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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, June 22, 1940, Image 1

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Dedicated To The Progress 01 Served by Leased Wire of lhe
And Southeastern North 1.11 ll 111 ^^y I AJ I With Complete Coverage of
Carolina V*l* ▼ State and National News
•nrT73^NQ- 254____ WILMINGTON, N. C„ SATURDAY, JUNE 22, 1940 _+ +_ ESTABLISHED 1867
__.___★___>f.-^| * *
Surney Urges
fets Here To
dive Services
Judge Addresses Gathering
Of 800 Ex-Service Men
At Courthouse
registration taken
Duty Of Former Soldier To
Help Maintain Law And
Order Is Stressed
jure Uian 800 members of New
Hoover county’s army of 1918
sowded into the courthouse last
jE]lt to hear John J. Burney, su
•erior court judge and ex-service
san. say: "It is the ex-service man’s
er to his government to help main
tain law and order and to instill
Americanism into the hearts of those
around him."
Hie JUU&C, lamuife
H-service men called by the Ameri
an Legion, said, ‘‘the United States
toe had sleeping sickness for 21
years, but now you’re going to see
tin have running fits!”
Favors Training
He declared himself in favor of
compulsory military training, claim
ing such training would be beneficial
i mind and body to the youth of
The purpose of the meeting, a* ex
famed at the beginning by Postmas
ter Wilbur Dosher, was to offer the
svices of the nation’s war veterans
s the government for whatever pur
fee necessary and “without offer
ee advice as to how to run the
Dosher asked that the members of
k AEF and those who fought in
aher wars for the United States
sgn their names on a registry in or
ier that a record may be kept of the
sservice men in New Hanover
The crowd, overflowing the entire
:tiirtroom and the negro gallery,
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 3)
iO-Second Interruption In
Service And Simple Cere
mony To Mark Turnover
The telephone operator and her
number please’' will make their
1st stand in Wilmington today. At
nidnight tonight the city’s tele
•hones will be switched from the
went manual system to the
lewly installed dial exchange.
The change will be marked only
T a 60-second interruption in
frvice and a simple ceremony in
ftuch city officials will inaugurate
new system by making the
local and long distance calls.
Mayor Thomas E. Cooper will
"an the affair by throwing a
"fitch which will in turn signal
lfar!y 50 men stationed at various
mints in the city and county to
lake mechanical adjustments nec
tary to complete the change
' E. L. Wade, city commissioner
*i Public works, will then call Chi"
‘i?fJ or some other city and an
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 7)
- "i
ltdiv <'aro|ina: Generally fair Sat
in-? a,lli Sunday. rising temperature
S^and in extreme west portion
lit11®’11'*''11 data for the 24 hours
g 7:30 p. ni. yesterday).
I.,,. Temperature
, r'a._m. 72; 7;30 a. m. 68; 1:30 p.
tini',;.; 1:30 P- m. 73; maximum 78;
™"um 67; mean 72; normal 78.
].» Humidity
Ms A™- 66; 7:30 a. m. 71; 1:30 p.
’ 7:30 p. m. 58.
Total i- Precipitation
1.01 j. „!or 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m.,
doittii *otal since first of the
“> 2-<> inches.
Tides For Today
H'ilmi,,.,. High Low
"gton -11.28a 6:27?
l,88°nhorn Tn, » 11:551> 6 ;3(IP
r° Inlet- 0:23a 3:22a
Bunrisp -... 9:50p 3:25p
'*«<: 9 -28W - '01a; sunset 7;27p; moon
•^P. moonset 7:41a. _
Dr. LaGuardia
Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuanlia of
New York is pictured marching to
the platform to receive an honor
ary degree of LL.D. at the annual
Yale commencement exercises. Lord
Lothian, British ambassador to the
U. S., also received a degree.
Accepts Appointment By
President Roosevelt To
Be Secretary Of Navy
CHICAGO, June 21—(#)—“T h e
navy knows no party,” Col* Frank
Knox, the 1936 republican vice
presidential candidate, declared to
day in a statement on his accept
ance of an appointment by Presi
the navy.
Col. Knox, whose action was de
nounced by republican party lead
ers meeting in Philadelphia prep
dent Roosevelt to be secretary of
aratory to the G. O. P. national
convention next week, asserted
“National defense is not a par
tisan question. It should have the
united support of the people re
gardless of party. Congress in the
past few weeks has acted with sub
stantial unanimity on every na
tional defense proposal.”
Col. Knox, who resigned today
as one of the eight Illinois dele
gates-at-large to the Republican
convention, said:
“The administration of the navy
department is in no sense political.
The navy knows no party. At a
time of tremendous naval expan
sion it is vital that its management
shall be wholly non-political. The
president has asked me to serve
as secretary of the navy on that
basis and on that basis I have ac
“We are in danger now because
we are inadequately prepared. The
president has said I can help him.
Nye Demands
F.D.R. Resign;
Urges Probe
Wants Woodring Question
ed About Call To Give
Allies Bomber Sight
Senator Suggests That U. S.
Turn Part Of Its Navy
Over To Britain
WASHINGTON, June 21.—(#1—A
demand that President Roosevelt
resign lest his foreign policies
bring “disaster” upon the country
was made in the senate today by
Senator Nye (R-ND), while at
Hyde Park the chief executive ac
cused his critics of partisanship.
Nye, an advocate of aloofness
from European affairs, also urged
that Harry Woodring, resigned sec
retary of war, be called before the
senate military committee for
questioning. He said he would be
“very much surprised” if the com
mittee did not learn that Woodring
had been asked to transfer "na
tional defense secret number 1”
—a bomber sight—to the Allies,
and that he had been ousted be
cause he refused.
Barkley Answers
This brought from Senator Bar
kley (D-KY) the reply that Major
General Henry H. Arnold had as
sured him that “at no time or un
der any conditions has any con
sideration been given to revela
tion of any secret bomb sight.”
At Hyde Park the President took
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 6)
“Miss New Hanover” To Be
Selected In Contest At
Lumina Tonight
The list of nominations for the
beauty contest to be held tonight
at Lumina as the opening event
of the Wrightsville Beach Water
Carnival was announced last night
by Bernard Solomon, executive di
The contest will be held to select
“Miss New anover” from the list
of nominees. The winner will com
pete in the final contest during
July for the title of “Queen Mer
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 2)
Move To Establish Food
Stamp System Is Slated
-.- M ' i —
City, Sounty Selected To
Participate In Commodi
ty Distribution Plan
* Personnel for the administration
of the food stamp surplus commod
ity distribution plan in Wilmington
and New Hanover county will
probably be apointed at a joint
meeting of the city and county
commissioners Monday afternoon,
Addison H. Hewlett, chairman, said
yeitwlsyannounced in Washington
yesterday at noon Wilmington and
New Hanover county have been
desieated as a participating point
fn the plan. It was already virtual
ly assured, however, that the plan
would be instituted here.
Henry A. Wallace, secretary of
agriculture, made the decision and
^The^elTcUon'of' Wilmington and
the county came after conferences
between Gideon L. Uateman, rep
resentative of the FSC office in
Ef®,," Tex and A. E. Langston,
°ate doctor of the FSC, and
the city and county board. The lat
ter bodies agreed to cooperate and
to set up a revolving fund to fi
nance the plan’s start here.
Others participatmg in the prep
arations for the system were the
Continued on Page Three; Col. 8)
Condition Of Taylor
Is Greatly Improved
ROME, June 21—Mfr—Myron C.
Taylor, President Roosevelt’s rep
resentative to the Holy See, who
has been seriously ill in Florence,
was reported greatly improved to
Physicians attending Taylor said
he now was virtually free of fever.
Colorful Former U. S. Ma
rine Corps Leader Suc
cumbs At Age Of 58
Major General Smedley D. Butler,
58, who retired from the U. S.
marine corps after fighting half
way round the world, and spent
much of his later years urging
that the nation keep its fighting
men home, died today in Naval
“Old Gimlet Eye”—the name he
got in the Mexican campaign be
cause he learned so much of the
enemy—succumbed at 4 p.m. (E.
S. T.) to a gall bladder and liver
ailment that had put him to bed a
month ago.
Since he retired in 1931, with 30
years service in the marines, But
ler took to the lecture platform
with the same sharp tongue that
had often catapulated him into the
public eye during his military and
public service. He was the pro
ponent of armed force only for
home defense—he who had been a
fighting man from the Orient to
He is one of the few men who
twice was awarded the Congres
sional medal of honor—in 1914 for
heroism in Vera Cruz and a year
later for storming—with 23 men
—Fort Reviere in Haiti.
In 1918 he got the Distinguished
Service medal for his work com
manding the great American de
barkation port at Brest, France.
Three years later—when he was
40—he became a brigadier general,
the youngest general officer in the
Condition Of Maxwell
Takes Critical Tarn
RALEIGH, June 21.— UP) — The
family of Revenue Commissioner A.
J. Maxwell gathered at his bedside
tonight in a hospital here, after his
condition became critical during the
Maxwell’s physician said the reve
nue commissioner had developed a
lung congestion which might be a
form of pneumonia. Maxwell, who
ran third in the democratic guber
natorial primary of May 25, has been
ill with paralysis for a month.
His temperature rose to 103 this
morning, the physician said, but
dropped to 101 tonight. Despite the
temperature drop, he was described
as “very, very ill.”
_± . ~ '* —- w -
Hitler Asks End Of Resist
ance, Acceptance Of New
European Order
June 21.—(A*)—A yes or no answer
—unconditionally and now—was de
manded of France tonight to the
terms of a conqueror’s peace dic
tated by Adolf Hitler in his hour
of triumph.
The four emissaries who held the
fate of the French in that answer
remained in steady telephone com
munication with their government
They conferred for a second time,
too, tonight with the representa
tives of the German fuehrer.
Hitler Takes Car
Whatever their reply, Hitler has
ordered brought to Berlin the long
enshrined railway car where Ger
many signed an armistice in sor
row in 1918 and offered one in
victory today.
Along with the historic car, Hit
ler will take away the memorial
tablet that marked the spot, and
the monument the French set up
with the graven legend:
“Here, on Nov. 11, 1918, was
frustrated the criminal arrogance
of the German Imperial Reich, de
feated by the free peoples which
it sought to enslave.”
Slabs marking where the train
stood were ordered destroyed.
Hitler personally decreed that the
monument to Marshal Foch is to
be preserved undamaged, unmoved.
Broad Demands
Broadly, he demanded an end to
all resistance; that the French
give him “all guarantees neces
(Continued on Page Three; Col- 4)
Will Meet Later Today To
Examine Hitler’s Price
For An Armistice
BORDEAUX, France, June 21—W
—A 30-page message, embracing the
armistice terms of Adolf Hitler, was
transmitted to the French govern
ment late today from its emissaries
in Compiegne forest, by telephone
and telegraph.
Late tonight it was reported that
decoders still were working on the
message and the French cabinet had
not yet met.
There was no announcement as
its reception or rejection at 11:15
p. m. (5:15 p. m„ E. S. T.)
LONDON, June 22.—(Saturday)—
I/P)—Reuters, British news agency,
quoted a Bordeaux dispatch from ihe
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
Air Raid Alarm Staged
In Berlin, Guns Heard
I Thp alarmc liftpil at
BERLIN, June 22.—(Satur
day)—</P)—Berlin had its sec
ond air raid alarms of the war
Sirens shrilled for a few min
utes at 1:40 a. m. (6:40 p. m.
EST) and were followed im
mediately by sounds evidently
from anti-aircraft guns on the
outskirts of the city.
2:16 a. m., after remaining in
force 36 minutes.
Twenty minutes after the sig
nal first sounded the gunfire
had ceased. Residents in the
center of the city had heard
no bomb explosions.
Authorized sources said it
was a “genuine alarm and not
merely a sampler.’’ They added
that “all precautions were tak
en” but said they were without
further information.
Japanese Plan Stronger
May Take Negative Atti
tude Toward U* S. Efforts
For Reapproachment
TOKYO, June 22.—(Saturday)—
ta>)—Circles close to the govern
ment indicated today Japan's poli
cies now are crystallized around a
program calling for closer relations
with Germany and Italy, possibly
direct action in British-French pos
sessions in the southern Orient
and a negative attitude toward any
American efforts toward rapproche
These quarters said Japan’s for
eign policy had shifted to this
three-point program to meet the
rapid turn of events in Europe.
Regarding the British and French
holdings in the southern Orient,
they said .Japan at least would
take a “stronger hand,’’ if not di
rect action.
Chief Possessions
Hongkong, British crown colony,
and French Indo-China are the
chief possessions of the Allies in
the southern Orient.
Japan and the United States
have been without formal trade
relations since last January 2G
when Washington denounced their
29-year-old commercial treaty. The
action placed commercial relations
between the two countries on a
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 1)
France’s Refusal Of
Union Plan Explained
BORDEAUX, June 31.—(/P)—
France turned down a British
offer to fuse the two nations
into a single empire with a
common parliament and com
mon government because of a
lack of time to put the plan
into operation, it was announc
ed here tonight.
The present situation is so
pressing, it was pointed out,
that there was no time for
elaboration of such a plan, no
time for preparations and no
time for development of a joint
defense program.
Suner Is Taking Over For
eign Ministry Portfolio
From Beigbeder
LISBON, June 21. — UP) — The
Spanish government is being reor
ganized, it was reported here to
night, with the cabinet in session
since early afternoon.
(The bare fact that the cabinet
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 1)
Pro-Allies Group Merges
With Preparedness Body
Spain Closes Frontier
To French Refugees
NEW YORK, June 21 —UB- The
Herman radio reported tonight, in
a broadcast picked up here by
NBC that the Spanish government
iad closed the frontier at San
Sebastian because of the great
lumber of French refugees arriv
ng there. _2
Step Taken By Executive
Committee To Keep Pace
With Changing Events
At a meeting of the executive
:ommittee of the Committee to De
'end America Through Aid to the
Ulies yesterday at noon, it was
iecided that the organization, to
teep pace with changing —events,
should consolidate with the local
Committee for American Prepared
Wires were sent to President
Hoosevelt —and to William Allen
White, chairman of the national
:ommittee, advocating the change.
Message to Roosevelt
The wire to Roosevelt was as
“The Committee to Defend
America by Aiding the Allies at a
special meeting held this date
inanimously approves the action
>f the president and the war and
lavy departments in releasing to
3ritain twenty torpedo boats and
submarine chasers and other war
:quipment and the committee ap
sroves and urges the further sale
:o Britain of such destroyers im
plements of war munitions and oth
:r aid as will not jeopardize nec
:ssary preparedness for the United
States ’*
BUCHAREST, Rumania, June
21._(/P)—King Carol cast his lot
swiftly and squarely with Ger
many tonight. t
He began formation of a
new totalitarian party on the
Nazi pattern and, it was re
liably reported, drafted decrees
to turn his country into a state
of the Nazi-Fascist type.
Tomorrow night he will make
the first political broadcast of
his life to tell his people about
his new “party of the nation.
This will supersede the pres
ent party of national rebirth.
Its bases will be “nationalistic,
Christian, and racial.”
Thg Nazi iron guard will
play a big part in the new
set-up. The strong peasant
party, too, will be in it.
The iron guard organization
long wTas banned and a vigor
ous attempt was made to wipe
it out, but recently, “penitent”
members have been pardoned.
(The king consistently and
publicly had stated that he
headed the movement against
the iron guard . . . but that
was before England and
France, which gave Rumania
a guarantee of aid against Ger
man invasion, arrived at their
present precarious position.)
Observers described the king’s
move as a desperate effort to
make friends with the Reich
and thus prevent possible parti
tion of his country..
They pointed out that Hun
gary and Bulgaria, also mov
ing toward good terms with
Germany, have voiced claims
for boundary revision.
The king’s decision followed
several audiences in the past
24 hours with the German min
Some foreign observers said
one result might be the seiz
ing of British and French oil
possessions in Rumania, but
the oil holdings of the United
States were epected to be let
Anti-semitism, an iron guard
tenet, is expected to receive of
ficial sanction.
“Those officials responsible
for killing iron guardists in re
cent years” will be punished, an
announcement said.
They have been killed en
masse. After Premier Armand
Caliuescu was assassinated last
fall, a total of 320 were put to
Now there will be monuments
for their graves; until today,
even markers were forbidden.
There also will be elaborate,
belated funeral services for the
executed men.
Now, it is reported reliably,
all industries, trades and pro
fessions will be nationalized by
(This will facilitate the Ger
man plan to harness Rumania’s
resources for its own economic
Civilian Population Crouch
es In Shelters During
Extensive Attack
LONDON, June 21—(Saturday)—
(/P!—Wave upon wage of German
bombers blasted at southern and
eastern England with heavy demo
lition and incendiary bombs early
today in the most violent attack
so far of the battle of England.
Roaring across the coast for the
third big attack of the week, the
Nazis rent the early morning air
with thunderous explosins and
started numerus fires which cast
a crimson glow over the country
British Reply
(The British apparently replied
in kind with a raid on Berlin,
where an alarm was in effect for
36 minutes and anti-aircraft guns
around the capital fired at invad
ing craft. No bomb explosions were
heard in Berlin.)
The bark of anti-aircraft guns,
the chatter of machine guns and
the challenging whine of British
fighter planes made an ear-split
ting overtone to the sound of the
raiding planes and the intermit
tent thud f the exploding bombs.
Air raid alarms shrilled with the
approach of the first attackers and
the civilian population crouched in
shelters while the battle raged on.
One salvo of high explosive
bombs struck a lumber yard in an
undisclosed eastern area, shatter
ing windows in the immediate vi
cinity and shaking buildings as far
as three miles away.
Reports from the attacked areas
said that as soon as the ominous
drone of the Nazi craft became
audible, their motors were drown
ed outtby speedy British fighters
darting into the skies to the attack.
Attack in Relays
The Germans attacked one north
eastern locality in relays for more
than two hurs, drpping bmbs.
In one area the bombs fell so
wide of any mark that they were
believed to have been jettisoned
by an nemy plane seeking to out
run th hot British pursuit.
Some bombs in an eastern lo
cality fell into fields.
Explosions occurred intermittent
ly for more than an hour in one
northeastern inland area. Search
lights probed the sky for a high
flying raider which later headed
out to sea.
Flashes were seen out at sea
from one northeast coast district.
Searchlights picked up two Brit
ish planes, flying low, apparently
having chased the raiders seaward.
Planes ead Indland
Little British spitfires climbed in
to the pre-dawn dark t meet the
invaders in the air. The repeated
drone of motors indicated wave
after wave of Nazi squadrons, fly
ing high and fast, crossed the east
nvn nvt/1 All
The shock of explosions was felt
in some parts of a widespread
area even before the first shriek
of the air raid sirens.
(Censorship did not permit dis
clsure of the specific area raided
except that it was eastern and
southern England).
Flares were dropped at intervals
for more than an hour in one south
eastern section as the ipvading
planes groped toward their tar
Searchlight beams cut patterns
into the darkness wherever t h •
drone of motors was heard,
came repeatedly.
RAF Active
In ne area in the east of Eng
land where heavy detonations were
heard residents who ventured out
for the chance of a glimpse of an
air battle reported that fighter ,
planes of the RAF were “very ac
The German planes apparently
fanned out before reaching the
English coast and spread over an
extensive area

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