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WILMINGTON I ■ | |ji ASSOCIATED PBESS And Southeastern North || ||| |T| I | I | With Complete Coverage of Carolina ▼ VI*’' State and National News VOL- 73-^0^255----WILMINGTON, N. C., MONDAY, JUNE 24, 1940 * * ESTABLISHED 1867^ FRANCE MUST SUBMIT TO MILITARY OCCUPATION OF HALF OF TERRITORY, GIVE UP FLEET, ARMS Wilkie Drive Gains On Eve Of GOP Meet His Growing Strength Puts All Other Presiential Candidates On Alert three-men row seen Vandenberg Speaks To Michigan Group As Dele gates Await Opening jtY RICHARD L. TURNER PHILADELPHIA, June 24 —(fl)— The apparently growing strength of Wendell Willkie put all other republican presidential candidates on the alert tonight, while an excit ed throng of delegates awaited the convening of the 1940 convention tomorrow. Impartial samplers of convention eve opinion in the city’s jam packed hotel lobbies came quick ij to what they considered an in escapable conclusion, that as of the moment the battle lay between Elide. Senator Robert A. Taft of Ohio and Thomas E. Dewey. A lively watch was maintained lor env indications of a forming LS-Dewey combination, intended ts check the Willkie boom, while ii authoritative sources, it was toed that the Dewey managers me working out a new strategy hr the coming battle. r>:_i n.11.4 It was simply to concentrate everything on the first ballot. This involved making all possible deals Wore the balloting begins, so that l? combining support to be ob teined in this way with the dele tes pledged to Dewey as the result of his state primary vic lories an unexpected and impres sive showing of strength might be made, and a possible rolling snow fall started. Behind such a move lay the obvious factor that the pledged delegates might slip away b later ballots. The Illinois delegation, several (fits 58 members said, probably wild "split wide open” after cast ing a first ballot for Dewey, who *on Illinois’ preference primary. The primary was advisory, not binding. Taft headquarters found consid erable satisfaction in the fact that the 26 uninstructed delegates from Texas agreed unanimously to throw their support on the first ballot to Taft. On . the other hand, Governor Baymond E. Baldwin, considered Connecticut’s favorite son, announ ted that he would second the nom ination of Willkie — a move be haved to assure Willkie the state’s 15 votes. It was disclosed that Baldwin probably would not b e Placed in nomination, as had been expected. Claims Support Willkie, himself, rumpled and busy, was spotted shouldering his *ay through the throng at the benjamin Franklin hotel, and in 1 few brief sentences emphatically delivered his opinion of the situa tion. His drive was ‘‘coming along Magnificently,” he said. Then he added that he would have support from all states except three— Mississippi, Louisiana and South Carolina — and, to cap it, h e T'ould be nominated “damn quick. However, at a press conference, Senator Taft said he had talked *'th delegates from “half the !1ates,” and found “the prospect % encouraging.” He had been (Continued on Page Ten) I-, [WEATHER | v FORECAST ■'onii Carolina: Partly cloudy, scat •L . thundershowers Tuesday and in ulterior Monday, .'M-woiogieal data for the 24 hours nS 7:30 p. m. yesterday). 1 Temperature „ a._m. 72; 7:30 a. m. 74; 1:30 p. mi.fi,: <:30 p. in. 78; maximum 83; Hum 09; mean 76; normal 78. Humidity ® ». m. 64; 7:30 a. m. 75; 1:30 p. ' 1 "-30 p. m. 77. Tv,.., -- Precipitation •one-*. hours ending 7:30 p. m., 1 *7 in i 1 since first of the month. 1 inches. Tides For Today iVilmin„, High Low "Ungton-12:38a 7:57a ka<>ini,A l;01p 8:16p nhoro Inlet_10:54a 4:48a Sunric » 11:15p 4 :o6p tise in.jA 0:01a.; sunset 7:27p; moon moon set 9:35a. | Continued on Page Ten) -----i British Youngsters Say “Thumbs Up” jf . i I if* ■" s mmmmsx-n Smiling London schoolboys gave the Tommy’s famous “thumbs up” when they were recently evacuated from Britain’s bomb-threatened capital for second time since war’s start. American aid was recently pledged in caring for children, if plans go through to ship thousands of British youngsters to safety of western hemisphere. CONGRESS BEGINS WEEK’S VACATION All Immediate ‘Must Legis lation’ Is Cleared By Senate And House WASHINGTON, June 23—— Congress, having cleaned up all immediate “must legislation,” be gan a week’s recess today amid expectations that vital new meas ures soon would go on its calendar. With spending already at a peace-time record of $14,539,970 627—more than a third of it for armament—at least two other ma jor defense steps appear in pros pect. These are a universal training program which President Roose velt disclosed is under considera tion, and a billion-dollar program of building government munitions plants. The latter proposal is understood to have been strongly recommend ed by the national defense com mission. Much unfinished business al ready awaits the legislators when they re-convene July 1 at the con clusion of the republican nationai convention. Senate committees will begin hearings then on President Roose velt’s nominations of Henry L. Stimson to be Secretary of War and Colonel Frank Knox to b e Secretary of the Navy. Unless the two republicans can satisfy some doubting members that they are opposed to military intervention in the European war, a bitter fight may ensue over confirmation of the nominations. Taxation is not a dead issue for the session, although both houses gave final approval Saturday to a billion-dollar defense-tax bill. In final form, this measure did not include a schedule of excess pro fits levies voted by the senate, a provision which was stricken out after house and senate conferees had agreed that taxation of this nature should be enacted later. The treasury was asked to draft a bill by October 1. Chairman Harrison (D-Miss) of the senate finaAce committee pre dicted that another large revenue bill, containing a war profits levy, would be brought before congress within 30 days. The senate has yet to pass upon the administration’s $4,000,000,000 naval expansion program, pushed through the house Saturday with out a roll call and with a minimum of debate. This legislation would authorize the mightiest fleet i n the history of the world, to be constructed over a 7-year period. 3 . / Swastika Flown Above Charlotte Building CHARLOTTE, June 23.—(AP) A huge swastika or Nazi flag was noticed flying from a pole atop the Liberty Life building, Charlotte’s tallest skyscraper, early today. An employe of the building promptly removed the flag and turned it over to the Federal Bu reau of Investigation Building employes said anyone during certain hours of the night could have reached the roof from within or up a fire escape. DIAL PHONE SETUP IS WORKING FINE Manager Thomas Says Company Has Not Re ceive A Complaint J. R. Thomas, manager of the Southern Bell Telephone company here, said last night that the new dial telephone system, which was put into operation in Wilmington Saturday night, was working fine. “We haven’t received a single complaint,” he said, “but we have been called and congratulated on the new system.” Mr. Thomas said that apparent ly the people of the city and coun ty had studied the dial system ade quately before it was placed into use and that subscribers were not encountering any difficulty in their service. The switch-over from the old system to the dial was made with out a single hitch Saturday mid night. “Everything went off fine and I’m sure Wilmington is going to be well pleased with the new tele phone service,” Mr. Toomas said. ---* France Given Italy’s Terms For Armistice — Plenipotentiaries Of Two Nations Begin Parleys In Villa Near Rome CIANO HEADS ITALIANS Fighting Will Not St»p Un till After Nazis Notified Agreement Reached END EXPECTED SOON NEW YORK, June 23—(®—Arm istice negotiations between Italy and France are expected to be termi nated “some time Monday,” a Berlin broadcast, heard by NBC, said to night. ROME, June 23.—OT—Raly hand ed her, armistice terms to France to night at a closely-guarded meeting in a villa near Rome and the pleni potentiaries of the two warring na tions immediately began their sol emn parleys on a truce to end France’s fight against the Rome Berlin axis. A brief official announcement said the Italian peace delegates had given their armistice conditions to the four French representatives at 7:30 p. m. (12:30 p. m'. E.S.T.) in a country place 12 miles from the Italian capital. Lacks Color The meeting of the two groups, a short while after the French arrived in German planes from Munich, lacked the show surrounding the French-German conferences at Com piegne forest, France, which ended in the signing of the French-Ger man aiynistice yesterday. Fighting will not cease in France, however, until six hours after Ger many has been notified that Italy and France have reached an agree ment. (In Bordeaux, temporary French capital, reliable sources said the Italian reply might be received dur ing the night and the cease fire order given around dawn Monday.) Some political circles sjid that the Italians failed to inject the drama and symbolism of the Compiegne meeting into the Rome deliberations because the Italians had not been forced to sign an armistice with the French in 1918 as did the Germans. Italy was France’s ally in 1918. II Duce Not Present Premier Mussolini was not at the meeting. His foreign minister and son-in-law, Count Ciano, headed the Italian group. - . . . -r-l _1. -J._ XI_ gates will be lodged in three differ ent villas in the Rome area. Besides Count Ciano, other Italian plenipotentaries were: Marshal Pietro Badoglio, chief of the general staff of the armed forces. Admiral Domenico Cavagnari, chief of-'the staff of the navy. General Francisco Pricolo, chief of the air force. General Mario Roatta, assistant chief of staff of the army. The same French delegates who signed the armistice with Germany flew to Rome in white-crossed Ger man airliners. (From Monte Carlo, Monaco, came reports that Italian big guns had opened up on French fortifications from the Alps to the sea Saturday (Continued on Page Ten) ARMISTICE TERMS REVEALED; BRITISH SAY THEY WILL NOT RECOGNIZE B ORDEA UX REGIME FRENCH HOLD LINES* Marshal Petain Replies To Great Britains’ Criticism Of Peace Terms ITALIANS REPULSED BORDEAUX, June 23 —W— Crushed by a German armistice and still awaiting Italy’s hard terms, France fought tonight to hold her useless lines of defense and through her aged premier, Marshal Petain, hotly replied to British criticisms of the peace. The marshal said the French had received in a “saddened stu por”B ritish PrimeMi nister Chur chill’s statements expressing “grief and amazement” at France’s acceptance of German terms. Replies to Churchill Churchill “is the best judge of the interests of his own country”, but “not the best judge of ours,” said Petain. Churchill, the marshal added, “must learn that France “has hus banded neither its blood, nor its efforts. She knows she merits the respect of the world and it is through herself first of all that France expects to be reborn.” (While Marshal Petain was pro testing what he termed the lessons by a foreign statesman, the Brit ish .t-raa broidodcast a statement that the British government "no longer regard the Bordeaux gov ernment as the government of an independent country.”) In declaring that Churchill is not the best judge of French interests, Petain added: “Even less can he judge French honor.” The marshal put this query: “Does Mr. Churchill believe that the French refuse to all of France the love and faith which they have given to the sma’lest parcel of their farmland?” He continued: “They are looking their present and their future squarely in the face.” “For the present they are cer tain to show greater grandeur in avowing their defeat than in op posing vain and illusory projects. For the future they know their destiny is in their courage and their perseverance/’ fight continues The scattered Frnch military passs of the Alps to the Medi terranean repeated Italian attacks were repulsed, but from the north, German armored columns stabbed nearer and nearer tP Bordeaux— refugee-jammed provisional capi tal — but there were indications that the advance might stop short of it. In the temporary quarters of the government, word was waited from the emissaries who bowed yesterday to Adolf Hitler’s yet un disclosed terms in Compiegne For est, then went to Italy to hear Premier Mussolini’s price for peace. At 5 P. M. (11 A. M., EST) the government had heard no word from Italy. Some observers have said the negotiations there might (Continued on Page Ten) - ^ French Colonies Pledge Their Support To Britain LONDON, June 23. — (JPt — The British government an nounced today it had received pledges of support from the French colonial empire, deter mined to carry on the war against Germany despite the armistice signed at Compiegne forest. Terms of the armistice, al though not yet made public, pre sumably were studied by the war cabinet which sat for two and a half hours in special meet ing this month. The British government’s for mal announcement that the sign ing of the armistice “brings to an end the organized resistance of the French forces at home” declared that in the French colonial empire-“a more robust spirit prevails.” Pledges of support from Sy ria, French Indo-China, Morocco, Senegal, the ( aineroons and Ji buti were announced. ‘‘His majesty’s government,” the statement said, “is prepared to make financial arrangements to enable the French colonial empire to play its part.” It added: “As stated by the prime min ister, tile British aim is the com plete restoration of the metro politan and overseas territory of France.” British sadness tinged with bitterness over the fall of con (Continued on Page Ten) ■ St. Nazaire Is Captured By Germans; Ships Sunk MUCH BOOTY , SEIZED Hitler’s Army Pushes For ward In Rhone Valley From Lyon Eastwards BERLIN, June 23 — The fall of St. Nazaire, shipbuilding port at the mouth of the Loire where France constructed some of her mightiest naval and mercantile marine units, including the Nor mandie, was announced today,by the German High Command. The communique also claimed the sinking of a 10,000 ton trans port and another of ,000, tons by German fliers, and the sinking of a 16,090-ton allied tanker, picked out of a convoy by a submarine. Much Booty Taken The capture of St. Nazaire with “enormous booty,” including tanks loaded for transport, was accom plished, the high command said, even as Adolf Hitler’s conquering army was pushing forward in the Rhone valley in a southerly di rection from Lyon and eastwards. “They forced a crosing over the Rhone at the approaches to the Savoyan Alps southwest of Gene va,” the communique said. (St. Nazaire, familiar to thou sands of American troops during the World War, is the home of the shipbuilding yards of the Loire company and Compagnie Gener ale Transatlantique — the French line. It has important steel works and blast furnaces) (The communique did not men tion two 35,000-ton battle-ships, the Jean Bart and the Gascogne, which have , been under construction there. The Jean Bart was launched March 6 and was to be completed next year. The Gascogne was to be ready by 1942 or 1943) — Britain Thinhs France May Face Harsher Fate LONDON, June 23. — </P> — British poltiical circles tonight interpreted the French-German armistice as meaning that if any French colony, or single unit of the French fleet refused to obey German orders, Germany could denounce the entire pact. They cited article 24, which says: “The present armistice is valid until conclusion of a peace treaty and can be denounced at any moment(if the French gov ernment do not fulfill their ob ligations.” Observers added that once France is disarmed, Germany could impose whatever harsher terms she wishes, and added that this was the same technique Germany used in taking Czecho slovakia. BELGIANS FACE FOOD SHORTAGE German Red Cross Report ed Trying To Forestall Critical Situation BERLIN, June 23 —(tf)— A ser ious food shortage in Belgium, par ticularly in the rural regions, was reported today by observers i n Brussels watching the little king dom try to adjust itself to German occupation. The German Red Cross, financed domestically and from abroad, was reported attempting to forestall a critical situation and German re lief was said to be reaching Bel gium in increasing quantities. Belgium, which previously im ported much food by sea, now is closed off by the British blockade and in the confusion of the war appears unable to adjust itself to the purely continental economy in time to replace fully the supplies formerly brought by ships. The Red Cross in the country ; districts is distributing bread, bis cuits, condensed milk and canned ' foods. Sugar, butter, eggs and '[ cured meat generally are scarce. ' Clothing is less urgently needed. The food problem is bound up j with the refugee question. Thou- , sands of Belgian residents left their homes before the swift Ger- . man thrust and great quantities , of food were reported destroyed to ^ prevent the supplies from falling , into German hands. The Germans, however, appro- 1 priated food stored in unoccupied 1 houses on the ground that the own ers had departed for an extensive 1 stay in France and such f ood ; should be preserved. 4 i GIVES UP COASTLINE Nation Scheduled To Be come Passive Ally Og Ger many Against England OThER DEMANDS MADE I I Text of the French-German armistice terms is on Page 10. LONDON, June 23—UTt—France must submit to military occupa tion of more than half her con tinental territory by German troops and turn over all her fleet and arms to German quartermas ters, it was disclosed today by the British government which said these armistice terms robbed the French of all independence. Dismayed by the prospect, the British government repudiated the French government of Marshal Premier Retain at Bordeaux and announced that it would deal henceforth with a French national committee formed in London. Passive Ally Under the armistice France is required to surrender her arms, munitions and Atlantic coastline, and becomes in effect a passive ally of Germany for the Battle for Britain. With final terms of the broader European peace envisaged by Ger many and her axis partner, Italy, yet to be worked out, the armi stice becomes effective six hours after French emissaries now at Rome sign a similar pact with Italy. Meanwhile fighting continues un til a cease firing order is signaled by German radio with announce ment that a French accord has been reached with Italy. Italy’s terms are still undisclos ed, but a Fascist source at Ge neva, Switzerland, indicated they included Italian occupation o f France’s Mediterranean coast and a strip of the Alps, including Sa voy, Nice and Dauphine. Undetermined Factor Whether the French warfleet which has been under virtual Brit ish command would yield or be released to comply with the armi stice remained one of the great undetermined factors of the war. Strong units of the French fleet have been assembled with the British in the Eastern Mediterran ean at Alexandria. The armistice contained "sol emn” German assurance that the French warships, ordered returned to post for German-Italian intern ment, would not be used against France’s erstwhile Ally, Britain. In return, France is required to give the German high command “all information about naval mines and defenses” which she undertook with Britain, and to use her mine sweepers to clear out coastal minefields. The statement on Britain's new attitude of non-recognition of the Bordeaux government was broad cast in French after General Charles De Gaulle, who was under Secretary of War in Premier Rey* aaud’s cabinet announced forma ion of a committee to carry on he war with the help of Britain. Dismissed from Army He spoke shortly after a French jroadcast had announced his dis missal from the army for having irged Frenchmen, last night to •ally to Britain’s side in the fight igainst Germany. Earlier, General Be Gaulle had been dropped from he cabinet. De Gaulle said the committee, ormed in agreement with the Bri ish government, was determined o maintain French independence md honor French agreements, and vould have jurisdiction over all rrench citizens in Great Britain. “An independent government no onger exists on French territorial ;oil” he said. The British announcement, car ried on authority of the govern ment, said the British found the erms of the German-French armi itice were “in contravention o f igreements sqlemnly made be ween the Allied governments" and educed the Bordeaux government ‘to a state of complete subjection o the enemy and deprived it of ill liberty and all right to repre sent free French citizens." . * FRANCE HAD ONLY 40 MINUTES LEFT TO CONSIDER ARMISTICE WHEN SHE SIGNED BERLIN, June 23. — (/P) — France had only 40 minutes left to consider an armistice when she signed her truce with Ger many, DNB, official German news agency, reported tonight. In an account of the historic negotiations in Compiegne forest, France, the agency said, Col. Gen. Wilhelm Keitel, chief of the German plenipotentiaries, fixed 7:30 p. m. 12:30 p. m. E. S. T-) Saturday as the latest hour to complete negotiations. Keitel’s written communica tion fixing the deadline in an swer to an earlier French re quest for more time to con sider the terms was delivered to General Charles Huntziger, head of the French delegation at 6:30 p. m. yesterday Almost immediately, DNB said, the French announced they had reached a decision and the sign ing took place at 6:50 p. m. The French requested more time five hours after the first talk between the French and German representatives, which began immediately after Hitler’s brief proclamation was read at the start of the negotiations at 3:30 p. m. Friday. German witnesses of the sol emn act of signing told how the delegates wrote their names while standing, the French af fixing their signatures first. As the French left the rail road car to start on their aerial journey to Italy, Vice Admiral Maurice Le L.uc brushed ner vously at tear-stained eyes. There was some difficulty with the telephone connection to Bor deaux, temporary capital, as the French sought to clarify the situation by a long-distance dis cussion with the government, DNB said When the connection seem ingly was established, the French crowded nervously around the instrument. General Huntziger took the re ceiver and spoke earnestly. DNB said the general sud denly appeared “to require sup port” and Leon Noel, former ambassador to Poland and an other of the four plenipotenti aries, took the receiver. Then the connection was lost again. It was not until General Hunt ziger called Friday evening aft er the first session that the French government knew where the conversations were being held, DNB said. The French delegates, without knowing their destination, had crossed the German operations border at Tours Friday morning and turned themselves over to German officers. With the French army beaten —the sixth military establish ment to capitulate to Hitler in 10 months—attention of the Ger man people was directed toward a promised “new Europe” and the more imminent smash at England. The “new Europe,” commen tators emphasized, will not emerge until England is over powered.