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progress TUC r HC?T;A.rx-rM C jflf C associated press Of "'ilmington and | fit il IlkVVW WHh Complete Covera^ -:-1 @F g>E?@@15Eg3 <&KHs) E>R,EAgyR1gfa - <r^5TE “ <A*^' WILMINGTON, N. C~ SUNDAY, MAY 26, 1940 ★ ★ PRICE F1VE CEN1S_ VOL. 11 ■ ._----- --— - - ------ **★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ * * ★* * * * * * * * * * * * * NAZIS CLAIM ENTIRE ATTACK ARMY’ TRAPPED * Fifteen Generals Ousted As Weygand Makes Ready For Decisive Engagement •X-- -- WILL BE ‘DESTROYED’ ‘Secret Weapon’ Exists, Will Be Used On Paris Or Great Britain EARLY cleanup seen (By Tlie Associated Press) BERLIN, May 25.—(AP) Germany has trapped and is ready to destroy the entire attack army of France, an authorized source declared tonight. The decisive Nazi military operations in The Nether lands. Belgium and Northern France, he continued, nave j keen accomplished by just j one-third of Germany’s 5, 000.000 first line troops. 65% Are Waiting At present, he went on, the reich | lia: 65 per cent of her army still hengaged and will be ready in a few da,s to take Paris, storm the Mir. Alaginot Line or invade Eng. land. Backed up against the English Channel coast within the area which the Germans have encircled the past two weeks, are 500,000 French, 405.000 Belgians and 200.000 English, this spokesman declared. Since it can be considered, he went on. that France’s attack army it gone, all she has left is 120 di vlons of first line troops to defend Paris, hold the Maginot Line and to protect her southeastern flank •gainst a possible attack by Italy from across the Alps. The figures on Allied troops caught by Germany’s encirclement movement were affirmed here by military experts who calculated that Germany had used approximately iS of her 250 divisions of first line troops in the speedy operations by •Continued on Page Three; Col. 1) BOULOGNE’S FALL GRAPHICALLY TOLD Port City Termed ‘Trap’ For Thousands Of Ref ugee Civilians | JflSDOK. May 2.',.—<#>)—An Eng !cman who witnessed this week’s •r ' l:S at Boulogne told tonight y "-'ag taken aboard a British ’ :,v'W while its guns thundered ! ::'r defiance to German troops •"arming into the French city. Tie winiess, Frederick Brinjea, a 'kine=s man, said the ancient, sun (fontinued on Page Three; Col. 5) [weather x FORECAST Uw.Una: Partly cloudy, scat in iiivi'k°"’ers *n the mountains and (isv '"ra! portion Sunday, Mon ;- s-’-rally fajr; iitue change in "Tcriunv,.. tli-'iiii'1 t;aiolina and Georgia: Partly cha,,';, -""day and Monday; little o- m temperature. data for the 24 hours " “ 1 ,jo p. in. yesterday). 1 -cn , .Temperature ‘2: J:30 a. m. 7.,: 1 :30 p. m. n ; ,i, r 1:1 72; maximum 81; mini mean 7.7; normal 73. 1 ■ , Humidity T-m ®' 54: 7 :S0 a. in. 86; 1:30 p. m. P- m. «o. Total f Precipitation ti„ u; ] °r -4 hours ending 7:30 p month. i'a.j„1otal since first of th( Ti'lcs For Today ’""iltninr.i ,,n High Lou " - 1:10a 8:28s MaS0Db»ro Inlet ....... Af2|Pa f;«j fi'Jnriso r n. , 11:53p f>:29i tlsc U ;32p ■ inoonsetlriMa? 14P ’ ”10Pn lCWltUlUed 011 Cage Three; Col. 6) British Call Boys Of 18 To Colors (By The Associated Press) LONDON, May 25. — Britain, jarred into militancy from its centuries-old groove of ease and empire, called tonight upon its peace-born generation, boys of 18 to 19 1-2, to fil the gaps in home defense forces against the danger of invasion. The war office asked for vol unteers from the age groups just under the conscription range after German bombs thumped on English soil over a 200-mile stretch of coast and while Ger man guns echoed from just across the Channel. For The Duration Recruits gathered by^|ight's call will have to enlist for He duration of the war in home defense bat talions. When they reach the con scription age of 20, however, they will be transferred to training units for service in the field army, m her (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) NAZI WARPLANES ATTACK ENGLAND Bombs Dropped Harmless ly OH Coast; East Kent Takes To Shelters LONDON, May 26—f Sunday)-((f) German warplanes were believed to have dropped bombs off the southeast coast of England earl, this morning but no damage was reinreeadst Kent residents hurried into shelters and basements dur ing an air raid alarm in effect for 105 minutes. British fighter planes were seen flying out to sea and anti-aircraft guns were heard. Searchlights then picked out Ger man planes flying off the coast and anti-aircraft guns blazed away at them for several minutes. Kent is on the southeast coast of England. The port of Dover, in Kent is only 22 miles across the English Channel from Calais, where heavy fighting is in pro gress. Another report said residents of an east coast town had its third air warning in four days and that anti-aircraft gunfire was heard there._ FRONT ‘UNCHANGED’ French Admit, However, Germans Have Taken Vimy Ridge INFLICTING LOSSES (By The Associated Press) PARIS, May 25.—General Maxine Weygand tonight summarily dismissed 15 gen erals who figured in the French rout from the Meuse front and injected fresh blood into his Allied high command for the decisive phase of the battle for the English channel. A war ministry communi que published under the heading of “Penalties” said the 15 commanders of full armies, corps, divisions and other army services had been removed from their posts. Their names were not an nounced. Picked by Weygand Their commands already have been taken over by new men chos en by General Weygand in h i s flying trips to the front to lead the campaign against the German cor ridor to the sea. Seven infantry colonels were promoted to be major generals to fill the places of those ousted. Pro moted are Henri Martin, Jean Besse, Andre Durand, CHarles Mast, Charles de Gaulle, Gustave Mesny and Louis Suisson. Nazis poured masses of heavy tanks and infantry through their (Continued on Page Two; Col. 1) CORSICANSSAY ‘HOUR IS NEAR’ II Duce, However, Is Still Silent On His Plans For Entering War By the Associated Press ROME, May 25—In spoken and printed word and picture, . e name of Corsica, French Mediter ranean island, flashed before Ita lian eyes tonight against a back ground of exciting rumor. Italy’s preparations for war gained in momentum, but how or when Fascism would act remain ed a matter of guesswork. The fact that westbound Italian shipping, including sailing of the (Continued on Page Five; Col. 3) F. R. To Name Experts To Aid Defense Program WASHINGTON, May 25—UP)— President Roosevelt’s intention to call private experts into the gov ernment to help with the extraor dinary $3,297,011,352 defense pro gram was announced at the White House today. Stephen Early, press secretary, disclosed that Mr. Roosevelt plan ned to create a national defense emergency coordination group composed of both private indivi duals and government officials. The chief executive intended to draw experts from industry, agri culture and labor, transportation, communication, finance and con sumers, Early said. They would assist—but not supersede—the gov ernment officials, he declared. Whie this announcement was being made at the executive offi ces. legislation aimed at “fifth cn ( lumn” activities in the United States increased in scope and gain ed momentum on Capitol Hill. Recommending senate passage of a house-approved bill providing drastic penalties for subversive ef forts among the armed forces, a senate judiciary subcommittee ad ded to it a section requiring the finger-printing and registration of all aliens in this country—estimat ed to number 4,000,000. Chairman Connally (D-Texas) of the subcommittee told reporters the revised legislation was a nec essary part of the preparedness program and would be placed be fore the full committee Monday. Other developments touching up on the defense program included: 1 Colonel Frank Knox, republi can vice presidential nommee m (Continued on Pane Five: CoL 4) — T Leading Legislative Race JOHN R. MORRIS JACK Q. LEGRAND Cooper Leads In County; LeGrand, Morris In Front Hall, Hewlett and Coleman Leading Com missioner Race; Constable Ezzell Takes Lead Over Casteen Indications early last night were that Tom Coope- would sweep his own county in his race for the democratic guber natorial nomination, but results were far from complete in state races due to the fact that poll holders counted the county ticket first. In the county races with 13 out of 18 precincts reporting, Jack Q. LeGrand and John R. Morris, incumlbent representa tives, were ahead, with R. M. Kermon and Robert S. LeGwin, running third and fourth respec tively. James M. Hall and Addison Hewlett, two of the incumbent county commissioners, were run ning first and second respective ly. Lewis J. Coleman, who seeks to displace one of the three in cumbents, was running third, Reuben B. Roebuck, an incum bent, was running fourth and Robert f. Merritt fifth. In six of the ten precincts in the city, William Henry Ezzell, incumbent constable, was lead ing Frank Leroy Casteen by 1,353 to 910. The vote in the 13 ot the 18 precincts reporting were: Representative: John R. Mor ris 1997; R. M. Kermon 1805; Jack Q. LeGrand 2222; Robert S. LeGwin 1352. County commissioners: Reuben B. Roebuck 1828; Lewis J. Cole man 2036; James M. Hall 2976; Addison Hewlett 2696; Robert C. Merritt 1406. The vote in the two of 18 pre cincts reporting in New Hanover on the state ticket was: Governor: J. M. Broughton 49; Tom Cooper 157; Paul Grady 8; Lee Gravely 5; Wilkins P. Hor ton 12; A. J. Maxwell 14; Arthur Simmons 1. Lieut-Gov: R. L. Harris 48; L. A. Martin 16; E. Erskine Smith 35; Dan Tompkins 20. Sec'y of State: Thad Eure 86; Walter Murphy 65. Auditor: George Ross Pou 85; Charles W. Miller 45. Comm, of Agriculture: W. Kerr Scott 91; C. Wayland Spruill 55. Insurance Commissioner: Dan C. Boney 104; William B. Oliver _*>•__ WAR BULLETINS SWEDEN STOCKHOLM, May 25.—(A>) —Mighty nations are using “all possible means to gain their ends” and Sweden must be pre pared to resist any attempt to violate her liberty, Defense Min ister P. E. Skold declared to night. The minister addressed a huge open air meeting to promote raising of a 500,000,000 kronor (about $120,000,000) defense loan. CO-OP WASHINGTON, May 25.—(/P) —The justice department asked the supreme court today to deny an appeal by the American Med i c a 1 association contesting charges that it violated the Sherman anti-trust law by ac tivities against a cooperative health association. OPEN BOATS WASHINGTON, May 25.—</P> —Reports that some refugees from the battle zone were cross ing the turbulent English Chan nel in open boats were received today by Red Cross headquar ters. REFUGE VATICAN CITY, May 25.—(/P) —Papal authorities today recog nized the possibility of Italian en trance into the war by offering refuge to diplomats accredited to the Holy See and speeding com pletion of Vatican City’s air raid shelters. Prelates indicated Pope Pius XII is convinced Italy is going to war but that he refuses to leave Vatican City or consider using the air raid shelter provided es pecially for him. PRECAUTION ATHENS, May 25.—(/P)—The Greek government announced to night that specialists and mili tary classes of 1934 have been called up as a precautionary measure. It did not specify the number of men affected. GOLD ATHENS, Greece, May 25.—(/P) Three carloads of Yugoslav gold arrived here today for transship ment to the United States. STREAMLINED FOR T LEAVENWORTH, Has., May 25. —UP)— They’re streamlining the course to streamline the army. The Fort Leavenworth com mand and general staff school, a nerve center of the nation’s military system, is hurrying plans ,to produce more brains behind the guns. And the fu ture commanders will take in points all the way from Sun Szu, Chinese military genius of 500 B. C., to Blitzkrieg, 1940. WAR GAMES CAMP BEAUREGARD, La., May 25. —UP)— Many serious flaws in American military op erations and strategy were dis closed today by Major General H. j. Brees in his appraisal of the army maneuvers just ended here. One of the most important conclusions by the commanding general of the Eighth Corps area and chief control officer of the war games in which 70,000 regulars participated was that lack of support by heavy weap ons, including artillery, was "painfully evident.” Raleigh Attorney Faces Runoff With Horton Or Maxwell; Cooper Trailing - *__ Harris Will Apparently Force Erskine Smith Into Runoff POU IS HOLDING LEAD Eure Tops Murphy; Boney Leads Oliver; Scott Leads Spruill CHARLOTTE, May 25.—<-T>—R. L. Harris, of Roxbero, and W. Er skine Smith, of Albemarlle, were waging a closely contested race for the lieutenant governorship, first re turns indicated tonight. The tabulation showed: Lieutenant governor, 457 Pre cincts, R. L. Harris, 17,004, L. A. Martin, 9,998, W. Erskine Smith, 17,581, Dan Tompkins, 5,728. Auditor, 423 precincts, Charles W. Miller, 15,436, George Ross Pou, in cumbent, 23,513. Secretary of state, 415 precincts, Thad Eure, incumbent, 35,930, Wal ter Murphy, 16,398. Commissioner of insurance, 425 precincts, Dan C. Boney, incumbent, 33.45S, William B. Oliver, 16,302. Commissioner of Agriculture, 425 precincts, W. Kerr Scott, incumbent, 31,126, C. Wayland Spruill, 21,246. BLANTON TO TALK TO GRADS TODAY Baccalaureate Vesper Serv ice Begins At 5:45 At Legion Field The baccalaureate vesper ser vice, a part of the commencement exercises of New Hanover High school, will be held this afternoon at the American Legion stadium at 5:45 o’clock with the sermon by the Rev. Sankey L. Blanton, pastor of the First Baptist church. If weather is unfavorable, it will be held in the High school audi torium. (Continued on Page Five; Col. 2) Mecklenburg Voters Approve Library Tax CHARLOTTE, May 25—<M—Ear ly returns tonight indicated that Mecklenburg county voted approv ed today a four-cent tax levy for support of its public library, cols ed since last year. Thirty out of 62 boxes gave 4,760 for the levy and 2,137 against it. A vote of 7,069 for the tax would put the library back into public use. Leading J, M. BROUGHTON_ GRAHAM POINTS TO DISCREPANCY UNC President Believes U. S. Should Send Aid To Allies CHAPEL HILL, May 25—CP>—Dr. Frank P. Graham, president of the University of North Carolina, said today he supported President Roose velt’s foreign policy in the main, but that he he had opposed the pol icy of America and other democrac ies “in withholding rightful supplies from the Spanish democracy when the Spanish people were being crushed by Hitler and Mussolini. He pointed out that his stand with respect to the Spanish democracy was in line wit hhis present stand for supplies to the Allied democrac ies, adding: “It is American sup plies, not men, which the Allied democracies need. American entrance into the war, in transferring the flow of supplies to our own forces, would cut down the supplies now indispensably needed by the Allies.’’ The university president said he “deeply deplored the Allies’ running out on Woodrow Wilson’s 14 points at Paris, the failure of America to join the League of Nations, the fail ure of the League of Nations to re vise the terms of the Treaty of Ver sailles in humane consideration of the German people, the failure of the democracies to lend a brotherly hand to the struggling German democracy, and the consequent tragic rise of Hitler to dictatorship.’’ Graham’s views were presented in an interview today in the daily Tar Heel, student newspaper. Senate Committee Asks Registration Of Aliens WASHINGTON, May 25—((^>0— Fearing “fifth column” activities like those which undermined Nor wegian and Dutch defenses, a Sen ate judiciary subcommittee today approved legislation to checkup on all aliens and punish persons attempting to shake the loyalty of America’s defenders. A provision required that approx imately 4,000,000 aliens register and be fingerprinted at post offices throughout the country within the next four months was added by the subcommittee to a house approved bill against suversive activities. Chairman Conally (D-T e x a s) said the resulting legislation was essential to the national defense program and that it would be plac ed before the full judiciary com mittee Monday. Senator Danaher (R-Conn) who was directed to draft the alien registration provision, said the leg islation was designed to “protect our armed forces and prevent fifth column moves in this country.” In general, Connally told report ers, the bill would tighten up pre sent laws dealing with control and deportation of aliens, action against thatse advocating overthrow of government, and distribution of subversive literature. The House-approved legislation had provided only for fingerprint ing of all immigrants and foreign (Continued on Page Five; Col- 3) CHARLOTTE, May 25 — l® — J. Melville Broughton, Raleigh law yer, forged ahead in the seven-way race for governor as returns were received here from today’s demo cratic primary. With 608 of the state’s 1,913 pre cincts tabulated, the vote stood: Broughton 36,334; Mayor Thomas E. Cooper, of Wilmington 4,905, Paul Grady, of Kenly, 3,544, L. Lee Grave ly, of Rocky Mount, 12,072, Lieut. Governor Wilkins P. Horton, 23,473, Revenue Commissioner A. J. Max well, 21,073, and Arthur Simmons, of Burlington, 432. Incumbents Leading Incumbent democratic congress men who had opposition were out in front in all districts but the re turns from these races were scanty. The standing was: Third, 37 of 157 precincts, Rep. Graham A. Barden, 2,987, Charles L. Abernethy, Jr., 1,013, and Zeno B. Spence, Townsend plan organiz er, 540. Fourth, 22 of 163 precincts, Rep. Harold D. Cooley, 2,913, Edward F. Griffin, of Louisburg, 1,476. Sixth, 21 of 132 precincts, Oscar G. Barker, 253, John W. Caffey, 888, Rep. Carl T. Durham, 1,215, Ed R. Hanford, 16. Eighth. 45 of 204 precincts, Rep. W. O. Burgin, 4,368, C. B. Deane, 1,693. Giles Y. Newton, 300. D. C. Phillips, 299, Robert Steelle, III, 315. Eleventh, 36 of 255 precincts, Sam M. Cathey, 1,170, M. Earl Donnahoe, Townsend advocate, 696, Rep. Zebu Ion Weaver, 3,145. Republican, governor, 141 pre cipcts, John R. Ploffman, 178. Rob ert PI. McNeill, 659, George M. Prit chard, 1,125. Republican, lieutenantt governor, 89 precincts, Halsey B. Leavitt, 345, Forrest Witten, 363. IRELAND FORMS VOLUNTEER CORPS ‘Local Security Force’ For Defense Of Eire Is Announced DUBLIN, May 25—IIP!—Premier Eamon de Valera announced to night the formation of a new vol unteer force for “local security work” in Ireland (Eire). “We are within the war zone,’’ he said in an address to his Fianna Fail party followers at a meeting in Galway City. “We must prepare to defend the liberties we have won.” He said the new volunteer corps would be apart from the regular army and would be associated with the police force “to watch over the security of the people and to watch for the first sign of at tack upon us.” Mecklenburg Approves Four-Cent Library Tax CHARLOTTE, May 25.—<7P)—After July 1, Charlotte again will have a public library. In a vote against registration, 7. 578 ballots were cast for a four-cent tax levy with which to support the library, and 3,197 signified they did j not want the levy. The returns, based on 48 out of 62 precincts in the county, gave proponents a 509 majority over the 7,069 votes requir ed to impose the tax. The library tvas closed last July 1 after the validity of appropriating money foi that purpose was contest ed. A special election failed then. RALPH T. O’NEIL WICHITA, Kas., May 25.—(.Pi— Ralph T. O’Neil, 51, of Topea, na tional commander of the American Legion in 1932, died of a heart at tack tonight. As retiring president, he presided over the Kansas Bar association convention yesterday.