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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, June 15, 1940, Image 1

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Dedicated To The Progress 01 Served by Leased Wire of the
WILMINGTON ASSOCIATED PRESS
And Southeastern North With Complete Coverage of
Carolina State and National News
.^TtSTo- 218 1 WILMINGTON, N. C., SATURDAY, JUNE 15, 1940_ + + ESTABLISHED 1867
FRENCH RETREAT SOUTH OF GERMAN-HELD PARIS;
BRITISH EXPRESS HOPES U. S. WILL ENTER WAR
POWERFUL NAZI OFFENSIVE
ON MAGINOT LINE REPORTED
REPULSED BY FRENCH ARMY
-- ¥
GLOOM HITS BRITAIN I
Nation Renews Assertion
That ‘Whatever Happens
Britain Will Fight On’
WANTS AMERICAN AID
BRITAIN 1
LONDON, June 15—(Saturday)—
OP)—This “blackest week in histo
ry” for Britain and France drew
from official circles today the dog
ged assertion that “whatever
happens Britain will fight on
against Nazi Germany, while press
and radio turned eager, specula
tive eyes on “the prospects o f
American intervention.”
Confronted with the fall of Paris
hard in the wake of Italy’s entry
into the war as a foe of the Allies,
the British flung open their war
chest to make immediate pur
chases of everything needed t o
prosecute the conflict.
Commentator’s Quotations
The “intervention” and “black
ey! week” quotations both came
from ‘ a» official BritTsh radio com
mentator, who said the prospect
of the former more than counter
balanced the latter.
The London News Chronicle as
serted:
“A declaration of war by Ameri
ca now would inject an impulse of
bounding hope into every French
man’s heart.
“The effect on the Nazi would
be correspondingly depressing.
“Now, in —this momentous crisis
America may have it in her power
to tide civilization over its dark
est hour by a strong dramatic
act.
The newspaper’s commentator,
Vernon Bartless, said he believed
150 German divisions (about 2,250,
000 men) had been identified i n
the present battle of France and
that “many more” remained i n
reserve.
Faces Great Odds
“Faced with such odds,” he de
clared, “it is doubtful whether any
(Continued on Page Three, Col. 3)
SPANISH TROOPS
OCCUPY TANGIER
Demonstrating Youths And
Spokesmen Refer To Zone
As Forever Spanish
MADRID, June 14.—(IP)—Demon
strating Spanish youths sang songs
of empire today and falangist
(fascist) party spokesmen referred
to Tangier, Morocco, as forever
Spanish as Spain’s forces took up
stations in the neutralized interna
tional zone at Africa’s northwest
ern tip. They marched in without
a fight.
Two divisions of troops and a
destroyer moved into the 225
sguare mile Tangier zone this
morning. A foreign ministry spokes
man here said the action was tak
(Continued on Page Three, Col. 6)
7UTURE IS UNCERTAIN
>oiIus Counterattack With
Desperate Fury As They
Stage Withdrawal
rOURS IS ABANDONED
FRANCE
TOURS, Franco, June li.—UP)—
rhe main armies of France fell back
tonight far below abandoned, Ger
man-invaded Paris in a fighting re
treat that may be their last move
ment of the war.
Other forces far to the east were
declared to have thrown back, with
"tremendous losses,’’ a German head*
on attack against the Maginot line.
All but broken under the mightiest
assault ever thrown against men,
the Polius who fought tire main bat
tle of France counterattacked will]
a desperate fury as they retired un
der the Nazi pressure.
Future Uncertain
They did not even know whether
their command could continue the
struggle.
Paris, which the government lonjf
since had fled, was gone—occupied
by the Germans and ringed by their
armored units and infantrymen.
Tours, the new emergency seat of
the ministers from which Premier
Reynaud sent a “last appeal’’ to
President Roosevelt iast night for
American aid, was being abandoned
for yet another refuge—presumably
the far southern seaport of Bor
deaux.
Tonight’s communique said the
withdrawal below Paris had been
“carried out conforming to plans,’’
but was barren of details beyond dis
closing the first French naval ac
tion against Italy in this war.
Italian Coast Bombed
This was the bombardment last
night by French warships of indus
trial establishments and the railway
line along the Italian coast—an op
eration accompanied by an air raid
in the region of Venice and the drop
ping of pamphlets on Rome.
But word from the fronts was lit
tle and bare of comfort for the
French, aside from the French suc
cess reported at the Maginot line,
west of the Saar.
German advances carried on the
east as far as Romilly, 65 raile3
southeast of Paris, and to St . Dizier,
nearly 150 miles east of Paris.
• The German west flank also ad
vanced. (Five words were censored
in the reference to this movement}
(Continued on Page Three, Col. 3)
r - 4
Nazis Launch
Huge Maginot
Line Assault
Army Marches Into Paris,
Claims French Collapsing
On The Northern Front
REAR ATTACK PUSHED
Authorities Deny Report
U. S. Envoy Bullitt In
Protective Custody
GERMANY
BERLIN, June 14—(#>—.The con
quering German army marched in
to Paris today, jubilantly declared
the French to be collapsing on the
whole northern front, and loosed
a frontal assault on France’s Mag
inot line from the region of the
Simultaneously, other German
divisions moved from the rear
against that mighty chain of fort
resses—defended by more than a
million Frenchmen—and appeared
to be slowly turning it.
Capture Montmedy
Montmedy, the line’s northern
anchor, fell to them and they also
claimed to have stormed thro-'jh
the southern fringe of -the Argoiflie
forest behind the defenses in that
The Germans were advancing on
Verdun, a key northern fortifica
tion in the Maginot system.
In this fiercest of all offensives,
the old French capital undefended
Paris—was taken without bom
bardment, and the Nazi High Com
mand announced:
“The third phase—pursuit of the
enemy until final destruction—now
has beeun.’’
Hitler declared a three-day nou
day. Bands played. Crowds cheer
ed hoarsely in Berlin.
From the sea to Sedan, about
25 miles northwest of Montmedy,
French resistance was declared to
be crumbling.
Deny Bullitt Report
With German troops marching in
Paris for the first time since 1871,
German authorities denied a report
that U. S. Ambassador William C.
Bullitt, who remained there until
the end, was in the protective cus
tody of the invaders.
German authorities said exult
antly that the fall of Paris meant
the "beginning of the general col
lapse of France,” and they des
cribed as “a cry of despair the
second appeal for American aid
made by Premier Paul Reynaud
of France to President Roosevelt.
“The complete defeat of France
is now only only a question of
time,” The authoritative commen
tary service Dienst Aus Deutsch
land declared.
“With the loss the capital, the
heart of France has been struck.
France has been stripped of the
main part of its armament in
dustries.
“Communications with England
after the fall of Le Havre-thc
capture of this vital channel port
was claimed during the day—can
only be maintained scantily.
“Fate Sealed”
“As urgent as was the appeal of
Reynaud to the American Presi
dent, the fate of France can never
theless be regarded as sealed.”
The occupation of Paris, mill
(Continued on Page Three, Col. 5)
------H
Preparedness
Advocated At
| fleeting Here
Crowd Of Nearly 1,000
Persons Hears Thurman,
Hogue And Freed
resolution ADOPTED
Call Is Made For Drastic
Measures In Developing
Nation’s Defenses
Ttree speakers—each preaching
, doctrine of preparedness against
threats from abroad-presented the
case for the Americas in stirring
fashion at a meeting called by the
Committee for American Prepared
jess at the courthouse last night,
yearly 1.000 Pe°Ple were Present
’ The speakers and their prepared
ness platforms:
Kabbi Mordecai M. Thurman, of
the Temple of Israel: "We have
had enough cogitation, It is time
now for some agitation. Let us so
prepare the defenses of the United
States that no nation will harbor
the thought of transplanting here
an alien ideology.”
(alls lor training
Cyrus D. Hogue, local attorney
and past state commander of the
American Legion: “'It this country
is to meet any threats, we must
lava universal military training
md we must for the present subor
Jnate some of the principles we
lold dear,"
The Rev. Walter B. Freed, pas
tor of St. Paul’s Lutheran church:
‘We have heard much of total
tar. I now call on you as United
States citizens for total prepared
ness. We must prepare ourselves
in our defenses, we must prepare
intellectually, and we must pre
pare agriculturally.”
Alan A. Marshall acted as chair
tan of the meeting.
Resolution Adopted
A resolution, calling for drastic
measures in the direction of de
veloping the nation's defenses, was
adopted. It was prepared and pre
sented by the steering committee
(Continued on Page Three, Col. 4)
CAUSE OF ALLIES
CHEERED BY TURKS
Grand Council Makes It
Plain It Does Not Plan To
Enter War, However
ISTANBUL. June 14— W) —The
Panel council of the republican
Peoples party—virtually the gov
trning body of Turkey—cheered
^e Allied cause today but the gov
ernment continued to make it clear
" does not plan to enter the war
*' 'his ume.
An ovation on behalf of the Brit
and French came after debate
"’ which Premier Refik Saydam
tnd foreign minister Sukru Sara
told the grand council that
®key was unswerving in her
oreiSn policy.
Il was learned that during the
eeting stress was laid on the
tnon of Turkey’s mutual assis
ee pact with the Allies which
! J'S Turkey is required to take
lit act’on which might lead hex
10 conflict with Soviet Russia.
[WEATHER
■Vorth c FORECAST
Carolina — Partly cloudy, seat
Iho I,,.,, '"dershowers Sunday- and ir
Saturday.
tiiilini .™°K‘eal data for the 24 hour!
1 "‘0 l1- >n. yesterday).
1:3(1 i Temperature
ft. !S .,!!!■ ‘5; 7:30 a. m. 76; 1:30 p
feininniJ['!; P- m- SO; maximum 90
1 mean 81; normal 77.
1:30 a , Humidity
>»-5Se v'.,?' 94: 7:30 a. m. 90; 1:30 p
' 1■3» P- in. 77.
, Total f,.. Precipitation
Inches• ... -’.hours ending 7:30 0.0
‘ it inches131 sirice first °* the montl
. (From *?,“«• For Today
* Coast V ,e T ables published by X)
ami Geodetic Survey).
High Lov
" ilniingi 01) 5:25a 12:27i
“.-. 6:10p 12:48]
.seaborn r„i , 3:14a 9:34;
, Sunrise Vm et-4 :04P 10:18]
Ht mwfeiu? 7:25P: m°°nriS
__1
War Makes Strange Fair-Fellows
1^ -
French
Pavilion
^ J
Ironically close neighbors are the New York Worlds fair pavilions
of Great Britain and France and that of their new enemy, Italy, as
photo above shows. All three structures are under police guard,_
F. R. Scoffs At Hitler’s
Pledge Against Invasion
AIR TRAINING PUSHED
Nation’s Leader Says Hit
ler’s Remarks ‘Bring
Up Recollections’
WASHINGTON, June 14—(AT—
President Roosevelt today openly
scoffed at any Hitler pledge to
refrain from invading the west
ern hemisphere, while his aides
announced plans for training 10,
600 men annually for the huge
air force of the future.
At a press conference, Mr.
Roosevelt was informed of a news
dispatch (By Karl Von Wiegand,
chief foreign correspondent of the
Hearst newspapers) stating t h a t
Hitler had called any idea of a
western hemisphere invasion
“grotesque.”
Direct Quotation
Going to the unusual length of
authorizing direct quotation, Mr.
Roosevelt said in a tone of pointed
sarcasm that Hitler’s remarks
“bring up recollections. i hose
few words he thought sufficient to
the subject, saying they could be
enlarged with dates and the names
of countries going back over a
period of years.
He did not elaborate on this,
but his obvious meaning was that
on specific dates, Hitler had as
sured particular countries that
they were safe from German at
(Continued on page Three, Col. 2)
RELIEF MEASURE
HIKED BY SENATE
t _
Two Groups Team Up To
Place $100,000,000
In Annual Bill
* >»»•”“
^Disregarding economy pleas of
Disre0a (D-Colo), floor
feeandaer of the bulky annual relief
appropriation, the senate made
Sickly approved the increase m
thSeMtorUAdams reminded the
members that congress already
i voted $85,000,000 for these pur
had c in the regular farm bill and
thai another $100,000,000 would be
. automatically diverted from
■ CURutmsenators' interested in both
1 farm and city relief insisted that
! war conditions and national pre
' paredness could well be served by.
' additional fund*
British Children May .
Be Sent To America
LONDON, June 14— (/P) —The
Daily Mail says a plan to send
100,000 British school children to
the United States for the dura
tion of the war is under con
sideration by an unofficial com
mittee of three members of
parliament.
These members were named as
Major A. N. Braithwaite, J. C.
Wedgwood, and J. R- Robinson.
Braithwaite was quoted as say
ing Robinson had flown to the
United States to discuss the pro
posal with such organizations as
the American Red Cross and the
American Refugees Fund.
MAKKtKi UlNVtlLtU
IN BLADEN COUNTY
John Bright Hill Speaks At
General Thomas Brown
Tablet Ceremonies
ELIZABETHTOWN, June 14—A
marker erected by the Daughters
of the American Revolution in
memory of General Thomas
Brown, on the highway near Oak
land, his old home place, was un
veiled near here today with a his
torical address by John Bright Hill,
of Wilmington, a descendant of
General Brown.
Another marker to the memory
of Col. James Richardson was un
veiled near Harmony Hall.
Mr. Hill gave a review of the
history of Bladen county, praising
it| part in the Revolutionary war
(Continued on Page Three, Col. 5)
__..★
Shaken To Pieces ^
A huge German bomb missed these buildings in Paris, exploded in
the street. But the concussion literally shook the houses to pieces.
Workmen are seen preparing to fill gaping crater left by bomb. Photo
passed by French censor. _
Italy Plans To Harass
Allies At Many Points
_ w
HAS SECONDARY ROLE
Hopes To Keep Enemies
Busy While Nazi Legions
Finish Off France
ITALY |
ROME, June 14—(B—Italy’s part
in the war became manifest today
as a sniping action to keep the
Allies harassed at many points
while the Germans try to finish
off the French.
These tactics were outlined i n
Italian newspapers, giving Italy a
role secondary to Germany and
aimed particularly at keeping
French and British forces in the
Meditteranean and Red seas occu
pied with air raids.
Little Fighting
The only fighting on the French
frontier by Italian troops reported
by the High Command was an ac
tion where Italians drove back a
French attack at Galisia Hill,
where there is an Alpine moun
tain pass into Italy.
In its third communique of the
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 7)
BRITAIN OPENS WAR CHEST AND PLANS
TO BUY ALL ARMS AVAILABLE IN U. S.
LONDON, June 14—UP)—Brit
ain tonight open full wide the
war chest treasured aginst
the now abandoned conception
of a “long war” and ordered
the immediate wholesale pur
chase of every tool of battle
available in America.
* In the momentous decision
that the tide must be turned
in France within weeks at
most, the British made clear
they were going all out to
obtain post-haste guns and am
munition, even of world war
vintage, to supply tommies
streaming back onto the con
tinent on “return tickets from
the disaster of Flanders.
At the expense of sorely
needed home defenses, the
British coupled all their stor
ed-up economic resources with
manpower, staking everything
on a fight in France far below
the abandoned city of Paris.
The British decision is a sud
den turn from the long war
plan aimed at star ing out
Germany — as was done in
1917 — and it comes in the
face of Nazi claims that the
British blockade of the seas
has been broken by the Allied
setbacks in Scandinavia, the
low countries and Flanders.
Government sources disclos
ed that war funds allocated
for years now are released for
spending in weeks.
In effect it is an economic
blitzkrieg to meet the piled-up
Nazi war stores and men pres
sing ever deeper into France
and of offset, as best it can,
the loss of 75 to 80 per cent
of France’s steel producing
plants, now in German-occupi
ed territory.
Most French annumition
plants, however, are in the
south and thus still in Allied
hands.
The government now is more
concerned with obtaining war
materials already fabricated in
the United States rather than in
pressing for new manufactures.
Obsolete though they may be,
the United States’ left-overs
I
V
from the World war are sought
urgently to replace the arms
lost wholesale to the Nazis in
the historic flight from the
Flanders pocket.
Speed of delivery is the shib
boleth of the new campaign,
with the decision of war meas
ured in weeks instead of years.
The British idea outlined to
day echoes the plea made late
last night by French remier
aul Reynaud for “clouds of
warplanes” immediately
swarming over the Atlantic,
presumably flying with their
own power rather than snail
ing across in surface ships.
(Continued on Page Three, Col. 6)
Bill To Hike Power Of
Canadian Government
Given First Reading
OTTAWA, June 14—(#)—Virtual
ly unlimited powers to mobilize
Canadian trade and industry for
war purposes would be conferred
upon the government in a bill giv
en first reading in the House of
Commons today.
C. D. Howe, minister of muni
tions and supply, said the measure
would give to him “all the powers
I could think of,” to place Cana
dian industry at the maximum of
efficiency and capacity.” 4
Von Spiegel Says Nazis
WillRerpemberU.S.Acts
HE PREDICTS VICTORY
Asserts Nation Will Not
Forget That America As
sisted Her Enemies
NEW ORLEANS, June 14
—(/p)—a German consul general,
predicting early German victory
over France, today said his gov
ernment “will not forget that when
she was fighting bitterly for her
very life, the United States gave
every material aid to her ene
mies.”
The statement was made by Ba
ron Edgar Von Spiegel, consul for
8 southern states and Puerto Rico
and the Virgin islands, in an in
terview with a New Orleans Staten
reporter. He later said he had not
meant to talk for publication.
Named At Hearings
Von Spiegel’s name figured in
he Dies committee hearings in
Washington last Aug. 22 when
president John H. Sherman of
Tampa (Fla.) university said the
German had attempted to give the
school free German language
books on Germany and questioned
| (Continued on Page Three, Col. 4)
>1
V.
V
ARMED MERCHANT
CRUISER IS SUNK
Men Man Guns Until Last
Minute And Believe They
Destroyed Submarine
LONDON, June 14.— (TP) —The
armed merchant cruiser Scotstoun,
mortally wounded by a torpedo,
sank today, but guns manned by
men waist deep in water were be
lieved to have taken revenge
against her submarine attacker.
Even when shells had to be car
ried over their heads to keep them
dry, the British navy men aboard
the former Anchor liner Caledonia
served her guns, and they were
not silenced except by waves which
sent clouds of steam up from their
heated barrels.
Two officers and four seamen
were not saved, but their rescued
comrades believed they “got” the
submarine while their own craft
was settling slowly.
The 17,046-ton vessel formerly
| (Continued on Page Three; Col. S
i
• r\

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