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Hugh MacRae Offers Grazing Plan As Way To Prosperity^ In South BY GLADYS BEST TRIPP King Cotton gone, tobacco fail ing fast, foreign markets disap pearing—what for the agricultura southeast then? Dairy and beei herds feeding on continuous pas tures, says Hugh MacRae, of Wil mington, pioneer farmer in tht coastal section of North Carolina The year-round growing seasor for green pastures was the basis of MacRae’s experiments which have been developed to such ar extent that this priceless process is now available to every farmei in the south. Milk and butterfat can be pro duced at one third the- present cosi and the system can be used with equally good results for raising beef cattle and hogs. It can ever be adapted for chickens and the production of eggs. Worth millions of dollars to s section that can no longer exist or cotton, tobacco, peanuts and truck crops, the inexpensive system ol animal husbandry has been worked out over a period of 25 years. Sci entists have acclaimed the process, farmers from distant states have admired and copied, and authorities have transmitted the information by pamphlets to their sections. Cows Do Work Its objectives are to allow the cows themselves to do most of the work by going into the fields and harvesting the crops during both winter and summer, and to allow the soil building qualities of the legumes to enrich the fields. ■D-LOA-Llcxo iuwuu were the answer to a successful continuous grazing plan, planted at certain seasons so that as soon as grazing is finished on one crop an other is ready. At no time during the entire year do the cows stay in the barn except at milking time. Even in December the fields are green with pasture, and in the spring and summer the whole farm is aflame with acres of blooming pasture. Summer crops center around Bil oxi soy beans, sudan grass, desmo dium, Johnson grass and Lespedeza Kobe. Often combinations of these are planted, sucli as Sudan grass, one acre per cow, in a parallel row besides soy beans, one-half acre per cow, giving the cows a balanced diet on one field. Late summer grazing is mostly on Lespedeza Kobe and mixed sweet clovers. To bridge the gap between fall and spring when most cattle are fed on expensively stored hay and grain, MacRae found the most suit able crops to be Manganese bur clover, crimson clover, giant white Dutch clover, cold resistant oats, abruzzi rye, beardless barley, vetch with Austrian peas and black medic. Gives Good Results Interplanting of crops gives good results and is economical. It also saves one or two months time. When summer crops are being grazed off, fall and winter crops are maturing. Soy beans, Sudan grass and desmodium are planted in rows and cultivated. In between these rows oats and clovers are planted from mid-August to mid September. Rye and clovers are planted from the middle of Sep tember to October 1. MacRae even has his plan work ed down to such a fine point that he has proved he can raise one cow on one acre grazing outside twelve months. For this the cost of fertilizer is about $10 with 200 pounds each of superphosphate, lime, commercial fertilizer and basic slag. With four bushels of mixed clover costing about six dol lars including crimson clover for one dollar, sweet clover SI.50. five pounds of* giant white Dutch clover at $3, yellow and white mixed clov er ofr $1.50, the field will be green all year. Planted in August or Sep tember crimson clover on one acre gives grazing from November 15 to May 15. Giant white Dutch clover planted in October give grazing in April, May, June, and July. Mixed sweet clover sown in March or April on grain is in use from July to November 15, on one-half acre for one cow. Yellow and white mix ed clover sown from August 15 to October 15 gives grazing from mid December to mid-April. Very few weeds occur for the clovers tend to choke them out. On a one-acre plot labor will not ex ceed two dollars a year. The block salt placed in the fields for the cows costs less than one dollar. Disease Checked Diseases in the cows are halted because annual crops produce lux uriant foliage without the herd grazing close to the ground. At the end of the field's grazing period the germs are plowed under with the soil-building legumes. Troublesome onions which often spoil milk are also eliminated for the annual crops choke out most of the onions, and the cows also prefer the luxuriant foliage to the onion plants. Corn is entirely eliminated from MacRae's plan, for he blames it with the erosion loss which oats, barley and other small grains would have protected. In addition crows live on army worms and grasshop pers, dreaded pests of the farmers, except when the corn is sprouting, and the only real contest with the crows occurs in the corn fields. As a substitute for Indian corn, MacRae recommends beardless bar ley benefited by heavy liming of the soil, • Barley is absolutely cold re sistant *&nd furnishes better spring grazing than other crops and con tinues to a later date. Although continuous grazing dis tributes the work rather evenly throughout the twelve months, tws periods are particularly important to _ prepare for. After the full moon in March through April the summer grazing crops must be planted and enough soy beans sown to carry the cows from June 1 until the last of August. Even though the cows graze outdoors all year MacRae believes in double protection in case of an ex ceptionally severe winter, and keeps the silos filled with silage made of soy beans fermented with molasses. August 1 to October 15 August 1 to October 15 is the se cond important period because oats and Abruzzi rye must be sown ear ly enough or interplanted with other crops in order that they may estab lish good root systems before cold weather. Manganese bur clover, planted with one-fourth acre per aore, is believed by MacRae to be one of the most im portant plant introductions ever made in the south. It is eaten with relish by cattle and other livestock, and because of its deep root system, the plants do not suffer seriously from drought. Mixed with spotted bur clover and crimson clover, man ganese lengthens the fall grazing season by two weeks, and forms a splendid foundation for profitable animal husbandry. As for Johnson grass, planted one half acre per cow, which is the crop villian to so many farmers when it appears as a weed in corn crops, it is of great value mixed with bur clover and desmodium. A bur clover field is disked in May after the bur clover has ma tured its seed, and the Johnson grass on the field has already been grazed closely. Johnson grass and Sudan grass is then sown. This plan furnishes abundant grazing at minimum cost from nine to ten months of the year. On these same fields crimson clover is sown in Au gust for winter grazing. Broad leaf ed vetch mixed with this crimson clover proves very palatable to cows. Crimson clover, beautiful in its red blooms against a green back ground at this time of the year, of fers three varieties of early, medium and late tn trive seven months Itvvii riant grazing from mid-November un til mid-June. Broadcast on Lespe deza stubble with fine results, crim son clover is however very exacting in regard to inoculation of the soil. Annual Field Ilay Every spring Hugh MacRae sets aside Field Day at hiB experimental farm Invershiel near Wilmington when the "whole South’’ is invited to visit the farm. This year more than 500 authorities and farmers were present to tour the various fields colorful with the blooms of crimson clover, purple vetch, giant White Dutch clover and scrtterer! orange California poppies, descen dants of early plantation days. In a grove of trees historically significant as the site of the home of the first settler in Cape Fear, North Carolina, MacRae told of his methods and distributed formula in prepared memoranda. Other lectures and talks on southern agriculture were given by eminent authorities. Outstanding among these was F. L. Holcombe’s experience with mo lasses and soy beans silage. The Fay etteville Dairyman said that this year he is filling both his silos with soy beans and molasses silage, eli minating corn entirely. From one half a silo of soy beans silage two years ago suggested by Hugh Mac Rae. Holcombe found that the soy beans give more milk per acre than corn. Also when the cows were tak en off outside grazing and put on silage there was no drop in milk prouucuun. Through experimenting with soy beans put up in bloom stage and soft-dought stage of maturity, he found that the soft-dough stage pro vided 6.16 per cent protein (three times that of corn), 2.1 per cent fat (twice that of corn) and the bloom stage produced only 4.2 per cent pro tein (twice that of corn) and .83 per cent fat. The soy beans provide seven tons bean silage per acre. Holcombe plants Biloxi soy beans entirely to keep both grazing and silage on one variety, and because Biloxi soy beans are tall enough to harvest with a grain or corn bind er at very low cost. Epworth Church Plans Students* Day Today Sunday is being recognized by the Epworth Methodist church, Fifth and Bladen, as students’ day, with the members of the graduat ing classes of grammar school, high school, or college, with their parents and teachers invited as honor guests. The Rev. Walter Favy will ask “What Have You Learnt?” at the morning service, and stress the fact that the school ing is never finished. At the even ing service Mr. Pavy will discuss the question “Whether Jesus was the Truth,” and “Whether the churches and preachers today have been loyal to the Truth.” All friends of youth and all students are cordially invited to share in these services. 2 Kussell Is rromoiea By Firestone Company H. E. Russell, manager of the lo cal Firestone store, announced yes terday that he has been transferred to Asheville to assume duties as manager of the wholesale depart ment of Firestone, which embraces 17 counties. Russell came to Wilmington three years ago from Winston-Salem, and has been manager of the Firestone store here since. He will be succeeded here by Car roll Sweat, who comes from Ashe ville, , He and Mrs. Russell will leave today for Asheville, but will return the latter part of the week for sev eral days before making their per manent home in Asheville. CAROLINA BEACH PLANS OPENING Beach Trade Body Arranges Full Schedule Of En tertainment Carolina Beach is preparing for the formal opening of the 1940 sea son to be held Saturday when en tertainment will reach a new high under arrangements mads by the chamber of commerce. ed to entertain hundreds of visitors to the increasing popular resort town are King’s Jester and the Pec and Hobby parade which will fea ture the younger set and their fav orite toys and pets. Gaily decorat ed bicycles, wagons, baby buggies, scooters, velocipedes, newly dressed dolls, ribbon bedecked pooches, and little sister and brother acts will make the line of march one of cute ness and color. The King’s Jester, who is termed the funniest man on earth, will be active at all hours. The funny fel low will travel over the beach en tertaining and amusing grown-ups and kiddies alike. He is expected to command as much attention as does Santa Claus on his first visit to the city. Scheduled so that late workers in Wilmington may attend with their children is the fireworks display at 11 o'clock Saturday night. Hundreds of visitors are expected to participate in the beach and wa ter sports on the strand Saturday afternoon at 3:30 o’clock. The street festivities, which in clude the Swedish folk dances, and the tableau of beautiful girls in scenes of old Mexico will be held Saturday night beginning at 8:15. Perhaps the most colorful, and most entered into entertainment of the entire day will be the free street dance Saturday night. Free favors will be distributed to those attending or participating in the dance. In other years hundreds of dance lov ers have taken advantage of this event, while hundreds of spectators watched from the sidelines. The formal opening ball will be held at the Carolina club beginning at 10 p. m. For the past several days decora tors have been decorating' the beach with flags, buntings and other deco rtions. Already Carolina Beach streets and business establishments are taking on a festive atmosphere. During the coming week electri cians will string colored lights throughout the midway and busi ness district of the beach to add color and beauty to the occasion. Grace Church Plans Day Of Peace Prayers The Rev. J. F. Herbert, pastor of Grace Methodist church, has requested that the church mem bers observe a day of prayer and fasting today, following a similar request by the senior bishop of the Methodist church. The day of prayer, he said, will be for the return of peace to a war-torn world. The congregation is asked to do without a noon meal today and to contribute the the money saved thereby to the church for the re lief of suffering in the Orient and' in Europe. The offering will be received next Sunday. 2 WUin _ -* » nixiii/lUtilV JACKSONVILLE, June 1.—Rufus H. Godwin has become manager of the Onslow Mutual Exchange here. A native of Dunn, Godwin hid,.be®" manager of the exchange, affiliated with the FCX, at Clinton before morning to Jacksonville. He succeeds K. W. Clark of Raleigh.2 _advertisement Could Henry VHI Have Mad Stomach Ulcer Pains? History tells how Henry VIII would ff0tefwardraSeD0nTtltbJ00d a"d suffer ferine^ TW i^noI*e your suf relief of u[cer and^st °f *£dga f°r indigestion, gaslinl f burn hum,- B B Pains, for heart other cond Hg sensation, bloat and acid fUSed ** excess money refunded *'t dhe'P °I drug stores everywhere?1' SCHOOL BUILDING PROGRAM PLANNED School Board To Press For Further Improvements Here Proposals for further improve ments to school buildings in the city and county will be vigorously pushed by the New Hanover coun try board of education, H. M. Ro land, superintendent, reported yesterday. Requests of various school com mittees for additional classroom furniture, ground, and building im provements are now being consid ered by board members, Roland said. Groups of citizens have appeared recently before committees and al the office of Superintendent Roland asking for WPA projects to further the proposed improvements to var ious county school buildings. Roland said special emphasis was being placed on the need for more dependable supplies of water in the various school buildings. In almost every school, he said, the lighting was declared inade quate. The board has been urgent ly requested to include that item on their plans for future improve ments. Contracts have already been let for proposed improvements at the Cornelius Harnett and Hemenway school buildings. The board re cently advertised for bids for the second floor at vocational budding at t, «*4 , over High school. Application shtivo v WPA offidais and pian( placed m the hands • . board architect for ^ l bmldmg improvement The recondition in o , pr plants is going to'be raniS?' 51 by the board,” Roland said P'J" Shoulder High To prove that wheat can _ be grown profitably in North Carolina, Hugh MacRae poses in a wheat field on bis experimental farm. Invershiel. LOOKING FOR A BETTER POSITIOnT^^ Personal insiruciion given in General Bus!ness s tatial lCommercial Science, Bookkeeping, Accounting S' ographic and Office Machines. Lei us lrain you. y' en‘ CALL OR WRITE FOR INFORMATION WILMINGTON SCHOOL OF COMNERfr Phone 327 Tirlp ... R. B. HANSELMAN, Registrar " r Buildi"S Graduate .from PAYING V RENT to Owning R Your Own I HOME ^ Our experienced planning de partment can save you money helping you select your lot and building plans. There is mi charge for this service! Hugh MacRae & €». Wrighisville Beach Audubon Oleander Princess Place We Will Sell AT ABSOLUTE AUCTION All Remaining Unsold Lots In CHESTNUT HEIGHTS Wilmington's Fastest Growing Suburb Saturday, June 8th 2:30 P. M. r -*■ ONLY 20% CASH tasy I erms balance monthly We will give Souvenirs To Those Attending Sale United Auction Co. Cows Grazing on Crimson Clover EDIBLE FLOWER GARDEN—Acres and acres of blooming crimson clover occupy tlie experimental farm of Hugh MacRae at this time of the year. Wi th his revolutionary plan cows can be allowed to graze outside twelve months of the year in the sout hern states. Crimson clover alone provides grazing from November 15 through the winter months until the last of May. ^ . IfHaI ~ —= INSUMN zzr— ~ FINANCING ECONOMICAL—LIBERAL—SOUND \Vl% 20-25 Yrs. lovernmenl Experts 1ll Would You Like To Build Yourself A New Home With Your Own Rent Checks? The F. H. A. Plan permits you to do this . . . Only a small down payment is required. Usually the building lot is sufficient. There are no “Second Mortgage” worries under the F. H. A. Plan. One liberal, yet sound mortgage does away with secondary financing Come in and see for yourself how easy it is to become a satisfied Home Owner. The Wilmington Savings and Trust Co. MEMBER THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANK MEMBER THE FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION Canada To Georgia Mr. and Mrs. -James Murby, of Kerwood, Ontario (renter) admire Manganese bur clover on Hugh MacRae’s experimental farm, Inver sliiel, near Wilmington, at recent May Field Day.. The Murbys liave just admitted to W. G. Booker, of Raleigh (left) and V. W. Lewis of Atlanta, Ga., that they would “give anything” if Canada’s growing season were long enough to use MacRae’s continuous grazing system for the southeast.