nazi momentum, has not heard the drone of enemy bombers. The German swing northward through Bel gium had for its object not only the taking oi channel ports but the separation of English and Belgian forces from the French army tc the south. The movement has come perilouslj hear to accomplishment. Achieved, it woulc leave from a half million to a million soldiers without support or supplies, to cut to pieces by the Hitler juggernaut. But it has not beer fully achieved. The first step General Weygand took, wher he assumed command, was to organize his counter offensive with the same objective ir mind for the foe; that is, to throw a lino across the top of the German spearhead and so cut of the Nazi northern force from supplies and re inforcements pouring in over seized railroads and highways and leave von Reiciienac with out support. It is too soon to assume that this is possible of being carried out. But it has been started and for three days the Germans have been checked. The Allies are fighting with the advantage that their supplies are no immediately threatened and that new division are constantly arriving on the battle line whereas Hitler is exhausting his stock of gasc line and munitions many times faster than h can replace them in the tremendous effort t win before they are consumed, and reinforce ments are slowed down. Premier Reynaud of France told his nation that if the Germans can be held for a month the foundation of an Allied victory will have been laid. As matters stand now it will require much less time tban that, if Weygand is able to carry out his counter offensive. TO A BETTER DAY DURING an open discussion on projects for Wilmington during the Kiwanis club’s luncheon meeting on Wednesday there was un animous opinion that the city has suffered from lack of leadership and unity. There has been too much time devoted to inconclusive, rambling talk of this and that and too little time and effort devoted to a united, construc tive program for advancement. There has been too much satisfaction -with things as they are, and have been. We cannot hope to get ahead until there is complete dissatisfaction with present inaction. If the discussion had ended there it -would have heen characteristic of the recent past and held no more promise than similar talk often indulged in and leading only to deeper gloom. But it was not allowed to stop there. It was decided to interest the other civic clubs in a joint venture, through a committee represent ing all, with the object of adopting a program of prime importance to the city in which every unit would have a part. A committee is to be named during the week to present the plan to other civic ciubs and solicit their cooperation. The program, neces sarily, is undetermined at this time, and will be left to the composite opinion of the joint committee, to be submitted to all clubs for approval, or improvement. Here is a proposal which offers Wilmington something to sink its teeth in. It can result in great benefit if backed up. It will inevit ably develop the needed leadership and it can put Wilmington in the forefront of progressive communities with a concerted effort, and, the setting aside of petty differences and prejud ices. The summer lies ahead for organization, for drafting a program. When the winter of 1940 comes, Wilmington can be ready for 6uch a campaign for business and industrial better ment as few have dared to dream. It but re mains for the several civic clubs to put their shoulders to the wheel. Why not do it? THE VOICE OF BERLIN? When Colonel Lindbergh delivered his pro vokative radio address he invited, not only wide criticism but charges of pro-Germanism as well. Senator Bybnes. in what is generally accept ed as the administration’s reply to the pioneer Atlantic flier, emphasized this, in his remarks before the mike on Wednesday night, when he invited his hearers to remember that Lind bergh had accepted a decoration from Hitler. Now, it may be that Lindbergh is not pro Nazi but is at heart still a loyal American with lofty ideals and only misled by false prophets and long residence abroad; but it is obvious that his conclusions, as voiced the other night, are strongly on the “fifth column’’ side and but for his lofty station would probably make him liable to an invitation from the Dies un American investigating committee. Senator Byrnes asked: “When Mr. Lind bergh says, ‘no one wishes to attack us,’ is he authorized to rpeak for Hitler or for Goering?” This thought has been in the minds of many since Mr. Lindbergh first began to give the public and the government the benefit of his advice on international affairs. It would perhaps lift a cloud from his repu tation for him to bare his secret incentive and the source of his employment. FOREIGN BONDS The severe depreciation since last Septem ber, and especially since early April, in some of the foreign bonds long considered prime investments, is causing heartaches in many homes and among banks. The report of the comptroller of the currency on the condi tion of all banks in the United States at the end of last year shows $283,462,000 of foreign bonds owned. It is fair to assume that a majority of these holdings were in French, Belgian, Cana dian, Australian, Danish and Norwegian bonds—issues which had enjoyed a high in vestment rating before the war came. If truth is the first casualty in a war, the cre dit of invaded countries is easily the second. Incidentally, in the foreign bond market some people think that they have figured out a war hedge. If, say, a Danish or Norwegian issue and a German government issue are j bought at present deflated prices, the recov ery in the price of the obligation of the vic tor in the war, it is claimed, would more than offset the loss which might be suffered in the bond of the vanquished. ANOTHER DICTATOR War creates strange situations. This war is between a dictator and the European demo cracies. It is between two principles of govern men which are poles apart. Yet, in its determ ination to overthrow the dictator, if that be possible at this late date, the chief of the two democracies arranyed against the dicta tor sets up a dictatorship. Great Britain, the leading democracy of Europe, places in one i man’s hands full authority over its lives and i wealth, with power to say what shall be done, i what taken, what omitted. , But there is this great difference between i the dictatorship In England and in Germany, i In England it is voluntary and the power that , sets it up can recall it. In Germany it was - seized and only revolution could tear it down, i Chuuchill. the British dictator cannot call o parliament into session. Only the king can do that. In Germany the reichstag is subject only to Hitler’s orders. But, so far as authority is concerned, Wins ton Churchill is as absolute today in London as Hitler is in Berlin. And that’s among the war’s strongest, let us hope happiest, by-pro ducts. IN THE SAME HARNESS It is not fully apparent what effect it can have on the world’s destiny, but it must mean something that King Victor Emanuele of Italy has conferred on Herman Goering the right to call him cousin. The right goes with the bestowal of some sort of horse collar on Hitler's air chief. Per haps it shows that the two are ready to work in the same harness. Editorial Comments From Other Angles THE PARAMOUNT NEED New York Herald-Tribune The War Department tabulation of exist ing equipment stocks in comparison with the totals requested under the emergency program shows something- of the size of the rearma ment problem so far as the ground troops are concerned.. The Army has but 141 modern ized 75's on hand, and is asking for ten times as many. It has but twenty-eight light and medium infantry tanks; it is asking for 928. And so on through the list. But even the requested totals often seem almost ridiculously small beside the giant forces which Hitler has flung into the conquest of the world. Fourteen hundred light field guns would be swallowed up in a single corner of the vast Flanders battlefield. Of the heavy tanks — the thirty-ton monsters which have proved the surprise and terror of the German ad vance—the War Department has none and requests none. The War Department list indicates some thing of the size of the true task ahead; it does not so clearly reveal its complexity. This equipment program may do as a starter, but can it be any more than a starter? Is it not already outdated in some respects by the les sons of the Flanders fighting? And just what military' function is the Army, under this equipment program or any other that may be adopted, being prepared to fulfill? Who is analyzing such questions and who has the au thority' to give the answer? The President’s preparedness program as a whole seems clearly pointed in the right direc tion. In laying the primary' emphasis on a great air force, asking that naval building be maintained about as at present and recom mending only the elimination of the worst equipment deficiencies for the Army at pres ent, it accords in a general way both with the lessons of the European fighting and our own strategic position. But within these broad directives there lie concealed a host of intri. cate issues of policy, organization and detail. Granting that 50,000 planes is a satisfactory strength for the air force, how quickly must we plan to attain it? Priorities will soon be come a burning problem. Do anti • aircraft guns or automatic rifles come first, bombers or pursuit ships, air troops or ground troops or sea forces? How must the plans be modi fied to keep up yvith actual experience in Europe? How heavily can we commit our selves to one type of massed produced military mechanism, or how long dare we wait to be certain that another concept is not better? ‘’Defense.” the President himself said, "can not be static,” but must “grow and change from cay to day.” But he has no agency to conduct and control such a fluid policy. Two separate service staffs, with a semi-autonomous air corps cannot do it, unless they are welded into a single instrument for war — and even then the soldiers and sailors can err,"as Euro pean experience is showing, from conservation or lack of imagination. Committees of Con gress, civilian industrialists, political critics cannot do it; even the President, for all his talents, cannot do it — no one man can. At every point in the rearmament problem one comes up against the imperative necessity’ for a directing staff, enlisting the best military, industrial, financial and administrative brains in the country, as the foundation for any military effort which can hope to confront the kind of war machine into which Hitler has forged his entire peole. The President also said: "Our security is not a matter of weapons alone. The arm that wields them must be strong, the eye that guides them clear, the will that directs them indomitable. These are the characteristics of a free people. . . . willing to defend a way of life that is prec ious to them.” It was moving rhetoric. Unfortunately, the tortured fields of Flanders show it is the op posite of the truth. These are precisely the characteristics that the free peoples cannot mani fest in action—unless they receive the adminis trative organization and direction to make it possible. It is the supreme responsibility to the President to call such a staff into existence. - ~~ ~ 1 WASHINGTON DAYBOOK By JACK STINNETT WASHINGTON, May 23—Over in the block long' munitions building, whose architecture is early 20th Century whitewashed barracks, the army boys have torn from their books that ven erable saying, “You can’t beat the Dutch.’’ On the nice clean page they have inserted, there is a “Warning to Future Generals: The way those fifth columns work beats the Dutch. ’ Sifting down the reports of the Nazi’s five-day blitzkrieg of Holland, the army experts have con cluded that the fifth column again has proved itself the most valuable weapon developed in modern warfare. The secret magic with which the Nazi hordes over-ran Holland, although the Dutch had been preparing for such an emergency for years, can, say the army men, be summed up in two words: Internal combustion. For example, from the very outset of the Ger man invasion, snipers took a toll of Dutch sol diers from the roofs and window's of buildings even in the well-policed cities of The Hague, Amsterdam and Rotterdam. * * * Two Cops On Duty When the sixth column, or parachute troops, arrived at one of the main airports near Rotter dam, only two civil policemen were on duty— the only logical conclusion being that some one in the army had ordered all troops away from the airport at the zero hour. In several of the principal cities, the air raid alarm system went completely haywire. Sirens screamed day and night, throw ing the cities into utter contusion. In Amsterdam, the water supply system—that vital artery which is the first objective of saboteurs— washed out completely. In The Hague, the heart of the Dutch government, there was an up rising which took on the aspects of an organized revolution. Hour after hour, parachute troops were reported landing in localities where, strangely, Dutch troops weren’t. And most significant of all, 1he Nazi invasion of Holland wasn't even off the griddle before England started a nation-wide clean-up of aliens. There’s one thing more, though this occurred in Belgium. Army officers who fought in World War I looked over the collapse of Na mur, and the apparently ineffective resistence of the outer forts of Liege and ran back through the pages of memory. * * * Kaiser Had Trojan Horse There, they found the stories of the fall of these two great fortress es in 1914, and reports current then that a fifth column had been working for months with the German high command to bring about their capitulation. A former intelligence officer recalls that Ger man imperialists, months before August, 1914, bought large estates near these fortresses, and showed a great predilection for building cement tennis courts. It wasn’t discovered until ^ Belgium was a shambles that the ‘tennis courts’ were cement slabs 30 feet deep, and really hidden emplacements for big guns that bat tered the forts into heaps of crush ed rock. The conclusion here is that that “secret weapon” of Hitler's is no more than this same fifth column. The re port that the men in Fortress Eden Emael suddenly discovered their ma chine guns and small cannon would r.o voik was the clue. Somewhere among uhose 1,000 men who threw P leir hands in surrender must t. 6 dozens or even scores stead "of ^ th° Nazi glory °£ the trail to prison camps, i Man About I Manhattan By George Tucker NEW YORK, May 23.—Almost 2very day this corner is asked for names of reliable literary and musical agents. These letters come from all sections of the country. Last week there were 19 such re quests. Today there are four, and vesterday there were six. Today’s queries are from New London, Conn.: Baton Rouge, La., and Elk hart. Ind. These people have writ ten songs, or magazine pieces, or both. To save time and trouble I am going to list several reliable agents, with their addresses. But I must tell you that most reliable agents are difficult to approach. It sometimes is necessary to have letters of introduction. There is sound common sense behind these precautions. One of the irritations of agency work is that authors whose material is returned sue agents frequently for plagiarism. Dozens of suits come to light ev ery day. If a man in Wyoming writes a story about a train wreck involving a cross-eyed engineer, | and has it turned down, he may be on the look-out for other sto ries of a similar nature. Should he later on read a story about an other cross- eyed engineer, he might institute suit on grounds of plagiarism. Does this seem unrea sonable? Maybe so, but it happens every day. In any case, if you want to write for the movies, a man to get in touch with is Jacob Wilk of Warner Brothers Pictures, Inc., West 44th street, New York City. You'd better write him a letter before you send any manuscripts. If you write fiction for maga zines, you might try Dorothy Lewis of the Wm. Morris Agency, RKO Bldg., Rockefeller Center, N.Y.C. For magazine stories and plays, Leah Salisbury is an excellent agent. Her office is in the Sardi Bldg., west 44th street, N. Y. C. Jean Dalrymple is another who prefers to work for the films and magazines. Her office is in the Channing Bldg., east 42nd street, New York. As for music agents, I never heard of any. It is practically im possible for any outsider or per son unknown to get a popular song published. If there is a single clos ed market in the United States, it is Tin Pan Alley. All I can suggest is that you write to any of the leading music publishing houses—Robbins Music Corp., for instance—and ask their advice. * * * It is a waste of time to submit songs to ranking orchestra lead ers. They are swamped with hun dreds of songs every week. Kay Kyser gets thousands, and so does Orrin Tucker. These of necessity are returned promptly with po lite form letter of rejection. But if you must write to some orchestra leader, I would recom mend that you choose one who is not in the limelight, one who is on the way up but who has not as yet reached the big time. Once an orchestra reaches the top his life and his time are no longer his own. He is plagued by the locusts of the trade. Song pluggers de scend on him in droves. As a re sult, he barricades himself behind a wall of “front men”—buffers, so to speak. Keep away from the top men in the business. Reach for the little fellows, and hope that, if they listen to you, they some day reach the top. Charles, Edward, George, Hen ry, John, Joseph, James, Robert, Thomas and William are the 10 most popular male names in America. Steady Advance ------ Hollywood Sights And Sounds ■ ■ Hu mfmmsm - ■ ■ j.rBy Robbin Coons —* HOLLYWOOD, May 23.—I al ways knew if I hung on long enough I’d get a Big Idea for the movies. And here it is—the idea that will save so much money and time the studios will be able to sell the dishes and give away the pic tures. I’m sitting with a bunch of the ooys in a Warner Bros, laboratory. We’re waiting to hear Bette Davis and Charles Boyer do a love scene aver a stretch of some 6,000 miles, via telephone. Major Nathan Lev inson, the sound expert, and Ana tole Litvak, the director, are there to see that it comes off. Miss Davis is sunning herself in Hawaii, where it’s 10 a.m., and Mr. Boyer is not sunning himself in New York, where it’s 4 p.m. (E.D.S.T.) and probably snowing. Miss D and Mr. B made a picture called "All This, and Heaven Too” and then skipped town, after which the studio dis covered with alarm that a section of sound track had been marred in the laboratory, necessitating re-re cording. * * * Well, none of us really believe it, i accustomed as we are to these hor rible hazards of picture - making and their ingenious solutions in the publicity department. We don't really believe, for instance, that the sound track ever was scratched, and we don’t really be lieve that any words Miss D or Mr. B can transmit via trans-oceanic telephone will be worth recording. Not Miss D’s, at any rate. Mr. B's might get by because Mr. B fre quently sounds as if he spoke over a long connection, even when he s on a sound stage. As you probably heard, the thing didn’t come off. They cabled the necessary lines to Bette, but they let poor Charlie dig up his own script in New York. And Char lie had a temporary revised final script, while Bette had a final-final final revised one, and they couldn’t hit it off. Anyway, it was fun, and it’s im portant now because that’s how I got this Big Idea, which will prac tically do away with studios en tirely. This will automatically cut down the overhead; the sound stages can be used to house Holly wood Red meetings, which will make everything convenient for Mr. Dies to trap them all at once; the studio employes can go on re lief, as a few more on the rolls won’t make any difference, will it, Mr. Dewrey? Well, the Big Idea is that we do ALL our pictures by telephone. Miss Davis won't ever have to come back from Honolulu, and Mr. Boyer can stay in New York. * * * You can see what a change this would make in Hollywood’s more abundant life. Miss Davis, so long as she had a pay station handy, could go on winning awards. If she were romping with her Scottie, Tibby, or giving a baked bean supper, she merely would have to excuse herself briefly while she told the telephone she loved it. There's one little detail I haven’t worked out, and that’s how to get the pictures to go with the voices. But I’ve done my part, and some body else can worry about that. ‘FIFTH COLUMN’ WATCH IS ASKED Hoey Discloses He Has Called On SBI To Maintain Guard Throughout The State RALEIGH. May 23.—UP\—Gover nor Hoey disclosed today that he had asked the state bureau of in vestigation to “be on the alert" for possible activities of “fifth column ists” in North Carolina. The governor said he had received letters from various parts of the state expressing the opinion that agents of un-Americanism were ac tive. None of the letters, however, contained specific charges against individuals. Because of the lack of charges and definite evidence, the SBI has not been asked to make a formal investigation of the possible exist ence of a “fifth column," Hoey added. Meanwhile, rumors were current here and in Moore county that agents of the German government had been arrested. The rumors were not confirmed, however, by local law officers or by the state and federal bureaus of investigation. PREPARING GUIDES RALEIGH, May 23.— (A>> —The WPA State Writers project is pre paring city guides for Greensboro. Asheville, Winston-Salem, and Ra leigh, State Supervisor Edwin Bjorkman said today. The project plans to issue soon a volume of ‘North Carolina Folk Tales,” and >ne called “People in Tobacco.” Bagwell Reappointed To Blind Commission RALEIGH, May 23.—GP>—Gover nor Hoey today reappointed Guy O. Bagwell of Charlotte to the state blind commission for a term expi - ing May 21, 1945. Public Instruction Superintendent Clyde A. Erwin was reappointed to the state probation commission for a term also expiring on May 21, 1945. He appointed the following to represent Nortli Carolina on the in terstate commission on crime: At torney General Harry McMullan, Pa roles Commissioner Edwin Gill, Pro bation Director J. Harry Sample. D. L. Ward of Mew Bern, speaker of, the 1940 general assembly, and State Senator W. Erskine Smith of Albemarle. Battleship Launching Slated To Be Guarded PHILADELPHIA. May 23.—HP)— Stringent precautions to keep pry ing eyes at a distance during the launching June 1 of the 33,000-ton Washington, first battleship addition to the United States navy since 1921, were disclosed today. All shipping will be banned from the Delaware river for two miles up and down the stream for at least two hours before and after the mighty floating fortress sli'es d wn : the ways at the Philadelphia navy yard. Mew Jersey state polite will pa- 1 trol the opposite shore of the river. : Only persons with passes will he ad mitted to the yard. 1 hotographers will be limited in views they may take. • LOVE, COURTSHIP AND MARRIAGE Weigh The Results Carefully Before 'Confessing All' BY ERNEST R. AND GLADYS H, GROVES Noted Authorities on Marriage Relations “Shll I confess?” is one of to most troublesome, yet one of tie simplest, questions that can plag-s a man or woman in love. "If! tell, I may be jilted; but if I don’t tell, I shall be miserable,' goes the tale Exactly. If you don't tell, Y0, will be miserable. Then «c: about the misery of your sweet heart if you do tell? You will a putting your burden off onto some body who is not responsible for ;t and doing this in the name - love. You say you won't feel hcnei or loyal to your lover unless jw tell whatever it is that is troublie. you. But does not the greater ha esty lie in admitting to yourseu that you crave the emotional thr.» of confessing, even at the cost destroying your lover's peace ; mind? If you are truly 1 oyal, ! • you not seek your lovers be.-, interests? The question then .lecon® “What is for the best in erest : my lover?” Now we mus, inq^ as to the hidden fact that is be, ging to be told. . .. If it is something that, in ® may affect the success of the riage, there is no room for doi> It must be told. . The case of the woman who • - from her fiance the fact that s* had been seriously ill with tab culosis illustrates the need o. l fessing whatever the other pe would benefit from knowing. - her marriage was followed ''*-■■■ a few months by her having15' to a sanatorium for an exte";' stay, the husband justifiably he had been grossly deceived^ V.hat is over and done wil... closed chapter that will not any meaning for the proposed m riage, may well remain tr.ej. elusive property of the Pe“ wondering whether to confess, what the other person needs." know should be told prompt!).l" he or she may be free to a new decision as to the Qu of marrying. ..NEXT: Is He (She) Jealous Gov. Hoey To Address N. C. State Gradual RALEIGH, May tor Hoey will deliver the ba^ .; -eate address to the 38( m<. V. C. State college's it** Sra““”.... bass, on June 3. in f-: lium. The graduation exercise underway June 2 witl. ;,i nencement sermon, deii'em ; ... 3ev. John Rodman Willia™5 ^ anta, Ga.. a native of h l State college alumna The General Alumni vlll meet in business s-s- |]1 Candidates for the i mcceed Col. George Y.. I’“-. . jj Wilmington are D. " ' \si Veld on and R- M. Gurle> ion. Thirteen classst of ^ ‘ have reunions.