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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, June 20, 1940, Image 4

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Wtlttiinoton S’tar
Published Daily Except Sunday
By The Wilmington Star-New*
At The Murchison Building
R. B. Page, Otfner and Pablisher
Telephone All Departments
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ton N. C„ Postotfice Under Act of Congress
of March 3, 1879
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The Associated Press
is entitled to the exclusive use of all news
etories appearing in The Wilmington Star
THURSDAY, JUNE 20, 1940
-- ---1
Star-News Program
i consolidated City-County Government
under Council-Manager Administration.
Public Port Terminals.
Perfected Truck and Berry Preserving
and Marketing Facilities.
Arena lor Sports and Industrial
Shoics.
Seaside Highway from Wrightsville
Beach to Bald Head Island.
Extension of City Limits.
S5-Foot Cape Fear River channel, wid
er Turning Basin, with ship lanes into
industrial sites along Eastern bank
south of Wilmington.
Paved River Road to Southport, via
Orton Plantation.
Development of Pulp Wood Produc
tion through sustained-yield methods
throughout Southeastern North Carolina.
Unified Industrial and Resort Pro
motional Agency, supported by one,
county-wide tax.
Shipyards and Drydock.
Negro Health Center for Southeastern
North Carolina, developed around the
Community Hospital.
Adequate hospital facilities for whites.
Junior High School.
Tobacco Warehouse for Export Buyers.
Development of native grape growing
throughout Southeastern North Carolina.
Modern Tuberculosis Sanatorium.
TOP O’ THE MORNING
There's a voice in the wilderness crying,
A call from the ways untrod;
Prepare in the desert a highivay,
A highivay for our God!
J. L. Milligan.
A VITAL THING
As a result of a house resolution passed by
overwhelming majority, the Monroe Doctrine
becomes a vital thing in this hemisphere. The
resolution serves notice on the world that the
United States would not “acquiesce” in the
transfer of territory in the Americas from one
non-American nation to another. There is more
than a hint of possible war in this. It is a po
tential declaration of war against any power
which dares violate the doctrine’s provisions.
There is no mention of any specific nation,
but it obviously is directed against Germany,
and quite as obviously refers to French and
British possessions in this hemisphere. The
resolution must still be concurred in by the
senate and be approved by the President. But
in the present mood of our legislators and
Chief Executive there is no reason to suppose
it will not become law.
By this and every other step taken at Wash
ington, it becomes more and more apparent
daily that national defense is the importanl
need of the hour.
SIDEWALKS NEXT
Wilmington’s pedestrian population, long
forced to walk in the streets of certain neigh
borhoods, has watched with deep interest the
progress of paving projects under the present
program and grieved to see that no sidewalks
yrere forthcoming.
They should be of good cheer. The word of
Commissioner J. E. L. Wade is a fountain ot
hope. When this program is complete and work
starts on the next, sidewalks will be laid or. ail
past-west streets from Chestnut to Castle.
It will be remembered that when the latest
allocation for street work was made for Wil
mington it was specified that no new jobs would
be started until the old program was com
pleted. This means that while there are many
thousands of dollars earmarked for additional
street improvements they cannot be touched un
til the last lap on present projects is finished
In the meantime pedestrians are encouraged
to endure the discomfort and hizard of mean
dering in the trafficways of their neighbor
hoods, and content themselves with the defin
ite assurance of Commissioner Wade that re
lief for them In the form of paved sidewalks
is but a matter of a few months.
a r
J i
TRAINING FOR ALL YOUTHS
rpHE United States has never taken kindly to
the thought of universal military training.
One reason is found in the fact that the United
States has always been able to deal with its
military emergencies as they came and saw no
excuse for constant, wide-spread preparedness.
Another is that the principle involved seemed
to invade the rights of the individual. Nation
al independence included personal independ
ence. Any surrender of this private liberty was
repellant.
But all this was before the present war up
set all principles of civilized living and threat
ened to substitute despotism throughout the
the world. Now we see that some form of uni
versal training for the younger men and even
for the younger women may have to be invoked
as a measure of safety. President Roosevelt
has hit upon a plan, still more or less nebulous
but sound at the roots, for placing draft-age
men in employment either as soldiers or as
industrial wTorkers and young women in jobs
where their services would be most valuable
in war-time.
The boys thus brought under discipline
would learn to be not only soldiers, sailors,
marines, aviators, gunners, but artisans cap
able of manning essential industries. In a
broad way tl: program, as outlined by the
President, is an expansion of the CCC idea—
teaching the young men of the nation to be
most useful for the national welfare, and at the
same time training them for gainful employ
ment in many trades after the -emergency
passes. The program would go a long way to
ward solving me current unemyiu^mcut yiuu
lem. and enable many thousands of idle youths
to earn a livelihood.
This is a long way from the European prin
ciple of universal military training. We be
lieve it a vast improvement. There is no thought
of making it permanent. Mr. Roosevelt makes
it plain that he envisions the system as oper
ative for only a year for each enrollee.
One year’s valuable apprenticeship in useful
tasks for the boys of America. One year’s per
sonal assistance in the program of defense
There is so much to recommend the plan that
it is hard to believe there will be any strong
opposition to it.
FIFTH COLUMN
From Dutch army officers who escaped to
England when Holland’s defense crumbled we
learned something of Nazi fifth column meth
ods. The shocking revelations indicate all too
plainly what Great Britain may expect when
invasion of the British Isles is launched, and
even what we must be prepared to repulse if
Hitlek, emboldened by his conquests in Eu
rope, unleashes his blitzkrieg upon us.
The report of the Dutch officers, which has
been turned over to high British officials, deals
chiefly with the activities of Nazi parachutists.
It shows that German troops dropped from
planes carried maps of the regions where they
were landed, and were given strict orders to
immediately contact fifth collmnists in those
areas. They were told of certain houses which
harbored pro-Nazis, who had identification
cards. If a parachutist called at a house and
the householder could not produce his identifi
cation card, the soldier immediately opened
fire. W’ith The Hague and its rich industrial
area as principal goal, more than 10,000 para
chutists were dropped in its vicinity. Each
parachutist was equipped with sidearms and
24 rounds of ammunition. Some had light ma
chine guns and automatic rifles. Mostly they
were clad in overalls, the baggy legs of which
concealed chemical foods to last 14 days. In
their helmets were concealed miniature ra
dios for receiving orders from German planes.
They carried several hand grenades. Some were
dressed as girls, some as priests, some as mis.
i juii u in111lui v unuoi ms were irequenuy nseu.
Tnese Germans in Dutch uniforms created great
ronfusion everywhere. When the ruse had once
been discovered, no one knew whom to trust.
Everybody suspected everybody else.
The New York Herald Tribune, in a special
dispatch from its Washington bureau, reports:
“When feasible, the parachute units were
given more supplies by German planes able
to effect landings. In this way some of the
troops were supplied with bicycles, motor
cycles and field mortars. The height of de
ception was reached when a German plane
I landed and disgorged a peasant cart and
horse with a soldier masquerading as the
farmer.
“The parachutists apparently were pick
ed for their recklessness and ruthlessness,
the report says. Their orders were to seize
and hold designated spots by any means
and at whatever cost. Numerous times, it
is reported, German troops snatched chil
dren and used them as shields. A body of
Nazis disguised with Dutch uniforms quiet
ly took Its place in a detachment of
Netherlands soldiers. When the opport
unity presented, the Germans opened fire
into the ranks.’’
The most repulsive aspect of this kind of
war is that its success depends in large meas
ure on the treachery of natives. The breed of
Benedict Arnold has advanced in rottenness
as well as numbers since the American revolu
tion.
ARMISTICE NOT FINAL PEACE
There are no ways of knowing in detail the
terms on which France is to be allowed to
surrender but It appears probable that during
the existence of the armistice she must lay
down her arms, surrender her navy, consent
to occupation by Nazi-Fascist armies and ac
cept pacification of the land under German rule
that her industries may be put to work for the
l
conquerors- A conference is announced at the
home of General Franco in Madrid for presen
tation of the terms to a French envoy, and
until then the world is to be kept in ignorance
of the provisions of surrender. It would seem
that there is little more Hitler could demand
than is set forth in these items. And as France
is in no position to dispute them there remains
only the formality of signing on the dotted line
to complete the negotiations.
Cruel as these terms seem, it should be re
membered that they are merely the first step
toward a dictated peace. They represent only
an armistice, not a final, peace. France must
accept them now and await the further hu
miliation of learning on what basis it may
exist after the war until the war is over and a
general peace conference held. For the present
whatever France has in manpower, industry,
agriculture and wealth, after the pounding she
lias endured since May 10, must be harnessed
up for Hitler’s use, to sustain the German
people at home and strengthen the Nazi forces
in their campaign against England—France’s
faithful if not always efficient ally.
In the fact that Kctler has chosen to post
pone his decision on France’s final position un
til the war is over, he clearly indicates his
faith in the power of his armies to conquer
England. If this were not so he would hard
ly jeopardize his chances of completely dom
inating France’s future, for a British victory
inevitably would set aside any terms he might
contemplate for France. This is to say that if
he loses to England he will also lose to France,
despite his present triumph
It is conceivable that Hitler, in failing now
to settle France's fate once and for all be is
committing his fatal blunder.
Editorial Comments
From Other Angles
WHY WE LACK TANKS
New York Times
In the days before Munich a certain school of
French junior officers strongly urged the creat
tion of numerous mechanized divisions and the
development of the tactics of mobile warfare.
Brig.-Gen. Charle de Gaulle, who was appointed
by former Premier Paul Reynaud as Under-Secre
tary of State for War, foresaw the tactics of
this war, suggested the creation of eleven mech
anized divisions, and was supported by Reynaud,
then a member of the Chamber of Deputies. But
they were voices crying in the wilderness.
On April 17, 1930. a report headed ‘‘Subject:
Mechanized Forces'’ was submitted to the War
Department of the United States. The first para
graph stated: "It is recommended that six Tank
Divisions be included in the Army of the Unit
ed States.” The organization of the proposed
divisions was outlined in detail. Three years be
fore Hitler came to power in Germany an Ameri
can Army officer suggested that the tank divis
ions which he proposed should be composed of
486 combat tanks, an organization very similar
to that ultimately achieved by the now famous
German Panzer divisions.
The American officer was Major-Gen. J. X.
Parsons, now in command of the Third Corps
Area at Baltimore, then a colonel in charge of
the field development of our experimental mech
anized forces. His report of 1930 was written in
collaboration with the ablest tank officers them in
the army. It was “considered” by our General
Staff, thought by the majority to be fantastic,
pigeonholed and buried. General Parsons and his
colleagues were also voices crying in the wilder
ness.
Today the United States Army has what
amounts to one-half of one tank division, con
sisting at present of about 112 light tanks or
combat cars .In addition, there are two regiments
not at full strength, of infantry tanks and eight
divisional tank companies. No one arm, no one
authority, has charge of the development of me
chanization in our Army. The infantry employs
tanks for its purposes; the cavalry uses tanks
which it cannot call by their proper name, but
must designate "combat cars.” in order to avoid
infringing on the field of the infantry in its
mechanized brigade. The tank has been, and is,
a stepchild of the service. It has, and will have,
its enthusiastic supporters, but they are not in
position of power. We possess, in the entire
Army, tanks that would about equal in number
(though not in fighting quality) the tanks in
one German armored division—approximately
600. The Germans are supposed to have started
the war with between 9,000 anil 12,000. Our Army
possesses only a rudimentary knowledge of tank
tactics—as the Germans use them—and of anti
tank defense. Our infantry uses tanks in one
way, the cavalry in an other; their activities are
uncoordinated, their ideas conflicting, the result
deplorable.
There is no need for comment, but an obvious
fr...
| QUOTATIONS |
We stand ever ready to defend our glorious
country against all enemies.—Italian-American
War Veterans’ organization.
* * *
The Americans must not be caught unprepared
in a blitz-peace.—James Monroe Bragg.
* * *
For us to abandon democratic processes at this
time would be a paradox.—Wendell Winkle, G.
O. P., presidential candidate,
* * *
Whatever setback there may be. there still is
hope for free men and women.—Mayor Fiorello
La Guardia of New York.
* * *
We should have known that world peace was
impossible without a strong world order with
its own police force.—George V. Denny, Jr.,
president of New York’s Town Hall.
* * •
What Hitler is now after, of course, is the
British fleet.—Lord Lothian, British ambassador
to the United States.
* • *
A nation’s military power depends upon its
industries and the training of its officers.—Prof.
Marston T. Bogert, Columbia University.
* * *
Mussolini is lucky in one respect. He won't
have to read what the historians will be writing
about him 100 years from now.
» * •
An African, we read, defeated a crocodile
which had seized him by biting it until it let go.
What a sw'ell testimonial for his dentist.
• * •
Glacial National park contains 80 glaciers. In
weather like this thov ought to be divided up with
the rest of the country.
* •» *
Noted dietician says that some day we will be
vegetarians. Shucks! We thought the hamburg
er sandwich was here to stay 2
♦ JOBS ior JUNE
GRADUATES
Sell Yourself If You
Expect To Sell
For Your Employer
BY MAX B. ROBINSON
Director of Co-operative Work,
Fenn College Y. M. C. A.,
Cleveland
Sell yourself—not your college
degree. The employer is only in
terested in what you can accom
plish for him. Your degree in it
self guarantees _
notmng.
Know what you
want — apply for
something defi
nite. And don’t
forget the smile.
These pointers
and many others
each year are of
fered to college
seniors about to
seek their places
in business or in
dustry. More of
this guidance and
coaching could
«*i11 Ka ucarl
Employers seek Robinson
college trained men to provide fu
ture leadership. Except for a few
jobs requiring highly specialized or
technical knowledge, their immedi
ate needs could be filled from non
college ranks.
In using graduates, therefore,
employers expect other qualities
besides mere knowledge of facts.
The ability to influence people, to
analyze, to find facts as needed,
and to make reasonable decisions
—these must accompany the col
lege degree, or it may be worth
less as an aid to employment and
promotion.
One should not ask so seriously,
‘‘What are the chances for ad
vancement?” and expect the
would-be employer to outline his
whole future. This man is always
“willing to begin at the bottom”
but in the same breath he wants
to know how long he will have to
stay there.
This may be a perfectly natural
question, but some of the smarter
seniors are leaving it unasked. To
the employer, the chances for ad
vancement seem good for the right
man. Most employers would not
hire college men unless they felt
they could advance.
On his first job, the graduate
should remain inconspicuous as a
college man in the eyes of other
workers at least until he is well
oriented and has the “feel” of the
organization.
One of the greatest aids to col
lege men is actual working expe
rience before graduation, say dur
ing summer vacations (if obtain
able then) or during a year out of
school.
Co-operative colleges which reg
ularly schedule quarter or half
years at work in between similar
intervals of college work, are on
the right track. They are bringing
education and the needs of busi
ness and industry into close rela
tionship, and are giving the student
an opportunity to build a perspec
tive which the student without ex
perience must lack.
The opportunity to try one’s self
at work under real discipline, to
observe different jobs at different
levels, to understand worker atti
tudes through close contacts at an
earlier age, may prove to be guid
ance aids out of all proportion to
the remuneration received. That is
why co-operative graduates have
experienced little trouble in finding
satisfactory opportunities after
graduation.
That many graduates find the
doors to employment and promo
tion wide open is more than a mat
ter of luck. It suggests that those
who have trouble may be definitely
at fault, and need a clearer under
standing of what is expected and
the procedure involved.
With this in mind, our college
and Y. M. C. A. personnel bureaus
are giving increasing effort to oc
cupational guidance and to the art
and strategy of job finding. X
School Bid Opening
Scheduled On Friday
The New Hanove county board of
education met at noon yesterday in
continuation of the session recessed
last Friday in order to give the WPA
an opportunity to complete figures
on federal participation in the high
school gymnasium and Wrlghtsboro
addition contracts.
The board then recessed again un
til Friday, June 21. H. M. Roland,
county school superintendent re
ported, so that contractors would
have ample time to adjust their bids
in accordance with amounts contri
buted by the WPA. Bids will be
opened at noon on Friday, Roland
said.
WPA Streets Project
Is Progressing Rapidly
Progress of the WPA project to
pave streets in Wilmington has
allowed the opening 0f princess
Straeet Fifth to 16th street
and will today allow the open
ing of the street all the wav from
Fifth to 17th street, J.E L Wwfc
city commissioner of publ* works
said yesterday.
Princess street from *
offttheSw°S if\°Petn„by'the -d
able he said W6ather is favOT‘
Wade expressed w ■<„
tion for the cooperation apprecla‘
lie has given iT L ° the pub‘
for us to block ,h^akl*g 11 CaSy 1
me th» « * these streets dur- •
them ” me neede<f to repave -
3 1
Europe
Man About
Manhattan
By George Tucker
NEW YORK, June 19.—People
are beginning to walk up to Skin
nay Ennis and inquire about his
health. The other night a man and
a girl, after getting his autograph,
asked him if it were really true
that he had only one lung. Skinnay
laughed. “Everywhere I go,” he
said, “people expect me to fall
over in a faint.”
The reason is this: for 80 weeks
now Bob Hope, who refers fondly
and humorously to Skinnay as “Old
One Lung,” has built his broad
casts around Skinnay’s alleged de
clining health. Most of his jokes,
to which Skinnay is a willing
stooge, are based on thinning cor
puscles and declining stability. A
sample gag has Sknnay calling the
“donors” ward of a hospital. Ask
ing frantically for the superinten
dent, he cries, “Remember that
blood I sent over this morning?
Send it right back, I’m going out
tonight.”
Another prime Bob Hope gag
goes like this: “Skinnay stepped
off a train near a golf course the
other day and after three deep
breaths of fresh air his left lung
turned to the right one and said.
This is the Stuff I've been telling
you about.’”
So now this tall, blonde orches
tra leader out of Salisbury, N. C..
is approached wherever he goes by
people who expect him to fall over
dead at the slightest exertion. Ac
tually, he is husky. His real name
is Edgar, “which is one reason why
Skinnay is a better name for
me,” he suggests. "It used to be
Skinnev hut one dav it came out
on a phc lograph record misspelled
Skinnay, and it looked so good we
decided to adopt it.”
» * »
Public dancing on the green al
ways has been a favorite diversion
of Manhattan’s millions, and this
season is no exception. Almost five
thousand young and old couples
respond to the invitation to dance
gratis on the green lawns of Cen
tral Park every night. The music
is a WPA orchestra, which has
given rise to the couplet, “Swing
and sway with WPA.” The jitter
bugs are supposed to be at least
17 years of age, but hundreds of
kids no older than 14 have been
sharing the festivities with their
older brethern. The 17-year-old lim
it is to keep minors at home after
dark, where, says the city, they
belong.
* * *
Another outdoor diversion which
Walter Huston and Raymond Mas
sey, in particular, and the public
in general, have taken up this sum
mer is bowling. The outdoor al
leys at the Fair are a surprise hit.
They are similar to the indoor al
leys, except that they are com
posed of material which does not
curl or warp in the sun or the
rain. Massey, a star bowler, has
private alleys in his home. Huston
isn’t a star bowler—he’s just en
:husiastic.
The owner of these alleys is a
man who has become quite fa
mous throughout the Long Island
>nd the Westchester sectors as the
grains behind “Swanky Frank.”
‘Swanky Frank” is the name ap
>lied to scores of wayside hotdog
itands where frankfurters are pur
veyed with buns and mustard for
he traditional dim* 1
Hollywood Sights And Sounds I
. . -By Robbitt Coons——--H
nuLJLinuuu, June i j .—
“Four Sons.” Screenplay by
John Howard Lawson from I.
A. R. Wylie story. Directed by
Archie Mayo. Principals: Don
Ameche, Eugenie Leontovich,
Mary Beth Hughes, Alan Cur
tis, George Ernest, Robert
Lowery, Lionel Royce, Sig
R u m a n n, Ludwig Stossel,
Christian Rub.
The new “Four Sons” uses only
the title of the old silent film suc
cess. Today’s picture is an illumi
nation of tragic pages from recent
history—the Munich pact, the ces
sion of the Sudetenland, the con
quest of Czechoslovakia, the in
vasion of Poland—as that history
affected one family.
The Bernles are Czechs of Ger
man blood. Their father died in
the first World War. They live in
the Sudetenland, just across the
border from bayonet-bristling Ger
many. Frau Bernle has four sons.
Chris (Ameche) is a loyal Czech;
Karl (Curtis) has joined the Nazis,
first secretly then openly; Joseph :
(Lowery), an artist, goes to Amer
ica for a career; Fritz (Ernest) is .
the youngest.
Sweetheart of Chris is Anna
(Hughes). First break in the fam
ily comes when Anna and Karl
discover love. This is patched when i
big-hearted Chris forgives, and
marriage ensues. But the political 1
auarrel between the brothers, like 1
the history that fosters it. marches :
on inexorable. Frau Bernle (Leon- I
tovich) is all mother, her great 1
concern her children.
History (or you may prefer to
call it Hitler) takes three of them
from her, leaves her finally with a
new Iron Cross and a ticket to
America, where with Joseph she
may hope to find peace again. J
The power of “Four Sons ’ :
springs from its integrity as re- 1
lentless drama, from the skill with 1
which writer and director have ;
pointed their climaxes, employing ■
word and expression and an ex- ;
ceptionally forceful camera to art- <
ful effect. There is no maudlin i
iiidumig iui ituuin.u r...- •
.ovich makes a >r\ ■.d,
ilaces her amm:g ;!w .ew. ijw
•arely does her luru c,,win;.;
oetray itself e. t. ones of ;r.t,r.r
:alism. Mary Bcti. ii. ;;<••• n,co
i bid for recognition as H:>
lappy Anna.
>:< * *
“Susan and God.” Screen
. play by Anita Lnos from Ra
chel Crothers play, BirrcM by
George Cukor. Principals;
Joan C'rawlord, Fredrii Manli,
Ruth Hussey, John Carroll. Ri
ta Hayworth, Nigel Bruce,
Bruce Cabot, Rose Hobart,
Constance Collin. Rita ha.;
ley, Marjorie Alain.
More power w Ci ■ ' id
taring (for hoi 1 exenr- '■
strange field of comedy. As sa.
terbrained Susan, Vl r ■*: i
lew religion her hobby anti ®
licts it upon 'tier lr ends !!"
fleets to apply it to herseif i,
ilmost too late. Joan is slJe‘
ngly successful. Si.c .< -
n the serious ctmdional -’ee-.
“Susan and God is ^ talk?, *
'OU would expect, and i! s ■ • •
ior comfort, but it is bolsterea
m interesting ihen-.e
ent acting— pert e e i'h
is the estranged husband »i.
lally tames Susan; by Hrt
he likeable “other woman
Duigley as the neglected clue.gy;
,y Crawford Mi •' ■ '
mpplies more than het Q''
aughs. which abound
tnreeling.
“Brother Orchid "
G. Robinson, Ann ^
Humphrey Bogan.
('risp, Ralph Bellamy. fi.
A racket chieftain wall '•
or “class" leaves the '
pending spree nbn •■'■■ ... ..
iroke, tries to mke rP
eft off. but is taken for a ^
lead. The picture rises Jo ^
ge gang comedy •sUi1' ■ 1T10?
•earner" takes refuge
stery and -. incrf
egeneration Speddf •' __— -
MOORE IS HEARD
A1 WANIS CLUB
Employment Bureau Mana
ger Tells Of Service For
Migrant Workers
Maurice Moore, of the Wilming
ton office of the North Carolina
Employment service, told the Ki
wanis club yesterday that his staft
ia ' contacted more than S >0 migrant
workers across the river between
Friday and Tuesday and directed
many to areas where work could
be had.
“We are inclined to look upon
the migrant labor problem as one
affecting the West, chiefly, because
we have read ‘Grapes of Wrath .
he said, “but it is not confined to
that region. We have it heie an
it presents one of the great-s
problems we must deal with. These
Itinerants are moving about this
section doing odd jobs in the berry
snd potato areas. Many have head
'd north from Florida with little or
uo money and except for lllG
bureau’s efforts would soon be
come public charges.” Mr. Moot e
(poke briefly on the employment,
xoordination and compensation di
visions of the bureau’s work.
Harry Doshex-, son of Wilbur
Doslier. Wilmington . ■
•ang "The Trumpetei. ■
Agnes Chasten at tin p
Ben Kingoff. a torn* ■
was welcomed back g.B
ship. E. Stafford of ^ ■
more, visiting kiwunian, ■
Chief Of Police Poif I
To Parking Ordinal W
Josepli C. Rourl;. V ' ;
said yesterday the P".|‘-e • ^ B
is receiving many > ■
garding people wh !' “^ts ~B
parked on hard-surU' K
ter 1 a. m. B
A city ordinance i §|
automobiles be remo I
surfaced streets pi B
he pointed out. B
asks i Nii\ . -I
BOMBAY. India J {
Lord Linlithgow, vicei nii»B
appealed to all c< 'I
to sink their pohtkM iisi^B
temporarily and help 1 safety. ■
war effort to secui< '■
India. He spoke ' f
broadcast. I
SIGN> 1:11 1 ,.p 'I
WASHINGTON. 111:11 i* 'I
I'resident Roosev ell j'
bill appropriating the
the interior departmr". ■
fiscal year beginning J | ■

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