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News of Interest to North Carolina Farmers
Southeastern Vegetable Review Is Given By U. S. , supply Of Truck Crops For Market Is Expected To He Smaller (.rv CARDWELL General Agricultural Agent _ foast Line Railroad Co. Atla"'C . „f the importance of ln(VuL to Virginia, North and Vt?fha Carolina farmers, particu S°t throughout the coastal plain Wlytil, where truck farming is couniie- ^ ^ showing below a feature'. vegetable situation SlJ®Sg to the Bureau of Agri ”5 F—"”- u-s- E-p'rt „t of Agriculture. Summary Tntal supplies of truck crops for during the next month is ;r;afH to be somewhat smaller than I* rnp supplies available during corresponding period last sea ,n Marketings of new potatoes lii-eiv to be increased some but U is probable that a ''' tier supply of old stock pota will partially offset the in crease in new stock . proaucuuu m f -- on in north Florida and the ;0,ver Valley area of Texas is in ■wtcd to be 12 percent larger linn a 'ear earlier, and the crop M thc second section of early also is indicated to be larger Mn that of 1939. Marketings of tiiese crops are getting well start ed and probably will increase siarph during the next few weeks. The acreage of early and second caiiv truck crops planted for har vest" during the next month is about 9 percent less than a year earlier, m growing conditions for many „[ uMse crops during recent weeks have been unfavorable. This situ ation suggests that market supplies of vegetables generally will be re duced materially from those avail able a year earlier. The produc tion of lima beans, snap beans, cu cumbers, eggplant, lettuce, onions, and green peas in certain areas probably will be sharply reduced. Although market prices of truck crops in general declined some what in recent weeks from the rel atively high levels maintained since late January, the averages in late April were, as a rule, some what higher than a year earlier. Sharp advances were recorded in recent weeks, however, for broc coli. endive, escarble, lettuce, on ions. and tomatoes — commodities in which temporary shortages oc curred. Truck Crops for Market Market supplies of truck crops during June this season probaoly v.ill be somewhat smaller than a year earlier areas overlap more than usual those of some of the htei areas. Progress of some crops has ben delayed by unfav orable weather conditions, and this way result in some concentration °‘ marketings for short periods curing the coming weeks. The total supply that is likely to become available in the near future, how ever. is indicated to be somewhat smaller than a year earlier. The acreage of early and second u: '-v buck crops planted this sea son for harvest during May and "Une totals 446.000 acres and is about 9 percent less than the acre c°“ planted to these crops ;n 1939, but it about equals the recent 10 •fi,r average acreage. Increases occur in the plantings of late as paragus, early and second early ("ha. anS’ sccond early beets and 1 a®e’ early cauliflower, second , ,y snaP beans, second early ces and cabbage, early cauli <»«. second early celery, spin dclmf T,matoes- and earlM water u. These increases are more uJset. however, by sharp de ]v (a, es 1,1 early cantaloupes, ear ti.CP cucumbers, second early let cr.ci-PfCU i" onions ar|d eggplant, ;,.r 8 cond early green peas. There cr cro'"" deceases in a few cth the e Production of some n' Cr°PS m Which nlantinnp „„„ teVeri ,r.„iS uCas°n is indicated to !«rIS 8TrhPly fr°m 'hat °f 3 i.o,a bear ■*' .ftSe lnclude ear]y earlv n, car!-v <2) snap beans, P'«nt Cl|cumbers. early css Ss,Srd iettucef early Peas. -Msrkr|Ce0nd r a r 1 y green euriiig ihr,r . mss of these crops vill be (■( n ;iXt month probably 111 the cm ,- ldCrably lighter ihan Jcar. esPonding period last f)?duction of snaP ^'ates - r V'l,d section of early 'sPring). and rnia- .Florida ' total 2 Mo onnC?db~~is indicated E* comParpri000. bushels this sea h'Produced u .j1 “ 933'00° tmsh «rvestin m thls group in 1939. f-rted and 1 !"S Crop ls getting r,t- The can pments ai'e increas w«t weeks i?1 niovement in re s-4aUer than = CVer' has been Pecond earw JCar earlier- In the Sia t,1.81'5 - Alabama. '1,CI south r-'-'f"3' Mississippi, f“n‘«d to snaD°hea—the acreage 1"°led 26.200 . beans this season ' ’n 25.500 acre-T 3S comPared ^sonable cnL 3 season- The "c!ch and C8r,„ eather in late ,.‘°P develon, ' Aprii retarded rj.’h Carol.nT annHm Gepl'S‘a and j loss ot a,. d caused eonsid in S,l1SSlpPi and , aJc m Alabama, ln this lrp.. a Louisiana. Yields ntatcriaPllv 8bly Wi“ be re “'reased pi V and despite the oba>% wui fc' ’ 8S‘ production 1 te SOfnewhat smaller than that of last year. It is likely that market supplies of snap beans, therefore, will continue smaller than a year earlier through May and early June. Lima Beans: Unfavorable weath er conditions have reduced the prospective production of early li ma beans in Florida to less than one-half the 480.000 bushels pro duced last season. Cabbage: Production of cabbage in the second early states—Ala bama, south Georgia. Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia (Eastern Shore and Nor folk). and Louisiana—is indicated to total 103,300 tons this season compared with 108.000 tons last season. Marketings from this crop usually overlap, to some extent, the clean-up of early production. Because of the lateness of the early crop in Florida this season, how ever, the overlapping of shipments between the two areas has resulted in heavy market supplies during recent weeks, which in turn result ed in a slight decline in prices. Recent report indicate that a con biuciduic pui liuii ui me se Lou a ear ly crop is showing seed - stems, which may tend to reduce the mar ketable volume. Also the develop ment of the crop in the intermedi ate States has been retarded and marketings may begin later than usual. These factors all indicate that the supply of cabbage for marketing during the next several months probably will be somewhat smaller than a year earlier. Cucumbers: Production of early cucumbers in Florida and Texas is expected to total 778.000 bushels this season. This represents a re duction of 20 percent from produc tion in 1939. This represents a re duction of 20 percent from produc tion in 1939. Florida has a good crop but the prospect in Texas is unfavorable. Shipments from Flor ida are increasing (April 30th) and market prices are tending to de cline. In the second early States— Alabama. California, Georgia. Lou isiana. and South Carolina—the ac reage this season is unchanged from a year earlier but the condi tion of the crop as of April 1, 1940. is about 18 percent below that of a year earlier. Some acreage in these areas was destroyed by the early April freeze but will be re planted. As a result the crop prob ably will be 1 to 2 weeks late, and production probably will be some what smaller than that of last year, when 1.466.000 bushels were produced in this area. This would indicate lighter market supplies during the next 2 months than were available a year ago. Tomatoes: A crop of only 500.000 bushels of early tomatoes is in prospect in south Florida this sea son. compared with 2.880,000 bush els last season. This reduction was caused largely by the late Januaty freeze. In the other early areas of Florida the crop w-as planted after the freeze and is indicated to be sliphtlv larppr than in 1939 The total crop in the second section of early States is indicated to total 3.260,000 bushels, or only 12 per cent less than that of last season. All of the reduction occurs in the Lower Valley of Texas, where the freeze damage was severe. As a result of these small crops market supplies have been light and prices of tomatoes have been relatively high. For a number of weeks im ports from Cuba and Mexico rep resented the major sources of sup ply. Imports this season to April 20th totaled close to 3,800 carlSts compared with about 3,000 carlots to April 22, 1939. Shipments from domestic areas are likely to in crease during the next few weeks, however, as the later producing areas come into production. The acreage planted to tomatoes in the second early States—Geor gia. Louisiana. Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas—is indicated to be increased about 5 percent over that of 1939. The early April freeze caused considerable damage to plants in Mississippi, Louisiana, and Alabama. In some areas re planting is necessary. In general the crop is 1 to 2 weeks late. DAIRY PRODUCTS PROMOTION URGED State Should Take Whole Hearted Interest In Na tional Dairy Month North Carolina is one state that should take a whole-hearted interest in National Dairy month in June, according to John A. Arey, dairymen of the State College Extension serv ice. With a low daily average consump tion of four-tenths of a pint of milk per person and a correspondingly low consumption of butter and cheese, North Carolina could well af ford to promote the use of more dairy products, Arey said The State college specialist ex plained that June has been design ated as National Dairy month. Dur ing this 30-day period, dairy products will be featured by hotels, cafes, drug stores, and leading food distributing agencies of the nation. Governor Clyde Hoey and a num ber of North Carolina mayors have already endorsed the campaign. Local committees, composed of dairymen and distributors, have been appoint ed to direct the activities of Dairy month in their respective territories. “Milk ia nature’s most nearly per fect food," Arey pointed out. “Doc tors, specialists in nutrition, dentists, and others interested in health and human welfare advise a liberal use of milk in the daily diet. One quart a day is recommended for children and a pint a day for adults.” While there are thousands of child ren in the state who owe their very existence to cow's milk, there are many other thousands with weak, underdeveloped bodies because of an inadequate supply of milk :n their diet during childhood. The young need milk. Arey pointed out, to promote growth and to build resistance to disease, while adults need it to rebuild worn-out tissue and to maintain a high resistance to dis ease. During periods of depression, the State college man explained, many people are unable to buy the quan tity of milk they need. As a result, undernourishment follows as well as such diseases as tuberculosis and peiagra. Colds, also, are more pre valent than during normal times. Formerly it was thought that pro tein, carbohydrates, fat, and min erals constituted the important es sentials of a food. However, in re cent years scientists have discovered that there are other food factors call ed vitamins that are necessary for growth and the maintenance of good health. Milk contains, Arey said, ail of the essential vitamins in v a r y i n g' amounts. It is an excellent source of Vitamin A. which is essential to normal growth and vitality. Milk is also, an important carrier of minerals and is needed in the diet of hoys and girls to give them strong healthy bodies and ■well-developed teeth. It contains practically all of the essential minerals needed in the diet and is one of the best sources of calcium and phosphorus. In addition to its other virtues, milk is an economical food. Unlike _it rfinuires no preparation and contains no waste. “A larger consumption of milk and its products in this state would not only result in a healthier and better nourished people, but it would also make possible a new source of in come for farmers producing the milk.” Arey said. "This is a matter of great econo mic concern to the business man as weil as the farmer, since the recent drop in income from tobacco and cot ton has greatly reduced th epurchas ing power of the farmer." The 1939 farm value of dairy pro duction in North Carolina, including those products consumed on the farm, was $32,000,000. Thus, Arey said, if the consumption of milk in this state was increased from the present available supply of 400 pounds, in which is included all dairy products, to 800 pounds, the national average, the present income from this source to North Carolina farm ers would be doubled. Tests Conducted Several hundred rate-per-acre tests on small grain, corn, and cotton using 100, L’OO, and 500 pounds of nitrate of soda per acre against a check plot are being conducted in North Carolina through the county agents and agricultural teachers to more accurately determine the local requirements of nitrogen for the va rious crops. Tjiis work is being sponsored by the distributors of Ar cadian, the American nitrate of soda, and will assist the farmers in determining the most profitable amount of nitrogen to use on crops. Dr. Charles H. Deering, assistant director in charge of tlie Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Willard, N. C„ is pictured above comparing oats grown with 200 pounds of ni trate of soda with oats that received no nitrate of soda. TOUR OF POTATO SECTIONS SLATED Farmers And Handlers Are Invited To Participate In Eastern Trip RALEIGH, May 26—A tour of North Carolina's major Irish pota to-growing section in Currituck, Camden, Pasquotank. Beaufort, Pamlico and Wayne counties will be held May 28-31, and farmers and handlers are Invited to participate, Dr. I. O Schaub of N. C. State col lege, announced today. The tour has been arranged, and wall be con ducted by the State College Exten sion Service in cooperation with the N. C. Agricultural Experiment Sta tion and the State Department of Agriculture. L. P. Watson. Extension horticul turist, will be in charge of the tour, and county farm agents will make local arrangements. Also making the tour and helping to explain the im proved production and marketing methods being used by progressive farmers will be A. E. Merker, chief of the potato section of the AAA, Washington. D. C., Buxton White, marketing specialist of the State De partment of Agriculture: and a re presentative of the college plant pathology department. The first day will be spent in in specting potato farms and market ing facilities In Currituck, Cam den and Pasquotank counties, with a stop that evening at Elizabeth City. On Wednesday, May 29, the tour wall be of the Pantego area in Beaufort county, spending that night in Washington. Thursday, May 30, will be spent in the Aurora section of Beaufort and the Bayboro section of Pamlico, spending the night at Kinston. The final day, Friday, May 31, will take the tourists into the Mt. Olive section of Wayne county. Dr. Schaub announced that seeds men, growers and handlers of Irish potatoes from Maine to Florida, and including a large group from the Eastern Shore of Virginia and Mary land, have been invited to take part in the tour. It has been estimated that only about 5 per cent of London’s pop ulation concerns itself with church going. Strawberry Business Is Cut Short In Columbus County By Dry Weather BY JOSEPH S. HUFHAM (Star Correspondent) DELCO. May 26—Crops that have been suffering for moisture have received relief this week, showers in various sections of both Columbus and Brunswick counties. In one section of Brunswick, near Ash, the rainfall was so great that it slowed down field work, es pecially plowing. Strawberry business was cut short on both ends of the season. Cold retarded the growth of the earlier expected berries. The ber ries that did come were among the finest ever seen: but the crop was shorter from the latter end, due chiefly to dry weather, it was believed. In many sections we have seen some excellent tobacco patches. In Horry, Bladen, Robertson, and Brunswick counties, as well as Columbus, the tobacco growers feel heartened. This being an age when almost anything is liable to happen, it is generally hoped that in spite of the little surplus of golden weed piled up last year, that for some reason tobacco will bring a good price this fall. We have had the pleasure of visiting the truck growing sections near Loris, S. C., Tabor City, Clar endon, Mollie, Green Sea, (S. C.) in the past few days, and the potato crops are looking fine. It is expected by growers that Irish potatoes are headed toward a wel coming market this year, and they are hoping for fancy returns. Bean growers have pretty crops this year and it is also locally be lieved that beans will bring a good price. Many farmers, although in the heart of the better strawberry growing sections of Columbus county, who did not have straw berries this year, are growing either beans, or Irish potatoes, if not both, as possible money crops to suppliment their tobacco sales income, not looking altogether to ward the tobacco crops to meet their financial needs this fall. Tobacco crops for lots of the berry growers are going to be clear money this fall, due to the fact that iheir strawberries en abled them to lift all their debts against their 1940 tobacco. And if corn keeps showing up as nicely as it has gotten started, the yield should be very encourag ing. We have seen many fine corn patches with the young plants up about knee high and uniform in their growth. The most outstand ing patches that we have a mental picture of right now belong to Fonis Strickland, of the Cherry Grove section, to Oscar Lennon, of the Bladenboro section, and to L. R. Hobbs, of Delco. Until last week we had not heard ot corn being bothered by bugs this year; but Charlie Gore, of the Ash section, of Brunswick county, told us that there were some pe culiar bugs which he called "bud works” that are going into the tops, of the young corn plants, nip ping out the “buds”, and thus ren dering the plants stunning blows a g ai n s t further growth, and against the growth of ears, 1) . Weed Transplanting Completed In East RALEIGH, May 26. — Heavy work in eastern North Carolina tobacco fields this week will vir tually complete the job of trans planting, L.' T, Weeks, tobacco specialist of the N. C. State col lege extension service, said to day. In the Piedmont, the transfer of plants from bed to field should be about half completed at the end of this week. Weeks said growers apparent ly have an ample supply of plants despite heavy blue mold attacks. STATE LAND USE BODY WILL MEET Will Be Held In Burlington And Caswell County On May 27, 28 And 29 RALEIGH, May 26—A meeting of the State Land Use Planning com mittee will be held in Burlington and Caswell county on May 27, 28 and 29, J. F. Criswell, Extension specialist of State college and the project lead er of the Land Use Planning pro gram, announced today. The com mittee of farmers, farm women, and leaders of all agricultural agencies in the State will gather at the Ala mance hotel in Burlington for their first session on Monday night, May 27. Criswell said that the second day of the meeting, Tuesday, May 28, will be spent in inspecting Caswell coun ty, the first county in North Caro lina to have a unified Land Use Plan ning program set up. The group will study the classification of the coun ty and tne tederai land purcnase pro ject. The committee meeting will be concluded with a conference back in the Burlington hotel on Wednesday morning, May 29. Attending the meeting also will be Dr. Howard R. Tolley, chief of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, and Dr. B- W. Allin, head of the division of State and Local Planning of the B. A. E., both of Washington, D. C. The farmer-members of the state committee are: H. C. Ferebe of Camden, John T. Thorne of Farm ville, L. Roy Bradshaw of Burgaw, George C. Neal of Ruffin, C- S. Slagle of Franklin, Mrs- A. G. Johnson of Lillington Mrs. J. H. L. Miller of Marion, R. Hunter Pope of Enfield, G. Tom Scott of Selma, D. S. Rhyne of Gastonia, R. C. Deyton of Green Mountain, John Long of Statesville, Mrs. W. H. Williamson of Reidsville, Mrs- W. F. Woodruff of Nashville, and Mrs. R. L. Patterson of Rock well. Dr. I. O. Schaub of State college is chairman of the committee, and R. T. Melvin, State B. A. E. representa tive, is secretary. POISONING RECOMMENDED Pre-square poisoning is recom mended only as a preliminary step in boll weevil control and should be | followed by reguar dustings, says 1. O. Rowell, State college extension ; mtomologist. ] LARGE CROWD EXPECTED State college officials are predict- \ ng that this year's Farm and Home tVeek, to be held at the college, July | 19-August 2, will attract the largest 1 rowd in the convention’s history. i J ' POTASH AFFECTS WEED PRODUCTION Amount And Kind Of Fertil izer Plays Big Part In Tobacco Yield Here's a message to tobacco farm ers of North Carolina from Lloyd T. Weeks, extension tobacco special ist of N. C. State college: "The amount and kind of potash you ap ply, and the time you apply it, will vitally affect the yield and quality of your crop. With reduced plant ings tills year, it is highly important that maximum yields and highest quality be attained.’’ Most farmers have planted their tobacco crop, or at least have ap plied the fertilizer preparatory to setting the plants from the bed. But it’s not too late for any farmer to correct the potash deficiency Weeks says. The specialist recommends that fertilizer be drilled in the row about two weeks prior to transplanting. Approved formulas of mixed fertil izers should contain six per cent pot ash, and Weeks says two per cent or mis poiasn snouia come irum each of the following- sources: Mu riate, sulphate of potash magnesia, and sulphate of potash. “However, from 10 to 12 per cent potash may be used safely and pro fitably to give tobacco additional quality and more uniform ripening conditions," the State college man declared. “No more than 6 per cent should be applied in the mixture be fore planting, and the supplementary potash application should be made about 20 days after the plants are set in the field. Sulphate For Side Dress “Whereas the original application of potash should come from three sources for best results, the side dressing should be of sulphate of pot ash. This should be from 100 to 200 pounds of sulphate of potash per acre. If tobacco by-products are used as a source of potash, these must be sterilized to kill disease organisms which will be present.” As further advice to tobacco grow ers Weeks recommends that plants of uniform size be transplanted not less than 18 inches between hills in rows 4 feet wide. The 18-inch spacing is only for the most fertile soils, and 24 inches is the best spac ing for the poorer soils. Tobacco should be kept in a bed or ridge at all times during the growing period. This prevents plants from getting “wet feet.” In order to do this, it is necessary to put it on a good ridge when planting. The process that has proven most satisfactory in preparing and keep ing tobacco on a good ridge is to lay off the row with a Stonewall, or similar type, plow, using large fronts on it, then applying the fer tilizer in the furrow. After this, the same plow is used to open the row, throwing the fertilier well up on the shoulders of the furrow. Next a turning plow with a medium or large wing, depending on the type of plow, is used to make a good ridge. About a week to ten days after transplanting, the tobacco should have cultivation with a small culti vator. A hoe cultivation is usually necessary at this time. Following this first cultivation, tobacco should be cultivated every week or ten days until about a week prior to topping. One-Horse Turning Plow Best At each cultivation, the soil should be thoroughly broken and the middle scattered, care being taken not to disturb the root system when sid ing. One of the best plow's for culti vating tobacco is a one-horse turn ing plow with a sweep attached to the bolt that holds the moldboard or wing. When the tobacco is small, the soil can be thoroughly broken and the attached sweep will push the dirt around the plant. When it gets a little larger, a small mold board can be used, and a longer sweep attached. The third time a little larger moldboard or wing with a still longer sw-eep is used, and for the last cultivation, the largest mold board or wing that is used on a one-horse plow-, with a sweep about 18 niches long and 2 to 2 1-2 inches wide, is recommended . Weeks says that, with normal weather conditions, four cultivations is all necessary. However, lie says that in the case of a hard, packing rain, the tobacco will need to be plowed just as soon as the soil is dry enough to cultivate, even if it had been plowed one hour prior to the rain. “It is sufficient to scatter the middles with a sw'eep immediately following each siding. One furrow to the row is sufficient except tor the second cultivation, which should have four furrow's to the row in or :ler to give the soil a thorough break ing,” the extension specialist con :luded. MUSIC SPOILS BATH WALSENBURG, COLO. —1® — F’rom now on Jack Johnson, 17, vill do his own singing in the >ath tub. Letting a portable radio set do t for him, he scrubbed himself :ontentedly until soap got into his lyes. He reached for a towel, md knocked the radio into the ub. It charged the water with elec ricity, paralyzing Johnson. A mother heard his moans and res ued him N. C. Farmers Receive 145,548 Tons Of Lime RALEIGH, May 26. — North Carolina fanners participating in the 1940 AAA program have re ceived 145,548 tons of lime un der the grant-of-aid plan this year, E. ¥. Floyd, AAA execu tive officer of N. C. State col lege, revealed today. Likewise, he announced that 2,601 tons of 20 per cent super phosphate have been ordered and delivered, as well as 2,755 tons of concentrated superphos phate. The materials also are being distributed through the grant-of-aid program. Floyd explained that growers have taken these materials in place of conservation payments and are using them to carry out approved soil-building practices under the AAA farm program. The state's growing livestock industry has made necessary a far greater acreage of pasture land, and much of the lime and phosphate has gone to improve and establish permanent pas tures. In addition, many farm ers are using the materials to secure better crops of legumes and grasses. GRADED BERRIES GET GOOD PRICES Limited Survey Reveals In creases Of $1 To 35 Cents Per Crate RALEIGH, May 2G.—A limited survey conducted in the strawberry belt of North Carolina ■ this season revealed increases of 35 cents to one dollar a crate for berries properly graded and packed, H. W. Taylor, marketing specialist of the State col lege extension service, said today. Aiding farmers in l hese better mar keting practices were federal-state in spectors, who conducted demonstra tions on more than 57 farms in co operation with the extension service. These demonstrations were held in Columbus, Cumberland, Sampson, Pender, Duplin, and Wayne coun ties. Educational meetings at which movies of better marketing practices were shown attracted large numbers of berry growers also, Taylor said. Three of these meetings in Duplin drew 290 growers, two in Columbus attracted 125, one in Pender, 50: one in Sampson, 38 and on9 in Wayne, 37. P. D. May, agricultural counsel for the Southeastern Chain Store Council, was largely responsible for much of the success of these meet ings and demonstrations. Taylor said a short crop and high quality berries made this season one of the best in years for growers. Weather conditions delayed the Tar Heel crop advantageously in that the berries reached northern markets during a period when other states had almost finished marketing and the remainder had not begun. Sinco an estimated 75 per cent of growlers followed some phase of recommended marketing methods this season, Taylor said a series of grading schools for producers wall be held in the belt next year. The schools will begin just prior to the first movement of berries. GAINS CONFIDENCE Paradiclilorobenene has gained the confidence of North Carolina farmers this year in controlling blue mold in tobacco plant beds, says Dr. Luth er Shaw, of State college. BETTER MARKETING METHODS ADOPTED Poultry Producers Are Pre senting Products In At tractive Packages By GENE KNIGHT Assistant Extension Editor, N. C. State College RALEIGH, May 26—(JP)— North Carolina poultry producers are rapid, ly awakening to the advantages of presenting their products in more attractive packages, T. T. Brown, poultryman of the N. C. State College Extension Service, said to day. For years, the specialist explained producers lagged far behind in de veloping new and up-to-date meth ods in marketing their poultry and eggs. However, in recent years there has been a decided shift to neat packages designed to catch the buyer's eye. Now producers who have kept up with the times and who are growing and marketing quality poul try products attractively are find ing a ready demand and a profitable market. Growers who fail to keep step are being forced to take little it any profit. The housewife of a few years ago hud her problems wher buying a chicken for the family table, Brown said. Her only selection was a live bird, or a freshly-dressed or slowly frozen bird with the entrails intact. It was inconvenient and in many cases impractical to choose a live bird and have to wait for the butch chosen, it might have developed a er to dress it. If a freshly-dressed bird was storage flavor after having been held in the refrigerator for several days. In case a frozen bird still con taining the entrails was selected, it would not have retained the fresh flavor due to a long storage period. When meat is slowly frozen, the cell structure is broken down, causing a release of the juicies which give a chicken its flavor. Today through the use of a local freezer locker service and whole sale channels for handling quick frozen poultry, the customer may select fully-dressed and drawn poul try that retains quality and flavor. In fact, many customers select birds frozen by this method in preference to freshly-killed ones. The progressive farmer is finding it profitable to give more attention to quality breeding stock, the feed, ing program, and the care and man agement of the hens. r Ui IIJOLctlJUC, lie piUUUV/CO liuci Ult; eggs, especially in the summer. Then, too, he uses floored houses and wires the dropping boards or roosting racks so as to produce cleaner eggs. Also he gathers the eggs in a wire basket so that they will cool quickly and stores them in a cool moist place. After the producer has taken these precautions to insure a higher qual ity supply of eggs, he grades and markets them attractively. DON’T KICK HOGS Bruised hogs reduce the farmer’s income, says E. V. Vestal, swine specialist of the State college exten sion service, in urging swlnemen not to kick or prod their hogs in the marketing process. SAVE SEED The State college agronomy de partment is continuing to urge grow ers to save at least a portion of their crimson clover and vetch crop for seed because of a possible shortage this fall. Being color blind, cats live in a world of somber grayness. Receivers Sale By virtue and in pursuance of a decree of the Hon. J. Paul Frlzzeile, Judge holding the Court of the Eighth Judicial District, in the suit of John W. Fredericks and Finley McMillan against W. C. Manson for the dissolution of the partnership known as the Manson Towing & Lighterage Company, the undersigned will l offer for sale, at public auccion, to the highest bidder, for cash, at 12:00 o'clock M.. on Saturday, the 1st day of June, 1940, at the wharf of the Manson Towing & Lighterage Company at the foot of Chestnut Street in the City of Wilmington. N. C., the eteam tugs or boats “Battler" and "Cambria,” one derrick barge, one preaching barge, one barge A. C. L. No. 8, together with ail their apparel, equipment, furniture and fixtures; subject to a first mortgage on the "Cambria” of about $2400.00 held by the Atlantic Towing Company, of Savannah, Ga., a scond mortgage of about $2600.00 on both the "Battler” and the "Cambria,’’ and a mortgage of $1400.00 on the tug “Battler.” | The said sale is to be reported to the Court for confirmation or rejection. A. S. BATSON, | Receiver of the Manson Towing & Lighterage Company 412 Southern Building, Wilmington, N. C.