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i QUpHUinfaiPtim §>tar Published Daily Except Sunday ’ Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News At The Murchison Building R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher Telephone All Departments 4280> _ ■| Entered as Second Class Matter at Wiiming 1 ton N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879__ I Scbscbiptiox Rates by Cabbieb Payable Weekly or in Advance Combina Star News tion j 1 Week ..$ *20 $ -15 $ -30 | 3 Months .. 2.60 1.95 3.90 1 l Year .10-40 7-80 15-60 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News _ By Mail Payable Strictly in Advance Combina Star News tion 1 \ 1 Month .«»•—»»»• i I 3 Months 2.00 1.50 -.75 !■ News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News_ i (Daily Without Sunday) 1 Month.$ .50 6 Months .$3.00 3 Months. 1-50 1 Year . 6.00 (Sunday Only) 1 Month.$-20 6 Months ..$1.25 3 Months.65 12 Months . 2-50 Card of Thanks charged for at the rate of 25 cents per line. Count five words to lme The Associated Peess is entitled to the exclusive use of all news stories appearing in The Wilmington Star TUESDAY, JUNE 4, 1940 Star-News Program Consolidated City-County Government under Council-Manager Administration. Public Port Terminals. Perfected Truck and Berry Preserving and Marketing Facilities. Arena for Sports and Industrial Shores. Seaside Highway from Wrightsville Beach to Bald Head Island. Extension of City Limits. 35-Foot Cape Fear River channel, wid er Turning Basin, with ship lanes into industrial sites along Eastern bank south of Wilmington. Paved River Road to Southport, via Orton Plantation. Development of Pulp Wood Produc tion through sustained-yield methods throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Unified Industrial and Resort Pro motional Agency, supported by one, county-wide tax. Shipyards and Drydock. Negro Health Center for Southeastern North Carolina, developed, around the Community Hospital. Adequate hospital facilities for whites. \ Junior High School. Tobacco Warehouse for Export Buyers. Development of native grape growing throughout Southeastern North Carolina. i Modern Tuberculosis Sanatorium. TOP ’0 THE MORNING Oh, the happiness arising From the life of grace within, When the soul is realizing Conquests over hell and sin! Happy moments! Heavenly joys on earth begin. JOSEPH IRONS HORTON WITHDRAWS W. P. Horton’s withdrawal from the guber natorial nomination race clears the political ikies and permits North Carolina to proceed with its tremendously important part in the national defense program without complica tions by political factional battles. By Mr. Horton’s gracious act, J. M. Brough ;;ion, leader in the recent primary election, be comes the candidate of the democratic party Un the November election without a run-off vote. Because of the great democratic major ity in the state, his election becomes a mere formality. North Carolinians, therefore, can now call K political adjournment and concentrate on matters which, because of the foreign war situation, outweigh all others. ! The state treasury will be saved the fi nancial drain of a second poll. The unrest ! and business disturbance that accompany poli tical campaigns will be avoided. In the cir cumstances, congratulations are no less due to Mr. Hobton, for his wise decision, than to Mr. Broughton, who will be North Carolina’s next governor. | THE PARIS AIR RAID After many alarms during the eight preced ing months of war, Paris, at the start of the 'ninth month, experiences its first air raid, 'with what damage and loss of life accom panied it unannounced by a careful French •ministry of information, which wisely wishes io conceal from the enemy what its planes », accomplished. ; Early dispatches are, as usual, fragmentary, ■but it appears that successive waves of Oer 'fnan bombers swept over the French capital ■raining tons of high explosives, which ended 15 lives. Many fires followed, great craters were opened in streets and buildings shatter Kd. One bomb, fortunately a dud, fell within few, feet of the American embassador, Wil Jliam C. Bullitt, while he was at lunch out ride the embassy. > The raid, presumably, is but the forerunner bf others Hitler will launch with the inten Jtion not only of doing what damage he can to the city, with accompanying slaughter of s - non-combatants, but to spread terror among the survivors with the hope of forcing an early dictated and separate peace upon the French government. Now that the nazis have set the example, what, we ask, is to prevent the Allied air forces from retaliating with raids, as destruc tive as possible, upon Berlin? It is not pleasant to contemplate the shambles that could thus be created, but it must be remem bered that this is war, war to the death, the Allies declare, and the sooner its anguish is brought home to the German people, the soon er may we expect them to understand that its price is not to be imposed on one side only. General Weygand has given proof that the war has graduated from a defensive one on the Allied side. He has demonstrated de termination to carry the war to the enemy as fast as he can assemble his forces for that purpose. Well, the air raid on Paris seems to afford him excellent opportunity to show the benighted followers of Adolf Hitlek that he is not without power to strike terrific blows on Germany’s capital and force them to see the equivalent of the devastation their armies have wrought in other countries. WILMINGTON'S OPPORTUNITY 1 V 'T'HE war in Europe has disrupted world commerce. More and more mercantile ships are going down daily. The loss has been so great since hostilities started last Septem ber that were the world suddenly restored to pre-war conditions, and sea traffic carried on as in the blessed era of unappreciated peace, there would not be sufficient vessels to trans port available cargoes. And the saddening re flection is that before peace can come again the losses in ships will have found a greater and more distressing total. It is not apparent that there are enough ships left at this time to carry on essential mercantile transport even among neutral na tions. Some authorities declare that if no more is done soon to replace vessels lost in the war than is going forward at present there will soon exist a new kind of blockade, not enforced by belligerent navies but by iack of bottoms. This may be an extremist view point, but it at least lays the foundation for the belief that existing shipyards will have to speed up production and new ones be estab lished at advantageous points to swell the na tion’s merchant marine output, if there is to be any ocean commerce at all. Washington is not inclined to consider sub sidizing shipyards or giving material help to promoters of new ones. There is an opinion in the capital that existing facilities are ad equate. and that available national income should be concentrated on production of munitions, guns, warplanes and naval expan sion. But it is indicated that a section of of ficial opinion is gradually swinging to the view that without a strong merchant marine the defense of the realm, upon which we are so conscientiously busy, will lack an essential factor. The transfer of supplies is quite as essential in a war emergency as transfer of troops and guns, and as warplanes cannot be used for transport without lessening their availability in battle, and railways and high ways cannot do the whole job, there must be a large fleet of cargo ships to assure a good With this change in view assuming more hopeful proportions, it is obvious that the United States will finally get around to doing something about shipbuilding. When that time comes, and long before, it will be advis able for Wilmington to be at work for the re opening of the old yards here or the creation of new ones. By so doing, and by carrying on a persistent, well organized and efficiently conducted crusade, Wilmington’s able, if re cently hesitant, leadership will find, among other things, that by being on the ground, with the city’s advantages in plain sight at the moment of decision, it will get what it goes after. Plants of one sort or other are not settled wholly by map study. Partly the decision is determined by pinch-hitting applicants. Wil mington must be among this group, display ing its assets where the determining audience will see them. MORE MILITARY TRAINING We in America have such confidence in our ability to meet any emergency at the hour of its arrival that we are likely to discount the importance of preparation. This is apparent, for example, in our minimizing of military training for civilians. State militias have been skeleton organiza tions until recent years. Since the last World war, to be sure, the government has insisted on a stronger and better equipped national guard, but at best in comparison with popula tion and resources, it is still far below the standard of European countries before the present conflict. Yet it is a part of the foundation of our national defense and an important factor in any defense program. Now, we are face to face with an emergency which may or may not create a crisis, accord ing to the outcome of the war in Europe. Should the nazig triumph, we probably will have to defend our shores against invasion. It would not come the day after an armistice in Europe, or perhaps the year after, or even two or three year*. But it would come, even tually, unless we made ourselves militarily impregnable. To do this, America will have need for much stricter, far-reaching training for civil ians. Not only will the national guard have to be increased and given more intensive training under conditions resembling those of war as closely as possible, but boys of high school and college age will have to become integral 'parts of the nation’s military ma chine on a larger scale than at present- ROTC 'X } units will have to be larger and existing units be given more camp training, to make their personnel thoroughly efficient. Under present schedules prep school and college ROTC groups are sent to camp only during the summers of their junior and senior years. Would it not be advantageous to give them this training and experience dur ing the freshman and sophomore years as well? Surely it would make them better soldiers. And would it not be equally advantageous to make ROTC training compulsory in all high schools? We have not felt the need of compulsory military training on the German basis, largely because two wide oceans seemed to make us immune to attack. But now we know that no ocean is wide enough for that. The airplane has conquered distance, and the old security it afforded is but a memory, a condition which makes it imperative that every boy physically fit be trained in drill and discipline to take up a military burden which becomes more necessary every day that German legions advance in France and Bel gium. North Carolina has been particularly re miss in the organization of ROTC units. The time has come for it to set aside its aversion to enforced soldiering, and invite the govern ment to create units in every high school. PLANES FOR ALLIES It must be apparent to the most casual observer, as well as to the trained minds that propose it, that to deliver our old planes to the Allies in their great emergency is no less to our advantage than to theirs. We have, it appears, many warplanes which could be of no value to us in any later crisis, but which are still serviceable and could do the Allies much good if delivered quickly. The proposal, which has been laid before Presi dent Roosevelt, is to return them to the manufacturers who could rush them to France and England and so get them into the battle while there is still hope of defeating Hitler. The advantage to us in this arrangement lies in the fact that whatever we can do to stem the nazi tide in Europe will help to keep that tide from sweeping this way. It will also make possible speedier replacement of new, more modern warplanes for our own use, should they be needed, or for the Allies in their continued resistance. As the battle proceeds and reaches ever larger areas in Europe the drain on airpower increases. If the Allies are to hold up their end successfully they must have more and more planes, and our help in providing them is indispensible. They are fighting our fight as much as their own. Whatever we can do to aid them, within the expanding limits of our shaky neutrality, should be done. If old planes are needed, especially the bombers which are still effective, why quibble about sending them? The decision, of course, is up to Mr. Roose velt. He is in the best position to arrive at it. But it is difficult to see how he can op pose the proposal. . i editorial Comments From Other Angles BROWDER GUILTY OF TREASON? Charlotte Observer Ear] Browder, leader of the communist party and Its nominee for the presidency of the Unit ed States strikes us as being guilty of high treason and self-condemned by some of the statements made in his speech of acceptance yesterday. It is not foi us to say that he should be ar rested, tried and convicted for treason against the United States, alhough the minds of many of the people of this country must have been sparked into wondering after hearing how far a subversive influence can go before it is crim inally subversive, or how intelligent is the American right of freedom when it is permitted to go to the point of exercising "freedom to de stroy freedom." It is not, however, this which is in mind. Browder Is clearly guilty of preaching doc trine subversive of the Soviet philosophy which he represents and which he will carry into his campaign for the White House in demanding that the United Slates have done with its pre paredness program, and that, instead, it com mit itself to the ways and habits of peace, let ting “the two imperialistic powers of Europe” fight it out among themselves. That is his view and attitude as stated in his speech of acceptance. He is a militant pacifist, and, therefore trea sonable to the philosophy of communism as in carnated in its chief high priest of Moscow. Stalin does not believe in letting the "two imperialistic powers of Europe” fight it out alone. Indeed, he jumped into the fray himself after collaboration with Hitler, sending his legions to pounce upon and blast Finland off the map, seizing the booty which was surrendered to the impious and bloody hands of his armed forces when they had beaten these free people Into an enforced surrender. If Stalin, therefore, the head of communism in the world, is committed to war, is backing Hitler now in his enterprise to subjugate the continent of Europe to his imperial brutality, how is it that Earl Browder, the representative of Stalin and of the communist government of Moscow can be so passionately committed to the cause of pacifism and so rebellious against the idea of the United States taking up arms even for no more outrageous end than to keep Itself from suffering the fate of other demo cracies ? What is this if it is not outright treason to communism? QUOTATIONS | In this decade another social responsibility must be assumed by industry—the responsibil ity to workers thrown out of work by new ma chinery.—Philip Murray chairman of the SWOC. • * •* * The communists have wrecked our move ment, just as they wrecked the recent Youth Congress. — A. Philip Randolph, declining re election as president of the National Negro Congress, ys The Editor’s LETTER BOX The editor does not necessari ly endorse any article appear in this department. They repre sent the views of the individual readers. Correspondents are warned that all communications must contain tht correct name ,i.od ’dress for our records, though the latter may be signed as the writer sees fit. The Star News reserves the right to alter any >r:t th»t for any reason is objectionable. Letters on con oversial subjects will not be published. SCHOOL GARDEN CONTEST Dear Sir: Personally and in behalf of every father and mother whose boy or girl took part in the school garden contest1940, I wish to publicly extend to Mr. Carl Rehder and Mr. R. B. Page my most sincere thanks and deepest appreciation for their untiring efforts in making the school garden contest such a wonderful success. In addition to the cash prizes, the trophys or cups presented to the most successful contestant each year by Mr. Page of The Star-News jointly with Mr. Reh der’s forethought and advice, have no doubt encouraged our boys and girls to have more and better gar dens each year. From a standpoint of knowledge and experience I believe the les sons learned in planting and grow ing of vegetables and flowers in the School Garden contest to be vital factors in the future develop ment both mentally and physically of our boys and girls. I am sure each boy and girl con testant deeply appreciates the un tiring efforts and interest shown by both Mr. Rehder and Mr. Page who have done so much to make this work a success. The lessons learned in the plant ing and growth of different vege tables and flowers learned in their school work supplemented by prac tical experience in their garden work is a most constructive step. I believe all boy and gill con testants as they grow up in later years will always cherish in their •memories their experiences in the school garden work. I believe the cultivation of school gardens has been a great help in the growth and welfare of the youth of our community. In conclusion I believe Mr. Reh der’s work is to be commended I wish both Mr. Rehder and Mr. Page and all contestants still great er success in the Star-News School Garden contest for 1941. Sincerely yours. P. V. Coppedge 1310 Castle St. Wilmington, N. C. June 3, 1940 2 Man About Manhattan By George Tucker NEW YORK. June 3.—“You'd think we were a couple of inter lopers from Hollywood trying to taunt the critics into a fury.” It was a black Friday indeed for Laurence Olivier. About him were scattered the New York daily newspapers. They carried sour re views of his play, “Romeo and Juliet,” which had opened on Broadway the night before. The front pages were flaming with headlines — Britain threatened— France invaded. Mr. Olivier is an Englishman. He is engaged to marry Miss Vivien Leigh, the erstwhile Atlanta Jezebel of “Gone With the Wind.” Miss Leigh had opened in the play with him in the role of Juliet. The critics had hopped on this pro duction, some of them savagely. “They should have called it 'Lau rence and Vivien’ instead of ‘Ro meo and Juliet,”’ one critic wrote. All this left Mr. Olivier slightly stunned. “Did any actor ever get worse reviews, I wonder?” He was assured many actors had drawn worse reviews — Ray mond Massey’s attempt at Ham let, for instance. * * * In a way, this was a disappoint ment to a great number of people who aren’t even connected with the theater. Miss Leigh made such a nit in “Wind” and when her en gagement to Olivier was announc ed, the “Romeo and Juliet” idea seemed a sort of lovers’ dream come true. But the reviewers, almost with out exception, condemned the pro duction. One critic suggested that the only reason they decided to play Shakespeare’s tragedy of the star crossed lovers was because they were in love themselves and were trying to cash in on the public’s well-known sympathy for people who are in love. Since it was Mr. Olivier who pro duced the play and directed, most of the brickbats were heaved into his dressing room. They accused him of mumbling his lines, of be ing indistinct, and of prancing around the stage in a sort of daze, rhey said Miss Leigh was lovely out that she was in no sense the smouldering maid of 14th century Italy that Juliet was supposed to he. Juliet was 14, and there is an old sacred cow of critical opinion that says no actress can play the role until she is forty. * * * Miss Leigh is a long way from iO, but she was an old hand at Shakespeare long before she ever delivered a stinging slap across RhetwBtUh hU%Cheek- S° was Oliv ier‘v^ Heath v«Clippine* tor his htf-’^nri h llfl in “Wuthermg Heights, and her Academy award for her portrayal of Scarlett • LOVE, COURTSHIP AND MARRIAGE Those Who Niss Wedding Bells Can Blame Themselves BY ERNEST R. AND GLADYS S. GROVES Noted Authorities on Marriage Relations Those who look longingly at the wedding bells that ring for others, but not for them, have only them selves to thank. Somewhere along the road, they have taken one turn after another leading to single, ra ther than double, blessedness. Some are very well satisfied with their independent situation. Others at times convince themselves that they are in a sorry predicament. This, however, may be just a bit ot the play-acting that all of us indulge in occassionally. casting ourselves in the leading role, par ticularly if it be a tragic one. Those who seem “cut out for marriage,” yet fail to achieve it, are the ones who can do most for themselves. They may have been going on, year after year, in the place, or job, or social group, which they happen to have made their own, regardless of the fact that it holds out little hope of their meeting any marriageable person. Some are too modest—perhaps because over-proud, or afraid to risk having their feelings hurt by laying themselves open to ridicule —to show themselves as they are, and therefore hide the most in teresting layers of their person ality. Then they wonder why they attract only mediocre, uninterest ing people. Those who are but a little less shy feel at ease only with those whom they think of as inferior. A few are so self-conscious about marriage, whether because they are afraid of showing their eager ness to attain it, or because they nave been turned against the idea of marrying perhaps by the im print of the happenings of child hood in a unhappy home), that they make friends only with un marrigeable or already married people. This is doubly risky, since, in spite of their anti-marriage slant, they may be swept off their feet by an unexpected love for a mar ried person. 2 | NEXT: Blowing Out Old Flames. CENTER DISCOVERED BERN, Switzerland, June 3 —UPl—Swiss authorities reported to 1 day that an international commu nist propaganda center had been discovered in a raid on a cooper ative printing plant at Basel last March. The government said it planned to meet soon to decide whether recent communist activ ity warranted banning the party in Switzerland. Some cantons, no tably Geneva, already have banned Ihe party. 1 O Hara, these latest press com ments must be difficult to recon cile. But there they are. In cold print. Meanwhile, with their ears trained on the radio, and their eyes on the box office, life in New ^,°hwan very hectic for two subjects of the British empire, whether their love is star-crossed or not. Hollywood Sights And Sounds l *— ■ .By Robbin Coons — --* HULLYWUUU, June 3.—"Wat erloo Bridge.” Screenplay by S. N. Behrman, Hans Rameau and George Froeschel, from play by Robert E. Sherwood. Directed by Mervyn L:Roy. Principals: Vivien Leigh, Rob ert Taylor, Lucille Watson, Vir ginia Field, Maria Ouspenska ya, C. Aubrey Smith. With sseveral pre-Scarlett movies on the screen now, Miss Leigh of fers in "Waterloo Bridge” a new characterization to save her from the stamp of "one-picture” star dom. There is nothing of Scarlett, though more than a tinge of scar let, in her role of a sweet girl buf feted by war’s cruelties. And she brings appeal and dramatic con viction to the assignment. Besides proving again that the academy award winner really can act, the picture has other news in Taylor — his most mature, best handled part to date. Even without the jaunty moustache he sports, he would have managed, acting as he does here, to be taken seriously. Myra (Leigh) is a ballet dancer; Roy (Taylor), a young army officer about to leave for the front in World War I. They meet in a bomb shelter, plan to marry, but are thwarted by a legal techni cality. Having lost her job, Myra with her friend Kitty (Field) is unable to survive in war-disrupted London; waiting to meet Roy’s mother (Watson), she reads his death notice in a newspaper; shock and the effort to conceal the news cause her to behave so rudely as to estrange the mother, from whom she might have expected help. When desperate Kitty and Myra have taken what they (with Hays’ office sanction) insist is not "the easiest way,” Roy returns. Keep ing her secret against her better ---- judgment, Myra consents to marry him, goes with him to his country home. There she is confronted by so many evidences of his high fam ily standards that she confesses to the mother and insists upon fleeing. By the time Roy has learned the truth and is off in eager pursui'. Myra has come to the end which in the movies is always destined for her type, regardless of extenu ating circumstances. It is a tragic tale, slow in getting under way, but interesting a n d moving for its performances and central situation. * * * ' “Torrid Zone.” William Keigh ley directing Ann Sheridan, Pat O'Brien. James Cagney. O’Brien is manager of a banana company somewhere in the "torrid zone” of Central America. Cagney is his confrere, about to desert for the softer life of a Chicago office. Just as Managing Editor Burns deterred Hildy Johnson in "The Front Page.” O’Brien lures Cag ney into "one more month" on the plantation where trouble, in the form of a revolutionary enterprise fostered by the excellent character actor, George Tobias, is at hand. Miss Sheridan is the itinerant, card-sharping cafe singer, hounded by O’Brien and befriended — anc more—by Cagney. Cagney and O’Brien carry on a Flagg-Quirt feud through the rapid melodrama that ensues, and Annie again shows that all the "oomph ’ is not on paper. “Torrid Zone is good, fast stuff. Its “torrid" atmos phere is excellently projected. * * * “La Conga Nights.” You'll want to see Hugh Herbert play himself and a half dozen other guys—and ladies—in this rath er bright little number. 1 $357,000,000 U. S. Road Program Is Approved WASHINGTON, June 3—Au thorization of a $357,000,000 fed eral highway aid program for the fiscal years 1942-43 was approved by the house today after several members stressed the importance of highways to national defense. The bill (HR 9575) was sent to the senate after the house accept ed an amendment cutting by 25 per cent the original authorization proposal of $476,000,000. Committee estimates of state ap portionments under the $476,000,000 figure, all of which must be re duced 25 per cent if the senate sustains house action reducing them, showed: Alabama, $4,086,000; Arkansas, $2,400,000; Florida, $2,715,000; Georgia, $4,731,000; Kentucky. $3, 020,000; Louisiana, $2,930,000; Maryland, $1,731,000; North Caro 1 i n a, $4, 743,000; Mississippi, $3,407,000; South Carolina, $2,734, 000; Tennessee. $4,052,000: Virgin ia $3,651,000; West Virginia, $2, 277,000. 1 Sheriff Jones Appoints C. P. Snow Office Deputy The appointment of Charles P. Snow as office deputy to fill the vacancy recently created by the death of Joe A. Stalllnajs was an nounced yesterday by Sheriff C. David Jones. t Typhoid Inoculation Slate Being Arranged Dr. A. H. Elliot, county health officer, announced yesterday that a schedule for typhoid inoculation clinics in the rural sections of the county is near completion. As soon as the final announfe* ment is made, which will be within the next few days, every peis' ii who has not had the inoculation for the past three years si • ■ have it renewed as soon as pos sible, Dr. Elliot stated. j Any unusual exposures should he > checked immediately. Any Pers"l! \ who's work exposes them to placfs that are likely to carry the rci"1' are asked to take the inoculat "in even if they have had it witlnn the past two years. Those who are not able to ham a family doctor are asked to t advantage of the clinic most C"ti venient to them. ASKS LEAVE MEW YORK, June 3—(Ah—Wil liam S. Knudsen, president of Gen eral Motors Corp., has asked di rectors of the company for a leave ■ of absence which will permit him to devote his full time to the Na- ! tional defense council. He was named to>the council by President | Roosevelt last week. 1 PENNY ANTE ! ROCK HILL, S. C. W-Marion ] Chapman’s pet dog is named Pen ny. but he suddenly became worth i-900. He swallowed Mrs. Chap man's diamond ring. Another Parachutist OUST AS Soon AS WlTLERGETS 'emcliakdown, I'LL. OUMP iNAUD STAB'EM If^TOE BACK!